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Results 501 - 550 of 1835
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Pan Guo-Yu - - 2003
The mechanism of action of berberine as an antihyperglycaemic agent was investigated in the Caco-2 cell line. Berberine was found to effectively inhibit the activity of disaccharidases in Caco-2 cells. It also decreased sucrase activity after preincubation with Caco-2 cells for 72 hours. However gluconeogenesis and glucose consumption of Caco-2 ...
Le Bacquer Olivier - - 2003
This study used polarized cell line Caco-2 as a model of human enterocytes to determine: 1) whether deprivation of nutrients on the apical (luminal) side of the epithelium (fasting) alters protein synthesis in enterocytes; 2) if so, whether glutamine can attenuate the effects of fasting; and 3) whether the effects ...
Chang You-Im - - 2003
The cell flocculation behavior of degrading pentachlorophenol (PCP) by using Sphingobium chlorophenolicum (Flavobacterium sp., ATCC 39723) is investigated in the present paper. It is found that these Sphingobium cells can efficiently degrade PCP when the concentration of this toxic compound is below 150 ppm. These degradation rates of PCP can ...
Villarino Andrea - - 2003
Cells that have lost the ability to grow in culture could be defined operationally as either alive or dead depending on the method used to determine cell viability. As a consequence, the interpretation of the state of 'nonculturable' cells is often ambiguous. Escherichia coli K12 cells inactivated by UV-irradiation with ...
Bird Stephen D - - 2003
This study compares the biocompatibility of two bicarbonate-based peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions using the measurement of intracellular free calcium (Ca(i)2+)) as a sensitive parameter of cell function in human peritoneal mesothelial cells (hPMC). Fura-2-loaded hPMC suspensions were exposed to bicarbonate (38 mmol/L) and bicarbonate (25 mmol/L), lactate-buffered PD (15 mmol/L) ...
Thomsson Elisabeth - - 2003
Seven different strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were tested for the ability to maintain their fermentative capacity during 24 h of carbon or nitrogen starvation. Starvation was imposed by transferring cells, exponentially growing in anaerobic batch cultures, to a defined growth medium lacking either a carbon or a nitrogen source. After ...
Peiter Edgar - - 2003
Symbiotic dinitrogen fixation of legume nodules is fuelled by phloem-imported carbohydrates. These have to pass several cell layers to reach cells infected with Rhizobium bacteroids. It is unclear whether apoplastic steps are involved in carbohyd-rate translocation within the nodule. Protoplasts were isolated from the infected and uninfected cells of the ...
Schwartz Gretchen N - - 2003
This report investigated in vivo turnover kinetics of marrow hematopoietic progenitors and precursors using a recently developed stable isotope-mass spectrometric technique (SIMST). Human subjects were administered a 2-day infusion of 6,6-[2H2]-glucose, a nontoxic stable isotope-labeled form of glucose, which becomes incorporated into DNA of all S-phase cells. The percent [2H2]-glucose ...
Boren Joan - - 2003
Stable isotope-based dynamic metabolic profiling is applied in this paper to elucidate the mechanism by which butyrate induces cell differentiation in HT29 cells. We utilized butyrate-sensitive (HT29) cells incubated with [1,2-13C2]glucose or [1,2-13C2]butyrate as single tracers to observe the changes in metabolic fluxes in these cells. In HT29 cells, increasing ...
Park Keun-Hong - - 2003
Poly [3-O-(4'-vinylbenzyl)-D-glucose] (PVG) is a polystyrene derivative that contains glucose moieties, which interact with glucose transporter (GLUT-1)-carrying HepG2 cells. To clarify the specific interaction between the PVG and HepG2 cells, PVG polymer labeled with fluorescent rhodamine-B isothiocyanate (RITC) was used to follow the specific interaction, which was visualized by confocal ...
Michaud S - - 2003
This paper presents a study about the influence of gas velocity on a methanogenic biofilm in an inverse turbulent bed reactor. Experimental results indicate a dynamic response of the growing attached biomass to the changes of hydrodynamic conditions, mainly attrition constraints. Short but intensive increases of gas velocity (U(g)) are ...
Rodríguez A - - 2003
In this paper the possible involvement of the mannose-receptor on the non-specific recognition and phagocytosis of heat killed yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) by gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) head-kidney leucocytes was established by studying the ability of different sugars to inhibit the uptake of the yeast cells by leucocytes. Leucocytes ...
