Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2077
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Bartling Babett - - 2007
Cancer development is associated with the high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1), which modulates the transcriptional activity in the nucleus, but it is also present in the cytoplasm and outside the cell in certain conditions. As the progression of lung cancer is supported by mitogenic stimuli of stromal fibroblasts, ...
Wiener Renda Soylemez - - 2007
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) 2 is a carboxypeptidase that shares 42% amino acid homology with ACE. Little is known about the regulation or pattern of expression of ACE2 in the mouse lung, including its definitive cellular distribution or developmental changes. Based on Northern blot and RT-PCR data, we report two ...
Nalayanda Divya D - - 2007
In vitro models of the alveolo-pulmonary barrier consist of microvascular endothelial cells and alveolar epithelial cells cultured on opposing sides of synthetic porous membranes. However, these simple models do not reflect the physiological microenvironment of pulmonary cells, wherein cells are exposed to a complex milieu of mechanical and soluble stimuli. ...
Yang Huirong - - 2007
Cyclophilin A (CypA), a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase), was originally identified as the intracellular receptor for cyclosporin A (CsA). Recently, correlations of CypA with tumor pathogenesis have been studied. Here, we studied the expression of CypA and its receptor CD147 in several kinds of lung cancer cells as well as ...
Serrano-Mollar Anna - - 2007
RATIONALE: Transplantation of stem cells has been proposed as a strategy for repair of lung fibrosis. Nevertheless, many studies have yielded controversial results that currently limit the potential use of these cells as an efficient treatment. Alveolar type II cells are the progenitor cells of the pulmonary epithelium and usually ...
Morimoto K - - 2008
Necl-5 is an immunoglobulin (Ig)-like molecule that was originally identified as a poliovirus receptor and is often upregulated in cancer cells. We recently found that it colocalizes with integrin alpha(v)beta(3) at the leading edges of moving cells and enhances growth factor-induced cell movement and proliferation. Upon cell-cell contact, Necl-5 is ...
Ishiguro Naoki - - 2008
We investigated whether gefitinib, an anticancer agent, inhibits phosphatidylcholine (PC) biosynthesis and choline uptake by alveolar epithelial type II cells. Uptake of choline and PC biosynthesis were examined in vitro, using human alveolar epithelia-derived cell line A549 and rat alveolar type (AT) II cells as models. Gefitinib reduced the incorporation ...
Moreb Jan S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We have been interested in studying the roles of two aldehyde dehydrogenases in the biology of lung cancer. In this study, we seek to apply Aldefluor flow cytometry-based assay for the measurement of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity in lung cancer cell lines, which may become a new tool that ...
Jiao Z - - 2007
To investigate the mechanisms by which tretinoin and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) reverse the growth inhibition of alveolar epithelial cells induced by cigarette smoke extract (CSE), MTT assay was used to evaluate cell viability. It was observed that both tretinoin and NAC could restore the viability of CSE-inhibited A549 cells. By incubation ...
Van Vranken Benjamin E - - 2007
The potential for embryonic stem (ES) cells to differentiate into cells with a distal lung epithelial phenotype has been demonstrated using different in vitro culture methods. Three separate protocols are described here that utilize both murine and human ES cells. The distal lung epithelial phenotype is induced through the use ...
Torday John S - - 2007
We have taken a basic biologic approach to elucidate the pathophysiology of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the chronic lung disease of prematurity, based on cell/molecular mechanisms of physiologic lung development. Stretch coordinates parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) signaling between the alveolar type II cell and the mesoderm to coordinately up-regulate key genes ...
Dobbs Leland G - - 2007
The alveolar surface comprises >99% of the internal surface area of the lungs. At birth, the fetal lung rapidly converts from a state of net fluid secretion, which is necessary for normal fetal lung development, to a state in which there is a minimal amount of alveolar liquid. The alveolar ...
