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Results 201 - 250 of 2155
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Ren Tian-Nian - - 2011
SET and MYND domain-containing protein 3 (SMYD3) is a histone methyltransferase that plays an important role in transcriptional regulation in human carcinogenesis. It can specifically methylate histone H3 at lysine 4 and activate the transcription of a set of downstream genes, including several oncogenes (e.g., N-myc, CrkL, Wnt10b, RIZ and ...
Pitaval Amandine - - 2010
In most lineages, cell cycle exit is correlated with the growth of a primary cilium. We analyzed cell cycle exit and ciliogenesis in human retinal cells and found that, contrary to the classical view, not all cells exiting the cell division cycle generate a primary cilium. Using adhesive micropatterns to ...
Uribe Rosa A RA Section of Molecular Cell and Developmental Biology, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78722, - - 2010
Inhibitor of differentiation (Id) family helix-loop-helix proteins regulate the proliferation, survival and differentiation of numerous cell types during development; however, their functions during retinal development have not been analyzed. Using loss-of-function and overexpression assays in zebrafish, we demonstrate that Id2a levels modulate retinoblast cell cycle kinetics and thereby influence neuron ...
Koledova Zuzana - - 2010
Embryonic stem cells seem to have the intriguing capacity to divide indefinitely while retaining their pluripotency. This self-renewal is accomplished by specialized mechanisms of cell-cycle control. In the last few years, several studies have provided evidence for a direct link between cell-cycle regulation and cell-fate decisions in stem cells. In ...
Lee Yong Joo - - 2010
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the accepted theory is that due to TCA cycle dysfunction, the Δcit1 mutant lacking the mitochondrial enzyme citrate synthase (Cit1) cannot grow on acetate, regardless of the presence of the peroxisomal isoenzyme (Cit2). In this study, we re-evaluated the roles of Cit1 and Cit2 in acetate utilization ...
Bucerius Ferdinand - - 2011
Very little is known about cell cycle-dependent regulation of mRNA in Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of African sleeping sickness. Methods to synchronize cell cycle progression are inefficient or subject the parasites to non-physiological conditions and stress. We developed a fluorescence-activated cell sorting-based method to analyze steady-state mRNA levels in ...
Novák Béla - - 2010
Alternation of chromosome replication and segregation is essential for successful completion of the cell cycle and it requires an oscillation of Cdk1 (cyclin-dependent kinase 1)-CycB (cyclin B) activity. In the present review, we illustrate the essential features of checkpoint controlled and uncontrolled cell-cycle oscillations by using mechanical metaphors. Despite variations ...
Choresca Ch Ch - - 2010
Several studies have previously been conducted regarding cell cycle synchronization in mammalian somatic cells. However, limited work has been performed on the control of cell cycle stages in the somatic cells of fish. The aim of this study was to determine the cell cycle arresting effects of several dimethyl sulfoxide ...
Qiao Xinxian - - 2010
Anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a multifunctional ubiquitin-protein ligase that targets various substrates for proteolysis inside and outside of the cell cycle. The activation of APC/C is dependent on two WD-40 domain proteins, Cdc20 and Cdh1. While APC/Cdc20 principally regulates mitotic progression, APC/Cdh1 shows a broad spectrum of substrates in and ...
Olson Bradley J S C BJ Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2010
We examined the cell cycle dynamics of the retinoblastoma (RB) protein complex in the unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii that has single homologs for each subunit-RB, E2F, and DP. We found that Chlamydomonas RB (encoded by MAT3) is a cell cycle-regulated phosphoprotein, that E2F1-DP1 can bind to a consensus E2F site, ...
Moore Nathan - - 2011
Long-lived cancer stem cells (CSCs) with indefinite proliferative potential have been identified in multiple epithelial cancer types. These cells are likely derived from transformed adult stem cells and are thought to share many characteristics with their parental population, including a quiescent slow-cycling phenotype. Various label-retaining techniques have been used to ...
