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de Assis Cristiane Fernandes - - 2012
Chitooligosaccharides (COS) are partially hydrolyzed compounds derived from chitosan that exhibit a number of biological activities, including antitumor, antibacterial and antifungal properties. In this work, we examined the cytotoxicity of pure COS and oligomers A, B and C (solutions composed of different amounts of COS) produced by enzymatic hydrolysis using ...
Kim Il-Sup - - 2011
The molecular mechanisms involved in the ability of yeast cells to adapt and respond to oxidative stress are of great interest to the pharmaceutical, medical, food, and fermentation industries. In this study, we investigated the time-dependent, cellular redox homeostasis ability to adapt to menadione-induced oxidative stress, using biochemical and proteomic ...
Suyama Kaori - - 2011
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induces apoptotic cell death by causing the accumulation of structurally abnormal proteins. The 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) is an ER chaperone that regulates protein folding in the ER and has been suggested to contribute to cell survival. Using the rat C6 glioma cell line and flow ...
Lee Huikyong - - 2012
Huntington's disease (HD), an inherited neurodegenerative disorder, is caused by an expansion of cytosine-adenine-guanine repeats in the huntingtin gene. The aggregation of mutant huntingtin (mtHTT) and striatal cell loss are representative features to cause uncontrolled movement and cognitive defect in HD. However, underlying mechanism of mtHTT aggregation and cell toxicity ...
Kim Sahng G - - 2011
AIM: We report an in vitro technique to establish alignment of collagen fibres and cells within a three-dimensional tissue equivalent that mimics the natural periodontal ligament (PDL) using a novel custom-designed bioreactor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Shear stress was applied to the tissue equivalent prepared with collagen solution and seeded with ...
Gregory Elaine K - - 2011
S-nitrosothiols (SNO) release nitric oxide (NO) through interaction with ascorbic acid (AA). However, little is known about their combined effect in the vasculature. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of AA on SNO-mediated NO release, proliferation, cell cycle progression, cell death, and oxidative stress in vascular ...
Cicchetti Rosadele - - 2011
Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are one of the most extensively produced carbon materials and the environmental, public and professional exposure is therefore dramatically increasing. Consequently the studies on bio-effects and safety of SWCNTs are highly needed. The goal of this study was investigate the effects in vitro of SWCNTs in ...
Xu Wanping - - 2011
Ras-deregulated cells require reactive oxygen species for proliferation. They survive the resultant proteotoxic stress by maintaining sufficient levels of reduced glutathione and optimally functioning stress response machinery. In this issue of Cancer Cell, De Raedt et al. identify a novel strategy that utilizes this dependency to cause cell death.
Omura Tomohiro - - 2011
Zonisamide, which is commonly prescribed at high doses (200-400 mg/day) for the treatment of partial seizures, has recently been used at a low dose (25 mg/day) for improving parkinsonian syndrome. However, the molecular mechanisms that underlie the antiparkinsonian effects of zonisamide have not been clarified. Here we show that low micromolar concentrations ...
Hinds Philip - - 2011
Comment on: Akakura, S., et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4656-65.
Suk Jinkyu - - 2011
The activation of autophagic pathway by alkaline stress was investigated. Various types of mammalian cells were subjected to alkaline stress by incubation in bicarbonate buffered media in humidified air containing atmospheric 0.04% CO(2) . The induction of autophagy following alkaline stress was evaluated by assessing the conversion of cytosolic LC3-I ...
Lee Yea-Jin - - 2011
Gaucher disease (GD) is the most common lysosomal storage disorder (LSD) and is divided into three phenotypes, I, II, and III. Type I is the most prevalent form and has its onset in adulthood. The degree of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is one of the factors that determine GD severity. ...
Kratochwill Klaus - - 2012
Exposure of mesothelial cells to peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF) results in cytoprotective cellular stress responses (CSR) that counteract PDF-induced damage. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the CSR may be inadequate in relevant models of peritoneal dialysis (PD) due to insufficient levels of glutamine, resulting in increased vulnerability ...
