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Results 451 - 500 of 1607
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Batetta B - - 2002
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory-fibroproliferative response of the arterial wall involving a complex set of interconnected events where cell proliferation (lymphomonocytes, and endothelial and smooth-muscle cells) and substantial perturbations of intracellular cholesterol metabolism are considered to be among the main features. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), the key enzyme of the hexose-monophosphate shunt ...
Cho B H. Simon - - 2002
In the present study, the binding, internalization and degradation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) was investigated in Hep-G2 cells treated with 18:0, 18:1, 18:2 and 18:3. In non-treated control cells, the surface binding (heparin-releasable) of 125I-LDL progressed in a saturable manner reaching equilibrium within 2 h, amounting 24.0 +/- 1.1, 29.5 ...
Okazaki Hiroaki - - 2002
Cholesterol ester (CE)-laden foam cells are a hallmark of atherosclerosis. To determine whether stimulation of the hydrolysis of cytosolic CE can be used as a novel therapeutic modality of atherosclerosis, we overexpressed hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) in THP-1 macrophage-like cells by adenovirus-mediated gene delivery, and we examined its effects on the ...
Zeyda Maximilian - - 2002
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) suppress immune responses and inhibit T cell activation through largely unknown mechanisms. The displacement of signaling proteins from membrane lipid rafts has recently been suggested as underlying PUFA-mediated T cell inhibition. We show here that PUFA treatment specifically interferes with T cell signal transduction by blocking ...
Swain Evelyn - - 2002
We had previously isolated the temperature-sensitive erg26-1 mutant and characterized the sterol defects in erg26-1 cells (Baudry, K., Swain, E., Rahier, A., Germann, M., Batta, A., Rondet, S., Mandala, S., Henry, K., Tint, G. S., Edlind, T., Kurtz, M., and Nickels, J. T., Jr. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 12702-12711). ...
Dixon Joseph L - - 2002
We studied apolipoprotein B100 (apoB) metabolism in a series of non-hepatic cell lines (HT29 colon adenocarcinoma, HeLa cervical epithelioid carcinoma, and 1321N1J astrocytoma human cell lines) and in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. ApoB mRNA was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in each non-hepatic cell line. ApoB ...
Hui To Yuen - - 2002
Despite a complete lack of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), L35 rat hepatoma cells secrete triglyceride-containing lipoproteins, albeit at a rate 25% of that of parental FAO hepatoma cells, which express high levels of MTP. The inability to express MTP was associated with a complete block in the secretion of ...
Jiménez-López José M - - 2002
The influence of both short- and long-term ethanol exposure on the lipid metabolism was determined in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Ethanol did not cause any cytotoxicity or lipid peroxidation even after 7 days of 100 mM ethanol treatment of HepG2 cells. Incubation of cells in the presence of ...
Duncan Keith G - - 2002
The retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells that underlie the retina ingest and metabolize thousands of lipid-rich photoreceptor outer segments (POS) every day. The scavenger receptor (SR) CD36 and integrin alphavbeta5 have been shown to participate in POS binding and internalization by RPE cells. The objective of the current study was ...
Arakawa Reijiro - - 2002
ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC) A1 was increased by apolipoprotein A-I without an increase of its message in THP-1 cells. The pulse label study demonstrated that apoA-I retarded degradation of ABCA1. Similar changes were demonstrated by apoA-II, but the effect of high density lipoprotein was almost negligible on the basis of ...
Gubina Elena - - 2002
Movement of T-lymphocyte cell surface CD43 is associated with both antigen activation of T-cell clones and chemokine induction of T-lymphocyte motility. Here, we demonstrate that CD43 movement away from the site of T-cell receptor ligation occurs in unprimed CD4(+) T cells as well as T-cell clones. The T-cell receptor (TCR)-dependent ...
Yang Peng-Yuan - - 2002
AIM: To investigate the expression level of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in a macrophage-derived foam cell model from human U937 cell line and the inhibitory effect of imperatorin (IMP) on the ICAM-1. METHODS: U937 cells were incubated with oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) 80 mg/L for 48 h and a ...
