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Results 351 - 400 of 2077
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Yildirim A O - - 2008
Airway epithelial cells are exposed to environmental toxicants that result in airway injury. Naphthalene (NA) causes site-selective damage to Clara cells in mouse distal airways. N-terminally truncated recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (DeltaN23-KGF) protects against acute lung injury. The present study investigated whether or not DeltaN23-KGF protects against NA-induced acute ...
Ji Rong - - 2008
Chemokine receptors control several fundamental cellular processes in both hematopoietic and structural cells, including directed cell movement, i.e., chemotaxis, cell differentiation, and proliferation. We have previously demonstrated that CXCR3, the chemokine receptor expressed by Th1/Tc1 inflammatory cells present in the lung, is also expressed by human airway epithelial cells. In ...
Nolen-Walston R D RD Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, - - 2008
Organ regeneration in mammals is hypothesized to require a functional pool of stem or progenitor cells, but the role of these cells in lung regeneration is unknown. Whereas postnatal regeneration of alveolar tissue has been attributed to type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECII), we reasoned that bronchioalveolar stem cells (BASCs) ...
De Proost Ian I Laboratory of Cell Biology and Histology, Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, - - 2008
Pulmonary neuroepithelial bodies (NEBs) are densely innervated groups of neuroendocrine cells invariably accompanied by Clara-like cells. Together with NEBs, Clara-like cells form the so-called "NEB microenvironment," which recently has been assigned a potential pulmonary stem cell niche. Conclusive data on the nature of physiological stimuli for NEBs are lacking. This ...
Rajagopal Jayaraj J Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, - - 2008
The effects of Wnt7b on lung development were examined using a conditional Wnt7b-null mouse. Wnt7b-null lungs are markedly hypoplastic, yet display largely normal patterning and cell differentiation. In contrast to findings in prior hypomorphic Wnt7b models, we find decreased replication of both developing epithelium and mesenchyme, without abnormalities of vascular ...
Celedón Gloria - - 2008
We have investigated the relationship between the status of red blood cells (RBCs) and their susceptibility to toxin sticholysin II (StII) hemolytic activity; we have evaluated this effect in different RBC ensembles, comprising young and old cells, and in cells partially damaged by their pre-exposition to a free radical source. ...
Baltensperger Urs - - 2008
Epidemiological studies show a clear link between increased mortality and enhanced concentrations of ambient aerosols. The chemical and physical properties of aerosol particles causing these health effects remain unclear. A major fraction of the ambient aerosol particle mass is composed of secondary organic aerosol (SOA). Recent studies showed that a ...
Yabumoto Yasuaki - - 2008
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain, is also located in many peripheral nonneuronal tissues. The glutamate decarboxylase 67-green fluorescent protein (GAD67-GFP) knock-in mouse is a useful model for studying the distribution of GABAergic cells in many tissues and organs. The lungs of these mice contain cells ...
Sabat Robert - - 2008
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous pulmonary diseases. Various mainly membrane-bound ROS-generating processes exist in alveolar cells. Vitamin E (vit. E) is the most important lipophilic antioxidant. However, the significance of vit. E levels in alveolar cells for the regulation of ROS generation ...
D'Angelis Christopher A - - 2008
During the transition at birth to air breathing, regulation of surfactant release from alveolar type II (ATII) cells is critical. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) stimulates natriuretic peptide receptor-A (NPR-A) and increases intracellular cGMP. We examined the changes in ANP and NPR-A in respiratory epithelium during the perinatal period using immunohistochemistry ...
Winkler Monica E - - 2008
Alveolar type II (AT2) epithelial cells have important functions including the production of surfactant and regeneration of lost alveolar type I epithelial cells. The ability of in vitro production of AT2 cells would offer new therapeutic options in treating pulmonary injuries and disorders including genetically based surfactant deficiencies. Aiming at ...
Chetty Anne A Department of Pediatrics, Floating Hospital for Children, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA. - - 2008
We examined the cytoprotective effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-11 (IL-11) during oxidant injury in neonatal lung and the regulators of cell death in vitro and in vivo after oxidant exposure. Type II cells from day 21 fetal neonatal rat lungs were treated with varying concentrations of either IL-6 or ...
