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Bate Clive - - 2011
Prion diseases occur following the conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into a disease related, protease-resistant isoform (PrP(Sc)). In these studies, a cell painting technique was used to introduce PrP(C) to prion-infected neuronal cell lines (ScGT1, ScN2a, or SMB cells). The addition of PrP(C) resulted in increased PrP(Sc) formation ...
Chang Chungyu C Department of Microbiology & Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX, - - 2011
Pilus assembly in Gram-positive bacteria occurs by a two-step mechanism, whereby pilins are polymerized and then covalently anchored to the cell wall. In Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the pilin-specific sortase SrtA catalyses polymerization of the SpaA-type pilus, consisting of the shaft pilin SpaA, tip pilin SpaC and minor pilin SpaB. Cell wall ...
Becker Amy M - - 2011
This review explores the current model of sickle cell nephropathy and the limitations of the model. Renal abnormalities are common complications of sickle cell disease (SCD). Beginning in childhood, patients with SCD develop a urinary concentrating defect resulting in polyuria and a predisposition to nocturnal enuresis and dehydration. The current ...
Ganguly A - - 2011
Sickle cell anaemia is an autosomal recessive genetic condition producing abnormal haemoglobin HbS molecules that result in stiff and sticky red blood cells leading to unpredictable episodes of microvascular occlusions. The clinical and radiological manifestations of sickle cell anaemia result from small vessel occlusion, leading to tissue ischemia/infarction and progressive ...
Vionnet Christine - - 2011
In yeast, the inositolphosphorylceramides mostly contain C26:0 fatty acids. Inositolphosphorylceramides were considered to be important for viability because the inositolphosphorylceramide synthase AUR1 is essential. However, lcb1Δ cells, unable to make sphingoid bases and inositolphosphorylceramides, are viable if they harbor SLC1-1, a gain of function mutation in the 1-acyl-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase SLC1. ...
Maciaszek Jamie L - - 2011
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) allows for high-resolution topography studies of biological cells and measurement of their mechanical properties in physiological conditions. In this work, AFM was employed to measure the stiffness of abnormal human red blood cells from human subjects with the genotype for sickle cell trait. The determined Young's ...
De Caroli Monica - - 2011
The secretory pathway in plants involves sustained traffic to the cell wall, as matrix components, polysaccharides and proteins reach the cell wall through the endomembrane system. We studied the secretion pattern of cell-wall proteins in tobacco protoplasts and leaf epidermal cells using fluorescent forms of a pectin methylesterase inhibitor protein ...
Dong Pei - - 2010
Cholesterol is essential in establishing most functional animal cell membranes; cells cannot grow or proliferate in the absence of sufficient cholesterol. Consequently, almost every cell, tissue, and animal tightly regulates cholesterol homeostasis, including complex mechanisms of synthesis, transport, uptake, and disposition of cholesterol molecules. We hypothesize that cellular recognition of ...
Nakazaki Kouichi - - 2010
Gefitinib (ZD1839, Iressa(®)) is an orally active agent that inhibits the tyrosine kinase activity of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Gefitinib has shown a high efficacy in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma and specific mutations in the ATP-binding pocket of EGFR. These mutations, however, are extremely rare in squamous ...
Li Ruomei - - 2011
Atherogenesis is associated with elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and its oxidized form (oxLDL) in the blood. The liver is an important scavenger organ for circulating oxLDLs. The present study aimed to examine endocytosis of mildly oxLDL (the major circulating form of oxLDLs) in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) ...
Kyriakakis Emmanouil - - 2010
Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory lipid storage disease of large arteries, is complicated by cardiovascular events usually precipitated by plaque rupture or erosion. Inflammation participates in lesion progression and plaque rupture. Identification of leukocyte populations involved in plaque destabilization is important for effective prevention of cardiovascular events. This study investigates CD1d-expressing ...
Meex Steven J R - - 2011
Apolipoprotein-B100 (apoB100) is the essential protein for the assembly and secretion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) from liver. The hepatoma HepG2 cell line has been the cell line of choice for the study of synthesis and secretion of human apoB-100. Despite the general use of HepG2 cells to study ...
Wu Defeng - - 2010
The regulation and function of autophagy and lipid metabolism have recently been reported to be reciprocally related. Macroautophagy mediates the breakdown of lipids stored in lipid droplets. An inhibition of autophagy leads to the development of a fatty liver. We evaluated the ability of CYP2E1 to modulate the effects of ...
