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Eoh Hyungjin H Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, - - 2014
Homeostasis is an essential capability of all cells mediated by complex and diverse regulatory networks. Despite this complexity, many of the fundamental regulatory mechanisms used by cells have been evolutionarily conserved. It is thus somewhat surprising that the apparent physiologic significance of these mechanisms has been experimentally neglected. Here, we ...
Ang Michelle Lay Teng ML Department of Microbiology and Immunology - - 2014
Tuberculosis remains a major worldwide epidemic due to its sole etiological agent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Ethionamide (ETH) is one of the major antitubercular drugs used to treat multidrug-resistant M. tuberculosis strains. As a pro-drug that requires activation within the mycobacterial cell, ETH bio-activation involves the ethA/R locus, which encodes the monooxygenase ...
Mullis Summer N - - 2013
AIMS: Measure adherence and biofilm formation by cells of Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, and Mycobacterium abscessus on common household plumbing materials; namely stainless steel, glass, zinc-galvanized steel, copper, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). METHODS AND RESULTS: Coupons in a CDC Biofilm Reactor were exposed to cell suspensions containing 10(5) NTM colony-forming ...
Singh Bhupender - - 2013
Mycobacterium spp., rod-shaped cells belonging to the phylum Actinomycetes, lack the Min- and Noc/Slm systems responsible for preventing the placement of division sites at the poles or over the nucleoids to ensure septal assembly at mid-cell. We show that the position for establishment of the FtsZ ring in exponentially growing ...
Dalton J P - - 2013
The bactericidal activities of synthetic gastric juice and acidified porcine bile on Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis were assessed using propidium monoazide (PMA)-mediated quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, which allowed rapid relative quantitative analysis of viable M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis cells.
Rosu Valentina - - 2012
It is known that a combined glycine/lysozyme treatment is able to induce in vitro the mycobacterial conversion from the bacillary to the cell wall defective forms. These forms also naturally occur in vivo as a response to various antimicrobial factors such as lysozyme released by phagocytic cells. Although they have ...
Bulman Sarah - - 2012
Articular cartilage is a complex, multi-layered biological composite material, comprised of chondrocytes encapsulated in a water based glycosaminoglycan matrix reinforced with collagen fibres. Once damaged by osteoarthritis or traumatic injury, this aneural, avascular tissue has little self-repair capacity. Over the last 20 years, cell therapies and tissue engineering strategies and ...
Poreba M A - - 2012
The antidiabetic intestinal L cell hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) enhances glucose-dependent insulin secretion and inhibits gastric emptying. GLP-1 secretion is stimulated by luminal oleic acid (OA), which crosses the cell membrane by an unknown mechanism. We hypothesized that L cell fatty acid transport proteins (FATPs) are essential for OA-induced GLP-1 ...
Martín-López Alicia - - 2012
Yessotoxin (YTX) and okadaic acid (OA), algal toxins accumulated in edible shellfish, were previously shown to induce a specific and reversible T Cell Receptor (TCR) down-regulation in T lymphocyte EL-4 cells, in a time and concentration-dependent manner, via protein kinase C (PKC) and serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activities. In ...
Mavrogonatou Eleni - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Based on the similarities in the structure of cartilage and intervertebral disc and on the property of glucosamine of being the building block for the construction of proteoglycan aggregates, we investigated the compound's role in the proliferation of nucleus pulposus cells under iso- and hyperosmotic conditions, the ...
Wei Jianteng - - 2012
The antitumor activity of oleanolic (OA) has attracted attention due to its marked antitumor effects and pharmacological safety. In the present study, the effects of the combination of OA and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on Panc-28 human pancreatic cells were studied. The results showed that combined use of OA and 5-FU synergistically ...
Whitlock Patrick W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the properties of scaffold derived from freeze-dried human Achilles tendon allograft for use in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Our hypothesis was that such an allograft could be processed using a method to remove cellular and infectious material, producing a cytocompatible, architecturally modified scaffold possessing tensile ...
