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Bhumika Stitipragyan S Laboratory of Comparative Endocrinology, Division Animal Physiology and Neurobiology, Biology Department, KU Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, - - 2014
Spontaneous functional recovery from injury in the adult human nervous system is rare and trying to improve recovery remains a clinical challenge. Nervous system regeneration is a complicated sequence of events involving cell death or survival, cell proliferation, axon extension and remyelination, and finally reinnervation and functional recovery. Successful recovery ...
Paridaen Judith Tml JT Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Dresden, - - 2014
During vertebrate development, a wide variety of cell types and tissues emerge from a single fertilized oocyte. One of these tissues, the central nervous system, contains many types of neurons and glial cells that were born during the period of embryonic and post-natal neuro- and gliogenesis. As to neurogenesis, neural ...
GhoshMitra Somesree - - 2013
Recently, huge interest has been generated in investigating the possible therapeutic use of tunable magnetic nanostructures to overcome the existing challenges to treat central nervous system damage related conditions. However, several issues (e.g., biocompatibility or remote controlled actuation for multi-modal therapeutics) limit the use of conventional magnetic nanoparticles for biomedical ...
Piovan Anna A Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, University of Padova, via Marzolo 5 - 35131 Padova, Italy. - - 2013
The Crambe tataria glucosinolate/myrosinase system in seeds and leaves of in vivo and in vitro regenerated plantlets, and two callus cell lines was investigated. It was demonstrated that in all the extracts glucosinolates were present and the myrosinase system was operative. There appears to be no discrimination between the glucosinolates ...
Xu Guo-Chao - - 2013
α-Ethylation is competing with the biocatalytic reduction of aromatic β-ketonitriles in a whole-cell system. Use of two newly mined robust and stereocomplementary carbonyl reductases in a biphasic system has completely eliminated the competing byproduct. For the first time, both enantiomers of fluoroxetine precursors were obtained at 0.5 M with >99% ...
Marijuán Pedro C - - 2013
Communication with the environment is an essential characteristic of the living cell, even more in the origins and evolution of multicellularity. A number of changes and tinkering inventions were necessary in the evolutionary transition between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, which finally lead to the appearance of genuine multicellular organisms. In ...
Roma Gislaine Cristina - - 2013
Research for acaricides with lower toxicity and impact on the environment has been intensified. An alternative would be the use of natural compounds or of synthetic products in lower concentrations than the ones sold commercially. Thus, this study describes the action of andiroba seed oil on the nuclei of the ...
Furtado João - - 2013
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder with a worldwide distribution, potentially life-threatening with considerable morbidity. The elimination of pathogenic B cells has emerged as a rational therapeutic option. Many open label studies have reported encouraging results in which clinical and serological remission have invariably been described, often enabling ...
Sousa-Nunes Rita - - 2013
The Drosophila central nervous system develops from polarised asymmetric divisions of precursor cells, called neuroblasts. Decades of research on neuroblasts have resulted in a substantial understanding of the factors and molecular events responsible for fate decisions of neuroblasts and their progeny. Furthermore, the cell-cycle dependent mechanisms responsible for asymmetric cortical ...
Pateinakis Panagiotis - - 2013
Nephritis represents a frequent, severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus. Autoantibodies appear to be fundamental in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis. Several hypotheses are currently experimentally tested to further elucidate the direct induction of inflammation through interaction of the pathological autoantibodies with intrinsic glomerular components and the triggering of a ...
Imura Yuki - - 2012
Medicines are distributed to the whole body and excreted over time. A micromodel of the circulation-excretion system was developed to mimic these processes. This system comprised a dialysis part, a micro peristaltic pump, and a target tissue. This micro circulation system was created on a microchip composed of a glass ...
Furtado João - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder with a worldwide distribution, potentially life-threatening with considerable morbidity. The elimination of pathogenic B cells has emerged as a rational therapeutic option. Many open label studies have reported encouraging results in which clinical and serological remission have invariably been described, often enabling ...
Saha Sharmistha - - 2012
Cancer stem cells, also known as tumour-initiating cells (TICs), are identified as highly tumorigenic population within tumours and hypothesized to be main regulators in tumour growth, metastasis and relapse. Evidence also suggests that a tumour microenvironment plays a critical role in the development and progression of cancer, by constantly modulating ...
