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Takagi Mutsumi - - 2006
In order to get the high liquefaction yield from marine algae cell mass to fuel oil, the effect of salt stress on the accumulation of lipids and triacylglyceride in Dunaliella cells was investigated. Although initial NaCl concentration higher than 1.5 M markedly inhibited cell growth, increase of initial NaCl concentration ...
Nohe Anja - - 2006
Rather than being distributed homogeneously on the cell surface, proteins are probably aggregated in clusters or in specific domains. Some of these domains (lipid rafts) have lipid compositions, which differ from their surrounding membrane. They have been implicated in cell signaling, cell adhesion, and cholesterol homeostasis. Estimates of their size ...
Pagler Tamara A - - 2006
The high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor, scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI), mediates selective cholesteryl ester uptake from lipoproteins into liver and steroidogenic tissues but also cholesterol efflux from macrophages to HDL. Recently, we demonstrated the uptake of HDL particles in SR-BI overexpressing Chinese hamster ovarian cells (ldlA7-SRBI) using ...
Rashid-Doubell F - - 2007
Lipid rafts are detergent-insoluble, low-density membrane domains that are rich in cholesterol and sphingolipids; caveolae are a subdomain of the biochemically defined glycolipid raft whose expression is associated with the protein caveolin-1. This protein associates with numerous signalling molecules, regulating their activity by holding them inactive. Human villous cytotrophoblasts contain ...
Tani Motohiro - - 2006
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, sphingolipids are essential for cell growth. Inactivation of sphingolipid biosynthesis, such as by disrupting the serine palmitoyltransferase gene (LCB2), is lethal, but cells can be rescued by supplying an exogenous LCB (long-chain base) like PHS (phytosphingosine) or DHS (dihydrosphingosine). In the present study, supplying SPH ...
Jiménez-López José M - - 2006
Hexadecylphosphocholine (HePC) is a synthetic lipid belonging to the alkylphosphocholines (APC), a new group of antiproliferative agents that are proving to be promising candidates in anticancer therapy. We reported in a previous study that HePC interferes with phosphatidylcholine (PC) synthesis in HepG2 cells via both CDP-choline and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) methylation. ...
Chana Ravinder S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a ligand-activated transcriptional factor which exerts multiple effects on target cell function. A variety of PPARgamma ligands are known, including the antidiabetic thiazolidinediones (TZDs). There is evidence that suggests that these drugs may improve metabolic parameters, proteinuria, and blood pressure in type ...
Bourret Geneviève - - 2006
In blood circulation, low density lipoproteins (LDL) can undergo modification, such as oxidation, and become key factors in the development of atherosclerosis. Although the liver is the major organ involved in the elimination of oxidized LDL (oxLDL), the identity of the receptor(s) involved remains to be defined. Our work aims ...
Franklin Laura - - 2006
Signals are transduced across the cell membrane through a series of events that are triggered by the activation of receptors or opening of ion channels. It is evident that the stimulation of cells can elicit a series of catabolic cascades, which cause degradation of several membrane phospholipids. Several breakdown products ...
Reaven Eve - - 2006
The plasma membrane scavenger receptor, SR-BI, mediates the 'selective uptake' process by which cholesteryl esters (CE) from exogenously supplied HDL are taken up by target cells. Recent work suggests that dimer and higher order oligomeric forms of the SR-BI protein are important to this process. SR-BI has been shown to ...
Ahmad Shama - - 2006
Metabolically active cells are able to convert the MTT [3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] dye to blue formazan. This is the basis of the MTT assay, which is among the most widely used screening methods to evaluate cell viability and proliferation. When testing the effects of cholesterol products on the viability of human ...
Ohrndorf A - - 2006
The aim of this paper is to report on the characterization of the influences of foam homogeneity and the cell strut material on the mechanical behaviour and the fracture mode of metallic foams that are promising candidates for new perfectly tailored medical implants. For two open-cell foams with identical cell ...
