Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1313
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Kidon M Iancovici - - 2003
Skin prick test (SPT), as the standard diagnostic tool for immediate hypersensitivity to aeroallergens, is an expression of IgE-dependent mediator release from dermal mast cells. Though probably involved in the late-phase response, peripheral blood basophils (PBB) don't seem to participate in the immediate hypersensitivity response in the skin. We aimed ...
Mittelbrunn María - - 2002
The tetraspanin CD81 has been involved in T-dependent B cell-mediated immune responses. However, the behavior of CD81 during immune synapse (IS) formation has not been elucidated. We determined herein that CD81 redistributed to the contact area of T cell-B cell and T cell-dendritic cell conjugates in an Ag-dependent manner. Confocal ...
Yoshinaga Takaharu - - 2002
In spite of the important roles of dendritic cells in DNA-based therapies, the cellular uptake mechanism of plasmid DNA (pDNA) in dendritic cells is poorly understood. The present study was undertaken to investigate the binding and uptake of pDNA in vitro using a murine dendritic cell line, DC2.4 cells. A ...
Taira Kayo - - 2002
The distributions of Merkel cells and Langerhans cells within human hair follicles have been reported. However, there has been no description of the relationship between Merkel cells and Langerhans cells, which were discovered by 19th century German pathologists. Merkel cells and Langerhans cells share some similar characteristics such as the ...
Lupi A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Prolidase deficiency is a rare genetic disorder for which a cure has not yet been found. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of apheresis exchange as a new therapeutic approach. METHODS: Apheresis exchanges were repeated monthly for four consecutive months, in parallel, on two patients, replacing prolidase-deficient red blood cells ...
Bolte Gabriele - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Early exposure to bacterial endotoxin has been proposed to protect against allergy development in children. Whether endotoxin is able to direct T-cell differentiation into a predominance of type 1 immunity is still unresolved. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the effects of endotoxin and mite and cat allergens on T-cell ...
Pérez-Torres Armando - - 2002
Langerhans cells are dendritic leucocytes which reside mainly within stratified squamous epithelia of skin and mucosa. Their visualization requires the use of ATPase histochemistry, electron microscopy for identifying the unique trilaminar cytoplasmic organelles (the Langerhans cell granules or Birbeck granules), and the expression of major histocompatibility complex class II molecules. ...
Burkert Kelly L - - 2002
The term 'Langerhans cell microgranuloma' (LCM) was introduced a decade ago to draw attention to focal collections of these cells within the epidermal layer that develops during certain immune reactions. In spite of a growing awareness of this phenomenon during the past decade, few reports have focused on the development ...
Seo Koo Il - - 2002
Epidermal Langerhans cells are potent antigen-presenting cells in the epidermis. The establishment of a cryopreservation method for human Langerhans cells would greatly contribute to our ability to successfully conduct various experiments dealing with Langerhans cells. Since Langerhans cells are known to be sensitive to cold injury, there have been no ...
Dillon K M - - 2002
This report describes a recurrent sarcoma involving the soft tissues of the posterior mediastinum with features of both follicular dendritic and interdigitating dendritic cells. Histologically, the tumour, which was a recurrent neoplasm 19 years after the initial removal, was composed of bland spindle shaped cells with interspersed inflammatory cells, predominantly ...
Pinkus Geraldine S - - 2002
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a clonal disorder believed to be derivedfrom cells of the dendritic system. Fascin, a 55-kd actin-bundling protein, represents a highly selective marker for dendritic cells of lymphoid tissues and peripheral blood and is involved in the formation of dendritic processes in maturing epidermal Langerhans cells. ...
Gupta Anu - - 2002
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Herein we describe documented skeletal and pericardial involvement by ECD producing cardiac tamponade in a 30-year-old woman. The diagnosis of ECD was established by histopathology, immunocytochemistry, and by radiologic studies demonstrating diffuse, bilateral, symmetrical osteosclerosis of the long bones, ...
Heffler L C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We know little of the initial events during the sensitization phase of contact allergy in humans. Alopecia areata (AA), a disease of unknown pathogenesis characterized by patchy hair loss, may be treated by inducing contact allergy to diphenylcyclopropenone (DPC), later followed by its topical application. OBJECTIVES: To learn more ...
