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Results 351 - 400 of 1495
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Zhang Yan - - 2008
Microinjection to single cells has been widely used in the studies of transduction-challenged cells, transgenic animal production, and in vitro fertilization to mechanically transfer DNAs, RNA interferences, sperms, proteins, peptides, and drugs. The advantages of microinjection include the precision of delivery dosage and timing, high efficiency of transduction as well ...
Hongo Etsuko - - 2008
PURPOSE: To isolate and to characterize cells expressing RNA polymerase II tagged with green fluorescent protein for analyses of the effects of ionizing radiation on transcription in living cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We introduced an alpha-amanitin-resistant mutation into a vector encoding the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II tagged with ...
Methi Trond - - 2008
T cells with short interfering RNA-mediated Lck-knockdown (kd) display paradoxical hyper-responsiveness upon TCR ligation. We have previously reported a possible mechanism for T-cell activation in cells with low levels of Lck depending on Grb2-SOS1 recruitment to the zeta-chain of TCR/CD3 (Methi et al., Eur. J. Immunol. 2007, 37: 2539-2548). Here, ...
Johansson Veronica M - - 2008
Polyamine depletion causes S phase prolongation, and earlier studies indicate that the elongation step of DNA replication is affected. This led us to investigate the effects of polyamine depletion on enzymes crucial for Okazaki fragment maturation in the two breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and L56Br-C1. In MCF-7 cells, treatment ...
Taetz S - - 2009
Tailorable cationic chitosan/PLGA nanoparticles (CPNP) were used for the delivery of an antisense 2'-O-methyl-RNA (2OMR) directed against RNA template of human telomerase. Here, we describe the influence of the chitosan content on binding efficiency, complex stability, uptake in different human lung cell types and finally demonstrate the efficacy of this ...
Uemura Takeshi T Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85724, - - 2008
SLC3A2, a member of the solute carrier family, was identified by proteomics methods as a component of a transporter capable of exporting the diamine putrescine in the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells selected for resistance to growth inhibition by high exogenous concentrations of putrescine. Putrescine transport was increased in inverted ...
Smetana Karel - - 2008
The present study was designed to provide more information on nucleoli in apoptotic cells,which were represented in the present study by cultured leukemic myeloblasts (Kasumi-1 cells). The apoptotic process in these cells was produced by trichostatin A (TSA) that is a histone deacetylase inhibitor with strong cytostatic effects. The selected ...
Pyrgiotakis G - - 2008
Current methods for the evaluation of cell interactions with particles are nonspecific, slow, and invasive to the cells. Raman spectroscopy is a noninvasive technique, and is used in the present study to investigate particle-cell interactions. The main focus of the present study is to employ Raman spectroscopy for investigating the ...
Ardelt W W Alfacell Corporation, 300 Atrium Drive, Somerset, NJ 08873, USA. - - 2008
Rana pipiens oocytes contain two homologues of pancreatic ribonuclease A that are cytostatic and cytotoxic to human cancer cells. Extensively studied Onconase is in advanced Phase IIIb clinical trials against malignant mesothelioma, while Amphinase is a novel enzyme in pre-clinical development. Onconase is the smallest (104 amino acid residues) member ...
López-Contreras Andrés J - - 2008
One of the processes that regulate intracellular levels of polyamines in mammalian cells is polyamine uptake. We have measured polyamine uptake in COS7 cells for putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, obtaining K(m) values of 4.5, 1.0, and 0.8 mum, respectively. Treatment of nonconfluent cells with cycloheximide stimulated polyamine uptake and prevented ...
Kristiansen Søren - - 2008
Pseudomonas aeruginosa uses acyl-homoserine lactones to coordinate gene transcription in a process called quorum sensing (QS). The QS molecules C4-HSL and C12-oxo-HSL are synthesized from the universal precursor S-adenosyl methionine, which is also a precursor of polyamines in human cells. Polyamines are required for mitotic cell division and peak during ...
