Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1299
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Gibson G E - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN: Langerhans cells (LC) are a unique population of antigen-presenting cells in the epidermis which may play a role in the defense mechanisms against skin tumors. Renal transplant recipients (RTRs) have a significantly increased incidence of premalignant and malignant skin lesions. Langerhans cells, which are important for local ...
Tomaszewski M M - - 1998
Twenty-nine cases of histiocytic neoplasms, some resembling juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) and others resembling reticulohistiocytoma (RH), were evaluated. Immunohistochemical stains were performed. In this series, seven cases were identified that expressed S-100 protein positive cells. The S-100 positive cells were predominantly large mononuclear and multinucleated histiocytes with eosinophilic cytoplasm, but also ...
Prignano F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The skin immune system comprises two types of dendritic cells, i.e. CD1a-positive Langerhans cells in the epidermis and CD36-positive dendritic macrophages in the dermis. Dendritic cells can migrate from skin explants into a culture medium. METHODS: We have examined the morphology and immunophenotype of the dendritic cells migrating from ...
Diamond F B FB - - 1998
Langerhans cell histiocytosis may be seen with goiter and histiocytic infiltration of the thyroid. We report a 2 1/2-year-old boy who had goiter and primary hypothyroidism develop, later had pulmonary disease, and died of neurologic involvement. Autopsy lesions suggested a transitional dendritic cell precursor of the epidermal Langerhans cell. Of ...
Würtzen P A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Pollinosis, caused by grasses of the Poaceae family, is a problem worldwide. The relative importance of grass groups 1 and 5 major allergens is well established. However, not much is known about the recognition of these allergens by T cells and whether this T-cell reactivity correlates with skin reactivity ...
Glade C P - - 1998
A parallel-group, double-blind, randomised study was performed to establish the effect of the vitamin D3 analogue KH 1060, in an ointment versus vehicle only, on the epidermal cell characteristics of chronic idiopathic lichen planus; KH 1060 also has marked immunosuppressive activity. A group of 10 patients were treated for 8 ...
Michal M - - 1998
We report on nine cases of cellular blue naevi with distinctive arrangement of cells into the microalveolar pattern. This microalveolar pattern was usually seen in the deeper parts of cellular blue naevi and was composed of a few epithelioid cells surrounded by bipolar dendritic pigmented cells. This unusual pattern often ...
Licata A - - 1998
Serotonin (5HT), endothelin-big (ET-big) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) are present in some epithelial paraneuronal cells of vertebrates. In the invertebrates, we show for the first time, by immunofluorescence and immunoperoxidase methods, the immunoreactions to antibodies raised to ET, 5-HT and NSE in the epidermis of the Lumbricus terrestris. It is ...
Demitsu T - - 1998
We have recently observed mast cell infiltration in malignant schwannoma (MS) arising in the patient with von Recklinghausen's disease. To determine the cell to cell interactions between human skin mast cell (HSMC) and MS cell, we investigated the HSMC survival and the morphological changes when cultured with MS-derived cells isolated ...
Appleby C - - 1997
Skin morphology of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, parr infected with Gyrodactylus salaris was examined for 3 yr in the river Batnfjordselva in Norway and compared to that of uninfected salmon parr from a neighboring river. The epidermis of the infected population had more cell layers and was thicker than the ...
Kremer I B - - 1997
In this study, we investigated the effect of ultraviolet B radiation on human Langerhans cell function. Normal human skin was irradiated ex vivo with single doses of ultraviolet B. For assessment of T-cell stimulatory function, cells that spontaneously migrated from epidermal sheets were used, whereas full-thickness skin biopsies were used ...
Lin O - - 1997
Castleman's disease of hyaline-vascular type (HV CD) may rarely be associated with a confusing variety of stromal cell overgrowths and neoplasms. We report here on the pathologic and clinical findings of 10 such cases. In addition to the usual complex histoimmunophenotype of the stroma of HV CD and some unusual ...
Torii H - - 1997
Epidermal Langerhans cells are frequently anatomically associated with calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing nerves. Furthermore, calcitonin gene-related peptide inhibits Langerhans cells antigen-presenting function in several assays. Studies were performed to further explore the hypothesis that Langerhans cells and nerves have a functional relationship. To examine whether Langerhans cells may produce factors that ...
