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Results 351 - 400 of 1798
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Polkowska Jolanta - - 2004
The present study was designed to demonstrate whether genistein, a synthetic phytoestrogen, infused into the third ventricle of the brain could affect the gonadotrophic cells regarding the presence of oestrogen receptor-alpha immunoreactivity and gonadotrophin subunit mRNA hybridising reaction in the ewe. Ewes (n=7), aged 2 years, in early anoestrous season ...
Marettová E - - 2004
Immunohistochemical localization of S-100 protein was studied in anterior, intermediate and posterior lobe of the pig pituitary gland. Two immunopositive cells for S-100 protein were identified: the folliculo-stellate cells (FSc) in the glandular lobes and the pituicytes in the neural lobe. In the anterior lobe, immunoreactive folliculo-stellate cells were scattered ...
Stewart William C - - 2004
The 3T3-L1 cells differentiate into fat cells that have many properties of native adipocytes including: substantial lipid accumulation, insulin sensitivity, and the ability to secrete endocrine hormones. A substantial expense in using these cells is fetal bovine serum (FBS), a critical component of efficient adipogenesis. Our recent studies on STAT ...
Rehfeld J F - - 2004
Gastrointestinal hormones are peptides released to circulation from endocrine cells as well as neurons in the gastrointestinal tract. More than 30 hormone genes are currently known to be expressed in the stomach and intestines, which makes the gut the largest endocrine organ in the body. Moreover, cell and molecular biology ...
Overlease Ruth L - - 2005
The secretion of peptide hormones during exocytosis of an individual vesicle can result in either complete discharge of vesicle content or can occur in a partial manner in which some hormone is retained during transient fusion. In anterior pituitary lactotrophs, the retained hormone prolactin was internalized and recycled into a ...
Zatelli Maria Chiara - - 2004
Somatostatin (SRIF) analogs interacting with SRIF receptor (SSTR) subtypes SSTR2 and SSTR5 reduce hormone secretion of pituitary adenomas, but their antiproliferative effects are still controversial. We investigated the in vitro effects of SRIF and SSTR-selective agonists interacting with SSTR1 (BIM-23926), SSTR2 (BIM-23120), SSTR5 (BIM-23206), or both SSTR2 and SSTR5 (BIM-23244) ...
Ishiwata Isamu - - 2004
We placed in culture brain tumors from 45 cases (7 cases of astrocytoma, 2 from oligodendrogliomas, 2 glioblastomas, 2 ependymomas, 13 meningiomas, 6 pituitary adenomas, 5 neurinomas, a malignant lymphoma, a choroid plexus papilloma, and 6 metastatic tumors) and succeeded in making a primary culture from 33, and maintained 17 ...
Souza S de A Sde - - 2004
The present study aims at providing a detailed description of the histology, as well as the first histochemical characterization, of the secretory cells of the epidermis, pharynx, and copulatory organs of Choeradoplana iheringi, in order to give further support to studies on the physiology of these organs. The secretory cells ...
Bossis I - - 2004
Carney complex (CNC) is a familial multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome associated with GH-producing pituitary tumours and transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. Mutations of the PRKAR1A gene are responsible for approximately half the known CNC cases but have never found in sporadic pituitary tumours. Pituitary tissue was obtained from an ...
Weber Gregory M - - 2004
Prolactin (PRL) cells from a teleost fish, the tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, facilitate the direct study of osmoreception. The release of two prolactins, PRL(188) and PRL(177), which act in freshwater osmoregulation in teleost fish, rises in vitro within 5 min after extracellular osmolality falls. An increase in cell size accompanied this ...
Boockfor Fredric R - - 2004
The reverse hemolytic plaque assay has been used for several years to study hormone release from various endocrine cell types. The basic method utilizes a monolayer (consisting of indicator erythrocytes and the cells under study) that is fixed to the floor of an incubation chamber. Antibody directed against a peptide ...
Ishikawa T - - 2004
We found small cytoplasmic vacuoles in the hormone-producing cells of anterior pituitary in hypothermic death. The vacuoles were found in approximately 40% of anterior pituitary cells both in males and females that had died from cold (n=31) while the detection rate was lower than 1% (P <0.001) in the other ...
