Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1323
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Kishi Kazuo - - 2005
Fetal skin possesses a regenerative activity until certain developmental stages. However, the origin of cells that regenerate dermis after wounding has not been clarified yet. In the present study we located the origin of cells that reconstruct fetal dermal structure by histological examination and by marking cells in the loose ...
Williams Ryan L - - 2005
The dermal transfer and absorption of 14C-ring-chlorpyrifos from nylon carpet fibers was measured in skin penetration-evaporation cells with excised pig skin. Prior to application, synthetic sweat was applied to skin in half of the cells. Radioactivity was measured in receptor fluid, dermis, epidermis, tape stripping samples, and vapor trap samples ...
Weyand Cornelia M - - 2005
In rheumatoid arthritis, T cells, B cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells invade the synovial membranes, establishing complex microstructures that promote inflammatory/tissue destructive lesions. B cell involvement has been considered to be limited to autoantibody production. However, recent studies suggest that B cells support rheumatoid disease through other mechanisms. A critical ...
Park Chan-Sik - - 2004
Factors that control the survival and proliferation of Ag-stimulated B cells within the germinal center (GC) are crucial for humoral immune responses with high affinity Abs against infectious agents. The follicular dendritic cell (FDC) is known as a key cellular component of the GC microenvironment for GC-B cell survival and ...
Imanaka Aiko - - 2004
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a disorder characterized by neoplastic proliferation of Langerhans cells that rarely involves the skin in adults. A 74-year-old woman presented with a fourteen year history of eosinophilic granuloma and bone involvement caused by LCH. She had received three combination therapy courses of curettage and radiation ...
Famiglietti Edward V - - 2004
Morphological studies of rabbit retina have identified ganglion cells resembling "alpha" cells but none resembling cat "beta" cells. Four distinct types of class I cell, similar to alpha cells, were identified, each narrowly stratified and differing from the other three principally in the level of dendritic branching. These four levels ...
Tang Z - - 2004
Dendritic cells are potent antigen presenting cells whose function has been associated with a variety of immunological disorders. Because of their relevance to human disease, extensive efforts have been made to gain a better understanding of their biology. One aspect of these efforts has been in the identification of pertinent ...
Saxena Tishu - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report a case of Langerhans cell histiocytosis presenting as a limbal nodule. DESIGN: Observational case report. METHOD: A 26-year-old man presented with a superior limbal mass. On clinical examination, an infiltrative/neoplastic lesion was suspected, and a differential diagnosis of limbal amyloidosis, limbal fibrous histiocytoma, lymphoma, and juvenile xanthogranuloma ...
Iizuka Hajime - - 2004
Epidermal remodeling is the concept that epidermal architecture is determined by a simple self-organizing mechanism; epidermal hyperproliferation constructs typical psoriatic architecture. This is based on the assumption that the enlargements in both the two-dimensional proliferative compartment (basal cell layer) and three-dimensional whole epidermal volume coexist. During this process, the dermal ...
Lavallée Philippe - - 2004
Thalamic cells that relay vibrissa information to barrel cortex are clustered within whisker-related modules termed barreloids. Each barreloid receives input from one principal whisker and inhibitory inputs from reticular thalamic neurons with receptive fields that correspond to that same whisker. Although the proximal dendrites of relay cells are confined to ...
Liu Han-Nan - - 2004
Hidroacanthoma simplex (HS) is an uncommon poroid neoplasm confined within the epidermis. The clinical features of HS are not distinctive and histopathologically HS may be confused with clonal seborrheic keratosis (CSK) if cystic or ductal structure is not present. The purpose of our study was to differentiate HS from CSK ...
Bollyky Paul L - - 2004
CD1-restricted T cells have been shown to play a critical role in host defence, tumour surveillance, and maintenance of tolerance. However, immunologic outcomes resulting from activation of CD1d-restricted T cells can be either beneficial or deleterious. A major mechanism by which CD1d-restricted T cells are thought to exert immunoregulatory control ...
