Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1607
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Yan Chaohua - - 2005
Neocarzinostatin (NCS), an enediyne antimitotic agent, induces cell death in both p75NTR neurotrophin receptor (NTR)-positive and p75NTR-negative PC12 cells in a concentration-dependent fashion. However, p75NTR-positive cells demonstrate a higher susceptibility to NCS-induced cell damage. Furthermore, treatment of p75NTR-positive cells with the p75NTR-specific ligand, MC192, resulted in apoptosis, while treatment of ...
Käkelä Reijo - - 2005
We have previously shown that overexpression of human OSBP-related protein 2 (ORP2) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells results in increased efflux and reduced esterification of cholesterol. The ORP2-expressing cells also have a reduced level of triacylglycerols. We investigated the effects of ORP2 expression on the phospholipid (PL) molecular species ...
Xu Shengli - - 2005
The ubiquitously expressed transmembrane adaptor Csk-binding protein (Cbp) recruits Csk to lipid rafts, where the latter exerts its negative regulatory effect on the Src family of protein tyrosine kinases. We have inactivated Cbp in the mouse germ line. In contrast to Csk gene inactivation, which leads to embryonic lethality and ...
Subbaiah Papasani V - - 2005
Although sphingomyelin (SM) is a major phospholipid in lipoproteins as well as in the membrane rafts where the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is localized, its possible role in the selective uptake of cholesteryl ester (CE) by the SR-BI-mediated pathway is unknown. We investigated the effect of SM ...
Lam N V - - 2006
Taurine has been reported to enhance cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) mRNA expression in animal models. However, no in vitro studies of this effect have been reported. The Hep G2 human hepatoma cell line has been recognized as a good model for studying the regulation of human CYP7A1. This work characterizes the ...
Seth Gargi - - 2006
NS0 is a host cell line widely used for the production of recombinant therapeutic proteins. In this work, we investigated the cholesterol-dependent phenotype of NS0 cells. Growth response to different precursors and comparative transcript analyses pointed to deficiency of 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 7 (Hsd17b7) in NS0 cells. Hsd17b7 was previously ...
Masquelier Michèle - - 2006
The use of low density lipoprotein (LDL) as drug carrier in acute myeloblastic leukemia chemotherapy is attractive due to high LDL uptake by leukemic cells. Lipid-based formulations, such as liposomes or microemulsions are promising alternatives. In the current study, we incorporated N-trifluoroacetyl-adriamycin-14-valerate (AD32), a lipophilic derivative of daunorubicin (DNR), and ...
Bengoechea-Alonso Maria T - - 2005
The sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) family of transcription factors controls the biosynthesis of cholesterol and other lipids, and lipid synthesis is critical for cell growth and proliferation. We were, therefore, interested in the expression and activity of SREBPs during the cell cycle. We found that the expression of a ...
Tian De-Feng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new high-throughput screening model for human high-density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor (CD36 and LIMPII analogous-1, CLA-1) agonists using CLA-1-expressing insect cells. METHODS: With the total RNA of human hepatoma cells BEL-7402 as template, the complementary DNA (cDNA) of CLA-1 was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). ...
Abu-Amero K K - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine whether cholesterol, added to the cell growth medium or to cell suspension buffer, could protect Acholeplasma laidlawii cells against the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Variable concentrations of cholesterol (0.05-1.0 mg/ml) were added to the A. laidlawii suspension buffer and to ...
Nudleman Eric - - 2005
Myxococcus xanthus cells can glide forward by retracting type IV pili. Tgl, an outer membrane lipoprotein, is necessary to assemble pili. Tgl mutants can be transiently "stimulated" if brought into end-to-end contact with tgl+ donor cells. By separating the stimulated recipient cells from donor cells, we found that Tgl protein ...
Lee Seon Hwa - - 2005
Rat intestinal epithelial cells that express the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene permanently (RIES cells) were used as a model of in vivo oxidative stress. A targeted lipidomics approach showed that 15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE) was the major hydroxylated non-esterified lipid formed in unstimulated intact cells. The corresponding hydroperoxide, 15(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HPETE) undergoes ...