Ye Jun - - 2012
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered to be the origin of cancer relapse and metastasis. The better understanding of CSCs, including CSCs in human colorectal cancer (CRC), may facilitate prevention and treatment. This study aimed to establish a CSC enrichment model via the induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in CRC cells. ...
Baek Jin Ho - - 2012
Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) is a well-known and effective treatment that can result in clinical remission for patients diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). The biologic efficacy of As(2)O(3) in APL and solid tumor cells has been explained through its actions on anti-proliferation, anti-angiogenesis, and apoptotic signaling pathways. We theorize that ...
Yang I-Ping - - 2012
Purpose: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is associated with high recurrence and mortality. Because deregulation of microRNAs is associated with CRC development and recurrence, the expression levels of microRNAs can be a simple and reliable biomarker to detect of postoperative early relapse, thereby helping physicians to treat high-risk patients more efficiently. Experimental ...
Eickenberg Sebastian - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials revealed a high efficacy of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in inducing and maintaining remission in patients with class III-V-lupus nephritis. Also extrarenal manifestations respond to MMF treatment. However, few attempts have been undertaken to delineate its mechanism of action in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) a disease characterized ...
Liu Ying - - 2012
Cadmium is a toxic metal with pleiotropic effects on cell death and survival. The mesangial cell is particularly responsive to Cd's effects on kinase signaling pathways and cytoskeletal dynamics. Here we show that CaMK-II is a participant in the cytoskeletal effects of Cd(2+) . A major mesangial cell isoform, CaMK-IIδ, ...
Pérez Piñero C - - 2012
β-Adrenoceptors are expressed in human and experimental animal breast cancer cells. However, the effect of the agonists and antagonists reported on cell proliferation and tumour growth was paradoxical, precluding their utilization as possible adjuvant therapy, mainly in the cases of refractory tumours. β-Adrenoceptor expression was analysed by immunofluorescence and RT-PCR. ...
Femia A Lis - - 2012
Arsenic compounds have shown medical usefulness since they proved to be effective in causing complete remission of acute promyelocytic leukemia. In this work we obtained a fluorescently labeled arsenic compound that can be used with current fluorescence techniques for basic and applied research, focused on arsenic-induced apoptosis studies. This compound ...
Vinit Julien - - 2012
Giant cell arteritis is the most frequent form of vasculitis characterized by a high risk of vascular thrombosis. Major complications are blindness and other vascular ischemia but bowel ischemic involvement is rare. Treatment is based on long-term steroid therapy with numerous side effects. The efficacy of immunosuppressive drugs like azathioprine ...
Rausch Vanessa - - 2012
Involvement of dysregulated autophagy in cancer growth and progression has been shown in different tumour entities including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). PDA is an extremely aggressive tumour characterized by a small population of highly therapy resistant cancer stem cells (CSC) capable of self-renewal and migration. We examined whether autophagy might ...
Chia Yifoong - - 2012
AimTo determine the frequency, pattern and distribution of stromal keratin expression in phyllodes tumours if any, which may impact diagnostic approaches.MethodsThe clinicopathological features of 109 phyllodes tumours comprising 70 (64.2%) benign, 30 (27.5%) borderline and nine (8.3%) malignant grades were evaluated, and the immunohistochemical expression of a keratin panel (MNF116, ...
Cheng Kwai Wa - - 2012
Cancer cells are metabolically stressed during tumour progression due to limited tumour vascularity and resultant nutrient, growth factor and oxygen deficiency that can induce cell death and inhibit tumour growth. We demonstrate that Rab25, a small GTPase involved in endosomal recycling, that is genomically amplified in multiple tumour lineages, is ...
Munro S S Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Department of Oncology, Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2012
The failure of cell proliferation to be properly regulated is a hallmark of tumourigenesis. The retinoblastoma protein (pRb) pathway represents a key component in the regulation of the cell cycle and tumour suppression. Recent findings have revealed new levels of complexity reflecting a repertoire of post-translational modifications that occur on ...
