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Results 251 - 300 of 1837
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Fischer-Posovszky Pamela - - 2008
The human Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) preadipocyte cell strain provides a unique and useful tool for studies of human adipocyte biology. The cells originate from an adipose tissue specimen of a patient with SGBS. They are neither transformed nor immortalized, and provide an almost unlimited source due to their ability to ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2008
Lactogenic hormones cause intracellular targeting of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) for transport of glucose to the site of lactose synthesis in mammary glands. Our aim was to study the intracellular trafficking mechanisms involved in GLUT1 targeting and recycling in CIT3 mouse mammary epithelial cells. Fusion proteins of GLUT1 and enhanced ...
van Zutphen Tim - - 2008
In the yeast Hansenula polymorpha the development and turnover of peroxisomes is readily achieved by manipulation of the cultivation conditions. The organelles massively develop when the cells are incubated in the presence of methanol as the sole source of carbon and energy. However, they are rapidly and selectively degraded when ...
Nocito Fabio Francesco - - 2008
* Cadmium (Cd) stress increases cell metabolic demand for sulfur, reducing equivalents, and carbon skeletons, to sustain phytochelatin biosynthesis for Cd detoxification. In this condition the induction of potentially acidifying anaplerotic metabolism in root tissues may be expected. For these reasons the effects of Cd accumulation on anaplerotic metabolism, glycolysis, ...
Klawitter Jost - - 2008
The genomic response to adaptation of IMCD3 cells to hypertonicity results in both upregulation and downregulation of a variety of genes. The present study was undertaken to assess the metabonomic and proteomic response of IMCD3 cells that have been chronically adapted to hypertonicity (600 and 900 mosm/kg H(2)O) as compared ...
Xiaojuan Chen - - 2008
The toxic effects of La(3+) on Tetrahymena thermophila have been studied by microcalorimetry at 28 degrees C. The metabolic rate constant (r) and peak time were linked to the concentration of La(3+). The changes of metabolic rate constant indicated that low-concentration La(3+) (0-75 mg/L) had no significant effects on the ...
Hamil Lamar - - 2008
Panc-1 is a human pleiomorphic epithelioid carcinoma of the exocrine pancreas. There is evidence these cells can be manipulated into insulin producing cells, by transfection with an insulin promoter or by altering the culture medium. In experiments where the cultures were altered, the insulin secreting cell types were aggregates of ...
Johnson William E B - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The avascular nature of the human intervertebral disc (IVD) is thought to play a major role in disc pathophysiology by limiting nutrient supply to resident IVD cells. In the human IVD, the central IVD cells at maturity are normally chondrocytic in phenotype. However, abnormal cell phenotypes have been associated ...
Dinh Thai Nho - - 2008
Microorganisms can adapt to perturbations of the surrounding environment to grow. To analyze the adaptation process of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to a high ethanol concentration, repetitive cultivation was performed with a stepwise increase in the ethanol concentration in the culture medium. First, a laboratory strain of S. cerevisiae was ...
Sengupta Sadhak S Institute for Cellular Therapeutics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 570, S. Preston Street, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2008
Authors contributed equally to this manuscript Natural adjuvants, such as bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), activate antigen presenting cells via Toll-like receptors and, indirectly, increase the survival of antigen-activated T cells. The molecular mechanisms leading to increased survival remain poorly defined. Because T cell clonal expansion leads to high energy demands, we ...
Fan Teresa W M TW Department of Chemistry, University of Louisville, KY, USA. - - 2008
The functional status of a cell is expressed in its metabolic activity. We have applied stable isotope tracing methods to determine the differences in metabolic pathways in proliferating Rhabdomysarcoma cells (Rh30) and human primary myocytes in culture. Uniformly 13C-labeled glucose was used as a source molecule to follow the incorporation ...
Zhao Yuxing Y Department of Pharmacology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2008
Glucose metabolism represents a critical physiological program that not only provides energy to support cell proliferation, but also directly modulates signaling pathways of cell death. With the growing recognition of regulation of cell death by glucose metabolism, many techniques that can be applied in the study have been developed. This ...
Marais A - - 2008
TGF-beta1 is thought to decrease the proportion of embryonic pancreatic beta-cells with respect to alpha-cells, whereas glucose is thought to enhance beta-cell proportions in rats. However, chick pancreatic cells may respond in a dissimilar way to glucose. Thus, the effect of TGF-beta1 on the proportion of beta-cells in embryonic chick ...
