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Results 251 - 300 of 1495
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Friedrich Reinhard E - - 2010
A 19-year-old female with established neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) diagnosis and history of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST) of the lower extremities showed a tumour of her right upper extremity with a maximum standardised uptake value (SUV) of 5.7 on positron emission/computerised tomography (PET/CT) scan. The extirpated tumour proved ...
Sharma R I - - 2011
Breast tumours responding to chemotherapy exhibit decreased [(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([(18)F]FDG) incorporation. Underlying mechanisms of these changes is poorly understood. Here, in MCF-7 cells, responding to chemotherapy drugs commonly utilised in the treatment of breast cancer, [(18)F]FDG incorporation and several pivotal factors associated with [(18)F]FDG incorporation investigated. Methods. IC50 and subclinical doxorubicin, ...
Zheng Ruiping - - 2010
In higher eukaryotic cells, long non-protein-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in a wide array of cellular functions. Cell- or tissue-specific expression of lncRNA genes encoded in the mammalian genome is thought to contribute to the complex gene networks needed to regulate cellular function. Here, we have identified a novel ...
Amico P - - 2010
We report a case of diffuse and extreme cytoplasmic vacuolization of tumour cells in a rectal adenocarcinoma after neoadjuvant treatment. A 64-year-old man with a moderately differentiated rectal adenocarcinoma, diagnosed by endoscopic rectal biopsy, underwent surgical treatment after chemoradiotherapy. Residual tumour mass was represented by foci of neoplastic cells with ...
Chitwood Daniel H - - 2010
A key feature of RNA interference is its ability to spread from cell to cell. Such non-cell-autonomous gene silencing has been characterized extensively in both plants and animals, but the identity of the mobile silencing signal has remained elusive. Several recent studies now shed light on the identity of this ...
Wang Jianhong - - 2010
Aryl-guanidino polyamine conjugates were prepared to evaluate their recognition for polyamine transporter (PAT) via a-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) and spermidine (SPD)-treated B16 cell lines. The potent synergistic effects of DFMO on guanidino polyamine conjugates indicated that the presence of DFMO strongly facilitates the transport of conjugates into cells via PAT on cell ...
Kim Jin-Young - - 2011
During the peri-implantation period in sheep, L-arginine (L-Arg) in the uterine lumen is an essential substrate for the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), by nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and polyamines, via arginase and ornithine decarboxylase, that are required for survival and development of ovine conceptuses (embryo and its extraembryonic membranes). ...
Venkataraman Suvir S Department of Bioengineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, - - 2010
Cancer cells are characterized by genetic mutations that deregulate cell proliferation and suppress cell death. To arrest the uncontrolled replication of malignant cells, conventional chemotherapies systemically disrupt cell division, causing diverse and often severe side effects as a result of collateral damage to normal cells. Seeking to address this shortcoming, ...
Palumberi Domenico - - 2010
In a previous article, we demonstrated the existence of fucosyl-containing O-glycans forms of nucleolin in bovine post-capillary venular endothelial cells (CVEC) and malignant cultured human A431 cells. The tool for this discovery was an antibody found to interact strongly and exclusively with nucleolin in total protein extracts. The antibody was ...
Morse Alison M - - 2010
Differential gene expression between groups of homogenous cell types is a biological question whose time has come. RNA can be extracted from small numbers of cells, such as those isolated by laser-capture microdissection, but the small amounts obtained often require amplification to enable whole genome transcriptome profiling by technologies such ...
Savarin Philippe - - 2010
Owing to preferential electrostatic adsorption of multivalent cations on highly anionic surfaces, natural multivalent polyamines and especially quadrivalent spermine can be considered as potential regulators of the complex dynamical properties of anionic MTs (microtubules). Indeed, the C-terminal tails of tubulin display many negative residues in a row which should enable ...
Spiliotis Markus - - 2010
In this study we demonstrate RNA interference mediated knock-down of target gene expression in Echinococcus multilocularis primary cells on both the transcriptional and translational level. In addition, we report on an improved method for generating E. multilocularis primary cell mini-aggregates from in vitro cultivated metacestode vesicles, and on the cultivation ...
Meana Clara - - 2010
Polyamines mediate acute metabolic effects and cardiac hypertrophy associated with β-adrenoceptor stimulation. They may also modulate β-adrenoceptors, causing functional responses in rat atria and tracheal smooth muscle. The aim of this study was to determine whether polyamines interact with human β(1)- and β(2)-adrenoceptors and the functional consequences of such an ...
