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Gregory Powell J - - 2004
Follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) frequently harbors the PAX8/PPARgamma fusion gene (PPFP); however, its oncogenic role and mechanism(s) of action remain undefined. We investigated PPFP's effects on cell growth, apoptosis, cell-cell, and cell-matrix interactions in immortalized human thyroid cells (Nthy-ori 3-1) and NIH 3T3 cells. PPFP expression increased the growth of ...
Pavillard Valérie - - 2004
Methionine dependence is a feature unique to cancer cells, exhibited as inability to grow in a methionine-depleted environment supplemented with homocysteine, the immediate metabolic precursor of methionine. This study explores the effect of methionine depletion and homocysteine supplementation on the viability, sulfur amino acid metabolism and cell-cycle kinetics of normal ...
Fontana Laura - - 2003
In spite of its broad host range, adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) transduces a number of clinically relevant tissues and cell types inefficiently, mostly because of low expression of the coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR). To improve gene transfer to such cells, we modified the Ad5 fiber knob to recognize novel receptors. We ...
Ritter Markus - - 2003
ICln is a multifunctional protein that is essential for cell volume regulation. It can be found in the cytosol and is associated with the cell membrane. Besides its role in the splicing process, ICln is critically involved in the generation of ion currents activated during regulatory volume decrease after cell ...
Kyker Kimberly D - - 2003
Elucidating the mechanisms by which the phenotype of cancer cells is modulated by the extracellular matrix (ECM) potentially identifies mechanisms that could be exploited for cancer control. Three readily available bladder cancer cell lines of different aggressiveness were grown on a bioscaffold material (Small Intestine Submucosa: SIS) under a variety ...
Kitani Takako - - 2003
A cDNA encoding the homolog of the human pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF), a cytokine-like secreted protein, was isolated from a rat cDNA library. This protein existed in both the cytoplasm and nucleus of the cells, and the amount was higher in the cytoplasm than in the nucleus of proliferating PC-12 ...
Johnston J B - - 2003
Subversion or appropriation of cellular signal transduction pathways is a common strategy employed by viruses to promote an environment within infected cells that supports the viral replicative cycle. Using subsets of 3T3 murine fibroblasts previously shown to differ in their ability to support myxoma virus (MV) replication, we investigated the ...
Ailenberg Menachem - - 2003
Trichostatin A (TSA) is a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor with potential in cancer therapeutics. In a recent communication, we demonstrated that TSA is a selective, potent inhibitor of gelatinase A in 3T3 fibroblasts. In the present study, we extend these observations and examine the effects of TSA in 3T3 fibroblasts ...
LI Chonghua, WANG Hongzhong, ...
Genistein and daidzein are two principle isoflavonoids in soybeans. They have received increasing attention in the past few years because of their possible roles in cancer prevention. Here are provided experimental evidences that genistein could inhibit the growth of human ladder carcinoma cells (ECV-304), human colon cancer cells (HT29), human ...
Labský Jirí - - 2003
Large-scale production of keratinocytes by cell culture is of interest for medical applications. Long-term cultivation of epidermal cells is presently possible with feeder cells, i.e. 3T3 fibroblasts with arrested mitosis, or with specially formulated culture medium. To define refinements for in vitro conditions, the analysis of the natural environment with ...
Schmitz Hans-Dirk - - 2003
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a key enzyme of the glycolytic pathway. Recent studies have demonstrated an additional role in apoptosis: GAPDH is targeted to the nucleus during apoptotic signalling. This nuclear transport has also been observed in serum-depleted cells, but it is reversible in fibroblasts, in contrast to apoptotic-induced transport ...
Gómez-Díaz Consuelo - - 2003
We have previously shown that inhibition of NAD(P)H:quinone acceptor oxidoreductase 1 with dicoumarol decreases growth and viability of HL-60 cells in the absence of serum. Here we demonstrate that culturing HL-60 cells in serum-free medium in the presence of dicoumarol results in a significant potentiation of apoptosis. However, when cells ...
