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Hernández-Varas Pablo - - 2011
The Mig-10/RIAM/lamellipodin (MRL) family member Rap1-GTP-interacting adaptor molecule (RIAM) interacts with active Rap1, a small GTPase that is frequently activated in tumors such as melanoma and prostate cancer. We show here that RIAM is expressed in metastatic human melanoma cells and that both RIAM and Rap1 are required for BLM ...
Schittenhelm Jens - - 2011
Schittenhelm J, Simon P, Harter P N, Zachskorn C, Schlaszus H, Röttger F, Winkels M, Weller M, Meyermann R & Mittelbronn M (2011) Histopathology CD133 expression is associated with small round blue cell tumour morphology in human central nervous system neoplasms Aims:  CD133 is considered to be a marker for ...
Payton Florastina - - 2011
There has been a steady rise in fatalities associated with thick melanomas (>4mm). Although understanding of the biology of the disease has improved, effective treatment strategies for patients with advanced metastatic melanoma remain elusive. Therefore, more intensive testing of agents with therapeutic potential are needed to improve survival of patients ...
Gilbert Duncan - - 2011
Testicular germ cell tumours (TGCTs) of adults and adolescents are putatively derived from primordial germ cells or gonocytes. Recently reported genome-wide association studies implicate six gene loci that predispose to TGCT development. Remarkably, the functions of proteins encoded by genes within these regions bridge our understanding between the pathways involved ...
Franco Renato - - 2011
GPR30 is a 7-transmembrane G protein-coupled estrogen receptor that functions alongside traditional estrogen receptors to regulate cellular responses to 17β-estradiol and environmental estrogens. In this study, we have evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis GPR30 expression in post-puberal testicular germ cell tumours (30 seminomas, 5 teratomas, 12 embryonal carcinomas, and 20 intratubular ...
Yuen J S P - - 2011
It is widely recognised that sorafenib inhibits a range of molecular targets in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). In this study, we aim to use patient-derived RCC xenografts to delineate the angiogenic and non-angiogenic molecular targets of sorafenib therapy for advanced RCC (aRCC). We successfully generated three patient RCC-derived xenografts in ...
Fan F - - 2011
Bevacizumab (Bev), a monoclonal antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), is used in combination with chemotherapy for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). The effects of Bev on angiogenesis have been well described, but the direct effect of Bev on tumour cells is unknown. This study was carried ...
Katz Elad - - 2011
Tumour cells employ a variety of mechanisms to invade their environment and to form metastases. An important property is the ability of tumour cells to transition between individual cell invasive mode and collective mode. The switch from collective to individual cell invasion in the breast was shown recently to determine ...
Stewart Colin J R - - 2011
Stewart C J R, Crook M L, Little L & Louwen K (2011) Histopathology Correlation between invasive pattern and immunophenotypic alterations in endocervical adenocarcinoma Aims:  To assess the immunophenotypic changes associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in endocervical adenocarcinoma, and correlate the findings with tumour morphology including growth pattern.  Methods and ...
Catalano Maria Graziella - - 2011
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma has a rapidly fatal clinical course, being resistant to multimodal treatments. Microtubules, α/β tubulin heterodimers, are crucial in cell signaling, division and mitosis and are among the most successful targets for anticancer therapy. Panobinostat (LBH589) is a potent deacetylase inhibitor acting both on histones and non-histonic proteins, ...
Bongiovanni L - - 2011
In normal adult skin, β-catenin is a structural component of the intercellular junction and the Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays a key role in the regulation of cutaneous homeostasis, particularly in the maintenance of hair follicle stem cells. No data are available on the expression pattern of β-catenin in normal canine skin ...
Wertz Ingrid E - - 2011
Microtubules have pivotal roles in fundamental cellular processes and are targets of antitubulin chemotherapeutics. Microtubule-targeted agents such as Taxol and vincristine are prescribed widely for various malignancies, including ovarian and breast adenocarcinomas, non-small-cell lung cancer, leukaemias and lymphomas. These agents arrest cells in mitosis and subsequently induce cell death through ...
