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Results 201 - 250 of 1323
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Dejean Anne S AS Molecular Biology Section, Division of Biological Sciences, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California, - - 2009
Foxo transcription factors regulate cell cycle progression, cell survival and DNA-repair pathways. Here we demonstrate that deficiency in Foxo3 resulted in greater expansion of T cell populations after viral infection. This exaggerated expansion was not T cell intrinsic. Instead, it was caused by the enhanced capacity of Foxo3-deficient dendritic cells ...
Takizawa Yuko - - 2009
Histiocytes of Langerhans cell type are recovered from the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with interstitial lung diseases in a nonspecific manner. Langerhans cells (LCs) can be identified through immunostaining for S-100, CD1a, and, more specifically, langerin. To evaluate the diagnostic value of BALF in pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis ...
Toulon Antoine - - 2009
Epidermal T cells have been shown to play unique roles in tissue homeostasis and repair in mice through local secretion of distinct growth factors in the skin. Human epidermis contains both alphabeta(+) and gammadelta(+) T cells whose functional capabilities are not understood. We demonstrate that human epidermal T cells are ...
Prignano Francesca - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a chronic acquired hypomelanotic disorder affecting 0.5-2% of the world's population. The two major pathogenetic hypotheses are focused on immune-mediated or toxic-mediated cell damage primarily directed at melanocytes. Recent experimental data underline the complex interactions that exist between melanocytes and other cells found in the skin. OBJECTIVE: ...
van den Boorn Jasper G - - 2009
In vitiligo, cytotoxic T cells infiltrating the perilesional margin are suspected to be involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. However, it remains to be elucidated whether these T cells are a cause or a consequence of the depigmentation process. T cells we obtained from perilesional skin biopsies, were significantly ...
dos Santos G Galvão - - 2009
Allergic contact dermatitis is the result of an adaptive immune response of the skin to direct exposure to an allergen. Since many chemicals are also allergens, European regulations require strict screening of all ingredients in consumer products. Until recently, identifying a potential allergen has completely relied on animal testing (e.g.: ...
Qin Qi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological studies have proposed that male circumcision reduces the relative risk of acquiring HIV-1. Here, we evaluated the density of Langerhans' cell and degree of keratinization in the foreskins of Chinese preschool boys and adults. METHODS: Sixty preschool boys and 20 healthy men without infectious history following male ...
Cho Whajung - - 2008
CD320 has been recently discovered and reported as a follicular dendritic cell (FDC) protein. Although CD320 is known to enhance proliferation of germinal center (GC) B cells, little other information is available. In this study, we investigated its cellular distribution in the GC. Confocal microscopy of human tonsil sections revealed ...
Singh, A. K.
The bottom dwelling air-breathing catfish, Clarias batrachus   (Linn.) also respires via its skin (an accessory water-breathing organ). Prolonged (90 days) exposure to disodium arsenate heptahydrate has caused massive damage (e.g. wear and tear of various cellular components including club cells, hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the goblet mucous cells, altered ...
Grigorova Irina L IL Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, - - 2009
The cellular dynamics of the egress of lymphocytes from lymph nodes are poorly defined. Here we visualized the branched organization of lymph node cortical sinuses and found that after entry, some T cells were retained, whereas others returned to the parenchyma. T cells deficient in sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor type 1 ...
Huckfeldt Rachel M RM Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, Washington 98195, - - 2009
Sensory neurons with common functions are often nonrandomly arranged and form dendritic territories that show little overlap, or tiling. Repulsive homotypic interactions underlie such patterns in cell organization in invertebrate neurons. It is unclear how dendro-dendritic repulsive interactions can produce a nonrandom distribution of cells and their spatial territories in ...
Ade Nadège - - 2009
Electrophilicity is one of the most common features of skin contact sensitizers and is necessary for protein haptenation. The Keap1 (Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1)/Nrf2 -signaling pathway is dedicated to the detection of electrophilic stress in cells leading to the upregulation of genes involved in protection or neutralization of chemical reactive ...
