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Peyton Kelly J KJ Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65212, - - 2009
Arginase stimulates the proliferation of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs); however, the influence of arginase on VSMC growth in vivo is not known. This study investigated the impact of arginase on cell cycle progression and neointima formation after experimental arterial injury. Balloon injury of rat carotid arteries resulted in ...
Halligan Katharine E - - 2009
Disposition of the second messenger nitric oxide (NO) in mammalian tissues occurs through multiple pathways including dioxygenation by erythrocyte hemoglobin and red muscle myoglobin. Metabolism by a putative NO dioxygenase activity in non-striated tissues has also been postulated, but the exact nature of this activity is unknown. In the present ...
Trovato-Salinaro A - - 2009
In the adult skeletal muscle, various kinds of trauma promote proliferation of satellite cells that differentiate into myoblasts forming new myofibers or to repair the damaged one. The aim of present work was to perform a comparative spatial and temporal analysis of connexin (Cx) 37, Cx39, Cx40, Cx43, and Cx45 ...
Hou Rong - - 2009
Fat1, an atypical cadherin induced robustly after arterial injury, has significant effects on mammalian vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth and migration. The related Drosophila protein Fat interacts genetically and physically with Atrophin, a protein essential for development and control of cell polarity. We hypothesized that interactions between Fat1 and ...
Bossé Ynuk - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To present a historic perspective and an up-to-date understanding of the involvement of cysteinyl-leukotrienes (cys-LTs) in asthmatic airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell hyperplasia. DATA SOURCES: Data collected from human tissues, from animal models of airway inflammation, and from ASM cells cultured in vitro are included. STUDY SELECTION: All studies ...
Ho H C - - 2009
Over the last two decades, significant advances have been made in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the treatment of atherosclerotic plaques. However, restenosis after PCI still challenges both vascular biologists and interventional cardiologists. In this study, we found that caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) displayed an inhibitory effect on human ...
Oksala Niku - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The expression of disintegrin and metalloprotease ADAM-9, ADAM-15, and ADAM-17 has been associated with cell-cell, cell-platelet, and cell-matrix interactions and inflammation. They are possibly implicated in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Whole-genome expression array and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis confirmed that ADAM-9, ...
Kaarteenaho-Wiik Riitta - - 2009
Fibroblast differentiation into myofibroblast in transforming growth factor-beta1-exposed human lung fibroblasts and the immunolocalizations of alpha-smooth muscle actin, fibronectin, tenascin-C, and osteopontin in exposed cells were studied by conventional transmission electron microscopy and immunoelectron microscopy. Ultrastructural features of myofibroblasts were detected after exposure, e.g., alpha-smooth muscle actin positive bundles in ...
Muteliefu Gulinuer - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality in chronic kidney disease patients. We have recently demonstrated that indoxyl sulfate (IS), a uremic toxin, induced aortic calcification and aortic wall thickening in hypertensive rats. This study aimed to determine if IS promotes proliferation of human aortic smooth muscle cells ...
Paula Jayter Silva - - 2009
PURPOSE: Interstitial cells of Cajal were identified in the gastrointestinal tract of several species, with close relation to the enteric nervous system. Since it was recognized that interstitial cells of Cajal express the gene product of c-kit, we performed immunohistochemistry for c-kit protein in ciliary muscle specimens of monkeys' eyes. ...
Harada Takahiro - - 2009
In various kinds of cultured cells, it has been reported that the membrane potential exhibits fluctuations with long-term correlations, although the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. A cardiac muscle cell culture serves as an excellent experimental system to investigate this phenomenon because timings of excitations can be determined over ...
Seidel Monika - - 2009
Satellite cells are committed precursor cells residing in the skeletal muscle. These cells provide an almost unlimited regeneration potential to the muscle, contrary to the heart, which, although proved to contain cardiac stem cells, possesses a very limited ability for self-renewal. The idea that myoblasts (satellite cell progenies) may repopulate ...
Janke Jürgen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A widely applied technique to reduce subcutaneous fat pad size involves subcutaneous injection of a phosphatidylcholine preparation ('injection lipolysis'). As the mode of action is mostly unknown, we planned to study cellular effects of the particular drug used in Germany (Lipostabil(R)). METHODS: Human preadipocytes, adipocytes, vascular and skeletal muscle ...
