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Berner, Tamar
Branches of the hermatypic coral Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus) were exposed for 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks to ammonium concentrations of < 1 uM (nutrient-stripped), 2 uM (seawater as a control), 20 uM, and 50 uM (enriched), after which their symbiotic zooxanthellae were examined for changes in their ultrastructure. No ...
Danova-Alt Ralitza - - 2008
Phosphite (Phi, H(2)PO(3)(-)), being the active part of several fungicides, has been shown to influence not only the fungal metabolism but also the development of phosphate-deficient plants. However, the mechanism of phosphite effects on plants is still widely unknown. In this paper we analysed uptake, subcellular distribution and metabolic effects ...
Kiama S G - - 2008
In mammals, surface macrophages (SMs) play a foremost role in protecting the respiratory system by engulfing and destroying inhaled pathogens and harmful particulates. However, in birds, the direct defense role(s) that SMs perform remains ambiguous. Paucity and even lack of SMs have been reported in the avian respiratory system. It ...
Numata Tomohiro - - 2008
Cell shrinkage is one of the earliest events during apoptosis. Cell shrinkage also occurs upon hypertonic stress, and previous work has shown that hypertonicity-induced cation channels (HICCs) underlie a highly efficient mechanism of recovery from cell shrinkage, called the regulatory volume increase (RVI), in many cell types. Here, the effects ...
Klayman Benjamin J - - 2008
Quantitative descriptions of biofilm growth and dynamics at the individual cell level are largely missing from the literature. To fill this gap, research was done to describe growth, accumulation and displacement patterns in developing Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. A parent strain of PAO1 was labelled with either a cyan or yellow ...
Hirai, Narisato
Distributional changes in branchial chloride cells were examined in Japanese sea bass (Lateolabrax japonicus) juveniles transferred from seawater (SW) to fresh water (FW) during their migration season toward low salinity habitat in nature. Chloride cells were identified by immunocytochemistry with a specific antiserum for Na+,K+-ATPase. In fish reared in SW ...
De Mello Walmor C - - 2008
The influence of intracellular renin plus angiotensinogen (Ao) as well as angiotensin (Ang) II on cell volume was investigated in myocytes isolated from the heart of four-month-old cardiomyopathic hamsters (TO-2) and normal hamsters (F1B). Measurements of cell width and cell length were performed on quiescent cells using a Px-it imaging ...
Donaldson Paul J - - 2009
Lens transparency is critically dependent on the maintenance of an ordered tissue architecture, and disruption of this order leads to light scatter and eventually lens cataract. Hence the volume of the fiber cells that make up the bulk of the lens needs to be tightly regulated if lens transparency is ...
Schelling Jeffrey R - - 2008
Na(+)/H(+) exchanger-1 (NHE1) is a ubiquitous plasma membrane Na(+)/H(+) exchanger typically associated with maintenance of intracellular volume and pH. In addition to the NHE1 role in electroneutral Na(+)/H(+) transport, in renal tubular epithelial cells in vitro the polybasic, juxtamembrane NHE1 cytosolic tail domain acts as a scaffold, by binding with ...
Che Xiao-Fang - - 2008
The intracellular pH (pHi) of cancer cells such as the KB-3-1 (human epidermoid carcinoma cell line) and K562 cells (human chronic myeloid leukemia cell line) cultured in a medium (pH 7.4) was found to be much higher (pH 7.65 and 7.8, respectively) than that of normal cells (pHi is usually ...
Akimova Olga A - - 2008
The mechanisms of cell death signaling triggered by cardiotonic steroids are poorly understood. Based on massive detachment of ouabain-treated Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, it may be proposed that the cytotoxic action of these compounds is mediated by anoikis, i.e. a particular mode of death occurring in cells lacking cell-to-extracellular ...
Clausell-Tormos Jenifer - - 2008
High-throughput, cell-based assays require small sample volumes to reduce assay costs and to allow for rapid sample manipulation. However, further miniaturization of conventional microtiter plate technology is problematic due to evaporation and capillary action. To overcome these limitations, we describe droplet-based microfluidic platforms in which cells are grown in aqueous ...