Satter Elizabeth K - - 2009
The advent of electron microscopy and immunohistochemical stains allowed for reclassification of the histiocytoses based on the predominant cell in the infiltrate. Although the current schema simplicity provides a good foundation, some patients display overlapping clinical and immunohistochemical features that defy classification. The patient herein illustrates bridging between histiocytic disorders. ...
Teixeira da Costa, Cristiana ...
Although Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) was first described a century ago, the aetiology is still not understood. Recent studies on the role of cytokines, chemokines, immunologic dysfunction, cell surface antigen expression, clonality and cell cycle regulation have provided new insights into the pathogenesis of LCH. Much of the data from ...
Boudier Ariane - - 2009
Double-hydrophilic block copolymer micelles were designed as vectors for ex vivo dendritic cell engineering to improve the delivery of therapeutic molecules in such immune cells. Polymethacrylic acid-b-polyethylene oxide (PMAA(2100)-b-POE(5000))/poly-L-lysine micelles were optimised and showed a hydrodynamic diameter of 30 nm with a peculiar core organised with hydrogen bonds as well ...
Reich A - - 2008
Psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease, is believed to be exacerbated by stress. The exact mechanism of this phenomenon is not fully understood, however, it has been postulated that different substances released from dermal nerve endings during stress may take part in initiation or modulation of psoriasis. One of the ...
DeSilva Bernadette - - 2008
The mechanisms whereby narrowband ultraviolet B (UVB) (311-313 nm, TL01) phototherapy are effective in psoriasis may differ from those occurring in broadband UVB phototherapy. In the present study, changes in epidermal cells as a result of TL01 therapy were assessed in the skin of patients with psoriasis. The non-lesional skin ...
Halbgewachs, Colin
Fishes in the superorder Ostariophysi, including fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas), possess specialized epidermal club cells that contain an alarm substance. Damage to these cells, as would occur during a predator attack, causes the release of the alarm substance and can indicate the presence of actively foraging predators to nearby conspecifics. ...
Christodoulou Maria I - - 2008
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune exocrinopathy associated with variable lymphocytic infiltration of the affected organs (primarily salivary and lacrimal glands) and broad clinical manifestations, including lymphoma development. To investigate the potential implication of Foxp3(+) T-regulatory cells in the regulation of SS inflammatory responses, we studied their incidence in ...
Bousso Philippe - - 2008
Interactions between T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) in the lymph nodes are crucial for initiating cell-mediated adaptive immune responses. With the help of two-photon imaging, the complexity of these cellular contacts in vivo has recently been captured in time-lapse movies in several immunological contexts. Well beyond the satisfaction of ...
Bousso Philippe - - 2008
Interactions between T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) in the lymph nodes are crucial for initiating cell-mediated adaptive immune responses. With the help of two-photon imaging, the complexity of these cellular contacts in vivo has recently been captured in time-lapse movies in several immunological contexts. Well beyond the satisfaction of ...
Udey Mark C - - 2008
Mice that are deficient in epidermal Langerhans cells allow the functions of these cells in vivo to be rigorously assessed. Experiments that have been carried out with these animals have yielded surprising results, leading to major changes in existing paradigms. In this issue, Obhrai and coworkers explore the involvement of ...
Berezovski Maxim V - - 2008
Here we introduce a technology for biomarker discovery in which (i) DNA aptamers to biomarkers differentially expressed on the surfaces of cells being in different states are selected; (ii) aptamers are used to isolate biomarkers from the cells; and (iii) the isolated biomarkers are identified by means of mass spectrometry. ...
Zlodre J K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To present the successful treatment of sensorineural hearing loss secondary to Langerhans' cell histiocytosis with low-dose radiotherapy, and also the disparity between radiological resolution of Langerhans' cell histiocytosis lesions and lack of sensorineural hearing loss improvement, accompanied by a review of the literature on otolaryngological manifestations and management of ...
