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Results 351 - 400 of 1309
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Julkowska Daria - - 2004
After optimizing the conditions, including nutrients and temperature, swarming of Bacillus subtilis 3610 was obtained on a synthetic, fully defined medium. The swarms formed highly branched (dendritic) patterns, generated by successive waves of moving cells. A detailed microscopic in situ analysis of swarms 1 and 2 revealed varied cell morphologies ...
Wheat William - - 2004
Type 1 diabetes results from the breakdown of peripheral tolerance. As regulators of T cell activation, antigen-presenting cells (APC) modulate peripheral tolerance and hence contribute to the immune dysregulation characteristic of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). We initially observed an increased importance of NOD B cell APC function in a T ...
Fricke Wieland - - 2004
Solutes distribute differentially between leaf tissues and cells. The present study tested the hypothesis that certain solutes are supplied preferentially to the epidermis in the transpiration stream, by-passing mesophyll cells along bundle sheath extensions. Using energy dispersive X-ray analysis of extracted cell sap, the distribution of solutes was studied in ...
Walling Dennis M - - 2004
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) replicates productively in oral hairy leukoplakia (HLP). One characteristic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated HLP is a decreased oral epithelial Langerhans cell count. This prospective study tested the hypothesis that oral epithelial EBV replication decreases oral Langerhans cell counts. EBV replication in HLP was highly correlated with ...
Tomlinson D J - - 2004
Keratins are the characteristic structural proteins of the highly cornified epidermis of the skin, feathers, and hoof. Keratin proteins provide the structural basis for the unique properties of the biomaterial horn and its protective function against a wide range of environmental factors. Hoof horn is produced through a complex process ...
Caballes Romeo L - - 2004
Eosinophilic granulomas of long tubular bones, a form of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, occurs in metaphyses and diaphyses with equal frequency. Epiphyseal location is unusual, with only 13 cases previously reported in the literature. The present case involves the epiphysis of the upper end of the left femur in a 12-year-old ...
Nagy N - - 2004
The origin of vimentin-positive secretory dendritic cells of the bursa of Fabricius was studied by chick-quail chimera, parabiosis and immunohistochemistry using species-specific monoclonal antibodies. Quail bursal primordia of different ages were transferred to coelomic cavity of 3-day-old chicken embryos and further incubated for 18 days. In transplanted quail bursas the ...
Martins Marilia Trierveiler - - 2004
Sarcomas derived from immune accessory cells are uncommon malignancies, most of them occurring in lymph nodes while extra nodal sites are very rarely affected. Based on the immune profile, the cells that give origin to these neoplasms are currently divided in: follicular dendritic cell (FDC), interdigitating dendritic cell (IDC), indeterminate ...
Woo Wei-Meng - - 2004
Cytoplasmic intermediate filaments (cIFs) are thought to provide mechanical strength to vertebrate cells; however, their function in invertebrates has been largely unexplored. The Caenorhabditis elegans genome encodes multiple cIFs. The C. elegans ifb-1 locus encodes two cIF isoforms, IFB-1A and IFB-1B, that differ in their head domains. We show that ...
Vissers W H P M - - 2004
Several reports have indicated that the combination of calcipotriol ointment and potent or ultrapotent corticosteroids are more effective and better tolerated, as compared to the monotherapies. The aim of the present study was to find out the effect of combination of calcipotriol ointment once daily and betamethasone dipropionate ointment once ...
Jungbauer Simon - - 2004
Little is known about how functional regulation failure in genetically altered cells is influenced by topographical confinement of cells, a situation often present in tissues in vivo. We used cultured melanocytes derived from human skin samples as a model system for such investigations. Normal melanocytes have a very well defined ...
Smetana Karel K - - 2004
The diagnosis of pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis might be refined by demonstrating reliability of a new cell marker, i.e., Langerin (CD207), used on bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. For this purpose, we collected material from patients with this disease and also with sarcoidosis and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis as controls. In addition to ...