El Hamidi Asmaa - - 2005
Endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides) are the main components of Gram-negative bacterial outer membranes. A quick and simple way to isolate their lipid region (lipid A) directly from whole bacterial cells was devised. This method using hot ammonium-isobutyrate solvent was applied to small quantities of cells and proved to be indispensable when a ...
De Libero Gennaro - - 2005
Recent studies have shown that the recognition of lipid antigens by the immune system is important for defence against infection and other diseases, and that lipid-specific responses occur at higher frequencies than previously suspected. Thanks to several recent advances in this field, we now have a better appreciation of the ...
Bobryshev Yuri V - - 2005
Recently, laser capture microdissection (LCM) has become a powerful tool for investigating the genome and protein contents of cells populating normal and pathologically altered tissues. The present work reports a technique for the preparation of tissue specimens for further LCM combined with electron microscopy. In this work, atherosclerotic plaque cells ...
Alder-Baerens Nele - - 2005
ABCA1 has been established to be required for the efflux of cholesterol and phospholipids to apolipoproteins such as apoA-I. At present, it is unclear whether ABCA1-mediated lipid exposure is specific with regard to lipid headgroups and whether it requires calcium activation and the presence of a lipid acceptor. In the ...
Milne Stephen B - - 2005
The development of a new mass spectrometric lipid profiling methodology permits the identification of cellular phosphatidylinositol monophosphate/phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate/phosphatidylinositol trisphosphate (PIP/PIP2/PIP3) species that includes the fatty acyl composition. Using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, we were able to resolve and identify 28 PIP and PIP2 compounds as well as 8 PIP3 compounds ...
Karnell Fredrick G - - 2005
Recent studies argue for an important role for cholesterol in maintaining plasma membrane heterogeneity and influencing a variety of cellular processes, including signaling, adhesion, and permeability. Here, we document that tolerance-sensitive transitional immature B cells maintain significantly lower membrane unesterified cholesterol levels than mature-stage splenic B cells. In addition, the ...
Wu Sophia P - - 2005
Meso-to-meso ethyne-bridged tris[(porphinato)zinc(II)] (PZn(3)) near-infrared (NIR) fluorophores (lambda(em)(max) approximately 800 nm) can be rendered sufficiently amphiphilic to enable their facile incorporation into the hydrophobic core of the apo form of low-density lipoprotein (apo-LDL). These NIR fluorophores are notable in that they manifest low energy excited states polarized exclusively along the ...
Keynes Robert G - - 2005
Mechanisms which inactivate NO (nitric oxide) are probably important in governing the physiological and pathological effects of this ubiquitous signalling molecule. Cells isolated from the cerebellum, a brain region rich in the NO signalling pathway, consume NO avidly. This property was preserved in brain homogenates and required both particulate and ...
Hasty Alyssa H - - 2005
The ability of apolipoprotein E (apoE) to be spared degradation in lysosomes and to recycle to the cell surface has been demonstrated by our group and others, but its physiologic relevance is unknown. In this study, we characterized apoE recycling in primary murine macrophages and probed the effects of HDL ...
Bang Bo - - 2005
Lipid rafts are cholesterol-enriched microdomains in plasma membranes. The functional activity of many membrane proteins, including death and growth factor receptors, depends on their insertion in lipid rafts. We have previously demonstrated the presence of lipid rafts in keratinocytes and shown that lipid rafts are involved in the control of ...
Mielenz Dirk - - 2005
Lipid rafts serve as platforms for BCR signal transduction. To better define the molecular basis of these membrane microdomains, we used two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry to characterize lipid raft proteins from mature as well as immature B cell lines. Of 51 specific raft proteins, we identified a total ...
Liu Ying - - 2005
Cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (CYP17) is a microsomal enzyme catalyzing two distinct activities, 17alpha-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase, essential for the biosynthesis of adrenal and gonadal steroids. CYP17 is a potent oxidant, it is present in liver and nonsteroidogenic tissues, and it has been suggested to have catalytic properties distinct to its function ...
