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Högfors-Rönnholm Eva - - 2010
The hemolytic activity of cells of smooth and rough phenotypic variants of the Gram-negative fish pathogen Flavobacterium psychrophilum was investigated in two different assays, a microplate and an agarose hemolysis assay, using rainbow trout erythrocytes. The smooth cells showed a high and the rough cells a negligible, concentration dependent, hemolytic ...
Chen Jian-Fu - - 2010
Skeletal muscle satellite cells are adult stem cells responsible for postnatal skeletal muscle growth and regeneration. Paired-box transcription factor Pax7 plays a central role in satellite cell survival, self-renewal, and proliferation. However, how Pax7 is regulated during the transition from proliferating satellite cells to differentiating myogenic progenitor cells is largely ...
Kuo P-L - - 2011
This study is the first to analyse the soluble factors secreted by the bronchial epithelium after exposure to isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) that are responsible for increasing migration and proliferation of primary normal human bronchial smooth muscle cells (BSMCs). We treated immortalised, nontumorigenic human bronchial epithelial cells (cell line BEAS-2B) and ...
Barnes Elizabeth A EA Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, - - 2010
The tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (TSC2) gene encodes the protein tuberin, which functions as a key negative regulator of both mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) C1-dependent cell growth and proliferation. Loss-of-function mutations of TSC2 result in mTORC1 hyperactivity and predispose individuals to both tuberous sclerosis and lymphangioleiomyomatosis. These overlapping diseases ...
Gao Bao-an - - 2010
To investigate the effects of a Chinese herb Cordyceps sinensis (C. sinensis) extract on hypoxia-induced proliferation and the underlying mechanisms involved. This prospective study was carried out at the Central Laboratory of Yichang Central People's Hospital, Yichang, China from March 2008 to April 2010. The C. sinensis was extracted from ...
Verjee Liaquat Suleman - - 2010
The objective was to study Dupuytren's myofibroblast cells in constrained collagen matrices in order to more closely emulate their in vivo environment and, to correlate their contractility with alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) expression and determine if dermal fibroblasts regulate Dupuytren's myofibroblast phenotype. Isotonic and isometric force contraction by cells isolated ...
Griffin Christine A - - 2010
Adult regenerative myogenesis is vital for restoring normal tissue structure after muscle injury. Muscle regeneration is dependent on progenitor satellite cells, which proliferate in response to injury, and their progeny differentiate and undergo cell-cell fusion to form regenerating myofibers. Myogenic progenitor cells must be precisely regulated and positioned for proper ...
Pisconti Addolorata - - 2010
Skeletal muscle postnatal growth and repair depend on satellite cells and are regulated by molecular signals within the satellite cell niche. We investigated the molecular and cellular events that lead to altered myogenesis upon genetic ablation of Syndecan-3, a component of the satellite cell niche. In the absence of Syndecan-3, ...
Passier Robert - - 2010
Since MyoD was used to convert fibroblasts directly to skeletal muscle, biologists have tried to apply this strategy to generate other cell lineages. In their recent Cell paper, Ieda et al. (2010) use selected cardiac transcription factors to directly reprogram fibroblasts to cardiomyocytes without passing through an intervening pluripotent state.
Sarkar Joy - - 2010
Hypoxia stimulates pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation. Recent studies have implicated an important role for microRNAs (miRNAs) in hypoxia-mediated responses in various cellular processes, including cell proliferation. In this study, we investigated the role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) in hypoxia-induced PASMC proliferation and migration. We first demonstrated that miR-21 ...
Ono Y Y King's College London, Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, New Hunt's House, Guy's Campus, London, - - 2011
Satellite cells are the resident stem cells of adult skeletal muscle, supplying myonuclei for homoeostasis, hypertrophy and repair. In this study, we have examined the role of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signalling in regulating satellite cell function. Activated satellite cells expressed BMP receptor type 1A (BMPR-1A/Alk-3) and contained phosphorylated Smad ...
Kim Hak Rim - - 2010
Here we report and validate a new method, suitable broadly, for use in differentiated cells and tissues, for the direct visualization of actin polymerization under physiological conditions. We have designed and tested different versions of fluorescently labeled actin, reversibly attached to the protein transduction tag TAT, and have introduced this ...
Tajika Yuki - - 2010
We examined the expression and intracellular localization of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) during the differentiation of skeletal muscle cells by immunofluorescence microscopy. In isolated single myofibers, VAMP2 was expressed in quiescent satellite cells, downregulated in proliferating myoblastic cells, and re-expressed with differentiation. In the myoblastic cell line C2C12, VAMP2 ...
Liu Wenjie - - 2010
To investigate the effects of various monochromatic lights on early posthatch changes in satellite cell mitotic activity of pectoral muscle, a total of 416 newly hatched broilers were exposed to blue light (BL), green light (GL), red light (RL), and white light (WL) by light emitting diode system for 3 ...
Eyden Brian - - 2011
The free spindled cells of the lamina propria of the gut have been reported as showing fibroblastic, smooth-muscle and myofibroblastic differentiation. A precise understanding of the differentiation of these cells is essential for appreciating their functions, and this paper addresses this question using ultrastructural analysis. Histologically normal samples from different ...
Orekhov A N - - 2010
Increased cell proliferation in early atherosclerotic lesions is recognized as an essential event in atherogenesis but the levels of cell proliferation in the different stages of atherosclerotic plague formation in different types of human large arteries are still insufficiently studied. In the present work, we studied intima thickness and proliferation ...
Kuo Wei-Wen - - 2010
Restenosis is resulted from the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from the arterial media into the intima within the vessel lumen following percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). OSU-03012, a synthetic compound (2-amino-N-{4-[5-(2-phenanthrenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-phenyl} acetamide) acting as a PDK-1 inhibitor, is used as an apoptosis-promoting anticancer drug. However, ...
Barbosa F L FL Cole Eye Institute, The Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine whether myofibroblasts or other cells in the stroma in the cornea produce interleukin (IL)-1alpha or IL-1beta that could modulate myofibroblast viability in corneas with haze after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Twenty-four female rabbits had haze-generating PRK for 9 diopters of myopia and were ...
McKay Bryon R - - 2010
In humans, muscle satellite cell (SC) enumeration is an important measurement used to determine the myogenic response to various stimuli. To date, the standard practice for enumeration is immunohistochemistry (IHC) using antibodies against common SC markers (Pax7, NCAM). Flow cytometry (FC) analysis may provide a more rapid and quantitative determination ...
Buist Martin L - - 2010
The muscular layers within the walls of the gastrointestinal tract contain two distinct cell types, the interstitial cells of Cajal and smooth muscle cells, which together produce rhythmic depolarizations known as slow waves. The bidomain model of tissue-level electrical activity consists of single intracellular and extracellular domains separated by an ...
Xia Luo - - 2010
L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) and LAT2 were shown to encode system L, which mediates the Na(+)-independent transport of branched-chain and aromatic amino acids. We demonstrated previously that LAT2 is a progesterone receptor target gene involved in leiomyoma growth. The role of LAT1 in the regulation of human uterine ...
Kliwer Irina - - 2010
Two sperm cells are required to achieve double fertilization in flowering plants (angiosperms). In contrast to animals and lower plants such as mosses and ferns, sperm cells of flowering plants (angiosperms) are immobile and are transported to the female gametes (egg and central cell) via the pollen tube. The two ...
Gilsohn Eli - - 2010
The formation of complex tissues during embryonic development is often accompanied by directed cellular migration towards a target tissue. Specific mutual recognition between the migrating cell and its target tissue leads to the arrest of the cell migratory behavior and subsequent contact formation between the two interacting cell types. Recent ...
Lepper Christoph C Department of Embryology, Carnegie Institution, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2010
We have generated a mouse strain carrying a Cre-ER(T2) knock-in allele at the Pax7 locus, the Pax7(CE) allele (Lepper et al., 2009, Nature 460:627-631). Combining Pax7(CE) and the R26R(LacZ) Cre reporter allele, here we describe temporal-specific tamoxifen (tmx)-inducible lineage tracing of embryonic Pax7-expressing cells. In particular, we focus on the ...
Hsieh Cheng-Ying - - 2010
Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays an important role in the development of cardiovascular diseases. PMC (2,2,5,7,8-pentamethyl-6-hydroxychromane) is the most potent hydrophilic derivative of vitamin E. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of PMC inhibition of VSMC proliferation in vitro and in vivo. PMC (20 and ...
Lei Yuan - - 2010
The authors sought to develop a technique for isolating and culturing angular aqueous plexus (AAP) cells from more plentiful porcine eyes. AAP is an analogue of Schlemm's canal. Cells were differentially selected with puromycin, a toxin often used to select brain microvascular endothelial cells based on the expression of P-glycoprotein ...
Kim Jeong A - - 2010
Gr1(+)CD11b(+) cells are characterized as myeloid-derived suppressor cells potentially involved in angiogenesis. We demonstrate that Gr1(+)CD11b(+) cells isolated from ischemic muscle in a hind-limb ischemic C57BL/6 mouse model play a role in vessel formation after ischemic injury. Gr1(dim)CD11b(+) cells, a subpopulation of Gr1(+)CD11b(+) cells, within skeletal muscle were increased in ...
Kawamichi Yayoi - - 2010
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is an X-linked recessive genetic disease characterized by severe skeletal muscular degeneration. The placenta is considered to be a promising candidate cell source for cellular therapeutics because it contains a large number of cells and heterogenous cell populations with myogenic potentials. We analyzed the myogenic potential of ...
Hilson Justin B - - 2010
Myoepithelial cells surrounding spaces involved by ductal carcinoma in situ show phenotypic differences from normal myoepithelial cells. Myoepithelial cells are also present around entrapped glandular spaces in benign sclerosing lesions of the breast, but the immunophenotype of these myoepithelial cells has not been characterized. We evaluated myoepithelial cell immunophenotype in ...
Logan Melissa S - - 2010
Current use of prosthetic meshes and implants for myofascial reconstruction has been associated with infectious complications, long-term failure, and dissatisfying cosmetic results. Our laboratory has developed a small animal model for ventral hernia repair, which uses progenitor cells isolated from a skeletal muscle biopsy. In the model, progenitor cells are ...
Jiang Xiaowen - - 2010
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), an essential cofactor for nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, is known to play important roles in modulating both NO and superoxide production during vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. However, the role of BH4 in functions of vascular smooth muscle cells is not fully known. In this study, we ...
Levenberg Shulamit S Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Technion Institute of Technology, Haifa, - - 2010
Herein, we describe a protocol for the isolation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)-derived vascular cells at various stages of development. The cells are isolated from 10 to 15-d-old human embryoid bodies (EBs) cultured in suspension. After dissociation, cells are labeled with anti-CD34 or anti-CD31 (PECAM1) antibody and separated from ...
Cao Ye - - 2010
Vascular smooth muscle cells (vSMCs) cultured in vitro are known to exhibit phenotype hyperplasticity. This plasticity is potentially very useful in tissue engineering of blood vessels. The synthetic phenotype is necessary for cell proliferation on the tissue scaffold but the cells must ultimately assume a quiescent, contractile phenotype for normal ...
Johnston Louise - - 2010
We investigated the 3-dimensional morphological arrangement of KIT positive interstitial cells of Cajal in the human bladder and explored their structural interactions with neighboring cells. Human bladder biopsy samples were prepared for immunohistochemistry/confocal or transmission electron microscopy. Whole mount, flat sheet preparations labeled with anti-KIT (Merck, Darmstadt, Germany) contained several ...
Högfors-Rönnholm Eva - - 2010
Four 'smooth' and 4 'rough' colony phenotypes of the Gram-negative fish pathogen Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolated from rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss were characterized using biochemical, physiological, molecular and virulence tests to better understand the pathogenesis of the bacterium. Biochemically, the 2 cell types did not react significantly differently. Physiologically, the 2 ...
Gill Roop - - 2010
The role of Sulf1A, sulfation and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in satellite-cell growth was examined in an in vitro model of dissociated whole skeletal muscle fibres. Pax7-positive quiescent satellite cells express little or no Sulf1A but show rapid re-expression in regenerating myoblasts and myotubes, similar to embryonic muscle and in ...
Sağsöz H - - 2011
Abstract The localization and distribution of estrogen receptors (ERα) and progesterone receptors (PR-B) in the cervix and vagina of sexually mature bovines during the follicular and luteal phases of the sexual cycle were studied using immunohistocehmistry. The estrous cycle stage of 23 Holstein bovines was assessed by gross and histological ...
