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Kuo W - - 2000
The main physiological function of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is to produce NADPH and ribose 5-phosphate, which are essential for reductive biosynthesis and nucleic acid synthesis. In normal cells, G6PD expression is tightly controlled; however, in many tumors, regulation of its expression is altered, resulting in a significant increase in G6PD ...
Watson P H - - 2000
We have recently demonstrated that the receptor for parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related peptide (PTHrP), PTHR, can be localized to the nucleus of cells within the liver, kidney, uterus, gut, and ovary of the rat. We set out to determine the localization of the PTHR in cultured osteoblast-like cells. MC3T3-E1, ...
Burleigh D - - 2000
The aim of this study was to establish the cause of insensitivity of T(84) human colonic epithelial cells to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). Monolayers of T(84) cells were placed in modified Ussing chambers for measurement of short-circuit current, an index of secretion. When grown in serum-supplemented media, T(84) cells gave secretory responses ...
Alban P S - - 2000
It has been demonstrated previously that motile Borrelia burgdorferi cells transform into non-motile cyst-forms when incubated for several weeks in BSKII (a complex medium) lacking rabbit serum. B. burgdorferi cells cannot synthesize fatty acids de novo and serum is thought to provide a source of fatty acids and lipids. When ...
Higuchi A - - 2000
The growth and spreading of fibroblast, L929 cells, on various polymeric films prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) and casting methods were investigated. L929 cells, which were cultivated on collagen and synthetic polymeric films prepared by the LB method, adhered and spread much more than those on synthetic films prepared by ...
Berven L A - - 1999
Thrombin stimulates both DNA synthesis and cell morphological changes in Swiss 3T3 cells, although the mechanism of signal coordination leading to these responses is unknown. We report here that nitric oxide (NO) donors selectively enhance thrombin-stimulated p70(S6k) activity by 40-60%, an effect that was sustained for 24 h. Potentiation of ...
Gray A - - 1999
We have tested the binding specificities of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domains of protein kinase B (PKB) and GRP1 (general receptor for phosphoinositides-1), expressed as green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion proteins [PH(PKB)GFP and PH(GRP1)GFP respectively] in HEK 293 cells and Swiss 3T3 cells, using confocal microscopy. Stimulation of HEK 293 ...
Djabali K - - 1999
The small heat-shock protein alphaB-crystallin interacts with intermediate filament proteins. Using cosedimentation assay, we showed previously that in vitro binding of alphaB-crystallin to peripherin and vimentin was temperature-dependent. Furthermore, when NIH 3T3 cells were submitted to different stress conditions a dynamic reorganization of the intermediate filament network was observed concomitantly ...
Evanko S P - - 1999
Hyaluronan is a high molecular weight glycosaminoglycan found in the extracellular matrix of many tissues, where it is believed to promote cell migration and proliferation. It was recently shown that hyaluronan-dependent pericellular matrix formation is a rapid process that occurs as cells detach during mitosis. Growing evidence for intracellular hyaluronan ...
Wright J H - - 1999
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is required for mitogenesis in somatic mammalian cells and is activated by a wide variety of oncogenic stimuli. Specific roles for this signaling module in growth were dissected by inhibiting MAPK kinase 1 (MAPKK1) activity in highly synchronized NIH 3T3 cells. In addition to ...
Kameshwar-Rao A S - - 1999
When deprived of serum, oligodendroglialike (OLN 93) cells grown on poly-L-lysine-coated culture dishes cease to proliferate after 3 days and morphologically extend many fibers resembling morphologically differentiated, immature oligodendrocytes. At this time no cell death is apparent unless serum deprivation is extended for a period longer than 1 week. After ...
Boensch C - - 1999
The cell surface retention sequence (CRS) binding protein-1 (CRSBP-1) is a newly identified membrane glycoprotein which is hypothesized to be responsible for cell surface retention of the oncogene v-sis and c-sis gene products and other secretory proteins containing CRSs. In simian sarcoma virus-transformed NIH 3T3 cells (SSV-NIH 3T3 cells), a ...
Paul S - - 1999
The in vitro anti-proliferative properties of various supernatants from MUC1-expressing cell lines and of purified preparations of MUC1 were evaluated. We have observed that supernatants from the MUC1-and MUC3-positive cell line T47D, but not from the MUC1- and MUC4-positive cell line MCF7, were able to inhibit proliferation of cells from ...