Visonneau S - - 1997
The human MHC nonrestricted cytotoxic T-cell line TALL-104 exerts potent antitumor effects in animal models with both induced and spontaneous cancers. The present report documents the ability of systemically delivered TALL-104 cells to induce durable clinical remissions in four of four dogs with malignant histiocytosis (MH). The animals received multiple ...
Natah S S - - 1997
The factor XIIIa-positive (FXIIIa+) cell is a potent antigen-presenting cell, which has been described as increasing in numbers in various chronic inflammatory conditions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution and frequency of FXIIIa+ cells in acute recurrent aphthous ulcer (RAU) lesions compared with induced traumatic ulcer ...
Banner B - - 1997
Dendritic cells are immune accessory cells which are widely distributed in many tissues. Those which are present within lymphoid follicle centers are classified as follicular dendritic cells. Those which are found outside germinal centers may be referred to as interdigitating reticulum cells, or Langerhans cells when they occur in the ...
Hayashi T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) in the pathogenesis of the lesions of pulmonary Langerhans' cell granulomatosis. DESIGN: Immunohistochemical and confocal microscopic studies were made of lung biopsy specimens from five patients with pulmonary Langerhans' cell granulomatosis. RESULTS: The reactivity of Langerhans' ...
Talme T - - 1997
This study presents an immunohistochemical characterization of somatostatin-positive dendritic cells in psoriatic lesions. Somatostatin is a neuropeptide with inhibitory action on several neuropeptides and hormones, but also with immunomodulating properties, and has been used in several studies as treatment for psoriasis. The number of somatostatin-positive dendritic cells was found to ...
Bodaghi B - - 1997
PURPOSE: To evaluate limbal conjunctival Langerhans cell density in ocular cicatricial pemphigoid patients versus normal controls. Langerhans cells obviously play a major role in T-cell activation and are involved in corneal and conjunctival inflammatory diseases. METHODS: We used a protease (Dispase II) on inferior limbal conjunctival biopsies to separate the ...
Nicod L P - - 1997
Alveolar macrophages (AM) from sarcoid patients have been shown to be good antigen presenting cells (APC) unlike normal AM which are usually ineffective. We demonstrate in ten consecutive sarcoid patients that most of their AM, unlike normal AM, do coexpress high levels of CD86, CD40, and CD30L, all known to ...
Furukawa M - - 1997
An unusual case of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in a 7-year-old female is presented. She had ultrastructural evidence of desmosomal biogenesis and formation of gland-like structures by lesional cells; their apical plasma membranes were folded into large numbers of microvilli. Despite the presence of these structures characteristic of epithelial cells, an ...
Tivol E A - - 1997
Mice lacking CTLA-4 develop a fatal spontaneous lymphoproliferative disease with massive lymphocytic infiltrates and tissue destruction in many organs. CTLA-4-deficient (-/-) splenocytes and lymph node cells proliferate without added stimuli in vitro. We report here that CTLA4Ig treatment of CTLA-4 -/- mice prevents lymphoproliferation and fatal multiorgan tissue damage in ...
Manente L - - 1997
A 64-year-old woman, otherwise healthy, presented with multiple reddish-brown, slightly yellowish papules on the face and neck, which had developed 3 years earlier. The lesions were painless and nonpruritic and varied in diameter from 1 to 5 mm. Histological and immunohistochemical examination of cutaneous biopsies revealed a diffuse dermal infiltrate ...
Terns R M - - 1997
To identify genomic regions required for establishment and patterning of the epidermis, we screened 58 deficiencies that collectively delete at least approximately 67% of the Caenorhabditis elegans genome. The epidermal pattern of deficiency homozygous embryos was analyzed by examining expression of a marker specific for one of the three major ...
Kobayashi Y - - 1997
For initiation of the contact hypersensitivity response, epidermal Langerhans' cells (LC) migrate from the epidermis to draining nodes via afferent lymphatics by passing through the basement membrane. In this study, we examined production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in LC-enriched epidermal cells to clarify the type of enzymes involved in LC ...
