Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2169
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Jiang Lichun - - 2012
Strain BS8Y with high biodegradation activity and high tolerance of phenol was isolated from activated sludge in an insulating material plant of China. This strain was capable of removing 99.2% of the initial 600 mg/l phenol in liquid minimal medium within 24 h and tolerating phenol at concentrations of up ...
Delobel P - - 2012
Aims:  To show that in anaerobic fermentation with limiting lipid nutrients, cell preparation impacts the viability assessment of yeast cells, and to identify the factors involved. Methods and Results:  Saccharomyces cerevisiae viability was determined using propidium iodide staining and the flow cytometry (FCM). Analyses identified intact cells, dead cells and, ...
Kikuchi Takashi - - 2012
Four known sesquiterpene alcohols, i.e., 1-4, ten triterpene alcohols, i.e., 5-14, and four triterpene acids, i.e., 15-18, were isolated from the MeOH extract of Canarium ovatum resin (elemi resin). Upon evaluation of the previously described compounds 1-18 on the melanogenesis in B16 melanoma cells induced with α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), three ...
Branco Patrícia - - 2012
Real-time detection of microorganisms involved in complex microbial process, such as wine fermentations, and evaluation of their physiological state is crucial to predict whether or not those microbial species will be able to impact the final product. In the present work we used a direct live/dead staining (LDS) procedure combined ...
Yamaguchi Haruhiko - - 2012
Acetaldehyde (AA) accumulates in the oral cavity after alcohol intake and is responsible for an increased risk of alcohol-related upper aerodigestive tract (UDAT) cancer among aldehyde dehydrogenase 2-inactive heterozygotes in particular. Thus, the removal of AA from the saliva to a level below its mutagenic concentration (50 μM) after drinking ...
Mo Zhicheng Z Department of Neuroscience, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, 06030-3401, - - 2012
Alcohol is the most widely consumed substance of abuse, and its use during pregnancy can lead to serious disorders of brain development. The precise molecular action of alcohol on human brain development, however, is still unknown. We previously enriched multipotent progenitor cells, radial glia (RG) cells, from human fetal forebrain ...
Efremenko E N - - 2012
The purpose of this work was to study the possible use of pretreated biomass of various microalgae and cyanobacteria as substrates for acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum cells immobilized into poly(vinyl alcohol) cryogel. To this end, the biochemical composition of photosynthetic microorganisms cultivated under various conditions was studied. The ...
Liu Zhi-Qiang - - 2012
Iminodiacetic acid (IDA) is widely used as an intermediate in the manufacture of chelating agents, glyphosate herbicides and surfactants. In the current work, the fragment with the length of 1,110 bp encoding the Acidovorax facilis nitrilase was obtained. The recombinant nitrilase expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) was successfully used ...
Kojima Soichi - - 2012
Background and Aim:  Transglutaminase 2 (TG2), catalyzing crosslinking between lysine and glutamine residues, is involved in many liver diseases. We previously reported that TG2, induced in the nucleus of ethanol- or free fatty acids (FFAs)-treated hepatic cells, crosslinks and inactivates a transcription factor Sp1, leading to reduced expression of c-Met ...
Iwasawa Atsuo - - 2012
We investigated the virucidal activity of commercially available alcohol-based hand rub products against coxsackievirus A7, B5, feline calicivirus F9, and human adenovirus type 3, type 7, type 8 using susceptible cell lines, Vero cells, CRFK cells, and A549 cells. Fifteen tested hand rub products were ethanol (EtOH) for disinfection (Japanese ...
Alhosseini Sanaz Naghavi - - 2012
Among several attempts to integrate tissue engineering concepts into strategies to repair different parts of the human body, neuronal repair stands as a challenging area due to the complexity of the structure and function of the nervous system and the low efficiency of conventional repair approaches. Herein, electrospun polyvinyl alcohol ...
Maleknia S - - 2011
The attempts were made to describe the development of a whole cell immobilization of P. pastoris by entrapping the cells in polyacrylamide gel beads. The alcohol oxidase activity of the whole cell Pichia pastoris was evaluated in comparison with yeast biomass production. Methylotrophic yeast P. pastoris was obtained from Collection ...