Devin C - - 1999
Bombesin pseudo-peptide analogues containing a hydroxamide function on the C-terminal part of the molecule, e.g. H-D-Phe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-NHOBzl 1 and H-D-Phe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-NHOH 2 were synthesized. These compounds were tested for their ability to recognize the bombesin receptor on rat pancreatic acini and on 3T3 cells, to stimulate (i) amylase secretion from rat pancreatic ...
Kiss Z - - 1999
The endogenous cannabinoid arachidonoylethanolamide was previously reported to have no effects on the phospholipase D activity in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing the human brain-specific cannabinoid receptor, while in mouse peritoneal cells, delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol stimulated this enzyme. In this work, arachidonoylethanolamide (0.1-1 microM) was found to stimulate the phospholipase D-mediated phospholipid ...
Nishihara H - - 1999
Full length cDNA of M-DOCK was isolated at Kazusa DNA Institute and its sequence has been deposited as KIAA0209. The cDNA sequence of M-DOCK contains a 5490 bp open reading frame that encodes a 1830-aa protein with a calculated molecular mass of 212 kDa. The amino acid sequence of M-DOCK ...
Volonte D - - 1999
Caveolin-1, a suspected tumor suppressor, is a principal protein component of caveolae in vivo. Recently, we have shown that NIH 3T3 cells harboring anti-sense caveolin-1 exhibit a loss of contact inhibition and anchorage-independent growth. These observations may be related to the ability of caveolin-1 expression to positively regulate contact inhibition. ...
Serguera C - - 1999
Cell encapsulation offers a safe and manufacturable method for the systemic delivery of therapeutic proteins from genetically engineered cells. However, control of dose delivery remains a major issue with regard to clinical application. We generated populations of immortalized murine NIH 3T3 fibroblasts that secrete mouse erythropoietin (Epo) in response to ...
Shah G - - 1999
Eukaryotic cells, in general, require serum for growth in vitro. Serum is a complex mixture of a large number of constituents, so the addition of serum introduces an ambiguous factor into cell cultivation. However, many commercially available sera are of a high uniform quality. Of these, foetal bovine serum is ...
Lubiniecki A S - - 1999
Growth of continuous cell lines for preparing biopharmaceuticals in the absence of animal serum has been attempted by many organizations to improve process and product quality, prevent exposure to adventitious agents, and reduce costs. Literature surveys suggest that substantial academic studies on serum-free medium have been pursued for many decades, ...
Bogdan J A - - 1998
The human BTG1 protein is thought to be a potential tumour suppressor because its overexpression inhibits NIH 3T3 cell proliferation. However, little is known about how BTG1 exerts its anti-proliferative activity. In this study, we used the yeast 'two-hybrid' system to screen for interacting protein partners and identified human carbon ...
Schwartz J R - - 1998
The function of ovarian interstitial cells has been largely addressed using rat theca-interstitial cell culture. However, this preparation is primarily enriched with theca and secondary interstitial cells, which make it difficult to address selectively the function of the primary interstitial cells. We have developed an in vitro culture of hamster ...
Drews R - - 1998
Single multifunctional oncoproteins contribute to genomic instability development, but relationships between one or more oncoprotein-associated activities and genetic changes accompanying tumor cell progression are uncertain. Using NIH 3T3 derivative EN/NIH 2-20 containing transcriptionally silent neomycin phosphotransferase gene (neo) integrants with undetectable spontaneous reactivations, we studied wild-type (WT) and mutant adenovirus ...
Zhu Y - - 1998
To establish a continuous cell line, freshly prepared rat parotid acinar cells were stably transfected with a plasmid vector containing the SV40 large T antigen. The acinar origin of these cells was confirmed by Western blotting, enzyme analysis, and morphological analysis. Transformed cells grown in 10% rat serum showed a ...
Fuhr G - - 1998
Animal cells release traces of material onto glass or silicon surfaces during adhesion and migration. This little studied phenomenon is a widespread and normal concomitant of cell migration. The paper introduces the study of such material. The traces can be visualised by different microscopic techniques (e.g. TIRF, IRM, CLSM, AFM, ...
