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Alexandrow Mark G - - 2012
Multiple studies from independent groups find evidence for signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) activation in nearly 50% of lung cancers, suggesting a functional role for this target in subsets of lung cancer. On the basis of the existing evidence, we hypothesized that bioavailable curcuminoid complex may modulate ...
Koeppen Katja - - 2012
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), a Cl(-) channel in airway epithelial cells, plays an important role in maintaining the volume of the airway surface liquid and therefore mucociliary clearance of respiratory pathogens. A recent study has shown that the E3 ubiquitin ligase Neural precursor cells expressed developmentally downregulated ...
Anderson Kristin G KG Department of Microbiology, Center for Immunology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2012
Nonlymphoid T cell populations control local infections and contribute to inflammatory diseases, thus driving efforts to understand the regulation of their migration, differentiation, and maintenance. Numerous observations indicate that T cell trafficking and differentiation within the lung are starkly different from what has been described in most nonlymphoid tissues, including ...
Li Mi - - 2012
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) provides a new technology to visualize the cellular topography and quantify the molecular interactions at nanometer spatial resolution. In this work, AFM was used to image the cellular topography and measure the molecular force of pathological cells from B-cell lymphoma patients. After the fluorescence staining, cancer ...
Crabtree Juliet N - - 2012
Infection with Cryptococcus neoformans begins when desiccated yeast cells or spores are inhaled and lodge in the alveoli of the lungs. A subset of cryptococcal cells in the lungs differentiate into enlarged cells, referred to as titan cells. Titan cells can be as large as 50 to 100 μm in ...
Ustiyan Vladimir - - 2012
Respiratory epithelial cells are derived from cell progenitors in the foregut endoderm that subsequently differentiate into the distinct cell types lining the conducting and alveolar regions of the lung. To identify transcriptional mechanisms regulating differentiation and maintenance of respiratory epithelial cells, we conditionally deleted Foxm1 transcription factor from the conducting ...
Noble Paul W - - 2012
The lung is a complex organ with multiple functions; in addition to facilitating gas exchange, it also serves as the first line of defense against inhaled environmental pathogens and toxins. Given these critical roles, disruption of normal cell function or cell-cell interactions can have devastating health consequences. The articles of ...
Milara J - - 2012
Mucociliary malfunction occurs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and compromised functions of ciliated bronchial epithelial cells may contribute to this. Cigarette smoke, a major risk factor for COPD, impairs ciliary beat frequency (CBF). cAMP augments CBF. This in vitro study addressed, in differentiated, primary human bronchial epithelial cells, whether ...
Salinas-Souza Carolina C Genetics Laboratory, Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Oncology Institute (IOP/GRAACC/UNIFESP), Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Botucatu, 743-8° andar, São Paulo, SP, 04023-062, - - 2013
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most frequent malignant bone tumour in children and adolescents. In metastatic patients, the most common site of metastasis is the lung. There are relatively few cell lines of metastatic OS reported in the literature and the cytogenetic aspects of OS metastases are still controversial and inconclusive. ...
Hampton Thomas H - - 2012
In the clinical setting, mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene enhance the inflammatory response in the lung to Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) infection. However, studies on human airway epithelial cells in vitro have produced conflicting results regarding the effect of mutations in CFTR on the inflammatory ...
Courcot Elisabeth - - 2012
Numerous lung cell lines are currently used as in vitro models for pharmacological and toxicological studies. However, no exhaustive report about the metabolic capacities of these models in comparison with those of lung tissues is available. In the present study, we used a high throughput quantitative real-time RT-PCR strategy to ...
Guha Arjun - - 2012
Clara cells of mammalian airways have multiple functions and are morphologically heterogeneous. Although Notch signaling is essential for the development of these cells, it is unclear how Notch influences Clara cell specification and if diversity is established among Clara cell precursors. Here we identify expression of the secretoglobin Scgb3a2 and ...
Zhang Dandan - - 2012
Mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) is an important mitochondrial protein in maintaining mitochondrial network and bioenergetics. Recently, Mfn2 has been reported to have a potential role in regulating cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation in many cell types. In this study, we performed immunohistochemistry, pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) DNA analysis, proliferating ...
