Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2077
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Luppi F - - 2007
Interleukin-8 (IL-8; CXCL8) is a cytokine of the CXC chemokine family that is involved in neutrophil recruitment and activation. In addition, IL-8 has been implicated in a wide variety of other processes, including angiogenesis and metastasis in lung cancer. Lung adenocarcinoma and muco-epidermoid carcinoma cells produce substantial amounts of IL-8, ...
Bhaskaran Manoj - - 2007
Type II alveolar epithelial cells (AEC II) proliferate and transdifferentiate into type I alveolar epithelial cells (AEC I) when the normal AEC I population is damaged in the lung alveoli. We hypothesized that signaling by transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF beta1), through its downstream Smad proteins, is involved in keeping ...
Archer Fabienne - - 2007
Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA) is a naturally occurring cancer in sheep, with clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic features similar to that of human pneumonic-type bronchioloalveolar carcinoma. JSRV (Jaagsiekte Sheep RetroVirus) is the etiologic agent of this contagious lung cancer in sheep. Cells involved in the tumor derive from alveolar type II ...
Paleari Laura - - 2006
Previous studies have shown that the cholinergic system plays a pivotal rule in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell growth through an autocrine loop that activates the nicotinic cholinergic receptor, which together with the activation of this receptor by nicotine links SCLC evolution with tobacco use. Non-small cell lung cancer ...
Ueda Katsura - - 2006
Double immunohistochemistry of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins [synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25), syntaxin and vesicle-associated protein-2 (VAMP-2)], and specific cell markers of taste buds cells [alpha-gustducin and phospholipase Cbeta2 (PLCbeta2) for type II cells; neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) for type III cells] was ...
Keane Michael P - - 2006
The pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis is poorly understood. Although inflammation has been presumed to have an important role in the development of fibrosis this has been questioned recently, particularly with regard to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). It is, however, increasingly recognized that the polarization of the inflammatory response toward a ...
Tian Yong - - 2007
Lung development depends upon the differentiation and expansion of a variety of specialized epithelial cell types, including distal type I and type II pneumocytes in the late term. Previous studies have shown a strict dependence on the choline cytidylyltransferase alpha isoform (CCTalpha) to mediate membrane phospholipid formation in cultured cells ...
Znidaric Magda Tusek - - 2007
Astroglia cells structurally and nutritionally support neurons in the central nervous system. They play an important role in guiding the construction of the nervous system and controlling the chemical and ionic environment of neurons. They also represent the major sites for accumulation and immobilisation of toxic metal ions most probably ...
Deimling Julie - - 2007
Classical tissue recombination experiments have reported that at early gestation both tracheal and distal lung epithelium have the plasticity to respond to mesenchymal signals. Herein we examined the role of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in maintaining epithelial differentiation at late (E19-E21, term = 22 days) fetal gestation in the rat. Isolated distal ...
Carolan Brendan J - - 2006
Neuroendocrine differentiation is a common feature of lung cancer and increased numbers of neuroendocrine cells and their peptides have been described in chronic smokers. To understand the effects of cigarette smoking on the gene expression profile of neuroendocrine cells, microarray analysis with TaqMan confirmation was used to assess airway epithelial ...
Liu Chien-Ying - - 2007
Defensins play a pivotal role in antimicrobial reactions, inflammatory responses, wound repair, and specific immunity. In inflammatory and infectious lung diseases, alpha-defensins are released from recruited neutrophils, and modulate a variety of lung cell functions. We found that human bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells treated with low and moderate concentrations ...
Kuebler Wolfgang M - - 2007
Although proinflammatory cell signaling in the alveolo-capillary region predisposes to acute lung injury, key cell-signaling mechanisms remain inadequately understood. Alveolo-capillary inflammation is likely to involve coordinated signaling among cells of different phenotypes. For example, migration of inflammatory cells into the alveolus might entail coordinated signaling between adjoining alveolar epithelial and ...
Hall Joshua D - - 2007
Francisella tularensis replicates in macrophages and dendritic cells, but interactions with other cell types have not been well described. F. tularensis LVS invaded and replicated within alveolar epithelial cell lines. Following intranasal inoculation of C57BL/6 mice, Francisella localized to the alveolus and replicated within alveolar type II epithelial cells.
