Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1592
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Chen Junping - - 2006
Photoreceptor cells are incessantly bombarded with photons of light, which, along with the cells' high rate of oxygen metabolism, continuously exposes them to elevated levels of toxic reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs). Vacancy-engineered mixed-valence-state cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria particles) scavenge ROIs. Our data show that nanoceria particles prevent increases in the ...
Jia Zhenquan - - 2007
Oxidative stress has been implicated in pesticide-induced neurotoxicity, based on its role in the cascade of biochemical changes that lead to dopaminergic neuronal cell death. We have, therefore, examined the role of oxidative stress caused by the pesticides endosulfan and zineb in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) in culture. Upon treatment ...
Chandel Navdeep S - - 2007
Mammalian cells have divergent responses to varying oxygen levels. Cells exposed to low oxygen levels (hypoxia) activate the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) as an adaptive response. Cells exposed to hypoxia do not undergo senescence or cell death and do not diminish ATP levels. By contrast, cells exposed to high ...
Amatore Christian - - 2007
The release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or reactive nitrogen species (RNS), i.e., the initial phase of oxidative stress, by macrophage cells has been studied by electrochemistry within a microfluidic device. Macrophages were first cultured into a detection chamber containing the three electrodes system and were subsequently stimulated by the ...
Chen Yen-Chen - - 2007
Tumor cells with different origins have different threshold to apoptosis. Hematopoietic (Jurkat, NCI-H929) cells and non-hematopoietic (A549, MCF-7) cells were received hyperbaric oxygen (HBO(2)) treatment from 2.5 to 3.5 atmosphere absolute (ATA) of 100% oxygen for 6h, and a significant percentage of apoptosis were shown only in hematopoietic Jurkat and ...
Tsukiyama Fuyo - - 2006
Catechins have recently been reported to increase the cellular content of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha within mammalian cells. These catechins have a gallate moiety as a common structure. We now report that n-propyl gallate (nPG) also increases the HIF-1alpha protein in the rat heart-derived H9c2 cells. The increase was dose-dependent ...
St-Pierre Julie - - 2006
PPARgamma coactivator 1alpha (PGC-1alpha) is a potent stimulator of mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration. Since the mitochondrial electron transport chain is the main producer of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in most cells, we examined the effect of PGC-1alpha on the metabolism of ROS. PGC-1alpha is coinduced with several key ROS-detoxifying enzymes ...
Go JaeGwi - - 2007
During physical exertion the consumption rate increases and some cells suffer from the lack of oxygen. The time-wise evolution of hypoxia is analyzed mathematically under the condition the perfusion of each capillary is constant. The domain used contains multiple non-homogeneous capillaries of different solute out. Cells surrounding capillaries may consume ...
Zhang Yu - - 2006
Time-dependent photoluminescence (PL) enhancement, blue shift, and photobleach were observed from the thiol-capped CdTe quantum dots (QDs) ingested in mouse myoblast cells and human primary liver cancer cells. It was revealed that the PL blue shift resulted from the photooxidation of the QD core by singlet oxygen molecules formed on ...
Huwiler Andrea - - 2006
Sufficient oxygen supply is crucial for the development and physiology of mammalian cells and tissues. When simple diffusion of oxygen becomes inadequate to provide the necessary flow of substrate, evolution has provided cells with tools to detect and respond to hypoxia by upregulating the expression of specific genes, which allows ...
Shirai Mutsuko - - 2006
To assess the efficacy of conjugated quercetin metabolites as attenuators for oxidative stress in the central nervous system, we measured the 13-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HPODE)-dependent formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in pheochromocytoma PC-12 cells in the presence of quercetin 3-O-beta-glucuronide (Q3GA) and related compounds. A 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin (DCFH) assay showed that ...
Garnier Lionel - - 2006
Cadmium is suspected to exert its toxic action on cells through oxidative damage. However, the transition metal is unable to directly generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) via redox reactions with molecular oxygen in a biological environment. Here, we show that bright yellow-2 (BY-2) tobacco cells exposed to millimolar concentrations of ...
