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Results 201 - 250 of 817
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Yamada T - - 1997
Sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) has been shown to be a potent mitogen for Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts and also to be an inhibitor of cell growth of some cancer cells, suggesting cell-selective action of the lipid. We examined the effects of SPC, and its structurally-related sphingosine (SP), sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1-P) and membrane-permeable derivatives ...
Li S F - - 1997
A cell line of mesodermal origin, FS9, was found to release a Cell Orienting Factor into its culture medium. In contrast with the random migration of controls, the orienting activity causes migrating mesenchymal cells to form an orderly "halo' surrounding tissue explants; individual cells and their cytoskeletons are elongated and ...
Woods T L - - 1997
The objective of this experiment was to determine the growth characteristics of bovine embryonic muscle cells and to optimize the growth conditions for these cells using commercially-prepared media and sera. In the first study, the growth of muscle cells isolated from the hindlimb was determined by measuring DNA content. The ...
Du M - - 1997
This study showed that nitric oxide (NO)-generating S-nitrosothiols, S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), increased proliferation of BALB/c 3T3 (clone A31-1-1) fibroblasts in vitro. Treatment with SNAP at a relatively low concentration (0.005-0.02 mM) induced an increase in cell number compared to control. SNAP (0.005-0.02 mM) and GSNO (0.025-0.05 mM) both ...
Kirschfink M - - 1997
We recently characterized a species of proteochondroitin sulfate (CSPG) secreted by human B cell lines that closely resembles in its structure the serum-derived C1q inhibitor (C1qI). These proteoglycans have in common a molecular mass of approximately 130 to 150 kDa with a core protein of 30 kDa to which up ...
Chou C C - - 1997
Serum deprivation or exposure of NIH 3T3 cells to actinomycin D (0.25-1.0 microgram/ml; 1 h) was associated with the accumulation of numerous apoptotic cells, as identified by their condensed nuclei and the decrease in cell size. In contrasts, v-H-ras-transformed NIH 3T3 cells were found to be resistant to this apoptosis ...
Geberhiwot T - - 1997
Incubation of intact U-937 cells with 0.1 microM [gamma-32P]ATP for 10 min resulted in Mg(2+)-independent radiolabelling of about 40 cell surface proteins, some of which became more intensely labelled when cells were differentiated. Presence of 2% newborn calf serum revealed major labelling of three serum proteins with molecular weights of ...
Meivar-Levy I - - 1997
Previous studies demonstrated that inhibition of sphingolipid synthesis by the mycotoxin fumonisin B1 (FB1) disrupts axonal growth in cultured hippocampal neurons (Harel, R., and Futerman, A. H. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 14476-14481) by affecting the formation or stabilization of axonal branches (Schwarz, A., Rapaport, E., Hirschberg, K., and Futerman, ...
Wójcik C - - 1997
Different established cell lines (SK-v human keratinocytes, B16F10 mouse melanoma, Muntjac fibroblasts, 3T3 mouse fibroblasts, CLV human fibroblasts) as well as primary cultures of mouse fibroblasts and giant cells were treated with N-benzyloxycarbonyl-Ile-Glu(O-t-butyl)-Ala-leucinal (proteasome inhibitor, PSI), a specific inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like activity of the proteasome. PSI induced well characterized ...
Kawai N - - 1996
Mobility of anionic residue-containing molecules on 3T3 and simian virus 40-transformed 3T3 (SV40-3T3) cell surfaces was ultrastructurally examined using polycationic ferritin (CF) particles in vitro. CF-binding experiments at 4 degrees C showed continuous distribution of CF particles on entire surfaces of both cells. When 3T3 cells were incubated with CF ...
Kogerman P - - 1996
CD44s (standard isoform) levels and hyaluronan-binding activity were investigated in Balb/c 3T3 cells and their derivatives transformed with ras or sis oncogenes as a function of serum concentration in the medium. 3T3 cells contained low levels of CD44 and did not bind hyaluronan when grown in medium containing 0.5 or ...
Park S J - - 1996
The survival of mast cells are dependent on two kinds of growth factors, one derived from T cells (IL-3) and another derived from fibroblasts (stem cell factor [SCF]). The 3T3 fibroblast cell line derived from WCB6F(1-)+/+ mouse embryos (+/+ 3T3 fibroblasts) supported the proliferation of bone marrow-derived cultured mast cells ...