Polit Justyna Teresa - - 2012
Carbohydrate starvation of Vicia faba root meristems leads to readjustment of carbohydrate metabolism and blocks the cell cycle in two principal control points (PCP1/2). The cell cycle reactivation is possible after sucrose provision, although with a delay of about 12h. During this period, the cells are sensitive to 6-dimethylaminopurine (6-DMAP) ...
Oseni Adelola O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Advancements in cartilage tissue engineering have the potential to ameliorate facial and joint reconstructive surgery as we know it. The translation of in vitro models of cartilage regeneration into clinical scenarios is the next phase of cartilage tissue engineering research. To engineer larger, more robust, and clinical relevant constructs, a ...
Wei Jianteng - - 2012
Oleanolic acid (OA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid, exhibits potential anti-tumor activity against many tumor cell lines. This study aims to examine the anti-tumor activity of OA on pancreatic cancer cells and its potential molecular mechanism. The results showed that the proliferation of Panc-28 cells was inhibited by OA in a concentration-dependent ...
Yoo Myung-Ik - - 2012
We prepared scatteredly cyclic RGDfK-conjugated water-dispersible superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (cRGDfK-WSPIONs) and investigated their cellular uptake to MS-1 cells (mouse endothelial cell lines, express integrin α(v)β(3)) and MCF-7 cells (human breast cancer cells, express low level of integrin α(v)β(3)) using in vitro MRI. The cRGDfK-WSPIONs were prepared from oleate-protected SPIONs ...
Dhollander Aad A M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Hip labrum pathology has only begun to emerge as a significant source of groin pain in the last decade since the development of hip arthroscopy. Few data are available on the anatomy, histology and function of this structure. Moreover, no metabolic data exist at cellular level. The aim of ...
Ando Wataru - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize the effect of post-surgery joint inflammation on the chondrogenic differentiation capacity of mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) derived from the synovial membrane (SM). METHODS: Six Suffolk-cross sheep were subjected to experimental anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) core surgeries. After they were killed 2 weeks ...
Toh Wei Seong - - 2012
An injectable and biodegradable hydrogel system comprising hyaluronic acid-tyramine (HA-Tyr) conjugates can safely undergo covalent cross-linking in vivo by the addition of small amounts of peroxidase and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), with the independent tuning of the gelation rate and degree of cross-linking. Such hydrogel networks with tunable mechanical and degradation properties ...
Kim Byunghyuk - - 2012
Mammalian male germ cells should be maintained below body temperature for proper development. Here, we investigated how male germ cells respond to heat stress. A short exposure of mouse testes to core body temperature induced phosphorylation of eIF2α and the formation of stress granules (SGs) in male germ cells. We ...
Bruscalupi Giovannella - - 2012
Hyperosmotic stress affects cell growth, decreasing cell volume and increasing the uptake of organic osmolytes. However, the sensitivity of embryonic cells to osmotic treatment remains to be established. We have analysed some aspects of cell-cycle control and amino-acid transport in hypertonic conditions during prenatal life. The effects of hyperosmotic stress ...
Misra R D K - - 2012
The flexible and ductile silicone is widely used as a soft-tissue substitute for joint reconstruction and replacement in situations including joint pain and loss of mobility caused by the congenital or acquired factors such as osteoarthritis. Although these artificial devices have an expected life span of 15years or more, they ...
McConnachie Lisa A LA Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington , Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2013
Because of their unique optical properties, quantum dots (QDs) have become a preferred system for ultrasensitive detection and imaging. However, since QDs commonly contain Cd and other heavy metals, concerns have been raised regarding their toxicity. QDs are thus commonly synthesised with a ZnS cap structure and/or coated with polymeric ...
Luo Feifei - - 2012
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been shown to be associated with the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD). HtrA2/Omi, from its participation in protein quality control, is involved in ER stress. However, little is known about the relationship between HtrA2/Omi and ER stress in PD. Here, we explored ...
Christen Verena - - 2012
Engineered silica nanoparticles (SiO(2)-NPs) find widespread application and may lead to exposure of humans and the environment. Here we compare the effects of SiO(2)-NPs and SiO(2)-NPs doped with silver (SiO(2)-Ag-NPs) on survival and cellular function of human liver cells (Huh7) and Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) fibroblast cells (FMH). In Huh7 ...
