Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2077
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Inowa Toshihiko - - 2010
Side population (SP) cells are an enriched population of stem, and the existence of SP cells has been reported in human cancer cell lines. In this study, we performed an SP analysis using 11 human cancer cell lines and confirmed the presence of SP cells in an embryonic carcinoma cell ...
Patnaik Santosh Kumar - - 2010
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs (ribonucleic acids) that regulate translation. Several miRNAs have been shown to be altered in whole cancer tissue compared to normal tissue when quantified by microarray. Based on previous such evidence of differential expression, we chose to study the functional significance of miRNAs miR-30a ...
Du Liqin - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) play roles in tumorigenesis and are reliable classifiers of certain cancer types and subtypes. However, the role of miRNAs in the pathogenesis and diagnosis of small cell carcinoma (SCLC), the majority of which represent the most aggressive lung tumors, has not been investigated. ...
Farah Ibrahim O - - 2010
Lung cancer is the second leading deadly cancer in United States. In 2007, the United States reported 213,380 new lung cancer diagnoses and 160,390 deaths caused by lung cancer. Retinoic acid and retinyl esters are the oxidized and storage forms of vitamin A in the body. At low levels, they ...
Filipiak Wojciech - - 2010
The aim of this study was to confirm the existence of volatile organic compounds (VOC) specifically released or consumed by the lung cancer cell line A549, which could be used in future screens as biomarkers for the early detection of lung cancer. For comparison, primary human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEpC) ...
Xu Anjian - - 2010
14-kDa phosphohistidine phosphatase (PHP14) was the first protein histidine phosphatase to be discovered, but its biological function remains unclear. In our previous study, we found that it was associated with tumor invasion. Here, we investigated its role in lung cancer cell migration and invasion. Knockdown of PHP14 expression in highly ...
Shishido Yoshiyuki - - 2010
The aim of this study was to elucidate the efficacy of combination therapy with irinotecan and amrubicin for lung cancer and the influence of administration schedule in a xenograft mouse model and human cancer cell culture. We investigated the antitumor activity of irinotecan and amrubicin on human small cell lung ...
Hess Daniel - - 2010
Lung cancer is the most frequent form of cancer. The survival rate for patients with metastatic lung cancer is approximately 5%, hence alternative therapeutic strategies to treat this disease are critically needed. Recent studies suggest that lipid biosynthetic pathways, particularly fatty acid synthesis and desaturation, are promising molecular targets for ...
Cohen Taylor S - - 2010
Sepsis results in the formation of pulmonary edema by increasing in epithelial permeability. Therefore we hypothesized that alveolar epithelial cells isolated from septic animals develop tight junctions with different protein composition and reduced barrier function relative to alveolar epithelial cells from healthy animals. Male rats (200-300 g) were sacrificed 24 ...
Harp John R - - 2010
Selectin mediated tethering represents one of the earliest steps in T cell extravasation into lymph nodes via high endothelial venules and is dependent on the biosynthesis of sialyl Lewis X (sLe(x)) ligands by several glycosyltransferases, including two fucosyltransferases, fucosyltransferase-IV and -VII. Selectin mediated binding also plays a key role in ...
Zhang Jianliang - - 2010
Tobacco smoke exhaled from smokers is a key component of secondhand smoke, contributing to lung alveolar wall destruction seen in chronic lung diseases. Although mainstream and sidestream tobacco smoke are cyto-toxic to lung cells, it is unclear whether exhaled smoke induces lung cell injury or even death. We sought to ...
Singer Bernhard B - - 2010
CEACAM1, CEA/CEACAM5, and CEACAM6 are cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) family that have been shown to be deregulated in lung cancer and in up to 50% of all human cancers. However, little is known about the functional impact of these molecules on undifferentiated cell growth and ...
Love Damon - - 2010
The canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays crucial roles in various aspects of lung morphogenesis and regeneration/repair. Here, we examined the lung phenotype and function in mice lacking the Wnt/β-catenin antagonist Chibby (Cby). In support of its inhibitory role in canonical Wnt signaling, expression of β-catenin target genes is elevated in the ...