Gerritsen M J - - 1997
The peripheral changes in the uninvolved skin adjacent to the extending psoriatic lesions may represent early events. The sequence of these events remains controversial. In the present study we evaluated epidermal and dermal aspects of the margin of the progressive psoriatic plaque, the distant uninvolved skin and normal healthy skin, ...
Gjomarkaj M - - 1997
Dendritic cells are human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR positive accessory cells, that play a critical role in the development of cell-mediated immune reactions. Since the pleural space is frequently involved in cell-mediated immune reactions, we sought to isolate dendritic cells from pleural fluid. Pleural effusion mononuclear cells (PEMCs) were obtained by ...
Bergmann M - - 1997
A 38 year-old woman with a solitary intracerebral Langerhans cell histocytosis (LCH) lesion is presented, in whom, cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a non-enhancing mass in the right parieto-occipital lobe. The surgical specimen consisted of a nodular polymorphic infiltrate of mononuclear histiocytic cells, macrophages, eosinophilic granulocytes, lymphocytes and Langerhans ...
Kippenberger S - - 1997
Human melanocytes of the adult skin are slow-cycling cells with a highly dendritic morphology. Nevertheless in vitro proliferation can be achieved using adequate stimulators. Time lapse studies revealed the morphologic changes during melanocyte mitosis: dendrites are drawn back into the cell body, the cell becomes spherical and detaches from the ...
Toyoda M - - 1997
Langerhans cells were studied comparatively by electron microscopy in order to explore their possible participation in cutaneous photoaging processes in chronically photodamaged preauricular skin and in paired sun-protected postauricular sites of 25 Caucasian women aged 56-76 years. The characteristic ultrastructural features of Langerhans cells in photodamaged skin compared to those ...
Gilcrease M Z - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that localized Langerhans cell histiocytosis may represent an exaggerated form of a proliferative process that has been reported in a few patients with myasthenia gravis. To evaluate the relationship between thymic Langerhans' cell proliferation and myasthenia gravis, we analyzed a rare case of localized thymic ...
Townsend W L - - 1997
The distribution of Langerhans cells in normal, acanthotic and neoplastic ovine epithelium was examined using the enzyme marker Acetylcholinesterase (AchE) and monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) to CD1 (20.27) and MHC Class II (49.1 and 28.1) molecules. In normal skin, where Langerhans cells were regularly spaced within the basal layer, qualitative observations ...
Pinkus G S - - 1997
Immunohistochemical localization of human fascin, a distinct 55-kd actin-bundling protein, was determined for a wide variety of lymphoid tissues (364 specimens total). In non-neoplastic tissues, reactivity was highly selective and localized predominantly in dendritic cells. In the thymus, this protein was distinctly localized to medullary dendritic cells. In reactive nodes, ...
Mori O - - 1997
In involved epidermis, Paget cells are completely enclosed by the surrounding keratinocytes, which appear to be intact and unaltered. It is possible that the surrounding keratinocytes inhibit Paget cell proliferation. Accordingly, Paget cells might proliferate differently when cultured as an epidermal cell suspension. In this study, primary monolayer cultures of ...
Riley P A - - 1997
The pigmentary function of epidermal melanocytes depends on the donation of melanin granules to the surrounding surface structures. This involves transfer of cytoplasm (cytocrine transfer) from melanocytes to keratocytes, a process which requires competence of the donor cells and the availability of adjacent competent recipient cells. Donor cell competence involves ...
Watanabe M - - 1997
Axons of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) of adult cats were transected and regenerated by the transplantation of peripheral nerves. Two months after transplantation dendritic arbors of RGCs with regenerated axons (r-RGCs) were visualized with intracellular injections of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The HRP-filled r-RGCs were classified as alpha, beta, gamma, or ...
Kwon O S - - 1997
A 23-year-old man with Langerhans cell histiocytosis presented with asymptomatic, purplish, slightly scaly, confluent papules of one year's duration. Histological studies of biopsy specimens revealed a dense infiltrate of histiocytic mononuclear cells beneath the epidermis; these cells reacted strongly with anti-S-100 antibodies. Extensive investigations failed to detect systemic involvement. He ...
