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Results 351 - 400 of 2391
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Fayad Walid - - 2009
Cisplatin is a clinically important chemotherapeutical agent used to treat epithelial malignancies. High concentrations (20-100 microM) of cisplatin have been used in numerous studies to induce apoptosis of carcinoma cells grown in monolayer culture over 24-48 hr. These conditions may not be relevant to 3-D tumor tissue in vivo and ...
Kim Ayako - - 2009
Clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the ovary is known to be highly resistant to platinum-based chemotherapy. The purpose of our study was to identify a candidate protein that is associated with chemoresistance of CCC and to investigate the specific mechanism of chemoresistance conferred by the identified protein. Enhanced expression of ...
Hong Sung Pil - - 2009
Accumulating evidence suggests that tumors are composed of a heterogeneous cell population with a small subset of cancer stem cells (CSCs) that sustain tumor formation and growth. Recently, there have been efforts to explain drug resistance of cancer cells based on the concept of CSCs having an intrinsic detoxifying mechanism. ...
Ignatov Atanas - - 2010
Tamoxifen is the most frequently used anti-hormonal drug for treatment of women with hormone-dependent breast cancer. The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanism of tamoxifen resistance and the impact of the new estrogen G-protein coupled receptor (GPR30). MCF-7 cells were continuously exposed to tamoxifen for 6 months ...
Cheng Yow-Jyun - - 2010
Molecular mechanism(s) responsible for drug resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells to cisplatin was investigated. Results showed that cisplatin (50muM)-induced cell death (apoptosis) was more significant in CH27 and A549 cell lines than in H460. The high protein levels of X-linked inhibitor-of-apoptosis protein (XIAP) observed in H460 cells ...
Dasgupta Anindya - - 2010
Establishment of immunocompetent cell mediated anti-tumor immunity is often mitigated by the myelosuppressive effects during administration of chemotherapy. We hypothesized that protecting these immune cells from drug induced toxicities may allow for the combined administration of immunotherapy and chemotherapy. Using a SIV-based lentiviral gene transfer system we delivered the drug-resistant ...
Xu Xiao-Lan - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with a high morbidity and mortality due to its high rate of recurrence. However, little is known about the biological characteristics of recurrent HCC cells. A single patient's primary and recurrent HCC-derived cell lines, Hep-11 and Hep-12, respectively, were established by primary culture. These two ...
Jiang Zhi - - 2009
Resistance to cisplatin (DDP) remains a major obstacle for the successful treatment of ovarian cancer. This study was to determine the reversal effect of Fe3O4-magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) on DDP-resistance of ovarian carcinoma cell line SKOV3/DDP, and to explore its correlation with apoptosis-associated genes. SKOV3/DDP cells were divided into the DDP ...
Zhang Ying - - 2009
Resistance to platinum is a major limitation for the treatment of ovarian cancer. In an effort to overcome the platinum resistance problem in ovarian cancer treatment, we explored the correlation between cisplatin resistance and the human AP endonuclease (APE1 or Ref-1). APE1/Ref-1 is a multifunctional protein that is not only ...
Petrak Jiri - - 2009
The resistance of malignant cells to chemotherapy calls for the development of novel anti-cancer drugs. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a pro-apoptotic cytokine, which selectively induces apoptosis in malignant cells. We derived two TRAIL-resistant HL-60 subclones, HL-60/P1 and HL-60/P2, from a TRAIL-sensitive HL-60 acute promyelocytic leukemia cell line. To identify ...
Hsu Jui-Ling - - 2009
Hepatocellular carcinoma is chemoresistant to many anticancer drugs. Tunicamycin, an N-glycosylation inhibitor, causes unfolded protein response and is widely used as pharmacological inducer of endoplasmic reticulum stress. In this study, several designs were used to investigate the resistance mechanism to camptothecin and etoposide in hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B cells. Tunicamycin significantly ...
Smith Paul J PJ Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, United Kingdom. - - 2009
Drug resistant tumor "side-populations," enriched in cancer stem cells and identified by reduced accumulation of Hoechst 33342 under ABCG2-mediated efflux, may compromise therapeutic outcome. Side-population cells have predicted resistance to minor groove ligands, including the DNA topoisomerase I poison topotecan. We have used a stable Hoechst 33342-resistant murine L cell ...