Chou Chung-Lin - - 2008
Collecting duct cells swell when exposed to arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the presence of a transepithelial osmolality gradient. We investigated the mechanisms of AVP-induced cell swelling in isolated, perfused rat inner medullary collecting ducts (IMCDs) using quantitative video microscopy and fluorescence-based measurements of transepithelial water transport. We tested the roles ...
Berthier Erwin - - 2008
Cell based microassays allow the screening of a multitude of culture conditions in parallel, which can be used for various applications from drug screening to fundamental cell biology research. Tubeless microfluidic devices based on passive pumping are a step towards accessible high throughput microassays, however they are vulnerable to evaporation. ...
Dismuke William M - - 2008
Nitric oxide (NO) donors decrease intraocular pressure (IOP) by increasing aqueous outflow facility in the trabecular meshwork (TM) and/or Schlemm's canal. However, the cellular mechanisms are unknown. Cellular mechanisms known to regulate outflow facility include changes in cell volume and cellular contractility. In this study, we investigated the effects of ...
Papassavas A C - - 2008
This study was designed to maximize the recovery of the desirable cell populations contained in the cord blood (CB) freezing bag, in order to optimize donor selection for adolescents and adults. To evaluate this hypothesis, high volume CB units (CBUs) were categorized into three volume collection groups (120-139, 140-159 and ...
Simão Sónia - - 2008
The present study evaluated the activity of Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger and the abundance of Slc26a6 in immortalized renal proximal tubular epithelial (PTE) cells from the Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and identified the signaling pathways that regulate the activity of the transporter. The affinity for HCO(3)(-) was identical ...
Yamada Masumi - - 2008
We present herein a simple but versatile microfluidic system for the treatment of cells with millisecond chemical stimulus, by rapidly exchanging the carrier-medium of cells twice in a microchannel. A technique we refer to as 'hydrodynamic filtration' has been employed for the exchange of medium, in which the virtual width ...
Roca-Cusachs Pere - - 2008
Shape-dependent local differentials in cell proliferation are considered to be a major driving mechanism of structuring processes in vivo, such as embryogenesis, wound healing, and angiogenesis. However, the specific biophysical signaling by which changes in cell shape contribute to cell cycle regulation remains poorly understood. Here, we describe our study ...
Asthana Ravi K - - 2008
Salt tolerance, a multigenic trait, necessitates knowledge about biosynthesis and function of candidate gene(s) at the cellular level. Among the osmolytes, trehalose biosynthesis in cyanobacteria facing NaCl stress is little understood. Anabaena 7120 filaments exposed to 150 mM: NaCl fragmented and recovered on transfer to -NaCl medium with the increased ...
Lin Tzung-Yi - - 2008
H(+)-ATPase-rich (HR) cells in zebrafish gills/skin were found to carry out Na+ uptake and acid-base regulation through a mechanism similar to that which occurs in mammalian proximal tubular cells. However, the roles of carbonic anhydrases (CAs) in this mechanism in zebrafish HR cells are still unclear. The present study used ...
Bush Peter G - - 2008
Bone elongation is predominantly driven by the volume expansion of growth plate chondrocytes. This mechanism was initially believed to be "hypertrophy", describing a proportional increase of cell water and organelles. However, morphometrical analysis subsequently assumed the increase to be "swelling", resulting in a disproportionate increase of cell water (osmotically active ...
Brown Sean G - - 2008
Analysis of membrane currents recorded from hormone-deprived H441 cells showed that the membrane potential (V(m)) in single cells (approximately -80 mV) was unaffected by lowering [Na+]o or [Cl(-)]o, indicating that cellular Na+ and Cl(-) conductances (GNa and GCl, respectively) are negligible. Although insulin (20 nM, approximately 24 h) and dexamethasone ...
Chantal Billard
<i>Amphidinium herdamanae</i><br>Here among <i>Pleurochrysis pseudoroscoffensis</i> cells.
Korzekwa A J - - 2008
Prostaglandin F(2 alpha) (PGF(2 alpha)) is a main luteolytic factor in vivo; however, its direct luteolytic influence on steroidogenic cells of bovine corpus luteum (CL) is controversial and not fully understood. The aim of the study was to clarify PGF(2 alpha) action on bovine CL in different in vivo and ...
Uddin M N - - 2008
Marinobufagenin (MBG) is an endogenous mammalian cardiotonic steroid that is involved in the inhibition of the sodium pump Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase. Increased plasma levels of MBG have been reported in patients with volume expansion-mediated hypertension and preeclampsia. We have recently demonstrated that MBG impairs both the proliferation and growth factor-induced migration of ...
Mao Jianwen - - 2008
Recent studies suggest that chloride (Cl-) channels regulate tumor cell migration. In this report, we have used antisense oligonucleotides specific for ClC-3, the most likely molecular candidate for the volume-activated Cl- channel, to investigate the role of ClC-3 in the migration of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells (CNE-2Z) in vitro. We found ...
Kim J Y - - 2008
In this paper, we present a novel microfluidic system with pulsatile cell storing, cell-delivering and cell culturing functions on a single PDMS platform. For this purpose, we have integrated two reservoirs, a pulsatile pumping system containing two soft check valves, which were fabricated by in situ photopolymerization, six switch valves, ...
Tang Cheng-Hao - - 2008
The aim of this study was to illustrate the phenotypic modification of mitochondrion-rich (MR) cells and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) responses, including relative protein abundance, specific activity, and immunolocalization in gills of euryhaline tilapia exposed to deionized water (DW) for one week. The plasma osmolality was not significantly different between tilapia of ...
Bortner Carl D - - 2008
Cell shrinkage, or apoptotic volume decrease (AVD), is a ubiquitous characteristic of programmed cell death that is independent of the death stimulus and occurs in all examples of apoptosis. Here we distinguished two specific stages of AVD based on cell size and a unique early reversal of intracellular ions that ...
Evgeny I. Solenov
The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of the volume-regulatory response and intracellular sodium concentration ([Na+]i) in the principal cells of rat kidney outer medulla collecting duct (OMCD) epithelia during acute swelling in hypotonic medium. Hypotonic shock was created by PBS diluted with 50% of water. ...
Bachmann Oliver - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The renal (kNBC1) and intestinal (pNBC1) electrogenic Na+/HCO3- cotransporter variants differ in their primary structure, transport direction, and response to secretagogues. Previous studies have suggested that regulatory differences between the two subtypes can be partially explained by unique consensus phosphorylation sites included in the pNBC1, but not the kNBC1 ...
Vázquez-Juárez Erika - - 2008
Cell volume is determined genetically for each cell lineage, but it is not a static feature of the cell. Intracellular volume is continuously challenged by metabolic reactions, uptake of nutrients, intracellular displacement of molecules and organelles and generation of ionic gradients. Moreover, recent evidence raises the intriguing possibility that changes ...
Solenov Evgeny I - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of the volume-regulatory response and intracellular sodium concentration ([Na(+)](i)) in the principal cells of rat kidney outer medulla collecting duct (OMCD) epithelia during acute swelling in hypotonic medium. Hypotonic shock was created by PBS diluted with 50% of water. ...
Boucrot Emmanuel - - 2008
Using single cell-imaging methods we have found that the volume of adherent cells grown in culture decreases as the cells rounds when it enters mitosis. A minimal volume is reached at metaphase. Rapid volume recovery initiates before abscission as cells make the transition from metaphase to cytokinesis. These volume changes ...
Lin Yun - - 2008
Oleandrin, a cardiac glycoside component of Nerium oleander, has been shown to induce apoptosis in malignant cells. While human tumor cells are very sensitive to growth inhibition by oleandrin, murine tumor cells are extremely resistant. Using human BRO and mouse B16 melanoma cell lines, we explored several possible determinants of ...
Belik Rouslana - - 2008
Human bladder cancer is a common malignant tumor that may be produced by factors such as lifestyle, environment and occupation. The aim of this study was to evaluate parameters related to the viability of exfoliated urothelial cells. Exfoliated urothelial cells were obtained from 83 urine samples of 22 healthy participants ...
Gandini Rosaria - - 2008
ICln is a ubiquitous, multifunctional protein with functions in cell volume regulation and RNA processing, and is thus part of an intricate protein network critically involved in the homoeostasis of cells. To better understand this vital protein network in health and disease it is fundamental to characterize the interactions between ...
Lefranc Florence - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Ion transporters play pivotal roles in cancer cell migration in general and in glioblastomas (GBMs) in particular. However, the specific role of Na/K-ATPase (the sodium pump) and, in particular, its alpha1 subunit, has remained unexplored in GBMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of Na+/K+ -ATPase alpha1 in GBM clinical ...
Pinto Vanda - - 2008
This study evaluated the effects of aldosterone upon Na+/H+ exchange (NHE) activity in immortalized proximal tubular epithelial (PTE) cells from the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and the normotensive controls (Wistar Kyoto rat; WKY). Increases in NHE activity after exposure to aldosterone occurred in time- and concentration-dependent manner in SHR PTE ...
Galizia L - - 2008
We previously reported in a rat cortical collecting duct cell line (RCCD(1)) that the presence of aquaporin 2 (AQP2) in the cell membrane is critical for the rapid activation of regulatory volume decrease mechanisms (RVD) (Ford et al. Biol Cell 97: 687-697, 2005). The aim of our present work was ...
Olsbo, Viktor
In this paper we consider a tessellation V generated by a homogeneous Poisson process Φ in R<sup>d</sup> and, furthermore, the random set of spheres with centres being the points in Φ and having radii equal to half the distance to their closest neighbouring point in Φ. In R<sup>d</sup> we give ...
Huber Michael D - - 2007
Eukaryotic cells have an "awareness" of their volume and organellar volumes, and maintain a nuclear size that is proportional to the total cell size. New studies in budding and fission yeast have examined the relationship between cell and nuclear volumes. It was found that the size of the nucleus remains ...
Katkov Igor I - - 2007
In the companion paper (CryoLetters, 2007, 28:403-408), we reported effects of exposure of two-cell mouse embryos to vitrification solutions containing different vitrificants (EG, PG and DMSO) on the intracellular potassium and sodium content. We also compared exposure of 30% (v:v) ethylene glycol for 1.5 min to the similar experiments with ...
Beltrán Ana Rosa - - 2008
The isoforms of the Na+/H+ exchanger present in T84 human colon cells were identified by functional and molecular methods. Cell pH was measured by fluorescence microscopy using the probe BCECF. Based on the pH recovery after an ammonium pulse and determination of buffering capacity of these cells, the rate of ...
Schliess Freimut - - 2007
Volume changes of mammalian cells as induced by either anisoosmolarity or under isoosmotic conditions by hormones, substrates and oxidative stress critically contribute to the regulation of metabolism, gene expression and the susceptibility to stress. Osmosensing (i.e. the registration of cell volume) triggers signal transduction pathways towards effector sites (osmosignaling), which ...
Ducharme Guillaume - - 2007
The shape and volume of microglia (brain immune cells) change when they activate during brain inflammation and become migratory and phagocytic. Swollen rat microglia express a large Cl(-) current (I(Clswell)), whose biophysical properties and functional roles are poorly understood and whose molecular identity is unknown. We constructed a fingerprint of ...
Lang Florian - - 2007
Survival of human and animal cells requires avoidance of excessive alterations of cell volume. The osmolarity amassed by cellular accumulation of organic substances must be compensated by lowering cytosolic ion concentrations. The Na+/K+ ATPase extrudes Na+ in exchange for K+, which can permeate the cell membrane through K+ channels. K+ ...
Fleming K K - - 2007
Cells are routinely cryopreserved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), a cryoprotective agent, for medical applications. Infusion of a DMSO-laden cell suspension results in adverse patient reactions, but current DMSO extraction processes result in significant cell losses. A diffusion-based numerical model was employed to characterize DMSO extraction in fully developed channel flow ...
Furtner Tanja - - 2007
Microglial cells, monocyte-derived cells in the brain, phagocytose apoptotic and necrotic cells during neurodegenerative processes. As uptake of particles increases cellular volume and swelling-activated chloride channels participate in volume regulation, we investigated the phagocytotic capacity of microglial cells exposed to blockers of swelling-activated chloride channels. We visualized engulfment of hydrophobic ...
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