Lesma Elena - - 2012
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is an interstitial lung disease characterized by invasion and proliferation of abnormal smooth muscle (ASM) cells in lung parenchyma and axial lymphatics. LAM cells bear mutations in tuberous sclerosis (TSC) genes. TSC2(-/-) ASM cells, derived from a human renal angiomyolipoma, require epidermal growth factor (EGF) for proliferation. Blockade ...
Zhu Xiaoxia - - 2012
Metastasis-associated gene 1 (MTA1) is involved in the carcinogenesis and metastasis of many human carcinomas. However, its exact role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still unclear. Using immunohistochemistry analysis, we recently identified MTA1 to be associated with the progression of NSCLC. Here, we carried out further analysis on ...
Tamminen Jenni A - - 2012
The inhalation of asbestos fibers is considered to be highly harmful, and lead to fibrotic and/or malignant disease. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a common pathogenic mechanism in asbestos associated fibrotic (asbestosis) and malignant lung diseases. The characterization of molecular pathways contributing to EMT may provide new possibilities for prognostic and ...
Silberberg Yaron R - - 2012
A cell diagnosis technique was developed, which uses an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) and an ultra-thin AFM probe sharpened to a diameter of 200nm (nanoneedle). Due to the high aspect ratio of the nanoneedle, it was successfully inserted into a living cell without affecting its viability. Furthermore, by functionalizing the ...
Zhang Siyang - - 2012
AIMS:: We have confirmed that suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) is silenced and proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2) is over-expressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of SOCS3 and Pyk2 expression in NSCLC, and the effects of SOCS3 up-regulation ...
El-Hashash Ahmed H K - - 2012
Proper balance between self-renewal and differentiation of lung-specific progenitors is absolutely required for normal lung morphogenesis/regeneration. Therefore, understanding the behavior of lung epithelial stem/progenitor cells could identify innovative solutions for restoring normal lung morphogenesis and/or regeneration. The Notch inhibitor Numb is a key determinant of asymmetric or symmetric cell division ...
Kunzelmann Karl - - 2012
Airways consist of a heterogeneous population of cells, comprising ciliated cells, Clara cells and goblet cells. Electrolyte secretion by the airways is necessary to produce the airway surface liquid that allows for mucociliary clearance of the lungs. Secretion is driven by opening of Cl(-) selective ion channels in the apical ...
Craddick Michael - - 2012
Mannheimia haemolytica, one of the agents associated with bovine respiratory disease complex, can cause severe lung pathology including the leakage of vascular products into the airways and alveoli. Previous work by this laboratory has demonstrated that bovine lung endothelial and epithelial cells undergo dramatic permeability increases when exposed to adenosine-5'-triphosphate ...
Li Shanru S Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2012
The molecular pathways regulating cell lineage determination and regeneration in epithelial tissues are poorly understood. The secretory epithelium of the lung is required for production of mucus to help protect the lung against environmental insults, including pathogens and pollution, that can lead to debilitating diseases such as asthma and chronic ...
Gastonguay Adam - - 2012
The small GTPase Rac1 regulates many cellular processes, including cytoskeletal reorganization, cell migration, proliferation, and survival. Additionally, Rac1 plays a major role in activating NF-κB-mediated transcription. Both Rac1 and NF-κB regulate many properties of the malignant phenotype, including anchorage-independent proliferation and survival, metastasis, and angiogenesis. Despite these findings, the roles ...
Nimishakavi Shilpa - - 2012
Prostasin is a membrane-anchored protease expressed in airway epithelium, where it stimulates salt and water uptake by cleaving the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC). Prostasin is activated by another transmembrane tryptic protease, matriptase. Because ENaC-mediated dehydration contributes to cystic fibrosis (CF), prostasin and matriptase are potential therapeutic targets, but their catalytic ...
Park Won Young - - 2012
Whereas most carcinomas occur through a sequential step, atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and bronchioloalveolar carcinoma pathway is known for pulmonary adenocarcinoma. This type is known as terminal respiratory unit adenocarcinoma. Based on our observation of transitions from normal ciliated columnar cells to adenocarcinoma via dysplastic mucous columnar cells, we reviewed our ...