Riley Mark R - - 2006
Health risks associated with the inhalation of biological materials have been a topic of great concern; however, there are no rapid and automatable methods available to evaluate the potential health impact of inhaled materials. Here we describe a novel approach to evaluate the potential toxic effects of materials evaluated through ...
Asano Shigeyuki - - 2006
In this study, we have categorized cord blood CD5(+) B cells, which were examined using the horseradish peroxidase-colloidal gold double labeling immunoelectron microscopy, into three subtypes based on their morphology and immunohistochemical characteristics. Type 1a cells and type 1b cells (9% and 17% of the CD5(+) B cells, respectively) had ...
Berezovski Maxim V - - 2007
Chemical cytometry studies the molecular composition of individual cells by means of capillary electrophoresis or capillary chromatography. In one of its realizations an intact cell is injected inside the capillary, the plasma membrane is disrupted to release the cellular contents into the separation buffer, and, finally, the molecules of interest ...
Blumen Steven R - - 2007
Lung cancers, malignant mesotheliomas (MM), and fibrosis are devastating diseases with limited treatment strategies, in part due to poorly-effective drug delivery to affected areas of lung. We hypothesized that acid-prepared mesoporous spheres (APMS) (1-2 microm diameter, 40 A pore size) might be effective vehicles for pulmonary chemotherapeutic drug delivery. To ...
Andrade Cristiano F - - 2007
Emphysema is a chronic lung disease characterized by alveolar enlargement and tissue loss. Tissue engineering represents an attractive potential for regeneration of several organ systems. The complex three-dimensional architectural structure of lung parenchyma requiring connections of alveolar units to airways and the pulmonary circulation makes this strategy less optimistic. In ...
Pataer A - - 2007
Our previous studies demonstrated that adenovirus-mediated overexpression of melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (Ad-mda7) leads to rapid induction of double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) and activation of its downstream targets, resulting in apoptosis induction in human lung cancer cells. Here, we report that Ad-mda7 and the benzoquinone ansamycin geldanamycin (GA) interact in ...
MacCorkle R A - - 2006
Exposure to the natural mineral fiber asbestos causes severe lung-damaging fibrosis and cancer, yet it continues to be used as an industrial insulating material throughout the world. When cultured human lung cells are exposed to asbestos, individual fibers are engulfed into the cytoplasm where they induce significant mitotic aberrations leading ...
Kouznetsova Irina - - 2007
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that is accompanied by goblet cell metaplasia and mucus hypersecretion. Trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides represent major secretory products of the respiratory tract and are synthesized together with mucins. In the murine lung, TFF2 is mainly expressed, whereas TFF1 transcripts represent ...
Lin Hongxia - - 2007
The effect of various surfactants (sodium cholate, sodium taurocholate, Tween 80 and Poloxamer F68) on enhancing the transepithelial permeability of fexofenadine.HCl was evaluated in a human nasal epithelial cell monolayer model. The cytotoxicity of the surfactants on the human nasal epithelial cells was evaluated by the MTT assay. A dose-dependent ...
Magra Amy L - - 2006
Based on data developed with the use of isolated lipid droplets from neonatal rat lung lipofibroblasts, we speculated previously that the droplet coat protein, adipose differentiation-related protein (ADFP), mediated the transfer of lipids into type 2 lung epithelial cells for the production of surfactant phospholipids. The present studies were designed ...
Kim Kevin K KK Department of Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, - - 2006
Mechanisms leading to fibroblast accumulation during pulmonary fibrogenesis remain unclear. Although there is in vitro evidence of lung alveolar epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), whether EMT occurs within the lung is currently unknown. Biopsies from fibrotic human lungs demonstrate epithelial cells with mesenchymal features, suggesting EMT. To more definitively test the capacity ...
Steimer Anne - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to establish a primary culture of porcine lung epithelial cells as an alternative to the currently existing cell cultures from other species, such as e.g., rat or human. Primary porcine lung epithelial cells were isolated, cultivated and analyzed at distinct time points after ...