Kainu Ville - - 2010
Previous studies indicate that methyl-β-cyclodextrin (meβ-CD) can greatly enhance translocation of long-chain phospholipids from vesicles to cells in culture, which is very useful when studying, e.g., phospholipid metabolism and trafficking. However, the parameters affecting the transfer have not been systematically studied. Therefore, we studied the relevant parameters including meβ-CD and ...
Sims Kacee - - 2010
Activation of RAW264.7 cells with a lipopolysaccharide specific for the TLR4 receptor, Kdo(2)-lipid A (KLA), causes a large increase in cellular sphingolipids, from 1.5 to 2.6 × 10(9) molecules per cell in 24 h, based on the sum of subspecies analyzed by "lipidomic" mass spectrometry. Thus, this study asked the ...
Kolmakova Antonina A Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21215, - - 2010
Our goal was to examine the effect of deficiency of the lipoprotein receptor, scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), on progesterone secretion in human granulosa cells (HGL5). Scrambled or SR-BI small interfering RNA [knockdown (KD)] cells were exposed to dimethylsulfoxide [DMSO, vehicle for forskolin (Fo)], Fo, serum, high-density lipoprotein, ...
Sokalska Anna A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California Davis, 4860 Y Street, Sacramento, California 95817, - - 2010
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with ovarian enlargement, prominent theca-interstitial hyperplasia, and excessive androgen production. Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that statins, 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors, decrease androgen levels in women with PCOS. The present study evaluated the effect of statins on proliferation of human ovarian theca-interstitial cells. In vitro ...
Kyriakakis Emmanouil - - 2010
Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory lipid storage disease of large arteries, is complicated by cardiovascular events usually precipitated by plaque rupture or erosion. Inflammation participates in lesion progression and plaque rupture. Identification of leukocyte populations involved in plaque destabilization is important for effective prevention of cardiovascular events. This study investigates CD1d-expressing ...
Oguanobi N I - - 2010
Cardiovascular system abnormalities are common causes of morbidity and mortality in sickle cell anaemia. The study aims at determining the pattern of electrocardiographic changes in adult Nigerian sickle cell anaemia patients. A descriptive cross sectional study was done on sixty sickle cell anaemia patients seen at the adult sickle cell ...
Lenhart James A - - 2010
In our effort to develop multifunctional compounds that cotarget beta-amyloid oligomers (AbetaOs), cell membrane/lipid rafts (CM/LR), and oxidative stress, a series of bivalent multifunctional Abeta oligomerization inhibitors (BMAOIs) containing cholesterol and curcumin were designed, synthesized, and biologically characterized as potential treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The in vitro assay results ...
Dombu Christophe Youta - - 2010
A major challenge of drug delivery using colloids via the airway is to understand the mechanism implied in their interactions with epithelial cells. The purpose of this work was to characterize the process of endocytosis and exocytosis of cationic nanoparticles (NPs) made of maltodextrin which were developed as a delivery ...
Truong To Quyen - - 2010
In non-hepatic cells, scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36), and caveolin-1 were described as mediators of cholesterol efflux, the first step of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). Stable transformants of HepG2 cells overexpressing SR-BI, CD36, or caveolin-1 were generated, as well as cells overexpressing both ...
Schenk Sven - - 2010
In most oviparous animals, lipoprotein-mediated lipid transport plays an important role in the nutrient supply for the oocyte. In male gametes, lipids are used as energy substrates in spermatozoa but nothing is yet known about their origin and metabolism throughout spermatogenesis. The lipid profiles analyzed from different stages of male ...
Paillard Archibald - - 2010
To establish the therapeutic relevance of new nanocarriers, rationalization of knowledge on their interactions with biological structures is essential. In the present study, we have investigated endocytosis and intracellular trafficking of lipid nanocapsules (LNCs) in rat glioma cells. Radiolabelled and fluorescent LNCs were synthesized by using a phase inversion process ...
Oresti Gerardo M - - 2010
In rat seminiferous tubules (ST), cells that contain polar and neutral lipids with long-chain polyenoic fatty acids (PUFA) and sphingomyelins (SM) and ceramides (Cer) with very long chain (VLC) PUFA of the n-6 series coexist. In this study, pachytene spermatocytes and round spermatids were isolated to determine how these lipids ...