Schloms Lindie - - 2012
The steroid hormone output of the adrenal gland is crucial in the maintenance of hormonal homeostasis, with hormonal imbalances being associated with numerous clinical conditions which include, amongst others, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Aspalathus linearis (Rooibos), which has been reported to aid stress-related ...
Orlyanskaya T Y - - 2011
Adaptation restructuring at the level of cells and cell populations in CNS in young animals after acute intoxication with a high dose of beer was evaluated by a complex of quantitative morphometric parameters. Variants of morphological manifestations of compensatory adaptive changes were studied and variability of their combinations in the ...
Pellicioli Ana Carolina Amorim AC Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, RS, - - 2011
To assess cytogenetic abnormalities through quantification of micronuclei, broken eggs, and karyorrhexis, in cells from normal oral mucosa of individuals exposed to carcinogens (alcohol and tobacco) and adjacent to leukoplakias and squamous cell carcinomas. The sample was composed of 40 subjects aged > 30 years, divided into four groups: control, ...
Wang Tao T Department of Physiology, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, GA 30912, - - 2012
The human adrenal cortex secretes mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids and adrenal androgens. These steroids are produced from unique cell types located within the three distinct zones of the adrenal cortex. Disruption of adrenal steroid production results in a variety of diseases that can lead to hypertension, metabolic syndrome, infertility and androgen excess. ...
Mazilu Jaime K - - 2011
Transdifferentiation of an individual's own cells into functional differentiated cells to replace an organ's lost function would be a personalized approach to therapeutics. In this two part series, we will describe the progress toward establishing functional transdifferentiated adrenal cortical cells. In this article (Part 1), we describe adrenal development and ...
Mazilu Jaime K - - 2011
Transdifferentiation of an individual's own cells into functional differentiated cells to replace an organ's lost function would be a personalized approach to therapeutics. In this two part series, we will describe the progress toward establishing functional transdifferentiated adrenal cortical cells. In this article (Part 2), we describe the disorders of ...
Leelawat Kawin K Department of Surgery, Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand. - - 2011
To determine the role of CD133 in cholangiocarcinoma progression. CD133 protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 34 cholangiocarcinoma specimens. In addition, proliferation, chemoresistance and invasive properties of CD133-enriched (CD133(+)) and CD133-depleted (CD133(-)) RMCCA1 cholangiocarcinoma cells were studied and compared. Strong CD133 expression was observed in 67.6% (23/34) of the ...
Kamisawa Terumi - - 2011
Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas is a rare neoplasm exhibiting pancreatic enzyme production by the neoplastic cells. It has a highly characteristic cellular arrangement reflecting its acinar derivation, and a definite diagnosis is made based on immunohistochemical and ultrastructural results. Such tumors are often large but rather well circumscribed. ...
Ng Ka Yan KY School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, - - 2011
The growth and development of pancreatic islet cells are regulated by various morphogens. Vitamin A modulates in vitro differentiation of islet cells and vitamin D affects beta-cell insulin secretion, while both vitamin ligands act through heterodimerization with the retinoid X receptor (RXR). However, their effects in modulating pancreatic development have ...
Kuo Yung-Chih - - 2011
Catanionic solid lipid nanoparticles (CASLNs), loaded with doxorubicin (Dox) and grafted with anti-epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) (anti-EGFR/Dox-CASLNs), were applied to suppressing propagation of malignant U87MG cells. U87MG cells were cultured with anti-EGFR/Dox-CASLNs for assessing the cell viability and EGFR expression. When the concentration of catanionic surfactants, containing hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide ...
Nordon Robert E - - 2011
Cell proliferation and differentiation is described by a multi-type branching process, a probability model that defines the inheritance of cell type. Cell type is defined by i) a repression index related to the time required for S-phase entry and ii) phenotype as determined by cell markers and division history. The ...
Hoesli Corinne A - - 2011
Alginate has been used to protect transplanted pancreatic islets from immune rejection and as a matrix to increase the insulin content of islet progenitor cells. The throughput of alginate bead generation by the standard extrusion and external gelation method is limited by the rate of droplet formation from nozzles. Alginate ...
Gaviraghi Margherita - - 2011
Pancreatic cancer stem-like cells are described by membrane expression of CD24, CD44 and ESA (epithelial-specific antigen) and their capacity to grow as spheres in a serum-free medium containing well-defined growth factors. The capacity of a panel of four pancreatic cancer cell lines (PANC-1, CFPAC-1, PancTu-1 and PSN-1) to form spheres ...
Su Xuantao - - 2011
A microscope-based label-free microfluidic cytometer capable of acquiring two dimensional light scatter patterns from single cells, pattern analysis of which determines cellular information such as cell size, orientation and inner nanostructure, was developed. Finite-difference time-domain numerical simulations compared favorably with experimental scatter patterns from micrometer-sized beads and cells. The device ...
Banjerdpongchai Ratana - - 2011
Houttuynia cordata Thunb (HCT) is a medicinal plant of the Saururaceae family which features antimutagenic and antiviral properties. For extraction, the whole plants were fermented or non-fermented with yeast and ethanol then the whole plants were dried, ground and extracted with 95% ethanol or water. The aims of this study ...
Shin Jeong-Ah - - 2011
Pancreatic duct cells are considered a potential source of β-cell regeneration, and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) has been suggested to perform an important role in these processes, but the underlying mechanism of the signal pathways, especially in humans, remains poorly understood. To evaluate the role of TGF-β1, pancreatic duct cells ...
Sumi Shoichiro - - 2011
Recent advances in pancreas organogenesis have greatly improved the understanding of cell lineage from inner cell mass to fully differentiated β-cells. Based upon such knowledge, insulin-producing cells similar to β-cells to a certain extent have been generated from various cell sources including embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem ...
Kawaguchi Yoshiya - - 2011
Revealing the mechanism of adult organ maintenance and regeneration after injury is fundamental to our understanding of the pathogenesis of diseases. Considering the results of pulse and chase experiments using inducible insulin-Cre or Elastase-Cre, and more recently HNF1b-Cre, adult pancreatic cells (beta, acinar, and duct cells) seem to be maintained ...
Dwivedi Vinay - - 2011
Diet is one of the important factors in cancer etiology and prevention. The Indian diet is particularly interesting in its many unique dietary constituents, including spices like chili pepper, cloves, black pepper and black cumin, that have promise as chemopreventive agents. The objective of the present study was to compare ...
Merkwitz Claudia C Institute of Anatomy, University of Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 13, 04103, Leipzig, - - 2011
Controversy remains regarding the origin of the pancreatic endocrine cells. It is generally accepted that the majority of insulin-secreting cells derive from the endodermal epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to determine the contribution made by a particular cluster of differentiation (CD)-positive cells to the ...
Yan Haijiao - - 2010
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of microRNA-20a on pancreatic carcinoma cell proliferation and invasion and to find a new effective treatment strategy for pancreatic carcinoma. MicroRNA-20a expression was determined in 10 matched normal pancreatic tissues and pancreatic carcinoma by in situ hybridization. Quantitative real-time ...
Lee Byung-Wan - - 2010
Activation of the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) by its ligands leads to cellular damage contributing to diabetic complications. It is not clearly known whether RAGE ligands influence pancreatic β-cells. In this study, we investigated the expression of RAGE in islet cells and the effect of RAGE ligands, S100b ...
Li Baowei - - 2011
Islet cell replacement represents the most promising approach for the treatment of type I diabetes. However, it is limited by a shortage of pancreas donors. Here, we report that human amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (hAFSCs) can be induced to differentiate into functional insulin-producing cells by knocking down neuronal restrictive silencing ...
Chen Bo-Zhi - - 2010
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune destruction of pancreatic islet beta cell disease, making it important to find a new alternative source of the islet beta cells to replace the damaged cells. hES (human embryonic stem) cells possess unlimited self-renewal and pluripotency and thus have the potential to provide an ...
Huang Ya-Chi - - 2011
Critical investigation into α-cell biology in health and diabetes has been sparse and at times inconsistent because of the technical difficulties with employing conventional strategies of isolated islets and dispersed single cells. An acute pancreas slice preparation was developed to overcome the enzymatic and mechanical perturbations inherent in conventional islet ...
Desgraz Renaud - - 2011
Type I diabetes (T1D) patients rely on cumbersome chronic injections of insulin, making the development of alternate durable treatments a priority. The ability of the pancreas to generate new β-cells has been described in experimental diabetes models and, importantly, in infants with T1D. Here we discuss recent advances in identifying ...
Liu Jiangying - - 2010
Three-amino-acid-loop-extension (TALE) homeodomain proteins including Meis and Pbx families are generally recognized for their roles in growth and differentiation during vertebrate embryogenesis and tumorigenesis. Whereas genetic studies indicate that Pbx1 regulates the development and function of insulin-producing pancreatic β-cells, the role of Meis family members in β-cells is still unknown. ...
Virreira Myrna - - 2011
Pancreatic β-cells originate from gut endoderm during development. Pancreatic endocrine cells represent about 10% of the mature pancreatic cells, and β-cells represent the majority of endocrine cells. β-cells secrete insulin in response to elevation of nutrient concentrations. Insulin maintains glucose homeostasis by stimulating glucose uptake into muscle and adipose tissue. ...
Shirasawa Sakiko - - 2011
Cultivation of functional pancreatic cells isolated from adult mammalian pancreas remains difficult. We developed a differentiation protocol that gradually induced the formation of mouse pancreatic exocrine cells from embryonic stem cells (ESCs). This process mimicked in vivo pancreatic development by directing cells through definitive endoderm (DE), gut tube endoderm, and ...
Smura Teemu - - 2010
Enterovirus 94 (EV-94) is an enterovirus serotype described recently which, together with EV-68 and EV-70, forms human enterovirus D species. This study investigates the seroprevalences of these three serotypes and their abilities to infect, replicate, and damage cell types considered to be essential for enterovirus-induced diseases. The cell types studied ...
Lee Seung-Hee SH Sanford Children's Health Research Center, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2010
Beta-cell replication dramatically declines with age. Here, we report that the level of CENP-A, a protein required for cell division, declines precipitously with age in an islet-specific manner. CENP-A is essentially undetectable after age 29 in humans. However, exocrine cells retain CENP-A expression. The decline in islet-cell CENP-A expression is ...
Lavine Jeremy A - - 2010
Type 2 diabetes occurs due to a relative deficit in β-cell mass or function. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), cholecystokinin (CCK), and gastrin are gastrointestinal hormones that are secreted in response to nutrient intake, regulating digestion, insulin secretion, satiety, and β-cell mass. In this review, we focus ...
Todorov Ivan - - 2010
Assays for assessing human islet cell quality, which provide results before transplantation, would be beneficial to improve the outcomes for islet transplantation therapy. Parameters such as percent β-cell apoptosis and cell composition are found to vary markedly between different islet preparations and may serve as markers of islet quality. We ...
Rezania Alireza - - 2011
Differentiation of human embryonic stem (hES) cells to fully developed cell types holds great therapeutic promise. Despite significant progress, the conversion of hES cells to stable, fully differentiated endocrine cells that exhibit physiologically regulated hormone secretion has not yet been achieved. Here we describe an efficient differentiation protocol for the ...
Bayrakdar Ali - - 2011
This study aimed to determine the existence and distribution of certain neuropeptides in endocrine and exocrine pancreas of the long-legged buzzard by using immunohistochemical methods. SOM-14-, NPY- and CGRP-IR endocrine cells were determined in both central and peripheral regions in A-islets within the pancreas, while SP-IR endocrine cells were found ...
Soleimanpour Scott A - - 2010
The calcium-regulated phosphatase calcineurin intersects with both calcium and cAMP-mediated signaling pathways in the pancreatic β-cell. Pharmacologic calcineurin inhibition, necessary to prevent rejection in the setting of organ transplantation, is associated with post-transplant β-cell failure. We sought to determine the effect of calcineurin inhibition on β-cell replication and survival in ...
Joglekar Mugdha V - - 2010
In vitro generation of insulin-producing cells from stem/progenitor cells presents a promising approach to overcome the scarcity of donor pancreas for cell replacement therapy in diabetes. In this regard, pancreatic islet-derived progenitors are proposed to be a better alternative as they are obtained from cells that can efficiently produce insulin ...
Sekiguchi Debora R DR Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2011
Manual gating of bivariate plots remains the most frequently used data analysis method in flow cytometry. However, gating is operator-dependent and cumbersome, particularly with the increasing complexity of modern multicolor immunophenotyping data. A method that can remove operator bias, enable systematic and thorough analysis of complex high-dimensional data, correlate temporal ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >