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Solito E - - 2006
Annexin A1 (ANXA1) has an important role in cell-cell communication in the host defense and neuroendocrine systems. In both systems, its actions are exerted extracellularly via membrane-bound receptors on adjacent sites after translocation of the protein from the cytoplasm to the cell surface of adjacent cells. This study used molecular, ...
Sun Bing - - 2006
Previous studies have suggested that HDL retroendocytosis may play a role in scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI)-dependent selective lipid uptake in a cell-specific manner. To investigate this possibility, we developed methods to quantitatively measure HDL uptake and resecretion in fibroblast (COS-7) and hepatocyte (HepG2) cells expressing exogenous SR-BI. ...
Kelicen Pelin - - 2006
1. The analogies between the processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and other transmembrane sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) inspired us to conduct further studies on whether beta-amyloid (Abeta) affects aromatase by interacting with APP and SREBP. 2. In this study, cultured human neuroblastoma cells (SHSY-5Y) were incubated in ...
Martin Sally - - 2006
Lipid droplets form the main lipid store in eukaryotic cells. Although all cells seem to be able to generate lipid droplets, their biogenesis, regulatory mechanisms and interactions with other organelles remain largely elusive. In this article, we outline some of the recent developments in lipid droplet cell biology. We show ...
Liao Wei - - 2006
ApoB is an important determinant of atherosclerosis susceptibility and a potential pharmaceutical target for lowering atherogenic lipoproteins. In the present study, we used a lentiviral vector to express short hairpin RNAs for inhibition of apoB production in HepG2 cells. We first demonstrated that lentivirus could efficiently deliver transgene into HepG2 ...
Li Ying Chun - - 2006
Lipid rafts/caveolae are membrane platforms for signaling molecules that regulate various cellular functions, including cell survival. To better understand the role of rafts in tumor progression and therapeutics, we investigated the effect of raft disruption on cell viability and compared raft levels in human cancer cell lines versus their normal ...
Lapointe Jany - - 2006
The aim of this study was to quantify the abilities of mouse liver parenchymal and nonparenchymal cells with respect to (i) cholesteryl ester (CE) selective uptake from low-density lipoproteins (LDL), oxidized LDL (OxLDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL); and (ii) their free cholesterol efflux to HDL. The preparations of cells were ...
Shimada Dai - - 2006
Growth of FRM cells was inhibited by the addition of pyridoxine in a dose-dependent manner. Use of 5 mM pyridoxine caused an almost complete arrest of cell growth. Pyridoxal was as effective as pyridoxine, but pyridoxamine showed weak inhibitory action. Electron-microscopic examination of control cells revealed large nuclei and cellular ...
Murao Koji - - 2006
The entry of cholesterol contained within high-density lipoprotein (HDL) into adrenocortical cells is mediated by a human homologue of SR-BI, CD36, and LIMPII Analogous-1 (CLA-1) and thus augmenting their growth. To address the role of CLA-1, we created a mutant mCLA that lacked the C-terminal tail. HDL CE selective uptake ...
Cameron Jamie - - 2006
The proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) gene is involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors (LDLR). Mutations in the PCSK9 gene have been associated with both hypocholesterolemia and hypercholesterolemia through 'loss-of-function' and 'gain-of-function' mechanisms, respectively. We have studied the effect of the four loss-of-function mutations ...
Chau Phuonglan - - 2006
The mechanism of formation of functional high-density lipoprotein (HDL) from secreted lipid-free apolipoprotein A1 (apo A1) was determined using human liver-derived (HepG2) cells, human intestine-derived (CaCO2) cells, and CHO cells stably expressing full-length human apo A1 (CHO-A1 cells). In each cell line, a significant proportion of secreted apo A1 had ...
Hunt Alan N - - 2006
Signal transductions via periodic generation and mobilisation of lipid second messengers within the nuclear matrix of eukaryotic cells have focused renewed attention on their precursor phospholipids' location, structure, form and function. The nuclear matrix contains and supports dynamic pools of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylinositol which serve as parent molecules of lipid ...
Inomata Mitsushi - - 2006
We characterized the effects of in vitro cellular aging on constituents of lipid rafts in human diploid fibroblasts, TIG-1. Cholesterol recovery from lipid rafts of senescent cells was decreased by the detaching treatment, while the decrease was far less obvious in young cells. A probe that binds selectively to cholesterol ...
Lee-Rueckert M - - 2006
The extracellular fluid of the intima is rich in lipid-poor species of high density lipoproteins (HDL) that promote efficient efflux of cholesterol from macrophages. Yet, during atherogenesis, cholesterol accumulates in macrophages, and foam cells are formed. We have studied proteolytic modification of HDL by mast cell proteases as a potential ...
Seth Gargi - - 2006
NS0 is a cholesterol-requiring mouse myeloma cell line widely used in the production of recombinant antibodies. We have previously reported that the deficiency of 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type7 (Hsd17b7) is responsible for the cholesterol auxotrophy of NS0 cells. Here we demonstrate DNA methylation to be the mechanism underlying transcriptional suppression of ...
Alhomsi Khaled - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) are nonoxidative metabolites of ethanol. They are esterification products of ethanol and fatty acids. Fatty acid ethyl esters have been implicated as important mediators of ethanol-induced cytotoxicity, organ damage, and disease. In addition, they serve as specific and sensitive biomarkers for ethanol intake. Following ...
Takagi Mutsumi - - 2006
In order to get the high liquefaction yield from marine algae cell mass to fuel oil, the effect of salt stress on the accumulation of lipids and triacylglyceride in Dunaliella cells was investigated. Although initial NaCl concentration higher than 1.5 M markedly inhibited cell growth, increase of initial NaCl concentration ...
Nohe Anja - - 2006
Rather than being distributed homogeneously on the cell surface, proteins are probably aggregated in clusters or in specific domains. Some of these domains (lipid rafts) have lipid compositions, which differ from their surrounding membrane. They have been implicated in cell signaling, cell adhesion, and cholesterol homeostasis. Estimates of their size ...
Pagler Tamara A - - 2006
The high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor, scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI), mediates selective cholesteryl ester uptake from lipoproteins into liver and steroidogenic tissues but also cholesterol efflux from macrophages to HDL. Recently, we demonstrated the uptake of HDL particles in SR-BI overexpressing Chinese hamster ovarian cells (ldlA7-SRBI) using ...
Rashid-Doubell F - - 2007
Lipid rafts are detergent-insoluble, low-density membrane domains that are rich in cholesterol and sphingolipids; caveolae are a subdomain of the biochemically defined glycolipid raft whose expression is associated with the protein caveolin-1. This protein associates with numerous signalling molecules, regulating their activity by holding them inactive. Human villous cytotrophoblasts contain ...
Tani Motohiro - - 2006
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, sphingolipids are essential for cell growth. Inactivation of sphingolipid biosynthesis, such as by disrupting the serine palmitoyltransferase gene (LCB2), is lethal, but cells can be rescued by supplying an exogenous LCB (long-chain base) like PHS (phytosphingosine) or DHS (dihydrosphingosine). In the present study, supplying SPH ...
Jiménez-López José M - - 2006
Hexadecylphosphocholine (HePC) is a synthetic lipid belonging to the alkylphosphocholines (APC), a new group of antiproliferative agents that are proving to be promising candidates in anticancer therapy. We reported in a previous study that HePC interferes with phosphatidylcholine (PC) synthesis in HepG2 cells via both CDP-choline and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) methylation. ...
Chana Ravinder S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a ligand-activated transcriptional factor which exerts multiple effects on target cell function. A variety of PPARgamma ligands are known, including the antidiabetic thiazolidinediones (TZDs). There is evidence that suggests that these drugs may improve metabolic parameters, proteinuria, and blood pressure in type ...
Bourret Geneviève - - 2006
In blood circulation, low density lipoproteins (LDL) can undergo modification, such as oxidation, and become key factors in the development of atherosclerosis. Although the liver is the major organ involved in the elimination of oxidized LDL (oxLDL), the identity of the receptor(s) involved remains to be defined. Our work aims ...
