Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1583
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Tauchi Y - - 1999
In the early progression of atherosclerosis, LDL migrates in the subendothelial space of the artery and plays an important role in foam cell formations of macrophages. LDL may serve as a carrier of site-specific delivery of drugs to atherosclerotic lesions. In this exploratory study, dexamethasone palmitate (DP) was incorporated in ...
Gesquière L - - 1999
The transformation of macrophages and smooth muscle cells into foam cells by modified low-density lipoproteins (LDL) is one of the key events of atherogenesis. Effects of free radicals have mainly been studied in LDL, and other than toxicity, data dealing with direct action of free radicals on cells are scarce. ...
Butler M - - 1999
The murine hybridoma (CC9C10) was subjected to high shear rates in a spinner flask to determine the effect of various culture additives on cell survival. At 500 rpm, the half-life of the viable cell concentration in a low protein serum-free medium was 50 min. Both bovine serum albumin and Pluronic ...
Charest M C - - 1999
Low density lipoprotein (LDL) can follow either a holoparticle uptake pathway, initiated by the LDL receptor (LDLr), and be completely degraded, or it can deliver its cholesteryl esters (CE) selectively to HepG2 cells. Although high density lipoprotein-CE selective uptake has been shown to be linked to cell cholesterol homeostasis in ...
Kurihara I - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Interstitial foam cells are occasionally observed in various renal diseases, and they have been reported to belong to the monocyte/macrophage (M phi) lineage and to be associated with heavy proteinuria and hyperlipidemia. We investigated the characteristics of interstitial foam cells and their association with proteinuria and hyperlipidemia in idiopathic ...
Lambert G - - 1999
Hepatic lipase (HL) plays a major role in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism both as a lipolytic enzyme and as a ligand. To investigate whether HL enhances the uptake of HDL-cholesteryl ester (CE) via the newly described scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI), we measured the effects of expressing HL and SR-BI on ...
Hikita C - - 1999
When an intercalated epithelial cell line was seeded at low density and allowed to reach confluence, it located the anion exchanger band 3 in the apical membrane and an H+-ATPase in the basolateral membrane. The same clonal cells seeded at high density targeted these proteins to the reverse location. Furthermore, ...
Sakata N - - 1999
Recent studies have proposed that post-translational degradation of apolipoprotein B100 (apoB) involves the cytosolic ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. In this study, immunocytochemistry indicated that endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated proteasome molecules were concentrated in perinuclear regions of digitonin-permeabilized HepG2 cells. Signals produced by antibodies that recognize both alpha- and beta-subunits of the proteasome co-localized ...
Michikawa M - - 1999
Deficiency of nonsterol isoprenoids, intermediate metabolites of the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway, has been known to cause an inhibition of DNA synthesis and cell growth, and to induce apoptosis in nonneuronal cells. To investigate whether this is also the case in neurons, we examined the effect of a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A ...
Kronqvist R - - 1999
In this study we have investigated the effect of interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) on the metabolism of cholesterol and choline-phospholipids in cultured fibroblasts, and also measured efflux of these lipids to lipid-free apo A-I as a function of IL-1beta treatment. Long-term exposure (up to 48 h) of cells to IL-1beta (1 ...
Young S C - - 1999
This study tested the hypothesis that dietary cholesterol uptake by intestinal cells is dependent on the structure and composition of the lipid carriers in the extracellular milieu. In in vivo experiments with female C57BL/6 mice, cholesterol absorption from phospholipid/triacylglycerol emulsions was significantly reduced by administration of tetrahydrolipstatin, an inhibitor of ...
Rothblat G H - - 1999
Numerous studies using a variety of cell/acceptor combinations have demonstrated differences in cholesterol efflux among cells. These studies also show that different acceptors, ranging from simple molecules like cyclodextrins to serum, stimulate efflux through a variety of mechanisms. By combining early observations with data derived from recent studies, it is ...
Srivastava R A - - 1999
In subjects with familial hypobetalipoproteinemia heterozygous for truncated forms of apolipoprotein B, both apoB-100 and the truncated forms are produced at lower than expected rates. We studied the mechanism of low levels of apoB in a cell model produced by targeted modification of the apob gene of HepG2 cells. One ...
