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Koyama Fernanda C FC Departamento de Fisiologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2009
The regulation of the Plasmodium cell cycle is not understood. Although the Plasmodium falciparum genome is completely sequenced, about 60% of the predicted proteins share little or no sequence similarity with other eukaryotes. This feature impairs the identification of important proteins participating in the regulation of the cell cycle. There ...
Sangjun Sunisa - - 2009
In our present study, 12 new cis-stilbene derivatives (CRI-1-CRI-13) related to VIOXX((R)) were synthesized and studied for their inhibitory effects on cell cycle progression and anti-estrogenicity in human adenoma breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Based on the different substituents in the cis-stilbene molecule, we studied a possible structure activity relationship (SAR) ...
Kurat Christoph F - - 2009
Triacylglycerols (TGs) serve essential cellular functions as reservoirs for energy substrates (fatty acids) and membrane lipid precursors (diacylglycerols and fatty acids). Here we show that the major yeast TG lipase Tgl4, the functional ortholog of murine adipose TG lipase ATGL, is phosphorylated and activated by cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1/Cdc28). Phospho-Tgl4-catalyzed ...
Razidlo Gina L - - 2009
KSR1 (kinase suppressor of Ras 1) is a molecular scaffold and positive regulator of the Raf/MEK/ERK phosphorylation cascade. KSR1 is required for maximal ERK activation induced by growth factors and by some cytotoxic agents. We show here that KSR1 is also required for maximal ERK activation induced by UV light, ...
Chua, Gordon
Conditional cell cycle mutants which block cell division under restrictive conditions, increase their cell mass as a result of continued growth. Here, we develop a protocol to screen for large Paramecium temperature-sensitive cell cycle mutants by sizeselecting centrifugal elutriation. By using the ccl mutant as a standard for Paramecium temperature-sensitive ...
Fosbrink Matthew - - 2009
Proliferation of vascular endothelial cells (EC) and smooth muscle cells (SMC) is a critical event in angiogenesis and atherosclerosis. We previously showed that the C5b-9 assembly during complement activation induces cell cycle in human aortic EC (AEC) and SMC. C5b-9 can induce the expression of Response Gene to Complement (RGC)-32 ...
Lopes João P - - 2009
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is a serine-threonine kinase important for different cellular processes. Involved in tau protein hyperphosphorylation and apoptotic neuronal death, two main neuropathological markers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Prion-related encephalopathies (PRE), Cdk5 also participates in cell cycle regulation. However, the precise relationship between cell cycle reactivation and ...
De Falco Maria - - 2009
In the past, human heart has been considered a post-mitotic organ formed by cells, like adult cardiomyocytes, terminally differentiated and incapable of proliferation. This paradigm has been shaken by recent works indicating that postnatal adult cardiomyocytes are able to re-enter in the cell cycle and proliferate. In this view, the ...
Wang Yingmei - - 2009
In eukaryotic cells, control mechanisms have developed that restrain cell-cycle transitions in response to stress. These regulatory pathways are termed cell-cycle checkpoints. The G(2)/M checkpoint prevents cells from entering mitosis when DNA is damaged in order to afford these cells an opportunity to repair the damaged DNA before propagating genetic ...
Yu W F - - 2009
Chloride channel (ClC) is involved in normal physiological processes and pathology of various diseases. Although it is recognized that blockade of ClC inhibits the cell proliferation, it is not well understood the potential function of ClC in laryngeal cancer. In this study, we investigated the effect of the ClC inhibitor ...
Mizuno Hideaki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The cell cycle machinery interprets oncogenic signals and reflects the biology of cancers. To date, various methods for cell cycle phase estimation such as mitotic index, S phase fraction, and immunohistochemistry have provided valuable information on cancers (e.g. proliferation rate). However, those methods rely on one or few measurements ...
Bettencourt-Dias Mónica - - 2009
Genetic studies on model organisms, particularly yeasts and Drosophila melanogaster, have proven powerful in identifying the cell cycle machinery and its regulatory mechanisms. In more recent years RNAi has been used in a variety of genome-wide screens and single molecule studies to elucidate the mechanisms of cell cycle progression. In ...
