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Zhang Keman - - 2010
MyoD is a transcriptional factor that is required for the differentiation of muscle stem cells (satellite cells). In this study, we describe a previously unknown function for MyoD in regulating a gene (Cdc6) that is vital to endowing chromatin with the capability of replicating DNA. In C2C12 and primary mouse ...
Stamatiou Rodopi - - 2010
The macrolide antibiotic azithromycin has an antiproliferative and autophagic effect on rabbit tracheal smooth muscle cells (SMCs). The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of azithromycin on human bronchial SMCs. Human bronchial SMCs were treated with azithromycin (10(-5) M) in the presence or absence of 10% fetal ...
Day Kenneth K Department of Biological Structure, Box 357420, Warren B Magneson Health Sciences Building, 1959 NE Pacific Street, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2010
Satellite cells are myogenic progenitors that reside on the myofiber surface and support skeletal muscle repair. We used mice in which satellite cells were detected by GFP expression driven by nestin gene regulatory elements to define age-related changes in both numbers of satellite cells that occupy hindlimb myofibers and their ...
Busnelli Marta - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the expression of the oxytocin receptor (OTR) and the role of oxytocin (OT) in the proliferation of myometrial and leiomyoma cells. DESIGN: Prospective laboratory study. SETTING: Research laboratory at the Italian National Research Council. PATIENT(S): Twenty-two women who underwent therapeutic myomectomy for fibroids. INTERVENTION(S): Primary cultures of ...
Zhang Keman - - 2010
MyoD is a transcriptional factor that is required for the differentiation of muscle stem cells (satellite cells). In this study, we describe a previously unknown function for MyoD in regulating a gene (Cdc6) that is vital to endowing chromatin with the capability of replicating DNA. In C2C12 and primary mouse ...
Maxová Hana - - 2010
Remodeling of the peripheral pulmonary vasculature during chronic hypoxia is characterized by accelerated collagenolysis and thickening of the vascular wall. Low molecular weight peptides, products of cleavage by interstitial collagenase and muscular layer in the peripheral pulmonary vessels, are typically present. The aim of this "in vitro" study was to ...
Takacs Peter - - 2010
To measure the effects of estrogen, progesterone and polypropylene mesh on vaginal smooth muscle cell proliferation. Primary smooth muscle cell (SMC) cultures were performed from vaginal biopsies which were then incubated with estradiol (0.1 microM, 1 microM, 10 microM), progesterone (5 nM, 50 nM, 0.5 microM), or polypropylene mesh to ...
Suciu Laura - - 2010
In the last few years, a new cell type - interstitial Cajal-like cell (ICLC) - has been described in digestive and extra-digestive organs. The name has recently been changed to telocytes (TC) and their typical thin, long processes have been named telopodes (TP). To support the hypothesis that TC may ...
Bentzinger C Florian - - 2010
Cellular commitment during vertebrate embryogenesis is controlled by an interplay of intrinsic regulators and morphogenetic signals. These mechanisms recruit a subset of cells in the developing organism to become the ancestors of skeletal muscle. Signals that control progression through the myogenic lineage converge on a battery of hierarchically organized transcription ...
Ribeiro Maximiano P - - 2010
The human umbilical cord (UC) is a biological sample that can be easily obtained just after birth. This biological sample is, most of the time, discarded and their collection does not imply any added risk to the newborn or mother s health. Moreover no ethical concerns are raised. The UC ...
Pacheco-Rodriguez Gustavo - - 2010
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), a rare cystic lung disease with multi-organ involvement, occurs primarily in women of childbearing age. LAM can present sporadically or in association with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Loss of lung function in patients with LAM can be attributed to the dysregulated growth of LAM cells, with dysfunctional TSC1 ...
McCloskey Karen D - - 2010
AIMS: This review summarizes the currently available literature on the localization and proposed functions of a novel group of cells in the urinary bladder known as interstitial cells or interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). METHODS: On-line searches of "Pubmed" for bladder, c-Kit, ICC, interstitial cell and myofibroblast were performed to ...
Maxová H - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is a family of proteolytic enzymes involved in remodeling of extracellular matrix. Although proteolytic enzymes are produced by many cell types, mast cells seem to be more important than other types in remodeling of pulmonary arteries during hypoxia. Therefore, we tested in vitro production of MMPs and ...