Yamasaki Yasumoto - - 2012
Oncolytic viruses engineered to replicate in tumour cells but not in normal cells could be used as tumour-specific vectors carrying the therapeutic genes. We previously developed a telomerase-specific oncolytic adenovirus, OBP-301, that causes cell death in human cancer cells with telomerase activities. Here, we further modified OBP-301 to express the ...
Evangelou G - - 2012
Background:  Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a widely applied treatment for basal cell carcinoma (BCC). PDT-induced immunosuppression leading to ineffective anti-tumour immune responses may be a factor in treatment failure. Objective:  To examine the impact of topical PDT on leucocyte trafficking following clinical treatment of BCC. Methods:  Superficial BCC in ...
Meschini Stefania - - 2012
Few articles in the literature have focused on electroporation as a strategy to reverse multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumour cells and they are mostly limited to the improved efficacy of bleomycin. We tested the application of trains of biphasic pulses to cell suspensions and to murine xenografts as a strategy ...
Cox R F - - 2012
Mammographic microcalcifications represent one of the most reliable features of nonpalpable breast cancer yet remain largely unexplored and poorly understood. We report a novel model to investigate the in vitro mineralisation potential of a panel of mammary cell lines. Primary mammary tumours were produced by implanting tumourigenic cells into the ...
Ishida M - - 2012
Background  Cathepsin K is a cysteine protease with strong collagenolytic and elastolytic properties. Recently, cathepsin K expression in tumour cells of malignant melanoma and in the stromal cells of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin has been reported to play an important role in tumour progression. However, its expression profile ...
Klampfl T - - 2012
12(S)-Lipoxygenase (LOX) and its product 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenic (HETE) acid have been implicated in angiogenesis and tumour invasion in several tumour types while their role in colorectal cancer progression has not yet been studied. We have analysed 12(S)-LOX expression in colorectal tumours and found gene expression up-regulated in colorectal cancer specimens for ...
Wang Ching-Wei - - 2011
Tissue microarrays (TMAs) are an effective tool for high-throughput molecular analysis of tissues to help identify new diagnostic and prognostic markers and targets in human cancers. We have developed a fully automated method for rapid, continuous and quantitative analysis of TMAs based on immunohistochemistry. The method deals with complex and ...
Isham C R - - 2012
We previously reported that chaetocin has potent and selective anti-myeloma activity attributable to reactive oxygen species (ROS) induction imposed by inhibition of the redox enzyme thioredoxin reductase; we now detail its effects in solid tumours. Cellular assays, transcriptional profiling and the NCI60 screen were used to assess the effects of ...
Donato Daniel P - - 2011
Donato D P, Johnson M T, Yang X J & Zynger D L (2011) Histopathology 59, 1229-1239 Expression of carbonic anhydrase IX in genitourinary and adrenal tumours Aims:  High expression of carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) is reported for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), with a paucity of data for non-renal ...
Zomer A - - 2011
High-resolution intravital imaging (IVM) has proven to be a powerful technique to visualise dynamic processes that are important for tumour progression, such as the interplay between tumour cells and cellular components of the tumour microenvironment. The development of IVM tools, including imaging windows and photo-marking of individual cells, has led ...
Malfitano Anna Maria - - 2011
Emerging findings suggested the efficacy of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist rimonabant (SR141716) in several pathological conditions included tumours. In this study we investigated in vitro the effects of SR141716 on viability and the molecular pathways of methylcholanthrene-induced fibrosarcoma (Meth-A) cells and in vivo its anti-tumour properties in Meth-A-bearing mice. ...
Mullen Andrew R - - 2012
Mitochondrial metabolism provides precursors to build macromolecules in growing cancer cells. In normally functioning tumour cell mitochondria, oxidative metabolism of glucose- and glutamine-derived carbon produces citrate and acetyl-coenzyme A for lipid synthesis, which is required for tumorigenesis. Yet some tumours harbour mutations in the citric acid cycle (CAC) or electron ...
Nico Beatrice - - 2011
No literature data are available concerning the expression of aquaporin-4 in primary central nervous system lymphomas and the relationship between aquaporin-4 expression and the morphological characteristics of blood vessels. Here, we have investigated this relationship in 24 human diffuse large B-cell primary central nervous system lymphomas by means of immunocytochemistry ...
