Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1581
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Pan Meihui - - 2002
Although microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) and newly synthesized triglyceride (TG) are critical for co-translational targeting of apolipoprotein B (apoB100) to lipoprotein assembly in hepatoma cell lines, their roles in the later stages of lipoprotein assembly remain unclear. Using N-acetyl-Leu-Leu-norleucinal to prevent proteasomal degradation, HepG2 cells were radiolabeled and chased ...
Matveev S - - 2001
The class B, type I scavenger receptor (SR-BI) mediates the selective uptake of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl esters and the efflux of free cholesterol. SR-BI is predominantly associated with caveolae in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The caveola protein, caveolin-1, binds to cholesterol and is involved in intracellular cholesterol trafficking. ...
Tatidis L - - 2001
Sterols regulate low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase gene expressions by end product repression. Studies on cultured cells have shown that growing cells have a higher LDL uptake than quiescent cells and that incubation of cells with growth factors or mitogenic compounds leads to sterol-resistant ...
Zhang Z - - 2001
Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is the major protective system against atherosclerosis. In this system, cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is known to facilitate the transfer of neutral lipids between lipoproteins in plasma. We reported the pathophysiological significance of CETP by clinical studies with genetic CETP deficiency, showing that this protein ...
Sellers J A - - 2001
C127, a murine mammary tumor-derived cell line, is capable of lipidating and secreting apolipoprotein B-41 (apoB-41) in the apparent absence of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP). Using a semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-coupled polymerase chain reaction, mouse MTP mRNA was detected in C127 cells at approximately 10-20% of the relative abundance of ...
Villalba M - - 2001
Formation of the immunological synapse (IS) in T cells involves large scale molecular movements that are mediated, at least in part, by reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. Various signaling proteins accumulate at the IS and are localized in specialized membrane microdomains, known as lipid rafts. We have shown previously that ...
Miller A - - 2001
The relationship between growth and alterations in arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism in human breast (MCF-7) and colon (SW480) cancer cells was studied. Four different fatty acid preparations were evaluated: a mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers (c9,t11, t10,c12, c11,t13, and minor amounts of other isomers), the pure c9,t11-CLA isomer, ...
Sugano R - - 2001
We previously isolated THP-1 subtype cells (sTHP-1), a cell line that expresses scanty amounts of scavenger receptor A (ScR-A) and does not undergo foam cell formation when incubated with acetylated low-density lipoprotein (Ac-LDL). In this study, we investigated the accumulation of esterified cholesterol in sTHP-1 cells incubated with oxidized LDL ...
Cherradi N - - 2001
Angiotensin II is one of the main physiological regulators of aldosterone biosynthesis in the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex. The hormone stimulates intracellular cholesterol mobilization to the mitochondrion for steroid biosynthesis. Here we have examined whether angiotensin II also modulates exogenous lipoprotein cholesterol ester supply to the steroidogenic machinery ...
Pons M - - 2001
Annexins are a family of calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding proteins, which have been implicated in a variety of biological processes including membrane trafficking. The annexin 6/lgp120 prelysosomal compartment of NRK cells was loaded with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and then its transport from this endocytic compartment and its degradation in lysosomes were studied. ...
Ho Y Y - - 2001
Independently of its role in lipid homeostasis, apolipoprotein E (apoE) inhibits cell proliferation. We compared the effects of apoE added to media (exogenous apoE) with the effects of stably expressed apoE (endogenous apoE) on cell proliferation. Exogenous and endogenous apoE increased population doubling times by 30-50% over a period of ...
Zager R A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: MDR P glycoproteins may help transport plasma membrane free cholesterol (FC) to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where it undergoes acylation, forming cholesterol esters (CE). This study assessed whether P glycoprotein inhibitors alter renal tubular FC/CE expression, thereby altering cell integrity. METHODS: Mouse proximal tubule segments (PTS) were exposed to ...
Ugazio E - - 2001
Experimental factorial design was used to evaluate the influence of two factors involved in producing cholesteryl butyrate (chol-but) solid lipid nanospheres (SLN), microemulsion formulation and microemulsion/water ratio, on the effect of the SLN on the proliferation of NIH-H460, a non-small-cell lung carcinoma; six experimental settings were tested. The cells were ...