Isumi Y - - 1998
In addition to endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells, we demonstrated that adrenomedullin (AM) is synthesized and secreted from fibroblasts, Swiss 3T3, Hs68, and NHLF cells, in a native and biologically active form. Synthesis and secretion of AM from these fibroblasts was regulated by inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor ...
Galdieri M - - 1998
Peritubular cells, a mixed population of myoid and non-myoid cells obtained by enzymatic treatments of rat seminiferous tubules, are currently utilized as a myoid cell population. We have morphologically and biochemically compared peritubular cells and purified myoid cells isolated from prepubertal rats. The two cell populations appear morphologically similar when ...
Tanigaki Y - - 1998
Cytotoxic effects of normal mouse serum on mouse tumor cells were investigated in vitro. When FE melanoma cells of C57BL/6 mouse origin, were cultured in medium containing 1% fetal calf serum (FCS) and 10-30% C57BL/6 mouse serum, number of viable FE cells markedly decreased after a little increase in their ...
Yang J J - - 1998
Several specific cell cycle activities are dependent on cell-substratum adhesion in nontransformed cells, and the ability of the Ras oncoprotein to induce anchorage-independent growth is linked to its ability to abrogate this adhesion requirement. Ras signals via multiple downstream effector proteins, a synergistic combination of which may be required for ...
Xia X - - 1998
PC cell derived growth factor (PCDGF) is an 88-kDa glycoprotein purified from the culture medium of the highly tumorigenic mouse teratoma-derived cell line PC. PCDGF was shown to stimulate the proliferation of 3T3 fibroblasts and PC cells. Amino acid sequencing of PCDGF indicated its identity to the precursor for the ...
Bereiter-Hahn J - - 1998
Metabolism in cultured cells strongly depends on cell density, thus cell density may be an important factor in biotechnological maintenance of cell cultures. Therefore the energy metabolism of three related cell types with different proliferation activity has been characterised: density controlled primary or secondary fibroblasts [pmf], immortalized, but still density ...
Malewicz B - - 1998
Ethanolamine (Etn), as well as its N-methyl (MeEtn) and N,N-dimethyl (Me2Etn) analogues, were recently shown to potentiate the stimulatory effect of insulin on DNA synthesis in serum-starved NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. In the present work we assessed the impact of the co-mitogenic effects of Etn and its methyl analogues on cell ...
Chow M - - 1998
Low lethality treatment of the NIH 3T3 mouse cell line with methotrexate (MTX) during exponential multiplication results in heterogeneous, heritable reduction in growth rate of most if not all the replicatively surviving cells. The effective concentrations of MTX are 10 to 100 times higher in molecular, cellular and developmental biology ...
Verderio E - - 1998
Tissue transglutaminase (tTgase) catalyzes the posttranslational modification of proteins by forming Ca2(+)-dependent intermolecular epsilon (gamma-glutamyl) lysine crosslinks; however, its physiological function is unclear despite increasing evidence for its involvement in the extracellular environment. To define where the enzyme is active and characterizes targets of crosslinking we have modulated tTgase expression ...
Finocchiaro L M - - 1998
A specific antibody combined with a fluorescein-labeled immunoglobulin was used to investigate the topographic distribution of melatonin in a variety of cells of different origins. Positive identification of both nuclear and cytosolic melatonin was confirmed in all the tested cells: Swiss 3T3 mouse fibroblasts, BCG1 bovine granulosa, NB41A3 mouse neuroblastoma, ...
Khil L Y - - 1997
Insulin has pleiotropic effects on the regulation of cellular growth, differentiation, and metabolism. The biochemical events ultimately leading to cell proliferation after insulin treatment have been demonstrated in detail by numerous research groups. However, depending on cell types, it has been shown that insulin has various effects on cell proliferation. ...
Jacobson K A - - 1997
The lateral mobility of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) was examined using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP). Various isoforms of human NCAM, differing in their ectodomain, their membrane anchorage mode or in the size of their cytoplasmic domain, were expressed in NIH 3T3 cells and C2C12 muscle cells. When ...
