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Results 451 - 500 of 2391
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Purnell Phillip R - - 2009
With the emergence of Src inhibitors in clinical trials, improved knowledge of the molecular responses of cancer cells to these agents is warranted. This will facilitate the development of tests to identify patients who may benefit from these agents, allow drug activity to be monitored and rationalize the combination of ...
Vigodner Margarita - - 2009
Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteins are involved in a variety of cellular processes. Alterations in SUMO conjugation have been implicated in several human diseases, including cancer. Although the main cause of failure in cancer treatment is the development of drug resistance by cancer cells, the mechanisms of drug resistance are ...
Cardin Guillaume B - - 2009
Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic metal that enters the food chain. Following oral ingestion, the intestinal epithelium is the first biological barrier crossed by Cd and is also an important target tissue. In the present study, the human intestinal Caco-2 cell line was used to evaluate the impact of ...
Ferrari Erika - - 2009
New curcumin derivatives are synthesized in order to improve chemical properties of curcumin. The aromatic ring glycosylation of curcumin provides more water-soluble compounds with a greater kinetic stability which is a fundamental feature for drug bioavailability. The glycosylation reaction is quite simple, low cost, with high yield and minimum waste. ...
Gu Tao - - 2009
Osteopontin (OPN) is a multi-functional cytokine involved in cell survival, migration and adhesion which is associated with tumorigenesis, progression and metastasis. However, the role of OPN in chemo-sensitivity of human lung cancer has not yet been elucidated. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of OPN in ...
Lemos C - - 2009
The effect of folate status on breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP)-mediated drug resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted drugs, such as gefitinib and erlotinib, was investigated in two human colon cancer cell lines, WiDr and Caco-2, of which the latter displayed greater sensitivity to these drugs due to high ...
Wu Yu-mei - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to creatively implement a novel chemo-gene-virotherapeutic strategy and further strengthen the antitumor effect in cancer cells by the combined use of ZD55-IL-24 and cisplatin. METHODS: ZD55-IL-24 is an oncolytic adenovirus that harbors interleukin 24 (IL-24), which has a strong antitumor effect and was ...
Zhang Fan - - 2009
Phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2))-activating protein (PLAA) is a novel signaling molecule that regulates eicosanoid production and participates in inflammatory responses. In our current study, we revealed that PLAA production was induced by the chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin in HeLa cervical carcinoma cells. To determine the potential pro-apoptotic effects of PLAA induction by ...
Saiko Philipp - - 2009
Avemar (MSC) is a nontoxic fermented wheat germ extract, which has been shown to significantly improve the survival rate in patients suffering from various malignancies. We investigated its effects in sensitive and 5-FdUrd/Ara-C cross-resistant H9 human lymphoma cells. After 48 and 72 h of incubation, Avemar inhibited the growth of ...
Freeburg Elizabeth M - - 2009
Repopulation of cancer cells escaping lethal chemotherapy is a critical factor hindering treatment success. One strategy to inhibit tumor cell repopulation is the use of cytostatic compounds between courses of lethal chemotherapy. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that mifepristone (MF), a steroid compound with demonstrated growth inhibition activity ...
Lemos Clara - - 2009
As cellular folate levels seem to have a different effect on cancer cells from different origins, we extended our initial study to a broader panel of cancer cells. BCRP and MRP1-5 expression was determined in KB, OVCAR-3, IGROV-1, ZR75-1/R/MTX, SCC-11B, SCC-22B, and WiDr either grown in standard RPMI 1640 containing ...
Nemoto Satoshi - - 2009
The relationship between sphingosine kinase (SPHK), cellular ceramide concentration and chemosensitivity was investigated in human colon cancer cell lines. Among nine colon cancer cell lines, SPHK1 and SPHK2 activity and protein expression was highest in RKO cells and lowest in HCT116 cells. A viability assay revealed that HCT116 cells were ...
Wang Kai-rong - - 2009
As the frequent emergency of resistant tumor cells during treatment, the development of new agents with new modes of action attracts a great deal of interest. Polybia-MPI was a short cationic alpha-helical amphiphilic peptide that has selective toxicity toward cancer cells but no hemolytic activity. Its target selectivity is based ...