George V Cijo - - 2012
Oleanolic acid (OA) is a naturally occurring triterpenoid in food materials and is a component of the leaves and roots of Olea europaea, Viscum album L., Aralia chinensis L. and more than 120 other plant species. There are several reports validating its antitumor activity against different cancer cells apart from ...
Charles Norman C - - 2012
A 24-year-old man developed abdominal carcinomatosis from signet cell carcinoma of the rectum. His only distal metastasis involved the superior orbit. Orbital pathology showed signet cells with a characteristic immunopathologic pattern. No hereditary syndrome was found. The authors identified only 5 cases in the literature describing colorectal adenocarcinoma metastatic to ...
Huang A H - - 2012
The primary goal of cartilage tissue engineering is to recapitulate the functional properties and structural features of native articular cartilage. While there has been some success in generating near-native compressive properties, the tensile properties of cell-seeded constructs remain poor, and key features of cartilage, including inhomogeneity and anisotropy, are generally ...
Muiños-López Emma - - 2012
To compare the proliferative and chondrogenic potential of fresh and frozen chondrocytes isolated from superficial and deep articular cartilage biopsies. The study included 12 samples of fresh and frozen healthy human knee articular cartilage. Cell proliferation was tested at 3, 6 and 9 days. Studies of mRNA quantification, protein expression ...
Sun Haiming - - 2012
Malignant gliomas are primary brain tumors with high rates of morbidity and mortality; they are the fourth most common cause of cancer death. Novel diagnostic and therapeutic techniques based on nanomaterials provide promising options in the treatment of malignant gliomas. In order to evaluate the potential of FePt nanoparticles (NPs) ...
Permyakov Sergei E SE Institute for Biological Instrumentation, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow 142290, Russia. - - 2012
HAMLET is a complex of α-lactalbumin (α-LA) with oleic acid (OA) that selectively kills tumor cells and Streptococcus pneumoniae. To assess the contribution of the proteinaceous component to cytotoxicity of HAMLET, OA complexes with proteins structurally and functionally distinct from α-LA were prepared. Similar to HAMLET, the OA complexes with ...
Wang Xiu-Yu - - 2011
The roles of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity are still unclear. This study aimed to dissect the hypothesis that H(2)S could protect H9c2 cells against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity by inhibiting ER stress. Our results showed that exposure of H9c2 cells to DOX significantly inhibited ...
Turunen M J - - 2011
In clinical arthrographic examination, strong hypertonic contrast agents are injected directly into the joint space. This may reduce the stiffness of articular cartilage, which is further hypothesized to lead to overload-induced cell death. We investigated the cell death in articular cartilage while the tissue was compressed in situ in physiological ...
Campisi Agata - - 2011
Tissue transglutaminase (TG2), a multifunctional enzyme implicated in cellular proliferation and differentiation processes, plays a modulatory role in the cell response to stressors. Herein, we used olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs), representing an unusual population of glial cells to promote axonal regeneration and to provide trophic support, as well as to ...
Lien Yu-Chin - - 2012
Peroxiredoxin 6 (Prdx6), a bifunctional enzyme with glutathione peroxidase and phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activities, has been demonstrated as playing a critical role in antioxidant defense of the lung. Our aim was to evaluate the relative role of each activity in Prdx6-mediated protection of mouse pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) against ...
Teodoro Tracy - - 2012
Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) is one of three principle endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response proteins and becomes activated when ER homeostasis is perturbed. ATF6 functions to increase ER capacity by stimulating transcription of ER-resident chaperone genes such as GRP78. Using an antibody that recognizes active ATF6α-p50, we found that ...
Cherng Chian-Fang G - - 2011
Unconditioned foot shock followed by restraint in water was used as a stress regimen to induce decreases in neurogenesis in mouse dentate gyrus (DG). Presence of conspecific odors has been known to reverse the stress-induced decrease in DG neurogenesis. In this study, we found that the conspecific odors did not ...
Liang Chongyang - - 2012
In Asia, the mushroom of the fungus Ganoderma lucidum has been widely used as a traditional medicine for the past two millennia. The aim of this study was to investigate the anticancer activity of recombinant Lz-8 (rLz-8), a protein belonging to a family of fungal immunomodulatory proteins. We report that ...
