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Picard Nicolas - - 2011
The goal of this study was to assess the interaction of the mTOR inhibitors (ImTORs) sirolimus and everolimus with the human organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) expressed in hepatocytes and enterocytes by conducting uptake experiments using (i) transfected HEK293T cells, (ii) the hepatocyte-like HepaRG cell line and (iii) the enterocyte-like Caco-2 ...
Yang Quan-hui - - 2011
Hepatocytes emerge from a quiescent state into a proliferative state to recover from septic injury. We hypothesize that hepatocyte cell cycle regulation after sepsis potentially contributes to the recovery of liver function. An animal model of sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in rats. At serial time ...
Khare Reeti - - 2011
As much as 90% of an intravenously (i.v.) injected dose of adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) is absorbed and destroyed by liver Kupffer cells. Viruses that escape these cells can then transduce hepatocytes after binding factor X (FX). Given that interactions with FX and Kupffer cells are thought to occur on ...
Brimo Fadi - - 2011
The histogenesis of clear cell adenocarcinoma of the bladder/urethra is uncertain. Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1β is a homeodomain protein that has been reported to be frequently overexpressed in ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma in comparison with rare or no expression in other types of epithelial ovarian tumors. We assessed the expression of ...
Sunagozaka Hajime - - 2011
The identification of genes involved in tumor growth is crucial for the development of inventive anticancer treatments. Here, we have cloned a 17-kDa secretory protein encoded by c19orf10 from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) serial analysis of gene expression libraries. Gene expression analysis indicated that c19orf10 was overexpressed in approximately two-thirds of ...
Nussler Andreas K - - 2011
Although significant progress has been made in the field of orthotopic liver transplantation, cell-based therapies seem to be a promising alternative to whole-organ transplantation. The reasons are manifold but organ shortage is the main cause for this approach. However, many problems such as the question which cell type should be ...
Shamis Yulia - - 2011
In light of the increasing need for differentiated primary cells for cell therapy and the rapid de-differentiation occurring during standard in vitro cultivation techniques, there is an urgent need for developing 3-dimensional in vitro systems where expanded cells display in vivo-like differentiated phenotypes. It is becoming clear that the natural ...
Ji Shaohui - - 2011
The origin of the myofibroblast, the primary effector cell of liver fibrosis, is still elusive. Here, we report that fluorescence-activated cell sorting purified E-cad + rhesus monkey liver epithelial progenitor cells (mLEPCs) may serve as a potential source for liver myofibroblasts. Adult mLEPCs colonies were cultured in medium containing 2 ng/ml transforming growth ...
De Minicis Samuele - - 2011
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis includes a wide spectrum of liver injury, ranging from simple inflammation to fibrosis and cirrhosis. Whereas simple steatosis has a benign clinical course, steatohepatitis is a recognized cause of progressive liver fibrosis and can develop, in some circumstances, into cirrhosis. The main cause of fibrogenesis is represented by ...
Alison Malcolm R - - 2011
The liver and exocrine pancreas share a common structure, with functioning units (hepatic plates and pancreatic acini) connected to the ductal tree. Here we show that Sox9 is expressed throughout the biliary and pancreatic ductal epithelia, which are connected to the intestinal stem-cell zone. Cre-based lineage tracing showed that adult ...
Schrader Jörg J Medical Research Council (MRC) Centre for Inflammation Research, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom; Department of Medicine I, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2011
There is increasing evidence that the physical environment is a critical mediator of tumor behavior. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops within an altered biomechanical environment, and increasing matrix stiffness is a strong predictor of HCC development. The aim of this study was to establish whether changes in matrix stiffness, which are ...
Lee Mina - - 2011
Suppression of hepatic stellate cell (HSC) growth and activation have been proposed as therapeutic strategies for the treatment and prevention of liver fibrosis. In the course of screening antifibrotic activity of natural products, the methanolic extract of Alnus firma barks (Betulaceae) showed inhibitory activity of cell proliferation on HSC-T6 cells. ...