Warhonowicz Maren - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The hypsodont equine cheek tooth erupts continuously throughout life. Tooth eruption is inevitably associated with a remodeling of the periodontium. One major process of remodeling in the PDL is cell proliferation. The aim of this study was to detect cell proliferation at different sites of the equine PDL in ...
Anabousi Samah - - 2006
Most human tumours over-express receptors for growth factors and peptide hormones, which are being increasingly studied as a means to selectively deliver cytotoxic agents. An example being the transferrin receptor (TfR, CD71). Here, we studied expression levels and location of TfR in different lung epithelial cell types (i.e., bronchial and ...
Yee Min - - 2006
Type II epithelial cells are essential for lung development and remodeling, as they are precursors for type I cells and can produce vascular mitogens. Although type II cell proliferation takes place after hyperoxia, it is unclear why alveolar remodeling occurs normally in adults whereas it is permanently disrupted in newborns. ...
Baptista Aline Lourenso - - 2006
Epithelial remodeling probably contributes to parenchymal deterioration in usual interstitial pneumonia/idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (UIP/IPF), but understanding its mechanisms is still a challenge. The aim of our study was to examine apoptosis and the epithelial changes in the histologic pattern of UIP. After immunohistochemical staining we quantified the content of type ...
Jiao Zong-Xian - - 2006
Cigarette smoke extract (CSE) contains abundant oxidants and free radicals. Oxidative stress caused by cigarette smoking results in the destruction of the alveolar cell walls and emphysema. However, there exists discrepancy about how CSE works in the process. In the present study, we observed the effect of CSE on the ...
Odajima Nao - - 2006
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), a glycosylated transmembrane protein that induces matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), is minimally expressed in the normal adult lung. We previously reported that it is up-regulated in murine bleomycin-induced lung injury. In this study, we determined the expression of EMMPRIN and its association with MMP-2, MMP-7, and ...
Martinez G - - 2006
An increased standardised rate of mortality from pleural mesothelioma among the population of Biancavilla (Sicily, Italy) has been attributed to exposure to fluoro-edenite fibres. Our aim was to establish whether and how these fibres may induce pathological effects using an in vivo model. Lung tissue collected from 60 healthy sheep ...
Selman Moisés - - 2006
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a progressive and relentless lung scarring of unknown etiology, has been recognized as the most lethal interstitial lung disease. Despite the growing interest in IPF, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the development of fibrosis and leading to the irreversible destruction of the lung are still unknown. ...
Kanj R S - - 2006
Intercellular communications between alveolar macrophages (AM) and alveolar epithelial type II (TII) cells have been suggested to be important in cellular responses. The main objective of this study was to improve our understanding of the interactions between AM and TII cells that might occur in the lung. In the present ...
Barth K - - 2006
Immunohistochemical and in vitro studies indicate that caveolin-1, which occurs abundantly in alveolar epithelial type I cells and microvascular endothelial cells of the lung, is selectively downregulated in the alveolar epithelium following exposure to bleomycin. Bleomycin is also known to enhance the expression levels of metalloproteinases and of the metalloproteinase ...
Gavara Núria - - 2006
Contractile tension of alveolar epithelial cells plays a major role in the force balance that regulates the structural integrity of the alveolar barrier. The aim of this work was to study thrombin-induced contractile forces of alveolar epithelial cells. A549 alveolar epithelial cells were challenged with thrombin, and time course of ...
Al-Rabeah Ebtehal - - 2006
The cellular response to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is important for the repair and regeneration of periradicular tissues. The purpose of this study was to analyze the response of human alveolar bone cells to MTA. A human alveolar bone chip was obtained from an oral surgical procedure and explant cultures ...
Bieńkowska-Haba Małgorzata - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Nitric oxide (NO) is one of many factors potentially involved in lung remodeling in asthma. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of pulmonary leukocytes from patients with bronchial asthma on alveolar epithelial cell damage in relation to NO production. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Induced sputum samples ...