Jang Sunhyae - - 2007
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is the most potent male hormone that causes androgenetic alopecia. The type II 5alpha-reductase is an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of testosterone (T) to DHT, therefore it can be expected that specific inhibitors for type II 5alpha-reductase may improve the pathophysiologic status of androgenetic alopecia. In this ...
Geys J - - 2007
An in vitro model to study pulmonary translocation was created, using the human cell line Calu-3 and primary rat type II pneumocytes. Cells were seeded on permeable membranes with a 0.4 microm or 3 microm pore size, utilizing different culture conditions such as medium formulation and cell density. The integrity ...
Cherlet, Tracy C
Type II alveolar cells are the primary site of synthesis of disaturated phosphatidylcholine (DSPC), the major component of pulmonary surfactant. Recent research indicates that lipid soluble agents may affect fetal lung development following maternal exposure. Since surfactant is primarily lipid in nature, potential exists that any one of these agents ...
Molyneux, A. R.
Unit-cell dimensions of several binary fluorides of the group III B and group I or II elements...
Ho Maria M - - 2007
Stem cells have been isolated by their ability to efflux Hoechst 33342 dye and are referred to as the "side population" (SP). In this study, we used flow cytometry and Hoechst 33342 dye efflux assay to isolate and characterize SP cells from six human lung cancer cell lines (H460, H23, ...
Liu Washa - - 2007
ErbB receptors are important regulators of fetal organ development, including the fetal lung. They exhibit diversity in signaling potential, acting through homo- and heterodimers to cause different biological responses. We hypothesized that ErbB receptors show cell-specific and stimuli-specific activation, heterodimerization, and cellular localization patterns in fetal lung. We investigated this ...
Steiger, Scott Michael, 1976-
Total lightning mapping, along with radar and NLDN cloud-to-ground lightning data, can be used to diagnose the severity of a storm. Analysis of the 13 October 2001 supercell event (Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas), some supercells of which were tornadic, shows that LDAR II lightning source heights (quartile, median, and 95th percentile ...
Muselet-Charlier Céline - - 2007
Transcription nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is hyperactivated in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung epithelial cells, and participates in exaggerated IL-8 production in the CF lung. We recently found that rapid activation of NF-kappaB occurred in a CF lung epithelial IB3-1 cell line (CF cells) upon IL-1beta stimulation, which was not observed in ...
Foster Cherie D - - 2007
For alveolar type I cells, phenotype plasticity and physiology other than gas exchange await further clarification due to in vitro study difficulties in isolating and maintaining type I cells in primary culture. Using an established in vitro model of human fetal type II cells, in which the type II phenotype ...
Field-Corbett C - - 2007
Differentiation of bone marrow (BM)-derived cells into lung epithelial cells has been reported in vivo in animal models of lung injury. Most studies have used cytokeratin or surfactant protein expression as markers of BM-to-lung cell differentiation. However, concerns as to whether fusion rather than differentiation is the mechanism involved, verification ...
Hagiwara Satoshi - - 2007
In recent investigations, high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) has been recognized to be an important factor in the development of sepsis. On the other hand, a serine protease inhibitor, nafamostat mesilate (NM) inhibits the enzyme activities of various protease and coagulation factors. We examined whether NM could inhibit HMGB1 in ...
Platet Nadine - - 2007
Using the C6 glioma cell as a paradigm, we found that (i) the clonogenicity of C6 cells is several orders of magnitude higher than the percentage of SP cells; (ii) non-SP cells are able to generate SP cells, and conversely SP cells generate non-SP cells; (iii) non-SP sorted cells behave ...
Danielian Paul S - - 2007
The airway epithelium is comprised of specialized cell types that play key roles in protecting the lungs from environmental insults. The cellular composition of the murine respiratory epithelium is established during development and different cell types populate specific regions along the airway. Here we show that E2f4-deficiency leads to an ...
Wang Dachun - - 2007
Alveolar epithelial type II (ATII) cells are small, cuboidal cells that constitute approximately 60% of the pulmonary alveolar epithelium. These cells are crucial for repair of the injured alveolus by differentiating into alveolar epithelial type I cells. ATII cells derived from human ES (hES) cells are a promising source of ...