Koop S - - 1996
Escape of cancer cells from the circulation (extravasation) is thought to be a major rate-limiting step in metastasis, with few cells being able to extravasate. Furthermore, highly metastatic cells are believed to extravasate more readily than poorly metastatic cells. We assessed in vivo the extravasation ability of highly metastatic ras-transformed ...
Kaul S C - - 1996
An 81 kDa protein was found to be highly expressed in spontaneously immortalized CD1-ICR mouse fibroblasts, RS-4, as compared to normal fibroblasts. RS-4 cells have a reduced serum requirement and exhibit multilayered growth in vitro but are not tumorigenic. The protein was purified from RS-4 cell extracts and used to ...
Guo Y - - 1996
Previous studies in this laboratory have implicated the membrane transport protein Na/K/Cl cotransporter (NKCC1) as an important component of the signaling pathways activated by phorbol esters in BALB/c 3T3 cells. The NKCC1 protein functions as a Na/K/Cl cotransporter in BALB/c 3T3 cells and many other cell types. Loss of NKCC1 ...
Duffy C - - 1996
The aims of this study were to investigate in mouse embryonic stem cells (1) the requirement for myo-inositol for cell proliferation, (2) the incorporation of inositol into the phosphoinositides and inositol phosphates of the phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) signal transduction system and (3) the effect of serum growth factors on PtdIns turnover. ...
Le Doux J M - - 1996
Using a model recombinant retrovirus encoding the Escherichia coli lacZ gene, we have found that medium conditioned with NIH 3T3 cells and packaging cell lines derived from NIH 3T3 cells inhibits infection. Most of the inhibitory activity was greater than 100 kDa and was sensitive to chondroitinase ABC digestion, which ...
Inooka S - - 1996
Sphingosine, a core unit of sphingolipids, has been shown to mediate intracellular signaling events. It is conceivable that sphingosine could act as an intracellular messenger as well as an intracellular modulator, if sphingosine were to be transferred intercellularly. Murine interleukin-2 (IL-2) dependent T-lymphocyte CTLL cells, murine fibroblasts Swiss 3R3 cells, ...
Chen H - - 1996
Thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) and thrombospondin 2 (TSP2) are members of the thrombospondin family that have a similar structural organization but somewhat different functional activities. Iodinated recombinant mouse TSP2 bound to NIH 3T3 cells and was internalized and degraded through a chloroquine-inhibitable pathway. TSP2 degradation was saturable, specific, and similar to ...
Ng Y C - - 1996
The rates of cell attachment of the anchorage-dependent mammalian cell line Vero to the gelatin-based macroporous microcarrier Cultispher-G were determined under various conditions. An optimal rate of attachment (0.98 x 10(-2) min(-1)) occurred by an intermittent stirring regimen of 3 min stirring at 40 rpm per 33 min. This stirring ...
Gallina A - - 1996
Human cytomegalovirus phosphoprotein pp65 is targeted to the cell nucleus immediately after infection. Deletion and point mutation analysis of the pp65 gene expressed in insect cells showed that two hydrophilic regions (HP1 and HP2) within the pp65 C-terminal 40% each harboured an independent nuclear localization signal (NLS); strong association to ...
Podo F - - 1996
Although evidence supports constitutive activation of phosphatidylcholine specific phospholipase C (PC-plc) in rastransformed fibroblasts, no studies have been devoted to measure the basal activity levels of this enzyme, its molecular characteristics and subcellular localization. This paper reports for the first time measurements of the activity of different enzymes responsible for ...
Rauly I - - 1996
The somatostatin receptor subtype sst2 mediates both activation of a tyrosine phosphatase activity and inhibition of cell proliferation induced by somatostatin analogues. In the absence of exogenous ligand, expression of sst2 in NIH 3T3 cells resulted in inhibition of cell growth. Polymerase chain reaction coupled to reverse transcription demonstrated that ...
Balogh A - - 1996
Stathmin is a 19-kDa, ubiquitous cytoplasmic phosphoprotein whose expression is strongly regulated during tissue development and maturation and which was proposed as a general relay integrating diverse intracellular signaling pathways. Since myoblasts tend to align and differentiate in vitro toward myotubes above a certain density in culture, we examined the ...
