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Lima C M F - - 2010
A better understanding of dendritic cell (DC) involvement in responses to haptenic drugs is needed, because it represents a possible approach to the development of an in vitro test, which could identify patients prone to drug allergies. There are two main DC subsets: plasmacytoid DC (pDC) and myeloid DC (mDC). ...
Comabella Manuel - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered to be a predominantly T-cell-mediated disease, and emerging evidence indicates that dendritic cells have a critical role in the initiation and progression of this debilitating condition. Dendritic cells are specialized antigen-presenting cells that can prime naive T cells and modulate adaptive immune responses. Their powerful ...
Kanitakis Jean - - 2011
Epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) are dendritic, antigen-presenting cells residing within mammalian epidermis and mucosal epithelia. When massively depleted, they are replaced by cells of bone-marrow origin. However, their renewal within normal skin under steady-state conditions is not precisely known. We observed that epidermal LC within a human hand allograft remain ...
Zhou Tian - - 2010
The recently discovered dendritic cell nuclear protein-1 is the product of a novel candidate gene for major depression. The A allele encodes full-length dendritic cell nuclear protein-1, while the T allele encodes a premature termination of translation at codon number 117 on chromosome 5. In the present study we investigate ...
Wang Yan - - 2010
PURPOSE: To observe morphologic changes and the distribution of dendritic cells in pterygium using in vivo laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. METHODS: Twenty-six eyes of 26 patients with pterygium and 17 eyes of 17 healthy subjects were recruited. Using LSCM, in vivo images of the pterygium ...
Mitsuya Juniku - - 2011
We recently encountered a 2-year-old boy with slightly infiltrative brown papules on the face, trunk, and extremities. Stroking of one of the papules produced an urticarial wheal (positive Darier's sign). Histopathologic tests revealed a dense infiltration of mast cells containing numerous granules and showing metachromasia under Toluidine blue staining. Immunohistochemical ...
Hugues Stéphanie - - 2010
Antigen-specific dendritic cells (DC)-T cell encounters occur in lymph nodes (LNs) and are essential for the induction of both priming and tolerance. In both cases, T cells are rapidly activated and proliferate. However, the subsequent outcome of T cell activation depends on the modulation of different DC- and T cell-intrinsic ...
Ouwehand Krista - - 2010
Skin irritation is generally not considered to be an immunological event; however, alterations in the density of Langerhans cells (LC) in the epidermis do occur, which is indicative of LC migration. In this study, we investigated the migration of LC out of the epidermis after skin exposure to contact irritants ...
Tóth Kinga - - 2010
Calretinin is expressed mainly in interneurons that specialize to innervate either principal cell dendrites or other interneurons in the human hippocampus. Calretinin-containing cells were shown to be vulnerable in animal models of ischaemia and epilepsy. In the human hippocampus, controversial data were published regarding their sensitivity in epilepsy. Therefore we ...
Simons Michiel - - 2010
We report a patient with vulvar lichen sclerosus, Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), and later vulvar cancer. In LCH, high amounts of non functional Langerhans cells are present in the affected tissue, making it possible that LCH may have contributed to vulvar cancer development in this patient.
Patel Payal - - 2010
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease characterized by a proliferation of Langerhans cells. Several organs may be involved, including the skin, bone, and central nervous system. Adult onset of LCH and solely localized cutaneous involvement are quite uncommon. Langerhans cell histiocytosis has been found in combination with other ...
Havran Wendy L WL Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. - - 2010
The murine epidermis contains resident T cells that express a canonical gammadelta TCR. These cells arise from fetal thymic precursors and use a TCR that is restricted to the skin in adult animals. These cells assume a dendritic morphology in normal skin and constitutively produce low levels of cytokines that ...
Gong L - - 2010
Some studies have demonstrated that Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a neoplastic hyperplasia of Langerhans cells, however some researchers consider that clonality should be assessed in more patients with LCH, both at disease presentation and during the disease course. Monoclonality is a major characteristic of most tumours, whereas normal tissue ...
