Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1583
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Sochanik A - - 2000
We developed a new cationic lipid suitable for use as a DNA carrier in the presence of 10% sera. The novel compound (abbreviated as Arg-Chol) contains cholesterol and a dipeptide consisting of glycine and sterically protected arginine. The efficiency of reporter gene transfection using liposomes based on this new reagent ...
Bellosta S - - 2000
The beneficial effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) on coronary events have generally been attributed to their hypocholesterolaemic properties. However, as mevalonate and other intermediates of cholesterol synthesis (isoprenoids) are necessary for cell proliferation and other important cell functions, effects other than cholesterol reduction may explain the ...
Finstad H S - - 2000
The present study investigates the mechanism behind induction of cell death by eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in leukemia cells. The PUFA-sensitive cell lines Raji and Ramos, which die by necrosis and apoptosis upon incubation with EPA respectively, had 2- to 3-fold higher uptake rate of EPA than the PUFA-resistant U-698 cell ...
Tasevski V - - 2000
Lithium therapy is the therapeutic mainstay for bipolar disorder and has been associated in the thyroid with euthymic goiter, hyper and hypothyroidism as well as thyroid autoimmune disease. The FRTL-5 cell line is a well known model of thyroid cell physiology, where lithium has been shown to increase 3H-thymidine uptake ...
Iuliano L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Accumulation of LDL within the arterial wall appears to play a crucial role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic plaque. The dynamic sequence of this event has not been fully elucidated in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 7 patients with previous transient ischemic attack or stroke and critical ...
Navarrete Santos A - - 2000
Ectopeptidases play important roles in cell activation, proliferation, and communication. Human monocytic cells express considerable amounts of aminopeptidase N/CD13, a transmembrane protein previously proposed to play a role in the regulation of neuropeptides and chemotactic mediators as well as in adhesion and cell-cell interactions. Here, we report for the first ...
Okamoto Y - - 2000
We investigated the mechanism of endothelin receptor type A (ETA) internalization in Chinese hamster ovary cells using two assays; flow cytometric quantification of cell surface myc-ETA and in situ localization of Cy5-labeled ET-1. In both assays, agonist-dependent internalization of myc-ETA was inhibited by nystatin and filipin, both of which disrupt ...
Reaven E - - 2000
This study investigates the relationship between the high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor (scavenger receptors, SR-BI and SR-BII), selective lipoprotein-cholesteryl ester uptake, and testosterone production in Leydig cells of control, hypocholesterolemic and gonadotrophic hormone (hCG) treated rats. Leydig cells from mature control rats show poor efficiency in incorporation of labeled HDL-cholesteryl ...
Wissel H - - 2000
Biochemical and morphological assays were developed to study surfactant protein A (SP-A) and lipid resecretion kinetics by isolated type II cells in vitro. After a 10-min uptake period with SP-A (3 microg/10(6) cells) in combination with liposomes (60 microg/10(6) cells), the cells were allowed to resecrete. After 5 min of ...
Liao W - - 2000
Studies in different liver-derived cells in culture indicate that apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 production is regulated largely by intracellular degradation and the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is a major mechanism for the degradation. The proteasomal degradation of apoB-100 was postulated to be an intrinsic property of the protein that occurs even in the ...
Brown A J - - 2000
Cholesterol- and cholesteryl ester-rich macrophage foam cells, characteristic of atherosclerotic lesions, are often generated in vitro using oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL). However, relatively little is known of the nature and extent of sterol deposition in these cells or of its relationship to the foam cells formed in atherosclerotic lesions. ...
Tessner T G - - 2000
The multiple drug resistance protein, MDR1, is highly expressed on the apical surface of intestinal epithelial cells. The physiologic substrate of this protein remains unclear. Several studies using compounds known to act as MDR1 inhibitors have suggested that MDR1 may be involved in the transport of cholesterol from the plasma ...
Janciauskiene S - - 2000
We reported recently that fibrillar human islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is cytotoxic to RIN5mF cells but not to HIT-T15 cells, both being insulin-producing cell lines. In the present study, we explored the basis for this difference by studying oxidative stress responses and low density lipoprotein (LDL) binding and uptake. In ...
