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Results 201 - 250 of 2143
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Kang Hyo Jin - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the location of interstitial cells of Cajal-like cells and the ureteral aspect using histopathologic studies of obstructive and refluxing megaureters to reveal the different pathogenesis of megaureters in the human urinary tract. The underlying pathophysiology of obstructive megaureter and refluxing megaureter is poorly understood. METHODS: The data ...
Mu Hong - - 2009
Increased plasma levels of lactosylceramide (LacCer) have been associated with cardiovascular disease. However, it is largely unknown whether LacCer directly contributes to dysfunction of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), a key event in vascular lesion formation. In the present study, we determined the effects and potential mechanisms of LacCer on cell ...
Lesma Elena - - 2009
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal-dominant disease that is caused by mutations in either the TSC1 or TSC2 gene. Smooth muscle-like cells (ASMs) were isolated from an angiomyolipoma of a patient with TSC. These cells lacked tuberin, were labeled by both HMB45 and CD44v6 antibodies, and had constitutive S6 ...
Schreiber Alexander M - - 2009
Amphibian metamorphosis is accompanied by extensive intestinal remodeling. This process, mediated by thyroid hormone (TH) and its nuclear receptors, affects every cell type. Gut remodeling in Xenopus laevis involves epithelial and mesenchymal proliferation, smooth muscle thickening, neuronal aggregation, formation of intestinal folds, and shortening of its length by 75%. Transgenic ...
Kenagy Richard D - - 2009
About a quarter of peripheral vein grafts fail due in part to intimal hyperplasia. The proliferative capacity and response to growth inhibitors of medial smooth muscle cells and adventitial fibroblasts in vitro were studied to test the hypothesis that intrinsic differences in cells of vein grafts are associated with graft ...
Han Jee Seung - - 2009
The TAT-high mobility group box-1 A box peptide (TAT-HMGB1A) has been reported previously to be able to deliver DNA into cells without cytotoxicity. In this study, an artery wall smooth muscle cell-targeting carrier was developed using TAT-HMGB1A combined with an artery wall binding peptide (ABP). For the production of ABP ...
Nincheri P - - 2009
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid which regulates multiple biological parameters in a number of cell types, including stem cells. Here we report, for the first time, that S1P dose-dependently stimulates differentiation of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASMC) towards smooth muscle cells. Indeed, S1P not only induced the ...
Kurth Patricia - - 2009
Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGF) and their receptors control cell proliferation, survival, and migration. To test the influence of an oncogenic mutation to embryonic development, a transgenic mouse line expressing PDGFRalpha (D842V) was established and analyzed. Most of the embryos die on embryonic day 12.5 due to massive hemorrhages in the ...
Thakar Rahul G - - 2009
Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) play an important role in vascular remodeling. Heterogeneity and phenotypic changes in SMCs are usually accompanied by a morphological difference, i.e., elongated/spindle-like versus spread-out or epithelioid/rhomboid cell shapes. However, it is not known whether the cell shape directly regulates SMC proliferation, and what the underlying ...
Pang Xiao - - 2009
AIM: Catecholamine-induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is one of the major events in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and vascular remodeling. The calcineurin-NFAT pathway plays a role in regulating growth and differentiation in various cell types. We investigated whether the calcineurin-NFAT pathway was involved in the regulation of phenylephrine-induced ...
Nigro Julie - - 2009
The importance of the pathological changes in proteoglycans has driven the need to study and design novel chemical tools to control proteoglycan synthesis. Accordingly, we tested the fluorinated analogue of glucosamine (4-fluoro-N-acetyl-glucosamine (4-F-GlcNAc)) on the synthesis of heparan sulfate (HS) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) by murine airway smooth muscle (ASM) ...
Chuaysri Chanisa - - 2009
Cancer-associated fibroblasts have been proposed to play a role in promoting carcinogenesis and tumor progression. To our knowledge, no direct evidence concerning fibroblasts in the genesis of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has previously been presented. This study aims to assess the value of activated fibroblasts with high alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) expression ...