Yang Grace C H - - 2010
A hybrid histiocytic sarcoma-interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma was found in a small perinephric lymph node of an asymptomatic 80-year-old man, who presented a year ago with two small foci of lung metastasis found during routine chest X-ray. Fine needle aspiration cytology demonstrated interconnecting long and thin cell processes radiating from ...
Zhang Cuiping - - 2010
Differentiated epidermal cells can dedifferentiate into stem cells or stem cell-like cells in vivo. In this study, we report the isolation and characterization of dedifferentiation-derived cells. Epidermal sheets eliminated of basal stem cells were transplanted onto the skin wounds in 47 nude athymic (BALB/c-nu/nu) mice. After 5 days, cells negative ...
Berk David R - - 2010
Multiple Spitz nevi are rare and may occur in agminated, widespread, or dermatomal distributions. Agminated Spitz nevi usually arise in children, presenting on grossly normal, hyperpigmented, or most rarely, hypopigmented skin. We present a child with Langerhans cell histiocytosis who developed bilateral agminated Spitz nevi in the inguinal area. Unusual ...
Apa Duygu Dusmez - - 2010
Early stage (IA, IB, IIA) mycosis fungoides (MF) has long been treated with various agents including oral psoralen plus UVA (PUVA), broadband and narrowband. The histopathological changes seen after phototherapy have not been clearly described. Twenty-three skin biopsy specimens of MF patients treated with phototherapy both UVA and UVB were ...
Dubrac Sandrine - - 2010
The manifestation of atopic dermatitis (AD) results from a complex interaction of environmental factors, skin barrier defects and immunological phenomena. The initial events in AD remain unclear while much progress has been made in identifying the mechanisms leading to the manifestation and maintenance of allergic inflammation. AD pathogenesis can be ...
Elbe-Bürger Adelheid - - 2010
The skin, and in particular the epidermis, is a physical barrier that protects the body from external threats and is critically involved in immune reactivity. Professional antigen-presenting cells, such as epidermal Langerhans cells and dermal dendritic cells, are gaining prominence as principal players orchestrating the decision between immunity and tolerance. ...
Nabeshi H - - 2010
Amorphous silica nanoparticles (nSPs), are widely used in medicines, cosmetics and food. However, due to their reduced particle size they are suspected to pose new risks induced by changes in biological reactivity and kinetics, which differ from those of bulk materials. In a previous study, we showed that silica particles ...
Mehta Bijal - - 2010
A 1(1/2)-year-old boy with Langerhans cell histiocytosis presented with a frontal bone mass showing features of eosinophilic granuloma. He subsequently developed multiple asymptomatic discrete hypopigmented papules on the face, trunk and extremities, which, on histology, were confirmed as Langerhans cell histiocytosis, a presentation hitherto unreported in literature. He responded well ...
Santos Itamar - - 2010
Basal cell carcinoma affects areas of the body that have been exposed to the sun, and this disorder has different clinical and histopathologic presentations. Some of these forms have a higher potential of local aggressiveness, while others have a lower potential. Langerhans cells actively participate in the skin immune system. ...
Carrillo Celia - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the presence and distribution of Langerhans cells in periapical lesions, and correlate this with inflammatory cell infiltration and epithelial cell proliferation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy chronic dental periradicular lesions, obtained during periapical surgery from 70 patients, were included in this study, ...
Grainger John R - - 2010
Each microenvironment is controlled by a specific set of regulatory elements that have to be finely and constantly tuned to maintain local homeostasis. These environments could be site specific, such as the gut environment, or induced by chronic exposure to microbes. Various populations of dendritic cells are central to the ...
Yan Zhonghua Z Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5606, - - 2010
Activation and proliferation of T cells require a reducing extracellular microenvironment in the immune synapse that is provided by antigen presenting cells, especially dendritic cells. Stimulation of dendritic cells by T cells activates the NF-kappaB pathway in dendritic cells and induces an antioxidant response. It also enhances system x(c)(-)-dependent cystine ...