Tanaka Kimie - - 2009
It is a widely accepted view that vascular repair results from migration and proliferation of adjacent vascular cells. On the other hand, accumulating evidence suggests that bone marrow cells can give rise to endothelial-like cells and smooth muscle-like cells that potentially contribute to vascular healing, remodeling and lesion formation under ...
Gnocchi Viola F - - 2009
Satellite cells are the resident stem cells of adult skeletal muscle. To date though, there is a paucity of native markers that can be used to easily identify quiescent satellite cells, with Pax7 probably being the best that is currently available. Here we have further characterized a number of recently ...
Berthelemy Nicolas - - 2009
Recent studies showed that progenitor cells could differentiate into mature vascular cells. The main physiological factors implicated in cell differentiation are specific growth factors. We hypothesized that simply by varying the oxygen content, progenitor cells can be differentiated either in mature endothelial cells (ECs) or contractile smooth muscle cells (SMCs) ...
Zaglia Tania - - 2009
Interstitial cells of the adult rat heart were characterized with respect to i) expression of cardiac markers of commitment and differentiation, ii) myogenic potential in vitro and iii) ability to modulate cardiomyocyte differentiation state. We demonstrate for the first time that fibroblasts and a proportion of pericytes in the adult ...
Burgess Janette K - - 2009
Asthma is characterized by structural changes in the airways - airway remodelling. These changes include an increase in the bulk of the airway smooth muscle (ASM) and alterations in the profile of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in the airway wall. The mechanisms leading to airway remodelling are not well understood. ...
Lauer Mark E - - 2009
Asthmatic attacks often follow viral infections with subsequent airway smooth muscle cell proliferation and the formation of an abnormal hyaluronan extracellular matrix with infiltrated leukocytes. In this study, we show that murine airway smooth muscle cells (MASM) treated with polyinosinic acid-polycytidylic acid (poly(I,C)), a double-stranded RNA that simulates a viral ...
Lauer Mark E - - 2009
The covalent association of inter-alpha-inhibitor-derived heavy chains (HCs) with hyaluronan was first described in synovial fluid from arthritic patients and later described as a structural and functional component of hyaluronan "cable" structures produced by many different cells and stimuli. HC transfer has been shown to be mediated by the protein ...
Tan Wei - - 2008
Mechanical effects on cells have received more and more attention in the studies of tissue engineering, cellular pathogenesis, and biomedical device design. Anisotropic biaxial cyclic stress, reminiscent of the in vivo cellular mechanical environment, may promise significant implications for biotechnology and human health. We have designed, fabricated and characterized a ...
Zhang Feng - - 2008
Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a crucial event in cardiovascular diseases. Isorhynchophylline, an alkaloid from a traditional Chinese medicine Gambirplant, has been used to treat cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of isorhynchophylline on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced proliferation of rat ...
Rescan Pierre-Yves - - 2008
Recent research has significantly broadened our understanding of how the teleost somite is patterned to achieve embryonic and postembryonic myogenesis. Medial (adaxial) cells and posterior cells of the early epithelial somite generate embryonic superficial slow and deep fast muscle fibers, respectively, whereas anterior somitic cells move laterally to form an ...
Hwang Jin-Yong JY Hope Heart Program, Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98101, - - 2008
Galactosamine-containing glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), such as the chondroitin sulfate chains of the proteoglycan versican, have been shown to inhibit elastogenesis. Another proteoglycan that may influence elastogenesis is biglycan, which possesses two GAG chains. To assess the importance of these chains on elastogenesis in blood vessels, rat aortic smooth muscle cells were ...
Chahine Mirna N - - 2009
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis partly through an action on cell proliferation and cell apoptosis. Nuclear protein import (NPI) is critical in regulating gene expression, transcription, and subsequently cell proliferation and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to determine if ...