Xiao Shichu - - 2008
Regular observation of the morphology and density of keratinocytes seeded on the surface of a dermal substitute in the process of constructing composite skin ex vivo is of great significance for the assessment of cell survival, proliferative capacity and the growth rate. But dermal substitutes being commonly used now are ...
Krokowski Manuela - - 2008
Dendritic cell neoplasms of the World Health Organization classification comprise Langerhans cell histiocytosis, Langerhans cell sarcoma, interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma, follicular dendritic cell sarcoma, and dendritic cell sarcoma, not otherwise specified. Several studies based on immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analysis tried to further clarify the origin of these neoplasms which are ...
Pulimood Anna B - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Macrophages and dendritic cells are closely related mononuclear phagocytic cells. Little is known about their in vivo role in acute intestinal bacterial infections in humans. We undertook to evaluate these cells in rectal mucosal biopsies of patients with acute colitis. METHODS: All mucosal mononuclear phagocytic cells in ...
Satter Elizabeth K - - 2008
Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare proliferative disorder where pathologic Langerhans cells accumulate in a variety of organs. Historically, the nomenclature regarding this entity has been confusing because the disease had been subcategorized simply based upon the different clinical manifestations. In the following article, we summarize the current recommendation of ...
Caruso Settimo - - 2008
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a disorder of unknown pathogenesis affecting one or more organs (unifocal or disseminated form) due to clonal proliferation of Langerhans cells. Liver involvement is more frequent in the disseminated form and the radiological findings of end-stage liver disease due to LCH are similar to those ...
Tomas Davor - - 2008
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by exaggerated keratinocyte proliferation. Current opinion indicates that psoriasis is driven by T cell-mediated immune responses targeting keratinocytes. However, psoriasis cannot be explained solely on the basis of T-cell activation, and it is likely that an intrinsic alteration in epidermal keratinocytes plays ...
Quesada-Pascual Fausto - - 2008
Armadillos are apparently important reservoirs of Mycobacterium leprae and an animal model for human leprosy, whose immune system has been poorly studied. We aimed at characterizing the armadillo's langerhans cells (LC) using epidermal sheets instead of tissue sections, since the latter restrict analysis only to cut-traversed cells. Epidermal sheets by ...
Admyre C - - 2008
Exosomes are nano-sized membrane vesicles which are released extracellularly after fusion of multivesicular endosomes with the cell membrane. Despite their characteristic composition of proteins compared to the cell membrane, no exosome-specific molecule has so far been characterized. Exosomes are found in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), urine, serum and breast milk, and ...
Lau Sean K - - 2008
Langerin is a type II transmembrane C-type lectin associated with the formation of Birbeck granules in Langerhans cells. Langerin is a highly selective marker for Langerhans cells and the lesional cells of Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Although Langerin protein expression in Langerhans cell histiocytosis has been previously documented, the specificity of ...
Huang Chi-Yen - - 2008
This work investigates the switching characteristics of the polymer-stabilized vertical alignment (VA) liquid crystal (LC) cell. The experimental results reveal that the fall time of the cell declines as the monomer concentration increases because the vertically-aligned polymer networks accelerate the relaxation of the LC molecules. Furthermore, the formed polymer networks ...
Hussein Mahmoud R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Langerhans' cells (CD1a positive, bone marrow-derived cells), are the antigen presenting cells of the skin. Our knowledge about the status of these cells in eczematous dermatitis is incomplete. AIM: This study tests the hypothesis that 'the development of eczematous dermatitis is associated with alterations of Langerhans' cells'. MATERIALS AND ...
Salcedo Suzana P - - 2008
Brucella is an intracellular pathogen able to persist for long periods of time within the host and establish a chronic disease. We show that soon after Brucella inoculation in intestinal loops, dendritic cells from ileal Peyer's patches become infected and constitute a cell target for this pathogen. In vitro, we ...
Viaud S - - 2008
Exosomes are nanometer particles (50-100 nm) secreted by most living cells. The first description of exosomes was made in 1987 by Rose Johnstone, who described a vesicle formation during the maturation process of reticulocytes. At this time it has been suggested that exosome release could represent a major route for ...
