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Knodler Leigh A LA Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America ; Laboratory of Intracellular Parasites, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of - - 2014
Within mammalian cells, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) inhabits a membrane-bound vacuole known as the Salmonella-containing vacuole (SCV). We have recently shown that wild type S. Typhimurium also colonizes the cytosol of epithelial cells. Here we sought to quantify the contribution of cytosolic Salmonella to the total population over ...
Yu Hong B - - 2014
ABSTRACT Autophagy is a process whereby a double-membrane structure (autophagosome) engulfs unnecessary cytosolic proteins, organelles, and invading pathogens and delivers them to the lysosome for degradation. We examined the fate of cytosolic Salmonella targeted by autophagy and found that autophagy-targeted Salmonella present in the cytosol of HeLa cells correlates with ...
Li Baoguang - - 2013
Although a variety of methodologies are available for detection of Salmonella, sensitive, specific, and efficient methods are urgently needed for differentiation of live Salmonella cells from dead cells in food and environmental samples. Propidium monoazide (PMA) can preferentially penetrate the compromised membranes of dead cells and inhibit their DNA amplification, ...
Cooper Colin A - - 2013
Salmonella enterica is a causative agent of foodborne gastroenteritis and the systemic disease known as typhoid fever. This bacterium uses two type three secretion systems (T3SSs) to translocate protein effectors into host cells to manipulate cellular function. Salmonella pathogenicity island (SPI)-2 encodes a T3SS required for intracellular survival of the ...
Hannemann Sebastian - - 2013
Salmonella Typhimurium has evolved a complex functional interface with its host cell largely determined by two type III secretion systems (T3SS), which through the delivery of bacterial effector proteins modulate a variety of cellular processes. We show here that Salmonella Typhimurium infection of epithelial cells results in a profound transcriptional ...
Sha Qiong - - 2013
Abstract The potential of fish to transfer salmonellae from heterogeneous aquatic biofilms into feces was assessed in controlled aquarium studies with Suckermouth Catfish Hypostomus plecostomus and with biofilms inoculated with salmonellae. Neither the presence of catfish nor inoculation with salmonellae had detectable effects on the abundance of the microbial community. ...
Sultan Syed Z SZ Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, - - 2013
The Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, exists in a zoonotic cycle involving an arthropod tick and mammalian host. Dissemination of the organism within and between these hosts depends upon the spirochete's ability to traverse through complex tissues. Additionally, the spirochete outruns the host immune cells while migrating through the dermis, ...
Cheng Du D Department of Biological Sciences, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA 95521, - - 2013
The western black-legged tick, Ixodes pacificus Cooley and Kohls, commonly bites humans in the far western U.S. In addition to transmitting Lyme borreliosis and anaplasmosis, it is a host of nonpathogenic bacteria as well as some of unknown pathogenicity. In this study, we report the detection, prevalence, and burden of ...
Moon Ju-Hyung - - 2012
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Local anesthetics combined with corticosteroids are commonly used for management of back pain in interventional spinal procedures. Several recent studies suggest cytotoxicity of bupivacaine, whereas others report protective and cytotoxic effects of corticosteroids on chondrocytes and intervertebral disc cells. Considering the frequent use of these agents in spinal ...
Dakwar George R - - 2012
In vitro safety assessment of disposable medical devices, including infusion sets, is usually performed using L-929 mouse keratinocytes. However, cells of different origin (endothelial, lymphoid and myeloid cells) are also exposed to infusion sets' extractables during their clinical use. We studied whether the cEND mouse brain endothelial cells can be ...
Sikandar Shafaq S Department of Neuroscience, Physiology and Pharmacology, University College London, WC1E 6BT London, UK. - - 2012
Pro-nociceptive ON-cells in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) facilitate nociceptive processing and contribute to descending serotonergic controls. We use RVM injections of neurotoxic dermorphin-saporin (Derm-SAP) in rats to evaluate the role of putative ON-cells, or μ-opioid receptor-expressing (MOR) neurones, in visceral pain processing. Our immunohistochemistry shows that intra-RVM Derm-SAP locally ...
