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Vassilieva Elena V EV Epithelial Pathobiology Research Unit, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Whitehead Research Building, 615 Michael Street, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, - - 2009
Flotillins and caveolins represent two types of resident proteins associated with lipid rafts in mammalian cells, however, their possible cross-talk in regulating lipid raft functions remains poorly understood. In this report, we observed that siRNA-mediated down-regulation of flotillin-1 expression which disrupted lipid raft-mediated endocytosis of BODIPY FL C(5)-lactosylceramide also substantially ...
McLeod, Roger Stephen
Apolipoprotein (apo) A-I is the major protein component of human high density lipoprotein (HDL). The plasma level of HDL or apo A-I is inversely related to the risk of developing atherosclerosis and the protective effect of HDL is believed to be related to its ability to promote the movement of ...
Wang Jing - - 2009
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is an efficient immunosuppressant used for reducing allograft rejection but with a severe side effect of causing hypertension. We hypothesize that the renal epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) may participate in CsA-induced hypertension. In the present study, we used the patch-clamp cell-attached configuration to examine whether and how ...
Reiss Allison B AB Vascular Biology Institute, Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, New York 11501, USA. - - 2008
To determine whether methotrexate (MTX) can overcome the atherogenic effects of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitors and interferon-gamma (IFNgamma), both of which suppress cholesterol efflux protein and promote foam cell transformation in human THP-1 monocyte/macrophages. Message and protein levels of the reverse cholesterol transport proteins cholesterol 27-hydroxylase and ATP-binding cassette transporter ...
Blagoveshchenskaya Anastasia - - 2009
Phosphoinositide lipids play a dual role in cell physiology. Specific sets of these molecules are short-lived downstream mediators of growth signals, regulating cell survival and differentiation. In addition, distinct classes of phosphoinositide lipids function as constitutive mediators of membrane traffic and organelle identity. Recent work has provided the first direct ...
Xia, Fuzhen
Type 2 diabetes is hallmarked by insufficient beta-cell insulin secretion and inappropriate alpha-cell glucagon secretion concomitant to peripheral insulin resistance. However, the mechanisms underlying dysregulation of pancreatic beta- and alpha-cells in type 2 diabetes require further investigation. Whereas triglycerides and saturated free fatty acids have been well recognized to cause ...
Sankaranarayanan Sandhya - - 2009
Among the known mechanisms of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), ATP binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1)-mediated free cholesterol (FC) transport is the most recent and least studied. Here, we have characterized the efficiencies of different acceptors using baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells transfected with human ABCG1 cDNA, which is inducible upon ...
Li Yanqun - - 2008
Microalgal lipids are the oils of future for sustainable biodiesel production. However, relatively high production costs due to low lipid productivity have been one of the major obstacles impeding their commercial production. We studied the effects of nitrogen sources and their concentrations on cell growth and lipid accumulation of Neochloris ...
Manson Mary E - - 2008
The goal of this study was to identify a mechanism regulating cholesterol accumulation in cystic fibrosis (CF) cells. Both CFTR activation and expression are regulated by the cAMP pathway, and it is hypothesized that a feedback response involving this pathway may be involved in the phenotype of cholesterol accumulation. To ...
Bao Yi - - 2009
Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) and its human homologue CLA-1 plays an important role in reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). Using a previously established cell-based CLA-1 up-regulator screening assay, one of the positive strains, 04-9179, presented potent activity in elevating CLA-1 transcriptional level. We report here the identification of ...
Achituv, Y
The carbohydrate, lipid, and protein composition of coral tissue and zooxanthellae were compared in Hawaiian Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus) colonies kept at different ammonium levels. Corals were maintained at two levels of ammonium enrichment (20 uM and 50 uM), in locally drawn seawater with < 1 uM ammonium, and in water ...
Zaman Sabiha N - - 2008
Chemokines play pivotal roles in regulating a wide variety of biological processes by modulating cell migration and recruitment. Deregulation of chemokine signaling can alter cell recruitment, contributing to the pathogenic states associated with autoimmune disease, inflammatory disorders, and sepsis. During chemotaxis, lipid rafts and their resident signaling molecules have been ...
