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Results 301 - 350 of 1323
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Hugues Stephanie - - 2006
Induction of T cell priming and tolerance require direct encounters between naïve T cells and dendritic cells (DCs). T cell activation and proliferation occur in both situations, but the concomitant dynamics of DC-T cell contacts differ: the contacts between naïve T cells and DCs are more stable during the induction ...
Jacobs John J L - - 2006
Skin irritants and contact allergens reduce the number of Langerhans cells (LCs). It has been assumed that this reduction is due their migration to the draining lymph node (LN) for initiating immune sensitization in a host. Skin irritation, however, as opposed to contact allergy is not considered to be an ...
Piyawadee Pothiraksanon, 2512-
Thesis (M.Sc.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2002
Hundt Matthias - - 2006
The molecular basis of T cell anergy is not completely understood. We show that in antigen-primed anergic murine CD4(+) T cells the linker for activation of T cells (LAT) is hypophosphorylated upon CD3/CD28 restimulation. Signaling events downstream of LAT (PLCgamma1 phosphorylation and p85 [PI3-K] association) were impaired, whereas upstream events ...
Oldhoff J M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The atopy patch test (APT) is an in vivo model to study the induction of eczema by inhalant allergens in atopic dermatitis patients. We studied the effect of pretreatment with topical tacrolimus 0.1% on APT in nonlesional skin of patients with atopic dermatitis. METHODS: Nonlesional skin of the back ...
Wat Christina S K - - 2006
Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a disorder characterized by the proliferation of histiocytes of the mononuclear phagocyte system. Cutaneous Langerhans cell histiocytosis can develop as a solitary lesion or more frequently as part of a multisystem disease. This report describes a case of cutaneous Langerhans cell histiocytosis affecting the eyelids, resulting ...
Soni, Sarvjit L.
Electron probe analysis was employed to study the accumulation and distribution of silicon in differentiating epidermal cells of the developing internode of Cyperus alternifolius. The process of silicon accumulation was found to occur from the base to the tip of an elongating internode. The accumulation of silicon by long epidermal ...
Udey Mark C - - 2006
Langerhans cells have long been considered to be prototypic immature dendritic cells. Results of experiments involving genetically engineered mice provide surprising new insights into Langerhans cell function in vivo. Nishibu and colleagues illustrate how these approaches can be used to visualize Langerhans cells in vivo in real time, and to ...
Berlier W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Heterosexual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission implies the crossing of the vaginal mucosa by virions present in the semen, potentially using Langerhans cells as transporters. The recruitment of these cells in the mucosa is mediated by the chemokine macrophage inflammatory protein 3alpha (CCL20). The aim of this study was ...
Nadais Ricardo da Fonseca Rda - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the intraepithelial population of Langerhans' cells (LC) in normal cervix epithelium adjacent to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN 3) and correlate to smoking habit. METHODS: Cases in this study included conization specimens from 48 women affected by CIN 3. The LC count was performed in areas ...
Khosrotehrani Kiarash - - 2006
During pregnancy, maternal cells may enter the fetal circulation and persist until adulthood. The fate of these cells remains unknown. As unexplained T-cell-mediated conditions such as pityriasis lichenoides (PL) may occur in children, we aimed at identifying maternal cells in lesional skin of PL and controls. Archived skin biopsy specimens ...
Ferringer Tammie - - 2006
Proliferations of Langerhans cells can be histologically divided into cytologically benign Langerhans cell proliferations, which include the clinical syndromes of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and cytologically malignant Langerhans cell sarcoma. We report a Langerhans cell sarcoma in a 33-year-old male that arose on the posterior thigh with subsequent regional lymph node ...
Michalak, Tracy
Fishes in the Superorder Ostariophysi have specialized epidermal club cells that contain an alarm substance. Damage to these cells causes the release of the alarm substance which can serve as a useful indicator of predation risk for nearby conspecifics. The majority of research involving alarm substances has investigated the roles ...