Han Rong R Cutaneous Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, - - 2002
In mammalian skin, melanin is produced by melanocytes and transferred to epithelial cells, with the epithelial cells thought to receive pigment only and not generate it. Melanin formation requires the enzyme tyrosinase, which catalyzes multiple reactions in the melanin biosynthetic pathway. Here, we reassess cutaneous melanogenesis using tyramide-based tyrosinase assay ...
Noirey Nadège - - 2002
Langerhans cells (LC) are dendritic cells that capture foreign antigens and migrate with them to the regional lymph nodes where they are presented to naive T cells. The possible role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in migration was suggested following experiments in a mouse model and in human skin explants. Using ...
Kumar Perikala V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) of the lymph nodes has been described rarely. CASES: LCH was confined to the lymph nodes in six children. The FNA smears showed high cellularity composed of many isolated Langerhans cells (LCs) with nuclear grooves and intranuclear inclusions. Also ...
Fung Kar-Ming - - 2002
A 29-year-old woman had a 2-month history of an enlarging lesion over her left frontal bone following minor trauma. CT scan showed an osteolytic lesion with an overlying soft tissue mass, thought to be an unhealed skull fracture with pseudomeningocele. Left frontal craniotomy revealed a soft tissue mass, which was ...
Sánchez M A - - 2002
We explored the effects of microwave irradiation on epidermal-dermal separation and subsequent immunostaining of epidermal cells. Epidermal sheets were obtained after incubation in 0.02 M EDTA in PBS and microwave irradiation with 4 pulses of 420 watts for 5 sec, with a total incubation period of 4 min. The control ...
Morhenn Vera B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Foreign substances have been introduced into the human body with varying degrees of success. Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) microspheres of different sizes recently have been manufactured for use as a filler substances in the skin and other organs. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the size of PMMA microspheres determines whether various cell ...
Reinhard G - - 2002
Dendritic cells play a major role in the generation of immunity against tumour cells. They can be grown under various culture conditions, which influence the phenotypical and functional properties of dendritic cells and thereby the consecutive immune response mainly executed by T cells. Here we discuss various conditions, which are ...
Kölgen Wendy - - 2002
Ultraviolet B radiation can suppress cellular immunity. One of the mechanisms related to this immunosuppression is the disappearance of Langerhans cells from the epidermis. The aim of this study was to establish the mechanism of ultraviolet B-induced Langerhans cell disappearance in healthy individuals. The two most likely mechanisms for Langerhans ...
Fernàndez-Busquets Xavier - - 2002
Sponge immunocyte identification is of interest to comparative immunologists since characterizing these cells will allow investigations into the mechanisms of non-self recognition in the oldest animal phylum. Here, we report that polyclonal antibodies raised against the core protein of a proteoglycan involved in cell adhesion in the marine sponge Microciona ...
Ginzburg Val E - - 2002
The semaphorin family comprises secreted and transmembrane proteins involved in axon guidance and cell migration. We have isolated and characterized deletion mutants of C. elegans semaphorin 1a (Ce-sema-1a or smp-1) and semaphorin 1b (Ce-sema-1b or smp-2) genes. Both mutants exhibit defects in epidermal functions. For example, the R1.a-derived ray precursor ...
Ratzinger Gudrun - - 2002
Dendritic cells migrate from the skin to the draining lymph nodes. They transport immunogenic MHC-peptide complexes, present them to Ag-specific T cells in the T areas, and thus generate immunity. Migrating dendritic cells encounter physical obstacles, such as basement membranes and collagen meshwork. Prior work has revealed that matrix metalloproteinase-9 ...
Glazier Kim S - - 2002
Peptide acquisition by MHC class II molecules is catalyzed by HLA-DM (DM). In B cells, HLA-DO (DO) inhibits or modifies the peptide exchange activity of DM. We show here that DO protein levels are modulated during B cell differentiation. Remarkably, germinal center (GC) B cells, which have low levels of ...
Kawachi Kae - - 2002
Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma is an extremely rare neoplasm that mainly occurs in the lymph nodes. We report a case of interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma arising from the spleen, a previously unreported site for interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma. An 87-year-old woman, visiting Ashigara Hospital with complaints of palpitation and dyspnea, ...