Nieto Francisco Leocata - - 2008
The present report was addressed to study the influence of sphingolipid metabolism in determining cellular fate. In nonstimulated proliferating Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, sphingolipid de novo synthesis is branched mainly to a production of sphingomyelin and ceramide, with a minor production of sphingosylphosphocholine, ceramide 1-phosphate, and sphingosine 1-phosphate. Experiments ...
Fisher Eric A - - 2008
The ATPase associated with various cellular activities (AAA-ATPase) p97 (p97) has been implicated in the retrotranslocation of target proteins for delivery to the cytosolic proteasome during endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD). Apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) is an ERAD substrate in liver cells, including the human hepatoma, HepG2. We studied the potential role ...
Chang Chi-Lun - - 2008
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a low-molecular-weight lysophospholipid enriched in platelets and mildly oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL). It is suggested that LPA is involved in atherosclerosis, and our previous studies showed that LPA regulates inflammation in multiple cell types. The main aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ...
Lee Justin M S - - 2008
Atherosclerosis follows the deposition, retention, and oxidative modification of lipoproteins, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the walls of large arteries. Uptake of oxidized LDL results in the formation of macrophage foam cells. Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and secretion of extracellular matrix contribute "fibrous" components of the plaque, whereas ...
Goluszko Pawel - - 2008
We sought to determine the role lipid rafts and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) in invasiveness of group B streptococci (GBS) to endometrial cells. Antibiotic protection assay and electron microscopy were used to evaluate the invasion of GBS to human endometrial Ishikawa cells cholesterol-depleted by using methyl-beta-cyclodextrin or treated with PI3K inhibitors: ...
Al-Turkmani M Rabie - - 2008
Specific fatty acid alterations have been described in the blood and tissues of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The principal alterations include decreased levels of linoleic acid (LA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We investigated the potential mechanisms of these alterations by studying the cellular uptake of LA and DHA, their distribution ...
Rubis Blazej - - 2008
So far, a protective influence of phytosterols on the human organism and atherogenesis has been suggested. Most studies have concentrated on the cytotoxic efficacy of phytosterols on cancer cells. However, there are only a few reports showing their influence on normal cells. The aim of the present study was to ...
Bate Clive - - 2008
The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies develop following the conversion of a host-encoded protein (PrP(C)) into abnormally folded, disease-related isoforms (PrP(Sc)). Here we report that three acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) inhibitors, TMP-153, FR179254 or YIC-C8-434, were more toxic to prion-infected neuronal cell lines (ScGT1 and ScN2a cells) than to their uninfected equivalents ...
Winiarska Magdalena - - 2008
Rituximab is used in the treatment of CD20+ B cell lymphomas and other B cell lymphoproliferative disorders. Its clinical efficacy might be further improved by combinations with other drugs such as statins that inhibit cholesterol synthesis and show promising antilymphoma effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ...
Accioly Maria T - - 2008
Lipid bodies (lipid droplets) are emerging as dynamic organelles involved in lipid metabolism and inflammation. Increased lipid body numbers have been described in tumor cells; however, its functional significance in cancer has never been addressed. Here, we showed increased number of lipid bodies in tumor tissues from patients with adenocarcinoma ...
Brodeur Mathieu R - - 2008
Lipoproteins transport many vitamins and hormones that have been shown to be necessary for bone formation. However, the metabolism of LDL and HDL3 by bone-forming osteoblastic cells remains unknown. Here we report that osteoblastic cells express scavenger receptors of class B that are implicated in the uptake of cholesterol and ...
Roy Keshab Chandra - - 2008
Natural Killer T (NKT) cells recognize both self and foreign lipid Ags presented by CD1 molecules. Although presentation of the marine sponge-derived lipid alphaGalCer to type I NKT cells has been well studied, little is known about self-glycolipid presentation to either type I or type II NKT cells. Here we ...
Maskow Thomas - - 2008
Bioremediation technologies and many environmentally sound biosyntheses rely on the catalytic potential of whole cells. For analyzing and controlling such processes robust real-time indicators for the concentration of intact cells such as impedance are required. The conventional method measures the capacitances of cell suspensions at one or two frequencies and ...