Ferluga D - - 1997
The aim of the study was to evaluate the intraepithelial and stromal density of Langerhans cells and lymphoid infiltrate in different stages of carcinogenesis in vocal cord biopsies of 24 randomly selected patients with chronic laryngitis. The Langerhans and lymphoid cells were counted using immunolabelling with antibodies against CD1a, S100, ...
Silverman J S - - 1996
Factor XIIIa+ dendrophages and CD34+ "deep dermal dendrocytes" are distinct subsets of embryonic dermal dendritic stem cells that persist in interstitial and adventitial sites in adult dermis. We encountered a unique myxoid dermal tumor composed of these two cell types. It arose after trauma to the thumb of a 49-year-old ...
Choate K A - - 1996
Therapeutic gene delivery in severe genetic skin disease may require production of a uniformly corrected population of cells capable of regeneration of normal skin elements when returned to the host. To achieve this, we have used lamellar ichthyosis (LI), a disorder of epidermal differentiation recently associated with defects in keratinocyte ...
Klimek V - - 1996
Recent reports of specific topographic patterns of cell loss in the locus coeruleus (LC) in psychiatric and neurologic disorders underscores the need for detailed neurochemical analyses of this cell group. In this study, the anatomical distribution of alpha 2-adrenoceptors and its relationship to the distribution of noradrenergic neurons in the ...
Gallego M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The bursa of Fabricius provided the microenvironment for B-cell differentiation. Continuous contact between lymphoid cells and antigen in the bursa further suggested that antigenic material has an important influence on the maintenance and development of B cells in the bursa. In addition, a dendritic cell, the bursal secretory dendritic ...
Takano Y - - 1996
Immunocompetent cells in the enamel organ of rat incisors were examined immunohistochemically using OX6, ED1, and ED2 monoclonal antibodies known to recognize the Class II MHC molecules, a monocyte-macrophage lineage, and residential macrophages, respectively. The OX6 immunopositive cells (MHC cells) were located exclusively in the enamel maturation zone. MHC cells ...
Rahimi S - - 1996
The histologic and immunohistochemical features of a case of adult solitary cutaneous myofibroma are reported. The lesion consisted of interlacing bundles of spindle cells arranged around small vessels with hemangiopericytomatous appearance. Neoplastic cells were positive for vimentin and actin. Desmin, cytokeratins and Factor XIIIa were negative. Scattered Langerhans cells positive ...
Kröncke R - - 1996
Interleukin-7 (IL-7) has long been known as a potent growth factor in lymphocyte development. However, recent data obtained in vitro revealed additional functions for this cytokine, e.g. IL-7 influences the generation of cytotoxic T cells and NK cells, and in higher concentrations, activates monocytes in a manner similar to bacterial ...
Zelger B W - - 1996
Based on our series of 111 cases of non-Langerhans cell histiocytoses, we present a new unifying concept for this rare group of disorders. The common denominator is the monocyte/ macrophage, which presents with various histologic features probably due to the influence of cytokines. Non-Langerhans cell histiocytoses are classified according to ...
Galasso F - - 1996
In a group of nickel sensitized women, we investigated the effects of topical application of testosterone propionate on the epidermic density of CD1 + dendritic cells and on the response to patch tests performed with scaled nickel concentrations. In a significant number of examined subjects, treatment with testosterone propionate induced ...
Iizuka H - - 1996
Psoriatic hyperproliferative epidermis is characterized by a regular elongation of rete ridges, accompanied by altered keratinization. Another notable finding is close positioning of the vasculature to the suprapapillary epidermis. These architectural/morphological changes are naturally described by a concept of epidermal remodelling based on decreased epidermal turnover time. The recently described ...
Kitahama S - - 1996
Involvement of the thyroid gland by Langerhans' cell histiocytosis is quite rare. We describe the case of a 58-year-old man referred for treatment of a progressively enlarging goitre. The trachea was severely stenotic and adjacent structures such as the left carotid vein and the thyroid cartilage were also involved. Central ...
Airas L - - 1996
Lymphocyte-vascular adhesion protein-2 was recently identified as CD73. The CD73 molecule, otherwise known as ecto-5'-nucleotidase, is a lymphocyte maturation marker that is involved in intracellular signaling, and lymphocyte proliferation and activation. We now show that CD73, in addition to mediating lymphocyte binding to endothelial cells, also mediates adhesion between B ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >