Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1607
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Hermann Marcela - - 2003
The synthesis and secretion of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) in response to the treatment with estrogen were investigated in the chicken hepatoma cell line, LMH-2A. Exposure of these cells to exogenous estrogen for up to 48 h results in a decrease of apoA-I production, as evident from Western blotting, immunoprecipitation, and ...
Choi Hong Y - - 2003
The cholesterol trafficking defect in Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease leads to impaired regulation of cholesterol esterification, cholesterol synthesis, and low density lipoprotein receptor activity. The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), which mediates the rate-limiting step in high density lipoprotein (HDL) particle formation, is also regulated by cell cholesterol content. ...
Huang, Chih-chun Jean
A mouse lymphatic endothelial cell (SVEC4-10) model and a human intestinal cell (C2BBe1) model in vitro were developed and capable to be used to study antioxidant activity, hypocholesterolemic capability and digestibility of γ-oryzanol. The critical and vital parameters in developing these cell models were the emulsion preparation of hydrophobic compounds ...
Ong John M - - 2003
Studies have shown an intimate relationship between cholesterol and retinal diseases; we examined the effects of cholesterol oxides on cultured cells. Using the rat retinal precursor cell line R28 and the human RPE cell line ARPE-19, we investigated the potential cytotoxicity of cholesterol oxides. Cultured R28 and ARPE-19 cells were ...
Wu Qian - - 2003
The theca-interstitial cells take up plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL)- and low-density-lipoprotein-derived cholesterol to convert into steroid hormones. The uptake of HDL-derived cholesterol is mediated by the scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI). In nonsteroidogenic cells, HDL-stimulated efflux of cholesterol has been shown to be mediated by the ATP-binding cassette ...
Strauss Juliane G - - 2003
We previously reported that endothelial-derived lipase (EDL) efficiently hydrolyses high-density-lipoprotein-derived phosphatidycholine (HDL-PC). In the present study, we assessed the ability of EDL to supply HepG2 cells with non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) liberated from HDL-phospholipids. For this purpose, HepG2 cells infected with adenovirus encoding human EDL (EDL-Ad), or with control beta-galactosidase-expressing ...
Marchesan Denis - - 2003
We developed a microsome-based, cell-free system that assembles newly formed triglyceride (TG) into spherical lipid droplets. These droplets were recovered in the d </= 1.055 g/ml fraction by gradient ultracentrifugation and were similar in size and appearance to those isolated from rat adipocytes and 3T3-L1 cells. Caveolin 1 and 2, ...
Ljungberg M C - - 2003
As part of investigations of the cellular uptake of apolipoprotein E (apoE) relevant to Alzheimer's disease we have found that different preparations of apoE are handled differently by cells expressing the LDL-receptor. Comparing recombinant, cellular and native apoE, complexed with different preparations of lipid we find that only cellular and ...
Dever Gary - - 2003
Chlorohydrins of stearoyl-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine (SOPC), stearoyl-linoleoyl phosphatidylcholine, and stearoyl-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine were incubated with cultured myeloid cells (HL60) for 24 h, and the cellular ATP level was measured using a bioluminescent assay. The chlorohydrins caused significant depletion of cellular ATP in the range 10-100 microM. The ATP depletion by the phospholipid ...
Kuo Chun-Hsien - - 2003
In this study we investigated the roles of lipid rafts and glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) in the process of VacA binding and internalization into epithelial cells. Vacuolating activity analysis in AGS, CHO cells, and a CHO-derived line that highly expresses GPI-linked fasI proteins indicated the significance of cholesterol and GPI-APs for ...
Kilkus John - - 2003
Detergent-resistant lipid microdomains (Rafts) were isolated from human oligodendroglioma (HOG), human neuroblastoma (LA-N-5), and immortalized dorsal root ganglion (F-11) cell lines by sucrose-density gradient ultracentrifugation and shown to be enriched in cholesterol, sphingomyelin, and ceramide. [(3)H]palmitate labeling allowed the Raft fraction to be easily identified as a sharp peak of ...
Tauchi Yoshihiko - - 2003
To evaluate the utility of a dexamethasone palmitate (DP)-low density lipoprotein (LDL) complex to transport drug into foam cells, the cellular uptake of DP-LDL complex by macrophages and foam cells was examined. The DP-LDL complex was prepared by incubation with DP and LDL, and the DP-LDL complex and murine macrophages ...