Maximov V D - - 2010
Hyperlipidemia, a condition associated with atherosclerosis, can develop because of the lack of low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors in hepatocytes. Since injected polymeric nanoparticles are quickly taken up by the liver Kupffer cells, we hypothesize that it is possible to enhance LDL delivery to the liver through the use of ...
de Oliveira Carlos A - - 2010
The in vitro photoinactivation of human tumor cell lines and sheep red blood cells (SRBC) by Zinc (II) Phthalocyanine (ZnPc) was investigated using unilamellar liposome (LUV) as delivery system, in the presence and absence of cholesterol (CHOL) in the formulation. The presence of CHOL improves the stability of the system ...
Malnar Martina M Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, 10000 Zagreb, - - 2010
The link between cholesterol and Alzheimer's disease has recently been revealed in Niemann-Pick type C disease. We found that NPC1(-/-) cells show decreased expression of APP at the cell surface and increased processing of APP through the beta-secretase pathway resulting in increased C99, sAPPbeta and intracellular Abeta40 levels. This effect ...
te Vruchte Danielle - - 2010
Glycosphingolipid storage diseases are a group of inherited metabolic diseases in which glycosphingolipids accumulate due to their impaired lysosomal breakdown. Splenic B cells isolated from NPC1, Sandhoff, GM1-gangliosidosis and Fabry disease mouse models showed large (20- to 30-fold) increases in disease specific glycosphingolipids and up to a 4-fold increase in ...
Daub Karin - - 2010
The appearance of lipid-rich foam cells is a major feature of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque formation. The transformation of macrophages into foam cells results from excessive uptake of cholesterol-rich particles by scavenger receptors such as CD68. We cloned a CD68-Fc immunoadhesin, a fusion protein consisting of the extracellular domain of the ...
Tian Hong-Chi - - 2010
A high cell density strategy has been used in bioethanol production to shorten the fermentation period. To reveal the molecular basis of fermentative behavior in high cell density, the profiling of the phospholipids and sterols of Saccharomyces cerevisiae during fermentation at five different pitching rates (1, 5, 10, 20, and ...
Man Na - - 2010
Autophagy is a cellular stress response that results in the activation of a lysosomal degradation pathway. In this report, we showed that cationic lipids, a common-used class of transfection reagents, induced genuine autophagy in mammalian cells. Extensive LC3 dot formation was observed by treatment with cationic lipids (with or without ...
Suzuki K - - 2010
Recent epidemiological studies have shown a correlation between periodontitis and hyperlipidemia. We have found high levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) in the gingival crevicular fluid of dental patients. In the present study, we tried to examine the possible role of OxLDL in periodontal inflammation in vitro. Cells of the ...
Suzuki Hiroyuki - - 2010
Malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) and oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL), which accelerate the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis, are thought to be involved in parthenogenesis caused by smooth muscle cell proliferation. In this study, we investigated the suppression mechanism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on the growth of an MDA-LDL-induced human acute monocyte leukemia ...
Jaureguiberry María S MS Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de La Plata, CONICET/UNLP, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Calles 60 y 120, La Plata 1900, Buenos Aires, - - 2010
An excess of intracellular free cholesterol (Chol) is cytotoxic, and its homeostasis is crucial for cell viability. Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is a highly efficient Chol acceptor because it activates complex cellular pathways that tend to mobilize and export Chol from cellular depots. We hypothesize that membrane composition and/or organization is ...
Radichev Ilian A IA Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2010
Ubiquitously expressed membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), an archetype member of the MMP family, binds tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2), activates matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), and stimulates cell migration in various cell types. In contrast with MT1-MMP, the structurally similar MT6-MMP associates with the lipid raft compartment of the plasma membrane ...
Engelmann Bernd - - 2010
Mammalian and arthropod cells acquire phospholipids by protein-mediated pathways that comprise selective and whole particle uptake routes. Phospholipid uptake critically supports cellular incorporation of nutrition-derived polyunsaturated fatty acids. It can occur jointly with cholesterol uptake, but intracellular processing of phospholipids is distinctively different from sterol processing. The newly imported phospholipids ...
Ferrer-Lorente R - - 2010
In spite of their shared decrease of insulin resistance, oleoyl-estrone [OE], and rosiglitazone show diverging effects on body fat mass and distribution. In this study, we studied whether their effects on white adipose tissue [WAT] were due to a shared or synergistic mechanism of action. Combined effects of OE and ...