Pal Sebely - - 2002
In this study, we investigated the effect of atorvastatin, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor and CL277082, an ACAT inhibitor, on apolipoprotein B48 synthesis, degradation and secretion in transformed human intestinal enterocytes (CaCo2 cells). Cells were incubated with atorvastatin or CL277082 in the absence or presence of sterol containing media and pulsed ...
Suárez Yajaira - - 2002
Cholesterol is essential for cell growth and division, but whether this is just a consequence of its use in membrane formation or whether it also elicits regulatory actions in cell cycle machinery remains to be established. Here, we report on the specificity of this action of cholesterol in human cells ...
Hrboticky N - - 2002
Members of the Rho subfamily of small GTPases have been implicated in the regulation of endocytosis of ligand/receptor complexes localised to clathrin-coated pits. In this paper, we investigated the role of Rho A in the post-receptor regulation of cellular uptake and metabolism of native low density lipoprotein (LDL) by primary ...
Taghibiglou Changiz - - 2002
We have studied the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the suppression of apoB secretion from HepG2 cells following incubation with avasimibe (CI-1011), a novel inhibitor of acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT). Cellular lipid analysis revealed that avasimibe significantly decreased the synthesis of cholesterol and cholesteryl ester, and, at higher ...
Bassett Casey N - - 2002
Recent studies of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have shown increased oxidation of CSF lipoproteins in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, and neurotoxicity from oxidized CSF lipoproteins in culture. Since inheritance of different alleles of the apolipoprotein (apo) E gene is a risk factor for AD and apoE is the major lipoprotein trafficking ...
Pierce Susan K - - 2002
The B-cell antigen receptor acts during B-cell activation both to initiate signalling cascades and to transport antigen into the cell for subsequent processing and presentation. Recent evidence indicates that membrane microdomains, termed lipid rafts, have a role in B-cell activation as platforms for B-cell receptor (BCR) signalling and might also ...
Lange Yvonne - - 2002
The dynamics of endolysosomal cholesterol were investigated in Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) cells and in human fibroblasts treated with class 2 amphiphiles to mimic NPC cells. We showed through new approaches that the massive pools of endolysosomal cholesterol in these cells are not trapped but, rather, circulate to the cell ...
Li Q - - 2002
The effect of bile acid flux on the fate of lipoprotein-derived cholesterol was studied in bile acid-transporting McNtcp.18 hepatoma cells. The intracellular unesterified cholesterol (UC) concentration rose when McNtcp.18 cells grown in the presence of either high density lipoproteins (HDL) or low density lipoproteins (LDL) were incubated with taurocholic acid ...
Nakazawa Tomoko - - 2002
Mato's FGP cells surrounding cerebral arterioles play a significant role in the maintenance of a homeostatic microenvironment in the brain. In this study, the perivascular cells were isolated from rat cerebral microvessels and cultured in vitro to characterize their phenotype. Autofluorescence of the intracellular granules in cultured cells and the ...
Ramaswamy Manisha - - 2002
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine how a novel hydrophilic phytostanol (FM-VP4) affects the cellular accumulation of [3H]cholesterol in human colon carcinoma (Caco-2) cell monolayers grown in Transwell chambers. METHODS: To determine cellular accumulation of cholesterol and FM-VP4, [3H]cholesterol- containing micelles (50 microM cholesterol containing 1.27x10 (-4)% ...
Hayden John M - - 2002
Oxidized LDL (OxLDL) is composed of many potentially proatherogenic molecules, including oxysterols. Of the oxysterols, 7-ketocholesterol (7-KC) is found in relatively large abundance in OxLDL, as well as in atherosclerotic plaque and foam cells in vivo. Although there is evidence that 7-KC activates endothelial cells, its effect on monocytes is ...
Shen C M - - 2001
To test the hypothesis that LDL lacking of initial oxidation may also anticipate an essential role in the progression for atherosclerotic lesions, we studied the in vitro effect of foam cells induced by low density lipoprotein (LDL), oxidized (ox)-LDL or acetyl-LDL on smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. Intraperitoneal macrophages collected ...
Uittenbogaard Annette - - 2002
We previously demonstrated that in Chinese hamster ovary cells scavenger receptor, class B, type I-dependent selective cholesteryl ester uptake occurs in caveolae. In the present study we hypothesized that cholesteryl ester is transported from caveolae through the cytosol to an internal membrane by a caveolin chaperone complex similar to the ...