Deschamps Philippe - - 2008
Eukaryotic cells are composed of a variety of membrane-bound organelles that are thought to derive from symbiotic associations involving bacteria, archaea, or other eukaryotes. In addition to acquiring the plastid, all Archaeplastida and some of their endosymbiotic derivatives can be distinguished from other organisms by the fact that they accumulate ...
Talebnia, Farid
The impact of encapsulation on the anaerobic growth pattern of S. cerevisiae CBS 8066 in a defined synthetic medium over 20 consecutive batch cultivations was investigated. In this period, the ethanol yield increased from 0.43 to 0.46 g/g, while the biomass and glycerol yields decreased by 58 and 23%, respectively. ...
Yin Deng-Ke - - 2007
The aims of this study were to investigate whether chemically modified non-anticoagulation heparin derivate (Periodate-Oxidized/Borohydride-Reduced modified heparin (OR-heparin)) can inhibit high glucose-induced human mesangial cell proliferation and its influence on the cell cycle. OR-heparin with low anticoagulation activity inhibited high glucose-induced early proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. OR-heparin released high ...
Klein Benjamin - - 2008
During growth on n-alkanes, the marine bacterium Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus SP17 formed a biofilm at the alkane-water interface. We showed that hexadecane degradation was correlated with biofilm development and that alkane uptake is localized in the biofilm but not in the bulk medium. Biofilms were observed in cultures on metabolizable n-alkanes ...
Yutaka Amao, Yumi Takeuchi
Visible light-operated glucose-O<SUB align=right><SMALL>2</SMALL></SUB> biofuel cell consisting of chlorin-e<SUB align=right><SMALL>6</SMALL></SUB> metal complexes (MChl–e<SUB align=right><SMALL>6</SMALL></SUB>, M = H<SUB align=right><SMALL>2</SMALL></SUB> and Zn) adsorbed on TiO<SUB align=right><SMALL>2</SMALL></SUB> coated onto Optical Transparent conductive glass Electrode (OTE) as an anode, platinum electrode as a cathode, and the solution containing glucose, Glucose Dehydrogenase and NAD<SUP align=right><SMALL>+</SMALL></SUP> ...
Rodrigues Rita C L B - - 2008
Spent sulfite pulping liquor (SSL) contains lignin, which is present as lignosulfonate, and hemicelluloses that are present as hydrolyzed carbohydrates. To reduce the biological oxygen demand of SSL associated with dissolved sugars, we studied the capacity of Pichia stipitis FPL-YS30 (xyl3Delta) to convert these sugars into useful products. FPL-YS30 produces ...
Krause Erin L - - 2007
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an important microorganism for the ethanol fuel industry. As with many microorganisms, the production and accumulation of certain metabolites, such as ethanol, can have a detrimental effect on cell growth and productivity. Yeast cells containing a higher concentration of phosphatidylinositol (PI) in the cellular membrane, ...
Kim Mee-Hae - - 2007
We investigated the synergistic effect of D-glucose and epidermal growth factor (EGF) display on the dynamic cellular behaviors of morphology and migration in a culture of human epithelial cells. The time-lapse observation revealed that the cells on the D-glucose/EGF-displayed substrate were endowed with enhanced migration, accompanied with periodic changes in ...
Spégel Christer F - - 2007
The two main metabolic pathways involved in sugar metabolism, i.e., the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) and the glycolytic pathway (GP), were amperometrically monitored using a double-mediator system composed of menadione and ferricyanide. With the use of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae deletion mutant, EBY44, lacking the gene encoding for the branch point ...
Dufort Fay J - - 2007
IL-4 prevents the death of naive B lymphocytes through the up-regulation of antiapoptotic proteins such as Bcl-x(L). Despite studies implicating glucose utilization in growth factor-dependent survival of hemopoietic cells, the role of glucose energy metabolism in maintaining B cell viability by IL-4 is unknown. We show that IL-4 triggers glucose ...
Gjersing Erica L - - 2007
Bacteria often reside in communities where the cells have secreted sticky, polymeric compounds that allow them to attach to surfaces. This sessile lifestyle, referred to as a biofilm, affords the cells within these communities a tolerance of antibiotics and antimicrobial treatments. Biofilms of the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa have been implicated ...
Smith Tim A D - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Tumor refractoriness to chemotherapy is frequently due to the acquisition of resistance. Resistant cells selected by exposure to chemotherapy agents may exhibit differences in [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) incorporation, as compared with sensitive cells. METHODS: FDG incorporation, hexokinase (HK) activity, glucose transport and ATP content were determined in clones of 5-fluorouracil ...