Weldon C B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) is a known survival pathway, and it may explain differential sensitivity to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and chemotherapeutic-induced apoptosis in apoptotically sensitive (APO+) and apoptotically resistant (APO-) Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 breast cancer cells. METHODS: Crystal violet viability and luciferase reporter gene assays were used ...
Handa K - - 2001
Two mucin-type glycoproteins, MUC-1 and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), and glycosphingolipids (GSLs), expressed in human T-cell line HUT78, were highly enriched in low-density buoyant fraction (termed "GEM"), together with CD45, Yes, Fyn, and lck(56). Enrichment of MUC-1, PSGL-1 and GSLs, together with these signal transducer molecules in low-density membrane fraction ...
Liao Z - - 2001
In a previous study we showed that budding of HIV-1 particles occurs at highly specialized membrane microdomains known as lipid rafts. These microdomains are characterized by a distinct lipid composition that includes high concentrations of cholesterol, sphingolipids, and glycolipids. Since cholesterol is known to play a key role in the ...
Pastorino F - - 2001
Formulations of antisense oligonucleotides (asODNs) against c-myb or c-myc protooncogenes have been prepared by a new technique that sequesters cationic lipid in the interior of a lipid particle. This technique results in high loading efficiency for the asODNs, small particle size and good stability. When targeted against melanoma cells or ...
Lyons M A - - 2001
7-Ketocholesterol (7K) is a quantitatively important oxysterol in both atherosclerotic lesions and macrophage foam cells. We reported recently that radiolabeled 7K delivered to rodents in a modified lipoprotein or chylomicron remnant-like emulsion, both cleared predominantly by the liver, was rapidly excreted into the intestine as water-soluble products, presumably bile acids. ...
Napolitano M - - 2001
The effects of chylomicron remnants on lipid accumulation in J774 macrophages, and the incorporation of radioactivity from remnant lipids radiolabelled with [3H]oleate into cellular lipids was investigated. After 24 h of incubation with chylomicron remnants, there was considerable accumulation of lipid within the cells as assessed by staining with oil ...
Hall E - - 2001
In the liver, sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27) participates in the classic and alternative pathways of bile acid biosynthesis from cholesterol (Chol). In extrahepatic tissues, CYP27 converts intracellular Chol to 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OH-Chol), which may regulate the activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMG-CoA-R). This study attempts to better define the role of CYP27 ...
Lin C Y - - 2001
Endogenous expression of apolipoprotein (apo)E in macrophages facilitates cholesterol efflux in the presence and absence of extracellular sterol acceptors. A proteoglycan-associated pool of apoE has also been described. The relationship between a proteoglycan-associated pool of apoE and enhanced cholesterol efflux was investigated in these studies. Inhibition of proteoglycan expression reduced ...
Chen H - - 2001
We investigated hamster parathyroid glands of different ages using electron microscopy and found a new cell type in young, adult and senile hamsters. Theses special cells were located in interstitial tissues and invariably contained several lipid droplets within the cytoplasm. The cells showed an elongated spindle with some cell processes. ...
Martínez-Botas J - - 2001
The mevalonate pathway is tightly linked to cell proliferation. The aim of the present study is to determine the relationship between the inhibition of this pathway by lovastatin and the cell cycle. HL-60 and MOLT-4 human cell lines were cultured in a cholesterol-free medium and treated with increasing concentrations of ...
Izem L - - 2001
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) mediates triglyceride and cholesteryl ester (CE) transfer between lipoproteins, and its activity is strongly modulated by dietary cholesterol. To better understand the regulation of CETP synthesis and the relationship between CETP levels and cellular lipid metabolism, we selected the SW872 adipocytic cell line as a ...
Frank P G - - 2001
Caveolin-1 is a principal structural component of caveolae membranes. These membrane microdomains participate in the regulation of signaling, transcytosis, and cholesterol homeostasis at the plasma membrane. In the present study, we determined the effect of caveolin-1 expression on cellular cholesterol efflux mediated by high-density lipoprotein (HDL). We evaluated this effect ...