Nguyen Hao G - - 2010
Polyploidy, the state of having greater than a diploid content of DNA (e.g., tetraploid, octaploid, etc) has been recognized in a large variety of both, plant and animal cells. Human and murine megakaryocytes, hepatocytes, arterial smooth muscle cells and cardiac myocytes, all develop a certain degree of polyploidy during their ...
Pucovský Vladimír - - 2010
Blood vessels are made up of several distinct cell types. Although it was originally thought that the tunica media of blood vessels was composed of a homogeneous population of fully differentiated smooth muscle cells, more recent data suggest the existence of multiple smooth muscle cell subpopulations in the vascular wall. ...
Tweedell Kenyon S - - 2010
The developmental potential of the limb regeneration blastema, a mass of mesenchymal cells of mixed origins, was once considered as being pluripotent, capable of forming all cell types. Now evidence asserts that the blastema is a heterogeneous mixture of progenitor cells derived from tissues of the amputation site, with limited ...
Tamaki Tetsuro - - 2010
Stem cells other than satellite cells that can give rise to primary myoblasts, which are able to form additional new fibers postnatally, are present in the interstitial spaces of skeletal muscle. These cells are sorted into CD34(+)/45(-) (Sk-34) and CD34(-)/45(-) (Sk-DN) cell fractions, and they are wholly (>99%) negative for ...
Chen Cheng C Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Bioengineering College, Chongqing University, Chongqing, - - 2010
Cells resident in certain hollow organs are subjected routinely to large transient stretches, including every adherent cell resident in lungs, heart, great vessels, gut, and bladder. We have shown recently that in response to a transient stretch the adherent eukaryotic cell promptly fluidizes and then gradually resolidifies, but mechanism is ...
Jiang Qifeng Q Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Bioengineering College, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, - - 2010
Migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from the media to intima constitutes a critical step in the development of proliferative vascular diseases. To elucidate the regulatory mechanism of vacular SMC motility, the roles of caldesmon (CaD) and its phosphorylation were investigated. We have performed Transwell migration assays, immunofluorescence microscopy, ...
Lucero Héctor A - - 2010
The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) catalyzes the extracellular formation of angiotensin II, and degradation of bradykinin, thus regulating blood pressure and renal handling of electrolytes. We have previously shown that exogenously added ACE elicited transcriptional regulation independent of its enzymatic activity. Because transcriptional regulation generates from protein-DNA interactions within the ...
Bukovsky Antonin - - 2009
Previous work from our laboratory demonstrated that sex steroid combinations, but not individual sex steroids alone, cause transdifferentiation of ovarian epithelial cells--ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) and follicular granulosa cells--into neural stem cells (NSC) and differentiating neurons. In the present study we have chosen primary culture of human vascular smooth muscle ...
Mohanty S - - 2010
The expression pattern of caveolin-1 and the distribution of caveolae in the murine placental labyrinth and visceral yolk sac have been determined. Immunoblot analysis demonstrates that both placenta and yolk sac express the protein caveolin-1. Immunofluorescence microscopy was used to determine which cell types in the placental labyrinth and yolk ...
Singh Bhairab N - - 2010
alphaB-crystallin, a small heat shock protein, plays an important role in muscle homeostasis. It gets up-regulated during muscle differentiation and mice lacking alphaB-crystallin die prematurely with extensive muscle wastage. We have examined the role of alphaB-crystallin in muscle development using C2C12 myoblasts as a model system. Over-expression of alphaB-crystallin delays ...
Yamada Michiko - - 2010
Skeletal muscle regeneration and work-induced hypertrophy rely on molecular events responsible for activation and quiescence of resident myogenic stem cells, satellite cells. Recent studies demonstrated that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) triggers activation and entry into the cell cycle in response to mechanical perturbation, and that subsequent expression of myostatin may ...
Souders Colby A CA Division of Molecular Cardiology, Texas A&M Health Science Center College Of Medicine, 1901 South 1st Street, Temple, TX 76504, - - 2009
The permanent cellular constituents of the heart include cardiac fibroblasts, myocytes, endothelial cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that there are undulating changes in cardiac cell populations during embryonic development, through neonatal development and into the adult. Transient cell populations include lymphocytes, mast cells, and macrophages, ...