Hong Bok Sil - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Various cancer cells, including those of colorectal cancer (CRC), release microvesicles (exosomes) into surrounding tissues and peripheral circulation. These microvesicles can mediate communication between cells and affect various tumor-related processes in their target cells. RESULTS: We present potential roles of CRC cell-derived microvesicles in tumor progression via a global ...
Goley E D - - 2009
The bacterial cell has less internal structure and genetic complexity than cells of eukaryotic organisms, yet it is a highly organized system that uses both temporal and spatial cues to drive its cell cycle. Key insights into bacterial regulatory programs that orchestrate cell cycle progression have come from studies of ...
Alm Kersti - - 2009
Cell-cycle progression is a one-way journey where the cell grows in size to be able to divide into two equally sized daughter cells. The cell cycle is divided into distinct consecutive phases defined as G(1) (first gap), S (synthesis), G(2) (second gap) and M (mitosis). A non-proliferating cell, which has ...
Chen Ting - - 2009
In this paper, we integrate transcriptional regulatory modelling with temporal correlation analysis between one Transcription Factor (TF) and its corresponding cell cycle-regulated targets to investigate Cell Cycle Regulators (CCRs) and combinatorial interactions among TFs across the cell cycle in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Our method is developed based on the rationale that ...
Latasa Maria Jesús - - 2009
A critical feature of vertebrate neural precursors is the to-and-fro displacement of their nuclei as cell cycle progresses, thus giving rise to a pseudostratified epithelium. This nuclear behavior, referred to as interkinetic nuclear migration (INM), is translated into the disposition of the cell somas at different orthogonal levels depending on ...
Liu Joey Z - - 2009
PPARgamma ligands have been shown to have antiproliferative effects on many cell types. We herein report that a synthetic dominant-negative (DN) PPARgamma mutant functions like a growth factor to promote cell cycle progression and cell proliferation in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (CASMCs). In quiescent CASMCs, adenovirus-expressed DN-PPARgamma promoted ...
Nascimento R - - 2009
The conserved murine gammaherpesvirus 68 ORF20 has recently been demonstrated to induce G2 cell cycle arrest followed by apoptosis in human and mouse cells. Here, we demonstrate that its homologues UL24 in HSV-1, ORF20 in KSHV and UL76 in HCMV are also inducers of cell cycle arrest followed by apoptosis ...
Takahashi Yukari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short single stranded noncoding RNAs that suppress gene expression through either translational repression or degradation of target mRNAs. The annealing between messenger RNAs and 5' seed region of miRNAs is believed to be essential for the specific suppression of target gene expression. One miRNA can have ...
Duerig Anna - - 2009
Second messengers control a wide range of important cellular functions in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Here we show that cyclic di-GMP, a global bacterial second messenger, promotes cell cycle progression in Caulobacter crescentus by mediating the specific degradation of the replication initiation inhibitor CtrA. During the G1-to-S-phase transition, both CtrA and ...
Antezana Erick - - 2009
The Cell Cycle Ontology (http://www.CellCycleOntology.org) is an application ontology that automatically captures and integrates detailed knowledge on the cell cycle process. Cell Cycle Ontology is enabled by semantic web technologies, and is accessible via the web for browsing, visualizing, advanced querying, and computational reasoning. Cell Cycle Ontology facilitates a detailed ...
Zinser Erik R - - 2009
The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus MED4 has the smallest genome and cell size of all known photosynthetic organisms. Like all phototrophs at temperate latitudes, it experiences predictable daily variation in available light energy which leads to temporal regulation and partitioning of key cellular processes. To better understand the tempo and choreography ...
Schuyler Scott C SC Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, - - 2009
Cell cycle transitions are controlled, in part, by ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. In mitosis, the metaphase to anaphase transition is governed by an E3 ubiquitin ligase called the cyclosome or Anaphase-Promoting Complex (APC), and a WD40-repeat protein co-factor called Cdc20. In vitro Cdc20-dependent APC (APC(Cdc20)) assays have been useful in the identification ...
Plotnikova Olga V OV Program in Molecular and Translational Medicine, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111, - - 2009
Cilia are microtubule-based structures that protrude from the cell surface and function as sensors for mechanical and chemical environmental cues that regulate cellular differentiation or division. In metazoans, ciliary signaling is important during organismal development and in the homeostasis controls of adult tissues, with receptors for the Hedgehog, platelet derived ...