Shan Lin L Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, - - 2008
Murine lung development begins at embryonic day (E) 9.5. Normal lung structure and function depend on the patterns of localization of differentiated cells. Pulmonary mesenchymal cell lineages have been relatively unexplored. Importantly, there has been no prior evidence of clonality of any lung cells. Herein we use a definitive genetic ...
Chen Lan - - 2008
We investigated the cellular mechanisms by which nitric oxide (NO) increases chloride (Cl-) secretion across lung epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo. Addition of (Z)-1-[2-(2-aminoethyl)-N-(2-ammonioethyl) amino] diazen-1-ium-1, 2-diolate (DETANONOate [DETANO];1-1,000 microM) into apical compartments of Ussing chambers containing Calu-3 cells increased short-circuit currents (I(sc)) from 5.2 +/- 0.8 to ...
Sun Jianping J Developmental Biology Program, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd., MS 35, Los Angeles, CA 90027, - - 2008
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play important roles in regulating lung development and function although the endogenous regulatory effects of BMP signaling are still controversial. We found that BMP type I receptor Alk3 is expressed predominantly in airway epithelial cells during development. The function of Alk3 in lung development was determined ...
Gerson Kristin D - - 2008
Surfactant protein B (SP-B) is essential to the function of pulmonary surfactant and to lamellar body genesis in alveolar epithelial type 2 cells. The bioactive, mature SP-B is derived from multistep post-translational proteolysis of a larger proprotein. The identity of the proteases involved in carboxyl-terminal cleavage of proSP-B remains uncertain. ...
Seaborn Tommy - - 2008
Lung development progresses through a process reliant on mechanical cell stretch. However, this process is not well defined at the molecular level. Our goal was to globally analyze the transcriptome of fetal mouse lungs following short periods of tracheal occlusion (TO) to identify cellular processes that are rapidly modulated in ...
Jiao Zongxian - - 2008
Cigarette smoking is intimately related with the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and alveolar epithelium is a major target for the exposure of cigarette smoke extract. In order to investigate the effect of cigarette smoke extract on the proliferation of alveolar epithelial cell type II and its relationship with ...
Holder Amara L - - 2008
In vitro exposure to aerosols at the air-liquid interface (ALI) preserves the physical and chemical characteristics of aerosol particles. Although frequently described as being a more physiologic exposure method, ALI exposure has not been directly compared with conventional in vitro exposures where the particles are suspended in medium. We exposed ...
Avila Pedro C - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the functional significance of peroxiredoxin V (PRXV) in defense against oxidative stress and changes of its expression in human lung inflammation. We used in vitro cell cultures and retrospective analyses of human sputum samples to perform the study. We found that stable ...
Tsai W-H - - 2008
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) can induce acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL). The current study investigated the role of monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 in the chemotactic transmigration of ATRA-treated NB4 (ATRA-NB4) APL cells toward A549 alveolar epithelial cells. NB4 and A549 cells were separately cultured ...
Chen George G - - 2008
Cigarette smoking is well known to play an important role in the development of lung cancer. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) can either promote or inhibit cell proliferation and growth, which makes its role in the development of malignant tumors controversial. The relation between cigarette smoking and iNOS in human ...
Barbara J. Panessa-Warren, John ...
This paper describes some early cellular and intracellular interactions of human polarised lung and colon epithelial cells (representative of two portals of entry, inhalation and ingestion), following exposure to specific carbon and gold engineered nanoparticles in vitro. Cells were incubated with functionalised and non-functionalised carbon nanotube-derived nanoloops (&#8764;28–60 nm diameter), ...
Berrin Gencer Tarakci
The presence of serotonin, calcitonin, somatostatin-14, cholecystokinin (CCK), calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) endocrine cells in the lung of the ostrich (<I>Struthio camelus</I>) was investigated by immunohistochemistry. CGRP and serotonin immunoreactivity were observed in the PNEC cell (pulmonary neuroendocrine cell) with intermediate and low frequencies, respectively. Somatostatin containing cells were ...
