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Results 351 - 400 of 1592
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Morita Shin-Ya - - 2004
Arterial wall sphingomyelinase (SMase) has been proposed to be involved in atherogenesis. SMase modification of lipoproteins has been shown to occur in atherosclerotic lesions and to facilitate their uptake by macrophages and foam cell formation. To investigate the mechanism of macrophage uptake enhanced by SMase, we prepared lipid emulsions containing ...
Orlando Robert A - - 2004
The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is a large (>600 kDa) multi-ligand-binding cell surface receptor that is now known to participate in a diverse range of cellular events. To accomplish this diverse role, LRP is composed of repetitive amino acid motifs consisting of complement-type and EGF precursor-type repeats. Within these ...
Tang Chao-Ke - - 2004
Cholesterol-loaded macrophage foam cells are a central component of atherosclerotic lesions. ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), the defective molecule in Tangier disease, mediates the efflux of phospholipid and cholesterol from cells to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), reversing foam cell formation. This study investigated the effect of apoA-I on ABCA1 degradation ...
Imelli Nicola - - 2004
The species C adenovirus type 2 (Ad2) and Ad5 bind the coxsackievirus B Ad receptor and alphav integrin coreceptors and enter epithelial cells by clathrin-mediated endocytosis. This pathway is rapid and efficient. It leads to cell activation and the cholesterol-dependent formation of macropinosomes. Macropinosomes are triggered to release their contents ...
Gómez-Moutón Concepción - - 2004
Spatially restricted activation of signaling molecules governs critical aspects of cell migration; the mechanism by which this is achieved nonetheless remains unknown. Using time-lapse confocal microscopy, we analyzed dynamic redistribution of lipid rafts in chemoattractant-stimulated leukocytes expressing glycosyl phosphatidylinositol-anchored green fluorescent protein (GFP-GPI). Chemoattractants induced persistent GFP-GPI redistribution to the ...
Sharma Pranav - - 2004
Cholesterol and sphingolipid-enriched "rafts" have long been proposed as platforms for the sorting of specific membrane components including glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (GPI-APs), however, their existence and physical properties have been controversial. Here, we investigate the size of lipid-dependent organization of GPI-APs in live cells, using homo and hetero-FRET-based experiments, combined with ...
Mori Kohji - - 2004
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE), one of the genetic risk factors for Alzheimer's disease, is considered to have a critical role in transporting lipids in the brain. In the present study, we investigated ApoE release in primary rat microglial cultures. Microglial cells released ApoE in response to L-Ser in culture medium, and ...
Fortes Ana Margarida - - 2004
Study of lipoxygenase expression (LOX; EC 1.13.11.12) during organogenic nodule formation in hop (Humulus lupulus var. Nugget) showed that LOXs are developmentally regulated throughout the process, suggesting their involvement in the response of internodes to wounding, nodule formation, and plantlet regeneration from these nodules. LOX activity and lipid peroxides exhibited ...
Pizzo Paola - - 2004
Lipid rafts are plasma membrane compartments enriched in key signaling molecules. We have previously shown that in T lymphocytes anti-CD3 stimulation is insensitive to cholesterol extraction by methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MbetaCD), suggesting that anti-CD3 induced signal transduction is independent of raft integrity. Here we show that, in contrast to T cell stimulation ...
Fu Ying - - 2004
HepG2 cells were stably transfected with human caveolin-1 (HepG2/cav cells). Transfection resulted in expression of caveolin-1 mRNA, a high abundance of caveolin-1 protein, and the formation of caveolae on the plasma membrane. Cholesterol efflux from HepG2/cav cells was 280 and 45% higher than that from parent HepG2 cells when human ...
Pediconi M F - - 2004
The effects of metabolic inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis on the trafficking of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) to the cell membrane were studied in living CHO-K1/A5, a Chinese hamster ovary clonal line that heterologously expresses adult alpha2betadeltaepsilon mouse AChR. To this end, we submitted CHO-K1/A5 cells to long-term cholesterol deprivation, ...
Nagura Michiaki - - 2004
We investigated lipid composition and FA metabolism in Chinese hamster ovary CHO-K1) cells and Pex5-mutated CHO-K1 (ZP102) cells to clarify the biochemical bases of peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBD). ZP102 cells have defective peroxisomes and exhibit impairments of peroxisomal beta-oxidation of FA and plasmalogen biosynthesis. In addition, we identified FA metabolic ...