Wadsack Christian - - 2003
Hepatoma cell lines serve as a suitable model to study hepatic clearance of lipoprotein-associated cholesteryl esters (CEs). The present study aimed at investigating holoparticle-association of and selective CE-uptake from human high density lipoprotein subclass 3 (HDL3) by non-malignant adult (Chang-liver) and non-malignant fetal (WRL-68) epithelial cell lines as well as ...
Malchinkhuu Enkhzol - - 2003
It has been suggested that lipoproteins in the central nervous system are involved in the regulation of several neural functions independent of cholesterol metabolism as well as those related to lipid metabolism. We recently demonstrated that lipoproteins are carriers for sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). This raised the possibility that S1P mediates ...
Marwali Muhammad Reza - - 2003
Many surface receptors and signaling molecules are thought to associate with unique membrane microdomains termed lipid rafts. We examined the involvement of lipid rafts in the activation of leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1). Depletion or sequestration of cholesterol with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MCD) or filipin, respectively, strongly inhibited LFA-1-mediated adhesion of T-cell lines ...
Reid Patrick C - - 2003
Niemann-Pick type C1 disease (NPC1) is an inherited neurovisceral lipid storage disorder, hallmarked by the intracellular accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and glycolipids in endocytic organelles. Cells acquire cholesterol through exogenous uptake and endogenous biosynthesis. NPC1 participation in the trafficking of LDL-derived cholesterol has been well studied; however, its role in ...
Sawamura Naoya - - 2003
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is a cholesterol-storage disease accompanied by neurodegeneration with the formation of neurofibrillary tangles, the major component of which is the hyperphosphorylated tau. Here, we examined the mechanism underlying hyperphosphorylation of tau using mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line defective in NPC1 (CT43) as a ...
Awad Atif B - - 2003
Epidemiological studies suggest that dietary phytosterols may offer protection form some types of cancer including breast cancer. In an attempt to investigate the mechanism by which phytosterols offer this protection, we investigated the effect of the two most common dietary phytosterols, beta-sitosterol and campesterol, on the mevalonate and MAP Kinase ...
Wadsack C - - 2003
As villous trophoblast does represent the contact zone between foetal and maternal tissues, the present in vitro study was aimed at investigating cholesterol supply from human high density lipoprotein subclass 3 (HDL(3)) to trophoblast cells isolated from human first trimester and term placenta. Binding of (125)I-HDL(3) was specific and saturable ...
Sugii Shigeki - - 2003
BCtheta is a proteolytically nicked and biotinylated derivative of a cholesterol binding protein perfringolysin O (theta-toxin), and has been used to detect cholesterol-rich domains at the plasma membrane (PM). Here we show that by modifying the cell fixation condition, BCtheta can also be used to detect cholesterol-rich domains intracellularly. When ...
Wadsack Christian - - 2003
As human choriocarcinoma cells display many of the biochemical and morphological characteristics reported for in utero invasive trophoblast cells we have studied cholesterol supply from high density lipoproteins (HDL) to these cells. Binding properties of 125I-labeled HDL subclass 3 (HDL3) at 4 degrees C were similar for BeWo, JAr, and ...
Wang Libo - - 2003
Free cholesterol (FC) has been reported to efflux from cells through caveolae, which are 50-100 nm plasma membrane pits. The 22 kDa protein caveolin-1 is concentrated in caveolae and is required for their formation. The HDL scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI), which stimulates both FC efflux and selective uptake of HDL-derived ...
Ramsamy Tanya A - - 2003
We have previously shown that hepatic lipase (HL) is inactive when bound to purified heparan sulfate proteoglycans and can be liberated by HDL and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), but not by LDL or VLDL. In this study, we show that HDL is also able to displace HL directly from the surface ...
Oram John F - - 2003
It is widely believed that HDL protects against atherosclerosis by removing excess cholesterol from arterial cells. Lipid-poor HDL apolipoproteins promote efflux of cholesterol, phospholipids, and other lipophilic molecules from cells by an active process mediated by a cell-membrane transporter called the ATP binding cassette transporter A-1 (ABCA1). ABCA1 either directly ...