Beer Christiane - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We have recently shown that amphotropic murine leukemia virus (A-MLV) can enter the mouse fibroblast cell line NIH3T3 via caveola-dependent endocytosis. But due to the size and omega-like shape of caveolae it is possible that A-MLV initially binds cells outside of caveolae. Rafts have been suggested to be pre-caveolae ...
Truong To Quyen - - 2006
Receptors of the scavenger class B family were reported to be localized in caveolae, the cell surface microdomains rich in free cholesterol and glycosphyngolipids, which are characterized by the presence of caveolin-1. Parenchymal hepatic and hepatoma HepG2 cells express very low levels of caveolin-1. In the present study, stable transformants ...
Landry Aimee - - 2006
Lipid rafts are dynamic structures made up of proteins and lipids that float freely within the liquid-disordered bilayer of cellular membranes and have the ability to cluster to form larger, more-ordered platforms. These clustered structures have been identified in all cell types and have been shown to play critical roles ...
Martín Virginia - - 2006
Most studies aimed at exploring the molecular and cellular properties of plasma membranes in neural tissues make use of cell lines. However, cell membrane lipid composition of cell lines is notably different from that of brain tissues where they presumably derive from. Using septal-derived SN56 cells and hippocampal-derived HT22 cells, ...
Bobryshev Yuri V - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is a chronic immune-inflammatory disease in which the interactions of monocytes with activated endothelium are crucial events leading to atherosclerotic alteration of the arterial intima. In early atherosclerosis, monocytes migrate into the subendothelial layer of the intima where they differentiate into macrophages or dendritic cells. In the subendothelial space ...
Nygren H?kan - - 2005
Time-of-flight secondary-ion-mass-spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) was utilized to address the issue of co-localization of cholesterol, phosphocholine and galactosylceramide in rat cerebellar cortex. Rat cerebellum was fixed, freeze-protected by sucrose, frozen and sectioned by cryoultramicrotomy and dried at room temperature. The samples were analyzed in an imaging TOF-SIMS instrument equipped with a Bi(1-7)+-source. ...
Van Campenhout Ann - - 2005
Activated monocytes release oxygen radicals by respiratory burst and oxidative damage can be accelerated by transition metals. We investigated the cell-mediated and metal-catalysed in vitro oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), as well as the impact of the metal-binding protein transferrin (Tf). LDL oxidation was measured by monitoring the increase in ...
Awad Atif B - - 2005
Previous studies from our laboratory on tumor cells suggest that phytosterols stimulate ceramide production, which was associated with cell growth inhibition and stimulation of apoptosis. The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of phytosterols on ceramide metabolism in small intestinal cells that represent the first cells ...
Larbi Anis - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown suppressive effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on T cell proliferation, but the precise mechanism for this effect has not been fully investigated in vivo in humans. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether this effect is the result of altered T cell membrane properties ...
Leonarduzzi Gabriella - - 2005
4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is by far the most investigated aldehydic end-product of oxidative breakdown of membrane n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Its potential involvement in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis has been corroborated by its consistent detection in both oxidized LDL and fibrotic plaque in humans. HNE has been shown to activate both ...
Machado Adriana P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms whereby advanced glycation end products (AGE) contribute to atherogenesis in diabetes mellitus are not fully understood. In this study we analyzed in vitro the influence of advanced glycated albumin (AGE-albumin) as well as the role of the AGE inhibitors--aminoguanidine (AMG) and metformin (MF)--on the cell cholesterol efflux. ...
Masuda Yutaka - - 2006
Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) is a major protein associated with lipid droplets in various types of cells, including macrophage-derived foam cells and liver cells. However, the role of ADRP in the processes of formation and regression of these cells is not understood. When J774 murine macrophages were incubated with either ...
Yan Chaohua - - 2005
Neocarzinostatin (NCS), an enediyne antimitotic agent, induces cell death in both p75NTR neurotrophin receptor (NTR)-positive and p75NTR-negative PC12 cells in a concentration-dependent fashion. However, p75NTR-positive cells demonstrate a higher susceptibility to NCS-induced cell damage. Furthermore, treatment of p75NTR-positive cells with the p75NTR-specific ligand, MC192, resulted in apoptosis, while treatment of ...