Zurgil Naomi - - 2004
Cell death is a major event in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), which plays a key role in the atherogenesis, has a powerful cytotoxic effect and causes necrosis or apoptosis of different types of cells. In the present work we studied the mechanism of cell death in ...
Tsutsumi Toshihiko - - 2004
In our attempt to investigate the mechanism of the release of platelet-activating factor (PAF) from cells, the erythroleukemic cell line K562 was preloaded with a radiolabeled PAF analogue having an ethylcarbamyl residue, 1-O-octadecyl-2-O-ethylcarbamyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ethylcarbamyl-PAF), that is resistant to the hydrolytic action of PAF acetylhydrolase. Its extracellular release was monitored using ...
Larbi Anis - - 2004
Aging is associated with a decline in T cell activation and proliferation, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Recent findings suggest that lipid rafts act as a platform in the initiation of T cell activation by selectively recruiting signaling proteins associated with formation of the initial complex of ...
Yu Yan-Ling - - 2003
The authors have identified 37 proteins in the whole-cell extracts from human monoblastic leukemia (U937) cell and macrophage-derived foam cell. The in vitro foam cell model was established by incubating the human U937 cells with oxidized low-density lipoprotein. The global changes in protein expressions between U937 foam cell and normal ...
Gramer Michael J - - 2003
An NSO/GS cell line secreting a humanized antibody was routinely propagated in a T-flask using 2% serum. For scale-up of antibody production, this cell line was inoculated into a hollow fiber system using the same serum concentration. The metabolic activity increased for a few days in the hollow fiber system, ...
Izard Jacques - - 2003
Although specific lipids in bacteria can be quantitated, there is still a need to quantitate the total lipid content of a bacterial sample. The sulfo-phospho-vanillin reaction for quantitation of bacterial lipids has significant advantages over traditional methods for screening of engineered mutant strains. In this report we show that this ...
Bagnato Carolina - - 2003
Diacylglycerol (DAG) is a versatile molecule that participates as substrate in the synthesis of structural and energetic lipids, and acts as the physiological signal that activates protein kinase C. Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), the last committed enzyme in triacylglycerol synthesis, could potentially regulate the content and use of both signaling and ...
Hamilton Valerie T - - 2003
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infection causes a significant polyclonal expansion of CD5(+), IgM+ B lymphocytes known as persistent lymphocytosis (PL) in approximately 30% of infected cattle. There is evidence that this expanded B cell population has altered signaling, and resistance to apoptosis has been proposed as one mechanism of B ...
Sathasivam Nalayini - - 2003
The effects of chlorpromazine (CPZ) on the lipid accumulation induced by the cationic lipophilic compound tetraphenylphosphonium chloride (TPP) were examined using proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), lipid extraction and thin layer chromatography (TLC), and electron microscopy (EM). Chlorpromazine at concentrations of 12 or 25 microM significantly reduced the NMR-visible ...
Van Der Luit Arnold H - - 2003
The synthetic alkyl-lysophospholipid (ALP), Et-18-OCH3 (1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine), can induce apoptosis in tumour cells. Unlike conventional chemotherapeutic drugs, ALP acts at the cell-membrane level. We have reported previously that ALP is internalized, and interferes with phosphatidylcholine (PC) biosynthesis de novo, which appeared to be essential for survival in lymphoma cells [Van der ...
Napolitano Mariarosaria - - 2003
The in vitro thiol redox modulation of cholesterol homeostasis was investigated in polarized Caco-2 intestinal cells. Cells were pre-incubated with the pro-oxidant compound CuSO4 or with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC), to induce a mild shift of the intracellular redox potential toward, respectively, a more oxidizing or a more reducing equilibrium, ...
Yu Yan-Ling - - 2003
AIM: To study the overall protein expression changes induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in the U937 foam cells. METHODS: Foam cell model was established by incubating the human monoblastic leukemia (U937) cells with ox-LDL. Each protein samples in U937 control cells and U937 foam cells were separated by two-dimensional ...
Gniadecki Robert - - 2003
Lipid rafts are dynamic membrane microdomains enriched in cholesterol and sphingolipids and are involved in the regulation of a variety of cellular processes, such as proliferation, apoptosis and cell motility. We have previously described that large lipid raft aggregates are readily detectable on cultured keratinocyte cell line HaCaT by staining ...