Chen Zhe - - 2010
MicroRNAs are important gene regulators that potentially play a profound role in tumorigenesis. Increasing evidence indicates that miR-145 is a tumor suppressor capable of inhibiting breast and colon cancer cell growth both in vitro and in vivo. However, the biological function of miR-145 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is ...
Meng Ge - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the complete process of cell injuries in the blood-air barrier after perfluoroisobutylene (PFIB) exposure. METHODS: Rats were exposed to PFIB (140 mg/m(3)) for 5 min. The pathological changes were evaluated by lung wet-to-dry weight ratio, total protein concentration of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and HE stain. Ultrastructural changes ...
Sun Yanqin - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) represent an abundant group of small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression, and have been demonstrated to play roles as tumor suppressor genes (oncogenes), and affect homeostatic processes such as development, cell proliferation, and cell death. Subsequently, epidermal growth factor-like domain 7 (EGFL7), which is confirmed to be ...
Dobbs Leland G - - 2010
Pulmonary alveolar type I cells (TI cell) are very large (approximately 5400 microm(2) in surface area) squamous cells that cover more than 98% of the internal surface area of rodent lungs. In the past, TI cells were believed to serve only passive barrier functions, with no active functional properties in ...
Pickel Lara L Department of Anatomy & Physiology, Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Manhattan, KS 66506, - - 2010
The endogenous angiotensin II (Ang II) type 2 receptor (AT 2) has been shown to mediate apoptosis in cardiovascular tissues. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the anti-cancer effect of AT 2 over-expression on lung adenocarcinoma cells in vitro using adenoviral (Ad), FuGENE, and nanoparticle vectors. All ...
Neuss Simone - - 2010
Male Fischer-344 rats were exposed to formaldehyde (FA) by inhalation for 4 weeks (6h/day, 5 days/week). Groups of six rats each were exposed to the target concentrations of 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 10 and 15ppm. Potential genotoxic effects in the lung were investigated as part of a comprehensive study ...
Ibricevic Aida - - 2010
Silver is a centuries-old antibiotic agent currently used to treat infected burns. The sensitivity of a wide range of drug-resistant microorganisms to silver killing suggests that it may be useful for treating refractory lung infections. Toward this goal, we previously developed a methylated caffeine silver acetate compound, SCC1, that exhibits ...
Kalhor Neda - - 2010
Sclerosing hemangioma of the lung is a rare neoplasm with polymorphic histologic features. Despite various patterns, there are 2 unifying cellular components: "surface cells" and "round cells." Although histogenesis has been debated for decades, most ultrastructural, immunocytochemical, and molecular studies strongly indicate a neoplastic epithelial derivation for both cellular components. ...
Yang Min - - 2010
Dye exclusion is a valuable technique to isolate cancer stem cells (CSCs) based on an ability of stem cell to efflux fluorescent DNA-binding dye, especially for tumors without unique surface markers. It has been proven that side population (SP) cells that exclude Hoechst 33342 dye are enriched with stem-like cells ...
Duan Huiying - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of berbamine (BER), a naturally occurring small-molecule compound from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Berberis amurensis, on the growth and migration of human lung cancer A549 cell line. This cell line is the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) which constitutes 80% ...
Chen Huaiyong - - 2009
A comprehensive appreciation of mechanisms regulating epithelial maintenance and repair in pulmonary airways is fundamental to our understanding of tissue remodeling and dysfunction in chronic lung disease. This review provides an update on current concepts that have emerged from recent work in the field of airway epithelial repair and progenitor ...
Glasgow Connie G - - 2009
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), a rare multisystem disease, occurs primarily in women, with cystic destruction of the lungs, abdominal tumors, and involvement of the axial lymphatics in the thorax and abdomen. To understand the pathogenesis of LAM, we initiated a longitudinal study of patients with LAM; over 500 patients have been enrolled. ...