Gederaas Odrun Arna - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the dietary components n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may potentiate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in human cancer cell lines by enhancing the lipid peroxidation. The effects of the porphyrin precursor 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and light (320 < ...
Suárez Yajaira - - 2005
Cholesterol is a major component of the plasma membrane in mammalian cells, where it acts as a modulator of bulk physical state and integrity. In addition to its structural role, cholesterol is essential for proliferation and other cell processes. The present study was undertaken to explore the stringency of the ...
Choi Eung-Ho - - 2005
Although many skin disorders, including psoriasis and atopic dermatitis, are adversely affected by psychologic stress (PS), the pathophysiologic link between PS and disease expression remains unclear. Recent studies demonstrated PS-induced alterations in permeability barrier homeostasis, mediated by increased endogenous glucocorticoids. Here, we assessed the mechanisms by which PS alters stratum ...
Ho Suleen S - - 2005
Several studies in humans have demonstrated the hypocholesterolemic effect of plant sterol consumption. It is unclear whether plant sterols regulate lipoprotein metabolism in the liver and intestines, thereby decreasing the levels of circulating atherogenic lipoproteins. We investigated the effect of the three main phytosterols: stigmasterol, campesterol, and beta-sitosterol on lipoprotein ...
Geyeregger René - - 2005
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) exert inhibitory effects on T cell-mediated immune responses. Activation of T cells in vivo depends on formation of an immunological synapse (IS) at the T cell/antigen-presenting cell (APC) interface. Here, we analyzed effects of PUFA treatment on the formation of the IS and APC-induced human T ...
Mannechez Aurélie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Most cancer cells are characterized by mobile lipids visible on proton NMR (1H-NMR), these being comprised mainly of methyl and methylene signals from lipid acyl chains. Erythroleukemia K562 cells show narrow signals at 1.3 and 0.9 ppm, corresponding to mobile lipids (methylene and methyl, respectively), which are reduced when ...
Ishii Hidenari - - 2005
Externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS) takes place in apoptotic cells as well as in viable cells under certain circumstances. Recent studies showed that externalized PS is localized at the lipid raft in viable activated immune cells. We found that lipid rafts and PS existed in a mutually exclusive manner in apoptotic ...
Fernández Carlos - - 2005
Cholesterol is a major lipid component of the plasma membrane in animal cells. In addition to its structural requirement, cholesterol is essential in cell proliferation and other cell processes. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the stringency of the requirement for cholesterol as a regulator of proliferation ...
Van Hoof Dennis - - 2005
While the intracellular pathways of ligands after receptor-mediated endocytosis have been studied extensively in mammalian cells, in insect cells these pathways are largely unknown. We transfected Drosophila Schneider line 2 (S2) cells with the human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR) and transferrin (Tf) receptor (TfR), and used endocytosis of LDL ...
Onck, P.R.
Two closed cell aluminium foams and one open cell nickel-chromium foam were subjected to microstructural characterization, in situ fracture tests and fractography. The failure process of the open cell foam was observed to be rather ductile, while that of the closed cell foams was found to be brittle. The ductility ...
Tian Jun - - 2005
To explore the functions of very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDL-R) subtype II in lipoprotein metabolism and foam cells formation, the recombinant plasmid with the two subtypes cDNA was constructed respectively, the 1dl-A7 cell lines were transfected and two cell lines expressing VLDL-R were obtained: one stably expressing the VLDLR ...
Botham K M - - 2005
The development of atherosclerotic lesions in the artery wall is a complex process involving the endothelium, lipid engorged macrophages (foam cells) and smooth muscle cells. In recent years it has become clear that chylomicron remnants, the lipoproteins which carry lipids of dietary origin in the blood, are strongly atherogenic, and ...
Powner Dale J - - 2005
Phospholipase D (PLD) is an enzyme implicated in the regulation of both exocytic and endocytic vesicle trafficking as well as many other processes. Consistent with this, the small GTPase Arf6 and regulated changes in inositol phospholipids levels are two factors that regulate both PLD and vesicle trafficking. Here we describe ...