Indrasingh, l.
Dendritic cells are antigen-presenting cells found in almost every type of tissue, including lymphatic tissue, blood and skin. In the intestinal tract, these cells are likely to play a pivotal role in the initiation and regulation of immune responses. Our earlier study of the human colon and ileum revealed the ...
Kato Yoko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (AE) is a relapsing inflammatory disease based on IgE sensitization and characterized by peripheral blood eosinophilia and eosinophil infiltration into the lesional skin. In the patch test reaction of AE by allergens, an increased infiltration of activated eosinophils has been demonstrated peaking at 24-48 h. Regulated on ...
Guan Shu-Wen - - 2006
A novel polypeptide, velvet antler polypeptide (VAPPs), having a stimulary effect on proliferation of some cell was isolated from the velvet antler of sika deer (Cervus nippon Temminck). This polypeptide consists of a single chain of 32 amino-acid residues VLSAT DKTNV LAAWG KVGGN APAFG AEALE RM. VAPPs showed marked stimulary ...
Bechan G I - - 2006
Langerhans cells (LC) are epidermal dendritic cells (DC). They play an important role in the initiation of immune responses through antigen uptake, processing, and presentation to T cells. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease in which accumulation of cells with LC characteristics (LCH cells) occur. LCH lesions are ...
Fernandez Flores Angel - - 2006
Cutaneous involvement of the vulva by Langerhans cell histiocytosis in women older than 70 is a rare phenomenon. A tendency of the disease to involve genital areas, has been described. We present a case of a 72-year-old woman, who had cutaneous vulvar involvement by Langerhans-cell histiocytosis, diagnosed by biopsy. An ...
Moravvej Hamideh - - 2006
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) represents a group of rare histiocytic syndromes characterized by tissue infiltration with dendritic cells. The management of LCH is difficult because these disorders respond inconsistently to immunosuppressive and chemotherapeutic strategies. We describe a refractory and relapsing case of skin and nail limited LCH in a 27-year-old ...
Plümpe Tobias - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In the course of adult hippocampal neurogenesis most regulation takes place during the phase of doublecortin (DCX) expression, either as pro-proliferative effect on precursor cells or as survival-promoting effect on postmitotic cells. We here obtained quantitative data about the proliferative population and the dynamics of postmitotic dendrite development during ...
Henkel Jenny S - - 2006
We recently demonstrated increased dendritic cells (potent antigen-presenting cells) and MCP-1 (monocyte, T-cell, and dendritic cell attracting chemokine) levels in ALS spinal cord tissue. Additionally, we presented data suggesting that dendritic cells might be contributing to the pathogenesis. To determine whether MCP-1 and dendritic cells are present in the mSOD1 ...
Troxell Megan L - - 2005
Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma is characterized by a paracortical proliferation of medium to large neoplastic T cells, often with clear cytoplasm, in a background of arborizing high endothelial venules, many surrounded by follicular dendritic cells (FDCs). IHC staining may be applied to highlight these extrafollicular FDCs, traditionally using CD21, or CD23. ...
Mack Judith A - - 2005
The skin is the largest organ of the body and consists of the underlying dermis and outer epidermis. Proper embryonic development and continual renewal of the adult epidermis are essential to provide an impenetrable barrier against fluid loss and serve as our most important defense against insults from the external ...
Tang Qizhi - - 2006
The in vivo mechanism of regulatory T cell (T(reg) cell) function in controlling autoimmunity remains controversial. Here we have used two-photon laser-scanning microscopy to analyze lymph node priming of diabetogenic T cells and to delineate the mechanisms of T(reg) cell control of autoimmunity in vivo. Islet antigen-specific CD4(+)CD25(-) T helper ...
Jülg Boris Dominik - - 2006
In the following, we describe the very rare case of Langerhans cell sarcoma (LCS) in the lung. Throughout the medical literature, only a few cases have been published, and, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first case to be reported in Germany. The patient was an 81-year-old ...