Hirota Keiji - - 2010
Inhalation delivery of poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) microspheres (MS) loaded with the anti-tuberculosis agent rifampicin (RFP-PLGA MS) to alveolar macrophage (M phi) cells could be an effective drug delivery system for the treatment of tuberculosis. To examine this possibility, we studied (1) the bactericidal effect of RFP-PLGA MS on Mycobacterium bovis ...
Liu Yin - - 2010
Smoking is a risk factor for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), but the mechanism of the association remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on A549 cells and human lung fibroblasts treated with transforming growth factor-beta1. A transwell two-chamber coculture system ...
Xu Yanping - - 2009
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a pleiotropic disease, originating from mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). Lung injuries inflicted by recurring infection and excessive inflammation cause approximately 90% of the morbidity and mortality of CF patients. It remains unclear how CFTR mutations lead to lung illness. Although commonly known ...
Roszell Blair - - 2009
In the present study, mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) were differentiated into alveolar epithelial type II (AEII) cells for endotracheal injection. These enriched lung-like populations expressed lung epithelial markers SP-A, SP-B, SP-C, and CC10. First we show that rapid differentiation of ESCs requires a dissociated seeding method instead of an ...
Rawlins Emma L EL Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2009
The conducting airways (bronchi and bronchioles) and peripheral gas exchange (alveolar) regions of the mammalian lung are generated by a process of branching morphogenesis. Evidence suggests that during embryonic development, the undifferentiated epithelial progenitors are located at the distal tips of the branching epithelium. To test this hypothesis, we used ...
Ramos Alex H AH Department of Medical Oncology and Center for Cancer Genome Discovery, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, - - 2009
In cancer, proto-oncogenes are often altered by genomic amplification. Here we report recurrent focal amplifications of chromosomal segment 4q12 overlapping the proto-oncogenes PDGFRA and KIT in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis indicate that 4q12 is amplified in 3-7% ...
Pruessmeyer Jessica - - 2010
Syndecans are cell surface proteoglycans that bind and modulate various proinflammatory mediators and can be proteolytically shed from the cell surface. Within the lung, syndecan-1 and -4 are expressed as transmembrane proteins on epithelial cells and released in the bronchoalveolar fluid during inflammation. We here characterize the mechanism leading to ...
Lemjabbar-Alaoui H - - 2010
Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans (HSPGs) bind to multiple growth factors/morphogens and regulate their signaling. 6-O-sulfation (6S) of glucosamine within HS chains is critical for many of these ligand interactions. Sulf-1 and Sulf-2, which are extracellular neutral-pH sulfatases, provide a novel post-synthetic mechanism for regulation of HSPG function by removing 6S ...
Sisson Thomas H - - 2010
Ineffective repair of a damaged alveolar epithelium has been postulated to cause pulmonary fibrosis. In support of this theory, epithelial cell abnormalities, including hyperplasia, apoptosis, and persistent denudation of the alveolar basement membrane, are found in the lungs of humans with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and in animal models of fibrotic ...
Sati Leyla - - 2010
Pulmonary surfactant is a complex mixture of phospholipids and four surfactant-associated proteins (SP-A, SP-B, SP-C and SP-D). The biological functions of SP-A and SP-D are primarily twofold, namely surfactant homeostasis and host defense. The hydrophobic surfactant proteins, SP-B and SP-C, are required for achieving the optimal surface tension reducing properties ...
Zhao Jinbo - - 2010
Fascin1, an actin-binding protein, is overexpressed in many kinds of tumors. However, its exact role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still unclear. We observed that expression of fascin1 was associated with lymph nodes metastasis and TNM staging but not proliferation in NSCLC by using immunohistochemistry. By generating A549 ...
Luo Yi - - 2009
Previous researches have implicated the close relationship between peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) and cancer progression. A lung adenocarcinoma-related human phage antibody library has been constructed by using phage display techniques. This study was to screen out the single chain variable fragment (scFv) antibodies from the library against a lung adenocarcinoma ...
Ikehata Mika - - 2009
The mechanism underlying the handling of protein and peptide drugs such as insulin in alveolar epithelial cells is still unclear. We therefore examined fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled (FITC)-insulin uptake in rat primary cultured alveolar type II epithelial cells and in transdifferentiated type I-like cells. FITC-insulin uptake in these cells was much higher ...