Hashemi Sayed Hossein - - 2003
The CAD cell line originates from catecholaminergic neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) of a simian virus large T antigen transgenic mouse. In the present study, we have immunohistochemically characterized the cell line after differentiation in serum-free medium, using immunofluorescence in combination with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), immunoblot, ...
Hug T S - - 2002
The use of microscopic observations used for in situ monitoring of cell proliferation in the production of epidermal autografts is not satisfactory. In particular, the identification of the projected cell area from microscopic pictures by image analysis (IA) depends on intensity edges and level of contrasts and is thus limited ...
Salmon M L - - 2002
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) is a persistent organic pollutant that has been found to be bioaccumulating in several Arctic regions of the world. The response of embryonic cells to HCB exposure has been evaluated for several different cytotoxic responses, including genotoxic effects. NIH 3T3 (mouse) and WS1 (human) embryonic cells were exposed ...
Coleman Aaron B - - 2002
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (bFGF/FGF-2) is a pleiotropic growth factor that functions as a survival factor and directs apoptosis during embryogenesis and development. As a survival factor, FGF-2 would be expected to protect cells against drug toxicities. Such protection has been reported in some cells treated with some chemotherapeutic drugs. However, ...
Provenzano Claudia - - 2002
In Balb 3T3 murine fibroblasts infected with retroviruses carrying the v-src oncogene, treatment with the glucocorticoid hormone dexamethasone induces a 10-fold increase in the number of transformed foci and of anchorage-independent colonies. In contrast, in NIH-3T3-infected cells the number of foci and of colonies growing in soft agar is considerably ...
Pang Tianxiang - - 2002
The calcineurin B homologous protein (designated CHP1) has been shown to be a common essential cofactor for the plasma membrane Na(+)/H(+) exchangers (NHEs) (Pang, T., Su, X., Wakabayashi, S., and Shigekawa, M. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 17367-17372). In this study, we characterized the function of another isoform of CHP ...
Kassab Kawser - - 2002
The present work has been carried out to obtain detailed information about the photophysical and photobiological properties of selected cyanines, in view of their possible use as photosensitizing agents. All the cyanines studied by us except CY-IV (3,3'-diethyl-4,4'-oxacarbocyanine), expressed an accelerated photobleaching in aqueous medium, a poor generation of singlet ...
García-Gasca T - - 2002
Some protease inhibitors (PI), such as the soybean Bowman-Birk protease inhibitor (SBBI), have been described as anticarcinogenic agents. Although PI are ubiquitous compounds in living organisms, the anticarcinogenic potential of PIs other than SBBI remain poorly explored. We evaluated the antiproliferative effect of a protein fraction from tepary bean (Phaseolus ...
Baladrón Victoriano - - 2002
Levels of dlk, an EGF-like homeotic protein, are critical for several differentiation processes. Because growth and differentiation are, in general, exclusive of each other, and increasing evidence indicates that Dlk1 expression changes in tumorigenic processes, we studied whether dlk could also affect cell growth. We found that, in response to ...
Huang Andy - - 2002
It is unclear whether the presence of interleukin-2 soluble receptor alpha (IL-2 sRalpha) in the serum of colorectal cancer patients is solely due to T cell activation. In this study, we therefore investigated whether T cell activation, indicated by the up-regulation of the CD25 and HLA-DR markers, or cell-mediated immunity ...
Trzewik J - - 2002
A new technology to analyze mechanical properties of adherent cell monolayers grown on elastic silicon membranes is introduced. Measurements were performed using 3T3 (NIH) fibroblasts under the influence of Cytochalasin D and Thrombin. The stress-strain relation of the cell monolayer-silicon-composite was monitored. The drum-like construct of the culture chamber opens ...
Osada A - - 2001
Germinative cells, small cell masses attached to the stalks of dermal papillae that are able to differentiate into the hair shaft and inner root sheath, form follicular bulb-like structures when co-cultured with dermal papilla cells. We studied the growth characteristics of germinative cells to determine the cell types in the ...
Paski Shirley C. - - 2001
Increasing evidence shows that labile intracellular zinc is metabolically important. Depletion of labile intracellular zinc using chelators suppresses DNA synthesis. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that labile intracellular zinc could be modulated via varying zinc nutrition. This could result in an altered availability of labile intracellular zinc, which, ...