Baghdiguian S - - 1996
Suramin is a polysulfonated compound currently under investigation for the treatment of various types of cancer. Pharmacokinetic studies from clinical trials in humans have shown that most of the circulating drug is associated with serum albumin. The objective of the present study was to investigate the intracellular localization of suramin ...
Niwa H - - 1996
We have cloned a novel putative serine/threonine kinase-encoding gene, designed STK-1, from murine embryonic stem (ES) cell and testis cDNA libraries. The kinase most closely related to STK-1 is Xenopus laevis XLP46 protein kinase which shows 71% amino-acid identity to STK-1 between their kinase domains. Nevertheless, STK-1 is conserved throughout ...
Casanueva F F - - 1996
Bombesin (BN) acts as an autocrine mitogen in various human cancers. Several pseudononapeptide BN-(6-14) analogs with a reduced peptide bond between positions 13 and 14 have been shown to suppress the mitogenic activity of BN or gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) when assessed by radioreceptor or proliferation assays and may have significant ...
Wu J - - 1996
In neoplastic cells, levels of DNA methyltransferase activity are often increased, and evidence is accruing to suggest an important role for this event in tumorigenesis. To evaluate this possibility further, and to investigate the contribution of increasing de novo, as opposed to maintenance, DNA methylation in mammalian cells, we expressed ...
Jiang M C - - 1996
Curcumin, which is a widely used dietary pigment and spice, has been demonstrated to be an effective inhibitor of tumor promotion in mouse skin carcinogenesis. We report that curcumin induces cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation, and DNA fragmentation, characteristics of apoptosis, in immortalized mouse embryo fibroblast NIH 3T3 erb B2 oncogene-transformed ...
Dvoránková B - - 1996
This study demonstrates how the pretreatment of poly HEMA disks with bovine serum influences the adhesion of human keratinocytes in vitro. The ability of these cells to migrate from poly HEMA disks to a polystyrene petri dish surface colonized with irradiated 3T3 cells is also evaluated. The stimulatory effect of ...
Esteve P - - 1995
We have previously reported that rho genes, members of the ras superfamily, are tumorigenic when overexpressed in NIH 3T3 cells. As other known oncogenes, they also induce apoptosis after serum deprivation but not in the presence of growth factors. In the present study, we provide evidence that overexpression of the ...
Tzeng E - - 1995
Murine inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) is catalytically active only in dimeric form. Assembly of its purified subunits into a dimer requires H4B. To understand the structure-activity relationships of human iNOS, we constitutively expressed recombinant human iNOS in NIH 3T3 cells by using a retroviral vector. These cells are ...
Magistrelli G - - 1995
Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) have been implicated in the control of cell proliferation and differentiation. To isolate new members of this family potentially involved in cell growth regulation, we looked for PTPase sequences differently expressed in proliferating or quiescent NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. The full-length cDNA of one of these growth-regulated ...
Rosenwald I B - - 1995
There is evidence that resting cells are able to produce molecules with antiproliferative activity, some of which behave as short-lived repressor proteins. We suggest that transient inhibition of protein synthesis in resting cells would lead to a decrease in the levels of these negative growth regulators and might, therefore, promote ...
Belyavskyi M - - 1995
A stable bovine papillomavirus E1 expressing cell line (C2E1) was used to investigate the effects of E1 protein on the requirement for growth factors during serum-induced reentry from quiescence to proliferation. Flow cytometric bivariate DNA/PCNA analysis was utilized to study the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) concomitant with ...
Looney R J - - 1995
T cell activation initiated via the CD3/TCR complex requires signals provided by the interaction between costimulatory receptors on T cells and their corresponding ligands on accessory cells. Human dermal fibroblasts are reported to be deficient in this costimulatory activity and normally cannot serve as accessory cells for activation of resting ...
McNamee C J - - 1995
Agents which increase the intracellular concentration of cyclic adenosine-5'-monophosphate, induce a highly arborised morphology in a proportion of sub-confluent Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts. During this process the organisation of actin filaments progressively changes from a characteristic stress fibre pattern to leave a network of actin filaments within each and every arborisation. ...
Obara K - - 1995
We investigated the role of myosin light chain (MLC20) phosphorylation (MLC-P) in non-muscle contractility by comparing MLC-P and the contractile properties of wild type 3T3 fibroblasts and 3T3 fibroblasts expressing the catalytic domain of myosin light chain kinase (tMK). MLC-P is 0.96 MOL of PO4/mol of MOL20 in cell expressing ...