Moon Woo Sung - - 2011
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cytokeratin-positive primitive hepatocytes or hepatic progenitor cells have been described in the fetal ductal plate, as well as in the adult canals of Hering. We examined the fate of ductal plate cells in the hilar region of the liver. METHODS: Using liver sections from 10 fetuses and 15 elderly ...
Fraczek Joanna Edyta - - 2012
Both, DNA methylation and histone deacetylation play a crucial role in cancer development by silencing the expression of specific tumour suppressor genes. Several studies describe the use of combinations of DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMT-i) and histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDAC-i) as an improved strategy to treat neoplasms. However, no information is ...
Lee Sung-Jin - - 2011
Aged or damaged RBCs are effectively removed from the blood circulation by Kupffer cells in the liver, but little is known regarding the mechanism of the clearance process. Here we show that stabilin-1 and stabilin-2 in hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSECs) are critical in effectively clearing damaged RBCs in mouse ...
Khimji Al-karim AK Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2011
Liver wound healing is a coordinated response to injury caused by infections (hepatitis) or toxins (alcohol) or other processes where activation of hepatic stellate cells are a central component. During stellate cell activation, a major phenotypic transformation occurs which leads to increased production of increased extracellular matrix proteins and smooth ...
Barhoumi Rola R Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4458, USA. - - 2011
Dynamic analysis of the uptake and metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their metabolites within live cells in real time has the potential to provide novel insights into genotoxic and non-genotoxic mechanisms of cellular injury caused by PAHs. The present work, combining the use of metabolite spectra generated from ...
Andrade Cláudia M B - - 2011
Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (eNT/CD73, E.C.3.1.3.5) is a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked cell-surface protein with several functions, including the local generation of adenosine from AMP, with the consequent activation of adenosine receptors and the salvaging of extracellular nucleotides. It also apparently functions independently of this activity, e.g., in the mediation of cell-cell adhesion. Liver ...
Liu Yi-Hsiang - - 2011
Plectin is a cross-linking protein that organizes the cytoskeleton into a stable meshwork that helps maintain the uniform size and shape of cells. As cells of hepatocellular carcinoma are morphologically different from healthy human hepatocytes, we hypothesized that plectin deficiency and cytoskeletal disorganization underlies this pleomorphic transformation. To test this ...
Fujimoto Takahiro - - 2011
Three inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP(3)R) subtypes are differentially expressed among tissues and function as the Ca(2+) release channel on specialized endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membranes. The proper subcellular localization of IP(3)R is crucial for its proper function, but this molecular mechanism is unclear. KRAS-induced actin-interacting protein (KRAP) was originally identified as a ...
Pritchard Michele T - - 2011
Cell-cycle induction in hepatocytes protects from prolonged tissue damage after toxic liver injury. Early growth response (Egr)-1(-/-) mice exhibit increased liver injury after carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) exposure and reduced TNF-α production. Because TNF-α is required for prompt cell-cycle induction after liver injury, here, we tested the hypothesis that Egr-1 is ...
Massie Isobel - - 2011
Introduction: Acute liver failure has high mortality due to donor organ shortages. A bioartificial liver could "bridge the gap" to transplant or spontaneous recovery. Alginate encapsulation of HepG2 cells enables cell spheroid formation providing sufficient functional biomass. Cryopreservation of these spheroids would allow an off-the-shelf capability for unpredictable emergency use. ...
Dai Jing - - 2011
Hypothermic preservation of bioartificial liver (BAL) has long been appreciated in BAL storage and transportation. However, the deterioration of cell activity during hypothermia/rewarming limits its clinical use and the complete prevention of hypothermia-induced hepatocyte injury has not been achieved. In this paper, a miniaturized BAL that underwent three preservation stages ...
Okabe Kyoko - - 2011
Aberrant expressions of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor genes have been reported in tumor cells. Here, we measured the expression levels of the Lpa5 gene and its DNA methylation status in rat tumor cells, and investigated cell growth effects of LPA in Lpa5 expressed cells. Real-time reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction ...
Chang Yung-Sheng - - 2011
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is essential for lipid biosynthesis, and stress signals in this organelle are thought to alter lipid metabolism. Elucidating the mechanisms that underlie the dysregulation of lipid metabolism in hepatocytes may lead to novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of lipid accumulation. We first tested the effects ...