Faucheux N - - 2001
Controlling cell shape induced by cell-substrata interaction appears of prime importance to influence subsequent biological processes such as cell migration, proliferation, differentiation or apoptosis. Studies on Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts have recently provided evidence that cell spreading is mediated by integrins and RhoA. Our previous studies showed that on Cuprophan, a ...
Smee D F - - 2001
Two inhibitors of cellular inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, mycophenolic acid (MPA) and ribavirin, were evaluated for inhibitory activity against orthopoxviruses. Unrelated antipoxvirus agents tested for comparison included 6-azauridine, cidofovir (HPMPC) and cyclic HPMPC. MPA inhibited camelpox, cowpox, monkeypox and vaccinia viruses by 50% in plaque reduction assays at 0.2-3 microM in ...
Sato K - - 2001
Proteins secreted by cancer cells may be useful as tumor markers. We analyzed constituents produced by cells grown in serum-free conditioned medium to avoid confounding factors present in serum. Mass spectrometric techniques were used to obtain expression patterns of constituents between 2000 and 15000 Da from as little as 1 ...
Zhukova E - - 2001
We examined whether protein kinase D (PKD) overexpression in Swiss 3T3 cells potentiates the proliferative response to either the G protein-coupled receptor agonists bombesin and vasopressin or the biologically active phorbol ester phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu). In order to generate Swiss 3T3 cells stably overexpressing PKD, cultures of these cells were ...
Schmitz H D - - 2001
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH; E.C. 1.2.1.12) functions as a glycolytic enzyme within the cytoplasm, but beside its metabolic function it is involved in early steps of apoptosis, which trigger the translocation of GAPDH into the nucleus. As apoptosis can be induced by serum withdrawal, which otherwise causes cell cycle arrest, the ...
Yousaf M N - - 2001
This report describes the development of an electroactive mask that permits the patterning of two different cell populations to a single substrate. This mask is based on a self-assembled monolayer of alkanethiolates on gold that could be switched from a state that prevents the attachment of cells to a state ...
Paddenberg R - - 2001
The intracellular distribution of gelsolin in NIH 3T3 cells was examined by immunostaining using affinity-purified polyclonal gelsolin antibodies before and after induction of apoptosis by serum withdrawal. Serum deprivation induced detachment of an increasing number of NIH 3T3 cells, but also apoptosis in attached cells as verified morphologically by chromatin ...
Hansen J - - 2001
Adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV) is a single-stranded-DNA-containing, nonpathogenic human parvovirus that is currently in use as a vector for human gene therapy. However, the transduction efficiency of AAV vectors in different cell and tissue types varies widely. In addition to the lack of expression of the viral receptor and ...
Kwon Y J - - 2001
Retrovirus-mediated gene transfer is one of the most commonly used methods to deliver, integrate, and express the gene of interest because the retrovirus can insert the desired gene into the chromosome of the target cells with high stability. However, to deliver the gene successfully, the retrovirus requires active division to ...
Chou C C - - 2001
We obtained evidence that increased stability of nucleophosmin/B23 is involved in antiapoptotic effect of ras during serum deprivation. Nucleophosmin/B23 in serum-deprived (0% serum) NIH-3T3 cells was found to be highly unstable with a half-life less than 4 h. In contrast, nucleophosmin/B23 in serum-deprived ras-transformed (RAS-3T3) cells was as stable as ...
Griewe G L - - 2001
Laser-capture microdissection is a recently discovered state-of-the-art method to obtain cells for genetic analysis. It is a one-step procedure that allows capture of selected cells under direct microscopic visualization.
Haroun-Bouhedja F - - 2000
The anticoagulant and antiproliferative effects of low molecular weight fucans with different sulfate content were examined. The anticoagulant activity was determined by activated partial thromboplastin time and the antiproliferative one was achieved in vitro on CCL39 fibroblast cell line. The results showed that inhibitory effects of fucans on both coagulation ...