Vernole Patrizia - - 2009
Mismatch repair (MMR) has been shown to control homologous recombination (HR) by aborting strand exchange between divergent sequences. We previously demonstrated that MMR-deficient tumour cells are more resistant to chromosomal damage induced by bleomycin (BLM) during the G(2) phase, likely due to the lack of the MMR inhibitory effect on ...
Montopoli M - - 2009
Alteration of appropriate cell-cycle progression and of closely related apoptotic process is a basic feature of tumour cells, and development of new tumour-targeted agents focus on apoptosis, either during cell-cycle arrest or following premature cell-cycle checkpoint exit. Increasingly, epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that curcumin protects against cancer, not only ...
Wang Huamao - - 2009
We investigated whether EGFRvIII contributes to tumorigenicity and resistance to 5-FU in HCC cell lines. Our results show that several HCC cell lines have EGFRvIII expression. EGFRvIII-positive HCC cells grew more rapidly and had a lower sensitivity to 5-FU than EGFRvIII-negative HCC cells. For further analysis of the biological characteristics ...
Capper David - - 2009
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL/Apo2L) is a promising cancer drug. However, many tumours are resistant to TRAIL-based therapies. Glioma cells with stem cell features (SCG), such as CD133 expression and neurosphere formation, have been recently identified to be more resistant to cytotoxic drugs than glioma cells lacking stem-cell-like ...
Flaig Thomas W - - 2009
To investigate the activity of the combination of vandetanib and cytotoxic agents using in vitro models of bladder cancer, as modern chemotherapy regimens are built around cisplatin, with gemcitabine or a taxane such as docetaxel also commonly added in combination for the treatment of advanced bladder cancer. Human bladder cancer ...
Negoro Kenji - - 2009
We previously established H-1R cells, a cisplatin (CDDP)-resistant cell line, from H-1 cells, a CDDP-sensitive oral carcinoma cell line. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular mechanism of cross-resistance to antitumor drugs containing a platinum agent in H-1R cells. The 3-(3,4-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl) 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and clonogenecity ...
Foroodi Faryar - - 2009
Commonly used chemotherapeutic agents for breast cancer treatment include cisplatin, doxorubicin, and paclitaxel. Unfortunately, these effective antiproliferative agents are limited by their toxicities. Previously, we have shown that doxycycline can substantially reduce tumor burden in an animal model of breast cancer bone metastasis. The purpose of this study was to ...
Pornprom Tosapon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Glufosinate-resistant soybean cells were achieved through direct selection of diploid cells in the suspension culture. Here, the mutations in the glutamine synthetase (GS) gene are described to understand the evidence pointing to the functional role of the GS gene in the herbicide sensitivity of the mutant cells. RESULTS: Based ...
Zhao Wenhui - - 2009
Acquired resistance to tamoxifen has become a serious obstacle in breast cancer treatment. The underlying mechanism responsible for this condition has not been completely elucidated. In this study, a tamoxifen-resistant (Tam-R) MCF-7 breast cancer cell line was developed to mimic the occurrence of acquired tamoxifen resistance as seen in clinical ...
Fan Ping - - 2009
This study questioned whether the mechanisms of resistance to antiestrogens differ when acquired under premenopausal (Pre-M) vs. postmenopausal (PM) conditions and whether structurally diverse antiestrogens induce adaptation of differing signaling pathways. To address this issue, we conducted systematic studies under Pre-M vs. PM culture conditions with long-term exposure to different ...
Morré D James - - 2009
Phenoxodiol is an experimental anticancer drug under development as a chemosensitizer intended to reverse multidrug resistance mechanisms in ovarian and prostate cancer cells to most standard cytotoxics. The putative molecular target of phenoxodiol is a cell-surface, tumor-specific NADH oxidase, ENOX2 (tNOX), with phenoxodiol having no apparent effect on the constitutive ...
Haddad Yasmine Y Department of Urology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2009
Although the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in a majority of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), only a minority of patients derive substantial clinical benefit from EGFR inhibitors. We initiated the present study to identify the mechanisms underlying erlotinib resistance in a panel of HNSCC cell ...