Boullier A - - 2001
Oxidized LDL (OxLDL) competes with oxidatively damaged and apoptotic cells for binding to mouse peritoneal macrophages, implying the presence of one or more common domains. However, the nature of the ligands involved has not been determined. Studies in this laboratory over the last several years provide evidence that oxidized phospholipids, ...
Pan Meihui - - 2002
Although microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) and newly synthesized triglyceride (TG) are critical for co-translational targeting of apolipoprotein B (apoB100) to lipoprotein assembly in hepatoma cell lines, their roles in the later stages of lipoprotein assembly remain unclear. Using N-acetyl-Leu-Leu-norleucinal to prevent proteasomal degradation, HepG2 cells were radiolabeled and chased ...
Matveev S - - 2001
The class B, type I scavenger receptor (SR-BI) mediates the selective uptake of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl esters and the efflux of free cholesterol. SR-BI is predominantly associated with caveolae in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The caveola protein, caveolin-1, binds to cholesterol and is involved in intracellular cholesterol trafficking. ...
Tatidis L - - 2001
Sterols regulate low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase gene expressions by end product repression. Studies on cultured cells have shown that growing cells have a higher LDL uptake than quiescent cells and that incubation of cells with growth factors or mitogenic compounds leads to sterol-resistant ...
Zhang Z - - 2001
Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is the major protective system against atherosclerosis. In this system, cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is known to facilitate the transfer of neutral lipids between lipoproteins in plasma. We reported the pathophysiological significance of CETP by clinical studies with genetic CETP deficiency, showing that this protein ...
Sellers J A - - 2001
C127, a murine mammary tumor-derived cell line, is capable of lipidating and secreting apolipoprotein B-41 (apoB-41) in the apparent absence of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP). Using a semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-coupled polymerase chain reaction, mouse MTP mRNA was detected in C127 cells at approximately 10-20% of the relative abundance of ...
Villalba M - - 2001
Formation of the immunological synapse (IS) in T cells involves large scale molecular movements that are mediated, at least in part, by reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. Various signaling proteins accumulate at the IS and are localized in specialized membrane microdomains, known as lipid rafts. We have shown previously that ...
Miller A - - 2001
The relationship between growth and alterations in arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism in human breast (MCF-7) and colon (SW480) cancer cells was studied. Four different fatty acid preparations were evaluated: a mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers (c9,t11, t10,c12, c11,t13, and minor amounts of other isomers), the pure c9,t11-CLA isomer, ...
Sugano R - - 2001
We previously isolated THP-1 subtype cells (sTHP-1), a cell line that expresses scanty amounts of scavenger receptor A (ScR-A) and does not undergo foam cell formation when incubated with acetylated low-density lipoprotein (Ac-LDL). In this study, we investigated the accumulation of esterified cholesterol in sTHP-1 cells incubated with oxidized LDL ...
Cherradi N - - 2001
Angiotensin II is one of the main physiological regulators of aldosterone biosynthesis in the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex. The hormone stimulates intracellular cholesterol mobilization to the mitochondrion for steroid biosynthesis. Here we have examined whether angiotensin II also modulates exogenous lipoprotein cholesterol ester supply to the steroidogenic machinery ...
Pons M - - 2001
Annexins are a family of calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding proteins, which have been implicated in a variety of biological processes including membrane trafficking. The annexin 6/lgp120 prelysosomal compartment of NRK cells was loaded with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and then its transport from this endocytic compartment and its degradation in lysosomes were studied. ...
Ho Y Y - - 2001
Independently of its role in lipid homeostasis, apolipoprotein E (apoE) inhibits cell proliferation. We compared the effects of apoE added to media (exogenous apoE) with the effects of stably expressed apoE (endogenous apoE) on cell proliferation. Exogenous and endogenous apoE increased population doubling times by 30-50% over a period of ...
Zager R A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: MDR P glycoproteins may help transport plasma membrane free cholesterol (FC) to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where it undergoes acylation, forming cholesterol esters (CE). This study assessed whether P glycoprotein inhibitors alter renal tubular FC/CE expression, thereby altering cell integrity. METHODS: Mouse proximal tubule segments (PTS) were exposed to ...