Käkelä Reijo - - 2005
We have previously shown that overexpression of human OSBP-related protein 2 (ORP2) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells results in increased efflux and reduced esterification of cholesterol. The ORP2-expressing cells also have a reduced level of triacylglycerols. We investigated the effects of ORP2 expression on the phospholipid (PL) molecular species ...
Xu Shengli - - 2005
The ubiquitously expressed transmembrane adaptor Csk-binding protein (Cbp) recruits Csk to lipid rafts, where the latter exerts its negative regulatory effect on the Src family of protein tyrosine kinases. We have inactivated Cbp in the mouse germ line. In contrast to Csk gene inactivation, which leads to embryonic lethality and ...
Subbaiah Papasani V - - 2005
Although sphingomyelin (SM) is a major phospholipid in lipoproteins as well as in the membrane rafts where the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is localized, its possible role in the selective uptake of cholesteryl ester (CE) by the SR-BI-mediated pathway is unknown. We investigated the effect of SM ...
Lam N V - - 2006
Taurine has been reported to enhance cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) mRNA expression in animal models. However, no in vitro studies of this effect have been reported. The Hep G2 human hepatoma cell line has been recognized as a good model for studying the regulation of human CYP7A1. This work characterizes the ...
Seth Gargi - - 2006
NS0 is a host cell line widely used for the production of recombinant therapeutic proteins. In this work, we investigated the cholesterol-dependent phenotype of NS0 cells. Growth response to different precursors and comparative transcript analyses pointed to deficiency of 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 7 (Hsd17b7) in NS0 cells. Hsd17b7 was previously ...
Masquelier Michèle - - 2006
The use of low density lipoprotein (LDL) as drug carrier in acute myeloblastic leukemia chemotherapy is attractive due to high LDL uptake by leukemic cells. Lipid-based formulations, such as liposomes or microemulsions are promising alternatives. In the current study, we incorporated N-trifluoroacetyl-adriamycin-14-valerate (AD32), a lipophilic derivative of daunorubicin (DNR), and ...
Bengoechea-Alonso Maria T - - 2005
The sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) family of transcription factors controls the biosynthesis of cholesterol and other lipids, and lipid synthesis is critical for cell growth and proliferation. We were, therefore, interested in the expression and activity of SREBPs during the cell cycle. We found that the expression of a ...
Tian De-Feng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new high-throughput screening model for human high-density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor (CD36 and LIMPII analogous-1, CLA-1) agonists using CLA-1-expressing insect cells. METHODS: With the total RNA of human hepatoma cells BEL-7402 as template, the complementary DNA (cDNA) of CLA-1 was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). ...
Abu-Amero K K - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine whether cholesterol, added to the cell growth medium or to cell suspension buffer, could protect Acholeplasma laidlawii cells against the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Variable concentrations of cholesterol (0.05-1.0 mg/ml) were added to the A. laidlawii suspension buffer and to ...
Nudleman Eric - - 2005
Myxococcus xanthus cells can glide forward by retracting type IV pili. Tgl, an outer membrane lipoprotein, is necessary to assemble pili. Tgl mutants can be transiently "stimulated" if brought into end-to-end contact with tgl+ donor cells. By separating the stimulated recipient cells from donor cells, we found that Tgl protein ...
Lee Seon Hwa - - 2005
Rat intestinal epithelial cells that express the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene permanently (RIES cells) were used as a model of in vivo oxidative stress. A targeted lipidomics approach showed that 15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE) was the major hydroxylated non-esterified lipid formed in unstimulated intact cells. The corresponding hydroperoxide, 15(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HPETE) undergoes ...
El Hamidi Asmaa - - 2005
Endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides) are the main components of Gram-negative bacterial outer membranes. A quick and simple way to isolate their lipid region (lipid A) directly from whole bacterial cells was devised. This method using hot ammonium-isobutyrate solvent was applied to small quantities of cells and proved to be indispensable when a ...