Dickson David J - - 2011
Stresses imposed on the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 by various compounds present during silica sol-gel encapsulation, including salt, ethanol (EtOH), polyethylene glycol (PEG), glycerol, and glycine betaine, were investigated. Viability of encapsulated cells and photosynthetic activity of cells stressed by immediate (2 min) and 24-h exposure to the five stress-inducing ...
Bayliak Maria M - - 2011
The effect of aqueous extract from R. rosea root on lifespan and the activity of antioxidant enzymes in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been studied. The supplementation of the growth medium with R. rosea extract decreased survival of exponentially growing S. cerevisiae cells under H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative stress, but increased viability ...
Sheeba - - 2011
In the present study, degree of tolerance and tolerance strategies of two paddy field cyanobacteria viz. Nostoc muscorum and Phormidium foveolarum against oxyfluorfen (10 and 20μgml(-1)) and UV-B (7.2kJm(-2)d(-1)) stress were investigated. Oxyfluorfen and UV-B decreased growth, photosynthesis, nutrient uptake, nitrate reductase, acid and alkaline phosphatase activities, which accompanied with ...
O'Leary Olivia F - - 2011
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is an important process in the regulation of cognition, stress responsivity, and sensitivity to antidepressant and mood stabiliser drugs. Increasing evidence suggests that the hippocampus is functionally divided along its axis with the ventral hippocampus (vHi) playing a preferential role in stress- and anxiety-related processes, while the ...
Sun Yang - - 2011
Inorganic arsenic and UV, both human skin carcinogens, may act together as skin co-carcinogens. We find human skin keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) are malignantly transformed by low-level arsenite (100nM, 30weeks; termed As-TM cells) and with transformation concurrently undergo full adaptation to arsenic toxicity involving reduced apoptosis and oxidative stress response to ...
Sorg Robin - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of hydrodynamic stress heterogeneity on metabolism and productivity of an industrial mammalian cell line. For this purpose a novel Lobed Taylor-Couette (LTC) mixing unit combining a narrow distribution of hydrodynamic stresses and a membrane aeration system to prevent cell ...
Gjorevski Nikolce - - 2012
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a phenotypic shift wherein epithelial cells lose or loosen attachments to their neighbors and assume a mesenchymal-like morphology. EMT drives a variety of developmental processes, but may also be adopted by tumor cells during neoplastic progression. EMT is regulated by both biochemical and physical signals from ...
De Franceschi Lucia L Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Policlinico GB Rossi, Verona, Italy. - - 2011
β-thalassemic syndromes are inherited red cell disorders characterized by severe ineffective erythropoiesis and increased levels of reactive oxygen species whose contribution to β-thalassemic anemia is only partially understood. We studied erythroid precursors from normal and β-thalassemic peripheral CD34(+) cells in two-phase liquid culture by proteomic, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction ...
Wojewoda Marta - - 2011
Mitochondrial chronic stress that originates from defective mitochondria is implicated in a growing list of human diseases. To enhance understanding of pathophysiology of chronic mitochondrial dysfunction we investigated human osteosarcoma cells with 2 types of chronic stress: corresponding to the mutation in ATP synthase subunit 6 encoded by mtDNA (NARP ...
Carlsson A E - - 2011
The mechanisms by which cytoskeletal flows and cell-substrate interactions interact to generate cell motion are explored using a simplified model of the cytoskeleton as a viscous gel containing active stresses. This model yields explicit general results relating cell speed and traction forces to the distributions of active stress and cell-substrate ...
Mestres Pau - - 2011
Living cells survive environmentally stressful conditions by initiating a stress response. We monitored changes in the electrophoretic mobility (EPM) of single, optically trapped yeast cells under hyperosmotic stress conditions using optical tweezers combined with a position detector. We studied the dynamics of the EPM stress response for cells at different ...