Chattopadhyay Manas K - - 2008
Spermidine and its derivative, hypusinated eIF5A, are essential for the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Very low concentrations of spermidine (10(-8) M) are sufficient for the growth of S. cerevisiae polyamine auxotrophs (spe1Delta, spe2Delta, and spe3Delta). Under these conditions, even though the growth rate is near normal, the internal concentration of ...
Salerno Verônica P VP McLaughlin Research Institute, Great Falls, Montana 59405-4900, - - 2008
Myosin-Va has been shown to have multiple functions in a variety of cell types, including a role in RNA transport in neurons. Using primary cultures of cells from organs of young dilute-lethal (Myo5a(d-l)/Myo5a(d-l)) null mutant mice and wild-type controls, we show that in some, but not all, tissues, RNA distribution ...
Takakura Shu - - 2008
Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding small RNAs and constitute a novel class of negative gene regulators that are found in both plants and animals. Several miRNAs play crucial roles in cancer cell growth. To identify miRNAs specifically deregulated in anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) cells, we performed a comprehensive analysis of ...
Bellamy, A. R.
1. A tobacco cell-suspension tissue culture system derived from pith cells of Nicotiana tabacum L. var Wisconsin 38 was established. This system was used to study methods of purifying nucleic acids, phosphate ester and nucleic acid metabolism in cells subjected to nutritional shifts, and problems relating to the control of ...
Shrivastava Neeta - - 2008
RNA interference (RNAi) is a mechanism displayed by most eukaryotic cells to rid themselves of foreign double-stranded RNA molecules. RNAi has now been demonstrated to function in mammalian cells to alter gene expression, and has been used as a means for genetic discovery as well as a possible strategy for ...
Mühlbauer Marcus M Department of Medicine and Center for GI Biology and Diseases, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2008
Epididymitis represents a serious threat to male fertility and usually develops following secondary bacterial infection of the epididymis such as urinary tract infections or sexually transmitted diseases. Surprisingly, very little is known about the innate host response triggered by bacterial infection in the male reproductive tract. In this study we ...
Silva Jose M JM Watson School of Biological Sciences, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, - - 2008
By virtue of their accumulated genetic alterations, tumor cells may acquire vulnerabilities that create opportunities for therapeutic intervention. We have devised a massively parallel strategy for screening short hairpin RNA (shRNA) collections for stable loss-of-function phenotypes. We assayed from 6000 to 20,000 shRNAs simultaneously to identify genes important for the ...
Jang, Su-Jin
We analyzed changes in polyamine contents and the activities of biosynthetic enzymes during each phase of the cell cycle for a synchronized population of BY-2 cells. Based on our analysis of <TEX>$H^3$</TEX>-thymidine incorporation flow cytometry and the mitotic index, the M and <TEX>$G_2$</TEX> phases seemed to occur at 8 h ...
Lee, Young-Ju
In this study, nuclease-resistant RNA aptamers that are specific for Jurkat T leukemia cells were selected by a subtractive systemic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) method. A randomized nuclease-resistant RNA library was incubated with normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in each round to preclude RNAs that recognize ...
Ueda, Akiko
Abstract Background Polyamines and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) are essential for cell proliferation. DL-α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a synthetic inhibitor of ODC, induces G 1 arrest through dephosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (pRb). The effect of DFMO on cell growth of pRb deficient cells is not known. We examined the effects of DFMO on ...
Chen Lisa S - - 2008
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell malignancy that is slow-growing, and thus traditional DNA-replication directed chemotherapeutics are ineffective. We hypothesized that those agents that target RNA-directed processes would be successful in MM. To test this postulate, cordycepin, a polyadenylation inhibitor was used as a proof-of-principle towards MM cell ...
Svenningsen Sine L - - 2008
Quorum sensing is a cell-to-cell communication process that allows bacteria to measure their population numbers and to synchronously alter gene expression in response to changes in cell population density. At the core of the Vibrio cholerae quorum-sensing signal transduction pathway lie four redundant small RNAs (sRNAs), named the Quorum Regulatory ...