Berrin Gencer Tarakci
The presence of serotonin, calcitonin, somatostatin-14, cholecystokinin (CCK), calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) endocrine cells in the lung of the ostrich (&lt;I&gt;Struthio camelus&lt;/I&gt;) was investigated by immunohistochemistry. CGRP and serotonin immunoreactivity were observed in the PNEC cell (pulmonary neuroendocrine cell) with intermediate and low frequencies, respectively. Somatostatin containing cells were ...
Wunderlich Stephanie - - 2008
Type II alveolar epithelial (AT2) cell-specific reporter expression has been highly useful in the study of embryology and alveolar regeneration in transgenic mice. Technologies enabling efficient gene transfer and cell type-restricted transgene expression in AT2 cells would allow for correction of AT2 cell-based diseases such as genetic surfactant deficiencies. Moreover, ...
Stanke Jennifer J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many studies in the vertebrate retina have characterized the differentiation of amacrine cells as a homogenous class of neurons, but little is known about the genes and factors that regulate the development of distinct types of amacrine cells. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to characterize the development ...
Atkinson Jeffrey J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clara cells are the epithelial progenitor cell of the small airways, a location known to be important in many lung disorders. Although migration of alveolar type II and bronchiolar ciliated epithelial cells has been examined, the migratory response of Clara cells has received little attention. METHODS: Using a modification ...
Rawlins E L - - 2008
The adult lung consists of a trachea leading into a system of branched airways ending in millions of alveolar sacs. It contains many different epithelial cell types arranged in precise patterns along the proximodistal axis. Each region of the lung has the capacity to repair through the proliferation of different ...
Furugen Makoto - - 2008
Legionella pneumophila pneumonia often exacerbates acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells is considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of ALI and ARDS. In this study, we investigated the precise mechanism by which A549 alveolar epithelial cells induced by ...
Roh Seong-Soo - - 2008
The present study is performed to investigate the inhibitory effects of Radix Adenophorae extract (RAE) on ovalbumin-induced asthma murine model. To study the anti-inflammatory and antiasthmatic effects of RAE, we examined the development of pulmonary eosinophilic inflammation and inhibitory effects of T cells in murine by RAE and cyclosporine A ...
Bromberg Zohar - - 2008
Fibrotic changes are initiated early in acute respiratory distress syndrome. This may involve overproliferation of alveolar type II cells. In an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome, we have shown that the administration of an adenoviral vector overexpressing the 70-kd heat shock protein (AdHSP) limited pathophysiological changes. We hypothesized ...
Krymskaya Vera P - - 2008
Proliferation, migration, and differentiation of smooth muscle (SM)-like lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) cells in the lungs are pathologic manifestations of pulmonary LAM, a rare lung disease predominantly afflicting women and exacerbated by pregnancy. LAM cells form nodules throughout the lung without any predominant localization, but can also form small cell clusters dispersed ...
Stephanova Elena - - 2008
During inhalation anaesthesia lung epithelial cells are directly exposed to halogenated hydrocarbons such as halothane. Information about the effects of volatile anaesthetics on lung cells is rather limited although their noxious effect on the A549 alveolar cells has been shown recently. The present study indicated that halothane decreases cell viability, ...
Hiss S - - 2008
The extravasation of erythrocytes into the lower respiratory tract occurs in numerous lung injuries and may lead to oxidative damages in lung tissues. Haptoglobin (Hp), the major haemoglobin-binding protein, is known to reduce lung injury associated with exposure to blood in mice. In pigs, Hp is a major acute phase ...
Liang Chia-Hua - - 2008
We have previously demonstrated that solamargine (SM), the major steroidal glycoalkaloid extracted from Chinese herb Solanum plants, reveals down-regulation of HER2 and up-regulation of Fas and tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) expressions, triggers the mitochondria-mediated cell apoptosis pathway, and sensitizes human nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) H441 and A549 adenocarcinoma ...
