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Results 251 - 300 of 2077
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Franco-Montoya Marie-Laure - - 2009
Acute lung injury and compromised alveolar development characterize bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) of the premature neonate. High levels of keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), a cell-cell mediator with pleiotrophic lung effects, are associated with low BPD risk. KGF decreases mortality in hyperoxia-exposed newborn rodents, a classic model of injury-induced impaired alveolarization, although ...
Johnson Meshell - - 2009
Although Cl- transport in fetal lung is important for fluid secretion and normal lung development, the role of Cl- transport in adult lung is not well understood. In physiological studies, the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) plays a role in fluid absorption in the distal air spaces of adult lung, ...
Weng Tingting - - 2009
The role of pleiotrophin in fetal lung development was investigated. We found that pleiotrophin and its receptor, protein-tyrosine phosphatase receptor beta/zeta, were highly expressed in mesenchymal and epithelial cells of the fetal lungs, respectively. Using isolated fetal alveolar epithelial type II cells, we demonstrated that pleiotrophin promoted fetal type II ...
Karoubi Golnaz - - 2009
The lack of effective therapies for end-stage lung disease validates the need for stem cell-based therapeutic approaches as alternative treatment options. In contrast with exogenous stem cell sources, the use of resident progenitor cells is advantageous considering the fact that the lung milieu is an ideal and familiar environment, thereby ...
Liu Hongmei - - 2009
This study explored the role of apoptosis of alveolar wall cells of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with pulmonary emphysema in the pathogenesis of emphysema. The subjects were divided into three groups: COPD patients with pulmonary emphysema (COPD group), asymptomatic smokers and non-smokers. Lung tissues were harvested and histologically ...
Salama Rania O - - 2009
A series of microparticle formulations, designed for controlled release pulmonary therapy, were evaluated in terms of their physical properties, aerosol performance, lung epithelial cell toxicity, and controlled release profile. A protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA) was chosen as a model macromolecule active ingredient which was coprocessed, using spray drying, with ...
Sandikci M - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the localization and number of apoptotic cells in lung tissue and bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) of newborns, young, and adult rats exposed to formaldehyde (6 ppm) or technical xylene (300 ppm) for 6 weeks (8 h/day). A total of 27 female Sprague-Dawley ...
Felton V M - - 2009
The ability of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) to induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) in vitro and in vivo, together with the demonstration of EMT in biopsies of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients, suggests a role for TGF-beta1-induced EMT in disease pathogenesis. We investigated the effects of ...
Moody Terry W TW National Cancer Institute, Office of the Director, Center for Cancer Research, Bethesda, MD 20892-1500, USA. - - 2010
The effects of dithiolethione modified valproate, diclofenac and sulindac on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells were investigated. Sulfur(S)-valproate and S-diclofenac at 1 microg/ml concentrations significantly reduced prostaglandin (PG)E(2) levels in NSCLC cell lines A549 and NCI-H1299 as did the COX-2 inhibitor DuP-697. In vitro, S-valproate, S-diclofenac and S-sulindac half-maximally ...
Kwon Yong-Jae - - 2009
Tissue microdissection is appropriate for separating pure cells from heterogeneous tissues. Recently, we have focused on whole genome DNA methylation patterns of lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and needed to obtain the appropriate counterpart cells of lung SCC. However, in some regions of human tissues, such as in bronchial epithelium, ...
Tiozzo Caterina C Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Women's and Children's Hospital, USC Keck School of - - 2009
Pten is a tumor-suppressor gene involved in stem cell homeostasis and tumorigenesis. In mouse, Pten expression is ubiquitous and begins as early as 7 days of gestation. Pten(-/-) mouse embryos die early during gestation indicating a critical role for Pten in embryonic development. To test the role of Pten in ...
Porzionato A - - 2009
In the present study we investigated, through immunohistochemistry, the presence and location of neurotensin receptor 1 (NTR1) in the peripheral ganglia and carotid body of 16 humans and 5 rats. In both humans and rats, NTR1 immunostained ganglion cells were found in superior cervical ganglia (57.4+/-11.6% and 72.4+/-11.4%, respectively, p0.05), ...