Wang JianFei - - 2008
Hypertrophic scar (HTS) following thermal injury is a dermal fibroproliferative disorder that leads to considerable morbidity. The development of HTS involves numerous cell types and cytokines with dermal fibroblasts being a key cell. We have previously reported that the phenotype of fibroblasts isolated from HTS was altered compared to fibroblasts ...
Cornelison D D W - - 2008
Skeletal muscle is formed during development by the progressive specification, proliferation, migration, and fusion of myoblasts to form terminally differentiated, contractile, highly patterned myofibers. Skeletal muscle is repaired or replaced postnatally by a similar process, involving a resident myogenic stem cell population referred to as satellite cells. In both cases, ...
Que Jianwen J Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2008
During mouse development, the sophisticated vascular network of the lung is established from embryonic day (E) approximately 10.5 and continues to develop postnatally. This network is composed of endothelial cells enclosed by vascular smooth muscle, pericytes, and other mesenchymal cells. Recent in vivo lineage labeling studies in the developing heart ...
Tang Yong-Dan - - 2009
Drug eluting stents (DES) have become a common mode of treatment for stenosis in coronary arteries. However, currently, the use of sirolimus/paclitaxel-coated DES has come under scrutiny, because of their pro-thrombotic effects leading to potential adverse outcomes in the long run. We have previously documented that D: -threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morholino propanol (D-PDMP); ...
Jacobsen Jens Christian Brings - - 2008
Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) exhibit different types of calcium dynamics. Static vascular tone is associated with unsynchronized calcium waves and the developed force depends on the number of recruited cells. Global calcium transients synchronized among a large number of cells cause rhythmic development of force known as vasomotion. We ...
Wu Jiunn-Ren - - 2009
Lercanidipine, a calcium channel antagonist, is currently employed in the treatment of essential hypertension and angina pectoris. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the anti-proliferative effect of lercanidipine and to investigate the molecular role of this agent. Both in vitro studies and in a balloon injury rat carotid ...
Rattazzi Marcello - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study in vitro whether phenotypically-distinct interstitial cell clones from bovine aortic valve (BVIC) possess different calcifying potential in response to endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) and phosphate (Pi). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among various clones of BVIC obtained by limited dilution technique we selected 4 clones displaying different ...
Pieri Laura - - 2008
CD117 (or c-kit) is expressed by the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), which are located within the gastrointestinal (GI) muscle coat and directly involved in its motility. CD34 is expressed by several cell types some of which have features and location resembling the ICC; however, a sure identification of these ...
Brady Mariea A - - 2008
In vitro skeletal muscle engineering involves the culture of isolated primary myogenic cells in an environment conducive to the formation of a three-dimensional (3D) tissue construct capable of generating force. Isolated human myogenic cells have been used to study cell-cell interactions, permitting identification of functions intrinsic to skeletal muscle in ...
Screen Mark M Laboratory of Developmental Genetics and Imprinting, The Babraham Institute, Babraham Research Campus, Cambridge, - - 2008
Trophoblast giant cells are instrumental in promoting blood flow towards the mouse embryo by invading the uterine endometrium and remodelling the maternal vasculature. This process involves the degradation of the perivascular smooth muscle layer and the displacement of vascular endothelial cells to form trophoblast-lined blood sinuses. How this vascular remodelling ...
Rodriguez-Menocal Luis - - 2009
AIMS: The origin of post-injury neointimal cells is still a matter of debate. This study aims to determine the anatomic source of neointimal cells in one of the most important animal models for the study of vascular stenosis in response to injury, the rat balloon injury model. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Waksman Ron - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine how photodynamic therapy (PDT) promotes stabilization and reduction of regional atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy, a combination of photosensitizer and targeted light to promote cell apoptosis, has been shown to reduce atherosclerotic plaque inflammation. METHODS: Forty New Zealand White rabbits were fed ...
Betters Jenna L - - 2008
Skeletal muscle regenerative potential is reduced with aging. We hypothesized that in vitro activation of muscle satellite cells would be compromised, and that nitric oxide (NO) supplementation would improve satellite cell activity in old muscle. Single intact myofibers were isolated from the gastrocnemius muscles of young (2 mo), adult (10 ...