Linsalata Michele - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Anandamide (AEA) is an endogenous agonist for cannabinoid receptor CB1-R and seems to be involved in the control of cancer growth. Polyamines are compounds that play an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation. Our aim was to investigate the effect of AEA on the polyamine levels (putrescine, spermidine ...
Corrias Maria Valeria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Since there is no validated assay to monitor disease in children with neuroblastoma (NB), we tested whether NB specific cell-free RNA could be detected in their plasma samples. Moreover, with the aim of reducing patients' discomfort, we compared this assay to a recently standardized procedure that uses a larger ...
Castelnuovo Manuele - - 2010
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a pediatric cancer characterized by remarkable cell heterogeneity within the tumor nodules. Here, we demonstrate that the synthesis of a pol III-transcribed noncoding (nc) RNA (NDM29) strongly restricts NB development by promoting cell differentiation, a drop of malignancy processes, and a dramatic reduction of the tumor initiating ...
Watashi Koichi - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) act in post-transcriptional gene silencing and are proposed to function in a wide spectrum of pathologies, including cancers and viral diseases. Currently, to our knowledge, no detailed mechanistic characterization of small molecules that interrupt miRNA pathways have been reported. In screening a small chemical library, we identified compounds ...
Uemura Takeshi T The Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, - - 2010
The polyamines spermidine and spermine, and their precursor putrescine, are required for cell growth and cellular functions. The high levels of tissue polyamines are implicated in carcinogenesis. The major sources of exogenous polyamines are diet and intestinal luminal bacteria in gastrointestinal (GI) tissues. Both endocytic and solute carrier-dependent mechanisms have ...
Chatterjee Anirban - - 2010
The life science and healthcare communities have been redefining the importance of ribonucleic acid (RNA) through the study of small molecule RNA (in RNAi/siRNA technologies), micro RNA (in cancer research and stem cell research), and mRNA (gene expression analysis for biologic drug targets). Research in this field increasingly requires efficient ...
Vecchio G M - - 2010
Benign peripheral nerve sheath tumours, including neurofibroma, may occasionally contain a heterologous mature fatty component. Additional lipoblast-like cells can be occasionally identified among mature adipocytes. We report the first case of a plexiform neurofibroma from a NF1 patient containing exclusively lipoblast-like cells exhibiting morphological and immunohistochemical features identical to univaculoted ...
Amico P - - 2010
Atypical and epithelioid cell variants of dermatofibroma may represent a potential diagnostic pitfall. Only rarely atypical dermatofibroma may show focal epithelioid cell features. We herein report a rare case of dermatofibroma composed of a predominant (> 90%) epithelioid/deciduoid-like cell component, in which rare multinucleated bizarre cells and atypical mitoses were ...
González-Ballester David - - 2010
The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii transcriptome was characterized from nutrient-replete and sulfur-depleted wild-type and snrk2.1 mutant cells. This mutant is null for the regulatory Ser-Thr kinase SNRK2.1, which is required for acclimation of the alga to sulfur deprivation. The transcriptome analyses used microarray hybridization and RNA-seq technology. Quantitative RT-PCR evaluation of the ...
Loreto Carla - - 2010
Aquaporins (AQP) are family of water channels found in several epithelial and endothelial cells, whose recent identification has provided insights into water transport in several tissues, including the central nervous system (CNS). Since brain edema continues to be the main cause of death from several CNS diseases, such as stroke, ...
Baibakov Boris - - 2010
Shiga toxin (Stx) produced by the invasive Shigella dysenteriae serotype 1 (S. dysenteriae1) causes gastrointestinal and kidney complications. It has been assumed that Stx is released intracellularly after enterocyte invasion by S. dysenteriae1. However, there is little information about Stx distribution inside S. dysenteriae1-infected enterocytes. Here, we use intestinal epithelial ...
Naeye B - - 2010
Delivering intact small interfering RNA (siRNA) into the cytoplasm of targeted cells in vivo is considered a major obstacle in the development of clinically applicable RNA interference-based therapies. Although dextran hydroxyethyl methacrylate (dex-HEMA) nanogels have been reported to be suitable carriers for siRNA delivery in vitro, and are ideally sized ...