Franklin Laura - - 2006
Signals are transduced across the cell membrane through a series of events that are triggered by the activation of receptors or opening of ion channels. It is evident that the stimulation of cells can elicit a series of catabolic cascades, which cause degradation of several membrane phospholipids. Several breakdown products ...
Ahmad Shama - - 2006
Metabolically active cells are able to convert the MTT [3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] dye to blue formazan. This is the basis of the MTT assay, which is among the most widely used screening methods to evaluate cell viability and proliferation. When testing the effects of cholesterol products on the viability of human ...
Ohrndorf A - - 2006
The aim of this paper is to report on the characterization of the influences of foam homogeneity and the cell strut material on the mechanical behaviour and the fracture mode of metallic foams that are promising candidates for new perfectly tailored medical implants. For two open-cell foams with identical cell ...
Beer Christiane - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We have recently shown that amphotropic murine leukemia virus (A-MLV) can enter the mouse fibroblast cell line NIH3T3 via caveola-dependent endocytosis. But due to the size and omega-like shape of caveolae it is possible that A-MLV initially binds cells outside of caveolae. Rafts have been suggested to be pre-caveolae ...
Truong To Quyen - - 2006
Receptors of the scavenger class B family were reported to be localized in caveolae, the cell surface microdomains rich in free cholesterol and glycosphyngolipids, which are characterized by the presence of caveolin-1. Parenchymal hepatic and hepatoma HepG2 cells express very low levels of caveolin-1. In the present study, stable transformants ...
Landry Aimee - - 2006
Lipid rafts are dynamic structures made up of proteins and lipids that float freely within the liquid-disordered bilayer of cellular membranes and have the ability to cluster to form larger, more-ordered platforms. These clustered structures have been identified in all cell types and have been shown to play critical roles ...
Reaven Eve E Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center (GRECC), Department of Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. - - 2006
The plasma membrane scavenger receptor, SR-BI, mediates the 'selective uptake' process by which cholesteryl esters (CE) from exogenously supplied HDL are taken up by target cells. Recent work suggests that dimer and higher order oligomeric forms of the SR-BI protein are important to this process. SR-BI has been shown to ...
Martín Virginia - - 2006
Most studies aimed at exploring the molecular and cellular properties of plasma membranes in neural tissues make use of cell lines. However, cell membrane lipid composition of cell lines is notably different from that of brain tissues where they presumably derive from. Using septal-derived SN56 cells and hippocampal-derived HT22 cells, ...
Bobryshev Yuri V - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is a chronic immune-inflammatory disease in which the interactions of monocytes with activated endothelium are crucial events leading to atherosclerotic alteration of the arterial intima. In early atherosclerosis, monocytes migrate into the subendothelial layer of the intima where they differentiate into macrophages or dendritic cells. In the subendothelial space ...
Nygren H?kan - - 2005
Time-of-flight secondary-ion-mass-spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) was utilized to address the issue of co-localization of cholesterol, phosphocholine and galactosylceramide in rat cerebellar cortex. Rat cerebellum was fixed, freeze-protected by sucrose, frozen and sectioned by cryoultramicrotomy and dried at room temperature. The samples were analyzed in an imaging TOF-SIMS instrument equipped with a Bi(1-7)+-source. ...
Van Campenhout Ann - - 2005
Activated monocytes release oxygen radicals by respiratory burst and oxidative damage can be accelerated by transition metals. We investigated the cell-mediated and metal-catalysed in vitro oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), as well as the impact of the metal-binding protein transferrin (Tf). LDL oxidation was measured by monitoring the increase in ...
Awad Atif B - - 2005
Previous studies from our laboratory on tumor cells suggest that phytosterols stimulate ceramide production, which was associated with cell growth inhibition and stimulation of apoptosis. The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of phytosterols on ceramide metabolism in small intestinal cells that represent the first cells ...
Larbi Anis - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown suppressive effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on T cell proliferation, but the precise mechanism for this effect has not been fully investigated in vivo in humans. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether this effect is the result of altered T cell membrane properties ...
Leonarduzzi Gabriella - - 2005
4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is by far the most investigated aldehydic end-product of oxidative breakdown of membrane n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Its potential involvement in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis has been corroborated by its consistent detection in both oxidized LDL and fibrotic plaque in humans. HNE has been shown to activate both ...