Ametzazurra Amagoia A Division of Hepatology and Gene Therapy, Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain. - - 2009
Human Nalpha-acetyltransferase complex B (hNatB) is integrated by hNaa20p (hNAT5/hNAT3) and hNaa25p (hMDM20) proteins. Previous data have shown that this enzymatic complex is implicated in cell cycle progression and carcinogenesis. In yeast this enzyme acetylates peptides composed by methionine and aspartic acid or glutamic acid in their first two positions ...
Luche Douglas D DD Department of Molecular and Computational Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2009
Analysis of S phase events requires the ability to synchronize the cell cycle for subsequent physiological or molecular analysis. The cell cycle can be arrested at different stages, using drugs or temperature-sensitive mutations, and then released (block and release). These methods offer high levels of synchrony. Synchrony is lower in ...
Brown Pamela J B PJ Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405-3700, - - 2009
Caulobacter crescentus has become the predominant bacterial model system to study the regulation of cell-cycle progression. Stage-specific processes such as chromosome replication and segregation, and cell division are coordinated with the development of four polar structures: the flagellum, pili, stalk, and holdfast. The production, activation, localization, and proteolysis of specific ...
Khodjakov Alexey A Wadsworth Center, Albany, NY 12201-0509, USA. - - 2009
The concept of checkpoint controls revolutionized our understanding of the cell cycle. Here we revisit the defining features of checkpoints and argue that failure to properly appreciate the concept is leading to misinterpretation of experimental results. We illustrate, using the mitotic checkpoint, problems that can arise from a failure to ...
Depuydt Stephen - - 2009
The phytopathogenic actinomycete Rhodococcus fascians induces neoplastic shooty outgrowths on infected hosts. Upon R. fascians infection of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), leaves are formed with small narrow lamina and serrated margins. These symptomatic leaves exhibit reduced tissue differentiation, display more but smaller cells that do not endoreduplicate, and accumulate in the ...
Olsen Petter Angell - - 2009
Single-stranded oligonucleotides (ssODNs) and zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) are two approaches that are being pursued to achieve sequence specific genome modification. ZFNs induce high rates of homologous recombination (HR) between the target sequence and a given donor by introducing site-specific genomic double-strand breaks (DSBs). The mode of action that is used ...
Lee Hyoung-Gon HG Department of Pathology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2009
As one of the earliest pathologic changes, the aberrant re-expression of many cell cycle-related proteins and inappropriate cell cycle control in specific vulnerable neuronal populations in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is emerging as an important component in the pathogenesis leading to AD and other neurodegenerative diseases. These events are clearly representative ...
Zhu Na - - 2009
The Gadd45 family of proteins, which includes alpha, beta, and gamma isoforms, has recently been shown to play a role in the G2/M cell cycle checkpoint in response to DNA damage; however, the mechanisms by which Gadd45 proteins inhibit cell cycle control are not fully understood. Using immunohistochemical analysis, we ...
Hu Junbo - - 2008
p55PIK, a regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), specifically interacts with retinoblastoma protein (Rb) through the unique NH2 terminus of p55PIK, N24. This interaction is critical for cell proliferation and cell cycle progression. To examine p55PIK as a potential target for cancer therapy, we generated an adenovirus expressing N24 (Ad-N24-GFP) ...
Seo Young Ho - - 2009
We have developed an improved synthesis for the cell-permeable, sulfenic acid probe DAz-1. Using DAz-1, we detect sulfenic acid modifications in the cell-cycle regulatory phosphatase Cdc25A. In addition, we show that DAz-1 has superior potency in cells compared to a biotinylated derivative. Collectively, these findings set the stage for the ...
Kamel Suzan - - 2009
Numerous experiments in mutant and transgenic mice have implicated Hox transcription factors in development of the skeletal system, postulating a role for these proteins in cell proliferation of precursor cells and regulation of cell differentiation. Our own data from Hoxc8 and Hoxd4 transgenic mice suggest that Hoxc8 is involved in ...
Dalle Nogare Damian E - - 2009
Following fertilization of many animal embryos, rapid synchronous cleavage divisions give way to longer, asynchronous cell cycles at the midblastula transition (MBT). The cell cycle changes at the MBT, including the addition of gap phases and checkpoint controls, are accompanied by activation of the zygotic genome and the onset of ...