Amatya Vishwa Jeet - - 2009
AIMS: The incidence of mesothelioma is increasing in Europe, Japan and other developing countries. There is difficulty in the accurate diagnosis of mesothelioma and its differentiation from lung adenocarcinoma. Mesothelioma shows a complex immunohistochemical profile. Therefore, the use of a immunohistochemical panel that includes both positive and negative mesothelial markers ...
Nassimi Matthias - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential cytotoxicity of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) for human lung as a suitable drug delivery system (DDS). Therefore we used a human alveolar epithelial cell line (A549) and murine precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) to estimate the tolerable doses of these particles ...
Ivanova Margarita M - - 2010
The role of estrogens in the increased risk of lung adenocarcinoma in women remains uncertain. We reported that lung adenocarcinoma cell lines from female, but not male, patients with non-small cell lung cancer respond proliferatively and transcriptionally to estradiol (E(2)), despite equal protein expression of estrogen receptors (ER) alpha and ...
Eren U - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine and examine the distribution of major frequency MHC II+ cells in the oviduct and vagina of cows during the oestrous and dioestrus phases. Right oviduct (ampulla, isthmus) and vaginal samples taken from a total of twenty seven multiparous cows were used. Tissue ...
Rawlins Emma L - - 2009
To directly test the contribution of Scgb1a1(+) Clara cells to postnatal growth, homeostasis, and repair of lung epithelium, we generated a Scgb1a1-CreER "knockin" mouse for lineage-tracing these cells. Under all conditions tested, the majority of Clara cells in the bronchioles both self-renews and generates ciliated cells. In the trachea, Clara ...
Horowitz Jeffrey C - - 2009
Emphysema is characterized by the destruction of alveolar parenchymal tissue and the concordant loss of lung epithelial cells, endothelial cells, and interstitial mesenchymal cells. Key features in the pathobiology of emphysema include inflammation, alveolar epithelial cell injury/apoptosis, and excessive activation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteases. Mesenchymal cells are versatile connective ...
Harting Matthew T - - 2009
Cell therapy has shown preclinical promise in the treatment of many diseases, and its application is being translated to the clinical arena. Intravenous mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy has been shown to improve functional recovery after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Herein, the authors report on their attempts to reproduce such ...
Nalayanda Divya D - - 2009
In an effort to improve the physiologic relevance of existing in vitro models for alveolar cells, we present a microfluidic platform which provides an air-interface in a dynamic system combining microfluidic and suspended membrane culture systems. Such a system provides the ability to manipulate multiple parameters on a single platform ...
Crispin Max M Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford OX3 7BN, United - - 2009
Disruption of Golgi alpha-mannosidase II activity can result in type II congenital dyserythropoietic anemia and induce lupus-like autoimmunity in mice. Here, we isolated a mutant human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293T cell line called Lec36, which displays sensitivity to ricin that lies between the parental HEK 293T cells, in which the ...
Kwon Yong-Jae - - 2009
Tissue microdissection is appropriate for separating pure cells from heterogeneous tissues. Recently, we have focused on whole-genome DNA methylation patterns of lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and needed to obtain the appropriate counterpart cells of lung SCC. However, in some regions of human tissues, such as in bronchial epithelium, it ...
Torday John S - - 2009
Physiology integrates biology with the environment through cell-cell interactions at multiple levels. The evolution of the respiratory system has been "deconvoluted" (Torday and Rehan in Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 31:8-12, 2004) through Gene Regulatory Networks (GRNs) applied to cell-cell communication for all aspects of lung biology development, homeostasis, ...
Berndt-Weis M Lynn - - 2009
Prior to its application for in vitro toxicological assays, thorough characterization of a cell line is essential. The present study uses global transcriptional profiling to characterize a lung epithelial cell line (FE1) derived from MutaMouse [White, P.A., Douglas, G.R., Gingerich, J., Parfett, C., Shwed, P., Seligy, V., Soper, L., Berndt, ...
