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Kanno, Takahiro
To test for chaotic dynamics of the insulin producing beta-cell and explore its biological role, we observed the action potentials with the perforated patch clamp technique, for isolated cells as well as for intact cells of the mouse pancreatic islet. The time series obtained were analyzed using nonlinear diagnostic algorithms ...
Arnaud-Dabernat Sandrine - - 2007
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) are key signaling molecules for pancreas development. Although FGFR3 is a crucial developmental gene, acting as a negative regulator of bone formation, its participation remains unexplored in pancreatic organogenesis. We found that FGFR3 was expressed in the epithelia in both mouse embryonic ...
Noguchi Hirofumi - - 2007
BETA2/NeuroD protein is important for regulating insulin gene transcription and for the terminal differentiation of islet cells, including insulin- and glucagon-producing cells. We reported that BETA2/NeuroD protein can permeate several cell types, including pancreatic islets, because of an arginine- and lysine-rich protein transduction domain (PTD) sequence in its structure. Here ...
La Flamme Kristen E - - 2007
Over the last several decades, considerable research has focused on the development of cell encapsulation technology to treat a number of diseases, especially type 1 diabetes. One of the key advantages of cell encapsulation is that it permits the use of xenogenic tissue, particularly animal-derived cell lines. This is an ...
Klaffschenkel R A - - 2007
During the isolation of human islets of Langerhans the digest has repeated direct contact with the ambient atmosphere. In order to fulfill GMP requirements in clinical applications, the entire cell preparation must be performed in clean room facilities. We hypothesized that the use of a closed system, which avoids the ...
Buchanan Christina M - - 2007
The application of intact-cell mass spectrometry (ICM) by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry to achieve direct protein-profiling of bacterial species is now well established. However, this methodology has not to our knowledge been applied to the analysis of mammalian cells in routine culture. Here, we describe a novel ...
Xiang Leiwen - - 2007
The aim of this study is to investigate the cell reparative effects of Mormordical Charantia Linn. boiling water extract (MCE) on the HIT-T15 Hamster Pancreatic beta-cells. Furthermore, the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of MCE was determined. 0.02% MCE (w/v) achieved the highest cell proliferation rate of 45.6% (p<0.01) on alloxan ...
Saluja Ashok K - - 2007
Many animal models are available to investigate the pathogenesis of pancreatitis, an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas. However, the secretagogue hyperstimulation model of pancreatitis is the most commonly used. Animals infused with high doses of cholecystokinin (CCK) exhibit hyperamylasemia, pancreatic edema, and acinar cell injury, which closely mimic pancreatitis in ...
Nakanishi Mio - - 2007
The in vitro formation of organs and/or tissues is a major goal for regenerative medicine that would also provide a powerful tool for analyzing both the mechanisms of development and disease processes for each target organ. Here, we present a method whereby pancreatic tissues can be formed in vitro from ...
Arnold Nichole Boyer - - 2007
Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive human malignancy that is generally refractory to chemotherapy. Histone deacetylase inhibitors are novel agents that modulate cell growth and survival. In this study, we sought to determine whether a relatively new histone deacetylase inhibitor, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), inhibits pancreatic cancer cell growth. The effects ...
Szot Gregory L - - 2007
Our protocol was developed to cleanly and easily deliver islets or cells under the kidney capsule of diabetic or normal mice. We found that it was easier to concentrate the islets or cells into pellets in the final delivery tubing (PE50) used to transplant the cells under the kidney capsule. ...
Tosh David D Centre for Regenerative Medicine, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, - - 2007
Prolonged copper deprivation in rats followed by refeeding with a normal diet has previously been used to induce the appearance of hepatocyte-like cells in the pancreas, but the effects on islet size and morphology have not been determined. In the present study we investigated the distribution of pancreatic alpha- and ...
Vonlaufen Alain A South Western Sydney Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2007
Alcohol abuse is the major cause of chronic inflammation of the pancreas (i.e., chronic pancreatitis). Although it has long been thought that alcoholic pancreatitis is a chronic disease from the outset, evidence is accumulating to indicate that chronic damage in the pancreas may result from repeated attacks of acute tissue ...
Mc Kiernan Eadaoin - - 2007
Several studies in recent years have described protocols, both genetic- and culture-based, that induce the differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells towards a pancreatic beta-cell type. The success of previous protocols in generating insulin-producing beta-cells has been questioned due in part to uncertainty regarding cell lineage but also due to ...
Petropavlovskaia M - - 2007
We have previously identified a novel population of small cells in human and canine pancreas characterized by immature morphology, quiescence, and a glucose-responsive insulin secretion. Based on their immature phenotype and predominant presence in small islets, we have hypothesized that small cells serve as islet progenitors. This hypothesis remains untested, ...
Wente Wolf - - 2007
Liver X receptors (LXRs) form functional heterodimers with the retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and regulate cholesterol, lipid, and glucose metabolism. We demonstrated previously that activation of LXR modulates insulin secretion in MIN6 cells and pancreatic islets. In this study we investigated the effects of the LXR agonist T0901317 and the ...
Beuneu C - - 2007
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The early loss of beta cells after islet cell transplantation has been attributed in part to blood coagulation at the implant site. Tissue factor expressed by beta cells and contaminating duct cells is considered to activate this process. Here, we investigated the ability of N-acetyl-L-cysteine to suppress the in ...
Chowdhury Parimal - - 2006
Cell proliferation is an important process in life for growth of normal and cancer cells. The signal transduction pathways activated during this process are strictly regulated. This editorial focuses on the role of nicotine, a mitogen, in the induction of signaling pathways resulting in proliferation of pancreatic tumor cells and ...
Thomas Dolca A - - 2007
Apoptotic cell death is a defined pathway for islet cell demise, and mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to islet cell apoptosis. The hypothesis that the novel peptide D-Arg-2', 6'-dimethyltyrosine-Lys-Phe-NH2 (SS-31), previously shown to target inner mitochondrial membrane and prevent oxidative damage of neuronal cells and other cell types, optimizes pancreatic islet isolation ...
Inchovska M - - 2006
Although progress has been made with respect to the growth and transcription factors implicated in pancreatic development, many questions remain unsolved. It has been established that during embryonic life, both endocrine and acinar cells are derived from pancreatic epithelial precursor cells. Growth factors control the proliferation of precursor cells and ...
Chu Chao-shun - - 2007
We previously reported that human NRAGE could significantly alter the cellular skeleton and inhibit cell-cell adhesion, suggesting that human NRGAE play a potential role in cellular motility. Here, we report overexpression of human NRAGE in PANC-1 and B16-Bl6 cells could significantly suppress the metastasis of these cells in vitro and ...
Nikolova Ganka - - 2007
Over the past few years, scientists have realized that many cellular and developmental processes, including pancreatic beta-cell growth and differentiation, stem cell and progenitor cell proliferation and cancer cell metastasis, occur in what are known as 'vascular niches'. Despite increasing numbers of reports on these niches, few common mechanisms have ...
Dai Hong - - 2007
Pancreatic cancer (PanCa) is characterized by perineural invasion (PNI), early lymph node and liver metastasis, and poor prognosis. PNI is one of the important causes of local recurrence. Little is known about the mechanism of PNI in PanCa. We presented a novel model system that may shed light on the ...
Rukstalis J Michael JM Laboratory of Molecular Endocrinology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2007
The mammalian pancreas develops by the expansion and morphogenesis of the epithelial cells of the foregut endoderm via the sequential activation of transcription factors that direct differentiation into the various pancreatic lineages. Implicit in this growth and differentiation are the temporal and spatial processes of cell migration and three-dimensional organization, ...
Zhao Wenping - - 2007
Studies of islet neogenesis have suggested that the regeneration of islet cells can be achieved through redifferentiation of pre-existing islet cells. However, this hypothesis is largely unproven and fails to account for the diversity of observed islet neogenesis. Here we show that cultured neonatal pancreatic cells dedifferentiate into betaIII tubulin-expressing ...
Stiegler P B - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus may be treated with pancreatic islet cell transplantation. The use of xenogenic islet cells may overcome the shortage of human donor organs. Microencapsulation seems to be a promising method for immunoprotection. Since isolation, purification, encapsulation, and transplantation of islet cells are labor-intensive, cryopreservation has emerged as an ...
Dichmann Darwin S - - 2006
Here, we examine the role of GDF11 in pancreatic development. Using in situ hybridization and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analyses, we show that Gdf11 transcripts are expressed in embryonic pancreas epithelium before the secondary transition but decrease rapidly afterward. To determine the function of GDF11 during pancreas development, we analyzed ...
Cano David A - - 2006
Defects in cilia formation or function have been implicated in several human genetic diseases, including polycystic kidney disease (PKD), Bardet-Biedl syndrome, and primary ciliary dyskinesia. Pancreatic lesions are found in approximately 10% of PKD patients, suggesting a connection between cilia defects and pancreatic pathologies. Here, we investigate the role of ...
D'Amour Kevin A - - 2006
Of paramount importance for the development of cell therapies to treat diabetes is the production of sufficient numbers of pancreatic endocrine cells that function similarly to primary islets. We have developed a differentiation process that converts human embryonic stem (hES) cells to endocrine cells capable of synthesizing the pancreatic hormones ...
Takeshita F - - 2006
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: It appears that the adult pancreas has limited regenerative ability following beta cell destruction by streptozotocin (STZ). However, it is not clear if this limitation is due to an inability to respond to, rather than an absence of, regenerative stimuli. In this study we aimed to uncouple the regenerative ...
Glass Anne - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) are known to be crucially involved in the development of pancreatic fibrosis, a characteristic feature of chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. The key event in the pathogenesis of fibrosis represents a transition process of quiescent PSCs into a myofibroblastlike phenotype associated with cell activation in ...
Jhala Nirag - - 2006
This study was undertaken to determine whether recently identified proteins could be translated to clinical practice as markers to distinguish pancreatic adenocarcinoma from chronic pancreatitis on fine-needle aspirate (FNA) samples. Resected pancreatic tissue sections (n = 40) and FNA samples (n = 65) were stained for clusterin-beta, MUC4, survivin, and ...
Bachem Max G - - 2006
Pancreas fibrosis is the result of a dynamic cascade of mechanisms beginning with acinar cell (AC) injury and necrosis and followed by inflammation, activation of macrophages, aggregation of platelets, release of growth factors and reactive oxygen species (ROS), activation of pancreatic stellate cells (PSC), stimulated synthesis of extracellular matrix and ...
Granata R - - 2006
Ghrelin is mainly produced by the stomach, although it is expressed in other tissues, including the pancreas. Among its pleiotropic actions, ghrelin prevents the development of diabetes in rats and exerts mitogenic and antiapoptotic effects in different cell types. In addition, a ghrelin-producing epsilon-cell population has been demonstrated in rodent ...
Albazaz R - - 2006
A case of pancreatic polypeptide cell hyperplasia in a 76-year-old man who presented with subacute bowel pseudo-obstruction is reported. A computed tomography scan incidentally showed a pancreatic head lesion that was resected by pancreaticoduodenectomy. Histological examination showed expansion of the endocrine pancreas with increased numbers of pancreatic polypeptide cells in ...
Zecchin E - - 2007
The different cell types of the vertebrate pancreas arise asynchronously during organogenesis. Beta-cells producing insulin, alpha-cells producing glucagon, and exocrine cells secreting digestive enzymes differentiate sequentially from a common primordium. Notch signaling has been shown to be a major mechanism controlling these cell-fate choices. So far, the pleiotropy of Delta ...
Meier J J - - 2006
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are characterised by a beta cell deficit. Islet hyperplasia has been described in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome secondary to gastrin-producing tumours (gastrinomas), and gastrin therapy has increased beta cell mass in rodents and human islets in vitro. In the present studies we addressed ...
Vedtofte Louise - - 2007
The desert gerbil Psammomys obesus, an established model of type 2 diabetes (T2D), has previously been shown to lack pancreatic and duodenal homeobox gene 1 (Pdx-1) expression. Pdx-1 deficiency leads to pancreas agenesis in both mice and humans. We have therefore further examined the pancreas of P. obesus during embryonic ...
Wähämaa Heidi - - 2007
High mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) exerts different biological functions dependent on its cellular localization. Nuclear HMGB1 maintains chromatin architecture and is required for undisturbed transcription activity, and extracellularly released HMGB1 mediates inflammation and tissue regeneration. A present paucity of readily accessible methods to quantify released HMGB1 represents a ...
Iiizumi Megumi - - 2006
To isolate novel diagnostic markers and drug targets for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), we previously performed expression profile analysis of PDAC cells using a genome-wide cDNA microarray combined with laser microdissection. Among dozens of up-regulated genes identified in PDAC cells, we herein focused on one tyrosine kinase receptor, Eph receptor ...
Savinov Alexei Y - - 2006
It has been well established that invasion-promoting membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), a multifunctional membrane-tethered enzyme, functions in cancer cells as a mediator of pericellular proteolysis and directly cleaves several cell surface receptors, including CD44. In this report, we confirm that adhesion of diabetogenic T cells promotes the activation of ...
Hirota Masahiko - - 2006
Trypsin activity is properly suppressed in the pancreatic acinar cells under normal conditions. A small amount of trypsinogen is converted to active trypsin and inactivated by pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI), thereby preventing damage to pancreatic acinar cells as a first line of defense. However, if trypsin activation (due to ...
Guo J M - - 2006
Pancreatic cancer is one of the tumors with the highest mortality, poorly responding to available chemotherapeutic agents. The objective of this study was to study the anticancer effects of all-trans retinoid acid, a functional form of vitamin A, on pancreatic cancer cells. Human pancreatic cancer MiaPaCa-2 cells were treated with ...
Yamamoto T - - 2006
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Duct cells of the pancreas are thought to include latent progenitors of islet endocrine cells that can be induced to differentiate by appropriate morphogens. Here we developed a method for isolating pancreatic ductal epithelial cells from adult mice that overcomes the shortcomings of previous methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pancreatic ...
Varma Shailly - - 2007
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine-threonine kinase that plays an important role in the regulation of cell proliferation and protein synthesis through the activation of its downstream target ribosomal p70 S6 kinase (p70(S6K)). The levels of p-mTOR are regulated by the protein kinase B (Akt/PKB). Therefore, the effects ...
Marzban Lucy - - 2006
Islet amyloid, formed by aggregation of islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP; amylin), is a pathological characteristic of the pancreas in type 2 diabetes and may contribute to the progressive loss of beta-cells in this disease. We tested the hypothesis that impaired processing of the IAPP precursor proIAPP contributes to amyloid formation ...
Liu Guoxun - - 2006
Gut peptide YY (PYY) plays an important role in regulating metabolism and is expressed during the ontogeny of the pancreas. However, its biological role during endocrine cell formation is not fully understood, and its role, if any, during pancreatic regeneration in the adult has not yet been explored. The knowledge ...
Chen Ya Wen - - 2006
Mercury is a well-known toxic metal, which induces oxidative stress. Pancreatic beta-cells are vulnerable to oxidative stress. The pathophysiological effect of mercury on the function of pancreatic beta-cells remains unclear. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of methylmercury (MeHg)-induced oxidative stress on the cell viability and function ...
Blasi Paolo - - 2006
Cell encapsulation technology raises great hopes in medicine and biotechnology. Transplantation of encapsulated pancreatic islets represents a promising approach to the final cure of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Unfortunately, long-term graft survival and functional competence remain only partially fulfilled. Failure was often ascribed to the lack of biocompatibility generating inflammatory ...
Bluth Martin H - - 2006
Pancreatic regenerating protein (reg I) stimulates pancreatic regeneration after pancreatectomy and is mitogenic to ductal and beta-cells. This suggests that reg I and its receptor may play a role in recovery after pancreatic injury. We hypothesized that reg I and its receptor are induced in acute pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis was ...
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