Inuzuka Hiroyuki - - 2011
The effective use of targeted therapy is highly dependent on the identification of responder patient populations. Loss of FBW7, which encodes a tumour-suppressor protein, is frequently found in various types of human cancer, including breast cancer, colon cancer and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL). In line with these genomic data, ...
Ferrer Luis Miguel - - 2011
This report describes the clinical and histopathological characteristics of a squamous cell carcinoma infiltrating the cervix and the vaginal wall, producing reproductive symptoms and subnormal fertility in an adult ewe. Necropsy showed a large (15-cm-long) neoplastic mass infiltrating the vaginal wall and the cervix. Histopathological examination revealed atypical squamous epithelial ...
Janssen Aniek - - 2011
Aneuploidy is one of the most prevalent phenotypes of human tumours, but the underlying cause of this phenomenon remains highly debated. Entosis, the invasion of a living cell into another cell's cytoplasm, is now shown to perturb cytokinesis and induce the formation of aneuploid cells.
Jakab Csaba - - 2011
In this study, synchronous spontaneous, independent liver and gallbladder tumours were detected in a Bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps). The multiple tumours consisted of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma as well as in situ adenocarcinoma and two adenomas of the gallbladder. The biliary epithelial cells and the cholangiocarcinoma showed membranous cross-immunoreactivity for claudin-7. The ...
Ni Min - - 2011
GRP78 (glucose-regulated protein of 78 kDa) is traditionally regarded as a major ER (endoplasmic reticulum) chaperone facilitating protein folding and assembly, protein quality control, Ca(2+) binding and regulating ER stress signalling. It is a potent anti-apoptotic protein and plays a critical role in tumour cell survival, tumour progression and angiogenesis, ...
Thurber A E - - 2011
The use of adherent monolayer cultures have produced many insights into melanoma cell growth and differentiation, but often novel therapeutics demonstrated to act on these cells are not active in vivo. It is imperative that new methods of growing melanoma cells that reflect growth in vivo are investigated. To this ...
Saredi G - - 2011
We introduce the diagnostic complexity of a testicular metastasis by signet ring cell adenocarcinoma of unknown origin. Testicular metastases are a rare event but, particular after 50 years of age, a testicular mass could represent a metastasis.
van de Bor Véronique - - 2011
The transition from immotile epithelial cells to migrating cells occurs in all organisms during normal embryonic development, as well as during tumour metastasis. During Drosophila oogenesis, border cells (BCs) are recruited and delaminate from the follicular epithelium. This process is triggered by the polar cells (PCs), which secrete the cytokine ...
Salehi-Reyhani Ali - - 2011
We have developed a generic platform to undertake the analysis of protein copy number from single cells. The approach described here is 'all-optical' whereby single cells are manipulated into separate analysis chambers using an optical trap; single cells are lysed by a shock wave caused by laser-induced microcavitation, and the ...
Alemón-Medina Radamés - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Casiopeína IIgly (Cas IIgly) [Cu(4,7-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline)(glycinate)]NO(3) induce oxidative damage in different human tumour cell strains, as the known anticancer agent cisplatin (CDDP) does. PURPOSE: To compare glutathione (GSH) depletion induced by Cas IIgly and CDDP in murine melanoma B16 cells and its relationship with their antiproliferative effect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Dochow Sebastian - - 2011
Raman spectroscopy has been recognized to be a powerful tool for label-free discrimination of cells. Sampling methods are under development to utilize the unique capabilities to identify cells in body fluids such as saliva, urine or blood. The current study applied optical traps in combination with Raman spectroscopy to acquire ...
Krajcovic Matej - - 2011
Aneuploidy is common in human tumours and is often indicative of aggressive disease. Aneuploidy can result from cytokinesis failure, which produces binucleate cells that generate aneuploid offspring with subsequent divisions. In cancers, disruption of cytokinesis is known to result from genetic perturbations to mitotic pathways or checkpoints. Here we describe ...
Nielsen J E - - 2011
Prompted by the recently reported expression of POU5F1 (OCT3/4) in epididymis, a panel of markers for carcinoma in situ (CIS) testis and testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT), including AP-2γ(TFAP2C), NANOG, OCT3/4, KIT, placental-like alkaline phosphatase (PLAP), M2A/PDPN and MAGE-A4 were examined by immunohistochemistry or in situ hybridisation in urogenital epithelia, ...