Alfaro-Moreno Ernesto - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The mechanisms related to adverse respiratory and cardiovascular effects in populations exposed to particulate matter are under debate and different models have been used to further our understanding of the various aspects of those effects. In this review we present some studies that may give new insights ...
Touge Hirokazu - - 2007
Rho GTPases play an essential role in the control of various cellular functions. Accumulating evidence suggests that RhoA overexpression contributes to human cancer development. However, the activation states of RhoA are poorly defined in cancer cells. In this study, we examined both the expression levels and the activation states of ...
Kováciková Zuzana - - 2007
During a study of indoor fungal colonisation, several isolates of Stachybotrys chartarum were recovered, and the effects of metabolites from four isolates on lung epithelial Type II cells and alveolar macrophages were studied in vitro. All the isolates showed toxic effects on both cell types, and they differed only in ...
Tsai Wen-Hui - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) can treat acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), it also causes retinoic acid syndrome with presentations similar to acute respiratory distress syndrome. We investigated the role of interleukin (IL)-8 and growth-regulated oncogene (GRO)-alpha in the chemotactic transmigration of ATRA-treated NB4 (ATRA-NB4) APL cells toward A549 alveolar ...
Schrepfer S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show differentiation capacity along mesenchymal lineages and have the potential to aid tissue regeneration. MSC transplantation strategies are therefore currently being assessed following injury to various organs. However, potential MSC migration to these organs after intravenous (IV) MSC injection continues to be impeded by cell ...
Arold Stephen P - - 2007
The pulmonary epithelium is exposed to mechanical strains during normal breathing or mechanical ventilation. While important for the regulation of cellular processes, excessive strains damage epithelial cells. To investigate the effects of strain on the epithelium, we developed a stretching device to apply equi-biaxial strains to cells cultured on elastic ...
Mazzarella G - - 2007
Atmospheric particulate matter (PM), an ingredient of urban pollution matter, is a mixture of solid and liquid particles differing in origin, dimension and composition. There is big concern about inhaled PM in urban areas, especially due to its adverse effects on the respiratory system. Diesel exhaust particulate (DEP), which constitutes ...
Schmid Michael - - 2007
The platinum group elements (PGE) Pt, Pd and Rh are increasingly emitted into the environment by automobile catalytic converters. Whereas the biological availability of PGE to plants and animals has been demonstrated, only few studies concentrate on the influence of PGE on a cellular level. The effects of Pt, Pd ...
Mitsutake Norisato - - 2007
There is increasing evidence that cancers contain their own stem-like cells called cancer stem cells (CSCs). A small subset of cells, termed side population (SP), has been identified using flow cytometric analysis. The SP cells have the ability to exclude the DNA binding dye, Hoechst33342, and are highly enriched for ...
Mikerov Anatoly N - - 2007
Surfactant protein A (SP-A) enhances phagocytosis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Two functional genes, SP-A1 and SP-A2, encode human SP-A. As we showed before, baculovirus-mediated insect cell-expressed SP-A2 enhances the association of P. aeruginosa with rat alveolar macrophages (rAMs) more than does SP-A1. However, true phagocytosis (internalization) was not shown, and insect ...
Deng Furong - - 2007
Reports on the effects of PM2.5 from dust storm on lung cells are limited. We compared the effects of PM2.5 collected in dust storm days (dust storm PM2.5) with that in sunshiny and non-dust storm days (normal PM2.5) on cell proliferation and cell cycle in human lung fibroblasts. Our results ...
Rangel-Yagui Carlota O - - 2007
The interaction of 5-nitro-2-furfurilylidene benzhydrazide (5NFB), potential anti-trypanosomal compound, with micellar solutions was studied. The results indicated that 50 mug of 5NFB completely kills 20 million T. cruzi epimastigote cells within 3 days, whereas the same amount of benznidazole kills 30% of the cells after 4 days. 5NFB solubility in ...