Patrizi Annalisa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Histiocytoses represent a large, puzzling group of diseases which may involve the skin and other organs. At present, juvenile xanthogranuloma is the disorder most often confused with Langerhans cell histiocytosis. A complex overlap exists between juvenile xanthogranuloma and Langerhans cell histiocytosis, with lesions showing clinical and/or pathological features of ...
Plzáková Z - - 2004
The presence of professional antigen-presenting cells in tumours can influence their further spreading. Location of cells exhibiting a specific marker of Langerhans cells--Langerin, and the 175 kD mannose receptor as a marker of dendritic cells of non-Langerhans type and macrophages, was studied using double staining in the normal human epidermis ...
Yamanaka Yasuko - - 2004
Annular lichen planus is a rare, unique subtype of lichen planus. We report a 34-year-old Japanese male who had multiple, dark red to purple, annular macules with slightly raised borders. Histopathological examination of a skin biopsy specimen from the peripheral region of the macule showed the typical features of lichen ...
Zamora-Perez Ana - - 2004
The micronucleus (MN) assay can be used to detect the genotoxic effects of chemical agents in virtually any cell that divides frequently. Salamanders (Ambystoma sp.) are amphibians that can be easily maintained and bred in the laboratory and spontaneously shed their skin every 2.5-4 days. In this present study, we ...
Meyer-Hermann Michael - - 2004
During humoral immune responses some germinal centers (GCs) develop very well and give rise to a large number of high affinity antibody producing plasma cells. Other GC reactions develop poorly, somatic mutation is reduced, and the output production is practically absent. This led to the hypothesis that two classes of ...
Wang Chun-Hua - - 2004
Indeterminate cell histiocytosis is a rare neoplasm composed of cells with mixed characteristics of Langerhans cells and non-Langerhans cells. An otherwise healthy, 36-year-old woman presented with asymptomatic generalized papules and nodules that had appeared on all four extremities, the trunk, and cheeks in the previous 6 months. The lesions were ...
Grosse-Kunstleve R W - - 2004
The computation of reduced unit cells is an important building block for a number of crystallographic applications, but unfortunately it is very easy to demonstrate that the conventional implementation of cell reduction algorithms is not numerically stable. A numerically stable implementation of the Niggli-reduction algorithm of Krivý & Gruber [Acta ...
Annessi Giorgio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Lichenoid dermatoses are composed of a wide spectrum of disorders with a common histopathologic interface pattern but diverse causes and pathophysiology. OBJECTIVE: We describe a series of young patients with a peculiar annular lichenoid dermatitis, the clinical appearance of which initially suggested diagnoses of morphea, mycosis fungoides, or annular ...
Hoath Steven B - - 2003
The concept that mammalian epidermis is structurally organized into functional epidermal units has been proposed on the basis of stratum corneum (SC) architecture, proliferation kinetics, melanocyte:keratinocyte ratios (1:36), and, more recently, Langerhans cell: epidermal cell ratios (1:53). This article examines the concept of functional epidermal units in human skin in ...
Tokura Yoshiki - - 2003
Photocontact dermatitis is one of the major occupational skin diseases and an undesirable adverse effect produced by chemicals and drugs in our environment. This dermatitis is caused by skin application of photosensitive agents plus ultraviolet light irradiation. There exist both primary irritant and allergic mechanisms in this dermatosis. While the ...
Bertho Nicolas - - 2003
Activation of naive CD4 T cells by dendritic cells requires the sequential interaction of many TCR molecules with peptide-class II complexes of the appropriate specificity. Such interaction results in morphological transformation of class II MHC-containing endosomal compartments. In this study, we analyze the requirements for long tubular endosomal structures that ...
Hasselblatt Martin - - 2003
Intracranial occurrence of follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma, a rare tumor derived from dendritic cells of the lymphoid follicle, has not yet been described. Therefore, the case of a 53-year-old man presenting with an intracranial mass invading the clivus is reported. The diagnosis of FDC sarcoma was confirmed by immunohistochemical ...
Garg Sumeet - - 2003
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of a child with Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the posterior elements of the cervical spine treated conservatively and with long-term follow-up is described. OBJECTIVES: To describe the unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of treating Langerhans cell histiocytosis located atypically in the posterior elements of the ...