Pillai Jyothish B - - 2006
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP), a chromatin-bound enzyme, is activated by cell oxidative stress. Because oxidative stress is also considered a main component of angiotensin II-mediated cell signaling, it was postulated that PARP could be a downstream target of angiotensin II-induced signaling leading to cardiac hypertrophy. To determine a role of PARP ...
Ishihara Tsuyoshi - - 2006
Carbonic anhydrase-related protein VIII (CA-RP VIII) is believed to be an oncofetal antigen and is overexpressed in colorectal and non-small cell lung cancer. However, the pathobiological properties of CA-RP VIII in lung cancer remain unclear. In the present study, we examined ultrastructural changes caused by exogenous CA-RP VIII expression in ...
Thejass P - - 2006
The effect of Sulforaphane on the inhibition of lung metastasis induced by B16F-10 melanoma cells was studied in C57BL/6 mice by three different modalities of administration-simultaneous, prophylactic and after tumour developed. Of this simultaneous mode of Sulforaphane administration was found to be most effective. There was 95.5% inhibition of lung ...
Yang Meng-Chun - - 2006
Surfactant protein-B (SP-B) and -C (SP-C) are small hydrophobic surfactant proteins that maintain surface tension in alveoli. Both SP-B and SP-C are regulated by a key factor, thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1), in lung cells. Previously, we identified a 26-kDa, TTF-1-associated protein (TAP26) that was shown to interact with TTF-1 and ...
Kasacka I - - 2006
The undertaken studies is aimed at immunohistochemical localisation, quantitative assessment and functional evaluation of neuroendocrine cells in the lungs of rats with experimentally induced uraemia. Lung and trachea fragments were collected after 1, 2 and 4 weeks from nephrectomy. Paraffin-embedded sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin and by silver ...
Samadikuchaksaraei Ali A Tissue Engineering & Regenerative Medicine Centre, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Chelsea & Westminster Campus, London, UK. - - 2006
The pluripotency of embryonic stem cells (ESC) is offering new opportunities in tissue engineering and cell therapy. We have shown previously that alveolar epithelial cells, specifically type II pneumocytes, can be derived from murine ESC and hypothesized that a similar protocol could be used successfully on human ESC. Undifferentiated human ...
Postle Anthony D - - 2006
Maturation of fetal alveolar type II epithelial cells in utero is characterized by specific changes to lung surfactant phospholipids. Here, we quantified the effects of hormonal differentiation in vitro on the molecular specificity of cellular and secreted phospholipids from human fetal type II epithelial cells using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. ...
Iakhiaev Alexei - - 2006
The protein C (PC) anticoagulant pathway is the major mechanism that controls thrombin generation in vivo and may thereby influence pathophysiologic fibrin turnover associated with intrapleural inflammation. We hypothesized that pleural mesothelial cells could regulate local expression of PC in evolving pleurodesis where inflammation and thrombosis play an important role. ...
Mukhopadhyay Nishit K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A well-known histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A, was applied to non-small-cell lung cancer cells to determine whether inhibition of histone deacetylase leads to the production of proteins that either arrest tumor cell growth or lead to tumor cell death. METHODS: Trichostatin A (0.01 to 1.0 micromol/L) was applied to ...
Li X - - 2006
Accidental intra-airway exposure of dogs with pure oleic acid produced bronchiolitis obliterans and bronchopneumonia. Pulmonary changes included multifocal to coalescing necrosis of bronchioles and adjacent alveoli, hemorrhage, inflammation, and exudation of fibrin. Hyperplasia of bronchiolar and alveolar epithelial cells and proliferation of loose fibrovascular connective tissue formed polyps or plugs ...
Dougherty Susan M SM Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, - - 2006
The higher frequency of lung adenocarcinoma in women smokers than in men smokers suggests a role for gender-dependent factors in the etiology of lung cancer. We evaluated estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta expression and activity in human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines and normal lung fibroblasts. Full-length ERalpha and ERbeta ...
Wah Jenny - - 2006
Previous studies have implicated antimicrobial peptides in the host defense of the mammalian intestinal and respiratory tract. The aim of the present study has been to characterize further the expression of these molecules in non-epithelial cells of the human pulmonary and digestive systems by detailed immunohistochemical analysis of the small ...
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