Machado Adriana P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms whereby advanced glycation end products (AGE) contribute to atherogenesis in diabetes mellitus are not fully understood. In this study we analyzed in vitro the influence of advanced glycated albumin (AGE-albumin) as well as the role of the AGE inhibitors--aminoguanidine (AMG) and metformin (MF)--on the cell cholesterol efflux. ...
Masuda Yutaka - - 2006
Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) is a major protein associated with lipid droplets in various types of cells, including macrophage-derived foam cells and liver cells. However, the role of ADRP in the processes of formation and regression of these cells is not understood. When J774 murine macrophages were incubated with either ...
Yan Chaohua - - 2005
Neocarzinostatin (NCS), an enediyne antimitotic agent, induces cell death in both p75NTR neurotrophin receptor (NTR)-positive and p75NTR-negative PC12 cells in a concentration-dependent fashion. However, p75NTR-positive cells demonstrate a higher susceptibility to NCS-induced cell damage. Furthermore, treatment of p75NTR-positive cells with the p75NTR-specific ligand, MC192, resulted in apoptosis, while treatment of ...
Käkelä Reijo - - 2005
We have previously shown that overexpression of human OSBP-related protein 2 (ORP2) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells results in increased efflux and reduced esterification of cholesterol. The ORP2-expressing cells also have a reduced level of triacylglycerols. We investigated the effects of ORP2 expression on the phospholipid (PL) molecular species ...
Xu Shengli - - 2005
The ubiquitously expressed transmembrane adaptor Csk-binding protein (Cbp) recruits Csk to lipid rafts, where the latter exerts its negative regulatory effect on the Src family of protein tyrosine kinases. We have inactivated Cbp in the mouse germ line. In contrast to Csk gene inactivation, which leads to embryonic lethality and ...
Subbaiah Papasani V - - 2005
Although sphingomyelin (SM) is a major phospholipid in lipoproteins as well as in the membrane rafts where the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is localized, its possible role in the selective uptake of cholesteryl ester (CE) by the SR-BI-mediated pathway is unknown. We investigated the effect of SM ...
Lam N V - - 2006
Taurine has been reported to enhance cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) mRNA expression in animal models. However, no in vitro studies of this effect have been reported. The Hep G2 human hepatoma cell line has been recognized as a good model for studying the regulation of human CYP7A1. This work characterizes the ...
Seth Gargi - - 2006
NS0 is a host cell line widely used for the production of recombinant therapeutic proteins. In this work, we investigated the cholesterol-dependent phenotype of NS0 cells. Growth response to different precursors and comparative transcript analyses pointed to deficiency of 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 7 (Hsd17b7) in NS0 cells. Hsd17b7 was previously ...
Masquelier Michèle - - 2006
The use of low density lipoprotein (LDL) as drug carrier in acute myeloblastic leukemia chemotherapy is attractive due to high LDL uptake by leukemic cells. Lipid-based formulations, such as liposomes or microemulsions are promising alternatives. In the current study, we incorporated N-trifluoroacetyl-adriamycin-14-valerate (AD32), a lipophilic derivative of daunorubicin (DNR), and ...
Bengoechea-Alonso Maria T - - 2005
The sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) family of transcription factors controls the biosynthesis of cholesterol and other lipids, and lipid synthesis is critical for cell growth and proliferation. We were, therefore, interested in the expression and activity of SREBPs during the cell cycle. We found that the expression of a ...
Tian De-Feng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new high-throughput screening model for human high-density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor (CD36 and LIMPII analogous-1, CLA-1) agonists using CLA-1-expressing insect cells. METHODS: With the total RNA of human hepatoma cells BEL-7402 as template, the complementary DNA (cDNA) of CLA-1 was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). ...
Abu-Amero K K - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine whether cholesterol, added to the cell growth medium or to cell suspension buffer, could protect Acholeplasma laidlawii cells against the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Variable concentrations of cholesterol (0.05-1.0 mg/ml) were added to the A. laidlawii suspension buffer and to ...
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