Oikonomou Catherine C The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, - - 2010
The cell cycle oscillator, based on a core negative feedback loop and modified extensively by positive feedback, cycles with a frequency that is regulated by environmental and developmental programs to encompass a wide range of cell cycle times. We discuss how positive feedback allows frequency tuning, how size and morphogenetic ...
de Oliveira Eduardo Fontana - - 2010
The biological activity of the proline-rich decapeptide Bj-PRO-10c, a processing product of the C-type natriuretic peptide precursor protein, expressed in the brain and the venom gland of the pit viper Bothrops jararaca, was originally attributed to the inhibition of the somatic angiotensin-converting enzyme activity with subsequent anti-hypertensive effect. However, recent ...
Dodgson James - - 2010
The organization and control of polarized growth through the cell cycle of Schizosaccharomyces pombe, a single-celled eukaryote, have been studied extensively. We have investigated the changes in these processes when S. pombe differentiates to form multicellular invasive mycelia and have found striking alterations to the behavior of some of the ...
Izumi Hiroto - - 2010
The cell cycle is strictly regulated by numerous mechanisms to ensure cell division. The transcriptional regulation of cell-cycle-related genes is poorly understood, with the exception of the E2F family that governs the cell cycle. Here, we show that a transcription factor, zinc finger protein 143 (ZNF143), positively regulates many cell-cycle-associated ...
Kaizu Kazunari - - 2010
With the accumulation of data on complex molecular machineries coordinating cell-cycle dynamics, coupled with its central function in disease patho-physiologies, it is becoming increasingly important to collate the disparate knowledge sources into a comprehensive molecular network amenable to systems-level analyses. In this work, we present a comprehensive map of the ...
Bou Kheir Tony - - 2010
Progression of the mammalian cell cycle depends on correct timing and co-ordination of a series of events, which are managed by the cellular transcriptional machinery and epigenetic mechanisms governing genome accessibility. Epigenetic chromatin modifications are dynamic across the cell cycle, and are shown to influence and be influenced by cell-cycle ...
Morikawa Hanako - - 2010
Cycle inhibiting factor (Cif) is one of the effectors delivered into epithelial cells by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) via the type III secretion system (TTSS). Cif family proteins, which inhibit host cell-cycle progression via mechanisms not yet precisely understood, are highly conserved among EPEC, EHEC, ...
Kim Kang Ho - - 2010
Liver X receptor (LXR), a sterol-activated nuclear hormone receptor, has been implicated in cholesterol and fatty acid homeostasis via regulation of reverse cholesterol transport and de novo fatty acid synthesis. LXR is also involved in immune responses, including anti-inflammatory action and T cell proliferation. In this study, we demonstrated that ...
Nair Dhanalakshmi R - - 2010
Synthesis and accumulation of conserved cell cycle regulators such as cyclins are thought to promote G₁/S and G₂/M transitions in most eukaryotes. When cells at different stages of the cell cycle are fused to form heterokaryons, the shared complement of regulators in the cytoplasm induces the nuclei to become synchronized. ...
Rivera Teresa - - 2010
In this issue of Molecular Cell, Beckouët et al. (2010) and Borges et al. (2010) identify the enzyme responsible for cohesin deacetylation in anaphase and show that de novo acetylation is required for cohesion establishment in the next cell cycle.
Riou Philippe P Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, King's College London, London, - - 2010
Rnd3/RhoE has two distinct functions, regulating the actin cytoskeleton and cell proliferation. This might explain why its expression is often altered in cancer and by multiple stimuli during development and disease. Rnd3 together with its relatives Rnd1 and Rnd2 are atypical members of the Rho GTPase family in that they ...
Heinlein Christina - - 2010
Cell cycle alterations are fundamental to many physiological processes but their detection has proven difficult when cells are in the context of a tissue structure. Here we describe an easy, rapid and optimization-free procedure for obtaining high resolution cell cycle profiles from nearly all tissue types derived from mouse, human ...
Heinlein Christina - - 2010
Cell cycle alterations are fundamental to many physiological processes but their detection has proven difficult when cells are in the context of a tissue structure. Here we describe an easy, rapid and optimization-free procedure for obtaining high resolution cell cycle profiles from nearly all tissue types derived from mouse, human ...
Khapre Rohini V RV Department of Biological, Geological, and Environmental Sciences and Center for Gene Regulation in Health and Diseases, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44143, - - 2010
The circadian clock generates oscillations in physiology and behavior, known as circadian rhythms. Links between the circadian clock genes Periods, Bmal1, and Cryptochromes and aging and cancer are emerging. Circadian clock gene expression is changed in human pathologies, and transgenic mice with mutations in clock genes develop cancer and premature ...