Crosby J S - - 2000
Protein synthesis in reticulocytes depends on the availability of heme. In heme deficiency, inhibition of protein synthesis correlates with the activation of heme-regulated eIF-2alpha kinase (HRI), which blocks the initiation of protein synthesis by phosphorylating eIF-2alpha. HRI is a hemoprotein with 2 distinct heme-binding domains. Heme negatively regulates HRI activity ...
Abel A - - 2000
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) regulates biological processes by binding to G protein-coupled receptors. In Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts, expressing the V(1a) subtype of vasopressin receptors, AVP mobilizes calcium from intracellular stores. In proliferating cells, the AVP-induced increase in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) was mediated by G proteins of the G(q) family, which ...
Stiens L R - - 2000
For the detection of autoantibodies to thyroid stimulating hormone receptors (TSH-R) in Graves' disease based on a novel coated tube assay system, human TSH-R is needed in large amounts. Whereas expression of TSH-R in bacteria, yeast, or insect cells results in nonfunctional, denaturated receptor, mammalian cells such as COS, CHO, ...
Ma D - - 2000
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) shows potent and relatively specific protective effects on dopaminergic neurons. However, the size of the GDNF protein (MW 32-42 kDa) precludes the clinical use of GDNF via parenteral administration. It would thus be useful to have a cell line that stably secretes GDNF with ...
Takahashi S - - 2000
We have reported that human interferon, one of cytokines present in serum, can confer hypomutability on various human cells. On the contrary, we have also reported that serum factors from cancer patients can enhance cell mutability. Therefore, it seems likely that cell mutability is changed by cytokine-like serum factors in ...
Bychenok S - - 2000
Phospholipase D (PLD) activity is elevated in Ras-transformed NIH 3T3 cells. This difference in PLD activity between Ras-transformed and nontransformed parental cells disappeared in isolated membranes from these cells. In reconstitution experiments, heat-denatured cytosolic fractions from Ras-transformed, but not parental, NIH 3T3 cells elevated PLD activity in isolated membranes. This ...
Geng H - - 2000
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) overexpressed from a heterologous promoter drives the tumorigenic transformation of NIH 3T3 cells and provides a model to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. These transformed cells, designated NODC cells, exhibit elevated levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase (Tyr-k) activity relative to control transfected cells ...
Kuo W - - 2000
The main physiological function of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is to produce NADPH and ribose 5-phosphate, which are essential for reductive biosynthesis and nucleic acid synthesis. In normal cells, G6PD expression is tightly controlled; however, in many tumors, regulation of its expression is altered, resulting in a significant increase in G6PD ...
Watson P H - - 2000
We have recently demonstrated that the receptor for parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related peptide (PTHrP), PTHR, can be localized to the nucleus of cells within the liver, kidney, uterus, gut, and ovary of the rat. We set out to determine the localization of the PTHR in cultured osteoblast-like cells. MC3T3-E1, ...
Burleigh D - - 2000
The aim of this study was to establish the cause of insensitivity of T(84) human colonic epithelial cells to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). Monolayers of T(84) cells were placed in modified Ussing chambers for measurement of short-circuit current, an index of secretion. When grown in serum-supplemented media, T(84) cells gave secretory responses ...
Alban P S - - 2000
It has been demonstrated previously that motile Borrelia burgdorferi cells transform into non-motile cyst-forms when incubated for several weeks in BSKII (a complex medium) lacking rabbit serum. B. burgdorferi cells cannot synthesize fatty acids de novo and serum is thought to provide a source of fatty acids and lipids. When ...
Higuchi A - - 2000
The growth and spreading of fibroblast, L929 cells, on various polymeric films prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) and casting methods were investigated. L929 cells, which were cultivated on collagen and synthetic polymeric films prepared by the LB method, adhered and spread much more than those on synthetic films prepared by ...
Berven L A - - 1999
Thrombin stimulates both DNA synthesis and cell morphological changes in Swiss 3T3 cells, although the mechanism of signal coordination leading to these responses is unknown. We report here that nitric oxide (NO) donors selectively enhance thrombin-stimulated p70(S6k) activity by 40-60%, an effect that was sustained for 24 h. Potentiation of ...
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