Haapa-Paananen, Saija
Keystone Symposia, RNAi, MicroRNA, Non-Coding RNA abstract book. Whistler, Canada, 25 - 30 March 2008, 89
Schilders Geurt - - 2008
A key component responsible for 3'- to 5'-RNA turnover in eukaryotic cells is the exosome, a multisubunit complex present in both the nucleus and cytoplasm of the cell. Here we describe several methods that can be applied to study the structure and function of the exosome in mammalian cell lines. ...
Thiry Marc - - 2008
This protocol describes a nonisotopic method for high-resolution investigation of the kinetics of RNA within the cell. This involves the incorporation of bromouridine-5'-triphosphate into RNA of living cells by lipofection followed by immunocytological detection of BrRNAs. The use of the same antibody identified either with fluorescence or with gold particles ...
Schnettler Esther - - 2008
The NS3 protein of the tenuivirus rice hoja blanca virus (RHBV) has previously been shown to represent the viral RNA interference (RNAi) suppressor and is active in both plant and insect cells by binding short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) in vitro. Using a firefly luciferase-based silencing assay it is described here ...
Steinbrink Sandra - - 2008
RNA interference (RNAi) has become a widely used tool to analyze biological functions in vivo and in vitro. With the availability of an increasing number of Drosophila cell lines, a variety of different processes can be studied ranging from cell cycle control defects to signaling pathway activities and changes in ...
Mann David G J - - 2008
RNA interference (RNAi) has become a powerful biological tool over the past decade. In this study, a tetracycline-inducible small hairpin RNA (shRNA) vector system was designed for silencing cyan fluorescent protein (CFP) expression and delivered alongside the yfp marker gene into Chinese hamster ovary cells using impalefection on spatially indexed ...
Kalantidis Kriton - - 2008
Higher eukaryotes have developed a mechanism of sequence-specific RNA degradation which is known as RNA silencing. In plants and some animals, similar to the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, RNA silencing is a non-cell-autonomous event. Hence, silencing initiation in one or a few cells leads progressively to the sequence-specific suppression of homologous ...
Sokoloski Kevin J - - 2008
HeLa S100 cytoplasmic extracts have been shown to effectively recapitulate many aspects of mRNA decay. Given their flexibility and the variety of applications readily amenable to extracts, the use of such systems to probe questions relating to the field of RNA turnover has steadily increased over time. Cytoplasmic extract systems ...
Vega Christopher J - - 2008
Gene expression analysis provides an insight into the unique and defining biomolecular characteristics of a given cell type. However, heterogeneous cellular compositions hinder gene analysis studies from most tissue samples. The laser microdissection (LMD) technique allows for the unambiguous isolation of a desired cell population. However, preserving RNA integrity can ...
Smetana Karel - - 2008
The present study was undertaken to provide information on the nucleolar and cytoplasmic density in specimens stained for RNA during "cell dedifferentiation" represented by blastic transformation of mature T lymphocytes. Nucleolar and cytoplasmic RNA's were visualized using a simple cytochemical method followed by computer assisted densitometry and size measurements of ...
Zhou Yu - - 2008
The turnip crinkle virus-based vector TCV-GFP Delta CP had been devised previously to study cell-to-cell and long-distance spread of virus-induced RNA silencing. TCV-GFP Delta CP, which had been constructed by replacing the coat protein (CP) gene with a green fluorescent protein (GFP) coding sequence, was able to induce RNA silencing ...
Tsen Chung - - 2008
Polyamine transport is elevated in many tumor types, suggesting that toxic polyamine-drug conjugates could be targeted to cancer cells via the polyamine transporter (PAT). We have previously reported the use of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and its PAT-deficient mutant cell line, CHO-MG, to screen anthracene-polyamine conjugates for their PAT-selective ...
Takao Koichi - - 2007
Prodrugs that can readily release polyamine into cells without the problem of generating cytotoxic compound by serum amine oxidase would be extremely useful for elucidation of polyamine function. As linear polyamines with acetamide groups on both sides are thought to be stable in the presence of serum amine oxidase and ...