Leonhardt Karoline - - 2009
Cisplatin is a widely used chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of ovarian, testicular, lung, and stomach cancers. The initial response to the drug is robust; however, tumor cells commonly develop resistance to cisplatin, which complicates treatment. Recently, overexpression of the Cu-ATPase ATP7B in ovary cells was linked to the increased cellular ...
Huang, Sheng-Dong
Abstract Background p75 NTR has been used to isolate esophageal and corneal epithelial stem cells. In the present study, we investigated the expression of p75 NTR in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and explored the biological properties of p75 NTR+ cells. Methods p75 NTR expression in ESCC was assessed by ...
Ling Yi-He - - 2009
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), an N-glycosylated transmembrane protein, is the target of erlotinib, an orally bioavailable agent approved for treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we examined whether inhibition of EGFR N-glycosylation and stimulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by tunicamycin enhances ...
Naumann S C - - 2009
Malignant melanomas are highly resistant to chemotherapy. First-line chemotherapeutics used in melanoma therapy are the methylating agents dacarbazine (DTIC) and temozolomide (TMZ) and the chloroethylating agents BCNU and fotemustine. Here, we determined the mode of cell death in 11 melanoma cell lines upon exposure to TMZ and fotemustine. We show ...
Freeburg Elizabeth M - - 2009
The prototypical antiprogestin mifepristone exhibits potent growth inhibition activity towards ovarian cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this research was to establish whether mifepristone is capable of inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing apoptotic cell death regardless of the degree of sensitivity ovarian cancer cells exhibit to ...
Yang Jun-Xia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the biological characteristics and resistant mechanisms of the cisplatin-resistant human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line. METHODS: The study took place in the Department of Pharmacology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China, between April 2005 and November 2007. A resistant HCC cell line (QGY/CDDP) was established by stepwise increasing ...
Shi Degang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The relapse of cancer after radiotherapy is a clinical knotty problem. Previous studies have demonstrated that the elevation of several factors is likely in some way to lead to the development of treatment tolerance, so it is necessary to further explore the problem of re-proliferated radioresistant cells to chemotherapeutic ...
Bessho Yuji - - 2009
The non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells SK-LC6 and NCI-H23 were continuously exposed to vinorelbine (VNB), and the VNB-resistant clones, SK-LC6/VNB and H23/VNB were selected. Since SK-LS6/VNB and H23/VNB cells showed cross-resistance to certain anticancer drugs, such as paclitaxel and docetaxel, we examined the gene expression levels of drug efflux ...
Lei Wenbin - - 2009
The cytotoxic effects and mechanism of action of cisplatin and the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin on Hep-2 laryngeal cancer cells were investigated. Hep-2 cells were cultured in the presence of different concentrations of rapamycin, cisplatin, or the two combined. Inhibition of cell growth, apoptosis, and AKT, mTOR, S6K, and ERCC1 protein ...
Schrödl Kathrin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy often leads to encouraging responses in lung cancer. But, in the course of the treatment, resistance to chemotherapy ultimately limits the life expectancy of the patient. We aimed at investigating if treatment with cisplatin alters the intracellular Ca2+-homeostasis of lung cancer cells and how this may be related ...
Huang Sheng-Dong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: p75NTR has been used to isolate esophageal and corneal epithelial stem cells. In the present study, we investigated the expression of p75NTR in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and explored the biological properties of p75NTR+ cells. METHODS: p75NTR expression in ESCC was assessed by immunohistochemistry. p75NTR+ and p75NTR- cells ...
Duraj J - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a new synthetic isothiocyanate derivative, ethyl 4-isothiocyanatobutanoate (E-4IB) and cisplatin (CDDP) in CDDP-sensitive human ovarian carcinoma cell line (A2780) and its resistant subline (A2780/CP). In parental cells, in comparison to untreated cells, sequential administration of both compounds led to ...
Young Kaylie L - - 2009
Monodisperse Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs) originally synthesized with a hydrophobic oleylamine capping ligand were made water soluble and conjugated to the anticancer drug Methotrexate (MTX) using a new chemistry based on the readily available linker trichloro-s-triazine (TsT). This new linker is much more versatile than those that currently exist for attaching ...
