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Mishra Vivek - - 2012
The effect of noncytotoxic doses of argemone oil (AO) and butter yellow (BY), the common adulterants in edible oil, on free radical generation and signaling pathway for cell proliferation in primary cells of gall bladder (GB) was undertaken. AO and BY showed no cytotoxicity at 0.1 μl/ml and 0.1 μg/ml concentration, respectively. ...
Montagner Isabella Monia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: A previously described hydrosoluble paclitaxel-hyaluronan bioconjugate appears particularly well suited for treatment of superficial bladder cancer because of its in vitro cytotoxic profile against urothelial carcinoma (UC) cell lines and in vivo biocompatibility. The aim of this work was to assess the mechanism of action of the bioconjugate in ...
Valentine Beth A - - 2012
Adult onset progressive alopecia and leukotrichia developed in 2 registered black Angus cows, aged 6 and 7 years. Histopathologic findings in skin were prominent melanin clumping and degeneration of matrix cells with formation of giant multinucleate cells within hair bulbs, accompanied by peribulbar melanin incontinence and fibrosis and dystrophic hair ...
Sun Yubo - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss recent advances in the understanding of the nature of meniscal calcification and its relationships with meniscal degeneration and cartilage lesions in osteoarthritis. RECENT FINDINGS: Calcium crystals are universally present in hyaline articular cartilage, as well as the meniscus of ...
Claudino Mário Angelo - - 2012
Sickle cell anemia is one of the best studied inherited diseases, and despite being caused by a single point mutation in the HBB gene, multiple pleiotropic effects of the abnormal hemoglobin S production range from vaso-occlusive crisis, stroke, and pulmonary hypertension to osteonecrosis and leg ulcers. Urogenital function is not ...
Quiroga-Garza Gabriela - - 2012
Objective: We identified unique vegetable cell-like structures in urinary diversion specimens. This study aimed to describe their cytomorphology and prevalence and to investigate the possible origin of these contaminants. Study Design: A 10-year retrospective review of urinary diversion urine specimens with reported vegetable cell-like structures was performed. Data regarding patient ...
Brassesco Maria S - - 2012
Bladder cancer is a common malignancy worldwide. Despite the increased use of cisplatin-based combination therapy, the outcomes for patients with advanced disease remain poor. Recently, altered activation of the PI3K/ Akt/mTOR pathway has been associated with reduced patient survival and advanced stage of bladder cancer, making its upstream or downstream ...
Pinto-Leite Rosário - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine whether everolimus, a rapamycin derivative, might significantly enhance the cytotoxicity of gemcitabine, an antitumor drug, in two human bladder-cancer cell lines. Human bladder-cancer T24 and 5637 cells were incubated with gemcitabine and everolimus in a range of concentrations either alone or in ...
Mota-Ortiz Sandra Regina SR Laboratory of Neural Basis of Behavior, City University of Sao Paulo, UNICID, Sao Paulo, SP 03071-000, - - 2012
Previous studies using morphine-treated dams reported a role for the rostral lateral periaqueductal gray (rlPAG) in the behavioral switching between nursing and insect hunting, likely to depend on an enhanced seeking response to the presence of an appetitive rewarding cue (i.e., the roach). To elucidate the neural mechanisms mediating such ...
Keichel S - - 2011
BACKGROUND In patients diagnosed with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE), foci of endometriosis are detected in mesorectal lymph nodes (LNs) after segmental bowel resection and in pelvic sentinel LNs. Lymph vessels (LVs) seem to be the possible routes for the dissemination of endometriotic cells from DIE-lesions to LN. Therefore, we conducted ...
Pagliari Carla - - 2011
Langerhans cells are identified by the expression of langerin. We detected this molecule in cutaneous and mucosal lesions in paracoccidioidomycosis, an important infection in Latin America. Langerin+ cells were scarcely distributed, with short dendrites in epidermis and epithelium and were frequent in the dermis and corium, in the inflammatory infiltrate ...
Schoft Vera K VK Gregor Mendel Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, 1030 Vienna, - - 2011
In double fertilization, the vegetative cell of the male gametophyte (pollen) germinates and forms a pollen tube that brings to the female gametophyte two sperm cells that fertilize the egg and central cell to form the embryo and endosperm, respectively. The 5-methylcytosine DNA glycosylase DEMETER (DME), expressed in the central ...