Nef H M - - 2008
2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) is a glucose analogue that has been proposed for cancer therapy due to its cytostatic properties. Its effect on the proliferation of smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells has not been fully clarified. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of 2-DG on the proliferation ...
Burgess Janette K - - 2008
Hyperplasia of airway smooth muscle (ASM) within the bronchial wall of asthmatic patients has been well documented and is likely due to increased muscle proliferation. We have shown that ASM cells obtained from asthmatic patients proliferate faster than those obtained from non-asthmatic patients. In ASM from non-asthmatics, mitogens act via ...
Cheng Ling - - 2008
Colon muscle strips and cells from female patients with slow-transit constipation (STC) exhibit impaired motility, signal transduction abnormalities characterized by downregulation of Gq/11 and upregulation of Gs proteins, decreased cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and thromboxane (Tx)B2 levels, increased COX-2 and PGE2 levels, and overexpression of progesterone receptors (PGR). Progesterone (P4) treatment of ...
de Jongh R - - 2009
Localized phasic contractions in the bladder wall (autonomous activity) have been hypothesized to be an integral part of a motor/sensory system contributing to bladder sensation. The sites responsible for generating this activity, the mechanisms involved in its propagation and modulation remain unknown. This phasic motor activity is modulated by exogenous ...
Otto Anthony A School of Biological Sciences, AMS Building, University of Reading, Whiteknights, PO Box 228, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AJ, - - 2008
Satellite cells represent the stem cell population of adult skeletal muscle. The molecular mechanisms that control the proliferation of satellite cells are not well understood. In this study, we show that in response to injury, myofibres activate Wnt ligand transcription and activate a reporter cell line that is sensitive to ...
Pieri Laura - - 2008
CD117 (or c-kit) is expressed by the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) which are located within the gastrointestinal (GI) muscle coat and directly involved in its motility. CD34 is expressed by several cell types some of which have features and location remembering the ICC; however, a sure identification of these ...
Tamaki Tetsuro - - 2008
The hierarchical relationship of skeletal muscle-derived multipotent stem cells sorted as CD34(+)/CD45(-) (Sk-34) and CD34(-)/CD45(-) (Sk-DN) cells, which have synchronized reconstitution capacities for blood vessels, peripheral nerves, and muscle fibers, was examined. Expression of Sca-1 and CD34 (typical state of freshly isolated Sk-34 cells) in Sk-DN cells was examined using ...
Ballagh K - - 2008
Prepubertal ovariectomy can dramatically inhibit mammary development, but the mechanism of inhibition is not well characterized. Holstein heifers were ovariectomized (OVX) or sham operated but left intact (INT) at d 40 and then sacrificed at d 55, 70, 85, 100, 130, or 160 to provide tissues for histologic analysis of ...
White Elizabeth J - - 2008
The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), as pacemaker cells of the gut, contribute to rhythmic peristalsis and muscle excitability through initiation of slow-wave activity, which subsequently actively propagates into the musculature. An E-4031-sensitive K(+) current makes a critical contribution to membrane potential in ICC. This study provides novel features of ...
Peng Chieh-Yu - - 2008
Baicalein (5,6,7-trioxyflavone-7-O-beta-D-glucuronide) derived from the Chinese herb Scutellaria baicalensis is well known as a lipoxygenase inhibitor. We investigated baicalein-mediated inhibitory effects on vascular smooth-muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and intimal hyperplasia by balloon angioplasty in the rat. In vascular injury studies, baicalein significantly suppressed intimal hyperplasia by balloon angioplasty. Baicalein significantly ...
Cai Jing-Bo - - 2008
1. Resveratrol, a polyphenol in red wine, has a cardioprotective effect. Resveratrol-targeting protein (RTP) has been purified using a resveratrol affinity column (RAC) and has been identified as quinone reductase type 2 (NQO2). We hypothesize that NQO2 is the target protein of resveratrol in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and ...
Wozniak A C - - 2009
Potent nitric oxide (NO) signals are described for many forms of cell-cell communication. Although NO plays a significant role in skeletal muscle metabolism and contractility and in precursor activation during muscle formation and stretching, there is no direct evidence of stretch-induced NO release from muscle. Differentiated muscle cell cultures from ...
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