Diaz Giacomo - - 2008
Lipid droplets (LDs) are fat-storing organelles present in virtually all eukaryotic cells and involved in many aspects of cell biology related to lipid metabolism and cholesterol homeostasis. In this study, we investigated the presence of LDs in proliferating and quiescent (contact-inhibited) 3T3 fibroblasts to verify a correlation with cell growth. ...
Haynes Christopher A - - 2008
Fatty acyl-CoAs participate in numerous cellular processes. This article describes a method for the quantitation of subpicomole amounts of long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acyl-CoAs by reverse-phase LC combined with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry in positive ion mode with odd-chain-length fatty acyl-CoAs as internal standards. This method is applicable to ...
Fei Weihua - - 2008
Lipid droplets (LDs) are emerging cellular organelles that are of crucial importance in cell biology and human diseases. In this study, we present our screen of approximately 4,700 Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants for abnormalities in the number and morphology of LDs; we identify 17 fld (few LDs) and 116 mld (many ...
Kim Woojin S - - 2008
Previous results indicate that apoE (apolipoprotein E) may be associated with the nucleus in specific cell types, particularly under stress conditions such as serum starvation. In addition, nuclear apoE localization in ovarian cancer was recently shown to be correlated with patient survival. In order to better understand the factors associated ...
Jain, R.
Thraustochytrid protists characteristically accumulate high amounts of lipids, much of which is comprised of the polyunsaturated fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Since DHA is important in human health, thraustochytrids have attracted much attention from the point of view of biotechnology. However, the biological rationale of DHA production in the storage ...
Wang Dong - - 2008
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) has been found to be colocalized with G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and the downstream signaling molecules; however, the mechanisms of the colocalization remain largely elusive. The present work has investigated the role of lipid rafts in the localized signaling from GPCRs to CFTR. Using commonly ...
Weinglass Adam B - - 2008
Absorption of dietary cholesterol in the proximal region of the intestine is mediated by Niemann-Pick C1-like protein (NPC1L1) and is sensitive to the cholesterol absorption inhibitor ezetimibe (EZE). Although a correlation exists between EZE binding to NPC1L1 in vitro and efficacy in vivo, the precise nature of interaction(s) between NPC1L1, ...
Azuma Yuya - - 2009
ATP-binding cassette protein A1 (ABCA1) mediates transfer of cellular free cholesterol and phospholipids to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), an extracellular acceptor in plasma, to form high-density lipoprotein (HDL). It is currently unknown to what extent ABCA1 endocytosis and recycling contribute to the HDL formation. To address this issue, we expressed human ...
Li Jing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) in vitro can induce foam cell formation in human mesangial cells. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) expressed in the arterial wall plays a key role in atherogenesis by actions of enzymolysis and 'molecular bridge', and, thereby, leads to the formation of lipid-loaded foam cells. It is known that ...
Brown Kevin D - - 2008
HYPOTHESIS: ErbB2 resides in lipid rafts (regions of receptor regulation) in vestibular schwannoma (VS) cells. BACKGROUND: ErbB2 is a growth factor receptor critical for Schwann cell (SC) proliferation and development. ErbB2 localization and activity may be regulated by merlin, an adaptor protein deficient in VS. Lipid rafts are microdomains in ...
Bate Clive - - 2008
The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, otherwise known as prion diseases, occur following the conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) to an alternatively folded, disease-associated isoform (PrPSc). Recent studies suggest that this conversion occurs via a cholesterol-sensitive process, as cholesterol synthesis inhibitors reduced the formation of PrPSc and delayed the clinical ...
Ron Idit - - 2008
Gaucher disease (GD) is a lysosomal storage disorder resulting from an inborn reduced activity or deficiency of glucocerebrosidase due mainly to mutations in the glucocerebrosidase gene. We have recently shown that mutant glucocerebrosidase variants present variable degrees of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention and undergo ER associated degradation (ERAD) in the ...