Yoshimura Ryoichi - - 2009
An acetylcholine (ACh) agonist, carbachol (Cch), causes hepatocytes to proliferate in the presence of hepatic nonparenchymal cells (HNPCs). To identify the HNPCs and ACh receptor subtypes involved in carbachol-induced hepatocyte proliferation (CIHP), we examined two types of vascular cells as candidates for HNPCs mediating CIHP in cocultures of hepatocytes using ...
Day Kenneth K Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195, - - 2009
Satellite cells are skeletal muscle stem cells that provide myogenic progeny for myofiber growth and repair. Temporal expression of muscle regulatory factors (MRFs) and the paired box transcription factor Pax7 defines characteristic phases of proliferation (Pax7(+)/MyoD(+)/myogenin(-)) and differentiation (Pax7(-)/MyoD(+)/myogenin(+)) during myogenesis of satellite cells. Here, using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling and ...
Grol Simone - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the expression of ubiquitin hydrolase (UH), an enzyme which is part of the ubiquitin-proteasome system involved in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation, to gain an insight into the cell types and processes underlying the tissue remodelling that occur after bladder neck damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Wu Jun - - 2009
Considerable evidence indicates a key role for primary cilia of mammalian cells in mechanochemical sensing. Dysfunctions of primary cilia have been linked to the pathogenesis of several human diseases. However, cilia-related research has been limited to a few cell and tissue types; to our knowledge, no literature exists on primary ...
Lee Se-Jung - - 2009
Cellular and molecular events in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were investigated. SHR-derived VSMC showed increased proliferative capacity and MAP kinase levels in comparison with WKY-derived VSMC. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that progression from G1 to S phase was faster in ...
McLin Valérie A - - 2009
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract forms from the endoderm (which gives rise to the epithelium) and the mesoderm (which develops into the smooth muscle layer, the mesenchyme, and numerous other cell types). Much of what is known of GI development has been learned from studies of the endoderm and its derivatives, ...
McCrann Donald J DJ Department of Biochemistry and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2009
Our recent reports indicated that polyploidization of aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) serves as a biomarker for aging, and that the polyploid state is linked to a higher incidence of senescence in vivo. Here, we found that NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4) expression is augmented in VSMC from aortas of ...
Waschbisch Anne - - 2009
Trogocytosis is a cell-contact dependent intercellular transfer of membrane fragments and associated molecules. We studied trogocytosis in the interaction of T cells with human skeletal muscle cells modeling muscle-immune cell interactions under pathophysiological conditions i.e. myositis. Human myoblasts donate membrane fragments to T cells. Acquisition of muscle-derived membrane molecules depended ...
Gonzalez-Cadavid Nestor F - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Penile fibrosis has been conceptually identified with the plaque that develops in the tunica albuginea in Peyronie's disease (PD), or with localized processes induced in the corpora cavernosa by ischemic or traumatic events. Recently, it has been proposed that a diffuse, progressive, and milder intracorporal fibrosis, which affects also ...
Luchessi Augusto D - - 2009
The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) contains a special amino acid residue named hypusine that is required for its activity, being produced by a post-translational modification using spermidine as substrate. Stem cells from rat skeletal muscles (satellite cells) were submitted to differentiation and an increase of eIF5A gene expression ...
Higuchi Koji - - 2009
PURPOSE: Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are known as intestinal pacemaker cells and express c-kit on their membrane. Previously, we reported that FK506 had neurotoxicity to enteric ganglia, and bombesin (BBS) preserved them against FK506. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ICC was impaired by FK506 and ...
Curtis Matthew W MW Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, - - 2009
The first 2 reviews in this series have described the defining properties of stem cells, their possible sources, and some initial attempts at their clinical use for tissue regeneration and repair. This third and final article in the series describes bioengineering methods for building physical structures to contain and organize ...
Bolton, T.B.