Mourtada-Maarabouni Mirna M Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine and School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Keele, ST5 5BG, - - 2010
The central importance of the serine/threonine protein kinase mTOR (mammalian Target of Rapamycin) in the control of cell growth and proliferation is well established. However, our knowledge both of the upstream pathways controlling mTOR activity and of the downstream events mediating these effects is still seriously incomplete. We report a ...
Dunoyer Patrice P Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du CNRS, Université de Strasbourg 12 rue du Général Zimmer, 67084 Strasbourg cedex, France. - - 2010
In the plant RNA interference (RNAi) pathway, 21-nucleotide duplexes of small interfering RNA (siRNA) are processed from longer double-stranded RNA precursors by the RNaseIII Dicer-like 4 (DCL4). Single-stranded siRNAs then guide Argonaute 1 (AGO1) to execute posttranscriptional silencing of complementary target RNAs. RNAi is not cell-autonomous in higher plants, but ...
Pelletier Isabelle - - 2010
We compared HEp-2-derived cells cured of persistent poliovirus infection by RNA interference (RNAi) with parental cells, to investigate possible changes in the efficiency of RNAi. Lower levels of poliovirus replication were observed in cured cells, possibly facilitating virus silencing by antiviral small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). However, green fluorescent protein (GFP) ...
Fu Yinghui - - 2011
CITRON (rho-interacting, serine/threonine kinase 21), which is a key component of the midbody, is essential for cytokinesis. However, the role of CITRON in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is poorly understood. Here we first measured the expression of CITRON in HCC specimens by quantitative real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemical staining. The results showed ...
Slomovic Shimyn - - 2010
Polyadenylation of RNA is a posttranscriptional modification that can play two somewhat opposite roles: stable polyadenylation of RNA encoded in the nuclear genomes of eukaryote cells contributes to nuclear export, translation initiation, and possibly transcript longevity as well. Conversely, transient polyadenylation targets RNA molecules to rapid exonucleolytic degradation. The latter ...
Wallis S - - 2010
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare but aggressive neuroendocrine tumour of the skin with high rate of local recurrence and distant metastatic potential leading to poor outcomes. Merkel cells are normally found as innervated clusters of cells around hair follicles in the basal layer of the epidermis and are ...
Alam Md Rowshon MR Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, - - 2010
We demonstrate that the biological effect of an oligonucleotide is influenced by its route of cellular uptake. Utilizing a splice-switching antisense oligonucleotide (SSO) and a sensitive reporter assay involving correction of RNA splicing, we examined induction of luciferase in cells treated either with various concentrations of an unconjugated ("free") SSO ...
Yamashita Yoji - - 2010
Cell division cycle 25 (CDC25) phosphatases are cell-cycle regulatory proteins which are overexpressed in a significant number of human cancers. This study evaluated the role of CDC25 phosphatases in human glioma proliferation. Upregulation of CDC25A was observed in human glioma specimens and human glioma cell lines. Comparison of expression levels ...
Olmedo-Monfil Vianey - - 2010
In the ovules of most sexual flowering plants female gametogenesis is initiated from a single surviving gametic cell, the functional megaspore, formed after meiosis of the somatically derived megaspore mother cell (MMC). Because some mutants and certain sexual species exhibit more than one MMC, and many others are able to ...
Koldehoff Michael - - 2010
Selective inhibition of the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase by RNA interference has been demonstrated in leukemic cells. We, therefore, evaluated specific BCR-ABL small interfering RNA silencing in BCR-ABL-positive cell lines, including those resistant to imatinib and particularly those with the T315I mutation. The factor-independent 32Dp210 BCR-ABL oligoclonal cell lines and human ...
Handa Avtar K - - 2010
Biogenic amines putrescine, spermidine and spermine are ubiquitous in nature and have interested researchers because they are essential for cell division and viability, and due to a large body of their pharmacological effects on growth and development in most living cells. The genes and enzymes involved in their biosynthetic pathways ...
Angelini Riccardo - - 2010
Amine oxidases (AOs) catalyse the oxidative de-amination of polyamines, ubiquitous polycationic compounds involved in important events of cell life. They include the copper-containing amine oxidases (CuAOs; EC 1.4.3.6) and the flavin-containing polyamine oxidases (PAOs; EC 1.5.3.11). The main physiological role of these moonlighting proteins has been linked to compartment-specific H2O2 ...