Lu Dong Qing - - 2002
A study was conducted to determine the number and distribution of interstitial cells lining the epidermis of normal human skin from various anatomical locations. Five to seven normal human skin specimens per each anatomical site were collected from surgical specimens, mostly with pigmented nevi. Ten anatomical locations were classified; and ...
Yamate Jyoji - - 2002
A transplantable tumor line (KB) was established in syngeneic rats from a naturally occurring sarcoma that had arisen in the thymus of a 24-month-old male F344 rat. Further, a cell line (KB-P) was induced from KB and a cloned cell line (KB-D8) was isolated from KB-P. The primary thymic tumor ...
Wollenberg Andreas - - 2002
The capability to take up mannosylated protein antigens is important for the biologic function of dendritic cells, as many glycoproteins derived from bacteria and fungi, e.g., Malassezia furfur, are mannosylated. The expression of the mannose receptor CD206 has been regarded a differentiation hallmark of immature dendritic cells, whereas monocytes and ...
Bobryshev Yuri V - - 2002
Overexpression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) is an important means of cell protection during physiologic stress such as occurs during atherogenesis. Immune responses are early events in atherosclerosis, with recent studies indicating that both humoral and cellular autoimmune processes in atherogenesis are directed toward HSPs. Dendritic cells are the key ...
Abiko Yoshihiro - - 2002
Human beta defensin 2 (hBD-2) is a major antimicrobial peptide that is produced by many types of epithelial cells, and is transcriptionally inducible by various proinflammatory agents, such as cytokines and bacteria. Although in vitro studies of the hBDs in oral epithelial cells have been well documented, only little is ...
Wollenberg Andreas - - 2002
A 13-year-old girl developed a non-pruritic pityriasis rosea-like rash, which did not respond to topical corticosteroids or UV therapy but persisted for 2 years. The lymphohistiocytic infiltrate in the upper dermis showed mononuclear cells immunoreactive with S100, CD68, factor XIIIa and CD1a. Electron microscopic evaluation of these cells demonstrated lamellated ...
Malcotti V - - 2002
Dorsal skin responses to a subchronic UVB-irradiation (10kJ/m2/rat /day), were examined in Wistar-derived hypotrichotic WBN/ILA-Ht rats for up to 3 months. Hyperplasia of epidermal cells and hair follicle epithelial cells as well as parakeratosis developed at 1 month and progressed thereafter, resulting in a prominent epidermis thickening and formation of ...
Koshi R - - 2001
Standard immunohistochemical methods were used to detect the presence of vimentin, cytokeratin 8, cytokeratin 18, macrophages and Langerhans cells in the human tonsillar epithelium in formalin-fixed and frozen tissue specimens. Vimentin detection was restricted to infiltrating cells of the lymphoid series, dendritic and vascular endothelial cells. All epithelial cells were ...
Huber J - - 2001
C21 steroids and especially progesterone are involved in various physiological processes besides reproduction. Langerhans cells are becoming a major topic in immunology and, from this point, it is of high interest that progesterone is able to increase the number of Langerhans cells in different epithelial cells. This has an impact ...
Girolomoni G - - 2001
Remarkable progress has been made in our understanding of the pathogenesis of skin diseases mediated by T cells. T-cell subsets responsible for the expression and regulation of allergic contact dermatitis to small chemicals or 'haptens' have been defined further, and the dynamics of T cells involved in the pathogenesis of ...
Virri J - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: The prevalence of inflammatory cells in 205 disc herniations (DHs) and nine macroscopically normal discs for comparison was studied immunohistochemically. Inflammatory cells were separately analyzed in subtypes of DH. Immunohistochemical data were related to clinical parameters, the straight leg raising test (SLR) in particular. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of ...
Baynes R E - - 2001
Porcine Skin Flow-Through Diffusion Cell System (Ronald E. Baynes, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina). Porcine skin can be used in a diffusion cell apparatus to study the rate and extent of absorption of topically applied chemicals through the skin. Although the skin of a number of animals can ...