Ugazio E - - 2001
Experimental factorial design was used to evaluate the influence of two factors involved in producing cholesteryl butyrate (chol-but) solid lipid nanospheres (SLN), microemulsion formulation and microemulsion/water ratio, on the effect of the SLN on the proliferation of NIH-H460, a non-small-cell lung carcinoma; six experimental settings were tested. The cells were ...
Weldon C B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) is a known survival pathway, and it may explain differential sensitivity to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and chemotherapeutic-induced apoptosis in apoptotically sensitive (APO+) and apoptotically resistant (APO-) Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 breast cancer cells. METHODS: Crystal violet viability and luciferase reporter gene assays were used ...
Handa K - - 2001
Two mucin-type glycoproteins, MUC-1 and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), and glycosphingolipids (GSLs), expressed in human T-cell line HUT78, were highly enriched in low-density buoyant fraction (termed "GEM"), together with CD45, Yes, Fyn, and lck(56). Enrichment of MUC-1, PSGL-1 and GSLs, together with these signal transducer molecules in low-density membrane fraction ...
Liao Z - - 2001
In a previous study we showed that budding of HIV-1 particles occurs at highly specialized membrane microdomains known as lipid rafts. These microdomains are characterized by a distinct lipid composition that includes high concentrations of cholesterol, sphingolipids, and glycolipids. Since cholesterol is known to play a key role in the ...
Pastorino F - - 2001
Formulations of antisense oligonucleotides (asODNs) against c-myb or c-myc protooncogenes have been prepared by a new technique that sequesters cationic lipid in the interior of a lipid particle. This technique results in high loading efficiency for the asODNs, small particle size and good stability. When targeted against melanoma cells or ...
Lyons M A - - 2001
7-Ketocholesterol (7K) is a quantitatively important oxysterol in both atherosclerotic lesions and macrophage foam cells. We reported recently that radiolabeled 7K delivered to rodents in a modified lipoprotein or chylomicron remnant-like emulsion, both cleared predominantly by the liver, was rapidly excreted into the intestine as water-soluble products, presumably bile acids. ...
Napolitano M - - 2001
The effects of chylomicron remnants on lipid accumulation in J774 macrophages, and the incorporation of radioactivity from remnant lipids radiolabelled with [3H]oleate into cellular lipids was investigated. After 24 h of incubation with chylomicron remnants, there was considerable accumulation of lipid within the cells as assessed by staining with oil ...
Hall E - - 2001
In the liver, sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27) participates in the classic and alternative pathways of bile acid biosynthesis from cholesterol (Chol). In extrahepatic tissues, CYP27 converts intracellular Chol to 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OH-Chol), which may regulate the activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMG-CoA-R). This study attempts to better define the role of CYP27 ...
Lin C Y - - 2001
Endogenous expression of apolipoprotein (apo)E in macrophages facilitates cholesterol efflux in the presence and absence of extracellular sterol acceptors. A proteoglycan-associated pool of apoE has also been described. The relationship between a proteoglycan-associated pool of apoE and enhanced cholesterol efflux was investigated in these studies. Inhibition of proteoglycan expression reduced ...
Chen H - - 2001
We investigated hamster parathyroid glands of different ages using electron microscopy and found a new cell type in young, adult and senile hamsters. Theses special cells were located in interstitial tissues and invariably contained several lipid droplets within the cytoplasm. The cells showed an elongated spindle with some cell processes. ...
Martínez-Botas J - - 2001
The mevalonate pathway is tightly linked to cell proliferation. The aim of the present study is to determine the relationship between the inhibition of this pathway by lovastatin and the cell cycle. HL-60 and MOLT-4 human cell lines were cultured in a cholesterol-free medium and treated with increasing concentrations of ...
Izem L - - 2001
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) mediates triglyceride and cholesteryl ester (CE) transfer between lipoproteins, and its activity is strongly modulated by dietary cholesterol. To better understand the regulation of CETP synthesis and the relationship between CETP levels and cellular lipid metabolism, we selected the SW872 adipocytic cell line as a ...
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