Surette M E - - 1999
Our previous studies demonstrated that inhibitors of arachidonate-phospholipid remodeling [i.e. the enzyme CoA-independent transacylase (CoA-IT)] decrease cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in neoplastic cells. The goal of the current study was to elucidate the molecular events associated with arachidonate-phospholipid remodeling that influence cell proliferation and survival. Initial experiments revealed the ...
Imachi H - - 1999
CD36 and LIMPII analogous-1 (CLA-1), a human homolog of the rodent scavenger receptor B1 (SR-B1), binds high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and mediates the selective uptake of HDL cholesterol ester (CE) by cultured transfected cells. CLA-1 is strongly expressed in steroidogenic tissues, including the adrenal gland, suggesting that CLA-1 plays a role ...
Bretscher M S - - 1999
Rapidly circulating receptors on the surfaces of migrating or spreading cells are often concentrated toward the cells' leading edges. This polar distribution is the principal evidence that circulating membrane is returned to the surface of these cells at their fronts, where it is proposed to assist the forward extension of ...
Roccamo A M - - 1999
The properties of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) are modulated by its lipid microenvironment. Studies of such modulation are hampered by the cell's homeostatic mechanisms that impede sustained modification of membrane lipid composition. We have devised a novel strategy to circumvent this problem and study the effect of changes in ...
Collet X - - 1999
The ability of different human and rat brain cell lines (neuronal and gliomal) to secrete lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) was examined. Of these, the strongly secreting human gliomal (U343 and U251) cell lines were selected for a detailed study of enzymatic and structural properties of the secreted LCAT. Both plasma- and ...
Fleming J F - - 1999
Due to the absence of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells lack the ability to translocate apoB into the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum, causing apoB to be rapidly degraded by an N-acetyl-leucyl-leucyl-norleucinal-inhibitable process. The goal of this study was to examine if expression of MTP, ...
Atshaves B P - - 1999
Although the sterol carrier protein 2 (SCP-2) gene encodes for two proteins, almost nothing is known of the function and potential processing of the larger transcript corresponding to the 58 kDa sterol carrier protein-2/3-oxoacyl-CoA thiolase (SCP-x), in intact cells. L-cell fibroblasts transfected with cDNA encoding for the 58 kDa SCP-x ...
Ramoino P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: In Paramecium primaurelia, an exconjugant cell can produce two lines with different mating capacities. Mating type II cells can form a higher food vacuole number and digest the nutrient taken up in a shorter time; thus, mating type II cells grow at a faster rate than do mating type ...
van Reyk D M - - 1999
Murine macrophages incubated in metal-supplemented RPMI could block or promote oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) depending on the degree of metal supplementation. Only at high concentrations of Cu (1 micromol/L) and Fe (30 micromol/L) were cells prooxidant, leading to an accelerated rate of LDL oxidation over that measured in comparable ...
Komori H - - 1999
We previously reported that ceramide released from glycosphingolipids (GSLs) by endoglycoceramidase was directly metabolized to GSLs, and thus the content of GSLs was constantly maintained in B16 melanoma cells (Ito, M., and Komori, H. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 12655-12660). In this study, the metabolism of ceramide released from sphingomyelin ...
Avart S J - - 1999
The relationship of cholesteryl ester hydrolysis to the physical state of the cholesteryl ester in J774 murine macrophages was explored in cells induced to store cholesteryl esters either in anisotropic (ordered) inclusions or isotropic (liquid) inclusions. In contrast to other cell systems, the rate of cholesteryl ester hydrolysis was faster ...
Lin H S - - 1999
4Alpha-(2-propenyl)-5alpha-cholestan-3alpha-ol (LY295427) was previously identified from a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell-based low density lipoprotein receptor/luciferase (LDLR/Luc) assay to be a potent transcriptional activator of the LDL receptor promoter in the presence of 25-hydroxycholesterol. To investigate the effect of the 24,25-unsaturation in the D-ring side chain (desmosterol D-ring side chain) ...
Fielding C J - - 1999
Normal human skin fibroblasts maintained in serum-containing medium were synchronized with aphidicolin. After removal of inhibitor, free cholesterol (FC) homeostasis was determined at intervals during the following cell cycle. FC mass per cell doubled following S-phase, and reached its maximum well before mitosis. This increase was mainly the result of ...