Okagaki Laura H - - 2012
The human fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans produces an enlarged "titan" cell morphology when exposed to the host pulmonary environment. Titan cells exhibit traits that promote survival in the host. Previous studies showed that titan cells are not phagocytosed and that increased titan cell production in the lungs results in reduced ...
Ushiku Tetsuo - - 2012
Ushiku T, Shinozaki-Ushiku A, Maeda D, Morita S & Fukayama M (2012) Histopathology Distinct expression pattern of claudin-6, a primitive phenotypic tight junction molecule, in germ cell tumours and visceral carcinomas Aims:  This study aimed to clarify claudin-6 expression patterns in cancers. Methods and results:  We surveyed claudin-6 expression by ...
Stueckle Todd A - - 2012
Chronic arsenic exposure remains a human health risk; however a clear mode of action to understand gene signaling-driven arsenic carcinogenesis is currently lacking. This study chronically exposed human lung epithelial BEAS-2B cells to low-dose arsenic trioxide to elucidate cancer promoting gene signaling networks associated with arsenic-transformed (B-As) cells. Following a ...
Rammah Mayyasa - - 2012
While waterpipe tobacco smoking has become a global phenomenon, its potential health consequences are poorly understood. In this manuscript, we report the in vitro mutagenicity of waterpipe smoke condensate (WSC), the alteration in cellular parameters of lung alveolar cells in response to WSC exposure and discuss the implication of cellular ...
Rayamajhi M - - 2012
Sampling of mucosal antigens regulates immune responses but may also promote dissemination of mucosal pathogens. Lung dendritic cells (LDCs) capture antigens and traffic them to lung-draining lymph nodes (LDLNs) dependent on the chemokine receptor CCR7 (chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 7). LDCs also capture lung pathogens such as Bacillus anthracis (BA). ...
Wang He - - 2012
The dispersants used in oil spill disasters are claimed to be safe, but increased solubility of high-molecular-weight components in crude oil is of public health concern. The water-accommodated fractions (WAF) of crude oil mixed with dispersants may become airborne and cause lung epithelial damage when inhaled. This study was designed ...
Hu Huajun - - 2012
MicroRNAs have been reported to be closely related to the development of human lung cancers. However, the functions of microRNAs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain largely undefined. Here, we investigated the role of microRNA-193b (miR-193b) in NSCLC. Our data showed that miR-193b was markedly down-regulated in NSCLC cancer ...
Gerasimovskaya Evgenia - - 2012
In severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), vascular lesions are composed of phenotypically altered vascular and inflammatory cells that form clusters or tumorlets. Because macrophages are found in increased numbers in intravascular and perivascular space in human PAH, here we address the question whether macrophages play a role in pulmonary vascular ...
Masunaga S - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of employing a (10)B-carrier and manipulating intratumour hypoxia on local tumour response and lung metastatic potential in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) by measuring the response of intratumour quiescent (Q) cells. B16-BL6 melanoma tumour-bearing C57BL/6 mice were continuously given 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) to label all proliferating (P) ...
Tsang Allison R - - 2012
Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein reverse transcriptase that synthesizes specific DNA repeats, or telomeric DNA, at the ends of chromosomes. Telomerase is minimally composed of a protein subunit, TERT, and an RNA component, TR. Aberrant telomerase activity has been associated with most human cancers and several premature aging diseases, such as ...
Kim Hyun-Ju - - 2012
Med1/TRAP220 is an essential component of the TRAP/Mediator complex. In this study, we present a novel function of Med1 in human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression. We found that the loss of Med1 expression was strongly associated with increased rates of invasion and metastasis in NSCLC patients. Consistent with lung ...
Tian Tian - - 2012
Due to accelerated energy consumption, enhanced function of mitochondria in tumour cells compared to normal cells is prerequisite for tumour development. Leucine-rich pentatricopeptide repeat motif-containing protein (LRPPRC) regulates the expression of all mitochondrial DNA-encoded mRNAs, thus plays an important role in the mitochondrial function. LRPPRC is abundantly expressed in the ...