Balgoma David - - 2010
Stimulated human monocytes undergo an intense trafficking of arachidonic acid (AA) among glycerophospholipidclasses. Using HPLC coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, we have characterized changes in the levels of AA-containing phospholipid species in human monocytes. In resting cells, AA was found esterified into various molecular species of phosphatidylinositol (PI), choline ...
Liu Yanwen - - 2010
Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is required for the assembly and secretion of apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoproteins. Previously, we demonstrated that the N-terminal 1,000 residues of apoB (apoB:1000) are necessary for the initiation of apoB-containing lipoprotein assembly in rat hepatoma McA-RH7777 cells and that these particles are phospholipid (PL) rich. ...
Yang Zhihong Z Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ, - - 2010
The synergistic actions of atorvastatin (ATST) with gamma-tocotrienol (gamma-TT) and celecoxib (CXIB) were studied in human colon cancer cell lines HT29 and HCT116. The synergistic inhibition of cell growth by ATST and gamma-TT was demonstrated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and isobologram analysis. delta-TT exhibited a similar inhibitory action when ...
Dean Andrew P - - 2010
In this study Fourier transform infrared micro-spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to determine lipid and carbohydrate content over time in the freshwater microalgae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Scenedesmus subspicatus grown in batch culture in limiting concentrations of nitrogen (N). Both algae exhibited restricted cell division and increased cell size following N-limitation. FTIR ...
Qi Rong R Peking University Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing 100083, - - 2010
The GM1/caveolin-1 lipid raft mediated endocytosis mechanism was explored for generation 5 and 7 poly(amidoamine) dendrimer polyplexes employing the Cos-7, 293A, C6, HeLa, KB, and HepG2 cell lines. Expression levels of GM1 and caveolin-1 were measured using dot blot and Western blot, respectively. The level of GM1 in the cell ...
Sundaram Meenakshi - - 2010
We have shown that expression of apolipoprotein (apo) C-III promotes VLDL secretion from transfected McA-RH7777 cells under lipid-rich conditions. To determine structural elements within apoC-III that confer to this function, we contrasted wild-type apoC-III with a mutant Ala23Thr originally identified in hypotriglyceridemia subjects. Although synthesis of [(3)H]glycerol-labeled TAG was comparable ...
Bingham Taiese Crystal - - 2010
Immune and inflammatory cells play a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic plaques. We have demonstrated that A2ARs inhibit foam cell formation and stimulate production of ABCA1, the primary transporter of lipoproteins. We asked whether the effects of A2ARs on foam cell formation in vitro are mediated by transporters ...
Rockett Benjamin Drew - - 2010
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) modify T-cell activation, in part by remodeling lipid composition; however, the relationship between n-3 PUFA and B-cell activation is unknown. Here we tested this relationship in vitro and ex vivo by measuring upregulation of B-cell surface molecules, the percentage of cells activated, and cytokine secreted ...
Kee Gaik Sui - - 2010
This article demonstrates how the intracellular compartmentalization of the S. cerevisiae host cell can be exploited to impart selectivity during the primary purification of lipid-envelope virus-like particles (VLPs). The hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was used as the VLP model in this study. Expressed HBsAg remain localized on the endoplasmic ...
Salina E G - - 2010
Biochemical and morphological changes have been studied during transition of Mycobacterium smegmatis cells into their dormant ("nonculturable") state. A significant fraction of the population of irreversibly "nonculturable" (NC) cells has a thicker cell wall, condensed cytoplasm, and a decreased number of ribosomes. The lipid contents in the NC cells are ...
Boucrot Emmanuel - - 2010
The notion that AP-2 clathrin adaptor is an essential component of an endocytic clathrin coat appears to conflict with recent observations that substantial AP-2 depletion, using RNA interference with synthesis of AP-2 subunits, fails to block uptake of certain ligands known to internalize through a clathrin-based pathway. We report here ...
Chen Jie - - 2010
In the present study, mature adipocytes from pig-derived visceral and intramuscular adipose depots were isolated, purified, and allowed to undergo dedifferentiation and redifferentiation in vitro. During the redifferentiation process at days 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8, we observed that both visceral- and intramuscular adipose-derived progeny cells possessed a similar ...
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