Parisel Claire - - 2003
The development of new materials for tissue engineering of skin substitutes requires an increasing knowledge of their interactions with human skin cells. Since carbohydrate recognition is involved in numerous biologic processes, including skin regeneration, the aim of this study was to identify sugar receptors expressed at the surface of human ...
Ledy K - - 2003
Morphometric examination was carried out on the gills and skin of wild and caged hatchery brown trout Salmo trutta fario in an acidic (pH 4.9 to 5.4; Al 203 to 250 microg l(-1)) and in a non-acidic (pH 6.7 to 7.0; Al 27 to 67 microg l(-1)) stream in the ...
Xu Honglin - - 2003
Although CD1d and MHC class Ia share similar overall structure, they have distinct levels and patterns of surface expression. While the expression of CD1d1 is known to be essential for the development of NKT cells, the contribution of CD1d1 to the development of CD8(+) T cells appears to be inconsequential. ...
Haberman Ann M - - 2003
The close association of follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) and germinal-centre B cells has fostered the idea that B-cell recognition of retained antigen that is presented on the surface of FDCs is important for affinity maturation and memory B-cell development. We argue that the retention of immune complexes is not required ...
Zarnani A H - - 2003
Dendritic cells function as the main cellular population responsible for professional antigen presentation and hence for induction of primary immune responses. Although they are present in virtually every tissue, nevertheless their number is usually so low that it makes their isolation for studies very difficult. In this study, we purified ...
Akiyama Hisanori - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus are often simultaneously detected from many cases of non-bullous impetigo with atopic dermatitis. OBJECTIVES: Using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), to investigate formation of S. pyogenes microcolonies in skin lesions. METHODS: The S. pyogenes cells in the stationary growth phase alone were strongly stained ...
Franssen M E J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A new retinoid, bexarotene (Targretin), was recently investigated in a large multicentre trial for its efficacy and safety in psoriasis. Bexarotene is a novel retinoid X receptor (RXR)-selective ligand. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to study the effect of bexarotene in psoriasis by analysing markers for epidermal differentiation, proliferation and ...
Lachke Salil A - - 2003
Mating between natural a/a and alpha/alpha strains of Candida albicans requires that cells first switch from the white to opaque phase phenotype. However, because cells expressing the opaque phase phenotype are induced to switch back to the white phase phenotype at physiological temperature (37 degrees C) and because opaque phase ...
Wykes Michelle - - 2003
The CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L) interaction is one of the most important receptor-ligand interactions that occurs during a T dependent immune response. However, while CD40L is expressed on a range of cell types including activated T cells and B cells, dendritic cells granulocytes, macrophages and platelets, only CD40L on T cells ...
Silverman Jeffrey S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Epithelioid cell histiocytoma (ECH), also known as epithelioid fibrous histiocytoma, is a peculiar dermal tumor, which can mimic melanocytic, vascular, epithelial, or other histiocytic lesions. Thought to arise from dermal dendrocytes, most ECH contain approximately 50% FXIIIa+ histiocytic dendrocytes, but not all lesional cells express FXIIIa. A putative fibroblastic ...
Gatti Evelina - - 2003
The study of the cell biology of antigen processing and presentation has greatly contributed to our understanding of the immune response. The work of many immunologically inclined cell biologists has also permitted us to gain new insights on cellular mechanisms shared by many cell types. Dendritic cells are master regulators ...
Yamamoto Osamu - - 2003
Among occupational and environmental disorders, contact or photocontact dermatitis and an acneiform eruption are two major skin disorders. Photocontact dermatitis was historically caused by various halogenated salicylanilides, while the acne is induced by halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons and thus called chloracne. Therefore, it should be noted that halogenated chemical compounds are ...
Zabka Tanja S - - 2003
The skin is an important tissue of the immune system; however, little is known about immune cells in dolphin skin, and very few cetacean-specific immunoreagents are available for investigative purposes. Therefore, in this study immunohistochemistry techniques were used with species-specific and non-species-specific antibodies to characterize immune cells, primarily focusing on ...