Lobasso Simona - - 2003
In the purple membrane (PM) of Halobacterium salinarum is present a phospholipid dimer consisting of sulfo-triglycosyl-diether (S-TGD-1) esterified to the phosphate group of phosphatidic acid (PA), i.e., S-TGD-1-PA, called glycocardiolipin (GlyC) (Corcelli, A., M. Colella, G. Mascolo, F. P. Fanizzi, and M. Kates. A novel glycolipid and phospholipid in the ...
Bortnick Anna E - - 2003
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) promotes transfer of cholesterol and phospholipid from cells to lipid-free serum apolipoproteins. ABCA1 mRNA and protein expression in primary cultures of rodent type II cells was sensitive to upregulation with 5 microM 9-cis-retinoic acid (9cRA) and 6.2 microM 22-hydroxycholesterol (22-OH). The increase in ABCA1 protein ...
Witting Scott R - - 2003
It is widely accepted that functional ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is critical for the formation of nascent high density lipoprotein particles. However, the cholesterol pool(s) and the cellular signaling processes utilized by the ABCA1-mediated pathway remain unclear. Sphingomyelin maintains a preferential interaction with cholesterol in membranes, and its catabolites, ...
Martinez Laurent O - - 2003
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), the defective molecule in Tangier disease, mediates the apoAI-dependent efflux of excess cholesterol from cells. We recently showed that ABCA1 proteolysis by calpain was dependent on a PEST sequence in the cytoplasmic region of ABCA1 and was reversed by apoA-I interaction with ABCA1. We show ...
Sato Norihiro - - 2003
In the accompanying paper, we demonstrated that Chlorella kessleri uses prokaryotic and eukaryotic pathways to synthesize sn-1-C18-sn-2-C16 (C18/C16, prokaryotic lipids) and sn-1-C18-sn-2-C18 (C18/C18, eukaryotic lipids) species, respectively, in chloroplast lipids such as monogalactosyl diacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyl diacylglycerol (DGDG). In this study, to examine the effect of CO2 on lipid ...
Manzoni Cristina - - 2003
The aims of this work were to monitor the subcellular localization of soybean 7S globulin in HepG2 cells and determine its interaction with cell protein components, by using laser-induced fluorescence capillary electrophoresis (LIF-CE). Furthermore, we evaluated in the same cell line the involvement of the alpha' constituent subunit from 7S ...
Price Lindsey J - - 2003
Graminicides belonging to the cyclohexanedione and aryloxyphenoxypropionate classes are well established to act by disrupting acyl lipid biosynthesis via specific inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Species of grass inherently resistant to such herbicides, or biotypes of grassy weed species which display acquired resistance to recommended rates of graminicide application, are known ...
Stuart Elizabeth S - - 2003
Obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens of the genus Chlamydia are reported to enter host cells by both clathrin-dependent and clathrin-independent processes. C. trachomatis serovar K recently was shown to enter cells via caveolae-like lipid raft domains. We asked here how widespread raft-mediated entry might be among the Chlamydia. We show that ...
Kennedy Simon - - 2003
Increased accumulation of lipoproteins and cholesterol within cells from regenerated endothelium may be responsible for their reported dysfunction. This study compared the presence and uptake of oxidized forms of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in cells derived from native and regenerated endothelium. Four weeks after balloon denudation, primary cultures of native and ...
Rajendran Lawrence - - 2003
Hematopoietic cells have long been defined as round, nonpolar cells that show uniform distribution of cell surface-associated molecules. However, recent analyses of the immunological synapse and the importance of lipid microdomains in signaling have shed new light on the aspect of lymphocyte polarization during the activation processes, but none of ...
Hermann Marcela - - 2003
The synthesis and secretion of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) in response to the treatment with estrogen were investigated in the chicken hepatoma cell line, LMH-2A. Exposure of these cells to exogenous estrogen for up to 48 h results in a decrease of apoA-I production, as evident from Western blotting, immunoprecipitation, and ...
Choi Hong Y - - 2003
The cholesterol trafficking defect in Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease leads to impaired regulation of cholesterol esterification, cholesterol synthesis, and low density lipoprotein receptor activity. The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), which mediates the rate-limiting step in high density lipoprotein (HDL) particle formation, is also regulated by cell cholesterol content. ...
Huang, Chih-chun Jean
A mouse lymphatic endothelial cell (SVEC4-10) model and a human intestinal cell (C2BBe1) model in vitro were developed and capable to be used to study antioxidant activity, hypocholesterolemic capability and digestibility of γ-oryzanol. The critical and vital parameters in developing these cell models were the emulsion preparation of hydrophobic compounds ...