Cross M J - - 1997
Growth factors and certain oncogenes activate a range of phospholipid-mediated signal transduction pathways resulting in cell proliferation. Demethoxyviridin (DMV), a structural analogue of wortmannin and recently reported as a potent inhibitor of phosphoinositide-3-kinase, inhibited bombesin plus insulin-stimulated increase in cell number in Swiss 3T3 cells, a model of cell proliferation. ...
Detjen K - - 1997
Rat cholecystokinin-B (CCK-B) receptors were transfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 (CHO-CCK-B) and Swiss 3T3 (Swiss 3T3-CCK-B) cells, and the effects of receptor activation on cell proliferation and intracellular signaling were investigated. CCK octapeptide (CCK-8) treatment had no effect on cell growth in quiescent CHO-CCK-B cells but inhibited DNA synthesis, ...
Battaglia P - - 1997
Tat is known to act both in a 'cell autonomous' and in 'cell non-autonomous' manner, i.e. Tat can function as a powerful transcription factor both inside the cell in which it is expressed and also in cells not expressing Tat. However, the distance at which Tat can act by the ...
Wan H - - 1997
Many lung cancer cell lines are resistant to the growth inhibitory effects of retinoids. However, some small-cell lung cancer cell lines were inhibited by all trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) in serum-free medium. We compared the responses of seven non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines to ATRA in serum-free medium and ...
Takahashi N - - 1997
Retinoylation (retinoic acid acylation) is a post-translation modification of proteins occurring in a variety of mammalian cell lines and in vivo. To gain further knowledge of the role of retinoylation we studied it in NIH 3T3 cells and NIH 3T3 cells transformed by an activated Ha-ras oncogene (NIH Ha-ras-3T3 cells). ...
Kizhatil K - - 1997
Murine ecotropic leukemia viruses use a common receptor for entry into host cells; however, the site of virus fusion appears to differ with the host cell. Entry in mouse NIH 3T3 fibroblasts is by endocytosis, whereas entry in rat XC sarcoma cells is by surface fusion. We report here the ...
Zhang S - - 1997
Mouse cells are not susceptible to infection with echovirus 1 (EV-1) because they lack the viral receptor, human VLA-2. Two mouse fibroblast cell lines, L cells and 3T3 cells, were made susceptible to EV-1 infection after transformation with cDNAs of human VLA-2. After EV-1 infection, L cell transformants of human ...
Paini C - - 1997
The effect of a short treatment with keratinocyte-conditioned medium (KCM) on the growth of normal human epidermal keratinocytes was investigated. Serum-free MCDB153 medium was conditioned by keratinocytes for 24 h after plating. Following attachment to uncoated plastic surfaces (4 h after plating), cells were exposed for 20 h to KCM. ...
Kato G - - 1997
To investigate whether overexpression of human c-Src leads to cell rounding in anchorage-dependent NIH 3T3 fibroblasts, we have established c-Src-inducible cell lines using a lac repressor-operator system. RN1 cells, which expressed c-Src at a high level after induction, exhibited a spherical morphology and ceased to grow in monolayer culture. RN1 ...
Miceli M V - - 1997
PURPOSE: To examine whether the vitronectin (VN) in serum is responsible for the serum stimulation of phagocytosis in the rod outer segment (ROS) by cultured retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS: Vitronectin was removed from fetal bovine serum by heparin-agarose affinity chromatography. Concentrations in normal and depleted serum were determined ...
Basu S - - 1997
DNA therapeutics show great potential for gene-specific, nontoxic therapy of a wide variety of diseases. The deoxyribose phosphate backbone of DNA has been modified in a number of ways to improve nuclease stability and cell membrane permeability. Recently, a new DNA derivative with an amide backbone instead of a deoxyribose ...
Zhou F Y - - 1997
We have examined the importance of cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) in fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling. 3T3 cells grown under conventional conditions were much more sensitive to FGF-2 compared to FGF-1. However, cells were equally sensitive to FGF-1 and FGF-2 using conditions which reduced the effect of endogenous ...
Chen Z P - - 1997
Hypusine formation on the eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF-5A) precursor is ubiquitously present in eukaryotic cells and archebacteria. In this reaction, deoxyhypusine synthase catalyzes the conversion of one unique lysine residue on eIF-5A to deoxyhypusine using spermidine as the substrate. Hydroxylation of the deoxyhypusine residue completes hypusine formation on eIF-5A. ...
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