Villalobos Carlos - - 2004
Anterior pituitary (AP) contains some unorthodox multifunctional cells that store and secrete two different AP hormones (polyhormonal cells) and/or respond to several hypothalamic-releasing hormones (HRHs; multiresponsive cells). Multifunctional cells may be involved in paradoxical secretion (secretion of a given AP hormone evoked by a noncorresponding HRH) and transdifferentiation (phenotypic switch ...
Caruso C - - 2004
Glutamate can induce neuronal cell death by activating ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) as well as metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). In the present study, we investigated whether glutamate induces apoptosis of cultured anterior pituitary cells from female rats. Glutamate (1 mm) significantly reduced the metabolic activity of viable cells and increased ...
González Balby - - 2004
During early postnatal development in the rat, the tissue architecture of the pituitary gland shows changes, revealing an intense migration process of the cells. The aim of this work was to examine anterior pituitary cell migration over type I and III collagen as well as type IV collagen, of cultured ...
Mongiat Lucas A - - 2004
The participation of type I GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) on GnRH-II-induced gonadotropin secretion in rat pituitary cells was investigated. Furthermore, we extended the study of GnRH-II action to ovarian cells. The GnRH-II was able to mobilize inositol triphosphate (IP(3)) and to induce LH and FSH release in a dose-dependent manner in ...
Maseki Yoko - - 2004
Although a number of immunohistochemical studies have been carried out on the differentiation of chicken gonadotropes during embryogenesis, the temporal and spatial properties of appearance of gonadotropes are not clear. In this study, we studied the appearance and morphological characteristics of gonadotropes in the embryonic and adult chicken anterior pituitary ...
Göõz Monika - - 2004
This study tested the hypothesis that rat adrenocortical secretion of endogenous ouabain-like factor (OLF) is regulated by nicotinic mechanisms. OLF secreted by dispersed cell suspensions of zona glomerulosa (ZG) and fasciculata/reticularis (ZFR) cells was found to co-elute with authentic ouabain by reverse phase HPLC; OLF concentrations in cell supernatants were ...
Mogi Chihiro - - 2004
We previously reported the ectopic differentiation of skeletal muscle cells in a pituitary gland transplanted beneath a kidney capsule. Morphological observation suggested that the skeletal muscle cells may have differentiated from folliculo-stellate (FS) cells in the anterior pituitary gland. However, at that time, we did not confirm this directly with ...
Akgün-Dar Kadriye - - 2004
Effects of synthetic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and various doses of thyroxin (T4) on prolactin (PRL)-producing cells and thyrotropic cells in the pituitary were investigated in adult male and female Rana ridibunda frogs. Animals were given 200 microg TRH once a week for 4 weeks and 0.2-0.5 mg T4 during 3 ...
Ferrandino Ida - - 2004
The immunohistochemical avidin-biotin complex method was used to study hormone-producing cells in the adenohypophysis of the skink Chalcides chalcides during embryonic development. In Chalcides, the formation of Rathke's pouch was evident between stages 28 and 30 of embryonic development. The adenohypophysial cells begin to differentiate before the morphological development of ...
Nakamura Kazuaki - - 2004
In previous studies, the distribution of thyrotropes in the chicken pituitary gland has been analyzed by immunohistochemistry using heterologous antibodies. In this study, we examined the distribution of thyroid-stimulating hormone beta subunit-immunopositive (TSHbeta-ip) cells and the expression of TSHbeta mRNA in the pituitary glands of chicken embryos by immunohistochemistry using ...
Stojanoski Milica Manojlović - - 2004
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) is essential for developmental maturation of numerous organ systems during the fetal period and for adaptation to environmental challenges. Immunocytochemical and stereological methods were used in the present study to examine the effects of dexamethasone (Dx) administration during pregnancy on fetal rat pituitary ACTH-producing cells. Doses of ...
Strbák Vladimir - - 2004
Cell volume changes induced in various ways (anisosmotic environment, hormones, oxidative stress, substrate uptake) are an integral part of a signal transduction network regulating cell function. Cell swelling has received increasing attention as a stimulus for a variety of intracellular phenomena. One of the most remarkable effects of cell swelling ...
Molteno A J - - 2004
The gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) system in female Damaraland mole-rats, Cryptomys damarensis, has been investigated to map the distribution of GnRH-immunoreactive (GnRH-IR) structures in the brain of this species and to assess whether changes in this system may mediate the inhibitory effect of social cues on fertility. The distribution of GnRH-IR ...