Ong John M - - 2003
Studies have shown an intimate relationship between cholesterol and retinal diseases; we examined the effects of cholesterol oxides on cultured cells. Using the rat retinal precursor cell line R28 and the human RPE cell line ARPE-19, we investigated the potential cytotoxicity of cholesterol oxides. Cultured R28 and ARPE-19 cells were ...
Wu Qian - - 2003
The theca-interstitial cells take up plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL)- and low-density-lipoprotein-derived cholesterol to convert into steroid hormones. The uptake of HDL-derived cholesterol is mediated by the scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI). In nonsteroidogenic cells, HDL-stimulated efflux of cholesterol has been shown to be mediated by the ATP-binding cassette ...
Strauss Juliane G - - 2003
We previously reported that endothelial-derived lipase (EDL) efficiently hydrolyses high-density-lipoprotein-derived phosphatidycholine (HDL-PC). In the present study, we assessed the ability of EDL to supply HepG2 cells with non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) liberated from HDL-phospholipids. For this purpose, HepG2 cells infected with adenovirus encoding human EDL (EDL-Ad), or with control beta-galactosidase-expressing ...
Marchesan Denis - - 2003
We developed a microsome-based, cell-free system that assembles newly formed triglyceride (TG) into spherical lipid droplets. These droplets were recovered in the d </= 1.055 g/ml fraction by gradient ultracentrifugation and were similar in size and appearance to those isolated from rat adipocytes and 3T3-L1 cells. Caveolin 1 and 2, ...
Ljungberg M C - - 2003
As part of investigations of the cellular uptake of apolipoprotein E (apoE) relevant to Alzheimer's disease we have found that different preparations of apoE are handled differently by cells expressing the LDL-receptor. Comparing recombinant, cellular and native apoE, complexed with different preparations of lipid we find that only cellular and ...
Dever Gary - - 2003
Chlorohydrins of stearoyl-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine (SOPC), stearoyl-linoleoyl phosphatidylcholine, and stearoyl-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine were incubated with cultured myeloid cells (HL60) for 24 h, and the cellular ATP level was measured using a bioluminescent assay. The chlorohydrins caused significant depletion of cellular ATP in the range 10-100 microM. The ATP depletion by the phospholipid ...
Kuo Chun-Hsien - - 2003
In this study we investigated the roles of lipid rafts and glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) in the process of VacA binding and internalization into epithelial cells. Vacuolating activity analysis in AGS, CHO cells, and a CHO-derived line that highly expresses GPI-linked fasI proteins indicated the significance of cholesterol and GPI-APs for ...
Kilkus John - - 2003
Detergent-resistant lipid microdomains (Rafts) were isolated from human oligodendroglioma (HOG), human neuroblastoma (LA-N-5), and immortalized dorsal root ganglion (F-11) cell lines by sucrose-density gradient ultracentrifugation and shown to be enriched in cholesterol, sphingomyelin, and ceramide. [(3)H]palmitate labeling allowed the Raft fraction to be easily identified as a sharp peak of ...
Tauchi Yoshihiko - - 2003
To evaluate the utility of a dexamethasone palmitate (DP)-low density lipoprotein (LDL) complex to transport drug into foam cells, the cellular uptake of DP-LDL complex by macrophages and foam cells was examined. The DP-LDL complex was prepared by incubation with DP and LDL, and the DP-LDL complex and murine macrophages ...
Wadsack Christian - - 2003
Hepatoma cell lines serve as a suitable model to study hepatic clearance of lipoprotein-associated cholesteryl esters (CEs). The present study aimed at investigating holoparticle-association of and selective CE-uptake from human high density lipoprotein subclass 3 (HDL3) by non-malignant adult (Chang-liver) and non-malignant fetal (WRL-68) epithelial cell lines as well as ...
Malchinkhuu Enkhzol - - 2003
It has been suggested that lipoproteins in the central nervous system are involved in the regulation of several neural functions independent of cholesterol metabolism as well as those related to lipid metabolism. We recently demonstrated that lipoproteins are carriers for sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). This raised the possibility that S1P mediates ...
Marwali Muhammad Reza - - 2003
Many surface receptors and signaling molecules are thought to associate with unique membrane microdomains termed lipid rafts. We examined the involvement of lipid rafts in the activation of leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1). Depletion or sequestration of cholesterol with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MCD) or filipin, respectively, strongly inhibited LFA-1-mediated adhesion of T-cell lines ...
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