Wang X - - 1999
Europium-labeled native and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) were used to measure their binding and cell association to mouse peritoneal macrophages, to suspended human monocyte cell line THP-1 cells, and to differentiated THP-1 macrophages. Cell binding and association were concentration dependent and saturable and showed the characteristics of ligand-receptor interaction. The ...
Kölsch H - - 1999
Neurodegenerative disorders are characterized by a massive loss of nerve cells. The neuronal cell death is accompanied by an increased cholesterol release and conversion of cholesterol into the polar metabolite, 24-hydroxycholesterol (24-OH-Chol), appears to be an important mechanism in the central nervous system for eliminating cholesterol from the brain. We ...
Azuma Y - - 1999
We investigated the effects of a novel acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) inhibitor, NTE-122 (trans-1,4-bis[[1-cyclohexyl-3-(4-dimethylamino phenyl)ureido]methyl]cyclohexane), on ACAT activities in macrophages originating from several species and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-induced cholesterol efflux in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-treated THP-1 cells. NTE-122 inhibited cell-free ACAT activities in human PMA-treated THP-1 cells and mouse J774.1 cells ...
Canuto R A - - 1999
Hepatoma cells have a below-normal content of polyunsaturated fatty acids; this reduces lipid peroxidation and the production of cytotoxic and cytostatic aldehydes within the cells. In proportion to the degree of deviation, hepatoma cells also show an increase in the activity of Class-3 aldehyde dehydrogenase, an enzyme important in the ...
Janciauskiene S - - 1999
Amyloid fibrils of diverse origin are known to disturb vital cellular functions and induce cell death. In this study, the effects of amyloid fibrils from the C-terminal fragment (C-36) of cleaved alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) metabolism were investigated in HepG2 cells. Treatment of the cells with C-36 fibrils ...
Schuster G S - - 1999
Components of dental resins such as dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) can alter cell lipid composition, presumably by esterase-mediated hydrolysis. The resulting dimethylethanolamine is incorporated into cell phospholipids, while the methacrylic acid may alter several metabolic pathways. We hypothesize that HEMA is cleaved in a similar manner and the released ethylene glycol ...
Ylitalo R - - 1999
The uptake of modified low density lipoprotein (LDL) by arterial macrophages is a key event in the atherogenesis. We studied 1) the uptake and degradation of modified LDL, 2) LDL recognition by specific receptors, and 3) the foam cell formation with murine macrophage-like RAW 264 cells in vitro. The cells ...
Profita M - - 1999
15(S)-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15[S]-HETE) is a 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) metabolite that may play an important role in different pulmonary diseases. 15-HETE is synthesized by different epithelial cells and may be subsequently incorporated into cellular phospholipids. We studied the role of interleukin-4 (IL-4) on 15-LO activity and on 15(S)-HETE incorporation into cellular phospholipids ...
Lagace T A - - 1999
25-Hydroxycholesterol negatively regulates cholesterol synthesis and activates cholesterol esterification in a variety of cultured cells. Concurrent with these effects, 25-hydroxycholesterol also stimulates the synthesis of sphingomyelin in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells. The role of oxysterol binding protein (OSBP), a high affinity receptor for 25-hydroxycholesterol, in activation of SM synthesis ...
Meng Q H - - 1999
Some fat-soluble bioactive substances incorporated into low density lipoprotein (LDL) may be delivered into cells via LDL receptor pathway influencing cellular functions. In this study, we synthesized a number of fat-soluble isoflavone esters and investigated their incorporation into LDL as well as their delivery into U937 cells. Using an artificial ...
Schmitt M - - 1999
Newly synthesized apolipoprotein E (apoE) is incompletely secreted and partially degraded by hepatocytes. To evaluate current models concerning apoE's role in remnant lipoprotein clearance by the liver, we performed a detailed and quantitative pulse-chase analysis of apoE secretion, subcellular distribution, and proteolytic degradation by the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. ...
Quellhorst G J GJ - - 1999
A CHO mutant MI8-5 was found to synthesize Man9-GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol rather than Glc3Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol as the oligosaccharide-lipid intermediate in N-glycosylation of proteins. MI8-5 cells were incubated with labeled mevalonate, and the prenol was found to be dolichol. The mannose-labeled oligosaccharide released from oligosaccharide-lipid of MI8-5 cells was analyzed by HPLC and alpha-mannosidase ...
Li H - - 1998
In steroid-synthesizing cells, like the MA-10 mouse tumor Leydig cells, the peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) is an outer mitochondrial membrane protein involved in the regulation of cholesterol transport from the outer to the inner mitochondrial membrane, the rate-determining step in steroid biosynthesis. Expression of PBR in Escherichia coli DE3 cells, ...
Holleran A L - - 1998
The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which tamoxifen modifies cholesterol metabolism in cellular models of liver metabolism, HepG2 cells and rat hepatocytes. The effect of tamoxifen on cholesterol and triglyceride-palmitate synthesis was measured using isotopomer spectral analysis (ISA) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and compared ...
Storey M K - - 1998
Sphingomyelin (SM) and cholesterol content is positively correlated in cellular membranes, and in several pathological and experimental conditions there is evidence for coregulation. The potential role of oxysterols and oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) in mediating the coregulation of cholesterol and SM was examined using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and cholesterol ...
Christenson L K - - 1998
Oxysterols exert a major influence over cellular cholesterol homeostasis. We examined the effects of oxysterols on the expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), which increases the delivery of cholesterol to sterol-metabolizing P450s in the mitochondria. 22(R)-hydroxycholesterol (22(R)-OHC), 25-OHC, and 27-OHC each increased steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1)-mediated StAR gene transactivation by ...
Riboni L - - 1998
Neuro2a cells were exposed to different doses (1-40 nmol/10(6) cells) of [C3-3H]sphingosine and the relationship between metabolism and biological effects of sphingosine was investigated. Sphingosine appeared to be rapidly taken up and metabolized. The incorporation of sphingosine was not merely dependent on its concentration but primarily on the dose per ...
Xu F Y - - 1998
The effect of phospholipase C treatment on cardiolipin biosynthesis was investigated in intact H9c2 cardiac myoblasts. Treatment of cells with phosphatidylcholine-specific Clostridium welchii phospholipase C reduced the pool size of phosphatidylcholine compared with controls whereas the pool size of cardiolipin and phosphatidylglycerol were unaffected. Pulse labeling experiments with [1,3-3H]glycerol and ...
Harada T - - 1998
A search for agents that can enhance low density lipoprotein (LDL) catabolism in Hep G2 cells has led to the identification of a fungal sesquiterpene ester, FR111142, as an active compound. The treatment of Hep G2 cells with 40 microM FR111142 at 37 degrees C for 18 h caused a ...
Nohturfft A A Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75235, - - 1998
SREBP cleavage activating protein (SCAP), a membrane-bound glycoprotein, regulates the proteolytic activation of sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs), which are membrane-bound transcription factors that control lipid synthesis in animal cells. SCAP-stimulated proteolysis releases active fragments of SREBPs from membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum and allows them to enter the ...
Dumontel C - - 1998
Six antibiotics, pefloxacin (Peflacine), fosfomycin (Fosfocine), teicoplanin (Targocid), vancomycin (Vancocine), ceftazidime (Fortum), piperacillin (Piperilline), that may be used as a systematic coverage during bone marrow transplantation have been tested on dermal fibroblasts of one control subject and two I-cell disease patients, along with five subcultures, corresponding to 5 weeks of ...
Kritharides L - - 1998
This study has investigated in detail factors regulating accumulation, esterification, and mobilization of cholesterol in human THP-1 macrophages. Human THP-1 monocytes were differentiated into macrophages and then cholesterol enriched by exposure to acetylated LDL (AcLDL), together with [3H]free cholesterol (FC). Although THP-1 macrophages accumulated FC and esterified cholesterol (EC), assessed ...
Aboushadi N - - 1998
ZR-78 and ZR-82 cells are two peroxisomal-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell mutants. These cells lack normal peroxisomes and show reduced levels of plasmalogen synthesis and other peroxisomal functions attributed to the deficiency of peroxisomal matrix enzymes. As we have recently identified two HMG-CoA reductase proteins in CHO cells, a ...
Lee C S - - 1998
Endothelial cell (EC) propagation has been simplified by developing cell-specific selection criteria. Methods commonly used for selectively isolating EC include: (i) differential sieving of disaggregated tissue, (ii) differential plating of cells on extracellular matrices, (iii) lectin affinity isolation of cell populations and (iv) fluorescence-activated cell sorting of cells labeled with ...
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