Szkopinska A - - 2001
The typical size of the yeast dolichol family ranges from 14 to 19 isoprene units D((14-19)) with dolichol(16) being the dominating species. Induction of peroxisome proliferation by growing the cells in medium containing oleate as carbon source induces the synthesis of an additional family of longer dolichols D((19-24)) with D(21) ...
Chang J J - - 2001
Coronary heart disease is still the major cause of death in industrialized countries. Multiple primary or secondary interventional trials to lower serum cholesterol in humans have resulted in significant reduction of coronary events and death, one of the major reasons attributed to developing a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor such ...
Bi K - - 2001
Productive T cell activation depends on the assembly of a highly ordered and compartmentalized immunological synapse or supramolecular activation complex (SMAC). Reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and clustering of specialized membrane microdomains, or lipid rafts, occur early following TCR/CD3 and costimulatory receptor ligation. Many key signaling molecules localize in lipid ...
Aihara K - - 2001
Spur cell anemia, a hemolytic anemia observed in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis, is characterized by unusual erythrocyte morphology and an increased ratio of free cholesterol to phospholipid in the erythrocyte membrane. The prognosis of spur cell anemia is usually extremely poor, however, we describe here a patient with spur cell ...
Cheng P C - - 2001
The initiation of antibody responses to foreign antigens requires that B cells receive and integrate a variety of signals through an array of cell surface receptors including the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) as well as a number of essential coreceptors. Recent evidence indicates that cholesterol-rich plasma membrane microdomains, referred ...
Bunikis J - - 2001
Genetic transformation of Borrelia spp. is limited in development and has found application in only one species. For a non-genetic approach for manipulating the phenotype of these spirochaetes, we determined whether exogenous recombinant lipoproteins would incorporate in the cell's outer membrane. Using unlabelled or 125I-labelled Osp proteins, Osp-specific monoclonal antibodies, ...
Pilquil C - - 2001
The serum-derived phospholipid growth factor, lysophosphatidate (LPA), activates cells through a family of G-protein-coupled EDG receptors. The present article examines the role of lipid phosphate phosphatase-1 (LPP-1, or phosphatidate phosphate 2A) in regulating cell activation by LPA. Overexpressing LPP-1 approximately doubled the rate of dephosphorylation of exogenous LPA by Rat2 ...
Pilquil C - - 2001
The serum-derived phospholipid growth factor, lysophosphatidate (LPA), activates cells through a family of G-protein-coupled EDG receptors. The present article examines the role of lipid phosphate phosphatase-1 (LPP-1, or phosphatidate phosphate 2A) in regulating cell activation by LPA. Over-expressing LPP-1 approximately doubled the rate of dephosphorylation of exogenous LPA by Rat2 ...
Allakhverdiev S I - - 2001
In this study, the tolerance to salt stress of the photosynthetic machinery was examined in relation to the effects of the genetic enhancement of the unsaturation of fatty acids in membrane lipids in wild-type and desA+ cells of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942. Wild-type cells synthesized saturated and mono-unsaturated fatty acids, ...
Colles S M - - 2001
The cell injury caused by oxidized lipoproteins was among the first findings that led to the theory that it is the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), not just LDL concentration, that leads to arterial disease. Voluminous studies have now revealed that oxidized lipoproteins and their constituents can induce numerous effects ...
Wenner C - - 2001
Macrophage-derived apolipoprotein E (apoE) influences the susceptibility of the arterial wall to atherosclerosis. Previous studies have shown that production of apoE in these cells is regulated at a posttranscriptional level and is increased by inhibitors of proteasomal degradation. To further investigate this mechanism, we stably transfected RAW 264.7 macrophages and ...
Harzer K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a neurovisceral lysosomal lipidosis caused in most cases by mutations in the NPC1 gene that codes for the cholesterol regulating NPC1 protein. METHODS: Cultured skin fibroblasts from 11 NPC patients aged 0.25 to 34 years at diagnosis with different severity of neurologic and ...
Henneberry A L - - 2001
Phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine are the most abundant phospholipids in eukaryotic cells and thus have major roles in the formation and maintenance of vesicular membranes. In yeast, diacylglycerol accepts a phosphocholine moiety through a CPT1-derived cholinephosphotransferase activity to directly synthesize phosphatidylcholine. EPT1-derived activity can transfer either phosphocholine or phosphoethanolamine to diacylglcyerol ...