Amirsadeghi Sasan - - 2006
Transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) lacking mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) have been compared with wild-type (Wt) tobacco using two different systems, either suspension cell cultures or leaves. In both systems, a lack of AOX was accompanied by an increase in some anti-oxidant defenses, consistent with the hypothesis that a lack of ...
Mir Youssef - - 2006
The feasibility to induce oxygen-independent tumour cell kill by two-photon excitation of copper tetrasulfophthalocyanine (CuPcS4) was studied in Jurkat cells in vitro. Following incubation with CuPcS4 cells were transferred to a closed cuvette and irradiated with 532 nm pulsed-laser or 680 nm continuous-laser light to evaluate the effect of either ...
Smallbone Kieran - - 2007
Successful adaptation to varying microenvironmental constraints plays a crucial role during carcinogenesis. We develop a hybrid cellular automation approach to investigate the cell-microenvironmental interactions that mediate somatic evolution of cancer cells. This allows investigation of the hypothesis that regions of premalignant lesions develop a substrate-limited environment as proliferation carries cells ...
Chen Fei - - 2006
The IkappaB kinase complex (IKK) is central to the activation of NF-kappaB, a critical transcription factor governing expression of genes involved in cell proliferation and anti-apoptotic responses. Mice with genetic disruptions of the Ikkbeta or Ikkgamma gene loci die during embryogenesis because of severe hepatic apoptosis. We now show that ...
Hoffman David L - - 2007
Mitochondria are proposed to play an important role in hypoxic cell signaling. One currently accepted signaling paradigm is that the mitochondrial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) increases in hypoxia. This is paradoxical, because oxygen is a substrate for ROS generation. Although the response of isolated mitochondrial ROS generation to ...
Trachootham Dunyaporn - - 2006
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) stimulate cell proliferation and induce genetic instability, and their increase in cancer cells is often viewed as an adverse event. Here, we show that such abnormal increases in ROS can be exploited to selectively kill cancer cells using beta-phenylethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC). Oncogenic transformation of ovarian epithelial ...
Ueno Y - - 2006
Dental pulp cells can be exposed to hypoxia during severe inflammation or restorative procedures, though their response to hypoxia is not well-understood. We hypothesized that hypoxia has effects on the growth of pulp cells in vitro. When the cells were exposed to hypoxia for 48 hr, cell growth was suppressed, ...
Zurgil Naomi - - 2006
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have recently been shown to be involved in multiple physiological responses through modulation of signaling pathways. Inappropriate production of these radicals, and their metabolites, leads to the development of various pathologies. Free radicals can induce both positive and negative effects in cells, and their metabolic pathways ...
Trummer Evelyn - - 2006
The impact of process environment changes on process performance is one of the most crucial process safety issues when cultivating mammalian cells in a bioreactor. In contrast, directed shifting of process parameters can also be used as an optimization tool providing higher cell and product yields. Compared to other strategies ...
Frøyland Elisabeth - - 2006
Inflammation probably plays a significant role in perinatal brain injury. To study the contribution of locally produced cytokines, the effect on cell death of addition of IL-8 and MCP-1 or antibodies to these, and the impact of acidosis, human postmitotic NT2-N neurons were exposed to 3 h of hypoxia and ...
Zafar K S - - 2006
NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) can metabolize dopamine-derived quinones (DAQ) and absence of NQO1 due to the NQO1*2 polymorphism has been suggested to be a risk factor for Parkinson's disease. In order to define whether NQO1 plays a protective role in dopamine toxicity, we have examined the potential role of ...
Snyder John W - - 2006
The lowest excited electronic state of molecular oxygen, singlet molecular oxygen, O(2)(a (1)Delta(g)), is a reactive species involved in many chemical and biological processes. To better understand the roles played by singlet oxygen in biological systems, particularly at the sub-cellular level, optical tools have been developed to create and directly ...