Terada Koji - - 2010
Precisely controlled progenitor proliferation is essential for normal development. However, molecular mechanisms, which control the correct timing of cell cycle withdrawal during development, have been poorly understood. We show here that ubc9, a sumo-conjugating enzyme, controls the cell cycle exit of retinal progenitors. We found that ubc9 is highly expressed ...
Frank Christopher L - - 2010
Organogenesis is a highly integrated process with a fundamental requirement for precise cell cycle control. Mechanistically, the cell cycle is composed of transitions and thresholds that are controlled by coordinated post-translational modifications. In this study, we describe a novel mechanism controlling the persistence of the transcription factor ATF4 by multisite ...
Iovannisci David M DM Center for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development, Children's Hospital and Research Center Oakland, Oakland, California 94609, USA. - - 2010
Leishmania parasites, which afflict 12 million people in 88 countries, exist as promastigotes transmitted by insect vectors and as amastigotes residing in mammalian macrophages. Promastigote cells arranged in rosettes have also been described but universally disregarded as a distinct stage in the life cycle. We present evidence that only rosettes ...
Schwarze F - - 2010
The retinoblastoma protein (pRb) and the pRb-related proteins, p130 and p107, form the 'pocket protein' family of cell cycle regulatory factors. A well characterized function of these proteins is the cell cycle-dependent regulation of E2F-responsive genes. The biological activity of pocket proteins is regulated by phosphorylation and for the founding ...
Matthews Quinn - - 2010
In this work we investigate the capability of Raman microscopy (RM) to detect inherent sources of biochemically based spectral variability between single cells of a human tumor cell line (DU145) cultured in vitro. Principal component analysis (PCA) is used to identify differences in single-cell Raman spectra. These spectral differences correlate ...
Heimel Kai - - 2010
Regulation of the cell cycle and morphogenetic switching during pathogenic and sexual development in Ustilago maydis is orchestrated by a concerted action of the a and b mating-type loci. Activation of either mating-type locus triggers the G2 cell cycle arrest that is a prerequisite for the formation of the infectious ...
Hicks Steven D SD Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, State University of New York - Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, - - 2010
Ethanol inhibits the proliferation of neural precursors by altering mitogenic and anti-mitogenic growth factor signaling and can affect global methylation activity in the fetus. We tested the hypothesis that epigenetic modification of specific cell cycle genes underlies the ethanol-induced inhibition of growth factor-regulated cell cycle progression. Monolayer cultures of neural ...
Goranov Alexi I AI David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E17-233, 40 Ames Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2010
Maintaining cell size homeostasis and regulating cell size in response to changing conditions is a fundamental property of organisms. Here we examine the recent advances in our understanding of the interplay between accumulation of mass (growth) and the progression through the cell cycle (proliferation), the coordination of which determines the ...
Tang Kuo-Hsiang - - 2010
The anoxygenic green sulfur bacteria (GSBs) assimilate CO(2) autotrophically through the reductive (reverse) tricarboxylic acid (RTCA) cycle. Some organic carbon sources, such as acetate and pyruvate, can be assimilated during the phototrophic growth of the GSBs, in the presence of CO(2) or HCO(3)(-). It has not been established why the ...
Li Chunyan - - 2011
Aberrant activations of Wnt and Notch signaling pathways are individually reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the data about the cross talk between the two signaling pathways are still limited. To elucidate potential Wnt/Notch cross talk within NSCLC, we examined the impact of ...
Bothwell John H - - 2010
• The filamentous brown alga Ectocarpus has a complex life cycle, involving alternation between independent and morphologically distinct sporophyte and gametophyte generations. In addition to this basic haploid-diploid life cycle, gametes can germinate parthenogenetically to produce parthenosporophytes. This article addresses the question of how parthenosporophytes, which are derived from a ...
Zhou Zhangle - - 2010
NSD3/WHSC1L1 histone methyltransferase gene aberrations are observed in leukemia and in breast and lung carcinomas, suggesting that NSD3 is implicated in carcinogenesis. In this study we examined in human breast cancer cells the NSD3L isoform which contains the catalytic histone methyltransferase SET-domain. siRNA directed depletion of NSD3L followed by genome-wide ...
