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Rodrigues Jean Henrique da Silva JH Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas - Biologia Celular e Molecular, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, - - 2014
Chagas' disease is a condition caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi that affects millions of people, mainly in Latin America where it is considered endemic. The chemotherapy for Chagas disease remains a problem; the standard treatment currently relies on a single drug, benznidazole, which unfortunately induces several side effects and ...
Zhou Qing Q Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
Trypanosoma brucei, a unicellular eukaryote and the causative agent of human sleeping sickness, possesses multiple single-copy organelles that all need to be duplicated and segregated during cell division. Trypanosomes undergo a closed mitosis in which the mitotic spindle is anchored on the nuclear envelope and connects the kinetochores made of ...
Machado Fabrício Castro - - 2013
Invasion of host cells by the intracellular protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi requires interactions with host cell molecules, and replication of the parasite requires escape from a parasitophorous vacuole into the host cell cytosol. Galectin-3, a member of β-galactosidase-binding lectin family, has numerous extracellular and intracellular functions. In this study, we investigated ...
Macgregor Paula - - 2013
African trypanosomes differentiate between various developmental stages both in mammalian hosts and their tsetse vector to adapt to and survive in the different environments they encounter. In the bloodstream, trypanosomes naturally exist as either proliferative slender-forms or non-proliferative stumpy-forms, the latter being responsible for both prolonged infection and transmission. However, ...
Nakajima-Shimada Junko - - 2013
Chagas disease (human American trypanosomiasis), which is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is responsible for numerous deaths each year; however, established treatments for the disease are limited. Differentiation-inducing factor-1 (DIF-1) and DIF-3 are chlorinated alkylphenones originally found in the cellular slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum that have been shown ...
Aridgides Daniel D Graduate Program in Immunology, Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, Tufts University, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), caused by the obligate intracellular protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Latin America. CCC begins when T. cruzi enters cardiac cells for intracellular multiplication and differentiation, a process that starts with recognition of host-cell entry receptors. However, the nature ...
Hwang Jong Yeon - - 2013
We previously reported the discovery of the activity of chloronitrobenzamides (CNBs) against bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei. Herein we disclose extensive structure-activity relationship and structure-property relationship studies aimed at identification of tractable early leads for clinical development. These studies revealed a promising lead compound, 18a, that exhibited nanomolar potency against ...
Vilchez Larrea Salomé C - - 2013
Trypanosoma cruzi, etiological agent of Chagas' disease, has a complex life cycle which involves the invasion of mammalian host cells, differentiation and intracellular replication. Here we report the first insights into the biological role of a poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase in a trypanosomatid (TcPARG). In silico analysis of the TcPARG gene pointed ...
Phillips Elizabeth A - - 2012
Trypanosoma brucei is the causative agent of sleeping sickness, a fatal disease prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. The few currently available drug treatments are dated and face problems with toxicity and resistance. For these reasons, there is an urgent need for the development of new chemotherapies for the treatment of sleeping ...
Zhao Xiaoyan - - 2012
Mammalian cell invasion by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi involves host cell microtubule dynamics. Microtubules support kinesin-dependent anterograde trafficking of host lysosomes to the cell periphery where targeted lysosome exocytosis elicits remodeling of the plasma membrane and parasite invasion. Here, a novel role for microtubule plus-end tracking proteins (+TIPs) in ...
Brasseur Anaïs - - 2013
FKBP12 proteins are able to inhibit TOR kinases or calcineurin phosphatases upon binding of rapamycin or FK506 drugs, respectively. The Trypanosoma brucei FKBP12 homologue (TbFKBP12) was found to be a cytoskeleton-associated protein with specific localization in the flagellar pocket area of the bloodstream form. In the insect procyclic form, RNA ...
Pérez-Moreno Guiomar - - 2012
Sterol biosynthesis inhibitors are promising entities for the treatment of trypanosomal diseases. Insect forms of Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of sleeping sickness, synthesize ergosterol and other 24-alkylated sterols, yet also incorporate cholesterol from the medium. While sterol function has been investigated by pharmacological manipulation of sterol biosynthesis, molecular mechanisms ...
Hazlerigg David G - - 2011
Circannual rhythms are innately timed long-term (tau ≈ 12 months) cycles of physiology and behavior, crucial for life in habitats ranging from the equator to the Poles. Here the authors propose that circannual rhythm generation depends on tissue-autonomous, reiterated cycles of cell division, functional differentiation, and cell death. They see ...
Taghert Paul H - - 2011
Circadian (∼24 hour) pacemaking mechanisms exist within single cells. Which cellular properties contrive to produce a precise clockworks, and which cell properties are downstream of it? The literature is conflicted as to whether membrane excitability contributes to the mechanism. Now, a new conditional genetic strategy argues excitability is largely dispensable.
Sánchez-Sánchez Ana M - - 2011
Abstract Melatonin is an endogenous indolamine classically known as a light/dark regulator. Besides classical functions, melatonin has also showed to have a wide range of antitumoral effects in numerous cancer experimental models. However, no definite mechanism has been described to explain the whole range of antineoplasic effects. Here we describe ...
Eriksson Maria E - - 2011
Changes in temperature present the cells of plants with particular challenges. Fortunately, many changes in temperature can be anticipated due to the rhythms of day/night and the seasons. To anticipate changes in the environment most organisms have a circadian clock to optimize daily and seasonal timing of gene expression, metabolism, ...
Gu X - - 2012
Circadian oscillation and cell cycle progression are the two most essential rhythmic events present in almost all organisms. Circadian rhythms keep track of time and provide temporal regulation with a period of about 24 h. The cell cycle is optimized for growth and division, but not for time keeping. Circadian gated ...
Chu Guiyan - - 2011
Ovarian development is related to cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of granulosa cells and luteal cells under the control of various modulators, including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and growth factors. In the present study, the expression of clock genes and the related regulation mechanism were analyzed in different ...
Nian Hong - - 2011
To determine how the activation of γδ T cells affects the generation of uveitogenic αβ T cells and the development of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). γδ T cells were isolated from B6 mice immunized with the uveitogenic peptide IRBP(1-20) and αβ T cells from immunized TCR-δ(-/-) mice. Resting γδ T ...
Beaulé Christian - - 2011
In vitro assays have localized circadian pacemakers to individual cells, revealed genetic determinants of rhythm generation, identified molecular players in cell-cell synchronization and determined physiological events regulated by circadian clocks. Although they allow strict control of experimental conditions and reduce the number of variables compared with in vivo studies, they ...
Shukla Pragya - - 2011
Proteins in tissue obtained from human skin and oral mucosa have shown a significant circadian rhythm, with the peak expression of p27 at 6:00 AM (early G1-phase marker), p53 at 10:50 AM (late G1-phase marker) and cyclin-E at 2:50 PM (S-phase marker). Patients irradiated in late afternoon/evening have shown a ...
Biggs M J P MJ Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, Schapiro CEPSR, 530 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA. - - 2011
T-cell activation via antigen presentation is associated with the formation of a macromolecular membrane assembly termed the immunological synapse (IS). The genesis of the IS and the onset of juxtacrine signalling is characterized by the formation of cell membrane microclusters and the organization of such into segregated microdomains. A central ...
Hu Dong D Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United - - 2011
The function of APC/C (anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome) was initially implicated with the onset of anaphase during mitosis, where its association with Cdc20 targets securin for destruction, thereby allowing the separation of two duplicated daughter genomes. When combined with Cdh1, APC regulates G1/S transition and DNA replication during cell cycle. Beyond cell ...
Meyer Hermann-Josef - - 2011
Progression through mitosis requires the sequential ubiquitination of cell cycle regulators by the anaphase-promoting complex, resulting in their proteasomal degradation. Although several mechanisms contribute to APC/C regulation during mitosis, the APC/C is able to discriminate between its many substrates by exploiting differences in the processivity of ubiquitin chain assembly. Here, ...
Tudzarova Slavica - - 2011
During cell proliferation, the abundance of the glycolysis-promoting enzyme, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase, isoform 3 (PFKFB3), is controlled by the ubiquitin ligase APC/C-Cdh1 via a KEN box. We now demonstrate in synchronized HeLa cells that PFKFB3, which appears in mid-to-late G1, is essential for cell division because its silencing prevents progression into S ...
Chou Hsini - - 2011
The conserved anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) system mediates protein degradation during mitotic progression. Conserved coactivators Cdc20p and Cdh1p regulate the APC/C during early to late mitosis and G(1) phase. Candida albicans is an important fungal pathogen of humans, and it forms highly polarized cells when mitosis is blocked through depletion of ...
Smolders Linda - - 2011
The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase involved in regulation of the cell cycle through ubiquitination-dependent substrate proteolysis. Many viral proteins have been shown to interact with the APC/C, derailing cell cycle progression in order to facilitate their own replication. Induction of G(2)/M arrest by viral APC/C inhibition ...
Calabia-Linares Carmen - - 2011
Antigen-specific cognate interaction of T lymphocytes with antigen-presenting cells (APCs) drives major morphological and functional changes in T cells, including actin rearrangements at the immune synapse (IS) formed at the cell-cell contact area. Here we show, using cell lines as well as primary cells, that clathrin, a protein involved in ...
Ashman Robert F - - 2011
Toll-like receptor (TLR)9 performs our innate response to bacterial DNA, warning us of the presence of infection. Inhibitory oligodeoxyribonucleotides (INH-ODN) have been developed that selectively block activation of mouse TLR9. Their inhibitory motif consisting of CCx(not-C)(not-C)xxGGG (x = any base) also reduces anti-DNA antibodies in lupus mice. The current study ...
Chow Jeremy P H - - 2011
The current paradigm states that exit from mitosis is triggered by the ubiquitin ligase anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) acting in concert with an activator called CDC20. While this has been well established for a number of systems, the evidence of a critical role of CDC20 in somatic cells is not unequivocal. ...
Takao Masashi - - 2011
Circulating tumor cells (CTC) are an important biomarker for several solid cancers. Most of the commercially available systems for enumeration of CTC are based on immunomagnetic enrichment of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM/CD326)-expressing CTC before microscopic cell imaging or reverse-transcription PCR (RT-PCR). The aim of this study was to establish ...
Song Ling - - 2011
By orchestrating the sequential degradation of a large number of cell cycle regulators, the ubiquitin ligase anaphase-promoting complex (APC/C) is essential for proliferation in all eukaryotes. The correct timing of APC/C-dependent substrate degradation, a critical feature of progression through mitosis, was long known to be controlled by mechanisms targeting the ...
Wu Shumin - - 2011
The ability of eukaryotes to alter chromatin structure and function is modulated, in part, by histone-modifying enzymes and the post-translational modifications they create. One of these enzymes, PR-Set7/Set8/KMT5a, is the sole histone methyltransferase responsible for the monomethylation of histone H4 lysine 20 (H4K20me1) in higher eukaryotes. Both PR-Set7 and H4K20me1 ...
Jia Lan - - 2011
Biomimetic acryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (APC) was used to react with generation 5 poly(amido amine) (PAMAM) dendrimers (G5) via the Michael addition reaction between primary amino group of PAMAM dendrimers and acrylic functional group of APC. FTIR and (1)H NMR confirmed the success of surface modification of G5. The primary amino and ...
da Silva M B - - 2010
Clonal kidney cells (Vero cells) are extensively utilized in the manufacture of biological preparations for disease diagnostics and therapeutics and also in preparation of vaccines. In all cells, regulation of volume is an essential function coupled to a variety of physiological processes and is a topic of interest. The objective ...
Colbert Marie-Josée - - 2010
The interaction of living cells with their environment is linked to their adhesive and elastic properties. Even if the mechanics of simple lipid membranes is fairly well understood, the analysis of single cell experiments remains challenging in part because of the mechanosensory response of cells to their environment. To study ...
Hoffmann Sabrina S Division of Molecular Immunology, German Cancer Research Center DKFZ, 69120 Heidelberg, - - 2011
T-cell recognition of peptide-MHC complexes on APCs requires cell-cell interactions. The molecular events leading to T-cell activation have been extensively investigated, but the underlying physical binding forces between T-cells and APCs are largely unknown. We used single cell force spectroscopy for quantitation of interaction forces between T-cells and APCs presenting ...
Radniecki Tyler S - - 2011
Nitrosomonas europaea, a model ammonia oxidizing bacterium, was exposed to a wide variety of aromatic hydrocarbons in 3 h batch assays. The expression of NE1545, a phenol sentinel gene involved in fatty acid metabolism, was monitored via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and a Coulter Counter technique was used ...
Hoffmann E K - - 2011
Cell volume homeostasis and its fine-tuning to the specific physiological context at any given moment are processes fundamental to normal cell function. The understanding of cell volume regulation owes much to August Krogh, yet has advanced greatly over the last decades. In this review, we outline the historical context of ...
Sikandar Shaheen - - 2010
Colorectal cancer metastatic recurrence and chemoresistance are major causes of morbidity and mortality. Colon cancer initiating cells (CCIC) are thought to contribute to both these processes. To identify drugs with anti-CCIC activity we screened a number of FDA approved and investigational compounds. We found that the class I selective histone ...
Visvanathan C - - 2011
Two landfill test cells were constructed in a tropical climate using locally available low-cost materials. One cell was operated without a cover on the municipal solid waste to simulate 'open landfill' conditions and the other cell was covered to create 'closed landfill' conditions. Both test cells were monitored over a ...
Wirkes André - - 2010
Alveolar epithelial (AE) surface area is closely correlated with body mass (BM) in mammals. The AE is covered by a surfactant layer produced by alveolar epithelial type II (AE2) cells. We hypothesized that the total number of AE2 cells and the volume of intracellular surfactant-storing lamellar bodies (Lb) are correlated ...
- - 2010
The cover shows cardiomyogenesis of alphaMHC-GFP ES cells, carried out in the absence of endostatin. Please see article in this issue by Chen et al, pages 29-39.
Gregg Jennifer L - - 2010
Cell volume is one of the basic characteristics of a cell and is being extensively studied in relationship to a variety of processes, such as proliferation, apoptosis, fertility, or locomotion. At the same time, its measurement under a microscope has not been well developed. The method we propose uses negative ...
De Mello W C - - 2010
The influence of extracellular and intracellular angiotensin II (Ang II) on the cell volume in the failing heart of cardiomyopathic hamsters (TO2) was further investigated as well as the influence of aldosterone and spironolactone on the Ang II action on cell volume. Measurements of cell width and area of quiescent ...
Li Bingbing - - 2010
Stomatal movement results in large and repetitive changes in cell volume and consequently surface area. While endocytosis has been extensively studied and is thought to be a major mechanism for accommodating the volume changes as evidenced mainly by fluorescent labelling and confocal imaging, studies at the ultrastructural level in intact ...
Pavillon Nicolas - - 2010
The authors have developed a live-cell multimodality microscope combining epifluorescence with digital holographic microscopy; it has been implemented with a decoupling procedure allowing to separately measure from the quantitative phase important cell parameters including absolute volume, shape and integral intracellular refractive index. In combination with the numerous different specific fluorescent ...
Bush Peter G - - 2010
The mechanisms that underlie growth plate chondrocyte volume increase and hence bone lengthening are poorly understood. Many cell types activate the Na-K-Cl cotransporter (NKCC) to bring about volume increase. We hypothesised that NKCC may be responsible for the volume expansion of hypertrophic chondrocytes. Metatarsals/metacarpals from 16 rat pups (P(7)) were ...
Purkerson Jeffrey M - - 2010
It is well known that acid/base disturbances modulate proton/bicarbonate transport in the cortical collecting duct. To study the adaptation further we measured the effect of three days of acidosis followed by the rapid recovery from this acidosis on the number and type of intercalated cells in the rabbit cortical collecting ...
Holtzclaw J David - - 2010
Large-conductance, calcium-activated potassium channels (BK) are expressed in principal cells (PC) and intercalated cells (IC) in mammalian nephrons as BK-alpha/beta1 and BK-alpha/beta4, respectively. IC, which protrude into the lumens of tubules, express substantially more BK than PC despite lacking sufficient Na-K-ATPase to support K secretion. We previously showed in mice ...
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