Zhang Kai - - 2009
Piricaudiopsis punicae sp. nov., P. rosae sp. nov. and P. rhaphidophorae sp. nov., occurring respectively on dead branches of Punica granatum, Rosa chinensis and Rhaphidophora decursiva were collected from tropical forest in southern China. They differ from the three previously described Piricaudiopsis species in conidial morphology and proliferation of the ...
Wu Qingping - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Inflammation and pulmonary injury caused by mechanical ventilation is a complex process in which long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is suggested to play an important role. The effect of mechanical stretch on PTX3 mRNA and protein expression in human alveolar epithelial cells (A549) was investigated. MATERIAL/METHODS: Immortalized A549 cells were ...
Que Jianwen J Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2009
The esophagus, trachea and lung develop from the embryonic foregut, yet acquire and maintain distinct tissue phenotypes. Previously, we demonstrated that the transcription factor Sox2 is necessary for foregut morphogenesis and esophagus development. We show that Sox2 is also required for the normal development of the trachea and lung. In ...
Luxen Sylvia - - 2009
Duox NADPH oxidases generate hydrogen peroxide at the air-liquid interface of the respiratory tract and at apical membranes of thyroid follicular cells. Inactivating mutations of Duox2 have been linked to congenital hypothyroidism, and epigenetic silencing of Duox is frequently observed in lung cancer. To study Duox regulation by maturation factors ...
Prasse Antje - - 2009
Smoking-related interstitial lung diseases are characterized by the accumulation of macrophages and Langerhans cells, and fibrotic remodeling, which are linked to osteopontin (OPN) expression. Therefore, OPN levels were investigated in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells in 11 patients with pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH), 15 patients with desquamative interstitial pneumonitis (DIP), ...
Liu Qian - - 2009
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of theanine, a tea characteristic amino acid, on human lung cancer and leukemia cells. In the present study, we have demonstrated that theanine suppressed the in vitro and ex vivo growth of human non-small cell lung cancer A549 and leukemia ...
Zhang Ying - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to investigate in vitro and ex vivo effects of matrine on the growth of human lung cancer and hepatoma cells and the cancer cell migration as well as the expressions of related proteins in the cancer cells. Matrine significantly inhibited the in vitro and ...
Rothen-Rutishauser Barbara - - 2009
The tremendous application potential of nanosized materials stays in sharp contrast to a growing number of critical reports of their potential toxicity. Applications of in vitro methods to assess nanoparticles are severely limited through difficulties in exposing cells of the respiratory tract directly to airborne engineered nanoparticles. We present a ...
Nichols Joan E - - 2009
Before we can realize our long term goal of engineering lung tissue worthy of clinical applications, advances in the identification and utilization of cell sources, development of standardized procedures for differentiation of cells, production of matrix tailored to meet the needs of the lung and design of methods or techniques ...
Giuliano Mariateresa - - 2009
Exposure to benzene causes health hazards to humans. The airway epithelium is a physical barrier to inhaled toxicants and particulates. This is an in vitro basic science study to evaluate the effects of benzene on lung cells without the inflammatory responses triggered by inhalation. Dose-response cytotoxicity was assessed using two ...
Ren Xin-Ling - - 2009
Amplification and over-expression of HER2/neu oncogene is found in diverse types of human cancers, and is closely related to tumor occurrence, metastasis, angiogenesis and chemotherapy resistance. Therapeutic agents targeting HER2/neu have been intensively addressed over the past decades. In non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs), the prevalence of HER2/neu activation, its ...
Demaio Lucas - - 2009
We investigated the influence of extracellular matrix on transport properties of mouse alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) monolayers (MAECM) and transdifferentiation of isolated mouse alveolar epithelial type II (AT2) cells into an alveolar epithelial type I (AT1) cell-like phenotype. Primary mouse AT2 cells plated on laminin 5-coated polycarbonate filters formed monolayers ...
Shao Lei - - 2009
Oxygen toxicity or hyperoxia is one of the major contributing factors in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is an important chaperone protein in the postnatal lung development. However, the role of Hsp27 in lung epithelial cells during hyperoxia is unclear. Our studies by cDNA array ...