Zonia Laura - - 2011
Scientific progress stimulates the evolution of models used to understand and conceptualize biological behaviors. The widely accepted cell wall model of pollen tube growth explains stochastic growth of the apical pectin wall, but fails to explain the mechanism driving oscillations in growth and cell signaling. Recent advances led to the ...
Houben Andreas - - 2011
Microgametogenesis in angiosperms results in two structurally and functionally different cells, one generative cell, which subsequently forms the sperm cells, and the vegetative cell. We analysed the chromatin properties of both types of nuclei after first and second pollen mitosis in rye (Secale cereale). The condensed chromatin of generative nuclei ...
Caversaccio Marco - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Albrecht von Haller (1708-1777) discovered the infraorbital ethmoid cells, also known as Haller's cells, in 1743. The aim of this historical study is to trace both the different terminology used to name them from the time they were first described anatomically, and the progressive understanding of the role they ...
W Genheimer Chistopher - - 2011
Bladder tissue has been regenerated in humans with neurogenic bladder using an implant produced from autologous urothelial (UC) and smooth muscle cells (SMC) expanded from bladder biopsies seeded onto a biodegradable synthetic scaffold. As the majority of bladder cancers are urothelial carcinomas (aka, transitional cell carcinoma), this 2-cell type autologous ...
Schulten V - - 2011
To cite this article: Schulten V, Nagl B, Scala E, Bernardi ML, Mari A, Ciardiello MA, Lauer I, Scheurer S, Briza P, Jürets A, Ferreira F, Jahn-Schmid B, Fischer GF, Bohle B. Pru p 3, the nonspecific lipid transfer protein from peach, dominates the immune response to its homolog in ...
Cohen Smadar - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis is unknown. Chronic inflammation along with local tissue hypoxia may effect polyp's growth. Activation of Cycloxygenases may also be involved. COX-2 up-regulates in response to different stimuli including hypoxia. Its activation is associated with enhanced cell proliferation. Histologically, besides ...
Shinkai Toko - - 2011
It has been reported that the smooth muscles in fetal airways exhibit spontaneous phasic contractions throughout gestation. However, the mechanism of these spontaneous contractions is unknown. In the bowel wall, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs), which are derived from c-kit positive precursor cells, play an important role as pacemaker cells ...
Cui Yong-Hua - - 2011
The reasons for the down-regulated Clara cell 10-kDa protein (CC10) expression in allergic rhinitis (AR) are unclear and the airway remodeling in AR has received little attention. This study explores epithelium remodeling and the change of CC10 secreting cells in AR by using a murine model. AR murine models were ...
Speit Günter - - 2011
The frequencies of micronuclei (MN), histopathological changes and cell proliferation were determined in the nasal epithelium of male Fischer-344 rats after exposure to formaldehyde (FA) by whole-body inhalation for four weeks (6 hr/day, 5 days/week). Groups of 12 rats each were exposed to the target concentrations of 0, 0.5, 1, ...
Peng Hao-Fan - - 2011
Our laboratory recently reported a new source of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) derived from hair follicle (HF) mesenchymal stem cells. HF-SMCs demonstrated high proliferation and clonogenic potential as well as contractile function. In this study, we aimed at engineering the vascular media using HF-SMCs and a natural biomaterial, namely small ...
Ueno-Yamanouchi Aito - - 2011
Allergen-specific IgE production is a hallmark of allergic asthma/rhinitis/eczema. Theoretically this could be due to a high number of allergen-specific B cells or allergen-specific T cells helping allergen-specific B cells differentiate into IgE-producing plasma cells. Here, we determined whether the number of allergen-specific B cells or T helper (Th) cells ...
Knasmueller Siegfried - - 2011
Genotoxicity experiments with exfoliated nasal mucosa cells are a promising minimally invasive approach for the detection of DNA-damaging compounds in ambient air. Results of single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assays with individual cells and organ cultures from bioptic material show that DNA damage caused by compounds such as nitrosamines, polycyclic ...
Kolesarova Adriana - - 2011
The general objective of this in vitro study was to examine the effect of bee pollen on the release of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and steroid hormone progesterone, and expression of markers of proliferation (PCNA) and apoptosis (caspase-3) in porcine ovarian granulosa cells. Concentrations of IGF-I and progesterone were ...