Tatake Revati J - - 2007
In this report we describe development and characterization of four human cell lines that are able to secrete insulin and C-peptide in response to higher concentrations of glucose. These cell lines have been developed by stably and constitutively expressing human proinsulin with a furin-cleavable site, whereas expression of furin is ...
Simpkin Victoria L VL School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Hugh Robson Building, George Square, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2007
Control of chondrocyte pH (pH(i)) determines articular cartilage matrix metabolism. However, the transporters of chondrocytes in situ throughout cartilage zones are unclear, and we tested the hypothesis that chondocytes within the superficial zone (SZ) utilise a HCO(3) (-)-dependent system absent from other zones. Imaging of single BCECF-labelled cells was used ...
Nakamura H - - 2007
The damped glycolytic oscillation phenomenon occurring in starved cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (NBRC 0565) was characterization for application to a toxicity bioassay. S. cerevisiae was grown under semi-anaerobic conditions. The transient oscillations were observed photometrically as the time course of the fluorescent intensity of reduced pyridine nucleotide resulting ...
Antony Nisha - - 2007
Myostatin is a member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily, known for its ability to inhibit muscle growth. It can also regulate metabolism and glucose uptake in a number of tissues. To determine the mechanism of myostatin's effect on glucose uptake, we evaluated its actions using choriocarcinoma cell lines ...
Müller Jana - - 2007
The natural life cycle of Vibrio cholerae involves the transitioning of cells between different environmental surfaces such as the chitinous shell of Crustaceae and the epithelial layer of the human intestine. Previous studies using static biofilm systems showed a strict dependence of biofilm formation on the vps and lux genes, ...
Smutok Oleh - - 2007
A L-lactate-selective microbial biosensor was developed using permeabilized cells of gene-engineered thermotolerant methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha, over-producing L-lactate:cytochrome c-oxidoreductase (EC 1.1.2.3, flavocytochrome b(2), FC b(2)). The construction of FC b(2)-producers by over-expression of the gene CYB2 H. polymorpha encoding FC b(2) is described. The HpCYB2 gene under the control of ...
Ochiai Teruhiko - - 2007
CO(2)-insensitive mutants of the green alga Chlorella ellipsoidea were previously shown to be unable to repress an inorganic carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM) when grown under 5% CO(2). When air-grown, wild-type (WT) cells were transferred to 5% CO(2), an abrupt drop of P(max) to 43% the original level of air-grown cells was ...
Matheson B K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In normal prostate epithelial cells low m-aconitase activity decreases citrate oxidation leading to citrate accumulation. In prostate cancer cells m-aconitase activity is increased and citrate content is lower. The effect of inhibition of m-aconitase on ATP production by prostate cancer cells (PC3) is not known nor is the contribution ...
Gao Tong T Howard Hughes Medical Institute, MS-140, Rice University, 6100 S. Main Street, Houston, TX 77005-1892, - - 2007
Developing Dictyostelium cells form aggregation streams that break into groups of approximately 2 x 10(4) cells. The breakup and subsequent group size are regulated by a secreted multisubunit counting factor (CF). To elucidate how CF regulates group size, we isolated second-site suppressors of smlA(-), a transformant that forms small groups ...
Goh Yong Jun - - 2007
The fosABCDXE operon encodes components of a putative fructose/mannose phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase system and a beta-fructosidase precursor (FosE) that are involved in the fructooligosaccharide (FOS) utilization pathway of Lactobacillus paracasei 1195. The presence of an N-terminal signal peptide sequence and an LPQAG cell wall anchor motif in the C-terminal region of ...
Welin-Neilands Jessica - - 2007
Streptococcus mutans, a member of the dental plaque community, has been shown to be involved in the carious process. Cells of S. mutans induce an acid tolerance response (ATR) when exposed to sublethal pH values that enhances their survival at a lower pH. Mature biofilm cells are more resistant to ...
Bosco Domenico - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess whether the expression of E-cadherin at the surface of rat beta-cells is regulated by insulin secretagogues and correlates with insulin secretion. When cultured under standard conditions, virtually all beta-cells expressed E-cadherin observed by immunofluorescence, but heterogeneous staining was observed. Using fluorescence-activated cell ...