Wang H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) play an important role in cutaneous immunological reactions. Freshly obtained or intraepidermal LCs are incapable of activating autologous naive T cells. However, when they are cultured for 2-3 days, LCs are able to activate autologous T cells. It has been proposed that haptoglobin (Hp) is ...
Bothra R - - 2005
Neoplasms of follicular dendritic cells are uncommon and while majority of them occur in lymph nodes, they are increasingly recognized at varied sites such as abdominal viscera. Tonsil is the most common extra nodal site for occurrence of FDCT in the head and neck region. We describe three cases of ...
Felföldi Balázs - - 2005
The avian bursa of Fabricius has a direct connection to the cloaca via the bursal duct. Using the bursal duct ligation technique, it has been clearly shown that the B cells of the bursal follicles develop under the influence of cloacal antigens. These antigens have been suggested to be present ...
Kendall Mark - - 2006
A challenge in epidermal DNA vaccination is the efficient and targeted delivery of polynucleotides to immunologically sensitive Langerhans cells. This paper investigates this particular challenge for physical delivery approaches. The skin immunology and material properties are examined in the context of the physical cell targeting requirements of the viable epidermis. ...
De Celis Ruth - - 2005
The aim of the present work was to investigate whether there is an association between the presence of micronuclei in immature seminal germinal cells and occupational exposure to aromatic hydrocarbons in the workplace. We concluded that exposure of the workers to hydrocarbons in their workplace increased the frequency of micronuclei ...
Sangaletti Sabina - - 2005
On their path to draining lymph nodes, epidermal Langerhans cells traverse collagen-dense connective tissue before reaching lymphatic vessels. The matricellular protein SPARC (secreted protein, acidic and rich in cysteine), which is induced during inflammation and tissue repair, organizes collagen deposition in tissue stroma. We analyzed Langerhans cell and dendritic-cell migration ...
Azam Philippe - - 2006
Langerhans cells (LC) are key mediators of contact allergenicity in the skin. However, no in vitro methods exist which are based on the activation process of LC to predict the sensitization potential of chemicals. In this study, we have evaluated the performances of MUTZ-3, a cytokine-dependent human monocytic cell line, ...
Sakai Aki - - 2005
The changes in Langerhans cells (LCs) from normal human skin peeled with 40 and 60% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) or liquid nitrogen , which is known in cryosurgery as a control, were examined using monoclonal antibodies against the CD1a, HLA-DR and Lag in order to examine the immune surveillance system. In ...
Greatens Amanda - - 2005
Skin pigmentation results in part from the transfer of melanized melanosomes synthesized by melanocytes to neighboring keratinocytes. Plasma membrane lectins and their glycoconjugates expressed by these epidermal cells are critical molecules involved in this transfer process. In addition, the derivative of vitamin B(3), niacinamide, can inhibit melanosome transfer and induce ...
Akino Kozo - - 2005
Cell-to-cell interactions between human mesenchymal stem cells and potential adjacent cells such as endothelial cells, dermal fibroblasts, and epidermal keratinocytes was investigated. A modified dual Boyden chamber assay using 8-microm pores revealed a more powerful chemotactic cell migration of human mesenchymal stem cells toward human epidermal keratinocytes than other cells, ...
Hubert Pascale - - 2005
Although human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA is detected in the majority of squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the uterine cervix, the persistence and progression of cervical lesions suggest that viral antigens are not adequately presented to the immune system. This hypothesis is reinforced by the observation ...
Hoetzenecker Wolfram - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Apart from the long-used corticosteroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors (tacrolimus, pimecrolimus) represent novel therapeutic options for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the pathophysiological target cells and mode of action of pimecrolimus in atopic skin. METHODS: Twenty-two patients were randomly assigned to treatment with ...