Kitchen J R - - 1995
Hyaluronic acid (HA) and its synthesis were studied in intact Swiss 3T3 mouse fibroblasts and isolated membranes. HA chains in culture medium, attached to cells and in isolated membranes, were determined to possess average M(r) values of 5.2 x 10(6), 1.8 x 10(6) and 0.14 x 10(6) respectively. Log cells ...
Rodríguez J P - - 1995
Multipotential hemopoietic progenitor cells (FDCP-mix) proliferate in culture medium supplemented with horse serum. When transferred to a medium without serum, cells do not proliferate and enter a quiescent state. Both proliferative and quiescent cells synthesize only chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CS-PG) which is associated to the cell membrane. Incorporation of 35SO4 ...
Hamada H - - 1995
Thrombomodulin (TM) is an anticoagulant endothelial cell surface glycoprotein containing six tandem epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like structures. We prepared a recombinant TM peptide (rTME1-6, from R214GHWA to DSGK466 of native TM) composed of these six EGF-like structures and investigated the effect of rTME1-6 peptide on the growth of the Swiss ...
Saqr H E - - 1995
GM1, GD1a, and GT1b inhibit both PDGF-stimulated and serum-stimulated DNA synthesis in Swiss 3T3 cells and the human glioma cell line U-1242 MG in a dose-dependent manner. The ganglioside inhibitory effect is counteracted in a dose-responsive fashion by serum such that ganglioside-induced inhibition is essentially abolished in 10% serum. Because ...
Shayovits A - - 1995
Growth rates of different clones, all derived from NIH 3T3 mouse fibroblasts, were determined. Four different types of cells were studied: (1) Normal NIH 3T3 fibroblasts; (2) a fast-growing NIH 3T3 clone obtained by repeated passages; (3) transformed clones (obtained by transfecting NIH 3T3 with the oncogene c-Ha-ras); (4) a ...
Nakanishi S - - 1995
The synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2], the immediate precursor of intracellular signals generated by calcium-mobilizing hormones and growth factors, is initiated by the conversion of phosphatidylinositol to phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate [PtdIns(4)P] by phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase (PtdIns 4-kinase). Although cells contain several PtdIns 4-kinases, the enzyme responsible for regulating the synthesis of hormone-sensitive ...
Engelmann S - - 1995
Proteoglycans are mediators of cellular adhesion and regulate growth factor activities. Proteoglycans of B lymphocytes undergo structural changes during B cell ontogeny which may correspond to the specific requirements of the respective microenvironment of the maturing cell. We analyzed three human B cell lines representing pre-B cells (Nalm-6), activated B ...
Schwarz M A - - 1995
In inflammatory states, nitric oxide (.NO) may be synthesized from precursor L-arginine via inducible .NO synthase (iNOS) in large amounts for prolonged periods of time. When .NO acts as an effector molecule under these conditions, it may be toxic to cells by inhibition of iron-containing enzymes or initiation of DNA ...
Jeffrey I W - - 1995
The levels and subcellular distribution of the interferon-inducible double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase PKR have been measured in human Daudi cells and stably transfected mouse NIH 3T3 cells expressing the human protein kinase. Immunofluorescence of intact cells and quantitative immunoblotting of cell extracts indicate that PKR occurs in both the cytoplasm ...
Daniel R - - 1995
To determine the role of c-abl during cell growth, we constructed a retrovirus vector alpha A, capable of expressing an antisense RNA directed against the abl mRNA. Based on v-abl-mediated 3T3 transformation assay, we showed that the number of transformed foci was reduced 50-94% when alpha A-infected 3T3 cells were ...
Singh P - - 1995
We have reported previously mitogenic effects of gastrin on several immortalized and neoplastic cell lines, including Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts. Receptor subtypes, cholecystokinin (CCK)-A and CCK-B, for a closely related peptide, cholecystokinin, were recently cloned. These studies were undertaken to investigate if CCK-A- and CCK-B receptors were perhaps mediating the mitogenic ...
Lembo D - - 1995
p202 is a protein expressed in murine cells after Interferon treatment. Although the function of p202 is still basically unknown, its ability to bind the hypophosphorylated form of the retinoblastoma protein pRb suggests a possible role in the control of cell proliferation. To investigate the role of p202 we have ...
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