Rivabene R - - 2001
The absorption, remodeling, and delivery of dietary lipids by intestinal cells are part of a complex multi-step process, the dynamics of which is influenced by the lipid composition of the diet and the physiological state of enterocytes. Emerging data indicate that, among the parameters known to modulate the cell functionality, ...
Hasaba A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) are nonoxidative metabolites of ethanol produced by the esterification of fatty acids and ethanol. FAEEs have been implicated as mediators of ethanol-induced organ damage in vivo and in vitro. They are detectable in the blood and in many organs after ethanol ingestion, and on ...
Igarashi M - - 2001
We investigated the growth inhibitory effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on HepG2 (human hepatoma cell line), exploring whether the inhibitory action occurs via lipid peroxidation in the cells. When the cells were incubated up to 72 h with 5-40 microM of CLA (a mixture of 9c,11t-18:2 and 10t,12c-18:2), cell ...
Zhu W - - 2001
Galectin-3, a member of beta-galactoside-binding lectin family, is suggested to be an AGE-receptor. To examine this possibility, we prepared CHO cells overexpressing human galectin-3 (galectin-3-CHO cells). Galectin-3-CHO cells showed a specific and saturable binding to (125)I-AGE-BSA with Kd of 3.1 microg/ml. (125)I-AGE-BSA was endocytosed by galectin-3-CHO cells and underwent lysosomal ...
Nayak N - - 2001
Retinyl esters (RE) have been used extensively as markers to study chylomicron (CM) catabolism because they are secreted in the postprandial state with CM and do not exchange with other lipoproteins in the plasma. To understand the mechanism of secretion of RE by the intestine under the fasting and postprandial ...
Baudry K - - 2001
A temperature-sensitive Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant harboring a lesion in the ERG26 gene has been isolated. ERG26 encodes 4alpha-carboxysterol-C3 dehydrogenase, one of three enzymatic activities required for the conversion of 4,4-dimethylzymosterol to zymosterol. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analyses of sterols in this mutant, designated erg26-1, revealed the aberrant accumulation of a 4-methyl-4-carboxy ...
Suzuki K - - 2001
Lipid microspheres (LM), currently in clinical use as drug carriers, mainly consist of soybean oil as a core and lecithin as a surfactant. The purpose of our study wass to determine whether or not LM incorporation is receptor-mediated. U937 cells resuspended in a serum-free medium abundantly took up unmodulated LM. ...
Goti D - - 2001
It is clearly established that an efficient supply to the brain of alpha-tocopherol (alphaTocH), the most biologically active member of the vitamin E family, is of the utmost importance for proper neurological functioning. Although the mechanism of uptake of alphaTocH into cells constituting the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is obscure, we ...
Iuliano L - - 2001
Atherosclerosis is the commonest lesion of blood vessels and is responsible for life-threatening events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. In the last two decades a series of excellent studies unraveled biochemical mechanisms that provided the background for a theory of atherogenesis. This theory is centered on foam cells and ...
German D C - - 2001
The BALB/c mouse model of Niemann-Pick type C disease exhibits similar neuropathological features to the human condition, including cerebral atrophy, demyelination of the corpus callosum, and degeneration of cerebellar Purkinje cells. The gene defect in Niemann-Pick C disease causes cholesterol to accumulate within the lysosomal compartment of neurons and glial ...
Chang J Y - - 2001
Cholesterol oxides, the oxygenated derivatives of cholesterol, have been shown to cause programmed cell death in a variety of cell types. Using N9 microglia, this study was designed to investigate the molecular events induced by cholesterol oxides prior to the execution of programmed cell death. Microglia were very sensitive to ...
Charpentier D - - 2000
To determine the importance of hepatic apolipoprotein (apo) E in lipoprotein metabolism, HepG2 cells were transfected with a constitutive expression vector (pRc/CMV) containing either the complete or the first 474 base pairs of the human apoE cDNA inserted in an antisense orientation, for apoE gene inactivation, or the full-length human ...
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