Chen Ray-Neng - - 2004
The object of this study was to compare the extent of decellularization at each critical step of processing porcine skin to produce an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) for biomedical applications. The results demonstrated that the removal of epidermis using treatment with 0.25% trypsin for 18 h and 0.1% sodium dodecyl ...
Julkowska Daria - - 2004
After optimizing the conditions, including nutrients and temperature, swarming of Bacillus subtilis 3610 was obtained on a synthetic, fully defined medium. The swarms formed highly branched (dendritic) patterns, generated by successive waves of moving cells. A detailed microscopic in situ analysis of swarms 1 and 2 revealed varied cell morphologies ...
Wheat William - - 2004
Type 1 diabetes results from the breakdown of peripheral tolerance. As regulators of T cell activation, antigen-presenting cells (APC) modulate peripheral tolerance and hence contribute to the immune dysregulation characteristic of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). We initially observed an increased importance of NOD B cell APC function in a T ...
Fricke Wieland - - 2004
Solutes distribute differentially between leaf tissues and cells. The present study tested the hypothesis that certain solutes are supplied preferentially to the epidermis in the transpiration stream, by-passing mesophyll cells along bundle sheath extensions. Using energy dispersive X-ray analysis of extracted cell sap, the distribution of solutes was studied in ...
Walling Dennis M - - 2004
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) replicates productively in oral hairy leukoplakia (HLP). One characteristic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated HLP is a decreased oral epithelial Langerhans cell count. This prospective study tested the hypothesis that oral epithelial EBV replication decreases oral Langerhans cell counts. EBV replication in HLP was highly correlated with ...
Tomlinson D J - - 2004
Keratins are the characteristic structural proteins of the highly cornified epidermis of the skin, feathers, and hoof. Keratin proteins provide the structural basis for the unique properties of the biomaterial horn and its protective function against a wide range of environmental factors. Hoof horn is produced through a complex process ...
Caballes Romeo L - - 2004
Eosinophilic granulomas of long tubular bones, a form of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, occurs in metaphyses and diaphyses with equal frequency. Epiphyseal location is unusual, with only 13 cases previously reported in the literature. The present case involves the epiphysis of the upper end of the left femur in a 12-year-old ...
Nagy N - - 2004
The origin of vimentin-positive secretory dendritic cells of the bursa of Fabricius was studied by chick-quail chimera, parabiosis and immunohistochemistry using species-specific monoclonal antibodies. Quail bursal primordia of different ages were transferred to coelomic cavity of 3-day-old chicken embryos and further incubated for 18 days. In transplanted quail bursas the ...
Martins Marilia Trierveiler - - 2004
Sarcomas derived from immune accessory cells are uncommon malignancies, most of them occurring in lymph nodes while extra nodal sites are very rarely affected. Based on the immune profile, the cells that give origin to these neoplasms are currently divided in: follicular dendritic cell (FDC), interdigitating dendritic cell (IDC), indeterminate ...
Woo Wei-Meng - - 2004
Cytoplasmic intermediate filaments (cIFs) are thought to provide mechanical strength to vertebrate cells; however, their function in invertebrates has been largely unexplored. The Caenorhabditis elegans genome encodes multiple cIFs. The C. elegans ifb-1 locus encodes two cIF isoforms, IFB-1A and IFB-1B, that differ in their head domains. We show that ...
Vissers W H P M - - 2004
Several reports have indicated that the combination of calcipotriol ointment and potent or ultrapotent corticosteroids are more effective and better tolerated, as compared to the monotherapies. The aim of the present study was to find out the effect of combination of calcipotriol ointment once daily and betamethasone dipropionate ointment once ...
Jungbauer Simon - - 2004
Little is known about how functional regulation failure in genetically altered cells is influenced by topographical confinement of cells, a situation often present in tissues in vivo. We used cultured melanocytes derived from human skin samples as a model system for such investigations. Normal melanocytes have a very well defined ...
Smetana Karel K - - 2004
The diagnosis of pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis might be refined by demonstrating reliability of a new cell marker, i.e., Langerin (CD207), used on bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. For this purpose, we collected material from patients with this disease and also with sarcoidosis and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis as controls. In addition to ...