Oehler Rudolf - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The amino acid glutamine plays a central role in nitrogen transport within the body and is a fuel for rapidly dividing cells, such as in the gut and the immune system. Plasma glutamine levels decline during critical illness, and therefore these cells suffer from glutamine starvation under ...
Miyano Naoyuki - - 2003
The effects of various disinfectants and hot water on planktonic cells and biofilm cells of Burkholderia cepacia were investigated. The survival rate of viable B. cepacia cells in suspension decreased to 0.001% or lower within 15 s of exposure to 0.5% benzalkonium chloride, within 30 s of exposure to 0.5% ...
Chattopadhyay Saurabh - - 2003
The rhizomes of the rare plant Podophyllum hexandrum contain podophyllotoxin, which is a precursor of the anticancer drugs etoposide and teniposide. Batch cultivation of Podophyllum hexandrum was conducted using optimized medium in a 3 L bioreactor, which resulted in biomass and podophyllotoxin concentrations of 21.4 g/L and 13.8 mg/L in ...
McNeill Karol - - 2003
Streptococcus mutans, a major etiological agent of dental caries, is a component of the dental plaque biofilm and functions during caries progression in acidic lesions that may be at or below pH 4. In this study, we were interested in determining the acid tolerance of 1-7-day chemostat-grown biofilm cells of ...
Steed, Keesha
ABSTRACT Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare are environmental opportunistic pathogens whose source for human infection is water and soil. M. avium and M. intracellulare cause pulmonary infections (tuberculosis) in immunocompetent individuals and bacteremia in immunodeficient individuals (e.g. AIDS). One factor likely influencing the lack of success of antibiotic therapy in ...
Higuita Juan-Carlos - - 2003
The regulatory role of UDP-glucose in glycogen biogenesis was investigated in fibroblasts containing a point mutation in the UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase gene and, consequently, chronically low UDP-glucose levels (Qc). Comparisons were made with cells having the intact gene and restored UDP-glucose levels (G3). Glycogen was always very low in Qc cells. ...
Yoshida Kumi - - 2003
Sepal color of hydrangea varies with the environmental conditions. Although chemical and biological studies on this color variation have a long history, little correct knowledge has been generated about color development. All colored sepals contain the same anthocyanin, delphinidin 3-glucoside. Thus, there must be some other system for developing the ...
D'Souza Vanessa M - - 2003
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of different cell culture media glucose concentrations on the functional activity of PepT-1 in Caco-2 cells. Uptake kinetics of Gly-Sar into Caco-2 cells that were maintained in iso-osmotic media containing 25 or 5.5 mM glucose were determined in the presence ...
Newsholme Philip - - 2003
Glucose is widely accepted as the primary nutrient for maintenance and promotion of cell function. However, we propose that the 5-carbon amino acids, glutamine and glutamate, should be considered to be equally important for maintenance and promotion of cell function. The functions of glutamine are many and include: substrate for ...
Gotloib Lazaro - - 2003
Fluids commonly used for peritoneal dialysis hold poor biocompatibility vis a vis the peritoneal membrane, basically due to the presence of osmotic agents. When rat mesothelium was exposed to glucose-enriched dialysis solutions for 2 h in vivo, an early and short-lived acceleration of cell life cycle was observed, which, after ...
Prabhu Y - - 2003
Pseudomonas sp. strain PP2 isolated in our laboratory efficiently metabolizes phenanthrene at 0.3% concentration as the sole source of carbon and energy. The metabolic pathways for the degradation of phenanthrene, benzoate and p-hydroxybenzoate were elucidated by identifying metabolites, biotransformation studies, oxygen uptake by whole cells on probable metabolic intermediates, and ...
Calabrese Alessandra - - 2003
Cx36 is the predominant connexin isoform expressed by pancreatic beta-cells. However, little is known about the role of this protein in the functioning of insulin-secreting cells. To address this question, we searched for a cell line expressing Cx36 and having glucose-induced insulin secretion comparable to that of primary beta-cells. By ...
Perrin A - - 2003
The metabolism of [1-13C] glucose was followed in C6 rat glioma cells immobilized on a gel thread and in perchloric extracts of the same cells in culture. The results showed that the main metabolite of [1-13C] glucose is [3-13C] lactate. The effects of hypoxia were followed in the perchloric acid ...