Pincelli C - - 2003
The skin is the most densely innervated organ in the body and there is a close relationship between the skin and the nervous system. Most skin cells express receptors for neuromediators (NM) and skin cells themselves are an important source of NM. In particular, human keratinocytes synthesize neurotrophins and endorphins ...
Yun Su-Young - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that rosmarinic acid (RosA) inhibits T-cell antigen receptor-induced T-cell activation and proliferation. In this study, we evaluated the ability of RosA alone and in conjunction with currently used immunosuppressive drugs to inhibit in vitro splenic T-cell proliferation and prolong skin graft survival in vivo. METHODS: Mouse ...
Randriamampita Clotilde - - 2003
Antigen detection and initiation of TCR signaling only occur, under physiological conditions, when T cells are adherent, and not in suspension. We show here that T cell adhesion causes an increase in the Ca(2+) content of intracellular stores and of the amount of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate in the plasma membrane, and ...
Tchou Isabelle - - 2003
Epidermis and surface epithelium-dendritic cells comprise of immature cells termed Langerhans cells (LCs), which express characteristically the Birbeck granules, along with surface markers such as CD1a. These cells can capture a pathogen and then migrate and differentiate to a more mature stage. During this maturation process, dentritic cells express surface ...
Fan Yongliang - - 2003
In insects, hydrocarbons waterproof the cuticle, protect the insect from the external environment, and serve as semiochemicals or their metabolic precursors. In the German cockroach, Blattella germanica, hydrocarbons are synthesized by the abdominal integument, but the precise site of biosynthesis is not known. We developed a method for separation of ...
Hommel Mirja - - 2003
Activation of antigen-specific T cells by mature dendritic cells in secondary lymphoid organs is a key control point of the adaptive immune response. Here we describe the ex vivo isolation of preformed multicellular clusters between T cells and antigen-presenting cells. Adoptively transferred, antigen-specific T cells segregated into individual clusters where ...
Petersen B L - - 2003
AIMS: Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease with clonal proliferation of dendritic histiocytes, occurring most frequently in infancy and early childhood. In the localized form (single system), the disease is self-limiting, but in the cases of multisystem disease a third of the patients develop organ dysfunction. In these cases ...
Su Mei - - 2003
The cellular immune response depends on the delivery of lymphocytes from the lymph node to the peripheral site of antigenic challenge. During their passage through the inflammatory microcirculaton, the migratory cells can become transiently immobilized or "trapped" in small caliber vessels. In this report, we used intravital microscopy and temporal ...
Yotsumoto Shinichi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Most estrogen dermatitides are induced by local or systemic contact dermatitis where dendritic cells are central, and tamoxifen has a blocking effect on dendritic cells. METHODS: We present 5 cases of estrogen dermatitis in which the clinical features were prurigo, urticaria, acneiform eruption and annular erythema. RESULTS: Tamoxifen was ...
Kidon M Iancovici - - 2003
Skin prick test (SPT), as the standard diagnostic tool for immediate hypersensitivity to aeroallergens, is an expression of IgE-dependent mediator release from dermal mast cells. Though probably involved in the late-phase response, peripheral blood basophils (PBB) don't seem to participate in the immediate hypersensitivity response in the skin. We aimed ...
Mittelbrunn María - - 2002
The tetraspanin CD81 has been involved in T-dependent B cell-mediated immune responses. However, the behavior of CD81 during immune synapse (IS) formation has not been elucidated. We determined herein that CD81 redistributed to the contact area of T cell-B cell and T cell-dendritic cell conjugates in an Ag-dependent manner. Confocal ...
Yoshinaga Takaharu - - 2002
In spite of the important roles of dendritic cells in DNA-based therapies, the cellular uptake mechanism of plasmid DNA (pDNA) in dendritic cells is poorly understood. The present study was undertaken to investigate the binding and uptake of pDNA in vitro using a murine dendritic cell line, DC2.4 cells. A ...
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