Copyright Lippincott Williams & Wilkins [Full text of this article is not available in the UHRA]
Vigetti Davide - - 2009
Extracellular matrix remodeling after proatherosclerotic injury involves an increase in hyaluronan (HA) that is coupled with vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration, proliferation, and with neointima formation. As such events are dependent on HA, in this study we assessed the effects on SMC behavior of 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU). As previously described ...
Mei Feng - - 2009
This study aimed at evaluating whether apoptosis of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), smooth muscle cells (SMC), and enteric neurons was involved in a guinea pig model of intestinal ischemia and reperfusion injury. The small intestinal segments were resected at either 6 (I60/R6h) and 12 h (I60/R12h) or 7 (I60/R7d) ...
Song Yunseob - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether rat fetal brain stem cells can be induced to acquire cell fates outside the nervous system, hypothesising that cell-based replacement therapy with stem cells can aid in the regeneration of penile smooth musculature and might help to attenuate organic erectile dysfunction (ED), as the degeneration of ...
BurdziƄska Anna - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Myogenic cell therapy is considered a new method to treat urinary incontinence. One of the crucial limitations in cellular transplantation is poor cell survival after cell transfer. Preconditioning of cells before transfer is a new approach in improving the efficacy of graft. METHODS: In this study, autologous cell transplantation ...
Costa-Silva Bruno - - 2009
The neural crest (NC) is a model system used to investigate multipotency during vertebrate development. Environmental factors control NC cell fate decisions. Despite the well-known influence of extracellular matrix molecules in NC cell migration, the issue of whether they also influence NC cell differentiation has not been addressed at the ...
Chang Hsi - - 2009
Satellite cells are myogenic stem cells responsible for the postnatal regeneration of skeletal muscle. Here we report the successful in vitro induction of Pax7-positive satellite-like cells from mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells. Embryoid bodies were generated from mES cells and cultured on Matrigel-coated dishes with Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium containing ...
Rhoads R P - - 2009
The existence of myogenic satellite cells was reported some 47 years ago, and, since that time, satellite cell research has flourished. So much new information is generated (daily) on these cells that it can be difficult for individuals to keep abreast of important issues related to their activation and proliferation, ...
Peyton Kelly J KJ Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65212, - - 2009
Arginase stimulates the proliferation of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs); however, the influence of arginase on VSMC growth in vivo is not known. This study investigated the impact of arginase on cell cycle progression and neointima formation after experimental arterial injury. Balloon injury of rat carotid arteries resulted in ...
Halligan Katharine E - - 2009
Disposition of the second messenger nitric oxide (NO) in mammalian tissues occurs through multiple pathways including dioxygenation by erythrocyte hemoglobin and red muscle myoglobin. Metabolism by a putative NO dioxygenase activity in non-striated tissues has also been postulated, but the exact nature of this activity is unknown. In the present ...
Trovato-Salinaro A - - 2009
In the adult skeletal muscle, various kinds of trauma promote proliferation of satellite cells that differentiate into myoblasts forming new myofibers or to repair the damaged one. The aim of present work was to perform a comparative spatial and temporal analysis of connexin (Cx) 37, Cx39, Cx40, Cx43, and Cx45 ...
Hou Rong - - 2009
Fat1, an atypical cadherin induced robustly after arterial injury, has significant effects on mammalian vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth and migration. The related Drosophila protein Fat interacts genetically and physically with Atrophin, a protein essential for development and control of cell polarity. We hypothesized that interactions between Fat1 and ...
Bossé Ynuk - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To present a historic perspective and an up-to-date understanding of the involvement of cysteinyl-leukotrienes (cys-LTs) in asthmatic airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell hyperplasia. DATA SOURCES: Data collected from human tissues, from animal models of airway inflammation, and from ASM cells cultured in vitro are included. STUDY SELECTION: All studies ...
Ho H C - - 2009
Over the last two decades, significant advances have been made in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the treatment of atherosclerotic plaques. However, restenosis after PCI still challenges both vascular biologists and interventional cardiologists. In this study, we found that caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) displayed an inhibitory effect on human ...