Radujkovic Aleksandar - - 2010
We investigated various combination treatment regimens employing nilotinib with established chemotherapeutic agents (daunorubicin, mitoxantrone, etoposide and cytarabine) in imatinib-sensitive and -resistant BCR-ABL-positive cells. Mitoxantrone or cytarabine showed synergism (CI < 1) in combination with nilotinib in imatinib-sensitive LAMA84 cells, whereas in imatinib-resistant LAMA84-R cells synergistic effects could be assessed for ...
Hartman Mor-Li - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Although platinum-based chemotherapy is widely used in malignant pleural mesothelioma, its modest therapeutic effect warrants identification of enhancing agents. As with many cancers, the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway is often activated in malignant pleural mesothelioma and has been implicated in the tumor's aggressiveness. Sirolimus is a well-established inhibitor of the ...
Liu Juan - - 2009
Caspase-8 is a critical upstream mediator of apoptosis in the death receptor pathway. However, the relationship between caspase-8 mutation and chemosensitivity remain unclear in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) carrying p53 mutation. In this study, we identified a caspase-8 nonsense mutation, accompanied by the loss of the second ...
Vitolo Michele I - - 2009
Many cancers, including breast cancer, harbor loss-of-function mutations in the catalytic domain of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) or have reduced PTEN expression through loss of heterozygosity and/or epigenetic silencing mechanisms. However, specific phenotypic effects of PTEN inactivation in human cancer cells remain poorly defined without ...
Marverti Gaetano - - 2011
The cellular effects of a novel DNA-intercalating agent, the bipyridyl complex of platinum(II) with diphenyl thiourea, [Pt(bipy)(Ph(2)-tu)(2)]Cl(2), has been analyzed in the cisplatin (cDDP)-sensitive human ovarian carcinoma cell line, 2008, and its-resistant variant, C13* cells, in which the highest accumulation and cytotoxicity was found among six related bipyridyl thiourea complexes. ...
Chiou Jeng-Fong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib is a newly established cancer drug found to be an effective systemic treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, little is known about any potential effectors that modify tumor cell sensitivity towards sorafenib. Here, we present the first evidence that glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is intimately associated with ...
Tai Joseph - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: To search for more effective treatment of ovarian cancer, we investigated the in vitro anti-proliferation activities of Devil's club (OH) root bark extracts, an important medicinal plant of North America, on cisplatin sensitive and resistant human ovarian cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High performance liquid ...
Busser Benoît - - 2010
Molecular resistance mechanisms affecting the efficiency of receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as gefitinib in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells are not fully understood. Amphiregulin (Areg) overexpression has been proposed to predict NSCLC resistance to gefitinib and we have established that Areg-overexpressing H358 NSCLC cells resist apoptosis. Here, we demonstrate ...
Wang Juan J Program in Molecular Biology and Genetics, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Department of Pathology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, - - 2009
Although cisplatin is a very effective anticancer agent against several types of cancer including ovarian cancer, the mechanisms of acquired resistance are not fully understood. By chronically exposing cisplatin to ovarian cancer cell lines, we established two cisplatin-resistant cell lines OV433 and TOV112D. Our results indicate that the mechanisms underlying ...
Zheng Long Tai - - 2009
Malignant gliomas are the most common primary brain tumor and have a poor clinical prognosis. 1, 3-Bis (2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) is an alkylating agent that is commonly used in glioma therapy. However, BCNU chemotherapy often fails due to drug resistance. To gain better understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying the drug resistance ...
Vaidyanathan Ganesan - - 2009
To advance the science and clinical application of stem cell therapy, the availability of a highly sensitive, quantitative and translational method for tracking stem cells would be invaluable. Because hematopoetic stem cells express high levels of the cytosolic enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase-1A1 (ALDH1), we sought to develop an agent that is ...
Kim J B - - 2010
Berberine is a pure phenanthren alkaloid isolated from the roots and bark of herbal plants such as Berberis, Hydrastis canadensis and Coptis chinensis. Berberine has been established to inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells, but its effects on the drug resistance and anoikis-resistance of breast cancer cells have yet ...
Aggarwal Sudeepta - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We have used mass-spectrometry (MS) based proteomics platform to identify cell surface proteins over-expressed on a cisplatin resistant derivative of an ovarian cancer cell line A2780. METHODS: Membrane associated glycoproteins from A2780 and its cisplatin resistant derivative cell line, A2780cis, were processed for liquid chromatography (LC)-MS based analysis. The ...