Delk Nikki A - - 2012
Autophagy reallocates nutrients and clears normal cells of damaged proteins and organelles. In the context of metastatic disease, invading cancer cells hijack autophagic processes to survive and adapt in the host microenvironment. We sought to understand how autophagy is regulated in the metastatic niche for prostate cancer (PCa) cells where ...
Pazdro Robert - - 2012
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) result from non-enzymatic glycation of proteins and cause cellular oxidative stress in an NADPH oxidase-dependent manner. Due to these effects, AGEs are implicated as a causal factor in diabetic complications. Several antioxidants, including vitamin E, improve cell viability and diminish markers of oxidative damage in ...
Qin Yi - - 2012
Morphine is not only an analgesic treating pain for patients with cancer but also a potential anticancer drug inhibiting tumor growth and proliferation. To gain better insight into the involvement of morphine in the biological characteristics of gastric cancer, we investigated effects on progression of gastric carcinoma cells and the ...
Aung-Htut May T - - 2012
Oxidative damage to cellular constituents has frequently been associated with aging in a wide range of organisms. The power of yeast genetics and biochemistry has provided the opportunity to analyse in some detail how reactive oxygen and nitrogen species arise in cells, how cells respond to the damage that these ...
Charbaji Nada - - 2012
Oral mucositis is one of the most common side effects of chemoradiation regimens and manifestation can be dose-limiting for the therapy, can impair the patient's nutritional condition and quality of life due to severe pain. The therapeutic options are limited; often only an alleviation of the symptoms such as pain ...
Mukherjee Sanchali Gupta - - 2011
In this study the cytotoxic effect of commercially available silver (Ag) nanoparticle was evaluated using human dermal and cervical cancer cell lines. Prior to the cellular studies a full particle size characterization was carried out using dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy in distilled water ...
Stoll Elizabeth A EA Institute for Stem Cell & Regenerative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-8056, USA. - - 2011
Although new neurons are produced in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the adult mammalian brain, fewer functional neurons are produced with increasing age. The age-related decline in neurogenesis has been attributed to a decreased pool of neural progenitor cells (NPCs), an increased rate of cell death, and an inability to ...
Mazzoni Cristina - - 2011
Comment on: Scheckhuber CQ, et al. Cell Cycle 2011; 10:3105-10.
Braun Ralf J - - 2011
Mitochondria play crucial roles in programmed cell death and aging. Different stimuli activate distinct mitochondrion-dependent cell death pathways, and aging is associated with a progressive increase in mitochondrial damage, culminating in oxidative stress and cellular dysfunction. Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles that constantly fuse and divide, forming either interconnected mitochondrial ...
Hassanein Mohamed - - 2011
Metabolism, and especially glucose uptake, is a key quantitative cell trait that is closely linked to cancer initiation and progression. Therefore, developing high-throughput assays for measuring glucose uptake in cancer cells would be enviable for simultaneous comparisons of multiple cell lines and microenvironmental conditions. This study was designed with two ...
Li Wei-Ren - - 2011
Late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) is closely related to secondary androgen deficiency in aged males, but the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we found that reduced testosterone production in aged rat Leydig cells is associated with decreased autophagic activity. Primary rat Leydig cells and the TM3 mouse Leydig cell line were ...
Pani Giovambattista - - 2011
Deregulation of the nutrient sensitive mTOR signaling pathway has been recently involved in several age-related diseases, and pharmacological blockade of mTOR extends longevity in model organisms and in mice. Mechanistic studies in vitro have shed light on the role of mTOR-dependent growth signals in promoting senescence and exhaustion of quiescent ...
Goto Hiroya - - 2011
SummaryGranulosa cells influence the growth and acquisition of the developmental competence of oocytes. We investigated the effects of ageing on the proliferative activity, global genomic DNA methylation, relative telomere length and telomerase activity of bovine granulosa cells. The proliferative activity of cells was examined by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) assay, genomic DNA ...
Song Ho Won - - 2011
AIM: Our study aimed to demonstrate whether agmatine could regulate proliferation and cell fate determination of subventricular zone neural stem cells (SVZ NSCs). MAIN METHODS: SVZ NSCs were grown in the presence of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) (20ng/ml) until 4days in vitro (DIV) and ...