Fujiwara Naoyuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to obtain an antibody that would be useful for investigating the yet unclear molecular mechanism underlying the differentiation of lung alveolar type I and II cells. METHODS: Monoclonal antibodies were raised against membrane proteins from embryonal day 18.5 rat lungs and ...
Shimada Temiko - - 2007
Lung cancer is still a very severe disease which has a low survival rate due to local invasion and metastasis potentials in spite of many clinical challenges using anti-cancer drugs. Rho family small GTPases play pivotal roles in cell invasion and metastasis during carcinogenesis. In this study, we explored the ...
Yu Qi - - 2007
The oncogene Bmi-1 regulates cell proliferation and senescence. It is reported that it controlled the self-renewal of leukemic and breast cancer stem cell and was overexpressed in some solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. In this study, the effects of inactivation of Bmi-1 mediated by a plasmid-expressing antisense Bmi-1 RNA on ...
Oyama Tsunehiro - - 2007
Smoking induces mutations via the formation of DNA-adducts in the bronchial and alveolar epithelium and contributes to the development of lung cancer. Benz(a)pyrene and nitrosamine, typical carcinogens in cigarette smoke, undergo metabolic activation by the phase I enzymes, such as cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1, CYP2A6 and CYP2E1. The transcriptional regulation ...
Rehan Virender K - - 2007
We recently suggested that alveolar interstitial fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transdifferentiation may be a key mechanism underlying in utero nicotine-induced lung injury. However, the effects of in utero nicotine exposure on fetal alveolar type II (ATII) cells have not been fully determined. Placebo, nicotine (1 mg/kg), or nicotine (1 mg/kg) + the peroxisome ...
Park Shin-Young - - 2007
An attempt has been made to investigate the toxicity of cancer immunotherapy based on the dendritic cells pulsed with lysate of allogenic melanoma cell, DM401. Dendritic cells pulsed with lysate of clone M3 were subcutaneously administered once a week eight times to C57BL/6 mice at 0, 2.5, 5, and 10 ...
Bingle Lynne - - 2007
Short PLUNC1 (SPLUNC1) is the founding member of a family of proteins (PLUNCS) expressed in the upper respiratory tract and oral cavity, which may function in host defence. It is one of the most highly expressed genes in the upper airways and the protein has been detected in sputum and ...
Ando Seijitsu - - 2007
Proteinase-activated receptors (PARs; PAR1-4) that can be activated by serine proteinases such as thrombin and neutrophil catepsin G are known to contribute to the pathogenesis of various pulmonary diseases including fibrosis. Among these PARs, especially PAR4, a newly identified subtype, is highly expressed in the lung. Here, we examined whether ...
Briva Arturo - - 2007
In patients with acute respiratory failure, gas exchange is impaired due to the accumulation of fluid in the lung airspaces. This life-threatening syndrome is treated with mechanical ventilation, which is adjusted to maintain gas exchange, but can be associated with the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the lung. Carbon dioxide ...
Rawlins Emma L - - 2007
The identity of the endogenous epithelial cells in the adult lung that are responsible for normal turnover and repair after injury is still controversial. In part, this is due to a paucity of highly specific genetic lineage tools to follow efficiently the fate of the major epithelial cell populations: the ...
Chen Yuan - - 2007
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) appears to arise from neuroendocrine cells with the potential to differentiate into a variety of lung epithelial cell lineages. In order to investigate molecular events underlying the cell type transition in SCLC, we treated a SCLC cell line H526 with a differentiation inducing agent 5-bromodeoxyuridine ...
Alexandrov Kroum - - 2006
We found previously that the human lung benzo(a)pyrene (BP)-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide-N(2)-deoxyguanosine (BPDE-dG) adduct concentrate in the target bronchial cells. This adduct is now considered to be critical event in tumorigenesis by BP. In this study, we investigate the contribution of cigarette smoke on the BPDE-dG formation. In a cell-free system, the amount ...
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