Barbosa António Daniel - - 2011
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells lacking Isc1p, an orthologue of mammalian neutral sphingomyelinase 2, display a shortened lifespan and an increased sensitivity to oxidative stress. A lipidomic analysis revealed specific changes in sphingolipids that accompanied the premature ageing of Isc1p-deficient cells under severe calorie restriction conditions, including a decrease of dihydrosphingosine levels ...
Vincourt Véronique - - 2011
Energetic failure which occurs in both ischemia/reperfusion and acute drug-induced hepatotoxicity is frequently associated with oxidative stress. This study displays the setting of a new cell culture model for hepatic energetic failure, i.e., HepG2 models modified by etomoxir [ETO] addition [0.1 mM to 1 mM] and compares the cell impact versus tert-butylhydroperoxide ...
Almajano M P - - 2011
Tea is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world and represents an important source of antioxidants mainly catechins that confer beneficial effects in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, age-related disorders or cancer. In the central nervous system, oxidative stress caused by increased production of reactive oxygen ...
Wang Xiaoxue - - 2011
In many genomes, toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems have been identified; however, their role in cell physiology has been unclear. Here we examine the evidence that TA systems are involved in biofilm formation and persister cell formation and that these systems may be important regulators of the switch from the planktonic to ...
Fatma Nigar - - 2011
The multifunctional cytoprotective protein peroxiredoxin 6 (Prdx6) maintains cellular homeostasis and membrane integrity by regulating expression of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and phospholipid turnover. Using cells derived from targeted inactivation of Prdx6 gene or its depletion by RNA interference or aging, we showed that Prdx6 deficiency in cells evoked ...
Malumbres Marcos - - 2011
Oncogenic signaling frequently results in unscheduled overexpression of cell cycle proteins and replicative stress. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Schvartzman et al. show that inactivation of p53 or pRb induces Mad2, and the overexpression of this mitotic checkpoint protein is a necessary event during oncogene-induced mitotic stress.
Tambe Dhananjay T - - 2011
Cells comprising a tissue migrate as part of a collective. How collective processes are coordinated over large multi-cellular assemblies has remained unclear, however, because mechanical stresses exerted at cell-cell junctions have not been accessible experimentally. We report here maps of these stresses within and between cells comprising a monolayer. Within ...
Harper James M - - 2011
Evolutionary senescence theory postulates that aging results from the declining force of natural selection with increasing chronological age. A goal of comparative studies in the biology of aging is to identify genetic and biochemical mechanism(s) driving species-specific differences in the aging process that are the end product of life history ...
He A-Y - - 2011
Previous research has indicated that neuromelanin (NM) is involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in PD sufferers is thought to be related to enhanced tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity and NM production. However, few reports have confirmed this hypothesis. In this study, PC12 ...
Morotomi Takahiko - - 2011
Heat stress during restorative procedures, particularly under severe starvation conditions, can trigger damage to dental pulp. In the present study, we examined effects of heat stress on odontoblastic activity and inflammatory responses in an odontoblast-like cell line (KN-3) under serum-starved conditions. Viability, nuclear structures, and inflammatory responses of KN-3 cells ...
Qureshi Anjum - - 2011
A new capacitive biochip was developed using carboxy-CNT activated gold interdigitated (GID) capacitors immobilized with E. coli cells for the detection of cellular stress caused by chemicals. Here, acetic acid, H(2)O(2) and NaCl were employed as model chemicals to test the biochip and monitored the responses under AC electrical field ...
Lee Geum-Hwa - - 2011
Bax inhibitor-1 (BI-1) is an evolutionarily conserved protein that protects cells against endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress while also affecting the ER stress response. In this study, we examined BI-1-induced regulation of the ER stress response as well as the control of the protein over cell death under ER stress. In ...
Marlatt Michael W - - 2011
Adult neurogenesis in the primate brain is generally accepted to occur primarily in two specific areas; the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) and the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles. Hippocampal neurogenesis is well known to be downregulated by stress and aging in rodents, however ...
Wu Dandan - - 2011
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) has been widely used for 50 years as a safe biopesticide for controlling agricultural and sanitary insect pests because of its insecticidal crystal proteins. In this study a proteomic approach was used to investigate the responses and survival strategies of Bt YBT-1520 under a long-term heat stress ...