Ocampo Alejandro - - 2011
Yeast chronological life span (CLS) is defined as the capacity of stationary cultures to maintain viability over time, thus mimicking the situation of post-mitotic cells in multicellular organisms. Cellular viability is typically determined by using the colony formation unit assay (CFU). CFU counting is simple but laborious and does not ...
Shin Hee Jong HJ Research Institute of Immunobiology, Department of Medical Lifescience, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 137-701, - - 2011
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with human cancers such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, and gastric carcinoma (GC). EBV is associated with about 10% of all GC cases globally. EBV-associated GC has distinct features from EBV-negative GC. However, it is still unclear if EBV infection has any effect ...
Xu Baojun B Food Science and Technology Program, Beijing Normal University - Hong Kong Baptist University United International College, Zhuhai 519085, - - 2011
The effects of boiling and steaming processes on the antiproliferative and cellular antioxidant properties, as well as phytochemicals, of two types of common beans (pinto and black beans) and two types of soybeans (yellow and black) were investigated. All thermal-processing methods caused significant (p<0.05) decreases in total phenolic content (TPC), ...
Mores Alinne Ulbrich - - 2011
The production of Secretory Aspartyl Proteases (Sap) is an important virulence factor of Candida albicans. Many studies have shown that a challenge with sub-inhibitory concentrations of antifungals lead species of Candida to the secretion of higher concentrations of Sap. Nevertheless, published studies only reported the secretion of such enzymes by ...
Chen Zhimin - - 2011
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) is an important mediator for cytokine signal transduction, particularly IFN-γ. Following IFN-γ stimulation, STAT1 is activated through tyrosine phosphorylation. Little is known about the function and regulation of STAT1 dephosphorylation after activation. We studied the regulation and function of STAT1 dephosphorylation in ...
Akagami Masatoshi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We previously reported interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-induced apoptosis in 10 (32%) of 31 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell lines. However, the molecular basis of antiproliferative action by IFN-γ remains elusive. Here we demonstrate that IFN-γ induces transcriptional factor Prox1, and we explore the link between Prox1 and the IFN-γ system ...
Bao Bin - - 2011
Zinc deficiency impairs cellular immunity. Up-regulation of mRNA levels of IFN-γ, IL-12Rβ2, and T-bet are essential for Th(1) differentiation. We hypothesized that zinc increases Th(1) differentiation via up-regulation of IFN-γ and T-bet expression. To test this hypothesis, we used zinc-deficient and zinc-sufficient HUT-78 cells (a Th(0) cell line) under different ...
Guan Yan-Qing - - 2011
Synthesis of anticancer polymeric materials plus their biological applications is one of the most charming and active research areas in biological functional materials. However, the predominant mechanisms for controlling cancer cell viability are not yet clear. In this work, cell culture polymeric materials co-immobilized with death signal proteins interferon-γ (IFN-γ)/tumor ...
Lv Huiming - - 2011
Introduction: High interferon-γ (IFN-γ) expression in tumors has been reported to be a favorable prognostic marker. Continuous exposure of ovarian cancer cells to IFN-γ was previously shown to result in significant growth inhibition and apoptosis. Our goal in this study was to evaluate the effect of plasmid-mediated stable IFN-γ expression ...
Prodanovic Radivoje - - 2011
A compartmentalized tyramid labeling system (CoaTi) employing flow cytometry for sorting of yeast cells was developed as ultrahigh-throughput screening for Glucose oxidase (GOx) from Aspergillus niger. CoaTi combines in vitro compartmentalization technology with the CARD reporter system which uses fluorescein tyramide labels for detection of peroxidase activity. Physical connection between ...
Zhang Zi-Feng - - 2011
Human N-Myc downstream regulated gene2 (NDRG2), a novel gene has been cloned and shown to be related to a number of cellular processes, including proliferation, differentiation, stress, and apoptosis. NDRG2 has also been linked to age-related Alzheimer's disease. Since the role of this gene in senescence is limited, we have ...
Prigione Alessandro - - 2011
Somatic cells reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) acquire features of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and thus represent a promising source for cellular therapy of debilitating diseases, such as age-related disorders. However, reprogrammed cell lines have been found to harbor various genomic alterations. In addition, we recently discovered ...