Ruan Min - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Toll-like receptor-9 (TLR-9), a new member of the interleukin-1 receptor superfamily, was recently found to have a high level of expression in many carcinoma specimens. The objective of this study was to examine the TLR-9 expression and its role in tumour cell proliferation in oral squamous cell carcinoma. MATERIALS ...
Rashid S - - 2011
Extracts of natural products have been used for many years for health benefits. We report on an in vitro and in vivo study into the anti-tumour efficacy of an aqueous extract of the mycelial form of basidiomycete, Funalia trogii. A variety of biological assays were used to show that a ...
Souza Ludmilla R - - 2011
Souza L R, Fonseca-Silva T, Pereira C S, Santos E P, Lima L C, Carvalho H A, Gomez R S, Guimarães A L S & De Paula A M B (2011) Histopathology Immunohistochemical analysis of p53, APE1, hMSH2 and ERCC1 proteins in actinic cheilitis and lip squamous cell carcinoma Aims:  ...
Comamala M - - 2011
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells are prone to metastasise throughout the peritoneal cavity. The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a necessary step towards metastatic tumour progression. CA125/MUC16 mucin is a high-molecular-weight glycoprotein overexpressed in the majority of serous carcinomas, suggesting a possible role in the pathogenesis of these cancers. The role ...
Piaskowski S - - 2011
It has recently been reported by several sources that original (i.e., present in vivo) glioma cell phenotypes or genotypes cannot be maintained in vitro. For example, glioblastoma cell lines presenting EGFR amplification cannot be established. IDH1 sequencing and loss of heterozygosity analysis was performed for 15 surgery samples of astrocytoma ...
Blacking T M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The cancer stem cell hypothesis proposes that tumours are maintained by a population of cancer stem cells (CSC), which must be eradicated to prevent disease relapse after treatment. Cells expressing high levels of CD44 have been identified as candidate CSC in a variety of human tumours. This study sought ...
Yang Huicui - - 2011
RPB5-mediating protein (RMP) is associated with the RNA polymerase II subunit RPB5. RMP functionally counteracts the transcriptional activation of hepatitis B virus X protein that has been shown to play a role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the effect of RMP on the growth of HCC remains ...
Kato N - - 2011
N. Kato, K. Narutomi, M. Fukase and T. Motoyama Hollow spheroids in ascites of ovarian clear cell carcinoma: how are they formed and how do they behave? Objective:  Although the multicellular aggregates (spheroids) in malignant ascites are usually solid throughout, they sometimes have acellular hollow spaces, especially in ascites of ...
Yoshino H - - 2011
On the base of the microRNA (miRNA) expression signature of bladder cancer (BC), we found that miR-1 and miR-133a were significantly downregulated in BC. In this study, we focussed on the functional significance of miR-1 and miR-133a in BC cell lines and identified a molecular network of these miRNAs. We ...
Teng L - - 2011
Recurrence of glioma frequently occurs within the marginal area of the surgical cavity due to invading residual cells. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence-guided resection has been used as effective therapeutic modalities to improve discrimination of brain tumour margins and patient prognosis. However, the marginal areas of glioma usually show vague fluorescence, ...
Lefort Emilie C - - 2011
There is accumulating evidence that secondary plant metabolites such as flavonoids may have anti-cancer properties, and yet the molecular pathways that lead to alterations in cancer cell behaviour remain unclear. We investigated the possible actions of apigenin, a flavone present in leafy vegetables like parsley, on the levels of CD26 ...
Mikeš Jaromír - - 2011
Preferential uptake of photosensitizer by tumour tissue is an elementary prerequisite of effective and successful photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore intracellular concentration of photosensitizer is one of the limiting factors affecting PDT efficiency. Hypericin (HY) has found applications in photodynamic diagnostics solely due to its high specificity for tumour cells and ...
Hattermann Kirsten - - 2011
Cell migration and tissue invasion is an important issue in tumour and developmental research. Here, we describe the spheroid invasion assay in detail, a method for monitoring migration of different cell types in a three-dimensional model in vitro. Different (or same) cell types are fluorescently labelled with two different dyes, ...