Kawase Takakazu - - 2005
This report concerns the clinicopathologic features of 4 patients with CD56/neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM)-positive Langerhans cell sarcoma (LCS). Three of the patients were elderly, between 59 and 62 years of age at presentation, and the other was 35 years old. The presenting symptoms included fever, bone pain, and weakness. ...
Sourabh R - - 2005
Langerhan Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is a disorder in which cells with a phenotype similar to that of epidermal langerhans cells cause tissue damage possibly through excessive cytokine production. The clinical spectrum of the disease is wide. We are reporting a case of LCH who presented with prolonged pyrexia and a ...
Saarne T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Allergen-specific immunotherapy is the only treatment for allergic disease providing long-lasting symptom relief. Currently, it is mainly based on the use of crude allergen extracts. The treatment may be improved by the use of genetically engineered allergens, hypoallergens, aiming at a more effective and safer therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim ...
Ensenauer Regina E - - 2005
Mosaicism for trisomy 20 is generally ascertained following prenatal sampling and rarely is associated with significant phenotypic abnormalities. Uniparental disomy for chromosome 20 in the euploid lines has been found in several cases, which showed relatively mild clinical features, primarily growth delay. Here we report on a case of mosaic ...
Bekeredjian-Ding Isabelle Béatrice - - 2005
Detailed information of human B cell activation via TLR may lead to a better understanding of B cell involvement in autoimmunity and malignancy. In this study we identified a fundamental difference in the regulation of TLR7- and TLR9-mediated B cell stimulation: whereas the induction of polyclonal naive B cell proliferation ...
Forrester J V - - 2005
The uveal compartment of the eye contains extensive networks of resident macrophages and dendritic cells. These cells are now recognised to have a role in many ocular pathologies. The aim of this study was to isolate, characterise, and compare the function of ciliary body/choroid dendritic cells and macrophages from the ...
Sköld Markus - - 2005
Group 1 and group 2 CD1 present both self and microbial lipid antigens to T cells. While group 1 CD1-restricted T cells are known for their ability to recognize mycobacterial glycolipid antigens, group 2 CD1-restricted T cells are recognized as regulatory T cells that can influence the outcome of innate ...
Fortoul Teresa I - - 2005
The human population in the industrialized world is constantly exposed to chemical mixtures of pollutants such as metals; information about the consequences of the interactions of these compounds on health is scarce. The current study examines the effects of the inhalation of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and Pb-Cd mixture in ...
Botwright Tina L - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The gibberellin-insensitive Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b dwarfing genes are known to reduce the size of cells in culms, leaves and coleoptiles of wheat. Resulting leaf area development of gibberellin-insensitive wheats is poor compared to standard height (Rht-B1a and Rht-D1a) genotypes. Alternative dwarfing genes to Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b are ...
Tanaka Kohtaro - - 2005
During metamorphosis of the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta, the simple thoracic legs of the larva are remodeled into the more complex adult legs. Most of the adult leg epidermis derives from the adult primordia, small sets of epidermal cells located in specific regions of the larval leg, which proliferate rapidly ...
Defaweux Valérie - - 2005
In this study, we examined where immune cells and nerve fibres are located in mouse Peyer's patches, with a view to identifying potential sites for neuroinvasion by prions. Special attention was paid to dendritic cells, viewed as candidate transporters of infectious prion. Double immunofluorescence labellings with anti-CD11c antibody and marker ...
Sikorski M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Langerhans cells play a pivotal role as professional antigens presenting cells in cervical epithelium, thus changes in their density or/and function may profoundly influence the proper activation of the afferent arm of immune response in cases of HPV-related intraepithelial lesions. AIM OF THE STUDY: Assessment of intraepithelial Langerhans cell ...
Nagy N - - 2005
The oesophageal tonsil of the chicken is a novel member of the mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), which is located around the entrance of the proventriculus. It consists of 6 to 8 single units, which are surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule. Each one is organised around the bottom of the ...
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