Patrizi Annalisa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Histiocytoses represent a large, puzzling group of diseases which may involve the skin and other organs. At present, juvenile xanthogranuloma is the disorder most often confused with Langerhans cell histiocytosis. A complex overlap exists between juvenile xanthogranuloma and Langerhans cell histiocytosis, with lesions showing clinical and/or pathological features of ...
Plzáková Z - - 2004
The presence of professional antigen-presenting cells in tumours can influence their further spreading. Location of cells exhibiting a specific marker of Langerhans cells--Langerin, and the 175 kD mannose receptor as a marker of dendritic cells of non-Langerhans type and macrophages, was studied using double staining in the normal human epidermis ...
Yamanaka Yasuko - - 2004
Annular lichen planus is a rare, unique subtype of lichen planus. We report a 34-year-old Japanese male who had multiple, dark red to purple, annular macules with slightly raised borders. Histopathological examination of a skin biopsy specimen from the peripheral region of the macule showed the typical features of lichen ...
Zamora-Perez Ana - - 2004
The micronucleus (MN) assay can be used to detect the genotoxic effects of chemical agents in virtually any cell that divides frequently. Salamanders (Ambystoma sp.) are amphibians that can be easily maintained and bred in the laboratory and spontaneously shed their skin every 2.5-4 days. In this present study, we ...
Meyer-Hermann Michael - - 2004
During humoral immune responses some germinal centers (GCs) develop very well and give rise to a large number of high affinity antibody producing plasma cells. Other GC reactions develop poorly, somatic mutation is reduced, and the output production is practically absent. This led to the hypothesis that two classes of ...
Wang Chun-Hua - - 2004
Indeterminate cell histiocytosis is a rare neoplasm composed of cells with mixed characteristics of Langerhans cells and non-Langerhans cells. An otherwise healthy, 36-year-old woman presented with asymptomatic generalized papules and nodules that had appeared on all four extremities, the trunk, and cheeks in the previous 6 months. The lesions were ...
Grosse-Kunstleve R W - - 2004
The computation of reduced unit cells is an important building block for a number of crystallographic applications, but unfortunately it is very easy to demonstrate that the conventional implementation of cell reduction algorithms is not numerically stable. A numerically stable implementation of the Niggli-reduction algorithm of Krivý & Gruber [Acta ...
Annessi Giorgio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Lichenoid dermatoses are composed of a wide spectrum of disorders with a common histopathologic interface pattern but diverse causes and pathophysiology. OBJECTIVE: We describe a series of young patients with a peculiar annular lichenoid dermatitis, the clinical appearance of which initially suggested diagnoses of morphea, mycosis fungoides, or annular ...
Hoath Steven B - - 2003
The concept that mammalian epidermis is structurally organized into functional epidermal units has been proposed on the basis of stratum corneum (SC) architecture, proliferation kinetics, melanocyte:keratinocyte ratios (1:36), and, more recently, Langerhans cell: epidermal cell ratios (1:53). This article examines the concept of functional epidermal units in human skin in ...
Tokura Yoshiki - - 2003
Photocontact dermatitis is one of the major occupational skin diseases and an undesirable adverse effect produced by chemicals and drugs in our environment. This dermatitis is caused by skin application of photosensitive agents plus ultraviolet light irradiation. There exist both primary irritant and allergic mechanisms in this dermatosis. While the ...
Bertho Nicolas - - 2003
Activation of naive CD4 T cells by dendritic cells requires the sequential interaction of many TCR molecules with peptide-class II complexes of the appropriate specificity. Such interaction results in morphological transformation of class II MHC-containing endosomal compartments. In this study, we analyze the requirements for long tubular endosomal structures that ...
Hasselblatt Martin - - 2003
Intracranial occurrence of follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma, a rare tumor derived from dendritic cells of the lymphoid follicle, has not yet been described. Therefore, the case of a 53-year-old man presenting with an intracranial mass invading the clivus is reported. The diagnosis of FDC sarcoma was confirmed by immunohistochemical ...