Min Kyung-Whan - - 2010
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most frequent spindle cell tumor in the gastrointestinal tract and may arise from esophagus to rectum. The stomach is the most frequent site, followed by small intestine, rectum, and esophagus. There have been some regional differences reported in their histopathologic and clinical presentations. The ...
Westergren-Thorsson Gunilla - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Airway remodelling refers to a wide pattern of pathophysiological mechanisms involving smooth muscle cell hyperplasia, increase of activated fibroblasts and myofibroblasts with deposition of extracellular matrix. In asthma, it includes alterations of the epithelial cell layer with goblet cell hyperplasia, thickening of basement membranes, peri-bronchial and peri-bronchoalveolar fibrosis. Moreover, ...
Ramos-Barbón David - - 2010
RATIONALE: Airway remodeling in asthma comprises increased airway smooth muscle (ASM), an alteration linked to airway hyperresponsiveness and disease severity. Experimental studies showed that T cells adhere to ASM through vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and drive ASM growth through direct contact between the T cells and smooth muscle alpha-actin ...
Suzuki Takahiro - - 2010
Satellite cells, resident myogenic stem cells found in postnatal skeletal muscle, are most abundant during early postnatal development and sharply decline in frequency thereafter to adult levels in mice and rats. Therefore, postnatal changes in satellite cell mitotic activities are important aspects for further understanding a muscle growth strategy. In ...
Berntsen P - - 2010
The past decade has seen significant increases in combustion-generated ambient particles, which contain a nanosized fraction (less than 100 nm), and even greater increases have occurred in engineered nanoparticles (NPs) propelled by the booming nanotechnology industry. Although inhalation of these particulates has become a public health concern, human health effects ...
Gao Lin L Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2010
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are multipotent cells that can differentiate into many cell types. Chondrogenesis is induced in hMSCs cultured as a micromass pellet to mimic cellular condensation during cartilage development, and exposed to transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta). Interestingly, TGFbeta can also induce hMSC differentiation to smooth-muscle-like cell ...
Popescu L M - - 2010
Ramon y Cajal discovered a particular cell type in the gut, which he named 'interstitial neurons' more that 100 years ago. In the early 1970s, electron microscopy/electron microscope (EM) studies showed that indeed a special interstitial cell type corresponding to the cells discovered by Cajal is localized in the gut ...
Abou-Khalil Rana - - 2010
In skeletal muscle, satellite cells, that are responsible of muscle repair, are localized close to capillaries. Although angiogenesis is known for a long time to be crucial for muscle repair and satellite cell survival, cellular interplays between vessel cells and satellite/myogenic cells have been poorly explored. We analyzed the interrelationships ...
Sumino Yasuhiro - - 2010
AIMS: To examine the effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on the myogenic differentiation of human urethral rhabdosphincter (RS) satellite cells. METHODS: Human RS was obtained from patients undergoing radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. Selectively cultured RS satellite cells, transfected with temperature sensitive simian virus-40 ...
Shefer Gabi - - 2010
In this study we explored the expression pattern of SVEP1, a novel cell adhesion molecule (CAM), in bona fide satellite cells and their immediate progeny. We show that SVEP1 is expressed in activated satellite cells prior to their determination to the myogenic lineage. SVEP1 was also expressed during early phases ...
Uckert S - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that interstitial cells might play a role in controlling and synchronizing via gap junctions the electrical activity of smooth muscle cells. The expression and distribution of interstitial cells in human penile erectile tissue was evaluated to determine whether or not ...
Seyama Kuniaki - - 2010
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare neoplastic disease in which abnormal smooth muscle-like cells (LAM cells) proliferate in the lungs and along the axial lymphatic systems, including the lymph nodes and thoracic ducts. LAM cells are transformed due to loss-of-function type mutations of either the TSC1 or TSC2 tumor suppressor genes. ...
Darling Thomas N - - 2010
The cells comprising pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are heterogeneous, with variable mixtures of cells exhibiting differentiation towards smooth muscle, fat, and vessels. Cells grown from LAM and AMLs have likewise tended to be heterogeneous. The discovery that LAM and AMLs contain cells with mutations in the TSC1 ...
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