Bachmeier Beatrice E - - 2009
Curcumin induces apoptosis in many cancer cells and it reduces xenograft growth and the formation of lung metastases in nude mice. Moreover, the plant derived polyphenol has been reported to be able to overcome drug resistance to classical chemotherapy. These features render the drug a promising candidate for tumor therapy ...
Costa José L - - 2009
The active form of Vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D), has strong anti-proliferative effects, yet the molecular mechanisms underneath this effect remain unclear. In contrast, the molecular mechanism of 1,25D for the regulation of calcium homeostasis has principally been resolved, demonstrating a pivotal role for the vitamin D receptor (VDR). We ...
Vazquez-Martin Alejandro - - 2009
Autophagy has been emerging as a novel cytoprotective mechanism to increase tumor cell survival under conditions of metabolic stress and hypoxia as well as to escape chemotherapy-induced cell death. To elucidate whether autophagy might also protect cancer cells from the growth inhibitory effects of targeted therapies, we evaluated the autophagic ...
Wangpaichitr Medhi - - 2009
Cisplatin is an important chemotherapeutic agent in lung cancer treatment. The mechanism of drug resistance to cisplatin is complex and historically has been difficult to overcome. We report here that cisplatin resistant lung cancer cell lines possess high basal levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) when compared to normal cells ...
Czyzewski K K Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland. - - 2009
An increasing resistance to imatinib is an emerging problem in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The aim of the study was to asses mechanisms related to cellular drug resistance in imatinib-resistant derivates of chronic myeloid leukemia K-562 cell line. A parental K-562 and its imatinib-resistant derivate cell lines were ...
Zimmerman Eric I - - 2009
The genetic basis for the Ara-C resistance of CCRF-CEM Ara-C/8C leukemia cells was investigated. DNA sequencing revealed that these cells expressed an equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (ENT1) with a single missense mutation resulting in glycine to arginine replacement (G24R). To test the importance of this residue, additional G24 mutants were ...
Hagmann Wolfgang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is characterized by high resistance to chemotherapy. Such chemoresistance can be mediated by multidrug resistance proteins (MRPs), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), and MDR1 P-glycoprotein. However, the contribution of individual MRP isoforms to chemoresistance in pancreatic carcinoma is unclear. We studied ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter expression in ...
Mine Takashi T Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2009
Cancer stem cells (CSC) are resistant to chemo- and radiotherapy. To eliminate cells with phenotypic markers of CSC-like we characterized: (1) expression of CD44, CD24, CD133 and MIC-A/B (NKG2 receptors) in breast (MCF7) and ovarian (SK-OV-3) cells resistant to gemcitabine (GEM), paclitaxel (PTX) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and (2) their elimination ...
Tsutani Yasuhiro - - 2008
To elucidate the mechanism of resistance to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in human gastric cancer cells, we established a cell line MKN45/F2R, which acquired 5-FU resistance as a result of continuous exposure to increasing dosages of 5-FU over a year. The cell line showed 157-fold elevated 5-FU resistance compared to the MKN45 ...
Lu Linrong L Department of Cancer Immunology & AIDS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2008
Research into the suppressive activity of CD4(+)FoxP3(+) T regulatory cells (Treg) has defined a sublineage of CD4(+) cells that contribute to self-tolerance and resistance to autoimmune disease. Much less attention has been given to the potential contribution of regulatory sublineages of CD8(+) cells. Analysis of a small fraction of CD8(+) ...
Al Mamun Abu Amar M - - 2009
As a first step towards describing the role of proteolysis in maintaining genomic integrity, we have determined the effect of the loss of ClpXP, a major energy-dependent cytoplasmic protease that degrades truncated proteins as well as a number of regulatory proteins, on spontaneous mutagenesis. In a rifampicin-sensitive to rifampicin-resistance assay ...
Rabik Cara A - - 2009
Copper transporters have been proposed to be involved in cellular import and export of platinating agents. Expression of the human copper transporter 1 (hCtr1) is thought to result in increased sensitivity to cisplatin, whereas expression of ATP7A and ATP7B are thought to be involved in resistance to cisplatin either by ...
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