Dey Neelendu - - 2011
Natural killer T cells with invariant αβ-TCRs (iNKT cells) constitute a lipid-responsive arm of the innate immune system that has been implicated in the regulation or promotion of various immune, infectious, and neoplastic processes. Contact sensitivity (CS), also known as contact hypersensitivity or allergic contact dermatitis, is one such immune ...
Zen Yoh - - 2011
Zen Y, Quaglia A & Portmann B (2011) Histopathology Immunoglobulin G4-positive plasma cell infiltration in explanted livers for primary sclerosing cholangitis Aims:  To explore whether immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) contributes to end-stage primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) in the United Kingdom. Methods and results:  This study consisted of 41 patients ...
Wang Xiao-Dan - - 2011
(2S,4R)-methyl 1-acetyl-4-(N-(4-bromophenyl)sulfamoyloxy)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate (CIP-A5) is the N1-acetyl substituted pyrrolidine derivative which was designed against the structure of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2) and MMP-9. CIP-A5 has been considered as a candidate compound for treatment of liver cirrhosis. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of CIP-A5 on the activity of hepatic stellate cells. ...
Friedmann Andrea - - 2011
Cell-substrate interactions, which are an important issue in tissue engineering, are studied by using focused ion beam (FIB) milling and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigations. Sample cross-sections are generated on predefined positions (target preparation), to investigate the interdependency of growing cells with the substrate material. The experiments focus on two ...
Noguchi Yasushi - - 2011
Palmitate (PA) is known to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and apoptosis in liver cells, whereas concurrent treatment of oleate (OA) with PA predominately induces steatosis without ROS in liver cells. We previously reported that PA treatment induces the decoupling of glycolysis and tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) fluxes, ...
Ikeda Remina - - 2011
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: To clarify the molecular mechanism of polyenylphosphatidylcholine (PPC), we examined the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4) in human hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). MATERIAL: Using human LX-2 HSC cells, we examined the effects of PPC on expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) ...
McGill Mitchell R MR Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, - - 2011
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is the leading cause of acute liver failure in Western countries. In the last four decades much progress has been made in our understanding of APAP-induced liver injury through rodent studies. However, some differences exist in the time course of injury between rodents and humans. To study ...
Takata Akemi - - 2011
PURPOSE: Development of improved protocols for differentiating induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells into hepatic cells is an important step toward their use in the field of hepatology. Specifically, the number of different cytokines should be reduced to limit undesired effects and to reduce the cost of the process. In this ...
Brown Guy C - - 2011
It is often assumed that mitochondria are the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mammalian cells, but there is no convincing experimental evidence for this in the literature. What evidence there is suggests mitochondria are a significant source for ROS, which may have physiological and pathological effects. But ...
Bartalis Judit - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate cucurbitacins (Cucs) liver protective activity in vitro and conduct QSAR studies against lipophilicity and ab initio descriptors. Nine Cucs were isolated from Cucurbitaceae plants and eight prepared by C2-alkylation or C16-acylation. Ten Cucs demonstrated protective activity on human hepatocyte-derived HepG2 cells exposed ...
Xu Zhibin - - 2011
Although prohibitin 1 (PHB) is known to be associated with tumors, there are few studies regarding the role of PHB in hepatocellular carcinoma. An earlier glycoproteomics study of ours showed that PHB is over-expressed in MHCC97-H cells, a highly metastatic liver cancer cell line, and can be captured by wheat ...
Jiang Yuzhu Y Integrated Research Center for Genome Polymorphism and Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Socho-gu, Seoul, South - - 2011
To explore the expression pattern of E2F5 in primary hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and elucidate the roles of E2F5 in hepatocarcinogenesis. E2F5 expression was analyzed in 120 primary HCCs and 29 normal liver tissues by immunohistochemistry analysis. E2F5-small interfering RNA was transfected into HepG2, an E2F5-overexpressed HCC cell line. After E2F5 ...
Sancho Patricia - - 2011
Liver tumor cells show several molecular alterations which favor pro-survival signaling. Among those, we have proposed the NADPH oxidase NOX1 as a prosurvival signal for liver tumor cells. On the one side, we have described that FaO rat hepatoma cells show NOX1-dependent partial resistance to apoptosis induced by Transforming Growth ...