Chuang Cheng-Hsin - - 2011
This paper develops a dielectrophoretic (DEP) chip with multi-layer electrodes and a micro-cavity array for programmable manipulations of cells and impedance measurement. The DEP chip consists of an ITO top electrode, flow chamber, middle electrode on an SU-8 surface, micro-cavity arrays of SU-8 and distributed electrodes at the bottom of ...
Osterlund Camilla - - 2010
Background: Exposure to seasonal or indoor allergens may cause sensitisation and development of allergic airway diseases. We have previously demonstrated that the non-proteolytic major house dust mite (HDM) allergen Der p 2 stimulates pro-inflammatory responses in bronchial epithelial cells. We aimed to determine if other clinically relevant non-proteolytic aeroallergens originating ...
Galbiati V - - 2010
Several European Union legislations request the use of in vitro methods for toxicological evaluations, including sensitization, in order to increase consumer safety but also to reduce the use of animals. The EU project SENS-IT-IV addresses the need of developing predictive in vitro tests to assess contact and respiratory hypersensitivity reactions. ...
Lässer Cecilia - - 2011
Exosomes are nanovesicles of endocytic origin released by cells and present in human body fluids such as plasma, breast milk, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. These vesicles take part in communication between cells. Recently, it was shown that exosomes contain both mRNA and microRNA. This RNA can be shuttled between cells ...
Kocaefe Cetin - - 2010
Human umbilical cord stromal mesenchymal stem cells (hUCS-MSCs) have the potential to differentiate into numerous cell types including epithelial cells, neurons and hepatocytes in vitro, in addition to mesenchyme-derived cells such as osteocytes, chondrocytes and adipocytes. One important property of these cells is the lack of type II major histocompatibility ...
Ayaki Masahiko - - 2010
In the present study, we evaluated the cytotoxicity of anti-allergic ophthalmic solutions in cultured corneal and conjunctival cells, namely SIRC (rabbit corneal epithelium), BCE C/D-1b (bovine corneal epithelial cells), RC-1 (rabbit corneal epithelium), and Chang (human conjunctival cells). The viability of cell cultures was determined following the exposure of cells ...
Lan Haibing - - 2010
Airway remodeling in asthma is characterized by increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass, accompanied by cell migration. It is well known that the proliferation and migration of ASM cells (ASMCs) play a key role in airway remodeling, but the precise mechanism modulating these cellular events remains unclear. One of the ...
Guildford Anna L - - 2011
In-stent restenosis is a clinical complication following coronary angioplasty caused by the implantation of the metal device in the atherosclerotic vessel. Histological examination has shown a clear contribution of both inflammatory and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to the deposition of an excess of neointimal tissue. However, the sequence of events ...
Segev Amit - - 2011
We evaluated the role of p15(Ink4), a member of the INK4 family of CDK inhibitors on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation, cell cycle progression and intimal hyperplasia after stenting. Aortic VSMCs transduced with either adenovirus encoding for p15(Ink4) or β-galactosidase were assessed for DNA synthesis, cell cycle progression, and ...
Jalouli Maroua - - 2010
Transitin is a nestin-like intermediate filament protein co-expressed with vimentin in the precursor cells of the myogenic and neurogenic lineages of the avian embryo. To understand its role in myogenesis, stable cell lines expressing transitin-targeted siRNAs were derived from the quail muscle cell line QM7. When cells were cultured in ...
Okamoto Koichi K Gastroenterologic Surgery, Department of Oncology, Division of Cancer Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8640, Japan. - - 2010
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is characterized as a highly fatal tumor with poor prognosis because of its strong progression, early invasion, widespread metastasis and rich cancerous stroma. Although it is widely accepted that fibroblasts facilitate stromal fibrosis and tumor progression, the mechanisms of the interaction between cancer cells and activated fibroblasts ...
Ikeda Yoshihiko - - 2011
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is characterized by cystic lung destruction, resulting from proliferation of smooth-muscle-like cells, which have mutations in the tumor suppressor genes TSC1 or TSC2. Among 277 LAM patients, severe disease was associated with hypoxia and elevated red blood cell indexes that accompanied reduced pulmonary function. Because high red cell ...