Palma Alessandra - - 2011
Glycosylation is the most abundant and diverse form of post-translational modification of proteins. Two types of glycans exist in glycoproteins: N-glycans and O-glycans often coexisting in the same protein. O-glycosylation is frequently found on secreted or membrane-bound mucins whose overexpression and structure alterations are associated with many types of cancer. ...
Dutta Ranjna C - - 2011
Understanding extracellular matrix (ECM) biology is imperative for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, which seeks functionally viable cells to be delivered at the site of injury in addition to restoring tissue/organ shape through artificial scaffolds. Cells cultured by conventional methods that allow only 2D growth are not the true representatives ...
Cheli Y - - 2011
In melanoma, as well as in other solid tumors, the cells within a given tumor exhibit strong morphological, functional and molecular heterogeneity that might reflect the existence of different cancer cell populations, among which are melanoma-initiating cells (MICs) with 'stemness' properties and their differentiated, fast-growing progeny. The existence of a ...
Ilhan Aysegül - - 2011
Renal cell carcinomas are divided into several subgroups according to their histopathologic characteristics. The outcome, therapy responses, and the applicability of molecular-targeted therapies depend on the tumor classification and on the tumor stage. Recent advances within the biomarker research facilitated the exact classification of the molecular character of the renal ...
Holt Sarah V - - 2011
Resistance to conventional chemotherapy is a major problem in several paediatric tumours. One explanation for this is that tumour cells are unable to engage apoptosis after cytotoxic drug-induced damage. Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) function by inhibiting both effector (9) and initiator (3 and 7) caspases. Repression of the widely ...
Oliveira L R - - 2011
Advances in understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) have resulted in an increasing number of biomarkers that can be used to predict the behaviour of this disease. The authors conducted a literature review of studies examining the role of immunohistochemistry-based protein biomarkers in predicting OSCC ...
Tentori Lucio - - 2011
First line treatment of metastatic melanoma includes the methylating agent dacarbazine or its analogue temozolomide (TMZ) with improved pharmacokinetics and tolerability. However, the prognosis of the metastatic disease is poor and several trials are evaluating TMZ in polychemotherapy protocols. The novel glutathione transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) inhibitor 6-(7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-ylthio)hexanol (NBDHEX) has recently ...
Ida-Yonemochi Hiroko - - 2011
Ida-Yonemochi H, Ahsan M S & Saku T (2011) Histopathology Differential expression profiles between α-dystroglycan and integrin β1 in ameloblastoma: two possible perlecan signalling pathways for cellular growth and differentiation Aims:  Intercellular deposition of perlecan, an extracellular matrix molecule, results in characteristic stellate reticulum-like structures in ameloblastomas. The aims of ...
Hammami Ines - - 2011
Growing tumours have acquired several mechanisms to resist to immune recognition. Among these strategies, myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) contribute to tumour escape by suppressing T-cell specific anti-tumoural functions. The development of therapies that could specifically inhibit MDSC maturation, recruitment, accumulation and immunosuppressive functions is thus of great interest. This requires ...
Houslay Miles D - - 2011
In this issue of Cancer Cell, Arozarena et al. describe that the oncogenic BRAF Val600Glu mutant, which occurs in about half of melanomas, downregulates the cGMP-hydrolysing phosphodiesterase PDE5A in melanoma cells through the ERK-MAPK cascade coupled to the POU-domain transcription factor BRN2, thereby increasing intracellular cGMP levels and promoting invasiveness.
Kalamarides M - - 2011
Meningiomas are among the most common primary central nervous system tumours in adults. Studies focused on the molecular basis for meningioma development are hampered by a lack of information with regard to the cell of origin for these brain tumours. Herein, we identify a prostaglandin D synthase-positive meningeal precursor as ...
Jelassi B - - 2011
ATP-gated P2X(7) receptors (P2X(7)R) are unusual plasma membrane ion channels that have been extensively studied in immune cells. More recently, P2X(7)R have been described as potential cancer cell biomarkers. However, mechanistic links between P2X(7)R and cancer cell processes are unknown. Here, we show, in the highly aggressive human breast cancer ...
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