Warren Alessandra - - 2011
Poloxamer 407 (P407) is a non-ionic detergent that is used widely in pharmaceutical formulations and personal care products. In animals, P407 causes hyperlipidaemia. P407 is taken up by the liver and causes loss of fenestrations in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSEC), which contributes to the pathogenesis of hyperlipidaemia. Here the ...
Erlinger Serge - - 2011
The pathogenesis of chronic cholangiopathies, in particular primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis, is still obscure. A stimulating hypothesis is proposed by Beuers et al. They reason that, since cholangiocytes are exposed to high concentrations of hydrophobic bile salts that are toxic at μM concentrations, these cells had to ...
Townson Jason L - - 2011
Survival following diagnosis of liver metastasis remains poor and improved treatment strategies to combat liver metastases are needed. Synthetic triterpenoids, including 1-[2-cyano-3-,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)-dien-28-oyl]imidazole (CDDO-Imidazolide or CDDO-Im), have been shown to inhibit primary tumor growth and lung metastasis in experimental models. Oral administration of CDDO-Im results in relatively high liver concentrations, suggesting ...
Arous C - - 2011
A high-fat diet and obesity are associated with increased risk of liver cancer. Because increased delivery of NEFA to the liver occurs in these conditions, we investigated the involvement of the unsaturated fatty acid oleate in hepatocarcinoma cell proliferation using human-derived hepatocarcinoma cell lines as model systems. Western blotting, FACS ...
Powell Erin R - - 2011
Atrazine is one of the most commonly used herbicides in the United States. While effective on target plants, it has been associated with harmful health effects in non-target organisms such as fish, amphibians and mammals. In this study, growth effects on human liver cells were determined after exposure to increasing ...
Fussell Karma C KC Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, - - 2011
Diquat and paraquat are nonspecific defoliants that induce toxicity in many organs including the lung, liver, kidney, and brain. This toxicity is thought to be due to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). An important pathway leading to ROS production by these compounds is redox cycling. In this study, ...
Zolnik Banu - - 2011
This chapter describes a protocol for testing nanoparticle formulations for reactive oxygen species generation in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) primary hepatocytes. The protocol utilizes the fluorescent redox active probe, dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA). Primary hepatocytes were chosen for this assay since they have greater metabolic activity than hepatocyte cell lines. This method ...
Potter Timothy M - - 2011
This chapter describes method for evaluation of nanomaterial cytotoxicity by examining effects on porcine kidney (LLC-PK1) and human cancerous liver cells (Hep G2). Several studies indicate that many nanoparticles are cleared from the body through the kidney or liver, making these organs good choices for target organ toxicity evaluation. In ...
Al-Qubaisi Mothanna - - 2011
Liver cancer has become one of the major types of cancer with high mortality and liver cancer is not responsive to the current cytotoxic agents used in chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the in vitro cytotoxicity of goniothalamin on human hepatoblastoma HepG2 cells and normal liver ...
Tai Dar-In - - 2011
A sarcomatoid carcinoma cell line (SAR-HCV) was established from a malignant liver lesion of a patient infected with hepatitis C virus. SAR-HCV cells were successfully xenografted in SCID mice. Vimentin was strongly positive in cultured SAR-HCV cells, the primary tumour lesion and the xenografts. Hepatocyte paraffin 1 protein and certain ...
Kinoshita Nobukatsu - - 2011
Many investigations have demonstrated that cell injuries caused by generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a common mechanism of various hepatic disorders. Recently, we have demonstrated that epimorphin, originally cloned as a mesenchymal protein, protects cultured intestinal epithelial cells from ROS. We therefore examine whether epimorphin protects primary cultured ...
Salem Fakhry S - - 2011
Clinicopathological studies on the effects of combining immunostimulant drugs (levamisole) with anti-cancer drugs (chlorambucil) revealed the enhancement of the latter against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma-bearing mice and resulted in a reduction in the size of tumour. An evaluation of liver and kidney functions showed a significant increase of alanine transaminase (ALT), ...
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