Pinn Toby L - - 2011
A 15-year-old gray Arabian gelding presented for evaluation of a lateral limbal mass extending across approximately 30% of the cornea. Grossly, the raised mass appeared nonpigmented, smooth, and irregular in shape, with an area of central necrosis and serosanguinous discharge. The mass was removed via lamellar keratectomy and histopathologic evaluation ...
Li Li - - 2011
Abstract Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is an uncommon chronic destructive granulomatous process of renal parenchyma in association with long-term urinary tract obstruction and infection. It affects females more often than males, with a wide range of age, from newborn to elderly. Almost all patients are symptomatic and the most common symptoms are ...
Nikonenko Alexander G - - 2011
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is widely used to examine thyroid lesions. However, its diagnostic accuracy is limited by the narrow choice of cytopathologic markers indicative of invasive/metastatic powers of a tumor. The aim of this study was to identify features that may serve as such indicators. We have examined FNA ...
Roh Michael H - - 2011
The importance of subclassifying pulmonary nonsmall cell carcinoma (NSCLC) in cytologic material is becoming increasingly paramount. Occasionally, cell blocks traditionally used for ancillary studies are sparsely cellular or acellular. Hence, we investigated the diagnostic utility of immunocytochemistry for Napsin-A, TTF-1, and p63 on direct smears of NSCLC. Immunohistochemistry for Napsin-A ...
Trocme Eric - - 2011
HER3 is a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family and is expressed in several types of cancer. Both cytoplasmic and nuclear appearance of the receptor has been reported. Here we investigate the expression and subcellular distribution of HER3 in uveal melanoma (UM) cells and tissues, and its ...
Farabegoli Fulvia - - 2011
The activation of the EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) signalling pathway is one of the key mechanisms underlying the development of resistance to tamoxifen in breast cancer patients. As EGCG [(-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate], the most active catechin present in green tea, has been shown to down-regulate EGFR, we studied the effects of ...
Irmak Yazicio─člu Meliha Burcu - - 2011
Background/aims: Reactive oxygen species are involved in tumor progression but how they function is not well understood. In this study, we investigated and compared the effects of hydrogen peroxide on the survival, apoptosis, accumulation of oxidative stress, and matrix metalloprotein-7 gene expression on human gastric carcinoma MKN-45 and 23132/87 cells. ...
Lyall Douglas - - 2011
A 7-year-old Caucasian girl presented with a pigmented lesion on the left bulbar conjunctiva that increased in size from 1 mm to 4 mm over a 12-month period. She underwent excision biopsy and reconstruction of the ocular surface with amniotic membrane graft. Histopathology showed the naevus was composed of somewhat swollen naevus ...
Paik Julie Y - - 2011
Recent studies have demonstrated a high frequency of detection of Merkel cell polyomavirus in Merkel cell carcinoma. However, most of these studies are from European or North American centers that have relatively low sun exposure and may have a higher incidence of virus-driven oncogenesis compared with the highly sun-exposed but ...
Petersson Fredrik - - 2011
A case (female, 39 years of) of thyroid-like nasopharyngeal low-grade papillary adenocarcinoma with a significant spindle cell component is presented. The tumor was located on the posterior nasal septum. The spindle cells displayed nuclear features very much similar to the epithelial component and the two cell types merged imperceptibly. Immunohistochemically, the ...
Barbero G - - 2011
The effect of the generation-recombination phenomenon on the electrical impedance of an electrolytic cell is investigated. We show that this phenomenon could be responsible for the appearance of a plateau in the real part of the impedance of the cell. The possibility to observe the plateau, arising from the generation-recombination ...
Murrell Michael - - 2011
Reconstituted systems mimicking cells are interesting tools for understanding the details of cell behavior. Here, we use an experimental system that mimics cellular actin cortices, namely liposomes developing an actin shell close to their inner membrane, and we study their dynamics of spreading. We show that depending on the morphology ...
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