Melo Analy S - - 2007
The paradoxical growth (PG) of Candida sp. biofilms in the presence of high caspofungin (CAS) concentrations was previously unknown. We sought to characterize the PG at supra-MICs of CAS among clinical Candida sp. isolates grown as biofilms in 96-well polystyrene microtiter plates. The MICs of CAS were determined for 30 ...
Luo Lin - - 2007
Yeast cells of the human pathogen Candida albicans that enter the bloodstream can be engulfed by macrophage cells but survive in, and can escape from, the phagolysosome. The C. albicans gene HGT12, which is specifically expressed during macrophage infection, encodes a protein that transports fructose, glucose and mannose. Expression of ...
Liu Kaiyu - - 2007
The relation between autophagy and apoptosis has not been clearly elucidated. Here, we reported that apoptosis followed autophagy in insect Spodoptera litura cells (Sl) undergoing glucose starvation. Sl cells have been adapted to Leibovitz-15 medium supplemented with glucose (1.0 g/l) and 5% fetal bovine serum (FBS), used for mammalian cell ...
Balkos Konstantine D - - 2007
The acid-tolerant green alga Chlamydomonas (UTCC 121) grows in media ranging in pH from 2.5 to 7.0. Determination of the overall internal pH of the cells, using (14)C-benzoic acid (BA) or [2-(14)C]-5,5-dimethyloxazolidine-2,4-dione (DMO), showed that the cells maintain a neutral pH (6.6 to 7.2) over an external pH range of ...
Jeffery Y. Masau, Rosemarie
Growth of Thiobacillus thiooxidans 8085 on 9K medium containing thiosulfate instead of sulfur, as the sole energy source, was successfully attained. The optimum growth pH was maintained at 5.0 during cultivation. The cultivation period for T. thiooxidans on thiosulfate was 4-5 days at 28$\sp{\circ}$C. The final cell yield with 1% ...
Bäumchen Carsten - - 2007
A recombinant oxidation/reduction cycle for the conversion of D-fructose to D-mannitol was established in resting cells of Corynebacterium glutamicum. Whole cells were used as biocatalysts, supplied with 250 mM sodium formate and 500 mM D-fructose at pH 6.5. The mannitol dehydrogenase gene (mdh) from Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides was overexpressed in strain ...
Eboigbodin Kevin E KE Department of Chemical and Process Engineering and Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD, - - 2007
Bacteria exist as aggregates or in biofilms to help with adaptation and protection from environmental stresses. The hypothesis that is tested in this paper is that the relative presence of glucose in the media, at the beginning of the growth phase, influences the surface chemistry of the cell, which as ...
Singh Vivek P - - 2007
The prevailing paradigm is that cardiac ANG II is synthesized in the extracellular space from components of the circulating and/or local renin-angiotensin system. The recent discovery of intracrine effects of ANG II led us to determine whether ANG II is synthesized intracellularly in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVM). NRVM, incubated ...
Rosenberg Nahum - - 2007
An evaluation of human osteoblast metabolism usually involves measurements of the by-products of bone matrix elaboration. The assessment of glycolytic activity of osteoblasts is not a standard tool in most of the reports, but might be of value by providing a direct indicator of cellular metabolism. Measurement of the incorporation ...
Singh Rekha - - 2007
This study investigates whether angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors can block high glucose-induced increase of angiotensin II (Ang II) levels in cultured rat mesangial cells. Incubation of cells with high glucose for 5 days increased Ang II in the cell media (extracellular) and cell lysates (intracellular) by approximately 1.5-fold and ...
Dalm Marcella C F - - 2007
For the development of optimal perfusion processes, insight into the effect of feed and bleed rate on cell growth, productivity, and metabolism is essential. In the here presented study the effect of the feed and bleed rate on cell metabolism was investigated using metabolic flux analysis. Under all tested feed ...
Liu Z D - - 2007
AIMS: To study the physiology and metabolism of microbial cells in the performance of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). METHODS AND RESULTS: A dual-chamber MFCs was constructed, and Rhodoferax ferrireducens was used as biocatalyst. To examine the physiology of microbial cells in the performance of MFCs, the anode media containing planktonic ...
Williams Zakia R - - 2007
The neurotoxin 1-methy-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) is used for its' capacity to induce Parkinsonism through its inhibitory effects on mitochondrial complex I. This inhibition disrupts cellular energy formation and aerobic glycolysis. The objective of this study was to demonstrate that the toxic effect of mitochondrial aerobic pathway inhibition with MPP(+ )can be ...
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