Obunike J C - - 2000
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL), key proteins in the regulation of lipoprotein metabolism, bind with high affinity to heparin and cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG). In the present study, we tested whether the expression of apoE or LPL would modulate proteoglycan (PG) metabolism in cells. Two apoE-expressing cells, ...
Lehtolainen P - - 2000
The type II, class A macrophage scavenger receptor (SR-A) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and foam cell formation. However, its role in nonmacrophage cell lines remains unknown. To test the hypothesis that SR-A activity leads to proatherogenic changes in nonmacrophage cell lines, we generated Moloney murine ...
Kessel D - - 2000
The acetoxymethyl ester of chlorin e6 (CAME) was initially designed to be a hydrophobic photosensitizing agent that would be recognized by an endocytic pathway and initially accumulated in lysosomes. This was expected to lead to hydrolysis of the ester groups, followed by redistribution of the free chlorin to other subcellular ...
Fofana M - - 2000
Sertoli cells and germ cells are separated from the interstitial blood capillaries by an extracellular matrix and the peritubular cells, which constitute a barrier to the movement of plasma lipoproteins. The present study was undertaken to evaluate in vivo and in vitro the high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl ester transfer ...
Itabe H - - 2000
Oxidatively modified low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) is thought to be involved in the early development of atherosclerotic lesions. The appearance of lipid-laden foam cells is known to be one of the typical features of atherosclerotic lesions, and accumulating evidence has demonstrated that foam cells are formed after taking up OxLDL ...
McConville M J - - 2000
Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) represent an abundant and ubiquitous class of eukaryotic glycolipids. Although these structures were originally discovered in the form of GPI-anchored cell surface glycoproteins, it is becoming increasingly clear that a significant proportion of the GPI synthetic output of a cell is not directed to protein anchoring. Indeed, pools ...
Masella R - - 2000
Oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) have been involved in the pathogenesis of several human diseases including dermatological pathologies. Oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) is accompanied by both extensive degradation of its polyunsaturated fatty acids and production of lipoperoxides. These highly reactive products induce an intracellular oxidative stress with a variety of ...
Sawai H - - 1999
Sphingolipids such as ceramide and sphingosine have been regarded as novel signal mediators in cells. However, the mechanisms of generation of these lipids upon various stimulation remain to be elucidated. Neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) is one of the key enzymes in the generation of ceramide, and recently the cloning of a ...
Pical C - - 1999
In animal cells, phosphoinositides are key components of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate/diacylglycerol-based signaling pathway, but also have many other cellular functions. These lipids are also believed to fulfill similar functions in plant cells, although many details concerning the components of a plant phosphoinositide system, and their regulation are still missing. Only ...
Caughman G B - - 1999
Dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate (DMAEMA), a commonly-used component of visible-light polymerized dental resins, has the potential to elute and interact with tissue cells to cause cytotoxicity or sublethal metabolic changes. Short-term exposure of cultured oral epithelial cells to sublethal DMAEMA concentrations has been shown previously to affect cell neutral lipid and phospholipid metabolism, ...
Zouboulis C C - - 1999
Human facial sebaceous gland cells were transfected with a PBR-322-based plasmid containing the coding region for the Simian virus-40 large T antigen. The resulting proliferating cell cultures have been passaged over 50 times to date, have been cloned, and show no signs of senescence after 4&DF;1 2 y in vitro, ...
Makita T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of glycated low density lipoprotein (LDL) on smooth muscle cell proliferation. METHODS: Blood was drawn from 6 healthy subjects after overnight fasting. Native LDL was obtained by separating LDL from the samples with sequential ultracentrifugation. Glycated LDL was prepared by glycating the native LDL in ...
Schafer F Q - - 1999
Singlet oxygen (1O2) can be quenched by water, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids and other small molecules. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) of cells principally quench 1O2 by chemical mechanisms, producing lipid hydroperoxides, while proteins physically and chemically quench 1O2. Because cell lines can have different PUFA and protein levels, we hypothesized ...