Allen Christopher D C CD Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, 513 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0414, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0414, USA. - - 2008
Follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) were identified decades ago by their ability to retain immune complexes and more recent findings indicate that they are a source of B cell attractants and trophic factors. New imaging studies have shown that B cells closely associate with their dendritic processes during migration. Here we ...
Saito, Y.
Copyright APS. This version is available at http://prb.aps.org/
Eves Paula C - - 2008
Obtaining pigmentary function in autologous skin grafts is a current challenge for burn surgeons as is developing reliable robust grafting strategies for patients with vitiligo and piebaldism. In this paper, we present the development of a simple methodology for delivering cultured keratinocytes and melanocytes to the patient that is of ...
Hanten John A - - 2008
Human B cells and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) are the only cells known to express both TLR7 and TLR9. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells are the primary IFN-alpha producing cells in response to TLR7 and TLR9 agonists. The direct effects of TLR7 stimulation on human B cells is less understood. The objective ...
Kuroda Kei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The cell origin of dermatofibroma (DF) has not been clarified satisfactorily. This study was undertaken to assess the distribution of fibroblasts and the relationship between fibroblasts and other constituent cells in DF by 47-kDa heat-shock protein (HSP47), a cell marker for skin fibroblast. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed to evaluate ...
Bacci Stefano - - 2008
In atherogenesis, dendritic cells, beside presenting antigens, may be sources of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha and nitric oxide (NO), together with mast cells and smooth muscle cells. We have looked at the expression of TNFalpha and inducible NO synthase (iNOs) by these cells by affinity cytochemistry in autoptical specimens from ...
Zimmerli Simone C - - 2008
Claudin-1 (CLDN1) is a structural tight junction (TJ) protein and is expressed in differentiating keratinocytes and Langerhans cells in the epidermis. Our objective was to identify immunoreactive CLDN1 in human epidermal Langerhans cells and to examine the pattern of epidermal Langerhans cells in genetic human CLDN1 deficiency [neonatal ichthyosis, sclerosing ...
Kinoshita Isao - - 2008
Changes in nuclear DNA content and cell size of adaxial and abaxial epidermal pavement cells were investigated using bright light-induced leaf expansion of Phaseolus vulgaris plants. In primary leaves of bean plants grown under high (sunlight) or moderate (ML; photon flux density, 163 micromol m(-2) s(-1)) light, most adaxial epidermal ...
Takeuchi Takamasa - - 2008
Mouse 3T3-Swiss albino cells are widely used as feeder cells to culture the human epidermis for the treatment of burns. To minimize the risk of xenoinfection, quality control of the feeder cells is required in the Japanese guidelines on regenerative medicine using feeder cells. We characterized three lots of 3T3-Swiss ...
Baratelli Felicita - - 2008
Our previous studies have demonstrated that transduction of human dendritic cells (DC) with adenovirus encoding secondary lymphoid chemokine, CCL21, led to secretion of biologically active CCL21 without altering DC phenotype or viability. In addition, intratumoral injections of CCL21-transduced DC into established murine lung tumors resulted in complete regression and protective ...
Galan Anjela - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In clinical and histopathological practice, it is sometimes difficult to distinguish pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (PEH) from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin. Several studies have shown a low density of Langerhans cells in SCC of the skin, and recent research on cervical SCCs has suggested that the decreased density ...
Baudino, Sylvie
We localized the tissues and cells that contribute to scent biosynthesis in scented and nonscented Rosa x hybrida cultivars as part of a detailed cytological analysis of the rose petal. Adaxial petal epidermal cells have a typical conical, papillate shape whereas abaxial petal epidermal cells are flat. Using two different ...
Alpert Michael H - - 2007
Nitric oxide (NO) is a highly diffusible signalling molecule with widespread effects on the integrative electrical properties of a variety of neuronal and muscle cells. We have explored the effects of NO on the cardiac-like impulse generated by skin cells of the hatchling Xenopus tadpole. Skin cell impulses propagate from ...
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