Lee Tae-Hee - - 2010
RATIONALE: Generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells has been intensively studied by a variety of reprogramming methods, but the molecular and functional properties of the cells differentiated from iPS cells have not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE: To address this issue, we generated iPS cells from human aortic vascular smooth ...
Kashuba Elena - - 2009
We report that the overexpression of mitochondrial ribosomal protein MRPS18-2 (S18-2) can immortalize primary rat embryonic fibroblasts (REFs). The immortalized cells (18IM) lose contact inhibition, form foci, and are capable of anchorage-independent growth. Concurrently, mesodermal markers, such as vimentin, smooth muscle actin, and Fut4, disappear completely. 18IM cells express embryonic ...
Bajracharya Prati - - 2009
Crude water extracts of 13 traditional Korean medicinal ingredients used for leiomyomal treatment were prepared and used to treat human uterine normal myometrial and leiomyomal cell cultures. All the ingredients inhibited proliferation and altered the morphology of both myometrial and leiomyomal cells. Among the 13 ingredients, n-hexane-, chloroform-, and ethylacetate-soluble ...
Clifford Rachel L - - 2009
Increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass plays a critical role in chronic asthmatic airway remodelling. ASM cell hypertrophy and hyperplasia are likely to contribute to increased ASM mass and a variety of mitogens induce ASM proliferation in cell culture. Recent recognition of widespread vitamin D deficiency and identification of the ...
Kothapalli Chandrasekhar R CR Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, - - 2009
The progression of aortic aneurysms (AAs) is typically associated with an activated smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotype, diminished density of mature medial elastic fibers, and an elevated presence of matrix-degrading enzymes, which ultimately leads to vessel rupture. Currently, no surgical or nonsurgical methods are available to regress aneurysms via regeneration ...
Nilius Bernd - - 2009
All cells detect mechanical signals, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. In this issue of Cell, Sharif-Naeini et al. (2009) show that a candidate mechanosensing channel, TRPP2 (PKD2), unexpectedly acts as an inhibitor of a still-elusive stretch-activated cation channel in vascular smooth muscle cells.
Pallafacchina Giorgia - - 2010
The satellite cell of skeletal muscle provides a paradigm for quiescent and activated tissue stem cell states. We have carried out transcriptome analyses on satellite cells purified by flow cytometry from Pax3(GFP/+) mice. We compared samples from adult skeletal muscles where satellite cells are mainly quiescent, with samples from growing ...
Ban Shinichi S Department of Pathology, Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital, 5-11-5 Nishikawaguchi, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-8558, Japan. - - 2009
The origin of myofibroblasts or myofibroblastic cells in the desmoplastic stroma associated with carcinoma invasion has been controversial. In the early invasive area of a rectal adenocarcinoma reported here, an obvious transition between the muscularis mucosa and the bundles of eosinophilic stromal cells observed in the carcinomatous stroma was demonstrated ...
Yu Ji-Yeon - - 2009
Obovatol is known to have various biological activities such as muscle relaxation, anti-gastric ulcer, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and anti-bacterial activities. We examined the effects of JY0691, a newly synthesized obovatol derivative, on the viability and proliferation in rat aortic smooth muscle cells. We also determined the mechanism by which the compound ...
Roche Régis - - 2010
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI), the most common type of incontinence in women, is a frequent and costly ailment responsible for an alteration in the quality of life. Although medical treatment gives some rather deceiving results, surgical techniques that include colposuspension or tension-free vaginal tape, employed in cases of urethral support ...
Siegel Ashley L - - 2009
Skeletal muscle repair and regeneration requires the activity of satellite cells, a population of myogenic stem cells scattered throughout the tissue and activated to proliferate and differentiate in response to myotrauma or disease. While it seems likely that satellite cells would need to navigate local muscle tissue to reach damaged ...
Okayasu Isao - - 2009
Evidence has been provided in ulcerative colitis (UC) that early genomic instability of both epithelial and stromal cells is important for colorectal tumorigenesis, as well as remodeling and morphological alterations of mucosal crypts. To clarify roles of stromal cells in tumor development in UC, the present study focused on heterogeneous ...