Arnold Robyn E - - 2004
The antiapoptotic action of exogenous growth hormone (GH) has been reported for several lymphoid cell lines; however, the potential role of endogenous GH in apoptosis has not been thoroughly investigated. This study was designed to investigate the effects of endogenous GH on apoptosis induced by methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) in a ...
Velardez Miguel Omar - - 2004
Nitric oxide (NO) plays a complex role in modulating programmed cell death. It can either protect the cell from apoptotic death or mediate apoptosis, depending on its concentration and the cell type and/or status. In this study, we demonstrate that long-term exposition to NO induces cell death of anterior pituitary ...
Oomizu Souichi S Endocrinology Program, Rutgers, Biomedical Divison of the Center for Alcohol Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, - - 2004
Estradiol is known to increase lactotropic cell proliferation, but estradiol susceptibility varies among human populations and among various strains of rats. We had reported that folliculostellate (FS) cells regulate estradiol's mitogenic action on lactotropes; therefore, we studied their role in determining the susceptibility to estradiol in a high estradiol-responsive rat ...
Crane James W - - 2003
Systemic infection activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and brainstem catecholamine cells have been shown to contribute to this response. However, recent work also suggests an important role for the central amygdala (CeA). Because direct connections between the CeA and the hypothalamic apex of the HPA axis are minimal, the present ...
Tierney T - - 2003
Annexin 1 (ANXA1) is a key mediator of the inhibitory effects of glucocorticoids on adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) release, which develop within 1-2 h of a steroid challenge. Our previous studies, which showed that (i) ANXA1 is expressed principally by the nonsecretory folliculo-stellate cells in the pituitary gland; (ii) glucocorticoids cause ...
Wu Faye - - 2003
Corin is a recently discovered pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) convertase that is abundantly expressed in the heart. ANP is a cardiac hormone but can be secreted ectopically by certain cancers including small cell lung cancer (SCLC). In this study, we examined the role of corin in ANP production by SCLC ...
Fu Xiaoqin - - 2004
We reported that corticosterone (CORT) induces GH cell differentiation in chicken embryonic pituitary cells in culture and in living embryos. The present study tested whether CORT could also induce prolactin (PRL) cell differentiation in vitro. CORT increased the percentage of GH cells in cultures of embryonic d (e) 13 pituitary ...
Quittau-Prévostel Corinne - - 2004
Protein kinase C (PKC) has been implicated in the control of intercellular adhesion. Our previous observation demonstrating that activated PKC alpha (PKCalpha is selectively targeted to cell-cell contacts of pituitary GH3B6 cells supports these findings. The relevance of this observation is further strengthened by the present data establishing that this ...
Carretero J - - 2003
Nitric oxide is an unconventional transmitter since it is not transported and released by exocytosis. In the pituitary gland, nitric oxide is locally synthesised by gonadotroph and folliculo-stellate cells. Dopamine, the principal central inhibitory signal in prolactin release, may exert its inhibitory effects by stimulation of nitric oxide production. However, ...
Savage Jesse J - - 2003
The mammalian anterior pituitary gland is a compound endocrine organ that regulates reproductive development and fitness, growth, metabolic homeostasis, the response to stress, and lactation, by actions on target organs such as the gonads, the liver, the thyroid, the adrenals, and the mammary gland. The protein and peptide hormones that ...
Smith Perry M - - 2003
The morphology and function of rat GH3 pituitary cells are profoundly affected by estradiol-17beta (E2), presumably due to changes in the profile of gene expression. We recently reported that a major target of E2 in these cells is the ezrin gene, which encodes a cytoskeletal linker protein that forms a ...
Baker C - - 2003
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) are expressed in cells of the immune system where they exert immunomodulatory roles, but these neuropeptides are poorly characterized in human immune tissues. The aim of this study was to determine concentrations and distribution of CRH and AVP in nonactivated human peripheral blood ...
García Ayala A - - 2003
Follicle-stimulating hormone-like gonadotropin (FSH), luteinizing hormone-like gonadotropin (LH), and thyrotropin (TSH) cells were detected in adult and developing pituitary gland of gilthead seabream. Antisera obtained against the alpha- and beta-subunits of FSH (anti-My FSH) and the beta-subunit of LH (anti-My LHbeta), respectively, of the teleost Mediterranean yellowtail, and an antiserum ...
Kuchenbauer F - - 2003
Laminin is a component of the extracellular matrix (ECM) that regulates cell proliferation and hormone secretion. Here we describe the effects of laminin on prolactin secretion in normal and tumor cells and analyze laminin expression pattern during prolactinoma development. Prolactin secretion and cell proliferation were inhibited by laminin in GH3 ...
Blanco Montserrat - - 2003
Orexins A and B are hypothalamic peptides derived from a precursor called prepro-orexin and are associated with the stimulation of food intake and arousal. There is evidence that orexins act on some pituitary functions. Since no studies have been done concerning the presence of orexins in human pituitary, it is ...
Kominami Rieko - - 2003
Proliferating cells in the male rat anterior pituitary at 1, 3, 5, and 8 weeks of age were labeled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and studied by light and electron microscopic immunocytochemistry using anti-BrdU. They decreased in number from 402+/-31/mm(2) at 1 week to 50+/-1.5/mm(2) at 8 weeks, while their cell area ...
Sippel Rebecca S - - 2003
Gastrointestinal carcinoid cells secrete multiple neuroendocrine markers and hormones including 5-HT and chromogranin A. The intracellular signaling pathways that regulate production of bioactive molecules are not completely understood. Our aim was to determine whether activation of the raf-1/MEK/MAPK signal transduction pathway in carcinoid cells could modulate production of neuroendocrine markers ...
Rubinek Tami - - 2003
Pituitary GH secretion is regulated by hypothalamic hormones and peripheral factors. Cell-cell contact may also have an important role in regulating pituitary hormone expression and secretion. The role of pituicyte cell-cell contact mediated by N-cadherin and neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM) was studied in the regulation of GH secretion. RT-PCR ...
Nolan L A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Glucocorticoid withdrawal in man is associated with transient but sometimes prolonged impairment of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis secretory responsiveness. This has led to continued concern in the clinical arena. The acute anterior pituitary response to glucocorticoids in the rat includes apoptosis-mediated deletion of a cell population. Whilst continued cell turnover following ...
Bonnefont Xavier - - 2003
The anterior pituitary is an endocrine gland that controls basic body functions. Pituitary cell functioning depends on membrane excitability, which induces cytosolic calcium rises. Here, we reported the first identification of small-amplitude voltage fluctuations that controlled spike firing in endocrine cells recorded in situ. Three patterns of voltage fluctuations were ...
Vazquez-Martinez Rafael - - 2003
Previously, it has been shown that background color conditions regulate the overall activity of the frog intermediate lobe by varying the proportions of the two subtypes of melanotropes existing in the gland, the highly active or secretory melanotropes and hormone storage melanotropes, depending on melanocyte-stimulating hormone requirements. However, the factors ...
Scanlan Perry M - - 2003
Entry of herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) into cells requires a concerted action of four viral glycoproteins gB, gD, and gH-gL. Previously, cell surface expression of gD had been shown to confer resistance to HSV-1 entry. To investigate any similar effects caused by other entry glycoproteins, gB and gH-gL were coexpressed ...
Radian S - - 2003
Somatotroph and thyrotroph pituitary cells share a common precursor cell expressing the transcription factor Pit1 in ontogeny. Cells expressing both thyrotropin (TSH) and growth-hormone (GH) are found in adult rat pituitary and in human pituitary adenomas in acromegaly, and these tumors contain both thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and the TRH receptors ...
Laiz-Carrión Raul - - 2003
The distribution and ontogeny of adenohypophyseal cells have been studied in the pituitary gland of embryos, larvae, and juveniles of the clupeid American shad (Alosa sapidissima) using immunocytochemical techniques. In juvenile specimens, adenohypophysis was composed of rostral pars distalis (RPD), formed by cavities lined by prolactin (PRL), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), ...
Noda Takahiro - - 2003
Hormone-producing cells in the rat anterior pituitary gland are not randomly distributed; rather, there are specific topographic affinities among five cell types (Noda et al., Acta Histochem. Cytochem. 2001;34:313-319). In this study we reconstructed these affinities, at least partially, in primary monolayer culture. Pituitary cells collected from adult male rats ...
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