Aoki Takanori - - 2005
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) in a human fetal brain cDNA library was identified, using the expression cloning method, as a gene product that formed a complex with latent matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2. Co-expression of membrane-type MMP-1 (MT1-MMP) with apoE in HEK293T cells reduced the amount of apoE secreted into the culture medium, ...
Datar R - - 2004
Benzoyl peroxide (BP), a tumor promoter, has been shown to cause free-radical-induced lipid peroxidation and membrane damage at toxic concentrations. However, its effects on lipid metabolism at concentrations that were not overtly toxic have not been investigated. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of BP ...
Hofmanová J - - 2005
Differences in lipid metabolism of tumor and normal tissues suggest a distinct response to available lipid compounds. In this study, the in vitro effects of five types of commercial parenteral lipid emulsions were investigated on human cell lines derived from normal fetal colon (FHC) or colon adenocarcinoma (HT-29). Changes of ...
Vijayvargia Ravi - - 2004
The assembly of alpha-HL was shown to rapidly progress upon its interaction with Caveolin-1. Treatment of A431 cells with alpha-HL has resulted in clustering of Caveolin-1 at cell-cell contacts. Consistent with this observation, alpha-HL mutants devoid of assembly property have not induced the clustering of Caveolin-1. While cholesterol depletion of ...
Wassef Hanny - - 2004
Little is known about the regulation of apolipoprotein (apo) C-I production by human adipocytes. The aim of the present study, therefore, was to investigate the effect of different tissue culture conditions on the synthesis and secretion of apoC-I and apoE in human SW872 liposarcoma cells. After 3-4 d in culture ...
Fern?ndez Carlos - - 2004
As an essential component of mammalian cell membranes, cells require cholesterol for proliferation, which is either obtained from plasma lipoproteins or synthesized intracellularly from acetyl-CoA. In addition to cholesterol, other non-sterol mevalonate derivatives are necessary for DNA synthesis, such as the phosphorylated forms of isopentane, farnesol, geranylgeraniol, and dolichol. The ...
Heeren Joerg - - 2004
After internalization of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) in hepatoma cells, TRL particles are immediately disintegrated in the early endosomal compartment. This involves the targeting of lipids and apoprotein B along the degradative pathway and the recycling of TRL-derived apoE through recycling endosomes. Re-secretion of apoE is accompanied by the concomitant association ...
Hronská Lucia - - 2004
Mild non-ionic detergents are used for solubilization of hydrophobic substrates in yeast growth media at concentrations 0.1-1%. Our data show that low concentrations of Nonidet P-40 may significantly affect lipid biogenesis in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The uptake and esterification of external [4-14C]-cholesterol is strongly reduced in hem1 mutants treated ...
Nguyen Dzung H - - 2004
Human aging is associated with an increase in immune cell cholesterol levels, independent of circulating cholesterol levels. The effects of such an increase in membrane cholesterol on lipid raft-associated immune cell function have not been investigated. We sought to examine the effects of in vitro cholesterol loading on two known ...
Liang John J - - 2004
The relative importance of each core lipid in the assembly and secretion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) has been of interest over the past decade. The isolation of genes encoding diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) and acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferases (ACAT1 and ACAT2) provided the opportunity to investigate the effects of isolated increases ...
Schuster George S - - 2004
Metallic medical devices undergo degradation in vivo and the degradation products affect the chemistry and biological responses of cells and tissues in the immediate vicinity. The responses vary with the metal and cell type. In the current study, we examined the effects of several metals on a human monocytic cell ...
Jeske Nathaniel A - - 2004
Metalloendopeptidase EC3.4.24.15 (EP24.15) is a physiologically important neuropeptide-degrading enzyme involved in the metabolism of multiple neuropeptides. The mechanism of release of EP24.15 from neuronal cells is multimodal, being both constitutive and stimulatable. Previous studies have characterized stimulated EP24.15 secretion, yet little is understood concerning constitutive release of the peptidase. Utilizing ...
White Nicole M - - 2004
Recent data demonstrate that inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase restores normal signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression regulation in cystic fibrosis (CF) cells through the modulation of RhoA function. These findings lead to the hypothesis that alterations in the cholesterol synthesis pathway may be an ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >