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Burgess Janette K - - 2009
Asthma is characterized by structural changes in the airways - airway remodelling. These changes include an increase in the bulk of the airway smooth muscle (ASM) and alterations in the profile of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in the airway wall. The mechanisms leading to airway remodelling are not well understood. ...
Lauer Mark E - - 2009
Asthmatic attacks often follow viral infections with subsequent airway smooth muscle cell proliferation and the formation of an abnormal hyaluronan extracellular matrix with infiltrated leukocytes. In this study, we show that murine airway smooth muscle cells (MASM) treated with polyinosinic acid-polycytidylic acid (poly(I,C)), a double-stranded RNA that simulates a viral ...
Lauer Mark E - - 2009
The covalent association of inter-alpha-inhibitor-derived heavy chains (HCs) with hyaluronan was first described in synovial fluid from arthritic patients and later described as a structural and functional component of hyaluronan "cable" structures produced by many different cells and stimuli. HC transfer has been shown to be mediated by the protein ...
Tan Wei - - 2008
Mechanical effects on cells have received more and more attention in the studies of tissue engineering, cellular pathogenesis, and biomedical device design. Anisotropic biaxial cyclic stress, reminiscent of the in vivo cellular mechanical environment, may promise significant implications for biotechnology and human health. We have designed, fabricated and characterized a ...
Zhang Feng - - 2008
Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a crucial event in cardiovascular diseases. Isorhynchophylline, an alkaloid from a traditional Chinese medicine Gambirplant, has been used to treat cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of isorhynchophylline on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced proliferation of rat ...
Rescan Pierre-Yves - - 2008
Recent research has significantly broadened our understanding of how the teleost somite is patterned to achieve embryonic and postembryonic myogenesis. Medial (adaxial) cells and posterior cells of the early epithelial somite generate embryonic superficial slow and deep fast muscle fibers, respectively, whereas anterior somitic cells move laterally to form an ...
Hwang Jin-Yong JY Hope Heart Program, Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98101, - - 2008
Galactosamine-containing glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), such as the chondroitin sulfate chains of the proteoglycan versican, have been shown to inhibit elastogenesis. Another proteoglycan that may influence elastogenesis is biglycan, which possesses two GAG chains. To assess the importance of these chains on elastogenesis in blood vessels, rat aortic smooth muscle cells were ...
Chahine Mirna N - - 2009
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis partly through an action on cell proliferation and cell apoptosis. Nuclear protein import (NPI) is critical in regulating gene expression, transcription, and subsequently cell proliferation and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to determine if ...
Wang JianFei - - 2008
Hypertrophic scar (HTS) following thermal injury is a dermal fibroproliferative disorder that leads to considerable morbidity. The development of HTS involves numerous cell types and cytokines with dermal fibroblasts being a key cell. We have previously reported that the phenotype of fibroblasts isolated from HTS was altered compared to fibroblasts ...
Cornelison D D W - - 2008
Skeletal muscle is formed during development by the progressive specification, proliferation, migration, and fusion of myoblasts to form terminally differentiated, contractile, highly patterned myofibers. Skeletal muscle is repaired or replaced postnatally by a similar process, involving a resident myogenic stem cell population referred to as satellite cells. In both cases, ...
Que Jianwen J Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2008
During mouse development, the sophisticated vascular network of the lung is established from embryonic day (E) approximately 10.5 and continues to develop postnatally. This network is composed of endothelial cells enclosed by vascular smooth muscle, pericytes, and other mesenchymal cells. Recent in vivo lineage labeling studies in the developing heart ...
Tang Yong-Dan - - 2009
Drug eluting stents (DES) have become a common mode of treatment for stenosis in coronary arteries. However, currently, the use of sirolimus/paclitaxel-coated DES has come under scrutiny, because of their pro-thrombotic effects leading to potential adverse outcomes in the long run. We have previously documented that D: -threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morholino propanol (D-PDMP); ...
Jacobsen Jens Christian Brings - - 2008
Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) exhibit different types of calcium dynamics. Static vascular tone is associated with unsynchronized calcium waves and the developed force depends on the number of recruited cells. Global calcium transients synchronized among a large number of cells cause rhythmic development of force known as vasomotion. We ...
Wu Jiunn-Ren - - 2009
Lercanidipine, a calcium channel antagonist, is currently employed in the treatment of essential hypertension and angina pectoris. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the anti-proliferative effect of lercanidipine and to investigate the molecular role of this agent. Both in vitro studies and in a balloon injury rat carotid ...
Rattazzi Marcello - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study in vitro whether phenotypically-distinct interstitial cell clones from bovine aortic valve (BVIC) possess different calcifying potential in response to endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) and phosphate (Pi). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among various clones of BVIC obtained by limited dilution technique we selected 4 clones displaying different ...
Pieri Laura - - 2008
CD117 (or c-kit) is expressed by the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), which are located within the gastrointestinal (GI) muscle coat and directly involved in its motility. CD34 is expressed by several cell types some of which have features and location resembling the ICC; however, a sure identification of these ...
Brady Mariea A - - 2008
In vitro skeletal muscle engineering involves the culture of isolated primary myogenic cells in an environment conducive to the formation of a three-dimensional (3D) tissue construct capable of generating force. Isolated human myogenic cells have been used to study cell-cell interactions, permitting identification of functions intrinsic to skeletal muscle in ...
Screen Mark M Laboratory of Developmental Genetics and Imprinting, The Babraham Institute, Babraham Research Campus, Cambridge, - - 2008
Trophoblast giant cells are instrumental in promoting blood flow towards the mouse embryo by invading the uterine endometrium and remodelling the maternal vasculature. This process involves the degradation of the perivascular smooth muscle layer and the displacement of vascular endothelial cells to form trophoblast-lined blood sinuses. How this vascular remodelling ...
Rodriguez-Menocal Luis - - 2009
AIMS: The origin of post-injury neointimal cells is still a matter of debate. This study aims to determine the anatomic source of neointimal cells in one of the most important animal models for the study of vascular stenosis in response to injury, the rat balloon injury model. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Waksman Ron - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine how photodynamic therapy (PDT) promotes stabilization and reduction of regional atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy, a combination of photosensitizer and targeted light to promote cell apoptosis, has been shown to reduce atherosclerotic plaque inflammation. METHODS: Forty New Zealand White rabbits were fed ...
Betters Jenna L - - 2008
Skeletal muscle regenerative potential is reduced with aging. We hypothesized that in vitro activation of muscle satellite cells would be compromised, and that nitric oxide (NO) supplementation would improve satellite cell activity in old muscle. Single intact myofibers were isolated from the gastrocnemius muscles of young (2 mo), adult (10 ...
Nef H M - - 2008
2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) is a glucose analogue that has been proposed for cancer therapy due to its cytostatic properties. Its effect on the proliferation of smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells has not been fully clarified. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of 2-DG on the proliferation ...
Burgess Janette K - - 2008
Hyperplasia of airway smooth muscle (ASM) within the bronchial wall of asthmatic patients has been well documented and is likely due to increased muscle proliferation. We have shown that ASM cells obtained from asthmatic patients proliferate faster than those obtained from non-asthmatic patients. In ASM from non-asthmatics, mitogens act via ...
Cheng Ling - - 2008
Colon muscle strips and cells from female patients with slow-transit constipation (STC) exhibit impaired motility, signal transduction abnormalities characterized by downregulation of Gq/11 and upregulation of Gs proteins, decreased cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and thromboxane (Tx)B2 levels, increased COX-2 and PGE2 levels, and overexpression of progesterone receptors (PGR). Progesterone (P4) treatment of ...
de Jongh R - - 2009
Localized phasic contractions in the bladder wall (autonomous activity) have been hypothesized to be an integral part of a motor/sensory system contributing to bladder sensation. The sites responsible for generating this activity, the mechanisms involved in its propagation and modulation remain unknown. This phasic motor activity is modulated by exogenous ...
Otto Anthony A School of Biological Sciences, AMS Building, University of Reading, Whiteknights, PO Box 228, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AJ, - - 2008
Satellite cells represent the stem cell population of adult skeletal muscle. The molecular mechanisms that control the proliferation of satellite cells are not well understood. In this study, we show that in response to injury, myofibres activate Wnt ligand transcription and activate a reporter cell line that is sensitive to ...
Pieri Laura - - 2008
CD117 (or c-kit) is expressed by the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) which are located within the gastrointestinal (GI) muscle coat and directly involved in its motility. CD34 is expressed by several cell types some of which have features and location remembering the ICC; however, a sure identification of these ...
Tamaki Tetsuro - - 2008
The hierarchical relationship of skeletal muscle-derived multipotent stem cells sorted as CD34(+)/CD45(-) (Sk-34) and CD34(-)/CD45(-) (Sk-DN) cells, which have synchronized reconstitution capacities for blood vessels, peripheral nerves, and muscle fibers, was examined. Expression of Sca-1 and CD34 (typical state of freshly isolated Sk-34 cells) in Sk-DN cells was examined using ...
Ballagh K - - 2008
Prepubertal ovariectomy can dramatically inhibit mammary development, but the mechanism of inhibition is not well characterized. Holstein heifers were ovariectomized (OVX) or sham operated but left intact (INT) at d 40 and then sacrificed at d 55, 70, 85, 100, 130, or 160 to provide tissues for histologic analysis of ...
White Elizabeth J - - 2008
The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), as pacemaker cells of the gut, contribute to rhythmic peristalsis and muscle excitability through initiation of slow-wave activity, which subsequently actively propagates into the musculature. An E-4031-sensitive K(+) current makes a critical contribution to membrane potential in ICC. This study provides novel features of ...
Peng Chieh-Yu - - 2008
Baicalein (5,6,7-trioxyflavone-7-O-beta-D-glucuronide) derived from the Chinese herb Scutellaria baicalensis is well known as a lipoxygenase inhibitor. We investigated baicalein-mediated inhibitory effects on vascular smooth-muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and intimal hyperplasia by balloon angioplasty in the rat. In vascular injury studies, baicalein significantly suppressed intimal hyperplasia by balloon angioplasty. Baicalein significantly ...
Cai Jing-Bo - - 2008
1. Resveratrol, a polyphenol in red wine, has a cardioprotective effect. Resveratrol-targeting protein (RTP) has been purified using a resveratrol affinity column (RAC) and has been identified as quinone reductase type 2 (NQO2). We hypothesize that NQO2 is the target protein of resveratrol in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and ...
Wozniak A C - - 2009
Potent nitric oxide (NO) signals are described for many forms of cell-cell communication. Although NO plays a significant role in skeletal muscle metabolism and contractility and in precursor activation during muscle formation and stretching, there is no direct evidence of stretch-induced NO release from muscle. Differentiated muscle cell cultures from ...
Baskar Rajamanickam - - 2008
S-diclofenac (2-[(2,6-dichlorophenyl) amino] benzene acetic acid 4-(3H-1,2,dithiol-3-thione-5-yl) phenyl ester) is a novel molecule comprising a hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-releasing dithiol-thione moiety attached by an ester linkage to diclofenac. Effect of S-diclofenac (H2S donor) on cell proliferation was investigated on the primary and immortalized rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). Smooth ...
Li Xuehui - - 2008
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a potent inhibitor of muscle cell proliferation and differentiation. Decorin, a small proteoglycan in the extracellular matrix, binds to TGF-beta1 and modulates the activity of TGF-beta1 during muscle cell growth and development. However, its interaction with TGF-beta1 and involvement in myogenesis is not well characterized. ...
Jansen K M KM Department of Pharmacology, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, - - 2008
During skeletal muscle growth and regeneration, the majority of differentiating myoblasts undergoes cell-cell fusion to form multinucleated myofibers, whereas a proportion of myoblasts undergoes apoptosis. The treatment of myoblasts with prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) during myogenesis in vitro leads to the formation of large myotubes, but the mechanism by which PGF2alpha ...
Sui Jianjun - - 2008
Propranolol, a nonselective beta blocker, exerts blocking activity both on beta1 adrenoceptors and beta2 ones, with the S-enantiomer being more active than the R-enantiomer. The aim of the study was to investigate the secreted proteins with differential protein expression levels in culture medium of vascular smooth muscle cells (A7r5) incubated ...