Crisby, Milita
Objectives: Carotid stenosis is a crucial cause of ischemic stroke. Recent studies suggest that one of the most important effects of lipid-lowering statins is to stabilize vulnerable plaques. However, it remains to be determined if this effect is secondary to the lowering of plasma cholesterol levels or due to a ...
Sviridov Dmitri - - 2003
Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) was found to be expressed in human small intestine epithelial cells, enterocytes. The relative abundance of LDL-R mRNA and protein was compared with that of apolipoproteins A-I (apoA-I) and B (apoB) in enterocytes and two other cell types: CaCo-2 and HepG2. The LDL-R mRNA content was ...
Dallner Gustav - - 2003
All animal cells synthesize sufficient amounts of coenzyme Q (CoQ) and the cells also possess the capacity to metabolize the lipid. The main product of the metabolism is an intact ring with a short carboxylated side chain which glucuronidated in the liver and excreted mainly into the bile (Nakamura et ...
Ropero Santiago - - 2003
Previous results from our laboratory showed that GH(4)C(1) cells with low-cholesterol cell content had increased adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity with a parallel increase in G protein alpha subunits associated to the plasma membrane. This effect was directly related to mevalonate availability. In the present report, we characterized the high-affinity GTPase ...
Rinninger Franz - - 2003
Scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI) mediates the selective uptake of high-density lipoprotein- (HDL-) associated cholesteryl esters (CE), i.e. lipid uptake independent from HDL holo-particle internalisation. This pathway contributes to the HDL-mediated CE delivery to the liver. From human plasma HDL, two major lipoprotein subfractions can be isolated: one ...
Wasan Kishor M - - 2003
The objective of this study was to determine whether FM-VP4, a novel compound derived from plant sterols, can effectively reduce cholesterol accumulation within rat intestinal epithelial crypt (IEC-6) cells. EC-6 cells were cultured in Dulbecco's minimal essential medium (DMEM) containing 5% fetal bovine serum, 100 U/mL penicillin, 100 micro g/mL ...
Traor? Mariama - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To further establish a definite basic of the application value of sodium ferulate (SF) for prevention and cure of acute coronary heart disease, we examined the effects of SF on LDL oxidation and lipid accumulation in rabbit aortic smooth muscle cells induced by modified-LDL. METHODS: LDL oxidation was carried ...
Tardy Felicia Magee - - 2003
The relationship between LDL oxidation and atherogenesis has not been fully investigated. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of androgens (testosterone) on the intactness of LDL upon incubation with MRC-5 cells and to evaluate the morphological changes associated with the incubation of androgens with MRC-5 cells. ...
Merris Mark - - 2003
Caenorhabditis elegans requires sterol, usually supplied as cholesterol, but this is enzymatically modified, and different sterols can substitute. Sterol deprivation decreased brood size and adult growth in the first generation, and completely, reversibly, arrested growth as larvae in the second. After one generation of sterol deprivation, 10 ng/ml cholesterol allowed ...
Spiteller Gerhard - - 2003
Apparently nature uses the unique sensitivity of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) versus oxygen to generate chemical signals if the surface of a cell is influenced by an outside or inside event; for instance the attack of microorganisms, proliferation, aging or by treatment of isolated cells with surfactants. It seems that ...
Li Henry Y - - 2003
The mevalonate pathway produces many critical substances in cells, including sterols essential for membrane structure and isoprenoids vital to the function of many membrane proteins. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase is a rate-limiting enzyme in the mevalonate pathway. Because cholesterol is a product of this pathway, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) ...
Lee Jeong-Sook - - 2002
Animal studies investigating the beneficial effects of Puerariae radix on cardiovascular disease have suggested this plant possesses anti-diabetic and lipid lowering properties. However, the exact mechanism by which Puerariae radix affects lipid metabolism is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the water extract ...
Strauss Juliane G - - 2002
Endothelial cell-derived lipase (EDL) is a new member of the lipase gene family with high sequence homology with lipoprotein lipase (LPL). EDL is a phospholipase with very little triacylglycerol lipase activity. To investigate the effects of EDL on binding and uptake of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), as well as on the ...