Sabnis Abhimanyu A Department of Bioengineering, University of Texas, Arlington, Texas 76010, - - 2009
We have been investigating thermoresponsive hydrogel nanoparticle composite networks to develop photopolymerized hydrogels to deliver drugs for prevention of restenosis after angioplasty. These composite systems can form a gel under physiological conditions and release drugs in response to temperature changes. Our novel system, consisting of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) thermoresponsive nanoparticles, photo cross-linker ...
Han Yaling - - 2010
Transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 has been shown to promote differentiation of smooth muscle cells (SMC) from some precursor cells. Whether endogenous TGF beta1 also contributes to SMC differentiation during embryogenesis, however, remains unclear. In this study, a plasmid-based TGF beta1 RNA interference embryonic stem (ES) cell line was constructed. ...
Kacperczyk A - - 2009
In Coregonus lavaretus, prior the mesoderm segmentation, in cells adjacent to the notochord called adaxial cells MyoD and slow myosin heavy chain (MyHC-slow) proteins were observed. After somite formation, adaxial cells migrate towards the lateral part of the myotome and form a layer of red muscles. Deeper cells differentiate into ...
Acampora K Bethany - - 2010
Restenosis remains a common problem following balloon angioplasty, and it has been speculated that changes in the mechanical environment due to endovascular interventions are correlated with shifts in smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotype. In order to study SMC response to forces similar to those exerted during balloon angioplasty, an in ...
Chang Baojun - - 2009
Overexpression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) has facilitated establishing in vitro model systems for biological research. The plasmid containing hTERT gene was stably transfected into ULTR cells, a retroviral transformed human uterine leiomyomatous smooth-muscle cell line. Cells that express hTERT, termed as ULTR-hT, shared the morphological characteristics of the ...
Frid Maria G - - 2009
All forms of chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH) are characterized by structural remodeling of the pulmonary artery (PA) media, a process previously attributed solely to changes in the phenotype of resident smooth muscle cells (SMC). However, recent experimental evidence in both systemic and pulmonary circulations suggests that other cell types, including ...
Wu Li - - 2009
AIM OF THE STUDY: Danxiongfang (DF) is a new Chinese medicine formula used to treat atherosclerosis and vascular restenosis. The active ingredients in DF are danshensu (DSS), tanshinones (cryptotanshinone, CT) and ferulic acid (FA). The aim of present study was to evaluate the inhibitory effects of DF and its active ...
Hutchings G - - 2009
A strict regulation of contractility in the uterus and fallopian tube is essential for various reproductive functions. The uterus contributes, through either increased contractility or periods of relative quiescence, to: (i) expulsion of menstrual debris, (ii) sperm transport, (iii) adequate embryo placement during implantation, (iv) enlarging its capacity during pregnancy ...
Isenberg Brett C - - 2009
Mechanical compliance is emerging as an important environmental cue that can influence certain cell behaviors, such as morphology and motility. Recent in vitro studies have shown that cells preferentially migrate from less stiff to more stiff substrates; however, much of this phenomenon, termed durotaxis, remains ill-defined. To address this problem, ...
Brooks Naomi E - - 2009
Satellite cells are muscle stem cells capable of replenishing or increasing myonuclear number. It is postulated that a reduction in satellite cells may contribute to age-related sarcopenia. Studies investigating an age-related decline in satellite cells have produced equivocal results. This study compared the satellite cell content of young and aging ...
Vishnudas Vivek K - - 2009
The severely debilitating disease Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Type 1A (MDC1A) is caused by mutations in the gene encoding laminin-alpha2. Bax-mediated muscle cell death is a significant contributor to the severe neuromuscular pathology seen in the Lama2-null mouse model of MDC1A. To extend our understanding of pathogenesis due to laminin-alpha2-deficiency, we ...
Barisione Chiara - - 2009
Cell attachment is provided by cell-matrix and cell-cell bonds, and acts as a regulator of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) survival, activity and homeostasis, as well as of VSMCs response to pathogenic stimuli. In this work we elicited an exclusive cell-cell contact by culturing A7r5 VSMCs on agarose-coated wells to ...
Tigerstedt Nina-Maria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate that the smooth muscle-like cells contributing to neointimal hyperplasia after vascular injury derive from circulating precursor cells. Here, we define the time course of precursor cell influx, the roles of separate vascular layers, and the relative role of migration versus proliferation to intimal hyperplasia. METHODS AND ...
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