Chen Chien-Teh - - 2003
Plants adjust their sink-organ growth rates, development and distribution of dry matter in response to whole-plant photosynthate status. To advance understanding of these processes, potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plants were subjected to CO(2) and light flux treatments, and early tuber growth was assessed. Atmospheric CO(2) (700 or 350 micro mol ...
van Weelden Susanne W H - - 2003
The importance of a functional Krebs cycle for energy generation in the procyclic stage of Trypanosoma brucei was investigated under physiological conditions during logarithmic phase growth of a pleomorphic parasite strain. Wild type procyclic cells and mutants with targeted deletion of the gene coding for aconitase were derived by synchronous ...
Griffin J L - - 2003
High resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) 1H NMR spectroscopy was used to metabolically characterise Ishikawa cells, a human cell line derived from endometrial adenocarcinoma. The spectra obtained had well-resolved resonances from the nucleotide derivatives of uridine and adenosine. Using a combination of diffusion- and relaxation-weighted spectroscopy, the cellular environment of ...
Keane Julian T - - 2003
A flow chamber was used to impart a steady laminar shear stress on a recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line expressing human growth hormone (hGH). The cells were subjected to shear stress ranging from 0.005 to 0.80 N m(-2). The effect of shear stress on the cell specific glucose ...
Oliveira Edna M M - - 2003
The role of Gln3p, Nil1p, Dal80p and Ure2p in the nitrogen regulation of ASP3, which codes for the periplasmic Saccharomyces cerevisiae asparaginase II, was investigated. Analysis of enzyme levels and mRNA(ASP3) in two wild-type strains and gln3, nil1, gln3nil1, gln3ure2, nil1ure2, nil1dal80, ure2, dal80 and ure2dal80 mutant cells allowed the ...
Dean P. Whittier
The spores of Diphasiastrum sitchense germinate in the dark on a nutrient medium containing inorganic nutrients and glucose. Dark-grown prothalli develop into white, carrot-shaped gametophytes with a tapering base, constricted neck, and gametangial cap. The antheridia are large and sunken, and the archegonia have long necks with numerous neck canal ...
D'Souza Vanessa M - - 2003
Caco-2 cell permeability was evaluated in isotonic media containing high (25 mM) or physiological (5.5 mM) glucose concentrations. Transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and membrane fluidity were measured to assess glucose-induced alterations in physical barrier properties. In parallel, distribution of the actin filament (F-actin) and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) proteins was assessed ...
Harano Kiwamu - - 2003
When cyanobacterium cells are grown under extremely low CO(2) concentration, the number of carboxysomes, structures containing ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco; EC 4.1.1.39), is known to increase. This suggests that Rubisco helps to regulate photosynthesis in cyanobacteria. However, no studies have been done on the changes of Rubisco content and activity in ...
Soares E V - - 2003
AIMS: To study the effect of different starvation conditions on the flocculation of an ale brewing yeast of Saccharomyces cerevisiae NCYC 1195. METHODS AND RESULTS: Flocculation was assessed by a micro-flocculation technique (Soares and Mota 1997). Carbon-starved cells of a NewFlo phenotype strain did not lose flocculation during a 48 ...
Elias Cynthia B - - 2003
Metabolic engineering has been defined as a directed improvement of product formation or cellular properties by modification of specific biochemical pathways or introduction of new enzymatic reactions by recombinant DNA technology. The use of metabolic flux analysis (MFA) has helped in the understanding of the key limitation in the metabolic ...
Wang Song Yan - - 2003
K cells are a subpopulation of enteroendocrine cells that secrete glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), a hormone that promotes glucose homeostasis and obesity. Therefore, it is important to understand how GIP secretion is regulated. GIP-producing (GIP/Ins) cell lines secreted hormones in response to many GIP secretagogues except glucose. In contrast, glyceraldehyde ...
Santamaria Patricia G - - 2003
We report the functional characterization of RPN6, an essential gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae encoding the proteasomal subunit Rpn6p. For this purpose, conditional mutants that are able to grow on galactose but not on glucose were obtained. When these mutants are shifted to glucose, Rpn6p depletion induces several specific phenotypes. First, ...
Wehrli Suzanne L - - 2002
In order to assess the pathways by which galactose is metabolized by galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) deficient cells, lymphoblasts from 10 galactosemic patients with defined genotypes (six Q188R homozygotes, two S153L homozygotes, and two with homozygous deletions) were incubated with 1mM 1- or 2-13C galactose for 2.5 and 5 h. The ...