Hu Jianzhong - - 2011
In the first few hours following Newcastle disease viral infection of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells, the induction of IFNB1 is extremely low and the secreted type I interferon response is below the limits of ELISA assay. However, many interferon-induced genes are activated at this time, for example DDX58 (RIGI), which ...
Mitsui Keiji - - 2010
Organelle-localized NHEs (Na+/H+ exchangers) are found in cells from yeast to humans and contribute to organellar pH regulation by exporting H+ from the lumen to the cytosol coupled to an H+ gradient established by vacuolar H+-ATPase. The mechanisms underlying the regulation of organellar NHEs are largely unknown. In the present ...
Martins Margarida - - 2010
Cell-cell signaling alcohol molecules were recently identified in Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis supernatants. To date, it is not known whether these molecules are produced by other Candida species and their role in biofilm formation is not fully clarified. Herein, Candida parapsilosis and Candida tropicalis extracellular alcohols production by planktonic ...
Wellen Kathryn E KE Department of Cancer Biology, Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2010
Glucose and glutamine serve as the two primary carbon sources in proliferating cells, and uptake of both nutrients is directed by growth factor signaling. Although either glucose or glutamine can potentially support mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle integrity and ATP production, we found that glucose deprivation led to a marked ...
Alfarano Chiara - - 2011
The present work aimed to investigate the effect of losartan treatment of healthy and diabetic rats on cardiomyocyte response to ATP depletion. Cells were isolated from normoglycemic (N) and streptozotocin-injected (55mg/kg) rats (D) treated or not treated with losartan (20mg/kg/day in the drinking water; NL and DL, respectively) for 3 ...
Rogacka Dorota - - 2010
Glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (GFAT) and N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (OGT) participate in glucosamine (GlcN) production and its utilization in O-glycosylation, one of key post-translational modifications of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. For this purpose, cells require a high rate of intracellular production of GlcN and/or significant GlcN delivery. We studied the expression of GFAT1 and ...
Liu Han - - 2011
Hyperglycemia promotes pancreatic cancer progression, while the underlying mechanism is uncertain. We investigated the cell proliferation, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and its tyrosine kinase receptor RET expression in BxPC-3 and MIA PaCa-2 cells when exposed to different concentrations of glucose. Proliferation of both cells was effected by glucose ...
Blouin Jean-Marc - - 2011
Butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid produced by the colonic bacterial fermentation is able to induce cell growth inhibition and differentiation in colon cancer cells at least partially through its capacity to inhibit histone deacetylases. Since butyrate is expected to impact cellular metabolic pathways in colon cancer cells, we hypothesize that ...
da Silva Teresa Lopes - - 2011
Flow cytometry was used to monitor the lipid content, viability and intrinsic light scatter properties of Rhodotorula glutinis CCMI 145 cells growing on batch cultures using xylose and glucose as carbon sources. The highest lipid content was observed for cells grown on glucose, at the end of the exponential phase ...
Dalvai Mathieu - - 2010
Oct1 is a ubiquitously expressed transcription factor that is induced in response to DNA damage to modulate gene expression. Herein, Oct1 deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts were used as a model to study the importance of Oct1 in cellular stress response. Cells lacking Oct1 kept proliferating and bypassed the G(1) cell ...
Brand M D - - 2010
Pancreatic β-cells have remarkable bioenergetics in which increased glucose supply upregulates the cytosolic ATP/ADP ratio and increases insulin secretion. This arrangement allows glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) to be regulated by the coupling efficiency of oxidative phosphorylation. Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) modulates coupling efficiency and may regulate GSIS. Initial measurements of ...
Nie Xinyi - - 2010
Phenotypic switching in Candida albicans spontaneously generates different cellular morphologies. The reversible switching between white and opaque phenotypes is regulated by multiple regulators including Efg1 and Wor1. In mating-type-like locus (MTL) homozygous cells, the Efg1 functions as a repressor, whereas the Wor1 acts as an activator in white-opaque switching. We ...
Bort Juan A Hernández - - 2010
During the process of recombinant cell line optimisation for production of biopharmaceuticals, multiple cellular properties like robustness against stress, the attainment of high cell concentrations and maintenance of high viability must be considered to maximize protein yield. To improve growth and viability, glutamine is supplemented as an alternative energy source ...
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