Berndl Sina - - 2010
Interstrand thiazole orange (TO) dimers in RNA show a yellow colored emission that can be distinguished from the green TO monomer emission by confocal microscopy inside CHO cells.
Tighe Scott - - 2010
The majority of tumors, including melanoma, are phenotypically heterogeneous in that they contain various cell populations with differential expression of cell surface antigens such as CD133/Prominin-1. We have used fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) technology to purify CD133(+) and CD133(-) cellular subsets from mouse melanoma models for high-quality total RNA practical ...
Wellmann Sven - - 2010
Hypoxia and other adverse conditions are commonly encountered by rapidly growing cells. The RNA-binding protein RBM3 (RNA-binding motif protein 3), which is transcriptionally induced by low temperature and hypoxia, has recently been implicated in survival of colon cancer cells by mechanisms involving cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) signaling. Immunohistochemically, we found strong RBM3 ...
Fosu-Nyarko John - - 2010
Laser microdissection (LM) has become an important tool for isolating individual cells or cell types from suitably prepared tissue samples. The technique can be used to isolate both fungal and host plant cells after pathogen infection for molecular studies. Sample preparation is a crucial step in LM and involves fixing ...
Rosa Cristina - - 2010
The xylem feeding leafhopper Homalodisaca vitripennis (H. vitripennis) is an unusually robust and efficient vector of Xylella fastidiosa, a Gram-negative bacterium which causes several very important plant diseases. Here we investigated RNA interference (RNAi) to target actin, a key component of insect cells and whole bodies, in H. vitripennis cells. ...
Marino M L - - 2010
Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) target tumour acidic pH and have an antineoplastic effect in melanoma. The PPI esomeprazole (ESOM) kills melanoma cells through a caspase-dependent pathway involving cytosolic acidification and alkalinization of tumour pH. In this paper, we further investigated the mechanisms of ESOM-induced cell death in melanoma. ESOM rapidly ...
Ohshima Keiichi - - 2010
Exosomes play a major role in cell-to-cell communication, targeting cells to transfer exosomal molecules including proteins, mRNAs, and microRNAs (miRNAs) by an endocytosis-like pathway. miRNAs are small noncoding RNA molecules on average 22 nucleotides in length that regulate numerous biological processes including cancer pathogenesis and mediate gene down-regulation by targeting ...
Wu Xinwei - - 2010
Dengue viruses (DENs) are the wildest transmitted mosquito-borne pathogens throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. Infection with DENs can cause severe flu-like illness and potentially fatal hemorrhagic fever. Although RNA interference triggered by long-length dsRNA was considered a potent antiviral pathway in the mosquito, only limited studies of the value ...
Zhou Jiehua J Division of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, City of Hope, Duarte, CA 91010, USA. - - 2010
This potent ability of small interfering (si)RNAs to inhibit the expression of complementary RNA transcripts is being exploited as a new class of therapeutics for a variety of diseases. However, the efficient and safe delivery of siRNAs into specific cell populations is still the principal challenge in the clinical development ...
Astier Anne L AL Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
Functional studies of human primary immune cells have been hampered by the lack of tools to silence gene functions. In this study, we report the application of a lentiviral RNA interference library in primary human T cells. Using a subgenomic short hair RNA library targeting approximately 1000 signaling genes, we ...
Agostinelli E - - 2010
Polyamines are small cationic molecules required for cellular proliferation and are detected at higher concentrations in most tumour tissues, compared to normal tissues. Agmatine (AGM), a biogenic amine, is able to arrest proliferation in cell lines by depleting intracellular polyamine levels. It enters mammalian cells via the polyamine transport system. ...
Palmer Andrew J - - 2009
Increased polyamine concentrations play an important role in the development of cancer at all stages, from initiation through to maintenance of the transformed phenotype. One way cancer cells accumulate increased concentrations of polyamines is by increased uptake of preformed polyamines via their PTS (polyamine transport system). The PTS is promiscuous ...
He Yan - - 2010
The present study was designed to research on RNA interference hepatitis B virus x gene approach to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) therapy. Previously, we constructed and identified shRNA eukaryotic expression vectors (pshRNA-X220) specific to HBx gene, pshRNA-MOCK (control); and established HCC cell lines with stable expression shRNA eukaryotic vector targeting HBx ...
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