Hasegawa Taizo - - 2008
A method for exact determination of phagocytic activity of alveolar macrophage (Mvarphi) cells toward synthetic microspheres (MS) by optical microscopy was developed. We examined the effectiveness of the treatment of Mvarphi samples with trypsin, acid or xylene to remove the polystyrene latex microspheres (PSL MS) attached to Mvarphi cell membranes ...
Haegens A - - 2008
During extensive inflammation, neutrophils undergo secondary necrosis causing myeloperoxidase (MPO) release that may damage resident lung cells. Recent observations suggest that MPO has pro-inflammatory properties, independent of its enzymatic activity. The aims of the present study were to characterise MPO internalisation by lung epithelial cells and to investigate the effect ...
Shi Xuemei - - 2007
To establish a better method of primary culture for alveolar epithelial type II cells (AEC II) and to study its bionomics, alveolar epithelial type II cells were isolated by digestion with trypsin and collagenase, which were then purified by plated into culture flask coated with rat immunoglobulin G. The purified ...
Mossel Eric C - - 2008
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a disease characterized by diffuse alveolar damage. We isolated human alveolar type II cells and maintained them in a highly differentiated state. Type II cell cultures supported SARS-CoV replication as evidenced by RT-PCR detection of viral subgenomic RNA and an increase in virus titer. ...
Tanabe T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: IL-13 induces goblet cell hyperplasia and mucus overproduction in airway epithelial cells. IL-13 receptor alpha2 (IL-13Ralpha(2)) has been suggested to act as a 'decoy receptor' in the airway epithelium by inhibiting the IL-13 signal. However, the regulatory mechanisms for mucus production by IL-13Ralpha(2) remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of ...
Ambrosino Elena - - 2007
Negative immunoregulation is a major barrier to successful cancer immunotherapy. The NKT cell is known to be one such regulator. In this study we explored the roles of and interaction between the classical type I NKT cell and the poorly understood type II NKT cell in the regulation of tumor ...
Pugin Jérôme - - 2008
The reasons for bacterial proliferation in the lungs of mechanically ventilated patients are poorly understood. We hypothesized that prolonged cyclic stretch of lung cells influenced bacterial growth. Human alveolar type II-like A549 cells were submitted in vitro to prolonged cyclic stretch. Bacteria were cultured in conditioned supernatants from cells submitted ...
aalster and tzohary
Cryptomonas (Cryptophyta) is common in the plankton of Lake Kinneret throughout the year, becoming more abundant in winter. One of its two flagella can be viewed on the upper side of the cell
Ikehata Mika - - 2008
PURPOSE: To elucidate and compare the activity and mechanism of albumin uptake in primary cultured alveolar type II and type I-like epithelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Type II epithelial cells isolated from rat lungs were cultured for 2 days at 5 x 10(6) cells/35-mm dish or for 6 days at ...
Ohtsuki Yuji - - 2007
The immunohistochemical distribution of SP-D was compared with that of SP-A and KL-6 using a monoclonal antibody in lung tissues of 15 cases of collagen vascular disease-associated interstitial pneumonia (CVD-IP), 4 cases of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (CHP), and 6 cases of other diseases to determine their differences in distribution. In this ...
Badami Chirag D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Trauma and hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) has been demonstrated to result in bone marrow (BM) suppression and the release of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) into the peripheral blood in both human beings and experimental animals. HPC have also been identified in numerous end organs after T/HS and the ongoing loss ...
Chen Jiwang - - 2008
Carbonic anhydrase II (CAII) plays an important role in carbon dioxide metabolism and intracellular pH regulation. In this study, we provide evidence that CAII is expressed in both type I (AECI) and type II (AECII) alveolar epithelial cells by RT-PCR and Western blotting in freshly isolated rat cells. These results ...
Yalcin H C - - 2007
Recent advances in the ventilation of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), including ventilation at low lung volumes, have resulted in a decreased mortality rate. However, even low-lung volume ventilation may exacerbate lung injury due to the cyclic opening and closing of fluid-occluded airways. Specifically, the hydrodynamic stresses generated ...
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