Magesh Venkataraman - - 2009
Although Ocimum sanctum has been used extensively for its medicinal values in India and China, its antitumor activity against human nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) A549 cells has not been investigated until now. Therefore, the antitumor mechanism of ethanol extracts of Ocimum sanctum (EEOS) was elucidated in A549 cells in ...
Matsumoto Toshihide - - 2009
The prognosis of malignant neuroendocrine tumors of the lung is known to be very poor. Aiming to identify new markers of pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors in early stages and also differential diagnostic markers between large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and small cell lung cancer, we comprehensively analyzed peptides which were secreted into ...
Brezillon S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lumican is a small leucine-rich proteoglycan (SLRP) of the extracellular matrix (ECM) involved in the control of melanoma growth and invasion. The aim of the present study was to analyse the role of lumican in the regulation of the development of lung metastasis. METHODS: B16F1 melanoma cells stably transfected ...
Schade J - - 2009
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the airways. Increased levels of T cells are found in the lungs after the induction of an allergic-like inflammation in rats, and flow cytometry studies have shown that these levels are reduced in CD26-deficient rats. However, the precise anatomical sites where these newly ...
Fischer Horst - - 2009
The human lung produces considerable amounts of H(2)O(2). In the normal uninflamed epithelium of both the airways and the alveoli, mucosal release of H(2)O(2) is readily detected both in cell cultures in vitro and in the exhaled breath of humans. The dual oxidases DUOX1 and DUOX2 are the H(2)O(2)-producing isoforms ...
Liu Fangli - - 2010
Understanding the genesis and development of tumors is an essential component in cancer research. It is of interest to discover unknown genes that are responsible for cellular transformation. A cDNA library of a highly metastatic lung adenocarcinoma cell line was constructed. This library was introduced into the NIH3T3 mouse embryonic ...
Wang C-K - - 2010
Cooking oil fumes (COF) are known to be associated with respiratory diseases and risk of lung cancer. Involvement of trans,trans-2,4-decadienal (tt-DDE), a major component in COF, is suspected. Male CD-1(R) (ICR) mice were intratracheally instilled with either 8 or 24 mg.kg(-1) tt-DDE weekly for 8 weeks. Total numbers and types ...
Flodby Per - - 2010
Pulmonary alveolar epithelium is comprised of two morphologically and functionally distinct cell types, alveolar epithelial type (AT) I and AT2 cells. Genetically modified mice with cell-specific Cre/loxP-mediated knockouts of relevant genes in each respective cell type would be useful to help elucidate the relative contributions of AT1 versus AT2 cells ...
Reynolds Susan D - - 2010
Clara cells were first described as a morphologically distinct cell type by Kolliker in 1881, but they take their name from the seminal study of human and rabbit bronchioles by Max Clara in 1937. Since their discovery, Clara cells have been identified as central players in protecting the airway from ...
Geys Jorina - - 2009
In vivo, translocation of inhaled nanoparticles to the circulation has been demonstrated. However, the interaction of nanoparticles with the lung epithelium is not understood. In this study, we investigated, in vitro, the translocation of nano-sized quantum dots (QDs; 25 pmol/ml) through a tight monolayer of primary isolated rat alveolar epithelial ...
Gonzalez Robert F - - 2009
Alveolar type I (TI) cells are large, squamous cells that cover 95-99% of the internal surface area of the lung. Although TI cells are believed to be terminally differentiated, incapable of either proliferation or phenotypic plasticity, TI cells in vitro both proliferate and express phenotypic markers of other differentiated cell ...
Hung Jen-Yu - - 2010
This study investigates the anticancer effect of dehydrocostuslactone (DHE), a medicinal plant-derived sesquiterpene lactone, on human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines, A549, NCI-H460 and NCI-H520. Our results show that DHE inhibits the proliferation of A549, NCI-H460 and NCI-H520 cells. DHE-induced apoptosis in both A549 and NCI-H460 cells. DHE triggered ...
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