Randolph G J - - 2001
Mobilization of dendritic cells into lymphatic vessels requires cytokine stimulation and induction of the chemokine receptor CCR7. The respective roles of the CCR7 ligands CCL19 and CCL21 in mediating migration are not fully defined, but chemotaxis to CCL19 mediates Langerhans cell exit from the epidermis. Optimal chemotaxis to CCL19 occurs ...
Pérez-Torres A - - 2001
Mammalian Langerhans cells (LC) are epidermal dendritic cells which originate in bone marrow and migrate toward the T cell area of lymph nodes, where they act as professional antigen-presenting cells. A variety of cell surface markers, such as the ectoenzyme adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase), Ia and CDla antigens, have been used ...
Olivry T - - 2001
For years, the histopathology of skin lesions of canine atopic dermatitis was deemed non-specific for this diagnosis. However, more recent studies have established that canine atopic skin lesions exhibit an inflammatory pattern characterized as a chronic, hyperplastic and spongiotic, mixed perivascular dermatitis. The nature of epidermal and dermal inflammatory cell ...
Qureshi F I - - 2001
We have examined biopsies of Dupuytren's contracture palmar fascia, overlying subcutis and skin, and have correlated the distribution of gross macroscopic changes in the hand, mapped pre- and intraoperatively, with light microscopic immunohistochemical findings. We report increased numbers of S100 positive Langerhans cells (an epidermal cell of dendritic lineage) and ...
Wei C - - 2001
We have studied the elasticity and load bearing ability of plant tissue at the cellular level, using onion (Allium cepa) epidermal cells. The Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio of the cells were obtained by loading a tensile force on onion epidermal peels of different turgor pressures, and measuring the elongation ...
Jarquin-Valdivia A A - - 2001
Langerhans' cell histiocytosis is a disease of the dendritic histiocytes with a wide variety of clinical manifestations. This report describes a boy with Langerhans' cell histiocytosis who presented with primarily neurologic and endocrinologic findings, without pain. The diagnosis of Langerhans' cell histiocytosis was not made until 10 years after symptom ...
Hock B D - - 2001
CD83 is an inducible glycoprotein expressed predominantly by dendritic cells (DC) and B lymphocytes. Expression of membrane CD83 (mCD83) is widely used as a marker of differentiated/activated DC but its function and ligand(s) are presently unknown. We report the existence of a soluble form of CD83 (sCD83). Using both a ...
Schaefer B M - - 2001
To analyze the inhibitor of DNA-binding type 1 (ID1) in the human epidermis and in cultured keratinocytes we generated and characterized ID1-specific monoclonal antibodies. Immunohistological studies on human skin biopsies revealed that ID1 is not detectable in normal human epidermis but in lesional epidermis of bullous pemphigoid. In the latter ...
Wilson D R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Tissue eosinophilia and infiltration by T(H)2-type T cells are characteristic features of allergic rhinitis both after allergen challenge and during natural allergen exposure. Specific immunotherapy inhibits allergen-induced nasal eosinophilia. OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess, in the context of a randomized trial, the relationships between symptomatic improvement after immunotherapy and ...
Seo S J - - 2001
The physiologic role of gamma delta-T-cell-receptor-bearing cells and the T cell receptor ligands that they recognize is still poorly understood. Previous studies have suggested that one possible antigen for gamma delta-TCR(+) cells is the random copolymer poly-glutamic acid-tyrosine (poly-Glu-Tyr), because poly-Glu-Tyr-reactive gamma delta-TCR(+) hybridoma cells were produced from poly-Glu-Tyr-immunized mice. ...
Huang C - - 2001
Tumor promoting effects of arsenic are believed to be associated with its transactivation activity on transcription factors, such as AP-1 and NFkappaB. However, the results from different groups studying the effects of arsenic on NFkappaB activation are contradictory in different cell models. Since arsenic is a strong skin carcinogen, we ...
Hathcock K S - - 2001
Accessory cells such as macrophages and other antigen-presenting cells (APC) in suspensions of mouse spleen and lymph node are removed by means of their preferential adherence to Sephadex G-10 polymers. Unlike the use of nylon wool columns to remove B and accessory cells (UNIT 3.2), Sephadex G-10 columns are employed ...
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