Ahn Jiwon - - 2011
The small heat-shock protein Hsp9 from Schizosaccharomyces pombe was previously reported to be a homologue of Saccharomyces cerevisiae HSP12. Although Hsp9 is expressed in response to heat shock and nutritional limitation, its function is still not completely understood. Here, we explored the biological function of Hsp9 in S. pombe. The ...
Antkowiak Maciej - - 2011
We use stroboscopic quantitative phase microscopy to study cell deformation and the response to cavitation bubbles and transient shear stress resulting from laser-induced breakdown of an optically trapped nanoparticle. A bi-directional transient displacement of cytoplasm is observed during expansion and collapse of the cavitation bubble. In some cases, cell deformation ...
King Jason S - - 2011
The ability to respond and adapt to changes in the physical environment is a universal and essential cellular property. Here we demonstrated that cells respond to mechanical compressive stress by rapidly inducing autophagosome formation. We measured this response in both Dictyostelium and mammalian cells, indicating that this is an evolutionarily ...
Liang Wenxing - - 2012
RNase R is a processive exoribonuclease that plays an important role in degradation of structured RNAs in Escherichia coli. RNase R is unstable in exponential phase cells; however, under certain stress conditions, RNase R levels increase dramatically due to its stabilization. Binding of tmRNA and SmpB to the C-terminal region ...
Park Yong Bum - - 2012
The main load-bearing network in the primary cell wall of most land plants is commonly depicted as a scaffold of cellulose microfibrils tethered by xyloglucans. However, a xyloglucan-deficient mutant (xylosyltransferase1/xylosyltransferase2 [xxt1/xxt2]) was recently developed that was smaller than the wild type but otherwise nearly normal in its development, casting doubt ...
Tkachenko Alexander G - - 2011
Bactericidal antibiotics (fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides and cephalosporins) at their sublethal concentrations were able to produce hydroxyl radicals, hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anions (ROS) in Escherichia coli cells, which resulted in damage to proteins and DNA. The cells responded to oxidative stress by a 2-3-fold increase in cell polyamines (putrescine, spermidine) produced ...
Li Lianjie - - 2011
Mdm2 is a critical negative regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor and also has many p53-independent functions. Deregulation of Mdm2 is closely associated with tumorigenesis. However, how Mdm2 is regulated in response to various stresses is not well understood. In this study, we found that Mdm2 was stabilized and upregulated ...
Kim Hyun Soo - - 2011
Abstract Mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT) plays important roles in the regulation of mitochondrial permeability transition and cell bioenergetics. The mouse has three ANT isoforms (1, 2 and 4) showing tissue-specific expression patterns. Although ANT1 is known to have a pro-apoptotic property, the specific functions of ANT2 have not been ...
John Geraldine S M - - 2011
Yeast cells sense and respond to hypertonicity. Saccharomyces cerevisiae MTCC 2918 was tested for its metabolic status in 1 M NaCl by cell viability analysis, intracellular glycerol content and total antioxidant capacity. Yeast cell viability was maximum in 1 M NaCl and 24 h addition of 1 M NaCl was effective in induction of ...
Reis Pedro A B - - 2011
The molecular chaperone binding protein (BiP) participates in the constitutive function of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)and protects the cell against stresses. In this study, we investigated the underlying mechanism by which BiP protects plant cells from stress-induced cell death. We found that enhanced expression of BiP in soybean (Glycine max) ...
Veeranki Sudhakar - - 2011
The serine/threonine kinase LKB1 is a master kinase that regulates a number of critical events such as cell transformation, polarization, development, stress response, and energy metabolism in metazoa. After multiple unsuccessful attempts of generating Dictyostelium lkb1-null cells, an RNAi-based knockdown approach proved effective. Depletion of lkb1 with a knockdown construct ...
Anker Jonathan F - - 2011
In budding yeast, new sites of polarity are chosen with each cell cycle and polarization is transient. In filamentous fungi, sites of polarity persist for extended periods of growth and new polarity sites can be established while existing sites are maintained. How the polarity establishment machinery functions in these distinct ...
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