Reddy Srinivasa T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We have previously reported that products of the lipoxygenase pathway, hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid and hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid, as well as cholesterol linoleate hydroperoxides, collectively termed seeding molecules, are removed by apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) from the artery wall cells and render low density lipoprotein (LDL) resistant to oxidation by human artery wall ...
Krämer Stefanie D - - 2002
The objectives of this study were to optimize a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for fatty acid (FA) analysis for the quantification of polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs) in cell lipid extracts and to analyze the lipid and FA patterns of three cell lines used in blood-brain barrier (BBB) models: RBE4, ...
Krämer Stefanie D - - 2002
Lipids of brain tissue and brain microvascular endothelial cells contain high proportions of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (long PUFAs). The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is formed by the brain endothelial cells under the inductive influence of brain cells, especially perivascular glia, and coculture of endothelial cells and glial cells has been ...
Pérez Yolanda - - 2002
The (1)H spectrum of certain tumor cells, in vivo tumors, and their biopsies in vitro shows a narrow and intense resonance at 1.26 ppm, which has been assigned to the fatty acyl chain of triglycerides [nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) visible mobile lipids, MLs]. We have used diffusion-weighted NMR spectroscopy to ...
Norata G D - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Evidence for apoptosis has been found in advanced atherosclerotic lesions, but the factors triggering it are poorly understood. Oxidised low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) are cytotoxic to a variety of cells and induce the apoptosis of smooth muscle cells (SMC), fibroblast, macrophages and endothelial cells in vitro. The aim ...
Azhar Salman - - 2002
The steroidogenic tissues have a special requirement for cholesterol, which is used as a substrate for steroid hormone biosynthesis. In many species this cholesterol is obtained from plasma lipoproteins by a unique pathway in which circulating lipoproteins bind to the surface of the steroidogenic cells and contribute their cholesteryl esters ...
Maccarrone Mauro - - 2002
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) coat glycoprotein gp120 binds to its (co)receptors and orchestrates cell entry by the direct fusion of viral and target cell membranes. Here, we modulated membrane fluidity of human neuroblastoma CHP100 cells by modulating their cholesterol content, and investigated the ability of gp120 to ...
Hatch Grant M - - 2002
Biosynthesis of lipids was investigated in growing 293 cells stably expressing fatty acid (FA) transport protein 1 (FATP1), a bifunctional polypeptide with FA transport as well as fatty acyl-CoA synthetase activity. In short-term (30 s) incubations, FA uptake was increased in FATP1 expressing cells (C8 cells) compared with the vector ...
Cruz Jonathan C - - 2002
We report the chemical synthesis of a new photoactivatable cholesterol analog 7,7-azocholestanol (AC) and its linoleate ester (ACL). We also examined the biochemical properties of the sterol and its ester by employing several different mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines with defined abnormalities in cholesterol metabolism as tools. AC ...
Spiteller G - - 2002
Evidence is presented that mammalian and plant cells respond equally to any event which changes their cell membrane structure. Proliferation, wounding or aging induces generation of lipidhydroperoxides from cell wall phospholipids. These are transformed to signalling compounds, some of these induce apoptosis. If the exerted impact exceeds a certain level, ...
Dupré Loïc L San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy (HSR-TIGET), Via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milan, - - 2002
Immunological synapse assembly relies on the clustering of lipid rafts and is required for optimal T cell activation. We demonstrate that the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) is recruited to lipid rafts immediately after TCR and CD28 triggering and is required for the movements of lipid rafts. T cells from Wiskott-Aldrich ...
Swain Evelyn - - 2002
arv1Delta mutant cells have an altered sterol distribution within cell membranes (Tinkelenberg, A.H., Liu, Y., Alcantara, F., Khan, S., Guo, Z., Bard, M., and Sturley, S. L. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 40667-40670), and thus it has been suggested that Arv1p may be involved in the trafficking of sterol in ...
Jaross Werner - - 2002
Secretory phospholipase A(2) group IIA(sPLA(2) IIA) can be produced and secreted by various cell types either constitutionally or as an acute-phase reactant upon stimulation by proinflammatory cytokines. The enzyme prefers phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine as substrates. One important biological function may be the hydrolytic destruction of bacterial membranes. It has been ...
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