Thiyagarajan Seethalakshmi - - 2009
PURPOSE: Multidrug resistance to anticancer drugs is a major cause of chemotherapy failure in cancer patients. Lung resistance-related protein (LRP) has been identified as the major vault protein (MVP) in humans, which is associated with multidrug resistance in various cancer cells. Overexpression of LRP is found in many solid tumors ...
Chu Stephanie W L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Resistance to paclitaxel (PTX) is a major concern in treating ovarian cancer. Thus, agents effective in taxane-resistant tumours are highly sought. It has recently been shown that albendazole (ABZ) is a potent inhibitor of cell proliferation, angiogenesis and tumour growth. This study was designed to examine the efficacy of ...
Li Jing-Jing - - 2009
Cetuximab, an antibody against epidermal growth factor receptor, has been approved for the treatment of colorectal carcinoma and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. There is increasing evidence that cetuximab can reverse the resistance to irinotecan (CPT-11) and oxaliplatin. Since cisplatin (DDP) is a widely used chemotherapeutics this study examined ...
Ji Yuan - - 2009
Gefitinib has been approved for the treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer. However, its efficiency is limited by the development of drug resistance. Additional treatments for cases of non-small cell lung cancer relapsing with treatment with gefitinib are urgently required. To investigate the mechanisms of acquired resistance to ...
Kim Tae Rim - - 2009
Smooth muscle protein 22-alpha (SM22alpha) has been postulated to affect the structure and function of the actin filament. In this study, we report on the significant induction of SM22alpha by cytotoxic agents in HepG2 cells. SM22alpha-overexpression inhibited the activation of IGF-1Rbeta/Akt and Erk, consequently suppressing cell proliferation. On the other ...
Guo Xiaoxia - - 2010
Most of the gemcitabine (dFdC) resistant cell lines manifested high NFkappaB activity. The NFkappaB activity can be induced by dFdC and 5-FU exposure. The chemosensitizing effect of disulfiram (DS), an anti-alcoholism drug and NFkappaB inhibitor, and copper (Cu) on the chemoresistant cell lines was examined. The DS/Cu complex significantly enhanced ...
Zhao Liangli - - 2009
Docetaxel chemotherapy improves symptoms and survival in men with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). However, approximately 50% of patients do not respond to Docetaxel and are exposed to significant toxicity without direct benefit. This study aimed to identify novel therapeutic targets and predictive biomarkers of Docetaxel resistance in HRPC. We ...
Park Kang-Seo - - 2010
PURPOSE: Recently, it was reported that expression of transglutaminase 2 plays an important role in doxorubicin/cisplatin resistance in breast and ovarian cancer. The aims of this study were to verify the role of transglutaminase 2 in cisplatin response in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to study if transglutaminase 2 ...
Birare Narendrakumar - - 2009
PURPOSE: A factor pertinent to the design of cancer chemotherapy is multidrug resistance. Research in this area conventionally involves in vitro models using resistant cell lines generated by continuous low dose drug exposure for many months, unlike the exposure experienced by residual superficial bladder cancer cells during chemotherapy adjuvant to ...
Roberts D L - - 2009
Hypoxia is as an indicator of poor treatment outcome. Consistently, hypoxic HCT116 colorectal cancer cells are resistant to oxaliplatin, although the mechanistic basis is unclear. This study sought to investigate the relative contribution of HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor-1)-mediated gene expression and drug penetrance to oxaliplatin resistance using three-dimensional spheroids. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha ...
Nambu Takeru - - 2010
BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase, generated from the reciprocal chromosomal translocation t(9;22), causes chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). BCR-ABL is inhibited by imatinib; however, several mechanisms of imatinib resistance have been proposed that account for loss of imatinib efficacy in patients with CML. Previously, we showed that overexpression of the efflux drug transporter ...
Shim Gi-seong - - 2009
It has been firmly established that the transcription factor NRF2 is a critical element in the survival of healthy cells in response to oxidative stress because it up-regulates a wide array of antioxidant genes by binding to the antioxidant-response element (ARE). However, adaptive activation of the NRF2 system after an ...
Boivin Marianne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the biological functions of CA125/MUC16 tumor antigen. Here, we examined the role of CA125/MUC16 in regulating the sensitivity of epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) cells to different drugs. METHODS: An endoplasmic reticulum targeted single-chain antibody (scFv) was used to down-regulate cell surface expression of CA125/MUC16 in ...