Bárta Tomás - - 2010
Embryonic stem cells progress very rapidly through the cell cycle, allowing limited time for cell cycle regulatory circuits that typically function in somatic cells. Mechanisms that inhibit cell cycle progression upon DNA damage are of particular importance, as their malfunction may contribute to the genetic instability observed in human embryonic ...
Nepomnyashchikh L M - - 2010
Characteristics and regularities of structural reorganization of the liver in experimental cyclophosphamide hepatopathy were studied. Single injection of the drug caused pronounced morphofunctional changes in the liver (small focal hepatocyte necroses mainly in the periportal zone, mononuclear cell infiltration developing in the presence of circulatory disorders). The key event in ...
Sauvageau Dominic - - 2010
Self-cycling fermentation (SCF) was developed as a method to continuously produce synchronized microbial populations at high cell densities. The present study demonstrates the application of this process to populations of Escherichia coli, making use of a simpler and non-intrusive approach to the control strategy. The carbon dioxide evolution rate (CER) ...
Wilting Roel H - - 2010
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) counterbalance acetylation of lysine residues, a protein modification involved in numerous biological processes. Here, Hdac1 and Hdac2 conditional knock-out alleles were used to study the function of class I Hdac1 and Hdac2 in cell cycle progression and haematopoietic differentiation. Combined deletion of Hdac1 and Hdac2, or inactivation ...
Joshi Sanket - - 2010
The endocytic protein dynamin II (dynII) participates in cell cycle progression and has roles in centrosome cohesion and cytokinesis. We have described a series of small-molecule inhibitors of dynamin [myristyl trimethyl ammonium bromides (MiTMAB)] that competitively interfere with the ability of dynamin to bind phospholipids and prevent receptor-mediated endocytosis. We ...
Kawai Shinji - - 2010
Cell proliferation is a biological process in which chromosomes replicate in one cell and equally divide into two daughter cells. Our previous findings suggested that Odd-skipped related 2 (Osr2) plays an important role in cellular quiescence and proliferation under epigenetic regulation. However, the mechanism used by Osr2 to establish and ...
Ding Xia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with glioblastoma multiforme, the most aggressive form of glioma, have a median survival of approximately 12 months. Calcium (Ca(2+)) signaling plays an important role in cell proliferation, and some members of the Ca(2+)-permeable transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) family of channel proteins have demonstrated a role in the ...
Bonelli P - - 2011
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs possess antiproliferative activities that can affect cancer cells. The aim of this study was to examine the antiproliferative effects of ibuprofen on the MKN-45 cell line. Cells were treated with ibuprofen for 24, 48 or 72 h, and cell proliferation was evaluated by cell counting and [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation. ...
Buttitta Laura A LA Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA. - - 2010
Terminally differentiated cells in Drosophila melanogaster wings and eyes are largely resistant to proliferation upon deregulation of either E2F or cyclin E (CycE), but exogenous expression of both factors together can bypass cell cycle exit. In this study, we show this is the result of cooperation of cell cycle control ...
Canela-Xandri Oriol - - 2010
Herein we report on the effects that different stochastic contributions induce in bacterial colonies in terms of protein concentration and production. In particular, we consider for what we believe to be the first time cell-to-cell diversity due to the unavoidable randomness of the cell-cycle duration and its interplay with other ...
Visalli Giuseppa - - 2010
The HIV-induced demise of CD4-T cells is thought to be a result of the execution of genetically programmed cell death that occurs in lymphoid tissue, where many resident T cells are chronically hyperactivated. Since HIV-induced alterations of cell cycle control has been often indicated as prominent mechanism of immune hyper ...
Chen Zhiwei - - 2010
Phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) is the major enzyme in the Phosphatidylcholine (PC) cycle and is involved in many long-term cellular responses such as activation, proliferation, and differentiation events. Cell division cycle 20 homolog (Cdc20) is an essential cell-cycle regulator required for the completion of mitosis. Our previous studies identified the ...
Love Kerry Routenberg - - 2010
The production of heterologous proteins by secretion from cellular hosts is an important determinant for the cost of biotherapeutics. A single-cell analytical method called microengraving was used to examine the heterogeneity in secretion by the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. We show that constitutive secretion of a human Fc fragment by ...
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