Dey Sanjib - - 2009
J-domain containing co-chaperone Mrj (mammalian relative to DnaJ) has been implicated in diverse cellular functions including placental development and inhibition of Huntingtin mediated cytotoxicity. It has also been shown to interact with keratin intermediate filaments. Since keratins undergo extensive reorganization during cell division, its interactor Mrj might also play an ...
Santos Joana M - - 2009
Protozoan parasites of the phylum Apicomplexa undergo a lytic cycle whereby a single zoite produced by the previous cycle has to encounter a host cell, invade it, multiply to differentiate into a new zoite generation and escape to resume a new cycle. At every step of this lytic cycle, the ...
Li Ju-mei - - 2008
The Dpb11 and Drc1/Sld2 proteins form a complex that is critical for the initiation of DNA replication. In this study we identify MSA1 as a high copy suppressor of a drc1-1 mutant. MSA1 overproduction can also suppress the temperature sensitivity of dpb11-1 and pol2-12 mutants. Reciprocally, msa1 deletion exacerbates the ...
Onoyama Ichiro - - 2008
Regulation of the exit of cells from the cell cycle is important in the development of multicellular organisms and is also implicated in the maintenance of stem cells. Furthermore, defects in cell cycle exit are thought to be a major cause of cancer. However, the mechanisms responsible for regulation of ...
Pulliam Kanika F - - 2009
There is significant evidence linking nucleocytoplasmic transport to cell cycle control. The budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, serves as an ideal model system for studying transport events critical to cell cycle progression because the nuclear envelope remains intact throughout the cell cycle. Previous studies linked the classical nuclear localization signal (cNLS) ...
Bowers Lisa M - - 2008
Recent studies have illuminated key features of the transcriptional and signal transduction networks governing the cell division cycle of Caulobacter crescentus. These mechanisms generate oscillations in the activity of CtrA, a key regulator of DNA replication and transcription of cell cycle regulated genes. ctrA transcription is itself regulated as part ...
Yu, Lisa
Proper progression through the cell cycle is critical for cell growth and survival. Disruption of cell cycle progression can lead to cell cycle arrest and cell death. In addition, uncontrolled cell cycle progression can lead to cancer. Cells have evolved complex mechanisms to regulate each phase of the cell cycle ...
Chakraborty Papia P Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, - - 2008
The Nup107-160 complex, the largest subunit of the nuclear pore, is multifunctional. It mediates mRNA export in interphase, and has roles in kinetochore function, spindle assembly, and postmitotic nuclear pore assembly. We report here that the levels of constituents of the Nup107-160 complex are coordinately cell cycle-regulated. At mitosis, however, ...
Chao Dennis L DL Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109, USA. - - 2008
Elevated cellular proliferation and cell cycle abnormalities, which have been associated with premalignant lesions, may be caused by inactivation of tumor suppressor genes. We measured proliferative and cell cycle fractions of biopsies from a cohort of patients with Barrett's esophagus to better understand the role of proliferation in early neoplastic ...
Maaser K - - 2008
Expression of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule EpCAM is upregulated in a variety of carcinomas. This antigen is therefore explored in tumour diagnosis, and clinical trials have been initiated to examine EpCAM-based therapies. Notably, the possible intracellular effects and signalling pathways triggered by EpCAM-specific antibodies are unknown. Here, we show ...
Cooper Stephen - - 2009
It has been proposed that cyclical gene expression occurs at a large number of different times during the cell cycle. The existence of a large number of cycle-specific variations in mRNA and protein during the eukaryotic cell cycle raises the problem of how cell-cycle variations are regulated. This is the ...
Iniesta Antonio A - - 2008
Dynamic protein localization is an integral component of the regulatory circuit that drives the Caulobacter cell cycle. The ClpXP protease is localized to the Caulobacter cell pole, where it catalyzes the degradation of the CtrA master regulator at specific times in the cell cycle. Clearance of active CtrA at the ...
Lee Sang Bae - - 2008
B23/NPM is a major nucleolar phosphoprotein that has a critical role in cell proliferation and cell death. Here, we show that it forms a complex with Akt on growth factor (GF) stimulation in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus, for which Akt activation is indispensable. The C terminus of B23 ...
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