Di Benedetto Rita - - 2008
The function of PMP70, one of the four ABC half-transporters of mammalian peroxisomes, encoded by ABCD3 gene, is still unclear. The finding that PMP70 over-expression partially corrected very long-chain fatty acid oxidation defects in fibroblasts of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy patients, has unveiled its potential clinical relevance, prompting us to set up ...
Dahm Ralf - - 2007
RNA localization is emerging as an important process to restrict certain proteins to specific subcellular domains and thus spatially control the expression of genes within cells. It is used, for instance, to compartmentalize the developing embryo during early embryogenesis. The localization of RNA also plays important roles later during development, ...
Smith Lisa M - - 2007
In our recent paper in Plant Cell, we examined the phenomenon of non-cell autonomous RNA silencing through a genetic screen of the requirements for cell-to-cell signal movement.1 We found a requirement for components of the nuclear and trans-acting RNA silencing pathways in blocking or enhancing the spread of silencing and ...
Höytö A - - 2007
A replication study with some extensions was made to confirm enhancement of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity in murine L929 fibroblasts after radiofrequency (RF) field exposure reported in earlier studies. L929 cells purchased from two cell banks were exposed for 2, 8, or 24 h to continuous wave or DAMPS (burst ...
Han Yuan - - 2007
Receptor binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells (RCAS1), a tumor-associated antigen, was expressed in various malignant tissues. It is involved in the tumor immune escape. Here, we reported the evidence that knockdown of RCAS1 expression by RNA interference can recovers T cell growth and proliferation. We designed a small ...
Jiang Rongcai - - 2007
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most therapeutically refractory human cancers. Elevated cellular polyamine levels are a common feature of cancer cells, including GBM cells, and the polyamine pathway has been explored as a potential therapeutic target to inhibit polyamine biosynthesis or activate polyamine catabolism. In this study, we ...
Jiang Rongcai - - 2007
N(1), N(11)-Diethylnorspermine (DENSPM) is a spermine analog and prototype anti-cancer drug that depletes cellular polyamine, increases cellular oxidative stress through the generation of H(2)O(2) and induces the death of multiple types of cancer cells. However, the survival pathways perturbed by DENSPM are uncertain. To identify these pathways, we examined a ...
Dupertuis Yves M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: L-Glutamine, L-arginine, RNA, and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been incorporated into nutritional formulas to improve immunity of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. We therefore examined the individual and net effects of these immunonutrients on four different human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines. METHODS: LS174T, HT-29, CO112, and Caco-2 cells ...
Kobayashi, Satoru
Thesis--University of Tsukuba, D.Sc.(B), no. 585, 1990.3.23
Battle Daniel J - - 2007
The survival of motor neurons (SMN) complex is essential for the biogenesis of small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) complexes in eukaryotic cells. Reduced levels of SMN cause the motor neuron degenerative disease, spinal muscular atrophy. We identify here stable subunits of the SMN complex that do not contain SMN. Sedimentation and ...
Aboutabl Mona E - - 2007
Cardiomyocytes are a valuable tool for studying the drug metabolizing enzymes in the heart. However, isolated cardiomyocytes are rather fragile and difficult to isolate. Therefore, there is an urgent need for an in vitro cell line model. The H9c2 cells are commonly used as an in vitro model for studying ...
Mattick John S - - 2007
It is usually thought that the development of complex organisms is controlled by protein regulatory factors and morphogenetic signals exchanged between cells and differentiating tissues during ontogeny. However, it is now evident that the majority of all animal genomes is transcribed, apparently in a developmentally regulated manner, suggesting that these ...
Toba, Ken
We analyzed the surface phenotypes and cell cycle of twenty two hemopoietic cell lines using 7AAD/PY based on the cellular DNA/RNA content. Populations of G1a, G1b, S, and G2+M, DNA index (DI), and the RNA index of S phase (SRI) were calculated by means of DNA/RNA dot plots. Two new ...
Wallace H M - - 2007
The polyamines are growth factors in both normal and cancer cells. As the intracellular polyamine content correlates positively with the growth potential of that cell, the idea that depletion of polyamine content will result in inhibition of cell growth and, particularly tumour cell growth, has been developed over the last ...
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