Spanedda Maria Vittoria - - 2010
Four novel water-soluble lipid immunoadjuvants were designed, synthesized and characterized by MS and NMR. They all induce mouse dendritic cell maturation and B cell proliferation. We demonstrate that in spite of the chemical modification, the four compounds remain TLR2 agonists.
Sartorius Karin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence and density of the nerve fibre-marker protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5), with immunohistochemistry, in skin from patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). Punch biopsies were obtained from 16 patients; 10 with involvement of the groin and six with axillary disease. ...
Meyer W - - 2010
Using the zinc-iodide osmium tetroxide (ZIO) method, TEM and immunohistochemistry (for CD1a and langerin), the study demonstrates Langerhans cells in the oesophageal epithelium of domesticated mammals (herbivores: horse, cattle, goat; omnivores: pig, dog, laboratory rat; carnivores: cat), although with variations between the species. The ZIO method and TEM showed this ...
Hussein Mahmoud Rezk Abdelwahed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cholesteatoma consists of keratinizing squamous epithelium, granulation tissue and keratin plugs. The pathogenesis of cholesteatoma may be related to alterations in the stromal immune cell infiltrate. OBJECTIVE: To examine the immunophenotypic characteristics of the immune cell infiltrate in invasive cholesteatomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 12 patients with ...
Quaresma Juarez Antonio Simoes - - 2010
Jorge Lobo's disease is a chronic infection caused by the fungus Lacazia loboi endemic in South America. The infection is characterized by the appearance of parakeloidal, ulcerated or verrucous nodular or plaque-like cutaneous lesions. The histopathological aspect is characterized by poorly organized granulomas with histiocytes and multinucleated giant cells. Little ...
Tharakan Sasha - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In a multi-project research line, we are currently testing whether a morphologically and functionally near normal epidermis can be cultured from human sweat gland (SG) cells and be used as a skin substitute. The present study focuses on the stratum corneum of the epidermis that assumes a vital barrier ...
Bacci Stefano - - 2010
Langerhans cells are a dendritic cell type characteristic of the epidermis. Since mast cells secrete molecules potentially influent on dendritic cell differentiation, we have addressed the degree of proximity between these two cell types in biopsies of skin diseases characterized by massive influx of dendritic cell precursors. By fluorescence microscopy, ...
Drut Ricardo - - 2010
Langerhans cells histiocytosis (LCH) affecting the skin most commonly has clinical and histopathologic diagnostic features. We are reporting two examples of Langerhans cell (LC) hyperplasia recognized in the skin biopsies of two children initially interpreted as LCH. The first was an 8-year-old boy finally interpreted as having an atypical type ...
Kato Shinichiro - - 2010
Antigen-presenting cells are key vehicles for delivering antigens in tumor immunotherapy, and the most potent of them are dendritic cells (DCs). Recent studies have demonstrated the usefulness of DCs genetically modified by lipofection in tumor immune therapy, although sufficient gene transduction into DCs is quite difficult. Here, we show that ...
Suhail Zahid - - 2010
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a very rare entity. So far only 12 cases have been reported world wide with involvement of tonsil. We present a new case of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of the tonsil in a 52 years old woman with no evidence of neck node involvement. She ...
Aouba Achille - - 2009
A 27-year-old man consulted with clinical and radiological features of chronic erosive oligoarthritis of large joints (hips and knee), associated with diffuse lymph-node enlargement and diabetes insipidus. Lymph-node biopsy provided the diagnosis of systemic Langerhans' cell histiocytosis, for which synovial involvement remains a diagnostic challenge. Infectious diseases search and immunological ...
Ding Chuanlin - - 2009
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are specialized type I IFN producers, which play an important role in pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders. Dysregulated autoreactive B cell activation is a hallmark in most autoimmune diseases. This study was undertaken to investigate interactions between pDCs and autoreactive B cells. After coculture of autoreactive B ...