Garg Sumeet - - 2003
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of a child with Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the posterior elements of the cervical spine treated conservatively and with long-term follow-up is described. OBJECTIVES: To describe the unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of treating Langerhans cell histiocytosis located atypically in the posterior elements of the ...
Parisel Claire - - 2003
The development of new materials for tissue engineering of skin substitutes requires an increasing knowledge of their interactions with human skin cells. Since carbohydrate recognition is involved in numerous biologic processes, including skin regeneration, the aim of this study was to identify sugar receptors expressed at the surface of human ...
Ledy K - - 2003
Morphometric examination was carried out on the gills and skin of wild and caged hatchery brown trout Salmo trutta fario in an acidic (pH 4.9 to 5.4; Al 203 to 250 microg l(-1)) and in a non-acidic (pH 6.7 to 7.0; Al 27 to 67 microg l(-1)) stream in the ...
Xu Honglin H Gwen Knapp Center for Lupus and Immunology Research, Committee on Immunology and Department of Pathology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637-5420, - - 2003
Although CD1d and MHC class Ia share similar overall structure, they have distinct levels and patterns of surface expression. While the expression of CD1d1 is known to be essential for the development of NKT cells, the contribution of CD1d1 to the development of CD8(+) T cells appears to be inconsequential. ...
Haberman Ann M - - 2003
The close association of follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) and germinal-centre B cells has fostered the idea that B-cell recognition of retained antigen that is presented on the surface of FDCs is important for affinity maturation and memory B-cell development. We argue that the retention of immune complexes is not required ...
Zarnani A H - - 2003
Dendritic cells function as the main cellular population responsible for professional antigen presentation and hence for induction of primary immune responses. Although they are present in virtually every tissue, nevertheless their number is usually so low that it makes their isolation for studies very difficult. In this study, we purified ...
Akiyama Hisanori - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus are often simultaneously detected from many cases of non-bullous impetigo with atopic dermatitis. OBJECTIVES: Using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), to investigate formation of S. pyogenes microcolonies in skin lesions. METHODS: The S. pyogenes cells in the stationary growth phase alone were strongly stained ...
Franssen M E J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A new retinoid, bexarotene (Targretin), was recently investigated in a large multicentre trial for its efficacy and safety in psoriasis. Bexarotene is a novel retinoid X receptor (RXR)-selective ligand. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to study the effect of bexarotene in psoriasis by analysing markers for epidermal differentiation, proliferation and ...
Lachke Salil A - - 2003
Mating between natural a/a and alpha/alpha strains of Candida albicans requires that cells first switch from the white to opaque phase phenotype. However, because cells expressing the opaque phase phenotype are induced to switch back to the white phase phenotype at physiological temperature (37 degrees C) and because opaque phase ...
Wykes Michelle - - 2003
The CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L) interaction is one of the most important receptor-ligand interactions that occurs during a T dependent immune response. However, while CD40L is expressed on a range of cell types including activated T cells and B cells, dendritic cells granulocytes, macrophages and platelets, only CD40L on T cells ...
Silverman Jeffrey S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Epithelioid cell histiocytoma (ECH), also known as epithelioid fibrous histiocytoma, is a peculiar dermal tumor, which can mimic melanocytic, vascular, epithelial, or other histiocytic lesions. Thought to arise from dermal dendrocytes, most ECH contain approximately 50% FXIIIa+ histiocytic dendrocytes, but not all lesional cells express FXIIIa. A putative fibroblastic ...
Gatti Evelina - - 2003
The study of the cell biology of antigen processing and presentation has greatly contributed to our understanding of the immune response. The work of many immunologically inclined cell biologists has also permitted us to gain new insights on cellular mechanisms shared by many cell types. Dendritic cells are master regulators ...
Yamamoto Osamu - - 2003
Among occupational and environmental disorders, contact or photocontact dermatitis and an acneiform eruption are two major skin disorders. Photocontact dermatitis was historically caused by various halogenated salicylanilides, while the acne is induced by halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons and thus called chloracne. Therefore, it should be noted that halogenated chemical compounds are ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >