Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1831
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Akimova Olga A - - 2008
The cytotoxic effect of long-term exposure of renal epithelial cells to ouabain and other cardiotonic steroids (CTS) is mediated by the interaction of these compounds with Na(+),K(+)-ATPase but is independent of the inhibition of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase-mediated ion fluxes. Sustained application of CTS also leads to Na(+),K(+)-ATPase endocytosis and its translocation into ...
Ross Sandra B - - 2007
Despite intensive research, brain tumors remain among the most difficult type of malignancies to treat, due largely to their diffusely invasive nature and the associated difficulty of adequate surgical resection. To migrate through the brain parenchyma and to proliferate, glioma cells must be capable of significant changes in shape and ...
Cooper Trevor G - - 2007
The osmotic challenges facing maturing spermatozoa and their responses to them are discussed in relation to the concept of sperm maturation, defined as the increased ability of more distally recovered epididymal spermatozoa to fertilize eggs when inseminated into the female tract. One explanation could be that the more distal cells ...
Jorgensen Paul - - 2007
It is not known how the volume of the cell nucleus is set, nor how the ratio of nuclear volume to cell volume (N/C) is determined. Here, we have measured the size of the nucleus in growing cells of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Analysis of mutant yeast strains spanning ...
vanTol Brenna L - - 2007
Using the human mammary epithelial cell line MCF-7, we have investigated volume-activated changes in response to hyposmotic stress. Switching MCF-7 cells from an isosmotic to a hyposmotic solution resulted in an initial cell swelling response, followed by a regulatory volume decrease (RVD). This RVD response was inhibited by the nonselective ...
Obata Toshihiro - - 2007
We screened a rice (Oryza sativa L. 'Nipponbare') full-length cDNA expression library through functional complementation in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) to find novel cation transporters involved in salt tolerance. We found that expression of a cDNA clone, encoding the rice homolog of Shaker family K(+) channel KAT1 (OsKAT1), suppressed the salt-sensitive ...
Kim Jong-yoon - - 2007
The leaf-cutter bee, Megachile tsurugensis, builds a brood cell in a preexisting tunnel with leaf discs that she cuts in decreasing sizes and assembles them like a Russian matryoshka doll. By experimentally manipulating the brood cell, it was investigated how she regulates the size of leaf discs that fit in ...
Belsey Mark J - - 2007
Cell swelling is associated with the activation of an increase in the osmosensitive taurine release (OTR) rate, which serves to decrease cell volume as part of a process known as regulatory volume decrease. OTR, which is sensitive to many pharmacological agents including anion channel blockers and signalling pathway modulators, has ...
Nielsen Doris K - - 2007
The labelling pattern of cellular phosphoinositides (PtdInsP(n)) was studied in Ehrlich ascites cells labelled in vivo for 24 h with myo-[2-(3)H]- or l-myo-[1-(3)H]inositol and exposed to anisotonic or isosmotic volume perturbations. In parallel experiments the cell volume ([(14)C]3-OMG space) was monitored. In hypotonic media the cells initially swelled osmotically and ...
Yin W - - 2007
Human T-cell leukemia is a malignant disease that needs various regimens of cytotoxic chemotherapy to overcome drug resistance. Recently, Na(+),K(+)-ATPase has emerged as a potential target for cancer therapy. However, its exact signaling pathway in human T-cell leukemia cell death has not been well defined. In the current study, we ...
Günther Theodor - - 2007
Experiments, results and conclusions on Na+/Mg2, antiport in lymphocytes, HL60 cells, Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, platelets, pancreatic acinar cells, sublingual acini, hepatocytes, ruminal epithelial cells, kidney cells, smooth muscle cells, heart muscle cells and skeletal muscle cells were reviewed. Only in a few experiments was the Mg2+ efflux via the ...
Shen Chengcheng - - 2007
We describe a new assay to determine the fraction of cardiac Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchangers (NCX1) in the surface membrane of cells (F(surf)). An extracellular NCX1 disulphide bond is rapidly reduced by tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine hydrochloride (TCEP), cysteines are 'PEGylated' by alkylation with an impermeable conjugate of maleimide and a 5000 MW polyethylene glycol ...
Lee Robert J - - 2007
Airway submucosal glands are sites of high expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel and contribute to fluid homeostasis in the lung. However, the molecular mechanisms of gland ion and fluid transport are poorly defined. Here, submucosal gland serous acinar cells were isolated from murine airway, ...
Burt Sara A - - 2007
Carvacrol is known to inhibit a number of food borne pathogens. The activity of carvacrol vapour was evaluated against S. enterica serotype Enteritidis on tryptone soya agar and on pieces of raw chicken. On agar, the size of the inhibition zone increased with decreasing volume of agar, increasing vapour exposure ...
Chvátal Alexandr - - 2007
Pathological states in the central nervous system lead to dramatic changes in the activity of neuroactive substances in the extracellular space, to changes in ionic homeostasis and often to cell swelling. To quantify changes in cell morphology over a certain period of time, we employed a new technique, three-dimensional confocal ...
Koizumi Keiichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to examine whether stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) affects cardiomyocytes under physiological or pathophysiological conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using fresh isolated rat cardiomyocytes, the effects of STC1 on cell hypercontracture, cell shortening and Ca(2+) transients were measured after exposing the cells to ouabain. STC1 ...
Habela Christa W CW Department of Neurobiology, Center for Glial Biology in Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2007
Cell growth and osmotic volume regulation are undoubtedly linked to the progression of the cell cycle as with each division, a newly generated cell must compensate for loss of half of its volume to its sister cell. The extent to which size influences cell cycle decisions, however, is controversial in ...
Chen L X - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Previously it has been shown, that the volume-activated plasma membrane chloride channel is associated with regulatory volume decrease (RVD) of cells and may play an important role in control of cell proliferation. We have demonstrated that both expression of the channel and RVD capacity are actively regulated in the ...
Fabricius Katrine - - 2007
AIMS: To study if the total glial cell population in the neocortex is intact in subjects with a history of severe alcohol abuse compared to control subjects. Further, to investigate whether the cortical nerve cell nuclei and nerve cell perikarya volumes are the same in chronic alcoholic subjects as in ...
Savage Van M - - 2007
The size and metabolic rate of cells affect processes from the molecular to the organismal level. We present a quantitative, theoretical framework for studying relationships among cell volume, cellular metabolic rate, body size, and whole-organism metabolic rate that helps reveal the feedback between these levels of organization. We use this ...
Baumann Bernd - - 2007
A procedure for the numerical calculation of photoacoustic signals is introduced. It is based on the finite element method and uses an expansion of the signal into acoustic eigenmodes of the measuring cell. Loss is included by the incorporation of quality factors. Surface and volume loss effects attributable to viscosity ...
Pedrosa Rui - - 2007
The present study evaluates the presence and functional proprieties of the Na(+)-HCO(3)(-) cotransporter (NBC) in immortalized renal proximal tubular epithelial cells from spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. The expected size and nucleotide sequence of a 1031-bp fragment corresponding to type 1 NBC (NBC1) was identified in both ...
Hernández Julio A - - 2007
The conservation of the cell volume within values compatible with the overall cell functions represents an ubiquitous property, shared by cells comprising the whole biological world. Water transport across membranes constitutes the main process associated to the dynamics of the cell volume, its chronic and acute regulations therefore represent crucial ...
Xue Jin - - 2007
Besides being a intracellular pH (pHi) regulator, Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE)1 has recently been postulated as a membrane scaffold that assembles protein complexes and coordinates various signaling pathways. The aim of the present study was to uncover NHE1 interactive partners and study their functional implications. NHE1 interactive partners were screened in ...
Surín Stanislav - - 2007
A spontaneous mutant of Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus resistant to the Na+/H+ antiporter inhibitor amiloride was isolated. The Na+/H+ exchanger activity in the mutant cells was remarkably decreased in comparison with wild-type cells. Methanogenesis rates in the mutant strain were higher than wild-type cells and resistant to the inhibitory effect of 2 ...
Endo Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: IL-9 and IL-13 induce airway goblet cell metaplasia, which is associated with expression of a Ca(2+)-activated Cl channel, hCLCA1. OBJECTIVE: As UTP stimulates both mucin secretion and Cl ion transport via a Ca(2+)-dependent pathway, the purpose of this study is to determine whether IL-9 and IL-13 affect UTP-induced Cl ...
Ernest Nola Jean NJ Department of Neurobiology, The Civitan International Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, CIRC 425, 1719 6th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2007
Mammalian cells regulate their volume to prevent unintentional changes in intracellular signaling, cell metabolism, and DNA integrity. Intentional cell volume changes occur as cells undergo proliferation, apoptosis, or cell migration. To regulate cell volume, cells use channels and transport systems to flux osmolytes across the plasma membrane followed by the ...
Depeursinge Christian C Institute of Applied Optics, Laboratoire d'optique appliquée, Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, - - 2007
Digital holographic microscopy (DHM) is applied to life sciences applications and demonstrate its capability of real-time imaging and quantitative measurements of physiological parameters such as cell volume or mean cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) of erythrocyte cells. DHM has the advantage to be non-invasive (no phototoxicity, no contrast agents) and allows ...
Lim Christina H - - 2007
Most cells have to perform their physiological functions under a variable osmotic stress, which, because of the relatively high permeability of the plasma membrane for water, may result in frequent alterations in cell size. Intestinal epithelial cells are especially prone to changes in cell volume because of their high capacity ...
Papakonstanti Evangelia A - - 2007
Since the early days of cell volume regulation research, the role of actin cytoskeleton organization and rearrangement has attracted specific interest. Rapid modifications in actin dynamics and architecture have been described. They were shown to regulate cell volume changes, as well as regulatory volume decrease in a large variety of ...
Graves Steven W - - 2007
Preeclampsia is a disease characterized by hypertension and proteinuria but can manifest many abnormalities. Some of the best documented alterations involve changes in the handling of sodium ion both on the systemic and on the cellular level. There is broad agreement that the components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone pathway are markedly ...
Mathern Gary W - - 2007
This study compared MRI cerebral volumes and Neuronal-Nuclei (NeuN) cell densities in pediatric epilepsy surgery patients with cortical dysplasia (CD; n = 25) and hemimegalencephaly (HME; n = 14). Our purpose was to deduce possible mechanisms of pathogenesis and epileptogenesis based on an understanding of normal developmental corticoneurogenesis. We used ...
Stock Christian - - 2007
Extracellular pH and the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE1) modulate tumor cell migration. Yet, the pH nanoenvironment at the outer surface of the cell membrane (pH(em)) where cell/matrix interaction occurs and matrix metalloproteinases work was never measured. We present a method to measure this pH nanoenvironment using proton-sensitive dyes to label the ...
Mao Jianwen - - 2007
Cell migration is crucial for tumor metastasis. Membrane ion channels may play a major role in tumor cell migration because the cells must undergo changes in shape and volume during migration. In the present study, we used the transwell migration assay, an in vitro model for cell migration, and the ...
Hubert Marcy D - - 2007
The goal of this study was to assess the effect of extracellular glucose and K+ ((K)o) on the intracellular osmolyte content and cell volume maintenance and regulation in a human embryonic kidney cell line (tsA201a). Cell volume maintenance was studied by isotonic (313 +/- 5 mOsm) replacement of culture media ...
Lang Florian - - 2007
Alterations of cell volume are key events during both cell proliferation and apoptotic cell death. Cell proliferation eventually requires an increase of cell volume, and apoptosis is typically paralleled by cell shrinkage. Alterations of cell volume require the participation of ion transport across the cell membrane, including appropriate activity of ...
Gardner David K - - 2007
Because metabolism is fundamental to the successful functioning of a cell, perturbations in metabolism can signal compromised viability. For the assessment of viability, analyses not only must be sensitive enough to be employed at the single cell level, but also noninvasive. Ultramicrofluorescence is a technique that fulfills both criteria. By ...
Miguel Amparo - - 2007
The automated hematology cell analyzer Coulter LH 750 (Beckman Coulter, Brea, CA, USA) uses a combination of 3 measurements-volume, conductivity, and scatter-to identify cells, but it could take advantage of these parameters to evaluate their morphologic changes. The neutrophil mean cell volume (MNEV), mean cell conductivity (MNEC), and mean cell ...
Arduini Arduino - - 2007
L-Carnitine (LC) in the preservation medium during storage of red blood cells (RBC) can improve the mean 24-hr percent recovery in vivo and increase RBC life-span after reinfusion. The purpose of the study was to investigate the differences in the biochemical properties of RBCs stored in the presence or absence ...
Schneider Juliane - - 2007
Hallmarks of apoptosis include cell shrinkage, which is at least partially due to cellular K(+) loss. The decline of cellular K(+) concentration has been suggested to participate in the triggering of apoptosis. Suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis is triggered by increased cytosolic Ca(2+) activity leading to activation of Ca(2+)-sensitive K(+) ...
Nguyen Anh-Nguyet T - - 2007
In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), cyst formation and enlargement require proliferation of mural renal epithelial cells and the transepithelial secretion of fluid into the cyst cavity. Na,K-ATPase is essential for solute and water transport in ADPKD cells, and ouabain blocks fluid secretion in these cells. By binding to ...
Takayanagi Takatoshi - - 2007
Both coccolith-bearing cells (C-cells) and naked cells (N-cells) of the coccolithophorid Pleurochrysis haptonemofera can grow in salinities of more than 7 per thousand (about 20% of a "normal" sea water salinity [35 per thousand]), with the highest growth rates in salinities of more than 14 per thousand. Microscopic observations of ...
Renaudo Adrien - - 2007
The sigma-1 receptor is an intracellular protein characterized as a tumor biomarker whose function remains mysterious. We demonstrate herein for the first time that highly selective sigma ligands inhibit volume-regulated chloride channels (VRCC) in small cell lung cancer and T-leukemia cells. Sigma ligands and VRCC blockers provoked a cell cycle ...
Maeno Emi - - 2006
Sustained cell shrinkage is a major hallmark of apoptotic cell death. In apoptotic cells, whole cell volume reduction, called apoptotic volume decrease (AVD), proceeds until fragmentation of cells. Under non-apoptotic conditions, human epithelial HeLa cells exhibited a slow regulatory volume increase (RVI) after osmotic shrinkage induced by exposure to hypertonic ...
Bachmann Oliver - - 2007
We have previously shown that stimulation of acid secretion in parietal cells causes rapid initial cell shrinkage, followed by Na(+)/H(+) exchange-mediated regulatory volume increase (RVI). The factors leading to the initial cell shrinkage are unknown. We therefore monitored volume changes in cultured rabbit parietal cells by confocal measurement of the ...
Karl Mike O - - 2007
Activation of A1 and A2A subtype adenosine receptors (AR) likely exert opposing effects on outflow of aqueous humor, and thereby, on intraocular pressure. Selective agonists of adenosine receptor (AR) subtypes have previously been applied to trabecular meshwork (TM) and Schlemm's canal (SC) cells to identify the site(s) of differential purinergic ...
Iordache Claudiu - - 2007
Butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), produced by colonic bacterial flora, affect numerous epithelial cell functions. To better understand how SCFA regulate ion transport, we investigated the effects of 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) on Na(+) absorption in T84 cells. Under standard cell culture conditions, the short circuit current did not display ...
Arystarkhova Elena - - 2007
Functional properties of Na-K-ATPase can be modified by association with FXYD proteins, expressed in a tissue-specific manner. Here we show that expression of FXYDs in cell lines does not necessarily parallel the expression pattern of FXYDs in the tissue(s) from which the cells originate. While being expressed only in lacis ...
Díaz-Elizondo Jessica - - 2006
Cells have developed compensatory mechanisms to restore cell volume, and the ability to resist osmotic swelling or shrinkage parallels their resistance to necrosis or apoptosis. There are several mechanisms by which cells adapt to hyposmotic stress including that of regulatory volume decrease. In ischemia and reperfusion, cardiomyocytes are exposed to ...
Hansen Ann-Kristin - - 2007
The amount of aquaporins present and the cellular ability to perform regulatory volume changes are likely to be important for fluid secretions from exocrine glands. In this work these phenomena were studied in an SV40 immortalized rat submandibular acinar cell line. The regulatory cell volume characteristics have not previously been ...
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