Yoshida H - - 1999
Dietary flavonoid intake has been reported to be inversely related to mortality from coronary heart disease, and the anti-atherosclerotic effect of flavonoids is considered to be due probably to their antioxidant properties. Oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) has been reported to be induced by the constituent cells of the ...
Janciauskiene S - - 1999
Amyloid forming peptides are known to disturb vital cellular functions and induce cell death. However, the mechanisms by which fibrillogenic peptides induce cytotoxic effects in various cells has not been established. In this study the effects on low density lipoprotein binding and uptake of fibrils of the Alzheimer's amyloid beta-peptide ...
Mañes S - - 1999
The acquisition of spatial and functional asymmetry between the rear and the front of the cell is a necessary step for cell chemotaxis. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) stimulation of the human adenocarcinoma MCF-7 induces a polarized phenotype characterized by asymmetrical CCR5 chemokine receptor redistribution to the leading cell edge. CCR5 ...
Levade T - - 1999
The ubiquitous sphingophospholipid sphingomyelin (SM) can be hydrolysed in human cells to ceramide by different sphingomyelinases (SMases). These enzymes exert a dual role, enabling not only the turnover of membrane SM and the degradation of exogenous (lipoprotein) SM, but also the signal-induced generation of the lipid second messenger ceramide. This ...
Saini S S - - 1999
Human monocytic leukemia cells (U937) were challenged with synthetic melittin, and arachidonic acid (AA)/acylated lipids from both cells (pellet) and media (supernatant) were analyzed by thin layer chromatography (TLC). From these data, melittin-mediated activation/inhibition of major phospholipases in U937 cells was related to pore formation, permeabilization and cytolysis as determined ...
Swarnakar S - - 1999
Scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI) is a cell-surface glycoprotein that mediates selective uptake of high density lipoprotein cholesteryl ester (CE) without the concomitant uptake and degradation of the particle. We have investigated the endocytic and selective uptake of low density lipoprotein (LDL)-CE by SR-BI using COS-7 cells transiently ...
Kellner-Weibel G - - 1999
The present study examines the fate and effects of free cholesterol (FC) generated by the hydrolysis of cytoplasmic cholesteryl esters (CE) in model macrophage foam cells. J774 or elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages (MPM) were enriched with CE by incubating with acetylated low density lipoprotein (acLDL) and FC/phospholipid dispersions, thus creating ...
Callahan D E - - 1999
PURPOSE: Boronated protoporphyrin (BOPP) is a candidate for use in both boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Our objectives are to identify factors that influence the uptake and retention of BOPP in vitro and to determine BOPP distribution in a human glioma cell ...
Rawson R B RB Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75235, - - 1999
We describe a line of mutant Chinese hamster ovary cells, designated SRD-13A, that cannot cleave sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) at site 1, due to mutations in the gene encoding SREBP cleavage-activating protein (SCAP). The SRD-13A cells were obtained by two rounds of gamma-irradiation followed first by selection for a ...
Simons M - - 1999
Exogenous application of gangliosides to cells affects many cellular functions. We asked whether these effects could be attributed to the influence of gangliosides on the properties of sphingolipid-cholesterol microdomains on the plasma membrane, also termed rafts. The latter are envisaged as lateral assemblies of sphingolipids (including gangliosides), cholesterol, and a ...
Bacurau R F - - 1999
In nucleated cells, the swelling promoted by a complement system (CS) attack is not enough to promote cell death, because unlike erythrocytes these cells are able to eliminate cytolytic complement channels from the plasma membrane, by processes that include endocytosis. Several studies have demonstrated that the resistance of nucleated cells ...
Gelissen I C - - 1999
Oxidized forms of cholesterol (oxysterols) are present in atherosclerotic lesions and may play an active role in lesion development. For example, 7-ketocholesterol (7KC) inhibits cholesterol efflux from macrophage foam cells induced by apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I). Such oxysterols may promote foam cell formation in atherosclerotic lesions by preventing effective clearance of ...
Aboushadi N - - 1999
Our group and others have recently demonstrated that peroxisomes contain a number of enzymes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis that previously were considered to be cytosolic or located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Peroxisomes have been shown to contain HMG-CoA reductase, mevalonate kinase, phosphomevalonate kinase, phosphomevalonate decarboxylase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, and ...
Das U N - - 1999
Essential fatty acids (EFAs) form an important component of cell membranes, are eicosanoid precursors and are therefore required for both the structure and function of every cell in the body. EFAs can modulate the activity of protein kinase C, T and B cell response, free radical generation and lipid peroxidation, ...
Levy E - - 1999
Caco-2 cells and human colonic explants were compared for their ability to esterify lipid classes, synthesize apolipoproteins and assemble lipoproteins. Highly differentiated cells and colonic explants were incubated with [(14)C]oleic acid or [(35)S]methionine for 48 h. Caco-2 cells demonstrated a higher ability to incorporate [(14)C]oleic acid into cellular phospholipids (13-fold, ...
Cavallo D - - 1999
It has been well established that the biogenesis of apoB is mediated co-translationally by the cytosolic proteasome. Here, however, we investigated the role of both the cytosolic proteasome as well as non-proteasome-mediated degradation systems in the post-translational degradation of apoB. In pulse-chase labeling experiments, co-translational (0-h chase) apoB degradation in ...
Azhar S - - 1999
This study examines the effect of mutation of the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) on cholesterol metabolism, and especially lipoprotein-derived cholesteryl ester uptake, in murine ovarian granulosa cells. Although the tests were conducted on cells prepared by two different procedures, the results are similar. Deletion of LDLR function did not noticeably ...
Holwell T A - - 1999
SW-13 adrenal tumor cells that lack detectable intermediate filaments (IF-free) exhibit an impaired capacity to esterify lipoprotein-derived cholesterol compared with cells that contain vimentin filaments. IF-free cells were found to synthesize and secrete significant amounts of apoE, while apoE secretion was nearly undetectable in cell lines that spontaneously express vimentin. ...
Martínez-Botas J - - 1999
As a major component of mammalian cell plasma membranes, cholesterol is essential for cell growth. Accordingly, the restriction of cholesterol provision has been shown to result in cell proliferation inhibition. We explored the potential regulatory role of cholesterol on cell cycle progression. MOLT-4 and HL-60 cell lines were cultured in ...
Waggoner D W - - 1999
This article describes the regulation of cell signaling by lipid phosphate phosphatases (LPPs) that control the conversion of bioactive lipid phosphates to their dephosphorylated counterparts. A structural model of the LPPs, that were previously called Type 2 phosphatidate phosphatases, is described. LPPs are characterized by having no Mg(2+) requirement and ...
Naslavsky N - - 1999
Sphingolipid-rich rafts play an essential role in the posttranslational (Borchelt, D. R., Scott, M., Taraboulos, A., Stahl, N., and Prusiner, S. B. (1990) J. Cell Biol. 110, 743-752)) formation of the scrapie prion protein PrP(Sc) from its normal conformer PrP(C) (Taraboulos, A., Scott, M., Semenov, A., Avrahami, D., Laszlo, L., ...
Luchoomun J - - 1999
To develop a cell culture model for chyclomicron (CM) assembly, the apical media of differentiated Caco-2 cells were supplemented with oleic acid (OA) together with either albumin or taurocholate (TC). The basolateral media were subjected to sequential density gradient ultracentrifugations to obtain large CM, small CM, and very low density ...
Belting M - - 1999
Molecules secreted by potential target cells may interfere with cationic lipid-mediated gene transfer. This has been studied using human lung fibroblasts and human epidermoid lung cancer cells. Secreted cell medium components caused a substantial decrease both in the uptake of cationic lipid-DNA complexes (2-4-fold) and in reporter gene expression (100-1000-fold). ...
Ridgway N D - - 1999
The lethal consequences of imbalances in lipid and sterol metabolism in human diseases such as atherosclerosis and lipid storage disorders underscores our need to know how cholesterol, phospholipid and sphingolipid metabolism is integrated. Accumulation and abnormal localization of lipids and sterol affects cellular function not only by perturbing membrane activity ...
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