Ogawa Kumiko - - 2012
To reduce cancer mortality, understanding of mechanisms of cancer metastasis is crucial. We have established 6 rat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines which exhibit differing metastatic potential to the lung after inoculation into the tail veins of nude mice. In the present experiment, we investigated the process of cell attachment ...
Zheng Yonghua - - 2012
Multiple cells play critical roles in the pathogenesis of lung diseases, even though the exact mechanisms are still not clear. Telocytes are characterized by telopodes, which are thin and long prolongations, and a small amount of cytoplasm rich with mitochondria, as shown by immune-positive staining against CD34, c-kit and vimentin. ...
Zhang Xiaoying - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 21-25 nt long non-coding RNA that modulate various biological processes, including developmental timing via regulating the expression of their target genes. One critical determinant of normal postnatal lung architecture is septation, and there are many miRNAs involved in the development process. miR-134 is reported as a powerful inducer ...
Nastrucci Candida - - 2012
This review examines the role of a7-nAChR in different types of airways epithelial cells of the normal human bronchial tree. In each of these cells a7-nAChR activation elicits a specific effect. The effect is essentially mitogenic, whereas in the airway basal cells is antiproliferative. It is postulated that a7-nAChR may ...
Sun Yung-Shin - - 2012
In this paper, we report a new method to incorporate 3D scaffold with electrotaxis measurement in the microfluidic device. The electrotactic response of lung cancer cells in the 3D foam scaffolds which resemble the in vivo pulmonary alveoli may give more insight on cellular behaviors in vivo. The 3D scaffold ...
Lee You Jin - - 2012
Activity-guided fractionation of an 80% EtOH extract from the aerial parts of Saururus chinensis led to isolation of three anti-proliferative neolignans (1-3) along with four flavonoids (4-7) and four aristolactams (8-11). Their chemical structures were identified by analysis of spectroscopic data. All compounds 1-11 were evaluated for their activities against ...
Gregson Lea - - 2012
Cellular bilayer models can be used to simulate many biological compartments. Here, we describe a cell culture model of the human alveolus that enables the study of early invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. The cellular bilayer is constructed with human alveolar epithelial cells and human pulmonary artery endothelial cells. The cells are ...
Burr Lucy - - 2012
Langerhans' cell histiocytosis is a proliferative disease of the dendritic cell lineage. It usually has a characteristic radiological presentation of apical nodules and small cysts occurring predominantly in young adult smokers. Here we report a case of multisystem Langerhans cell histiocytosis in a 75-year-old woman with unusual chest radiology.
Olloquequi J - - 2012
Among all inflammatory cells involved in COPD, those with a cytolytic or elastolytic activity are thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of the disease. However, there is no data about the infiltration of cells expressing the CD57 marker in small airways and parenchyma of COPD patients. In ...
Lomas Nicola J - - 2012
This study explored the cellular and biological interrelationships involved in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) lung tissue remodelling using immunohistochemical analysis. IPF and control lung tissues were examined for localisation of Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition (EMT), proliferation and growth factor markers assessing their relationship to key histological aberrations. E-cadherin was expressed in ...
Gauthier Thierry - - 2012
Inhalation of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia can cause severe aspergillosis in immunosuppressed people. A. fumigatus produces a large number of secondary metabolites, some of which are airborne by conidia and whose toxicity to the respiratory tract has not been investigated. We found that spores of A. fumigatus contain five main compounds, ...
Surova Olga - - 2012
Recent studies underline the important role of microRNAs (miRNA) in the development of lung cancer. The main regulators of miRNA biogenesis are the ribonucleases Drosha, Dicer and Ago2. Here the role of core proteins of miRNA biogenesis machinery in the response of human non-small and small cell lung carcinoma cell ...
Xu Xiuling - - 2012
Although it is well known that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is involved in lung cancer progression, whether EGFR contributes to lung epithelial cell transformation is less clear. Mucin 1 (MUC1 in human and Muc1 in animals), a glycoprotein component of airway mucus, is overexpressed in lung tumors; however, its ...
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