Yamamoto Atsushi - - 2011
D: -Aspartate (D: -Asp) is an endogenous substance in mammals. Degradation of D: -Asp is carried out only by D: -aspartate oxidase (DDO). We measured DDO activity in porcine tissues, and produced an anti-porcine DDO antibody to examine the cellular localization of DDO. All the tissues examined showed DDO activities, ...
Lee Jiyeon - - 2010
A new method for studying wound healing under realistic conditions in vitro was developed. The method involves creating defined patterns of damaged cell debris with poly(dimethyl)siloxane (PDMS) stamping. This novel assay permitted the quantification of wound healing rates in the presence of cell debris. Experimental results with this assay suggest ...
Yanagisawa Michiko - - 2011
A high concentration of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) stimulates myogenic progenitor cells to undergo heterotopic osteogenic differentiation. However, the physiological role of the Smad signaling pathway during terminal muscle differentiation has not been resolved. We report here that Smad1/5/8 was phosphorylated and activated in undifferentiated growing mouse myogenic progenitor Ric10 ...
Kranebitter M - - 2010
Using L6 skeletal muscle cell line, rendered insulin resistant by incubation with triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLs), we sought to answer the question whether pioglitazone has direct effects on this cell line. Incubation of L6 cells with TGRLs led to an increase in the intramyocellular triglyceride content. Moreover, TGRLs led to a ...
Perrotta Ida - - 2011
During diverse pathological conditions, vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) characteristically change from a quiescent, contractile phenotype to a proliferative, synthetic state, migrate toward the intima, and synthesize excess extracellular matrix. Although reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generally considered to be toxic to cells, recent evidence suggests that they may also ...
Brandling-Bennett Heather A - - 2010
Nevi or nests of cells may be made up of a variety of cell types. The cell types that live in the epidermis include epidermal cells or keratinocytes, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, apocrine and eccrine glands, and smooth muscle cells. This article discusses epidermal or keratinocyte nevi, nevus sebaceous, nevus ...
Ricotti Leonardo - - 2010
An increasing interest in bio-hybrid systems and cell-material interactions is evident in the last years. This leads towards the development of new nano-structured devices and the assessment of their biocompatibility. In the present study, the development of free-standing single layer poly(lactic acid) (PLA) ultra-thin films is described, together with the ...
Wakabayashi Mutsumi - - 2010
Stem cells from various organs have been shown to regenerate muscle cells. Among them, skin-derived cells are promising because of their easy accessibility. We separated murine dermal cells into Sca-1 (+) and (−) fractions and investigated which of them could differentiate into muscle cells. After the cells were aggregated for ...
Quatresooz Pascale - - 2010
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a rare gadolinium-dependent disorder of the skin and viscera. The aim of this study was to revisit some immunopathologic clues of NSF, including the characterization of glycosaminoglycans, cell tensegrity, and cell proliferation in the dermis. Immunohistochemistry was done using antibodies directed to vimentin, CD34, Factor ...
Biressi Stefano S Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5235, - - 2010
Satellite cells, the adult stem cells responsible for skeletal muscle regeneration, are defined by their location between the basal lamina and the fiber sarcolemma. Increasing evidence suggests that satellite cells represent a heterogeneous population of cells with distinct embryological origin and multiple levels of biochemical and functional diversity. This review ...
Torsney Evelyn - - 2011
Homeostasis of the vessel wall is essential for maintaining its function, including blood pressure and patency of the lumen. In physiological conditions, the turnover rate of vascular cells, i.e. endothelial and smooth muscle cells, is low, but markedly increased in diseased situations, e.g. vascular injury after angioplasty. It is believed ...
Zhang Jue J Center for Cancer and Stem Cell Biology, Institute of Biosciences and Technology, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030-3303, - - 2010
Heart valves develop from precursor structures called cardiac cushions, an endothelial-lined cardiac jelly that resides in the inner side of the heart tube. The cushions are then invaded by cells from different sources, undergo a series of complicated and poorly understood remodeling processes, and give rise to valves. Disruption of ...
Gomez Delphine - - 2011
Human thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) are characterized by extracellular matrix breakdown associated with progressive smooth muscle cell (SMC) rarefaction. These features are present in all types of TAA: monogenic forms [mainly Marfan syndrome (MFS)], forms associated with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), and degenerative forms. Initially described in a mouse model ...
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