Gandhi Shephali G - - 2009
The neuroendocrine system is most active at birth and may play a role in the transition from fetal to postnatal life, in particular in the lungs' transition from fluid secretion to fluid absorption. Pulmonary neuroendocrine cells do release dopamine (DA), serotonin, and gastrin-releasing peptide but their effects on lung ion ...
Dairou Julien - - 2009
Bronchial epithelial cells express xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes (XMEs) that are involved in the biotransformation of inhaled toxic compounds. The activities of these XMEs in the lung may modulate respiratory toxicity and have been linked to several diseases of the airways. Arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NAT) are conjugating XMEs that play a key role ...
Herzog Eva - - 2009
Due to their large specific surface area, the potential of nanoparticles to be highly reactive and to induce oxidative stress is particularly high. In addition, some types of nanoparticles contain transition metals as trace impurities which are known to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) in biological systems. This study investigates ...
van den Bogaard Ellen H J EH Pharmaceutical Science Division, King's College London, Franklin-Wilkins Building, London, - - 2009
To evaluate the inflammatory response and barrier formation of a new alveolar type 1-like (transformed type I; TT1) cell line to establish its suitability for toxicity and drug transport studies. TT1 and A549 cells were challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Secretion of inflammatory mediators was quantified by ELISA. The barrier properties ...
Liu Washa - - 2009
ErbB4 is a predominant heterodimer for other ErbB receptors in late fetal lung development where it participates in regulating type II cell surfactant synthesis. To further elucidate the role of ErbB4 in pulmonary alveolar epithelial cell function, the authors hypothesized that ErbB4 participates in maintaining adult lung type II cell ...
Pacheco-Rodriguez Gustavo - - 2009
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is characterized by cystic lung destruction caused by LAM cells (smooth-muscle-like cells) that have mutations in the tumor suppressor genes tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) 1 or 2 and have the capacity to metastasize. Since chemokines and their receptors function in chemotaxis of metastatic cells, we hypothesized that LAM ...
Jess Phillip R T - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate whether Raman spectroscopy could be used to identify and potentially grade lung neoplasia in cell samples. Normal human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEpCs) were analyzed by Raman spectroscopy and compared with (i) HBEpCs expressing human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 E7 or CDK4; (ii) ...
Torday J S - - 2009
In the post-genomic era, we must make maximal use of this technological advancement to broaden our perspective on biology and medicine. Our understanding of the evolutionary process is undermined by looking at it retrospectively, perpetuating a descriptive rather than a mechanistic approach. The reintroduction of developmental biologic principles into evolutionary ...
Arold Stephen P - - 2009
Secretion of pulmonary surfactant that maintains low surface tension within the lung is primarily mediated by mechanical stretching of alveolar epithelial type II (AEII) cells. We have shown that guinea pigs ventilated with random variations in frequency and tidal volume had significantly larger pools of surfactant in the lung than ...
Ren Yanhong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Static stretch is frequently observed in the lung. Both static stretch and cyclic stretch can induce cell death and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase trafficking, but stretch-induced alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) functions are much less responsive to static than to cyclic stretch. AEC remodeling under static stretch may be partly explained. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Lenz Anke Gabriele - - 2009
Engineered nanoparticles are becoming increasingly ubiquitous and their toxicological effects on human health, as well as on the ecosystem, have become a concern. Since initial contact with nanoparticles occurs at the epithelium in the lungs (or skin, or eyes), in vitro cell studies with nanoparticles require dose-controlled systems for delivery ...
Lange Alexander W - - 2009
The Sry-related high mobility group box transcription factor Sox17 is required for diverse developmental processes including endoderm formation, vascular development, and fetal hematopoietic stem cell maintenance. Expression of Sox17 in mature respiratory epithelial cells causes proliferation and lineage respecification, suggesting that Sox17 can alter adult lung progenitor cell fate. In ...
Kundu Subhadip - - 2009
Cadmium is one of the inflammation-related xenobiotics and has been regarded as a potent carcinogen. The relationship between inflammation and cell proliferation due to chronic infection has been studied, but the mechanism is not fully clear. Though the mode of cadmium toxicity is well characterized in animal cells, still it ...
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