Ozasa Hiroaki - - 2010
Pemetrexed (MTA) is a multitargeted antifolate with promising clinical activity in lung cancer. We exposed the small cell lung cancer cell line PC6 to stepwise-increasing pemetrexed concentrations of 0.4, 1.6, and 4.0 microm, and established three pemetrexed-resistant lung cancer cell lines: PC6/MTA-0.4, PC6/MTA-1.6, and PC6/MTA-4.0 cells. To investigate the mechanisms ...
Scott Bradley J - - 2009
Cisplatin is one of the most widely used chemotherapeutics in the world today. Unfortunately, chemoresistance often develops hindering the effectiveness of the drug. Mismatch-repair (MMR) and p53 have previously been shown to be important determinants of cisplatin resistance and can contribute to cisplatin resistance clinically. Here, we have used cDNA ...
Bae-Jump Victoria L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors modulate signaling pathways involved in cell cycle progression, and phase 2 trials for endometrial cancer are currently being conducted. Because rapamycin is known to enhance the cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs, the authors' goal was to examine the effects of rapamycin and cisplatin in ...
Sánchez-Fortún Sebastián - - 2009
Metals are often spilled by industries into inland water environments, with adverse consequences. Numerous papers have reported that heavy metals produce massive destruction of algae. Nevertheless, algal populations seem to become tolerant when they have had previous exposures to heavy metals. Because the mechanisms allowing heavy metal tolerance of algae ...
Luo Peihui - - 2009
Study on dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with extracts of Canna indica L., Salvia splendens, Solanum nigrum L. as sensitizers is firstly reported in this paper. DSSCs were assembled by using natural dyes extracted from C. indica L., S. splendens, cowberry and S. nigrum L. as sensitizers. The energy conversion efficiency ...
Sukocheva Olga - - 2009
We previously demonstrated that sphingosine kinase-1 (SphK1) is an important mediator in the cytoplasmic signaling of estrogens, including Ca(2+) mobilization, ERK1/2 activation, and the epidermal growth factor receptor transactivation. Here we report for the first time that SphK1 activity is causally associated with endocrine resistance in MCF-7 human breast cancer ...
Chen Kevin G - - 2009
Malignant melanomas are intrinsically resistant to many conventional treatments, such as radiation and chemotherapy, for reasons that are poorly understood. Here we propose and test a model that explains drug resistance or sensitivity in terms of melanosome dynamics. The growth and sensitivity to cisplatin of MNT-1 cells, which are melanotic ...
Zhao Hui - - 2010
Given that arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) has been successfully used as a chemotherapeutic agent for refractory malignant tumors, this study is aimed at investigating the effect of As(2)O(3) on human Adriamycin resistant osteosarcoma cell line Saos-2. The mechanism underlying multi drug resistance (MDR) in osteosarcoma cells and the anti-tumor effect of ...
Bernard Vladan - - 2010
The effects of low-power ultrasound, the anti-cancer drug cisplatin, and their combined application were studied in two lines of human ovarian carcinoma cells, A2780 and A2780cis. Four modes of treatment were used: exposure to ultrasonic field, application of cisplatin, exposure to ultrasound followed by cisplatin, and presence of cisplatin followed ...
Michaelis Martin - - 2010
Artemisinin derivatives are well-tolerated anti-malaria drugs that also exert anti-cancer activity. Here, we investigated artemisinin and its derivatives dihydroartemisinin and artesunate in a panel of chemosensitive and chemoresistant human neuroblastoma cells as well as in primary neuroblastoma cultures. Only dihydroartemisinin and artesunate affected neuroblastoma cell viability with artesunate being more ...
Du X-L - - 2009
We have shown earlier that overexpression of Calreticulin (CRT) contributed to a poor prognosis for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Here, we have shown an important role of CRT in tumorigenesis through enhancing cell motility and anoikis resistance. SiRNA-mediated knockdown of CRT caused impaired cell migration, invasion and ...
Du Ziyun - - 2009
Interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) has shown promise in the treatment of various cancers. However, the development of IFN resistance is a significant drawback. Using conditions that mimic in vivo selection of IFN-resistant cells, the RST2 IFN-resistant cell line was isolated from the highly IFN-sensitive Daudi human Burkitt lymphoma cell line. The RST2 ...
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