Kucerová Dana - - 2002
The high level of alkaline phosphatase activity in HT29 cells induced after 2 or 5 days of butyrate treatment was decreased during their prolonged exposure (about 30 days) to this agent together with a decrease of sensitivity to apoptosis. However, an enormous additive effect on alkaline phosphatase activity was found ...
Roca C - - 2003
The influence of cell recycling of xylose-fermenting Saccharomyces cerevisiae TMB3001 was investigated during continuous cultivation on a xylose-glucose mixture. By using cell recycling at the dilution rate ( D) of 0.05 h(-1), the cell-mass concentration could be increased from 2.2 g l(-1) to 22 g l(-1). Consequently, the volumetric ethanol ...
Ramage Gordon - - 2002
Farnesol is a quorum-sensing molecule that inhibits filamentation in Candida albicans. Both filamentation and quorum sensing are deemed to be important factors in C. albicans biofilm development. Here we examined the effect of farnesol on C. albicans biofilm formation. C. albicans adherent cell populations (after 0, 1, 2, and 4 ...
Bachmann Stefano P - - 2002
Most manifestations of candidiasis are associated with biofilm formation on biological or inanimate surfaces. Candida albicans biofilms are recalcitrant to treatment with conventional antifungal therapies. Here we report on the activity of caspofungin, a new semisynthetic echinocandin, against C. albicans biofilms. Caspofungin displayed potent in vitro activity against sessile C. ...
Stopforth J D - - 2002
The antimicrobial effects of sodium hypochlorite (SH, 200 ppm, at an adjusted pH of 6.80 +/- 0.20 and at an unadjusted pH of 10.35 +/- 0.25), quaternary ammonium compound (pH 10.20 +/- 0.12, 200 ppm), and peroxyacetic acid (PAA, pH 3.45 +/- 0.20, 150 ppm) on previously acid-adapted or nonadapted ...
Kim Min Ji - - 2002
A glucose-inducible gene in S. pombe is rrg1+. Its mRNA level is rapidly decreased and increased by glucose-depletion and readdition, respectively. The previous study revealed that the rrg1+ expression was regulated by glucose-dependent mRNA stability control. To understand the significance of the glucose-dependent expression of rrg1+, the cellular function of ...
Hutchinson Mark R - - 2002
Diacetylmorphine deacetylates rapidly to 6-monoacetylmorphine and then to morphine. The immunomodulatory effects of diacetylmorphine are under investigation by several groups utilising various methods including in vitro cell culture; however, diacetylmorphine stability under these conditions is unknown. The aim of this study was to quantify diacetylmorphine degradation under cell culture conditions ...
Srinivasan Shanthi - - 2002
The concentration of glucose in plasma is an important determinant of pancreatic beta-cell mass, whereas the relative contributions of hypertrophy, proliferation, and cell survival to this process are unclear. Glucose results in depolarization and subsequent calcium influx into islet beta-cells. Because depolarization and calcium (Ca(2+)) influx promote survival of neuronal ...
Gonin-Giraud S - - 2002
IL-3 regulates the glycolytic pathway. In Baf-3 cells IL-3 starvation leads to a decrease in glucose uptake and in lactate production. To determine if there is a link between the decreased metabolism induced by growth factor-starvation and the induction of cell death, we have compared the cell death characteristics and ...
Schulz Craig M - - 2002
This paper describes a microquantitative method for glucose determination in situ of living cells in real-time. In this novel technique adherent cells are cultured onto microcarrier beads and packed into a renewable microcolumn within a microsequential injection lab-on-valve system (microSI-LOV). Glucose sensing is performed through the use of a two-step, ...
Penso Julia - - 2002
Glycolysis is known to be the primary energy source in most cancer cells. We investigated here the effect of clotrimazole (1-(alpha-2-chlorotrityl)imidazole), the antifungal azole derivative, which was recently recognized as calmodulin antagonist, on the levels of glucose 1,6-bisphosphate and fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, the two stimulatory signal molecules of glycolysis, and on ...
Cullen Paul J - - 2002
In haploid strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, glucose depletion causes invasive growth, a foraging response that requires a change in budding pattern from axial to unipolar-distal. To begin to address how glucose influences budding pattern in the haploid cell, we examined the roles of bud-site-selection proteins in invasive growth. We found ...
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