Dan Shingo - - 2011
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is regarded as a promising therapeutic target because it is often activated in cancer. We previously reported that ZSTK474, a specific PI3K inhibitor, inhibits tumour cell proliferation via G1 arrest of the cell cycle without inducing apoptosis in vitro. However, it remained unclear whether ZSTK474 induces G1 ...
Guan Lingxiao - - 2011
A native polysaccharide (MCP2) was extracted and isolated from Momordica charantia. Four sulphated derivatives of MCP2 were prepared by chlorosulphonic acid method. The structures of the sulphated derivatives were characterised by FT-IR spectra. Depending on the reaction conditions, the sulphated derivatives showed different degree of substitution (DS) ranging from 0.56 ...
Prada Justina - - 2011
Mast cell tumours (MCTs) are among the most common cutaneous neoplasms in dogs and have a highly variable clinical behaviour. Cyclooxygenase (Cox) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in prostanoid biosynthesis and has recently gained attention as a prognostic factor and therapeutic target in human and animal oncology. In order to evaluate ...
Santiago Iara F - - 2011
A total of 564 isolates of endophytic fungi were recovered from the plants Deschampsia antarctica and Colobanthus quitensis collected from Antarctica. The isolates were screened against parasites Leishmania amazonensis and Trypanosoma cruzi and against the human tumour cell lines. Of the 313 fungal isolates obtained from D. antarctica and 251 ...
Caley Matthew P - - 2011
Cellular niches in adult tissue can harbour dysregulated microenvironments that become the driving force behind disease progression. The major environmental change when metastatic cells arrive in the bone is the destruction of mineralised type I collagen matrix. Once metastatic niches establish in bone the invading tumour cells initiate a vicious ...
Bose D - - 2011
Recent studies suggest that cancer stem cells (CSCs) mediate chemoresistance, but interestingly, only a small percentage of cells in a resistant tumour are CSCs; this suggests that non-CSCs survive by other means. We hypothesised that chemoresistant colorectal cancer (CRC) cells generate soluble factors that enhance survival of chemonaive tumour cells. ...
Arai E - - 2011
Hyaluronan (HA) plays crucial roles in the tumourigenicity of many types of malignant tumours. 4-Methylumbelliferone (MU) is an inhibitor of HA synthesis. Several studies have shown its inhibitory effects on malignant tumours; however, none have focused on its effects on osteosarcoma. We investigated the effects of MU on HA accumulation ...
Woods Jane - - 2011
Microflow cytometry represents a promising tool for the investigation of diagnostic and prognostic cellular cancer markers, particularly if integrated within a device that allows primary cells to be freshly isolated from the solid tumour biopsies that more accurately reflect patient-specific in vivo tissue microenvironments at the time of staining. However, ...
Anton Aparicio Luis Miguel - - 2011
Microtubules and tubulin are major dynamic and structural cellular components that play a key role in several cell functions, including division, signalling and intracellular trafficking. Normal epithelial cells have a highly structured, rigid cytoskeletal network that is compatible with cell motility. Thus, tubulin and microtubules are compelling cellular targets for ...
Man Cheuk-Him - - 2011
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an EBV-associated epithelial malignancy which is prevalent in south-east Asia and southern China. Despite the multiple genetic and epigenetic changes reported, the contribution of dysregulated signalling pathways to this distinct type of head and neck cancer is not well understood. Here we demonstrate the up-regulation of ...
Bröer Stefan - - 2011
Metabolism in tumour cells is adapted to the demands of a growing cell. The Warburg effect and increased use of glutamine are two well-known adaptations of tumour metabolism. Both require transporters to allow uptake of substrates and efflux of products. Differentiated cells are less reliant on these pathways and as ...
Colley H E - - 2011
Current organotypic models of dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) lack the complexity that mimics in vivo tissue. Here we describe a three-dimensional in vitro model of the oral epithelium that replicates tumour progression from dysplasia to an invasive phenotype. The OSCC cell lines were seeded as a cell ...
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