Oksala Niku - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The expression of disintegrin and metalloprotease ADAM-9, ADAM-15, and ADAM-17 has been associated with cell-cell, cell-platelet, and cell-matrix interactions and inflammation. They are possibly implicated in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Whole-genome expression array and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis confirmed that ADAM-9, ...
Kaarteenaho-Wiik Riitta - - 2009
Fibroblast differentiation into myofibroblast in transforming growth factor-beta1-exposed human lung fibroblasts and the immunolocalizations of alpha-smooth muscle actin, fibronectin, tenascin-C, and osteopontin in exposed cells were studied by conventional transmission electron microscopy and immunoelectron microscopy. Ultrastructural features of myofibroblasts were detected after exposure, e.g., alpha-smooth muscle actin positive bundles in ...
Muteliefu Gulinuer - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality in chronic kidney disease patients. We have recently demonstrated that indoxyl sulfate (IS), a uremic toxin, induced aortic calcification and aortic wall thickening in hypertensive rats. This study aimed to determine if IS promotes proliferation of human aortic smooth muscle cells ...
Paula Jayter Silva - - 2009
PURPOSE: Interstitial cells of Cajal were identified in the gastrointestinal tract of several species, with close relation to the enteric nervous system. Since it was recognized that interstitial cells of Cajal express the gene product of c-kit, we performed immunohistochemistry for c-kit protein in ciliary muscle specimens of monkeys' eyes. ...
Harada Takahiro - - 2009
In various kinds of cultured cells, it has been reported that the membrane potential exhibits fluctuations with long-term correlations, although the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. A cardiac muscle cell culture serves as an excellent experimental system to investigate this phenomenon because timings of excitations can be determined over ...
Seidel Monika - - 2009
Satellite cells are committed precursor cells residing in the skeletal muscle. These cells provide an almost unlimited regeneration potential to the muscle, contrary to the heart, which, although proved to contain cardiac stem cells, possesses a very limited ability for self-renewal. The idea that myoblasts (satellite cell progenies) may repopulate ...
Janke Jürgen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A widely applied technique to reduce subcutaneous fat pad size involves subcutaneous injection of a phosphatidylcholine preparation ('injection lipolysis'). As the mode of action is mostly unknown, we planned to study cellular effects of the particular drug used in Germany (Lipostabil(R)). METHODS: Human preadipocytes, adipocytes, vascular and skeletal muscle ...
Tanaka Kimie - - 2009
It is a widely accepted view that vascular repair results from migration and proliferation of adjacent vascular cells. On the other hand, accumulating evidence suggests that bone marrow cells can give rise to endothelial-like cells and smooth muscle-like cells that potentially contribute to vascular healing, remodeling and lesion formation under ...
Gnocchi Viola F - - 2009
Satellite cells are the resident stem cells of adult skeletal muscle. To date though, there is a paucity of native markers that can be used to easily identify quiescent satellite cells, with Pax7 probably being the best that is currently available. Here we have further characterized a number of recently ...
Berthelemy Nicolas - - 2009
Recent studies showed that progenitor cells could differentiate into mature vascular cells. The main physiological factors implicated in cell differentiation are specific growth factors. We hypothesized that simply by varying the oxygen content, progenitor cells can be differentiated either in mature endothelial cells (ECs) or contractile smooth muscle cells (SMCs) ...
Zaglia Tania - - 2009
Interstitial cells of the adult rat heart were characterized with respect to i) expression of cardiac markers of commitment and differentiation, ii) myogenic potential in vitro and iii) ability to modulate cardiomyocyte differentiation state. We demonstrate for the first time that fibroblasts and a proportion of pericytes in the adult ...
Burgess Janette K - - 2009
Asthma is characterized by structural changes in the airways - airway remodelling. These changes include an increase in the bulk of the airway smooth muscle (ASM) and alterations in the profile of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in the airway wall. The mechanisms leading to airway remodelling are not well understood. ...
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