Ouwehand Krista - - 2010
As the induction of contact hypersensitivity is the result of a series of cellular processes, including maturation and migration of epidermal dendritic cells (Langerhans cells (LC)), a battery of assays based on these in vivo events might provide a robust in vitro predictability model for distinguishing sensitizers from non-sensitizers. Therefore, ...
Tinsa F - - 2010
Langerhans cell histiocytosis, previously known as histiocytosis X, is a disease whose clinical presentation varies. Although it is uncommon, Langerhans cell histiocytosis may involve the perianal region. We report the case of a 2-year-old boy who presented with perianal ulcerated vegetative lesions and seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp. Biopsy of ...
Ly Nary - - 2010
The CD1 molecules are cell-surface proteins that bind and present foreign lipids and glycolipids to T cells in a manner similar to the MHC system. While the mammalian CD1 antigen presentation pathway is well characterized, little is known about CD1 in non-mammalian vertebrates. Previous studies have identified two CD1 homologues ...
Kim Wook Youn - - 2010
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is characterized by proliferation of spindled to ovoid cells reminiscent of follicular dendritic cells. However, the association of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma with a dense infiltration of immature T cells has not hitherto been reported. We report an unusual case of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of ...
Degar Barbara A - - 2009
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is the unifying designation for a rare proliferative disorder that occurs predominantly in childhood and involves the main antigen-presenting cell of the epidermis. LCH can present in a multitude of ways, from a self-limited rash that resolves spontaneously to a systemic multi-organ disease with a 20% ...
Lovy Jan - - 2009
The presence of dendritic cells in fish is studied with immunohistochemistry using a commercially available antibody developed against Langerin/CD207 present in human Langerhans cells. Langerin/CD207, a protein known to be associated with the development of Birbeck granules in human and murine systems, was found to be expressed within the cytoplasm ...
Kluger Nicolas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fibroblastic rheumatism is a unique fibro-proliferative disease affecting the skin and joints. It is characterized by distinctive clinical and histological features related to benign spindle-shaped cells proliferation. Pediatric reports are scarce in the literature. OBJECTIVE: We describe here a new case in a 10-year-old boy and discuss the potential ...
Caltabiano Rosario - - 2010
We first report a case of granular cell histiocytosis occurring as a solitary polypoid lesion of the nipple in a 15-year-old girl. Histologically, the lesion was composed of a dermal population of medium- to large-sized, short spindle- to round- to epithelioid-shaped cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm containing numerous and small diastase-resistant ...
Koster Maranke I MI Department of Dermatology and Charles C Gates Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Biology Program, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado 80045, USA. - - 2009
The skin functions as a barrier protecting the body from dehydration and environmental insults. This barrier function is mainly provided by the outermost layer of the skin, the epidermis. The epidermis is maintained by epidermal stem cells which reside in the basal layer and which generate daughter cells that move ...
Ogunwale Bamikole - - 2009
The increase in metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties has led to concern regarding the effect of raised serum and tissue metal ion levels. Our aim was to determine changes in the integrity and function of cells of the immune system after exposure to CoCr nanoparticles in specific cell culture experiments. Nanometer-sized particles ...
Hamamoto T - - 2009
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is an inducible isoform of COX and is expressed under abnormal health conditions. This study elucidated the cutaneous induction of COX-2 during the wound healing processes in dog skin. Dog skin was sutured after punch biopsy and investigated histologically and immunohistochemically on days 0 (normal), 1, 3, 5, ...
Suzuki Kazuhiro - - 2009
The prominent display of opsonized antigen by follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) has long favored the view that they serve as antigen-presenting cells for B cells. Surprisingly, however, although B cell capture of antigen from macrophages and dendritic cells has been visualized, acquisition from FDCs has not been directly observed. Using ...
Mesquita Ana Terezinha Marques - - 2009
The central granular cell odontogenic tumor (CGCOT) is a rare lesion that usually affects the posterior region of the mandible of young adults. We present a case of CGCOT involving the mandible of a 20-year-old white woman, emphasizing the immunohistochemical characteristics using a large panel of antibodies. The lesion was ...
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