Patra Samir Kumar - - 2008
Cancer is one of the most devastating disorders in our lives. Higher rate of proliferation than death of cells is one of the essential factors for development of cancer. The dynamicity of cell membrane plays some vital roles in cell survival and cell death, including protection, endocytosis, signaling, and increases ...
Sugawara Teruo - - 2007
Steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein plays a crucial role in the intramitochondrial movement of cholesterol, where P450 side chain cleavage enzyme resides. Cholesterol sulphate (CS), which is present ubiquitously in mammalian tissues, is not only a precursor of sulphated adrenal steroids but also an inhibitor of cholesterol biosynthesis. This study ...
Su You-Qiang - - 2008
Oocyte-derived bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) and growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) are key regulators of follicular development. Here we show that these factors control cumulus cell metabolism, particularly glycolysis and cholesterol biosynthesis before the preovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone. Transcripts encoding enzymes for cholesterol biosynthesis were downregulated in both ...
Hansen, Marlan
During the first year of the award we have made substantial progress in achieving the aims of the proposal. I will discuss the progress for each aim of the proposal. Determine the ability of merlin to regulate ErbB2 localization and activity in vestibular schwannoma (VS) cells. Until recently we were ...
Tiwari Rashi - - 2007
Sterol homeostasis in eukaryotic cells relies on the reciprocal interconversion of free sterols and steryl esters. Here we report the identification of a novel reversible sterol modification in yeast, the sterol acetylation/deacetylation cycle. Sterol acetylation requires the acetyltransferase ATF2, whereas deacetylation requires SAY1, a membrane-anchored deacetylase with a putative active ...
Eacker Stephen M - - 2008
The male sex steroid, testosterone (T), is synthesized from cholesterol in the testicular Leydig cell under control of the pituitary gonadotropin LH. Unlike most cells that use cholesterol primarily for membrane synthesis, steroidogenic cells have additional requirements for cholesterol, because it is the essential precursor for all steroid hormones. Little ...
Brassard Pascal - - 2007
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been shown to be immunosuppressive. In particular, they can decrease important T-cell functions that may have a profound impact on the acquired immune response. Several mechanisms may explain the immunosuppressive properties of PUFAs. Here we review the mechanisms by which they interfere with T-cell activation. ...
Akiduki Gaku - - 2007
The study of adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation in insects has been limited by the lack of a system suitable for analysis of molecular mechanisms. Here, we describe the establishment of a model system of lipid accumulation in BmN4 cells, which are derived from silkworm ovary. In BmN4 cells, dexamethasone ...
Bionda Clara - - 2008
Lipid rafts are cholesterol-enriched microdomains in the plasma membrane. They act as molecular platforms that spatially organize membrane receptor molecules and are involved in the transduction of various signaling pathways. We recently reported that in the radiosensitive squamous cell carcinoma SCC61 line, gamma-irradiation results in a rearrangement of the plasma ...
Brezski Randall J - - 2007
The BCR-triggered responses of mature and transitional immature B cells differ at both the biochemical and functional level. In this study, we show that in mature B cells, BCR signaling triggers Vav phosphorylation and Rac1 activation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that although downstream actin-dependent BCR capping is independent of Rac1 activation, ...
Persson Jenny - - 2007
Lipid-filled macrophages (foam cells) are a defining feature of atherosclerotic plaques. Foam cells contain lipid droplet-associated proteins that in other cell types regulate lipid turnover. In foam cell such proteins may directly affect lipid droplet formation and lipid efflux. Differentiated primary human monocytes or THP-1 cells were lipid loaded by ...
Vignini Arianna - - 2008
Eating disorders (ED) are a group of important psychiatric disorders that affect young men and women, and can have serious consequences. Among all ED, anorexia nervosa (AN) is the most typical but also the most severe. The pathogenesis of AN is multifactorial and a great variety of cognitive deficits may ...
Listenberger Laura L - - 2007
Although neutral lipid storage droplets are ubiquitous in eukaryotic cells, very little is known about how their synthesis and turnover are controlled. Adipocyte differentiation-related protein (ADRP; also known as adipophilin) is found on the surface of lipid droplets in most mammalian cell types. To learn how ADRP affects lipid storage, ...
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