De Libero Gennaro - - 2005
Recent studies have shown that the recognition of lipid antigens by the immune system is important for defence against infection and other diseases, and that lipid-specific responses occur at higher frequencies than previously suspected. Thanks to several recent advances in this field, we now have a better appreciation of the ...
Bobryshev Yuri V - - 2005
Recently, laser capture microdissection (LCM) has become a powerful tool for investigating the genome and protein contents of cells populating normal and pathologically altered tissues. The present work reports a technique for the preparation of tissue specimens for further LCM combined with electron microscopy. In this work, atherosclerotic plaque cells ...
Alder-Baerens Nele - - 2005
ABCA1 has been established to be required for the efflux of cholesterol and phospholipids to apolipoproteins such as apoA-I. At present, it is unclear whether ABCA1-mediated lipid exposure is specific with regard to lipid headgroups and whether it requires calcium activation and the presence of a lipid acceptor. In the ...
Milne Stephen B - - 2005
The development of a new mass spectrometric lipid profiling methodology permits the identification of cellular phosphatidylinositol monophosphate/phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate/phosphatidylinositol trisphosphate (PIP/PIP2/PIP3) species that includes the fatty acyl composition. Using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, we were able to resolve and identify 28 PIP and PIP2 compounds as well as 8 PIP3 compounds ...
Karnell Fredrick G - - 2005
Recent studies argue for an important role for cholesterol in maintaining plasma membrane heterogeneity and influencing a variety of cellular processes, including signaling, adhesion, and permeability. Here, we document that tolerance-sensitive transitional immature B cells maintain significantly lower membrane unesterified cholesterol levels than mature-stage splenic B cells. In addition, the ...
Wu Sophia P - - 2005
Meso-to-meso ethyne-bridged tris[(porphinato)zinc(II)] (PZn(3)) near-infrared (NIR) fluorophores (lambda(em)(max) approximately 800 nm) can be rendered sufficiently amphiphilic to enable their facile incorporation into the hydrophobic core of the apo form of low-density lipoprotein (apo-LDL). These NIR fluorophores are notable in that they manifest low energy excited states polarized exclusively along the ...
Keynes Robert G - - 2005
Mechanisms which inactivate NO (nitric oxide) are probably important in governing the physiological and pathological effects of this ubiquitous signalling molecule. Cells isolated from the cerebellum, a brain region rich in the NO signalling pathway, consume NO avidly. This property was preserved in brain homogenates and required both particulate and ...
Hasty Alyssa H - - 2005
The ability of apolipoprotein E (apoE) to be spared degradation in lysosomes and to recycle to the cell surface has been demonstrated by our group and others, but its physiologic relevance is unknown. In this study, we characterized apoE recycling in primary murine macrophages and probed the effects of HDL ...
Bang Bo - - 2005
Lipid rafts are cholesterol-enriched microdomains in plasma membranes. The functional activity of many membrane proteins, including death and growth factor receptors, depends on their insertion in lipid rafts. We have previously demonstrated the presence of lipid rafts in keratinocytes and shown that lipid rafts are involved in the control of ...
Mielenz Dirk - - 2005
Lipid rafts serve as platforms for BCR signal transduction. To better define the molecular basis of these membrane microdomains, we used two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry to characterize lipid raft proteins from mature as well as immature B cell lines. Of 51 specific raft proteins, we identified a total ...
Liu Ying - - 2005
Cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (CYP17) is a microsomal enzyme catalyzing two distinct activities, 17alpha-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase, essential for the biosynthesis of adrenal and gonadal steroids. CYP17 is a potent oxidant, it is present in liver and nonsteroidogenic tissues, and it has been suggested to have catalytic properties distinct to its function ...
Gederaas Odrun Arna - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the dietary components n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may potentiate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in human cancer cell lines by enhancing the lipid peroxidation. The effects of the porphyrin precursor 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and light (320 < ...
Suárez Yajaira - - 2005
Cholesterol is a major component of the plasma membrane in mammalian cells, where it acts as a modulator of bulk physical state and integrity. In addition to its structural role, cholesterol is essential for proliferation and other cell processes. The present study was undertaken to explore the stringency of the ...
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