Zhang Xiangfeng - - 2008
The syndecans are a family of cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans consisting of a core protein with covalently attached glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains. Syndecan-4 expression in skeletal muscle is increased in growth-selected animals during proliferation. Previous studies have suggested that cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans like syndecan-4 are involved in fibroblast growth factor ...
Kajstura Jan J Department of Anesthesia, and Division of Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2008
Recent data indicate that the heart is a self-renewing organ and contains a pool of progenitor cells (PCs). According to the new paradigm, this resident population of multipotent undifferentiated cells gives rise to myocytes, endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts. Understanding the function of cardiac PCs is critical for ...
Han Richard I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To map the cellular distribution and phenotypic alteration of the predominant stromal cell population throughout the entire valve length of dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). SAMPLE POPULATION: 31 mitral valve complexes (ie, mitral valve leaflets) collected from 4 clinically normal dogs and 27 dogs with MMVD of ...
Kondo Hirotaka - - 2008
A 1.5-y-old female Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) presented with a large subcutaneous mass surrounding the right shoulder. Radiography revealed dislocation of the right humeral articulation and osteolytic lesions of the right scapula. Histologically, the mass was composed of spindle to stellate cells arranged in fascicles interwoven with delicate collagen fibers, ...
McCrann Donald J - - 2008
Polyploidy is a state in which a cell contains multiple copies of its entire genome, while a normal diploid cell contains only two sets of homologous chromosomes. Although widely studied and pervasive in nature, the signals and mechanisms of polyploidization and its accompanying operational consequences are still unclear. This review ...
Qiao Huan - - 2009
Vascular smooth muscle cells contribute both to the structure and function of arteries, but are also involved in pathologic changes that accompany inflammatory diseases such as atherosclerosis. Since inflammation is associated with oxidant stress, we examined the uptake and cellular effects of the antioxidant vitamin ascorbic acid in cultured A10 ...
Larsson Erik - - 2008
Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are key components of all hollow organs, where they perform contractile, synthetic and other functions. Unlike other muscle cells, SMCs are not terminally differentiated, but exhibit considerable phenotypic variation. Such variation is manifested both across disease states such as asthma and atherosclerosis, and physiological states such ...
Sakamoto K - - 2008
There is a discrepancy in the adverse effect of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors, statins between the clinical reports and the studies using skeletal muscle cell models. In the clinical reports, both hydrophilic and lipophilic statins induce myotoxicity, whereas in in vitro experiments using cell lines of myoblasts, lipophilic, but not hydrophilic, ...
Allix Sébastien - - 2008
In the gastrointestinal tract, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) generate a pacemaker activity. They produce electric slow waves that trigger and coordinate gut smooth muscle contractions. Interstitial cells of Cajal's slender shape is revealed by KIT immunostaining. Based on several features, including KIT expression and KIT dependence, ICC-like cells were ...
Farrugia G G Enteric NeuroScience Program, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2008
The gastrointestinal tract serves the physiological function of digesting and absorbing nutrients from food and physically mixing and propelling these contents in an oral to anal direction. These functions require the coordinated interaction of several cell types, including enteric nerves, immune cells and smooth muscle. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) ...
Ait Mou Younss Y INSERM, U 637, Université MONTPELLIER I, UFR de Médecine, F-34295, Montpellier, - - 2008
The present study examined the contribution of myofilament contractile proteins to regional function in guinea pig myocardium. We investigated the effect of stretch on myofilament contractile proteins, Ca(2+) sensitivity, and cross-bridge cycling kinetics (K (tr)) of force in single skinned cardiomyocytes isolated from the sub-endocardial (ENDO) or sub-epicardial (EPI) layer. ...
Young Jennifer L - - 2008
The two currently employed approaches restricting gene delivery and/or expression to desired cell types in vivo rely on cell surface targeting or cell-specific promoters. We have developed a third approach based on cell-specific nuclear transport of the delivered plasmid DNA. We have previously shown that plasmid nuclear import in non-dividing ...
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