Huang Xuan - - 2006
DNA damage, particularly when it involves formation of double-strand breaks (DSBs), triggers phosphorylation of histone H2AX on Ser-139. Phosphorylated H2AX has been named gammaH2AX, and induction of gammaH2AX in cells exposed to genotoxic agents is considered a sensitive and specific reporter of DNA damage. However, in untreated normal cells as ...
Kim Seong-Mi - - 2006
In this study, we attempted to characterize the biomolecular effects of an atmospheric pressure cold plasma (APCP) system which utilizes helium/oxygen (He/O(2)). APCP using He/O(2) generates a low level of UV while generating reactive oxygen radicals which probably serve as the primary factor in sterilization; these reactive oxygen radicals have ...
Chattopadhyay Manas K - - 2006
We have previously shown that polyamine-deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae are very sensitive to incubation in oxygen. The current studies show that, even under more physiological conditions (i.e. growth in air), polyamine-deficient cells accumulate reactive oxygen species (ROS). These cells develop an apoptotic phenotype and, after incubation in polyamine-deficient medium, die. To ...
Able, Amanda Jane
Copyright © 2001 Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Eblin K E - - 2006
Arsenicals have commonly been seen to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) which can lead to DNA damage and oxidative stress. At low levels, arsenicals still induce the formation of ROS, leading to DNA damage and protein alterations. UROtsa cells, an immortalized human urothelial cell line, were used to study the ...
Puttonen Katja A - - 2006
We studied the ability of prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) inhibitors, Z-Pro-Prolinal and JTP-4819, to prevent translocation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) treated monkey fibroblast (CV1-P) and human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. The cells were pretreated with POP inhibitors (30 ...
Cochran David M - - 2006
A tissue-mimetic culture system (TMCS) in which cells are sandwiched between two glass slides provides an ideal microenvironment for studying the effects of oxygen and nutrient gradients on cells in culture. A mathematical model was utilized to predict the time course of the development of oxygen and glucose concentration gradients ...
Khlupova Maria - - 2007
Intact and permeabilized yeast cells were tested as the biorecognition elements for amperometric assay of formaldehyde (FA). For this aim, the mutant C-105 (gcr1 catX) of the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha with a high activity of AOX was chosen. Different approaches were used for monitoring FA-dependent cell response including analysis ...
Haupt Sue - - 2006
Cell lines that do not overexpress functional cyclooxygenase-2 are resistant to the normal plasma levels of celecoxib achieved following oral ingestion. Cell growth inhibition was demonstrated after 24 h exposure to 80 micromol/l celecoxib while significant death was not detected at concentrations below 120 micromol/l following 24 h exposure. This ...
Lin Chia-Hua - - 2006
The primary purpose of this research is to investigate whether exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), i.e. PCB153 and PCB126, is associated with induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) activation, and cell death in human T47D and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Results indicated that PCB153 and PCB126 induced ...
Han Yu-Hui - - 2006
We reported recently that moderate hypoxia and hypoxia-mimetic agents could induce growth arrest and differentiation of leukemic cells via the mediation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1alpha), but the exact molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, human acute promonocytic leukemic U937 cells were incubated under 2% O2 or ...
Evans A Mark - - 2006
All cells respond to metabolic stress. However, a variety of specialized cells, commonly referred to as O2-sensing cells, are acutely sensitive to relatively small changes in PO2. Within a variety of organisms such O2-sensing cells have evolved as vital homeostatic mechanisms that monitor O2 supply and alter respiratory and circulatory ...
Akyilmaz Erol - - 2006
A new amperometric whole cell biosensor based on Saccharomyces cerevisiae immobilized in gelatin was developed for selective determination of vitamin B1 (thiamine). The biosensor was constructed by using gelatin and crosslinking agent glutaraldehyde to immobilize S. cerevisiae cells on the Teflon membrane of dissolved oxygen (DO) probe used as the ...
Risbud Makarand V - - 2006
Nucleus pulposus (NP) cells of the intervertebral disc reside in an environment that has a limited vascular supply and generate energy through anaerobic glycolysis. The goal of the present study was to examine the expression and regulation of HIF-1alpha, a transcription factor that regulates oxidative metabolism in nucleus pulposus cells. ...
Bennett, Gary F.
The oxygen uptake rate to suspended cells of Pseudomonas ovalis was measured in two ways using the same cell suspension. Initially the rate was found by measuring the rate of production of gluconic acid by cells suspended in a nitrogenfree, aerated medium. Then, an oxygen electrode was used to measure ...
Cao Yanwei - - 2006
Although there is an ongoing controversy about the primary site of calcium oxalate stone (CaOx) formation, there is some evidence for extratubular crystallization. However, the mechanisms leading to such interstitial calcifications are not clear. Anatomical studies have demonstrated a close association between the renal vasculature and renal tubules. It has ...
Hilker Iris - - 2006
Efficient whole cell biotransformations, in particular microbial whole cell Baeyer-Villiger oxidation with molecular oxygen, demand comprehension and optimization of the process details involved. Optimal provision of oxygen and control of bioprocess parameters are pivotal for their success. The interrelation of cell density and oxygen supply in an in situ substrate ...
Chernyak Boris V - - 2006
Mitochondria can be a source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and a target of oxidative damage during oxidative stress. In this connection, the effect of photodynamic treatment (PDT) with Mitotracker Red (MR) as a mitochondria-targeted photosensitizer has been studied in HeLa cells. It is shown that MR produces both singlet ...
Grunhagen Thijs - - 2006
The metabolic environment of disc cells is governed by the avascular nature of the tissue. Because cellular energy metabolism occurs mainly through glycolysis, the disc cells require glucose for survival and produce lactic acid at high rates. Oxygen is also necessary for cellular activity, although not for survival; its pathway ...
Walker Kerfoot K - - 2006
The study explored the effect of ambient oxygen on mammalian cell survival after exposure to 10 ns duration, high voltage electrical pulses (nsEP, 80-90 or 120-130 kV/cm; 200-400 pulses per exposure). Cell samples were equilibrated with pure nitrogen, atmospheric air, or pure oxygen prior to the nsEP treatment and were ...
Gräbsch C - - 2006
Various studies have documented the associations between mold exposure and effects on health. Mycotoxins, which occur in spores and mold fragments, can be involved in processes that have pathological effects, such as adynamia of the immune system, recurrent infections of the respiratory tract, or asthma. Using Tetrahymena pyriformis, a single-cell ...
Tomitani Akiko - - 2006
Cyanobacteria have played a significant role in Earth history as primary producers and the ultimate source of atmospheric oxygen. To date, however, how and when the group diversified has remained unclear. Here, we combine molecular phylogenetic and paleontological studies to elucidate the pattern and timing of early cyanobacterial diversification. 16S ...
Gómez Ros L V - - 2006
The use of transdifferentiating Zinnia elegans mesophyll cells has proved useful in investigations of the process of xylem differentiation from cambial derivatives. Cultured mesophyll cells can be induced by external stimuli to proceed through temporally controlled developmental programs which conclude in the formation of single-cell-derived dead vascular tracheids and parenchyma-like ...
Xiao Anfeng - - 2006
In recombinant Pichia pastoris fermentation for hirudin production, copious cells were not viable and most of the secreted hirudin molecules were C-terminally truncated at the end of fermentation. In this work, the influences of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on cell viability and hirudin production were subsequently studied. In contrast to ...
O'Brien William J - - 2006
Reactive oxygen- and nitrogen-containing molecules produced in high concentrations are mediators of tissue damage caused by inflammation. The free radical molecules superoxide (O2-*) and nitric oxide (NO*), when produced at low concentrations, may function as second messengers or regulators of signal transduction. The purpose of these studies was to determine ...
Istomin Y P - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the effect of cell oxygenation on photocytotoxicity of a novel tricarbocyanine indolenine dye covalently bound to glucose (TICS). METHODS: HeLa cells were incubated with 5 microM TICS, 2 h later irradiated by laser at 740 nm with a light dose of 10 J/cm(2), delivered at a power ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >